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Engineering Standard

SAES-G-005 28 July 2009


Centrifugal Pumps
Pumps, Seals and Mixers Standards Committee Members
Odan, Nabeel Mohammad, Chairman
Ghamdi, Abdullah Ali, Vice Chairman
Abbad, Hussain Ali
Dossary, Nayef Ali
Enazi, Fahad Husayan
Hussain, Khaleel Ma'Atug
Jamea, Khalid Hamad
Janbi, Sohail Husain
Muqahwi, Sameer Salim
Nguyen, Linh Van
Perez, Esteban Claveria
Rabaa, Salem Abdullah
Shuhail, Yousuf Saleh

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents

1 Scope............................................................. 2
2 Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2
3 References..................................................... 2
4 Design............................................................ 5
5 Installation.................................................... 15
6 Testing and Inspection................................. 16
7 Life Cycle Cost Evaluation........................... 17

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide....... 18


Table 2 – Pump Metallurgy Application Guide.... 31
Table 3 – Test Requirements for
Centrifugal Pumps................................ 32

Appendix A – Centrifugal Pump


Selection Guide.................................... 33
Appendix B – Typical Drawing
of Bleed Bushing Design...................... 35
Appendix C –Minimum Flow
Recycle Requirement Guide................. 36

Previous Issue: 16 September 2008 Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014


Page 1 of 35
Primary contact: Odan, Nabeel Mohammad on 966-3-8760119

Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2009. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

1 Scope

This Standard defines the minimum mandatory requirements governing the design and
installation of centrifugal pumps excluding submersible pumps that are covered by
SAES-G-007, Submersible Pumps and Motors for Water Well and Offshore Service.

Pumps in domestic sewage or community water service with driver power rating up to
37 kW (50 HP) shall be to manufacturer standard design and do not have to comply
with this standard.

This Standard may not be attached to or made a part of purchase orders.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this Standard and other applicable Saudi Aramco
Engineering Standards (SAESs), Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs),
Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes and forms shall be
resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the
Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this Standard in writing to the Company or
Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302
and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department of
Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

3 References

The selection of material and equipment and the design, construction, maintenance and
repair of equipment and facilities covered by this Standard shall comply with the latest
edition of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted.

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedures


SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a
Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering
Requirement
SAEP-341 Equipment Life Cycle Cost Procedure

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards


SAES-B-009 Fire Protection and Safety Requirements for
Offshore Production Facilities

Page 2 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

SAES-B-017 Firewater System Design


SAES-B-068 Electrical Area Classification
SAES-L-310 Design of Plant Piping

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications


17-SAMSS-503 Severe Duty Totally Enclosed Squirrel Cage
Induction Motors to 250 HP
30-SAMSS-001 Diesel Engines
31-SAMSS-004 Centrifugal Pumps
31-SAMSS-012 Shaft Sealing System for Centrifugal and Rotary
Pumps
32-SAMSS-009 General Purpose Steam Turbines
32-SAMSS-013 Lubrication, Shaft Sealing and Control Oil
Systems

Saudi Aramco Standard Drawing


AD-036821-001 Material Guide for Centrifugal Pumps (Sheet1:
Horizontal and Vertical In-Line Pumps)
AD-036821-002 Material Guide for Centrifugal Pumps (Sheet2:
Vertical Suspended Pumps)

Saudi Aramco Forms and Data Sheets


2741-ENG & Centrifugal Pump Data Sheet for Horizontal
2741-M-ENG Pumps and Vertical In-Line Pumps
2748-ENG & Centrifugal Pump Data Sheet for Vertical
2748-M-ENG Suspended Pumps
7305-ENG Equipment Noise Data Sheet
Form LCC-001 Life Cycle Cost Spread Sheet for Centrifugal
Pumps
Form LCC-002 Life Cycle Cost Spread Sheet for Centrifugal
Pump/Motor Trains

Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements


Form 175-310500 Pumps: ASME Centrifugal, Horizontal, End
Suction Single Stage, or Vertical In-Line
Form 175-310510 Molten Sulfur Pumps: Centrifugal, Horizontal
and Vertical

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Form 175-310700 Firewater Pumps: Centrifugal, Horizontal and


Vertical

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards

American Petroleum Institute


API STD 610 Centrifugal Pumps for Petroleum, Petrochemical
and Natural Gas Industries
API STD 682 Shaft Sealing Systems for Centrifugal and Rotary
Pumps
API RP 686 Recommended Practices for Machinery
Installation and Installation Design

American Society of Mechanical Engineers


ASME B1.1 Unified Inch Screw Threads
ASME B1.13M Metric Screw Threads: M Profile
ASME B73.1 Specification for Horizontal, End Suction
Centrifugal Pumps for Chemical Process
ASME B73.2 Specification for Vertical In-Line Centrifugal
Pumps for Chemical Process
ASME B73.3 Specification for Sealless Horizontal, End Suction
Metallic Centrifugal Pumps for Chemical
Process

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.


IEEE 252 Standard Test Procedure for Polyphase Induction
Motors Having Liquid in the Magnetic Gap

International Standards Organization


ISO 2858 End-Suction Centrifugal Pumps (Rating 16 Bar)
ISO 5199 Technical Specification for Centrifugal Pumps -
Class II
ISO 15783 Seal-less Rotodynamic Pump-Class II
Specification
ISO 15156 Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries Materials
for Use in H2S-containing Environments in Oil
and Gas Production

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

National Fire Protection Association


NFPA 20 Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps
for Fire Protection

Hydraulic Institute Standard


HI 9.6.7 Viscosity Correction

4 Design

4.1 Pump Type Selection

4.1.1 Pump Selection Guide

Refer to Appendix A for pump selection based on services.

4.1.1.1 Main firewater and jockey pumps shall comply with the
hydraulic and operating requirements of NFPA 20 and
SAES-B-017 or SAES-B-009. All main firewater pumps shall
not exceed 1800 RPM. Horizontal jockey pumps may operate
at 3600 RPM. Vertically suspended jockey pumps shall not
exceed 1800 RPM unless approved by the Standards
Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers.

4.1.1.2 For new sump installations and for replacement of existing


pumps, horizontal direct drive self priming pumps shall be used
for open sump services when suction lift (vertical distance
between the pump centerline and low-low liquid level in the
sump) does not exceed 6 m (20 ft).

If self priming pumps are used to discharge into a pressurized


system, an automatic air release valve or continuous bleed with
orifice shall be provide upstream the check valve in the
discharge piping.

Vertically suspended lineshaft pumps are acceptable only for


cases where suction lift exceeds 6 m (20 ft) or flow
rate/discharge pressure is beyond the operating range of self
priming pumps.

When vertically suspended pumps are used for hydrocarbon


and oily water open sump applications, they shall be of the
discharge through column design such as API STD 610 VS1
and VS2 pump type. Separate discharge pump design, such as

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

API STD 610 VS4 and VS5 pump type, is not acceptable for
these applications.

Vendor mechanical seal selection is acceptable for self priming


pumps and may not comply with Table 1 - Mechanical Seal
Selection Guide of this standard.

Self priming pumps that will be on stand-by mode for extended


period of time shall be provided with continuous priming
system to avoid losing the priming fluid from the pump suction
chamber.

If self priming pumps are selected for application where they


are running continuously or frequently, a connection line with
orifice and a block valve shall be provided between the
discharge of the two pumps (the operating and the standby
pump) upstream the check valves to insure that the standby
pump is always primed.

