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Paul College Pasig

High School Department
Practical Research 1
SY 2018 - 2019

Name: ALLENBY, Keisha Therese C. Section: XI-6 (Our Lady of Lourdes)

Directions: Search for an interesting article on a research related to your field of study (STEMS, HUMSS, A&D,
ABM). Read the article and complete the Article Summary Worksheet. Remember to staple a copy of the article to
the worksheet.


Author/s: Göran BW Söderlund, Sverker Sikström, Jan M Loftesnes & Edmund J Sonuga-Barke

 Title of Article: The effects of background white noise on memory performance in inattentive school children
 Name of magazine, newspaper, website, etc.
 Date article was published: September 29,2010
 Page number/URL (if digital):
 COMPLETE APA Citation:

Sikström, S., Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Loftesnes, J. M., & Soderlund, G. B. W. (2010, September 29). The effects
of background white noise on memory performance in inattentive school children. Retrieved from


 Briefly state the main idea or thesis presented in this article:

The main goal of this experiment was to see how background white noise would affect the performance of
both attentive and inattentive secondary school pupils. In the experiment, fifty-one secondary school pupils
were to carry out an episodic verbal free recall test in two noise conditions, known as high noise and low
noise conditions. In the high noise condition, verb-noun sentences were presented during auditory
background noise (otherwise known as white noise, at a sound level of 78 dB), and in the low noise
condition sentences were presented without noise.

 Summarize the most important information, ideas, facts, etc, presented in this article:

From this article, it was stated how noise is usually conceived of as being harmful for intellectual performance;
however, a recent computational model based on the concepts of stochastic resonance and dopamine-related
internal noise states that a moderate amount of auditive noise would benefit individuals in hypodopaminergic
states. Given that information, the Authors predicted that the performance of inattentive children would be
enhanced by adding background white noise while attentive children's performance would deteriorate.

After the experimental procedure was carried out, it was seen to it that exposure to background noise had
indeed improved the performance for inattentive children while worsened the performance for attentive children;

Worksheet #1: Exploring Fields of Research

it was also observed and addressed how the experiment had eliminated episodic memory differences between
attentive and inattentive school children.


 Why did you select the article?

Firstly, I decided to focus on the Biomedical and Health Sciences or BMED out of the numerous ISEF
categories given that relate to my STEM strand, and while browsing for research papers I could both read
and learn from, I came across this article which automatically caught my attention. I decided to focus on
this topic as I haven’t seen many papers that focused on this area of research, though it may be a more or
less area of common knowledge, as well as because I was very drawn to the content and data that had
been presented in the paper.

 What was the most surprising/interesting idea that you gained after reading this article?
The most interesting piece of data or idea that I had gained after reading my chosen article would be how
background white noise improves the performance of inattentive pupils, while on the other hand worsens
the performance of attentive pupils. This intrigued me as I would’ve initially thought that background noise
would affect both attentive and inattentive pupils, not improve the performance of inattentive pupils and
worsen the performance of attentive pupils.

 What question/s do you have after reading this article? What would you like to learn more

After reading this article, a main question I formulated would be “how does the mind process background
white noise and take it as a good signal to improve one’s performance?”. As it was stated how the noise
improved inattentive students’ performances while worsened attentive students’ performances, I would like
to further understand how it manages to improve the performance of a student who is already not paying
attention, as noise would usually distract pupils further instead of improve their performances. I would like
to learn more about how the brain processes the noise and how it takes the noise and decides to either
work with it to make the students productive, or take the noise and decides to work against it and clash so
the students will not be productive but instead be zoned out and distracted.

 Do you believe that this topic would be a good research topic for your senior high school
capstone project? Why or why not?

Personally, I do not believe that this topic would be a good research topic for my senior high school
capstone project. This would be because I find that this topic would be too short and too straightforward to
be a main topic for a capstone project; I would be able to find enough data in a short period of time to
answer the questions that would come with this topic, and I believe that there are many other interesting
topics for a capstone project that could be further looked into and have additional information gathered from
other sources as compared to this topic, which wouldn’t have as much information that could be gathered
from different sources. Though I chose this article as the main topic for this worksheet, it would be because
the data was complete and included already, as well as how I found it very interesting and related to my

Worksheet #1: Exploring Fields of Research

STEM strand; but for a capstone project, I would rather prefer a more uncommon topic to touch on and
that could be potentially discussed or continued further, so I could learn more and be able to explain my
research more thoroughly as compared to if I decided to use this topic for my capstone project.

Worksheet #1: Exploring Fields of Research