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UL Standard for Safety


for

Low-Voltage Fuses — Part 8: Class J Fuses, UL 248-8

First Edition, Dated October 1, 1994

Revisions: This file contains revisions through and including February 6, 1996.

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Copyright 1996 Underwriters Laboratories Inc.


This Standard consists of pages dated as shown in the following checklist:

Page Date

1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . October 1, 1994 (Reprinted February 6, 1996)


2 .................................................................................... —
3 — 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . October 1, 1994
Canadian Standards Association Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8-94 UL 248-8
First Edition First Edition

LOW-VOLTAGE FUSES
PART 8: CLASS J FUSES

October 1, 1994

(Reprinted: February 6, 1996)

ANSI/UL 248-8-1995
Commitment for Amendments

This Standard is issued jointly by Underwriters Laboratories Incorporated and Canadian Standards Association.
Amendments to this Standard will be made only after processing according to the Standards writing procedures
by both Underwriters Laboratories Incorporated and Canadian Standards Association.

Approval as an American National Standard


(ANSI) covers the numbered paragraphs on pages
dated October 1, 1994. These pages should not
be discarded when revised or additional pages are
issued if it is desired to retain the ANSI approved
text.

Approved as ANSI/UL 248-8-1995,


October 6, 1995

ISSN 0317— 5669 ISBN 1— 55989— 664— 7

Copyright © 1994 Canadian Standards Copyright © 1994, 1996 Underwriters


Association. All rights reserved. No part of Laboratories Inc.
this publication may be reproduced in any
form, in an electronic retrieval system or
otherwise, without the prior permission of
the publisher.
October 1, 1994 Class J Fuses CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8 ‚ UL 248-8 3

Contents
Page

Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Foreword (CSA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Foreword (UL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

4 Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

5 Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.2 Voltage rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.3 Current rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.5 Interrupting rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.6 Peak let-through current and clearing I2t characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

7 Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
7.1 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

8 Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
8.2 Verification of temperature rise and current-carrying capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
8.3 Verification of overload operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
8.4 Verification of operation at rated voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
8.5 Verification of peak let-through current and clearing I2t characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Note: For Clauses not shown above, refer to the Standard for Low-Voltage Fuses — Part 1: General
Requirements, CSA-C22.2 No. 248.1 ‚ UL 248-1.
4 Class J Fuses CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8 ‚ UL 248-8 October 1, 1994

Preface
This is the common UL and CSA Standard for Low-Voltage Fuses — Part 8: Class J Fuses. This is the first
edition of UL 248-8, and the first edition of CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8-94.

This common Standard was prepared by Underwriters Laboratories Inc., Canadian Standards Association, and
the fuse industry of both the USA and Canada.

This Standard was reviewed by the CSA Subcommittee of the Technical Committee on Industrial Products
under the jurisdiction of the CSA Standards Steering Committee on the Canadian Electrical Code, Part II, and
was approved by these committees.

This Standard will be submitted to the Standards Council of Canada for publication as a National Standard of
Canada.

Note: Although the intended primary application of this Standard is stated in its scope, it is important to note that
it remains the responsibility of the users of the Standard to judge its suitability for their purpose.

UL Effective Date

As of October 1, 1994 all Class J fuses Listed or Recognized by UL must comply with the requirements in the
Standard for Low-Voltage Fuses — Part 1: General Requirements and this Standard.

CSA Effective Date

The effective date for CSA will be announced through either a CSA Informs or Certification Notice.
October 1, 1994 Class J Fuses CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8 ‚ UL 248-8 5

Foreword (CSA)
Certification organizations, as accredited by the Standards Council of Canada, have their own criteria and
procedures for certification services. The following paragraphs define CSA Certification policies.

The Canadian Standards Association provides certification services for manufacturers who, under license from
CSA, wish to use the appropriate registered CSA Marks on certain products of their manufacture to indicate
conformity with CSA Standards.

CSA Certification for a number of products is provided in the interest of maintaining agreed-upon standards
of quality, performance, interchangeability and/or safety, as appropriate. Where applicable, certification may
form the basis for acceptance by inspection authorities responsible for enforcement of regulations. Where
feasible, programs will be developed for additional products for which certification is desired by producers,
consumers or other interests.

In performing its functions in accordance with its objectives, CSA does not assume or undertake to discharge
any responsibility of the manufacturer or any other party. The opinions and findings of the Association represent
its professional judgement given with due consideration to the necessary limitations of practical operation and
state of the art at the time the Standard is processed.

Products in substantial accord with this Standard but which exhibit a minor difference or a new feature may
be deemed to meet the Standard providing the feature or difference is found acceptable utilizing appropriate
CSA Certification Division Operating Procedures. Products which comply with this Standard shall not be
certified if they are found to have additional features which are inconsistent with the intent of this Standard.
Products shall not be certifiable if they are discovered to contravene applicable Federal laws or regulations.

Testing techniques, test procedures and instrumentation frequently must be prescribed by the CSA
Certification Division in addition to the technical requirements contained in Standards of CSA. In addition to
markings specified in the Standard the CSA Certification and Testing Division may require special cautions,
markings and instructions that are not specified by the Standard.