4.1.1.3 For vertically suspended pumps, an open lineshaft shall be used


if the distance between the normal liquid level and the
centerline of the pump discharge nozzle is 15.3 m (50 ft) or
less. Applications exceeding this shall utilize an enclosed
lineshaft. Alternatively, consideration shall be given to the use
of electric submersible pumps complying with 31-SAMSS-010
and SAES-G-007.

4.1.1.4 Maximum operating speed of vertically suspended pumps


(including vertical cantilever type with suction tail pipe)shall
not exceed 1800 RPM unless approved by the Standards
Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers.

4.1.1.5 Non-metallic side discharge pumps may be used in sump


service provided that all of the following conditions are met:
a) The selection of a metallic type pump is unsuitable due to
anticipated corrosion rates > 127 micrometers/year
(5 mils/year).
b) The pump driver rating does not exceed 37 kW (50 HP).
c) The maximum discharge pressure does not exceed
1,040 kPa gauge (150 psig).

4.1.1.6 Sealless pumps shall be provided for caustic, acid and sour
water services if the motor nameplate rating does not exceed

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

112 kW (150 HP). All sealless pumps shall be self venting and
shall be designed to permit complete drainage prior to
dismantling. The use of a sealless pump in glycol or amine
services is acceptable but not mandatory. For applications
where the motor rating exceeds 112 kW (150 HP) or where
sealless pumps are not suitable for the service, sealed pumps
shall be used. Magnet Drive Pumps shall not be used if the
pumped liquid contains ferrous or iron oxide particles and no
external clean flush is available.

4.1.1.6.1 Canned Motor Pumps in accordance with


ASME B73.3 or ISO 15783
a) Canned motor pumps may be used for all
sealless pump services.
b) If secondary containment of the process liquid
is required or if the operating temperature
exceeds 93°C (200°F), a canned motor pump
shall be used.
c) The operating speed of canned motor pumps
shall not exceed 3,600 RPM unless approved
by the Standards Committee Chairman;
Pumps, Seals and Mixers.
d) Stator housing and liner hydrostatic tests are
required for each pump. The test pressure
shall be the pump MAWP.
e) A dielectric test using a polarization index
ratio based on one minute and ten minute
readings, in accordance with IEEE 252, is
required for each motor.
f) A thermal device shall be installed in the
motor stator winding to trip the motor on high
winding temperature.
g) A low power switch shall be provided to
protect the pump against dry run operation.

4.1.1.6.2 Magnet Drive End Suction Pumps (Synchronous or


Eddy Current), in accordance with ASME B73.3 or
ISO 15783
a) The operating speed of magnet drive sealless
pumps shall not exceed 3,600 RPM. The

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

maximum liquid temperature shall not exceed


93°C (200°F).
b) The synchronous magnet torque rating shall
exceed the maximum torque of the pump with
maximum diameter impeller from minimum
continuous stable capacity to 120% of rated
capacity by the following factors, based on the
calculated torque of the coupling. For molten
sulfur application, the factor shall be 1.5 for all
calculated torque values:

Calculated Calculated Synchronous


Torque Torque Coupling
Nm ft-lbf Rating Factor
<50 <37 1.25
50 - 150 37 - 111 1.15
>150 >111 1.10

c) The eddy magnetic coupling torque rating


shall exceed the maximum torque rating of the
pump with maximum diameter impeller from
minimum continuous stable capacity to 120%
of rated capacity by a minimum of 10%.
d) If two or more synchronous magnet drive
pumps on the same purchase order and of
identical type, rating, materials and design
conditions are presented for inspection as a
batch, a static torque test on one pump is
acceptable. Otherwise, a static torque test is
required for each pump.
e) Magnet drive pumps having metallic
containment shells shall be provided with
containment shell temperature monitoring and
protection.
f) A low power switch shall be provided to
protect the pump against dry run operation.
g) Close coupled mag-drive sealless pumps are
acceptable up to 5 HP driver rating.

4.1.1.7 The pump and its drive train including all auxiliaries shall
comply with the requirements of SAES-B-068, Electrical Area

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Classification.

4.1.2 Unit responsibility for the complete pump train including driver, gear, oil
system(s), etc., shall be assigned to the pump manufacturer.
Exception:

Exception may be made when the driver is a diesel engine, special


purpose steam turbine or combustion gas turbine.

4.1.3 Noise Control

4.1.3.1 For each new piece of equipment or integrated unit that will
generate noise in excess of 85 dB(A) at a distance of one
meter, the Project Manager shall submit a completed Form
7305-ENG, Equipment Noise Data Sheet, to ECD/EPD.

4.1.3.2 New equipment shall not generate noise in excess of 90 dB(A)


at a distance of one meter after engineering controls have been
implemented. If the noise level will exceed this limit, the
Project Manager shall submit a completed Form 7305-ENG,
Equipment Noise Data Sheet, to ECD/EPD, and shall obtain a
waiver in accordance with SAEP-302.

4.2 Rated Operating Conditions

4.2.1 The NPSHA at 120% of rated flow shall be determined based on rated
suction pressure at pump suction nozzle and pumped product vapor
pressure at maximum pumping temperature. If strainers are used for
long-term basis, the pressure drop across the strainer shall be included
the NPSHA calculations.

4.2.2 Viscosity correction factors, per the Hydraulic Institute Standard HI 9.6.7,
shall be applied. Extrapolation is not recommended. Correction factors
for water are 1:1:1. Limitations on use of viscous liquid performance
correction chart are:
a) Use only for pumps of conventional hydraulic design, in the normal
operating range, with open or closed impellers. DO NOT use for
mixed flow or axial flow pumps or for pumps of special hydraulic
design for either viscous or non-uniform liquids.
b) Use only on Newtonian (uniform) liquids. Gels, slurries and other
non-uniform liquids may produce widely varying results,
depending on the particular characteristics of the liquids.

Page 9 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
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Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

4.2.3 When determining the rated suction pressure, the expected minimum and
maximum suction pressure shall also be specified.

4.3 Hydraulic Performance

4.3.1 Pumps complying with 31-SAMSS-004 shall have a continuous head


rise from the rated head to shutoff. The head rise shall not be less than
10% of the rated head. For ASME and ISO pumps and pumps to
manufacturer's standard design, integrated orifice in the casing might be
used to achieve the 10% head rise.

4.3.2 For ASME, and ISO pumps and pumps to manufacturer's standard
design, the rated capacity shall not be less than 60% and shall not exceed
110% of the capacity at best efficiency point.

4.3.3 For all pumps, the NPSHR shall not exceed the specified NPSHA over
the range of minimum continuous stable capacity to 120% of the rated
capacity. At rated capacity, the NPSHA shall also exceed the NPSHR by
a minimum margin of 1 meter (39 inches). For variable speed pumps,
the above NPSH requirements apply for all speeds required to meet the
specified operating conditions.

4.3.4 For all pumps, with exception of pumps operating at 6000 RPM or
higher, the suction specific speed, based on the NPSH required for 3%
first stage head drop at best efficiency capacity, shall not exceed 6,710
(11,000 in U.S. units).

4.4 Casing Design

4.4.1 The maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) shall be based on


the maximum specified relative density with:
 Maximum impeller diameter at rated speed for constant speed
applications.
 Rated impeller diameter at maximum speed for variable speed
applications.

The MAWP of horizontal and vertical in-line pump casings and the
discharge heads of vertically suspended pumps shall be at least equal to
the sum of the maximum suction pressure and the differential pressure
developed at shut-off.

The MAWP of the bowl and column assemblies of vertical suspended


pumps shall be at least equal to the maximum differential pressure
developed by the bowl assembly at shut-off.

