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*Batchim Rule = ㄷ,ㅌ,ㅈ,ㅅ,ㅆ,ㅊ,ㅎ = “t”

이/가 This particle is added to the end of a subject to designate it as the subject of the sentence. For
words that finish with a vowel, 가 is added, and for words that end with a consonant, 이 is added.
은/는 comes after the subject like 이/가, but it is used when the speaker wants to talk about or
explain the main idea, topic, or issue of discussion. When words end with vowels, 는 is added, and
when words end in consonants, 은 is added.
Object particle has two forms as well. 을 after a word ending in a consonant, and 를 after a word
ending in a vowel.
The particle -에 (-e) can be used to indicate the time at which an action takes place.
에 [e] = (at, to) can be used to mark a location, a time, a situation, and many other things
에서 [e-seo] = (at, in, from) 1. a location where an action is taking place (ex. I studied in the
library. / I met my friends in Seoul.) 2. the meaning of “from” a place (ex. I came from Seoul. / This
package came from Spain.)
*Conjugation *Numbers

밥을 먹고 있어요 - I'm eating rice

학교에 갔어요 - he went to school.
비가 올 거에요 - It will probably rain


1.누구 Who what + object marker when
2.누가 Who 8.무얼 14.얼마나
who + subject marker something + object marker how many
3.누굴 9.어느 how much
who + object marker which (kind of) 15.왜
4.어떤 10.어느 것 why
which (one) which (thing) 16.어째서
what (kind of) 11.어디 why
5.무슨 where 17.웬일
what (kind of)~ 12.어느 쪽 for what reason
(not clear what exactly which side 18.어떻게
but) something which way how
6.무엇 what in what way
오후 열한 시 반 에요.
KOREAN TIME Ohu yeolhanshi ban aeyo.
몇 시예요? At 11:30pm.

오전 열시 에요.
Ojeon yeulshi aeyo.
At 10am.

오후 두시 에요.
Ohu dushi aeyo.
At 2pm.