Some tests required by CSA Standards may be inherently hazardous. The Association neither assumes nor
accepts any responsibility for any injury or damage that may occur during or as the result of tests, wherever
performed, whether performed in whole or in part by the manufacturer or the Association, and whether or not
any equipment, facility or personnel for or in connection with the test is furnished by the manufacturer or the
Association.

Manufacturers should note that, in the event of the failure of the CSA Certification and Testing Division to
resolve an issue arising from the interpretation of requirements, there is an appeal procedure: the complainant
should submit the matter, in writing, to the Secretary of the Canadian Standards Association.

If this Standard is to be used in obtaining CSA Certification please remember, when making application for
certification, to request all current Amendments, Bulletins, Notices and Technical Information Letters that may
be applicable and for which there may be nominal charge. For such information or for further information
concerning details about CSA Certification please address your inquiry to the Applications and Records Section,
Canadian Standards Association, 178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale (Toronto), Ontario M9W 1R3.
6 Class J Fuses CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8 ‚ UL 248-8 October 1, 1994
October 1, 1994 Class J Fuses CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8 ‚ UL 248-8 7

Foreword (UL)
A. This Standard contains basic requirements for products covered by Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL)
under its Follow-Up Service for this category within the limitations given below and in the Scope section of this
Standard. These requirements are based upon sound engineering principles, research, records of tests and
field experience, and an appreciation of the problems of manufacture, installation, and use derived from
consultation with and information obtained from manufacturers, users, inspection authorities, and others having
specialized experience. They are subject to revision as further experience and investigation may show is
necessary or desirable.

B. The observance of the requirements of this Standard by a manufacturer is one of the conditions of the
continued coverage of the manufacturer's product.

C. A product which complies with the text of this Standard will not necessarily be judged to comply with the
Standard if, when examined and tested, it is found to have other features which impair the level of safety
contemplated by these requirements.

D. A product employing materials or having forms of construction differing from those detailed in the
requirements of this Standard may be examined and tested according to the intent of the requirements and,
if found to be substantially equivalent, may be judged to comply with the Standard.

E. UL, in performing its functions in accordance with its objectives, does not assume or undertake to discharge
any responsibility of the manufacturer or any other party. The opinions and findings of UL represent its
professional judgment given with due consideration to the necessary limitations of practical operation and state
of the art at the time the Standard is processed. UL shall not be responsible to anyone for the use of or reliance
upon this Standard by anyone. UL shall not incur any obligation or liability for damages, including consequential
damages, arising out of or in connection with the use, interpretation of or reliance upon this Standard.

F. Many tests required by the Standards of UL are inherently hazardous and adequate safeguards for
personnel and property shall be employed in conducting such tests.
8 Class J Fuses CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8 ‚ UL 248-8 October 1, 1994
October 1, 1994 Class J Fuses CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8 ‚ UL 248-8 9

Low-Voltage Fuses — Part 8 Class J Fuses

1 General

Note: This Part is intended to be read together with the Standard for Low-Voltage Fuses — Part 1: General
Requirements, hereafter referred to as Part 1. The numbering of the Clauses in this Part corresponds to like
numbered Clauses in Part 1. The requirements of Part 1 apply unless modified by this Part.

1.1 Scope

This Part applies to Class J fuses rated 600 A or less and 600 V ac. DC ratings are optional.

4 Classification

Class J Fuses are non-renewable and current-limiting with an interrupting rating of 200,000 A. Class J fuses
are divided into six body sizes with the maximum current rating In for each size specified in this Part. Time-delay
ratings are optional.

5 Characteristics

5.2 Voltage rating

For AC, the rating shall be 600 V ac.


The DC voltage rating may be different from the AC rating.

5.3 Current rating

Refer to Figure A for range of current ratings in each body size.

5.5 Interrupting rating

For AC — 200,000 A
For DC, the preferred ratings are 10,000, 20,000, 50,000, 100,000, 150,000, or 200,000 A.

5.6 Peak let-through current and clearing I2t characteristics

Maximum values of peak let-through current and clearing I2t are given in Table A.
10 Class J Fuses CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8 ‚ UL 248-8 October 1, 1994

Table A — Maximum peak let-through current


and clearing I2t for Class J fuses

Between threshold and 50 kA At 100 kA At 200 kA

Peak let- I2t, Peak let- I2t, Peak let- I2t,


Current through ampere- through ampere- through ampere-
rating In, current, squared current, squared current, squared
A A seconds A seconds A seconds

1 1000 800
3 1500 1200
6 2300 2000
10 3300 3000
15 4000 4000
20 5000 5000
25 6000 5500
30 6,000 7,000 7500 7000 12,000 7000
35 7500 12,000
40 8000 17,000
45 8500 18,000
50 9000 22,000
60 8,000 30,000 10,000 30,000 16,000 30,000
70 11,500 50,000
80 12,500 60,000
90 13,500 75,000
100 12,000 60,000 14,000 80,000 20,000 80,000
110 14,500 100,000
125 15,500 150,000
150 17,000 175,000
175 18,500 225,000
200 16,000 200,000 20,000 300,000 30,000 300,000
225 22,500 350,000
250 24,000 450,000
300 26,000 600,000
350 29,000 800,000
400 25,000 1,000,000 30,000 1,100,000 45,000 1,100,000
450 36,000 1,500,000
500 42,000 2,000,000
600 35,000 2,500,000 45,000 2,500,000 70,000 2,500,000
October 1, 1994 Class J Fuses CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8 ‚ UL 248-8 11

7 Construction

7.1 Dimensions

Fuse dimensions are shown in Figure A.