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
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Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

4.4.2 Casing design temperature shall be at least equal to the maximum flow
temperature. For pumps handling liquids which may autorefrigerate, the
minimum design temperature shall be the lowest liquid temperature
which would occur as a result of rapid reduction in liquid pressure to
25% of the pump design operating pressure.

4.4.3 The details of threading shall be in accordance with ASME B1.1,


ASME B1.13M or other internationally approved standard.

4.5 Shaft Sealing

4.5.1 Seal Codes and Applications

4.5.1.1 Mechanical seals shall be in accordance with Table 1 of this


standard and 31-SAMSS-012 for the following pumps:
a) Pumps complying with 31-SAMSS-004, with the
exception of integrally geared pumps.
b) ASME and ISO pumps in hazardous, flammable and/or
toxic service.

Mechanical seals shall be in accordance with Table 1 of this


standard for following pumps:
a) ASME and ISO pumps not in hazardous, flammable
and/or toxic service.
b) Pumps to manufacturer's standard design, with the
exception of self priming pumps.

Mechanical seals of manufacturer standard design are


acceptable for horizontal self priming pumps.

The seal codes used in Table 1 of this standard are based on


API STD 682 terminology. Refer to Appendix D.

4.5.1.2 Mechanical seal selections for services not listed in the


Mechanical Seal Selection Guide are subject to the review and
approval of the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals
and Mixers.

4.5.1.3 Packing is required for main firewater pumps and for non
hydrocarbon slurry pumps. Horizontal firewater pumps shall
have drain hole at the bottom of the bearing bracket and shall
not be less that 1 inch in diameter. Horizontal and vertical
inline jockey pumps shall have mechanical seals.

Page 11 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
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Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

4.5.1.4 Vertically suspended pumps with discharge through column


design in oily water, raw water or sea water service shall be
provided with a bleed type discharge head bushing, deflector
ring and a labyrinth seal instead of a mechanical seal or
packing. Refer to Appendix B of this standard for a typical
drawing of bleed type design. Proposed designs differing from
the typical drawing, including grease lubricated packing,
require the approval of the Standards Committee Chairman;
Pumps, Seals and Mixers.

4.5.2 Mechanical Seal Piping Plans

For all pumps, the piping for mechanical seal flush, quench, vent, drain
and leakage detection system shall be in accordance with Table 1,
Mechanical Seal Selection Guide and API STD 682. The seal leakage
systems, when required by service conditions, shall be included in the
scope of supply of the pump Vendor unless otherwise specified.

To avoid contamination with pumped product, suitable barrier fluid shall


be selected for arrangement 3 seals.

4.6 Bearings and Bearing Housings

4.6.1 Bearings shall be oil lubricated unless exempt from the scope of
31-SAMSS-004, ASME or ISO. Anti-friction bearings of pumps exempt
from these specifications may be grease lubricated. Firewater pumps
may be grease lubricated. With the exception of pumps having external
lube oil system, the following shall be installed on the bearing housings
of oil lubricated pumps:
 Constant level oiler
 Level sight glass
 A drainable sight glass (installed under the bearing housing to drain
condensed water from the bearing housing).

4.6.2 The upthrust and downthrust values for vertical pumps quoted by the
Vendor shall be the maximum forces expected at any point on the full
curve.

It shall be verified that the values listed are within the bearing design
criteria of the driver or transmission unit which absorbs the rotor thrust.

4.7 Materials of Construction

4.7.1 The metallurgy application guide of Table 2 provides a listing of most

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
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Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

liquids pumped. The liquid pumped shall be identified from the table
together with the corresponding "Materials Code(s)." The applicable
material code shall be specified on the Data Sheet(s) 2741-ENG &
2741-M-ENG/2748-ENG & 2748-M-ENG.

ASTM Standard numbers and material grades offered shall be in


compliance with (or be superior to) the applicable ASTM Standard
numbers and material grades listed on Standard Drawing AD-036821.

To enable the manufacturer to complete the required material


designations, Standard Drawing AD-036821 must be attached to the
Quotation Request or Purchase Order.

Substitute equivalent or superior materials shall be reviewed and


approved in writing by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps,
Seals and Mixers. For any requested materials substitution, sufficient
data shall be provided by the Vendor to justify the substitution. This
data shall include, but shall not be limited, to physical, mechanical and
corrosion resistance properties.

4.7.2 Materials of construction for fluids not listed in Table 2 may be based on
information provided in publications, recommendations provided by
pump manufacturers or other accepted sources. In such cases, the
material selection as proposed by the manufacturer shall be reviewed and
approved in writing by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps,
Seals and Mixers.

4.7.3 Materials exposed to sour environment shall be in accordance with the


requirements of ISO 15156.

4.8 Couplings and Guards

4.8.1 Lubricated couplings are not permitted.

4.8.2 For horizontal pumps, vertical in-line and vertically suspended pumps
having thrust bearings and not driven by reciprocating engines, flexible
disc pack or diaphragm type couplings are required.

4.8.3 Rigid adjustable spacer type couplings are required for vertical in-line
and vertically suspended pumps not having thrust bearings.

4.8.4 Elastomeric type couplings or couplings having comparable torsional


stiffness are required for pumps driven by reciprocating engines and for
pumps in frequent on and off operation such as loading and unloading
pumps at bulk plants. The elastomeric members shall not deteriorate due
to exposure to a hydrocarbon environment.

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4.9 Drivers

4.9.1 The drivers for ASME and ISO pumps and for pumps to manufacturer's
standard design shall be sized in accordance with the following table:

Driver Nameplate Rating


kW HP Minimum Percentage of Pump Rated Power
<22 <30 125
22-55 30-75 115
>55 >75 110

4.9.2 For ASME, ISO pumps and pumps to manufacturer's standard design,
electric motor drivers shall be in accordance with 17-SAMSS-503, diesel
engines shall be in accordance with 30-SAMSS-001 and steam turbine
drivers shall be in accordance with 32-SAMSS-009.

4.10 Mounting Plates

Horizontal Pumps

A baseplate is required for grouted, permanently installed equipment. An oil


field skid is required for equipment which may be temporarily used for the
specified service or frequently relocated. The baseplate shall extend under the
pump and drive train components. To minimize damage during shipment, all
auxiliary piping and instrumentation shall not extend outside the baseplate
perimeter.

Vertical Pumps

Sump mounted vertical pumps shall be provided with a grouted, permanently


installed soleplate or surface plate to which the mounting plate or flange of the
pump will attach. Removal of the pump for maintenance shall not require
removal of the grouted soleplate or surface plate. Studs shall be installed in the
soleplate or surface plate to match the pump mounting plate or flange. The only
exception to this requirement is when sump pumps are mounted on a steel sump
cover plate. In this case, the sump cover plate shall have studs installed to
match the pump mounting plate or flange. Bolts may be used instead of studs
for the sump cover plate if provided with a minimum of two guide rods.

4.11 Drain and Vent Piping

For toxic liquids or liquids which vaporize at atmospheric conditions, drain


and/or vent piping (within the confines of the baseplate) including block valves
and flanged terminations at the edge of the baseplate shall be specified.

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
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For ASME, ISO pumps and pumps to manufacturer's standard design, 316
Stainless steel tubing may be used for drains and vents. If tubing is used, it shall
be per ASTM A269 seamless Type 316. Connectors and adapters shall be
compression type meeting UNS S-31600 and ASTM A276.

5 Installation

5.1 Layout

5.1.1 Pumps shall be located for convenience of operation and maintenance


requirements. The pump train arrangement shall ensure safe and easy
access to all equipment train components for operation and
maintenance purposes.

5.1.2 Provisions for isolation, venting and draining the pump shall be
installed to permit internal inspection, repair or dismantling.

5.1.3 Wherever possible, when more than one identical pump train is
required, the design of the equipment trains, the auxiliary baseplate(s),
the connecting piping, cabling, wiring, etc., shall be identical in layout,
construction and accessibility.

5.2 Suction and Discharge Piping

Suction and discharge piping shall be in accordance with SAES-L-310, Design


of Plant Piping.

5.3 Minimum Flow Recycle System

5.3.1 A minimum flow recycle line shall be provided in line with Appendix C.

5.3.2 For pumps with common recycle line, the recycle line shall be connected
to the pump discharge piping downstream of the check valves (i.e., on
the main header). Where protection against reverse flow from header to
recycle line is required, another check valve shall be installed on the
header downstream the recycle line take off connection.

For pumps with individual recycle line, the recycle lines shall be
connected to the pump discharge piping upstream of the check valve.
Flow element for the minimum flow recycle system, shall measure the
flow in the discharge piping upstream of the recycle line take off
connection.

5.3.3 Recycle lines shall be directed back to the suction source. If this is not
possible, the recycle lines may be connected back to the suction line only
if the recycled liquid is cooled down to allow continuous operation at full

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
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Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

minimum flow recycle mode where all the pumped liquid is recycled.
Except for intermediate pipeline pumping stations, directing the recycle
line to suction line requires the approval of the Standards Committee
Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers.

5.4 The Vendor's General Arrangement (G.A.) or outline drawings shall include all
required data including nozzles, shaft centerline and baseplate foundation bolt
coordinates to install the pump on its foundation. G.A. drawings shall also show
Buyer's references and the main rating data of equipment components.

5.5 Pump units shall be installed in accordance with API RP 686.

6 Testing and Inspection

6.1 Pumps requiring testing per Table 3 of this standard shall be tested at rated
speed. If this is not feasible, the Vendor shall advise and justify his proposed
vibration acceptance criteria at his specified derated speed. Vibration data and
bearing temperatures shall be recorded.

6.2 Requirements on hydrostatic pressure testing, running and performance testing


shall be completed in accordance with the Test Requirements for Centrifugal
Pumps, paragraph 6.5 below.

6.3 Pumps shall be dismantled to investigate the cause of any unsatisfactory


performance, NPSH or running tests.

6.4 Vibration and temperature measurements shall be taken and recorded for all
certified or witnessed tests of pumps complying with 31-SAMSS-004, ASME
and ISO pumps and pumps in firewater and molten sulfur services.

6.5 Requirements for documentation certification and witnessing of test shall be as


specified on Inspection Form 175-310600 for pumps complying to
31-SAMSS-004, Inspection Form 175-310500 for ASME pumps ,Inspection
Form 175-310700 for firewater pumps and Inspection Form 175-310510 for
molten sulfur pumps.

6.6 Sump model testing shall be conducted for all sea water intake systems unless
specifically waived by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and
Mixers.

7 Life Cycle Cost Evaluation

Unless otherwise approved by the Coordinator, Rotating Equipment Division, Consulting


Services Department, quotations for pumps and pump-motor trains of 1000 HP and larger
that are in accordance with 31-SAMSS-004 with the exception of pumps in storm water

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Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

and firewater services, shall be evaluated on the basis of a Life Cycle Cost (LCC) as
explained in SAEP-341. This cost is composed of initial cost of the pump plus the
present worth of the consumed power cost over an operating period of 15 years, using an
Evaluation Factor (EF), which should be shown in the data sheet that goes with the
quotation request. The Life Cycle Cost of the pump shall be determined using the life
cycle cost spreadsheet LCC-001. The Life Cycle Cost of the pump-motor trains shall be
determined using the life cycle cost spreadsheet LCC-002.
Note: Normal operating point shall be specified on the data sheet. Pump power at normal
operating point shall be specified by the pump manufacturer on the data sheet and
performance curve.

Revision Summary
28 July 2009 Major revision.

Page 17 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide

Non-flashing Dry Hydrocarbon Services; containing up to 0.2% water by weight and


having Vapor Pressure ≤ 100 kPa abs (14.7 psia) at Pumping Temperature

Pumping Temperature °C -7 to 93
(°F) (20 to 200)
C1A1A
Seal Code
C2A1A
1 for ASME & ISO Pumps
Category
2 for API & ISO 13709 Pumps
Arrangement 1
A (Note 1&2)
Seal Type
API Seal Configuration 1CW-FX (Note 1& 3)
Special Materials (Note 4)
Horizontal Pumps: 11/61
Seal Flush Plan
Vertical Pumps: 13/61
without Suspended Solids
(Note 5)
Horizontal Pumps: 31/61
Seal Flush Plan
Vertical Pumps: 32/61 or 31/13/61
with Suspended Solids
(Note 6)
51 (Methanol) (Note 7)
Quench Plan / Type
65 (Level Transmitter) (Note 8&9)
Seal Leakage Detection Plan

Note1: If the pumped liquid is MTBE or gasoline containing MTBE, the seal shall be Type C
(Stationary Bellows) and the seal configuration shall be 1CW-FL.
Note 2: If approved by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, a stationary
bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in applications where
the maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs (265 psia).
Note 3: For Gasoline services up to 50°C (120°F), seal configuration shall be 1CW-FL)
Note 4: If the pumped fluid is sweet and auto-refrigerant, Nitrile elastomers shall be used.
Note 5: For vertical in-line pumps having their impellers with balance holes, Seal Flash Plan 11/61
shall be used.
Note 6: API Plan 31 shall be used only if the pump differential pressure exceeds 175 kPa (25 psi).
Otherwise, Plan 32 flush with a compatible clean liquid shall be used.
Note 7: The methanol feed system, Plan 51, is only required for pumping temperature lower than
0°C (32°F) and it is not intended to provide a continuous flow of methanol. It is used
immediately prior to start-up to prevent or eliminate icing on the atmospheric side of the
primary seal.
Note 8: Pumps in bulk plants, truck unloading pumps and lube oil pumps do not require seal leak
detection system.
Note 9: If level transmitter can not be used, level switch would be acceptable if approved by the
Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers.

Page 18 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide (cont'd)

Non-flashing Dry Hydrocarbon Services; containing up to 0.2% water by weight and


having Vapor Pressure ≤ 100 kPa abs (14.7 psia) at Pumping Temperature

Pumping Temperature 94 to 204 >204


°C (°F) (201 to 400) (>400)
C1A1A
Seal Code C2A1C
C2A1A
1 for ASME & ISO Pumps
Category 2
2 for API & ISO 13709 Pumps
Arrangement 1 1
A C; Stationary Bellows
Seal Type
(Note 1) (Notes 4)
API Seal Configuration 1CW-FX 1CW-FX
FFKM elastomers for pumping
Special Materials ---------
temperature above 149°C (300°F)
Seal Flush Plan Horizontal Pumps: 21/61 or 23/61 32
without Suspended Solids Vertical Pumps: 23/61 (Note 5)
Horizontal Pumps 32/61 or 41/61
32
with Suspended Solids Vertical Pumps 32/61 or 41/13/61
(Note 5)
(Note 2)
62 (Steam) for pumping
Quench Plan / Type 62 (Steam)
temperature above 149°C (300°F)
Seal Leakage
(Note 3&6) (Note 3&6)
Detection Plan