Figure A — Dimensions of Class J fuses in mm (in)a

Ferrule Type: 0 — 60 A Knife-Blade Type: 61 — 600 A

Outside Distance
Minimum diameter and between Distance from Length
length of maximum centers end of blade of
Current Overall ferrules dimension over Width of Thickness of of to center of Width Length tubular
rating I , A length or blades projection blades blades slots slot of slot of slot portion
n
a b a a a a a a a a,c
A B C D E F G H I J

1 — 30 57.1 12.7 20.6


(2.25) (.500) (.812)
31 — 60 60.3 15.9 27.0
(2.37) (.625) (1.06)
61 — 100 118 24.6 28.6 19.1 3.18 92.1 12.7 7.14 9.52 66.7
(4.62) ( .97) (1.13) (.750) (.125) (3.62) (.500) (.281) (.375) (2.62)
101 — 200 146 34.1 41.3 28.6 4.78 111 17.5 7.14 9.52 76.2
(5.75) (1.34) (1.63) (1.13) (.188) (4.38) (0.69) (.281) (.375) (3.0)
201 — 400 181 46.8 54.0 41.3 6.35 133 23.8 10.3 13.5 85.7
(7.12) (1.84) (2.13) (1.63) (.250) (5.25) (0.94) (.406) (.531) (3.37)
401 — 600 203 53.2 66.7 50.8 9.52 152 25.4 13.5 17.5 95.2
(8.00) (2.09) (2.63) (2.00) (.375) (6.00) (1.00) (.531) (.688) (3.75)
a
Tolerances:
Column A: 0 — 60 A, ±0.8 mm (±0.03 in)
Column A: 61 — 600 A, ±2.4 mm (±0.09 in)
Column C: 0 — 60 A, ±0.20 mm (±0.008 in); 61 — 600A, dimension is maximum
Column D: ±0.89 mm (±0.035 in)
Column E: ±0.08 mm (±0.003 in)
Column F: ±1.6 mm (±0.06 in)
Column G: ±0.8 mm (±0.03 in)
Column H: ±0.13 mm (±0.005 in)
Column I: +1.5 mm, -0.00 mm (+0.062 in, -0.000 in)
Column J: ±0.8 mm (±0.03 in)
b
The effective length, B, of the blade is measured from the blade end to the fuse body or other acceptable interference means, such as pins through the
blades, a collar, or the like.
c
The length of the cylindrical body may be less than the indicated value if other acceptable interference means such as pins through the blades or collars
are provided to prevent mounting the fuse in a fuseholder that will accommodate a fuse rated in the next lower bracket of current ratings.
12 Class J Fuses CSA-C22.2 No. 248.8 ‚ UL 248-8 October 1, 1994

8 Tests

8.2 Verification of temperature rise and current-carrying capacity

1.0 In — Temperature rise


1.1 In — Current-carrying capacity, Inf

8.2.3.1 Fuses rated 600 A or less

In addition to the requirements in Part 1: At the conclusion of the temperature rise test, the test current shall
be increased without interruption to 1.1 In for a period of not less than 15 min for fuses rated 1 — 200 A and
not less than 30 min for fuses rated 201 — 600 A. Temperature is not to be monitored during this time.

8.2.4 Acceptability of test results

The maximum temperature rise shall not exceed the following:

Body — 95EC;
Contacts — #100 A: 55EC; >100 A: 75EC.

8.3 Verification of overload operation

Part 1, Table 4
Test 1 — 1.35 In
Test 3 — 2.0 In
Test 5 — 5.0 In for time-delay fuses only

8.4 Verification of operation at rated voltage

For AC — Part 1, Table 5


Test 1 — 200 kA
Test 2 — Maximum energy
Test 3 — Threshold ratio. The maximum threshold ratio shall be 30.
Test 4a — 100 kA
Test 4b — 50 kA
Test 5b — 2.0 In

Peak let-through current and clearing I2t recorded during tests 1, 4a, and 4b.

For DC (optional) — Part 1, Table 6


Test 1 — Interrupting rating
Test 2 — Maximum energy
Test 5a — 9.0 In for time-delay fuses only
Test 5c — 2.0 In

8.5 Verification of peak let-through current and clearing I2t characteristics

8.5.3 Acceptability of test results

In addition to the requirements in Part 1: Peak let-through current and clearing I2t values recorded shall not
exceed the limits specified in Table A.