Note 1: If approved by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, a
stationary bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in
applications where the maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs
(265 psia).
Note 2: API Plan 41 shall be used only if the pump differential pressure exceeds 175 kPa (25 psi).
Otherwise, Plan 32 flush with a compatible clean liquid shall be used.
Note 3: For seal flush plan 32, use seal leak detection plan 65 if the flush liquid will not flash upon
leakage. Seal leak detection plan 75 shall be used if the flush liquid will flash upon seal
leakage. For seal flush plan 02, no seal leak detection is required.
Note 4: Consult CSD/REU for seal and flush selection if seal chamber pressure exceeds
1830 kPa abs (265 psia).
Note 5: Seal flush plan 02 shall be used for asphalt services and may be acceptable for crude
vacuum bottom pumps subject to review and approval by the Standards Committee
Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers.
Note 6: If level transmitter can not be used, level switch would be acceptable if approved by the
Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers

Page 19 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide (cont'd)

Flashing Dry Hydrocarbon Services; containing up to 0.2% water by weight and having
Vapor Pressure > 100 kPa abs (14.7 psia) at Pumping Temperature

Pumping Temperature -40 to 60


°C (°F) (-40 to 140)
Seal Code C2A2A
Category 2
Arrangement 2
Seal Type A (Notes 1 & 2)
API Seal Configuration 2CW-CS or 2NC-CS (Note 3)
Special Materials (Note 4)
Seal Flush Plan Horizontal Pumps: 11/61
without Suspended Solids Vertical Pumps: 13/61
Horizontal Pumps: 31/61
with Suspended Solids Vertical Pumps: 32/61
or 31/13/61 (Note 5)
Quench Plan / Type 51 (Methanol) (Note 6)
Seal Leakage Detection Plan 75 or 76 (Note 7)

Note 1: For "Gasoline" services up to 50°C (120°F), refer to seal selection guide under “
Non-flashing Dry Hydrocarbon Services; containing up to 0.2% water by weight and
having Vapor Pressure ≤ 100 kPa abs (14.7 psia) at Pumping Temperature”
Note 2: f approved by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, a stationary
bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in applications where
the maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs (265 psia).
Note 3: If a 2NC-CS seal configuration is supplied, the seal flush Plan shall be 02. 2NC-CS seals
are limited to applications above 0°C (32°F).
Note 4: If the pumped fluid is sweet and auto-refrigerant, Nitrile elastomers shall be used.
Note 5: API Plan 31 shall be used only if the pump differential pressure exceeds 175 kPa (25 psi).
Otherwise, Plan 32 flush with a compatible clean liquid shall be used.
Note 6: The methanol feed system, Plan 51, is not intended to provide a continuous flow of
methanol. It is used immediately prior to start-up to prevent or eliminate icing on the
atmospheric side of the primary seal.
Note 7: Plan 75 shall be used when the pumped fluid condenses at ambient temperature; i.e.,
NGL, HC condensates, etc.

Page 20 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide (cont'd)

Flashing Dry Hydrocarbon Services; containing up to 0.2% water by weight and having
Vapor Pressure > 100 kPa abs (14.7 psia) at Pumping Temperature

Pumping Temperature 61 to 204 >204


°C (°F) (141 to 400) (>400)
Seal Code C2A2A(Note 1&2) C2A3C (Note 7)
Category 2 2
Arrangement 2 3
A C; Stationary Bellows
Seal Type
(Note 1 & 3) (Notes 8)
API Seal Configuration 2CW-CS or 2NC-CS (Note 4) 3CW
FFKM elastomers for pumping
Special Materials -------
temperature above 149°C (300°F)
Seal Flush Plan Horizontal Pumps: 21/61 or 23/61 54
without Suspended Solids Vertical Pumps: 23/61 (Notes 9)
Horizontal Pumps: 32/61 or 41/61
54
with Suspended Solids Vertical Pumps: 32/61 or 41/13/61
(Notes 9)
(Note 5)
62 (Steam) for pumping
Quench Plan / Type None
temperature above 149°C (300°F)
Seal Leakage
75 or 76 (Note 6) 54 (Notes 9)
Detection Plan

Note 1: If the pumped liquid is MTBE or gasoline containing MTBE:


 Seal code: C2A2C
 Category 2, Arrangement 2, Type C (Stationary Bellows), Configuration 2CW-CS.
Note 2: If the liquid is at or above its autoignition temperature, the seal code shall be C2A3C with plan 54.
Note 3: If approved by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, a stationary
bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in applications where the
maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs (265 psia).
Note 4: If a 2NC-CS seal configuration is supplied, the seal flush Plan shall be 02. 2NC-CS seals are
limited to applications below 93°C (200°F).
Note 5: API Plan 41 shall be used only if the pump differential pressure exceeds 175 kPa (25 psi).
Otherwise, Plan 32 flush with a compatible clean liquid shall be used.
Note 6: Plan 75 shall be used when the pumped fluid condenses at ambient temperature; i.e., NGL,
HC condensates, etc.
Note 7: If the liquid is below its autoignition temperature, then seal code C2A2C (seal configuration
2CW-CS) with plan 32 may be used when all the following conditions are met:

The flushing system for plan 32 shall be reliable and available at all times including plant
startup,
 Economical study justifies the use of plan 32 over plan 54 taken into account the cost of
reprocessing the continuous supply of flushing fluid,
Note 8: Consult CSD/REU for seal and flush selection if seal chamber pressure exceeds 1830 kPa abs
(265 psia).
Note 9: Plan 54 shall comply with 32-SAMSS-013.

Page 21 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide (cont'd)

Wet Crude Services; containing more than 0.2% water by weight

Vapor Pressure ≤ 100 kPa Vapor Pressure > 100 kPa


abs (14.7 psia) at abs (14.7 psia) at
Pumping Temperature Pumping Temperature
Pumping Temperature <149 <149
°C (°F) (<300) (<300)
Seal Code C2A1A C2A2A
Category 2 2
Arrangement 1 2
Seal Type A (Note 1) A (Note 1)
API Seal Configuration 1CW-FX 2CW-CS
Special Materials Two hard faces (Note 4) Two hard faces (Note 4)
Horizontal Pumps: 32/61 Horizontal Pumps: 32/61
Seal Flush Plan Vertical Pumps: 32/61 Vertical Pumps: 32/61
(Note 2 & 3) (Note 2 & 3)
Quench Plan/Type None None
Seal Leakage 65 (Level Transmitter)
76 (Pressure Transmitter)
Detection Plan (Note 5)

Note 1: If approved by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, a stationary
bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in applications where
the maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs (265 psia).
Note 2: Plan 31 seal flush is acceptable for wet crude service on all Northern Area offshore
GOSPs. For Plan 32, the external source flush fluid should be dry crude.
Vertical charge and test trap pumps shall be supplied with a bleed type discharge head
bushing sized to ensure that the seal chamber is at suction pressure. For plant startup,
pumps shall be supplied with a Plan 31 in addition to Plan 32 seal flush. A check valve
shall be installed in both the Plan 31 and Plan 32 seal flush lines to prevent flushing fluid
from entering the piping system not in use.
Note 3: If an external source of combatable flush fluid is not available (usually dry crude) then the
seal specification shall be:
 Seal Code C2A3A54
 Category 2, Arrangement 3, Type A, Configuration 3CW-FB
 Seal Flush Plan 54
Note 4: Silicon Carbide versus Carbon seal face material combination might be used when:
 Saudi Aramco experience is satisfactory on using identical materials in identical
service, or
 Pump speed is not higher than 3600 RPM and it is clean crude oil service and not in a
GOSP service.
Note 5: If level transmitter can not be used, level switch would be acceptable if approved by the
Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers

Page 22 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide (cont'd)

Dry Crude Services; containing up to 0.2% water by weight

Vapor Pressure ≤ 100 kPa Vapor Pressure > 100 kPa


abs (14.7 psia) at Pumping abs (14.7 psia) at Pumping
Temperature. Temperature
Pumping Temperature <149 <149
°C (°F) (<300) (<300)
Seal Code C2A1A C2A2A
Category 2 2
Arrangement 1 2
A A
Seal Type
(Note 1) (Note 1)
API Seal Configuration 1CW-FX 2CW-CS
Special Materials Two hard faces (Note 3) Two hard faces (Note 3)
Horizontal Pumps: 31/61 Horizontal Pumps: 31/61
Seal Flush Plan Vertical Pumps: 13/61 Vertical Pumps: 13/61
(Note 2) (Note 2)
Quench Plan/Type None None
Seal Leakage 65 (Level Transmitter)
76 (Pressure Transmitter)
Detection Plan (Note 4)

Note 1: If approved by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, a stationary
bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in applications where the
maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs (265 psia).
Note 2: API Plan 31 shall be used only if the pump differential pressure exceeds 175 kPa (25 psi).
Otherwise, Plan 32 flush with a compatible clean liquid shall be used.
Note 3: Silicon Carbide versus Carbon seal face material combination might be used when:
 Saudi Aramco experience is satisfactory on using identical materials in identical service, or
 Pump speed is not higher than 3600 RPM and it is clean crude oil service and not in a
GOSP service.
Note 4: If level transmitter can not be used, level switch would be acceptable if approved by the
Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers

Page 23 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide (cont'd)


WATER SERVICES
Produced Sour Water
Brine Water (Note 5 )
Pumping Temperature All All
Seal Code C2A1A C2A2A
Category 2 2
Arrangement 1 2
A A
Seal Type
(Note 1) (Note 1)
API Seal Configuration 1CW-FX 2CW-CS
Wetted metal parts shall be
Special Materials Inconel 625, Inconel 718 or Super ---------------
Duplex
Seal Flush Plan Horizontal & Vertical Pumps: Horizontal Pumps: 11/61
Without Suspended Solids 32/61 (Note 2 ) Vertical Pumps: 13/61
Horizontal & Vertical Pumps: Horizontal Pumps: 31/61
with Suspended Solids 32/61 Vertical Pumps: 32/61 or
(Note 2 ) 31/13/61 (Note 4 )
62 (Raw water)
Quench Plan / Type None
(Note 3 )
Seal Leakage 65 (Level Transmitter)
75
Detection Plan (Note 6 )

Note 1: If approved by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, a
stationary bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in
applications where the maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs
(265 psia).
Note 2: Plan 32 flush shall be raw water or sea water without suspended solids and cooled to
60°C (140°F) or below. Flush to seal chamber shall remain on even when the pump is
idle on stand by mode. If Plan 32 is not available then an Arrangement 3 seal shall be
used; Seal Code C2A3A; Configuration 3CW-FB, Flush Plan 54or 53B. Plan 54 shall
comply with 32-SAMSS-013. Plan 53B shall comply with 31-SAMSS-012.
Note 3: Raw water quench is not intended to be continuous. Piping to be installed as a branch off
the seal flush line with a valve downstream of the tee to the quench connection.
Note 4: API Plan 31 shall be used only if the pump differential pressure exceeds 175 kPa (25 psi).
Otherwise, Plan 32 flush with a compatible clean liquid shall be used.
Note 5: Sealless pumps shall be used for this service up to 150 HP. For larger pump size,
mechanical seal shall be used.
Note 6: If level transmitter can not be used, level switch would be acceptable if approved by the
Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers.

Page 24 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide (cont'd)

WATER SERVICES

All Other Water Services


Pumping Temperature Up to 60 61-93 > 93
°C (°F) (Up to 140) (141 to 200) (>200)
C1A1A C1A1A C1A1A
Seal Code
C2A1A C2A1A C2A1A
Category 1 for ASME & 1 for ASME & 1 for ASME &
ISO Pumps ISO Pumps ISO Pumps
2 for API & 2 for API & 2 for API &
ISO 13709 Pumps ISO 13709 Pumps ISO 13709 Pumps
Arrangement 1 1 1
Seal Type A (Note 1) A (Note 1) A (Note 1)
API Seal Configuration 1CW-FX 1CW-FX 1CW-FX
Special Materials -------------- -------------- --------------
Horizontal Pumps: Horizontal Pumps: Horizontal Pumps:
Seal Flush Plan
11/61 21/61 23/61 or 32/61
without Suspended
Vertical Pumps: Vertical Pumps: Vertical Pumps: 23/61
Solids
13/61 21/61 (Note 2 ) or 32/61 (Note 2 )
Horizontal Pumps: Horizontal Pumps: Horizontal Pumps:
31/61 32/61 or 41/61 23/61 or 32/61
with Suspended Solids Vertical Pumps: Vertical Pumps: Vertical Pumps:
32/61 or 31/13/61 32/61 or 41/13/61 23/61 or 32/61
(Note 3 ) (Note 2 & 3 ) (Note 2 )
Quench Plan / Type None None None
Seal Leakage
None None None
Detection Plan

Note 1: If approved by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, a
stationary bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in
applications where the maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs
(265 psia).
Note 2: For water condensate up to 77°C (170°F), seal flush plan 11 and 13 might be used for
horizontal and vertical pumps, respectively. For other services, the heat exchanger for the
seal flush plans 21 and 23 shall be sized to maintain the flush fluid at or below 60°C
(140°F)
Note 3: API Plan 31 shall be used only if the pump differential pressure exceeds 175 kPa (25 psi).
Otherwise, Plan 32 flush with a compatible clean liquid shall be used.

Page 25 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide (cont'd)

LEAN DGA, ADIP & OTHER AMINE SERVICES


Pumping Temperature Up to 93 >93
°C (°F) (Up to 200) (>200)
C1A1A C1A1A
Seal Code
C2A1A C2A1A
1 for ASME & ISO Pumps 1 for ASME & ISO Pumps
Category 2 for API & 2 for API &
ISO 13709 Pumps ISO 13709 Pumps
Arrangement 1 1
Seal Type A (Note 1) A (Note 1)
1CW-FX 1CW-FX
API Seal Configuration

Special Materials FFKM elastomers FFKM elastomers


Horizontal Pumps: 11/61 Horizontal & Vertical
Seal Flush Plan
Vertical Pumps: 13/61 Pumps: 23/61 or 21/61
Quench Plan / Type None None
Seal Leakage
None None
Detection Plan

Note 1: Stationary bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in applications
where the maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs (265 psia).

RICH DGA, ADIP & OTHER AMINE SERVICES


Pumping Temperature Up to 93 >93
°C (°F) (Up to 200) (>200)
C2A2A C2A2A
Seal Code
Category 2 2
Arrangement 2 2
Seal Type A (Note 1) A (Note 1)
API Seal Configuration 2CW-CS 2CW-CS
Special Materials FFKM elastomers FFKM elastomers
Horizontal Pumps: 11/61 Horizontal & Vertical
Seal Flush Plan
Vertical Pumps: 13/61 Pumps: 23/61 or 21/61
Quench Plan / Type None None
Seal Leakage
75 75
Detection Plan

Note 1: Stationary bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in applications
where the maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs (265 psia).

Page 26 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide (cont'd)

GLYCOL AND TEG SERVICES


Pumping Temperature Up to 93 > 93
°C (°F) (Up to200) (> 200)
C1A1A C1A1A
Seal Code
C2A1A C2A1A
1 for ASME & ISO Pumps 1 for ASME & ISO Pumps
Category
2 for API & ISO 13709 Pumps 2 for API & ISO 13709 Pumps
Arrangement 1 1
Seal Type A (Note 1) A (Note 1)
Seal Configuration 1CW-FX 1CW-FX
FFKM elastomers for pumping
Special Materials -------- temperature above 149°C
(300°F)
Horizontal Pumps: 11/61 Horizontal & Vertical Pumps:
Seal Flush Plan
Vertical Pumps: 13/61 23/61 or 21/61
Quench Plan/Type None None
Seal Leakage Detection Plan None None

Note 1: Stationary bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in applications
where the maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs (265 psia).

CAUSTIC SERVICES
(Sealless pumps shall be used for this service up to 150 HP. For larger pump size, mechanical
seal shall be as below)
Pumping Temperature Up to 93 > 93
°C (°F) (Up to200) (> 200)
C1A1A C1A1A
Seal Code C2A1A C2A1A
1 for ASME & ISO Pumps 1 for ASME & ISO Pumps
Category 2 for API & ISO 13709 Pumps 2 for API & ISO 13709 Pumps
Arrangement 1 1
Seal Type A (Note 1) A (Note 1)
Seal Configuration 1CW-FX 1CW-FX
Special Materials Ethylene propylene elastomers FFKM elastomers
Horizontal Pumps: 11/62 Horizontal & Vertical Pumps:
Seal Flush Plan
Vertical Pumps: 13/62 23/62 or 21/62
Quench Plan/Type Water Water
Seal Leakage Detection Plan None None

Note 1: If approved by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, a stationary
bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in applications where the
maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs (265 psia).

Page 27 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 1 – Mechanical Seal Selection Guide (cont'd)

SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SERVICES


(Sealless pumps shall be used for this service up to 150 HP. For larger pump size, mechanical
seal shall be as below)
Pumping Temperature Up to 93 > 93
°C (°F) (Up to200) (> 200)
C1A1A C1A1A
Seal Code
C2A1A C2A1A
1 for ASME & ISO Pumps 1 for ASME & ISO Pumps
Category
2 for API & ISO 13709 Pumps 2 for API & ISO 13709 Pumps
Arrangement 1 1
Seal Type A (Note 1) A (Note 1)
Seal Configuration 1CW-FX 1CW-FX
Special Materials ---------- ------------
Horizontal Pumps: 11/62 Horizontal & Vertical Pumps:
Seal Flush Plan
Vertical Pumps: 13/62 23/62 or 21/62
Quench Plan/Type Water Water
Seal Leakage Detection Plan None None

Note 1: If approved by the Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, a stationary
bellows seal is an acceptable alternative to the standard Type A seal in applications where the
maximum seal chamber pressure does not exceed 1830 kPa abs (265 psia).

HORIZONTAL SULFUR PUMPS

Seal Code C2A1A


Category 2
Arrangement External seal with single coil spring
Seal Type A
Seal Configuration 1CS-FX
 Two hard faces – Silicon Carbide
Special Materials  The dynamic elastomer shall be Viton coated by Teflon.
 Other elastomers material shall be Viton.
Seal Flush Plan 02/62
Quench Plan/Type Steam
Seal Leakage Detection Plan None (Note 1)

Note 1: The drain piping shall be steam traced to the edge of the baseplate and shall be terminated with
flange.

Page 28 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

General Mechanical Seal Notes:


1. An orifice shall be provided in the seal leakage piping, downstream of the level/pressure
transmitter. The minimum orifice diameter shall be 3.2 mm (1/8 in).
2. The setting of the pressure transmitter shall be 70 kPa gauge (10 psig). If the seal leakage
piping is connected to the pressure sewer or flare header, a differential pressure transmitter
across the orifice shall be used and set at 70 kPa gauge (10 psig).
3. A time delay relay, adjustable to 30 seconds, to actuate alarm/shutdown shall be provided. This
relay shall not be included in the pump vendor's scope of supply.
4. Mechanical seal drain and vent piping shall be terminated at the baseplate edge with a flange.
5. Leakage from seals having throttle bushings shall be hard piped to the gravity sewer. Leakage
from seals having auxiliary dry running backup seals shall be hard piped to either the pressure
sewer or the flare header. A check valve shall be installed downstream of the orifice to prevent
flow from the pressure sewer or the flare header into the seal chamber. For pumps provided with
dual seals, the valve high point connection of the buffer fluid system shall be hard piped to the
pressure sewer or the flare header. This piping requirement shall not be included in the pump
vendor's scope of supply.
6. The surface of shaft sleeves shall be overlaid under the dynamic secondary sealing elastomers
in contact with the pumped liquid. The overlay shall be of a wear resistant material such as
Stellite and , tungsten carbide.
7. With the exception of seal springs bellows, all process wetted metal components of seals shall
be of the following materials:

Fluid Service Seal Material


Produced brine water Inconel 625, Inconel 718 or Super Duplex
Seawater UNS S 31254, UNS S 39276, Hastelloy C276 & C4,
Monel, Super Duplex or Duplex.
Raw (aquifer) water 904L, Super Duplex or Duplex.
Wet crude service 904L or Super Duplex.
All other services 316 L SS

Metal parts not in contact with the medium pumped shall be 316 SS.
Seal springs shall be of Hastelloy C-276, C4, C22 or equivalent ASTM material
If bellows seals are provided, the bellows material shall be Inconel 625 or 718.

Page 29 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 2 – Pump Metallurgy Application Guide

Material Code
Horizontal and Vertically
Temperature
Vertical In- Suspended
Range
Line Pumps
°C (°F)
Pumps
(1)
Dry Hydrocarbon Service
< 0 (< 32) HK VK
Sweet
0 to 400 (32 to 750) HKA2 VKA
0 to 285 (32 to 550) HKA4 VKA1
Sour
> 285 (> 550) HSX VSX
(2)
Wet Hydrocarbon Service
Sweet All HKA4 VKA1
0 to 285 (32 to 550) HKA4 VKA1
Sour
> 285 (> 550) HSX VSX
Water Services
Condensate Water,
All HKA2 VKA
Treated Cooling Water
 93 ( 200) HKA4 VKA1
Boiler Feed Water
> 93 (> 200) HSX VSX
Drinking Water All HFB1 VFB1
Raw and Sea Water All HSI VSI
Produced Brine Water All HSZ VSZ
Sour Water, All HSI VSI
Demineralized Water
Domestic Sewage All HFB1 or HSI VFB1 or VSI
Sump Oil/Water Mixture All HSI VSI
Other Fluids
Molten Sulfur All HKA4 VSI
Amine and Glycol All HSI VSI
Acid and Chemicals All (3) (3)

Notes:
(1) Up to 0.2% water by weight.
(2) Greater than 0.2% water by weight.
(3) The Standards Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers shall be consulted regarding
selection of specific material grades.

Page 30 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Table 3 – Test Requirements for Centrifugal Pumps (1)

Manufacturer ASME, ISO


31-SAMSS-004
Standard & Sealless
Hydrotest
Witnessed No No Yes
(3)
Certified No Yes Yes
(5)
Running/Performance
(2)
Witnessed No No Yes
(3)
Certified No Yes Yes
(4)
NPSH Testing
(2)
Witnessed No No Yes
(3) (6) (6)
Certified No Yes Yes

Notes:
(1) These test requirements apply only to pumps supplied by Vendors known to the Buyer.
Pumps ordered from new sources shall be fully witness tested and inspected except for
manufacturer standard pumps.
(2) If more than one pump on the same Purchase Order of identical type, design and design
conditions are presented for inspection as a lot, the test requirements shall be as follows:
a. For high energy pumps, as defined by API STD 610, all pumps shall be fully witness
tested.
b. For low energy pumps, one pump, selected at random shall be fully witness tested. The
remaining pumps shall be fully shop tested and test certificates shall be provided;
(3) All tests for pumps in firewater and molten sulfur services shall be certified.
(4) Open pit sump pumps require a minimum submergence test in lieu of an NPSH test. Sea
water intake pumps shall be tested for both NPSH and minimum submergence.
(5) All certified and witnessed pump performance/running tests shall be conducted using
calibrated drivers.
(6) NPSHR testing shall be performed for all high energy pumps, as defined in API STD 610
paragraph 5.1.17 and on all pumps where the NPSH margin (NPSHA over NPSHR) at 120%
of the rated flow is less than 3 feet.

Page 31 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Appendix A – Centrifugal Pump Selection Guide N


Driver ≤ 37 KW
(50 HP) in Domestic START HERE
Sheet 1 of 2, Attachment to SAES-G-005 sewage or community
water?

Hydrocarbon Service? Y Go to Y
Sheet 2

N Y
Rich Amine/DGA Amine, DGA & TEG
Service ? Service?

Y
N
Y Domestic sewage or
sewage effluent service?

Y SAES-G-005 compliance is not


Sulfur Service? required. If self priming pump type is
used, the following shall apply:
• Suction lift shall not be
more than 6 meters (20 feet).
N • Automatic air release valve or
PUMP SHALL COMPLY continuous bleed with orifice
WITH NFPA 20 & Y shall be provided upstream the
SAES-B-017 OR B-009 Fire Water Service? check valve in the discharge piping.
(refer to SAES-G-005
Para 4.1.1.1)
N

Y Y
Driver nameplate is less Caustic, acid or sour
than or equal to 110 KW water service?
(150 HP)?
N N

PUMP SHALL BE
Y Space limitation Y
SEALLESS TYPE Driver nameplate
(refer to SAES-G-005 exceeds 250 HP? does not permit Horizontal
Para 4.1.1.6) installation?

N N
Between Suction conditions Y
Y Y
bearing single stage or vertical prohibit the use of horizontal
suspended pump Utility Water Service?
pump?
type?
N N N

Y
Discharge Pressure
exceeds 275 psig?

Y VERTICAL IN-LINE
Suction Pressure PUMP COMPLYING
exceeds 75 psig? WITH
31-SAMSS-004

Liquid Y
Space limitation Y Temp. less than 32 or VERTICAL SUSPENDED
does not Permit Horizontal higher than 250°F? OR DOUBLE CASING
PUMP COMPLYING
installation?
WITH 31-SAMSS-004
N
N
Liquid Vapor Y
Suction conditions Press ≥ 30 psia @ max.
prohibit the use of horizontal Operating temp? HORIZONTAL PUMP
pump?
COMPLYING WITH
N 31-SAMSS-004
Use vertical N
lined shaft
Pump type Y
Driver nameplate exceeds
110 kW (150 HP)? API
N

HORIZONTAL END
PUMP SHALL BE VERTICAL IN-LINE
SUCTION PUMP
VENDOR PUMP COMPLYING
COMPLYING WITH
STANDARD WITH ASME B73.2
ASME B73.1,
DESIGN OR ISO 5199
ISO 2858 & ISO 5199
ASME/ISO Page 32 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Appendix A – Centrifugal Pump Selection Guide


Sheet 2 of 2, Attachment to SAES-G-005

From N
Lube Oil Service?
Sheet 1

Y Suction lift is more


Open Sump Service? Y Y
than 20 ft?

N N

N
Horizontal Self-Priming pump N
Driver nameplate exceeds
can meet the operating conditions?
110 kW (150 HP)?

Y
Y
Y
Discharge Pressure
Vertically
exceeds 275 psig? Y
suspended pumps in oily water
or storm water services ?

Y N
Suction Pressure exceeds
75 psig? PUMP SHALL BE
HORIZONTAL SELF-
PRIMING TO
N VENDOR STANDARD
DESIGN
Y
Driver nameplate exceeds
110 kW (150 HP)?

Y
Liquid Temp. less than 32
or higher than 150°F?

Y Liquid Vapor
Press ≥ 25 psia at max.
operating temp Deg. F?

Space limitation Y
does not permit Horizontal
installation?

Y Suction conditions Y
Space limitation prohibit the use of horizontal
does not permit Horizontal pump?
installation?

ASME/ISO N N API
VERTICAL IN-LINE VERTICAL SUSPENDED VERTICAL SUSPENDED
PUMP HORIZONTAL END WITH DISCHARGE WITH DISCHARGE
HORIZONTAL PUMP VERTICAL IN-LINE PUMP
COMPLYING WITH SUCTION PUMP THROUGH THE COLUMN THROUGH THE
COMPLYING WITH COMPLYING WITH
ASME B73.2 COMPLYING WITH OR DOUBLE CASING COLUMN DESIGN TO
31-SAMSS-004 31-SAMSS-004
OR ISO 5199 ASME B73.1, PUMP COMPLYING VENDOR STANDARD
ISO 2858 and ISO 5199 WITH 31-SAMSS-004 DESIGN

Page 33 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Appendix B – Typical Drawing of Bleed Bushing Design


Attachment to SAES-G-005, 21 July 2009

Page 34 of 35
Document Responsibility: Pumps, Seals and Mixers SAES-G-005
Issue Date: 28 July 2009
Next Planned Update: 28 July 2014 Centrifugal Pumps

Appendix C – Minimum Flow Recycle Requirement Guide


Sheet 1 of 1, Attachment to SAES-G-005

Yes
Pump rated HP  1000

No

Yes Boiler Feed Water Yes


Pump rated HP  250 or Services with
S.G. < 0.6 Yes
No
No

Potential of Yes Two Pumps or more


Low Flow *? continuously running in Yes
parallel?

No
No

No Recycle Line Design for Common Design for


Required Recycle Line Individual
Recycle Lines

(*) Recycle line is required to protect the pump if there is a potential for running below the minimum
continuous stable flow due to process conditions or due to difference in running speeds for pumps
running in parallel.

General Notes:
(1) When a minimum recycle line is specified for pumps with driver rating more than 50 HP, the recycle
line shall have a control valve. For pumps with diver rating less than 50 HP, a minimum flow control
orifice may be used if it is justified economically and is concurred to by the Standard Committee
Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers.
(2) The requirement for minimum flow recycle may be waived, subject to concurrence by the operating
department and the Standard Committee Chairman; Pumps, Seals and Mixers, when all of the
following conditions are met:
a) There is no process need or potential of running at low flow
b) Operational requirements are flexible enough to permit process interruption and pump shutdown
c) The recycle line is not needed to start-up or switch-over the pumps
d) Adequate pump protection is provided to shutdown the pump at low flow conditions.
(3) Low lift pumps and other pumps on un-pressurized service, do not require minimum flow recycle lines.
(4) This appendix represents the minimum standard requirement. If the process conditions require the use
of individual recycle lines, then individual recycle lines shall be provided even if this does not meet the
above flowchart.

Page 35 of 35