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1. World mining contribution to the climate crisis.

 set up a dedicated climate change program covering three program focus areas:
national climate policies and competiveness, develop GHG emission reduction
strategies and implement economic emissions. like the Lihir Newcrest gold mine in
Papua New Guinea draws most of its energy from geothermal sources.
2. World mining contribution to the world pollution.
 reusable, re-manufactured, or recycled, the mining industry can begin to reduce its
impact on an international scale. recycling of mine wastes is the practice that
extracts new. valuable resource ingredients, or uses the waste as feedstock and
converts the entire mine waste into a new valuable.
product or application with some reprocessing
3. Mining activities wearing suspected of polluting the river also damage the habitat in
Mount and local people poisoned.
 Mining companies must accurately report the amount discharged to the
environment. Supervising a mining plant is a waste of management and providing
penalties for those who do not comply with regulations. mountains and rivers are
important natural resources for human life. if there is damage caused by the mining
industry to them, then, it means that there is an over-extraction of natural resources
or there is an error in its management. because of that, Nepal delegates provide
solutions to supervise mining that is running or post-mining to deposit data on
natural resource extraction and damage that occurs annually.
4. Making foreign companies to comply to the local standard.
 Create agreement or MOU with foreign companies that will allocate their CSR that
favourable to the local communities. why make an agreement? so that neither side
feels disadvantaged, both the country that is being mined by the mine or the mining
company that is cooperating with our country. for example, a company may mine all
areas that have been agreed with post mining conditions, the company will be
responsible for carrying out revegetation (replanting)
5. Foreign companies compliance to local standard in doing mining activities.
 making agreements to be responsible for post-mining and making mining reports
annually, for example the MOU, as in Nepal. Nepal made a law that is not allowed to
explore in the first ten to thirty years of more than 25 square kilometres. And also
must have mining licenses and mining data. With regulations like this, Nepal has
tried to reduce the damage in mining areas.(BUAT NEPAL)
 making agreements to be responsible for post-mining and making mining reports
annually, for example the MOU, as in philipphines. the Philippines policy that
oversees the mining industry is an environmental report, for example, every
company should give their report during exploration of the mining industry, so the
government can oversee the entire activities that do not comply with environmental
protection standard. The mandatory license should be acquired to have mining
permission.(BUAT PHILIPPHINES).
6. Responsible actors/entities on the damages of mining industrion to natural
resources.
 Mining factory either local or foreign for the bad management factory operation and
also government in lack of creating strict regulation protecting the environment. As
we know, pre-mining agreements such as the MOU function to anticipate losses on
both sides of the country being visited or companies that are mining. if there is a
technical error that occurs when mining activities take place then surely, there is a
party that violates the provisions made earlier. therefore the impact of mining is a
big responsibility for the state government and the mining company.
7. Efforts that foreign companies can do to restore the environment.
 devise or make use of more innovative solutions and cleaner technologies
 dump leaching (similar to heap leaching) is reprocessing of mine waste for residual
metals
8. Providing traditional greens to restore past-mining activities.
 planting local plants can absorb acidic or harmful substances that are still contained
in post-mining soils.
9. The possible contribution of 3rd parties (UNEP). reseach
10. Ensuring that the activists or NGO can safely conduct supervision.
 the government provides protection in the form of a health insurance guarantee for
worker safety. In this case, the delegate of Nepal conduct health insurance to
guarantee every NGO’s to oversee the damage from mining industry. so that NGOs
and activities are safe from risks that might occur to workers, so that NGOs feel safe
to oversee mining in our country, and we also will not be blamed when there was a
fatality with the NGOs.
11. Providing a joint research and efforts to rehabilitate post-mining zone.
12. The standard of restored or rehabilitated post-mining zone
 planting post-mining land with plants to absorb acidic substances and poisons in the
soil. As we know reclamation is an activity carried out throughout the stages of the
mining business to organize, restore, and improve the quality of the environment
and ecosystem so that it can function again in accordance with its purpose. Several
environmental reclamation efforts that can be carried out are as follows.
Revegetation of Local Plants with Phytoremediation techniques, With this technique,
the content of pollutants in Acid Mine Water can be reduced by absorption of heavy
metals through plant roots.
13. The aspects that need to be standardized internationally in mining activities
14. Possible solution with territory effector by the damage of mining industry
 water in the Philippines is contaminated with mercury. so it spread into the river.
and ask we know river is a water source for the community, so it causing (water
crisis). so the delegate of Philippine wants to tackle the demage and provide a
solution about minimizing water polluted with mercury and water crisis. make water
filtration and Extending Dam Infrastructures, to accelerate the utilization of
hydroelectric power projects, the immediate construction of hydroelectric dams
must be implemented. The dam has multiple purposes, such as reservoirs for the
daily water need of households, agricultural irrigation, flood control, and recreation.
(PHILIPPHINES)
 the river is one source of life for the people of Nepal. while in Nepal there was
ecological damage to the river caused by sand mining. sand that continues to orange
will have an impact on river systems that are not operating properly. so the
delegation from Nepal wanted to provide a solution for the sustainability of life
resources in Nepal. which is working on sand in areas far from residential areas. if far
from human settlements, the river is not used for the survival of the population.
(NEPAL)

The delegate of Nepal would like to propouse a motion to discuss (mining) for seven
delegates for sixty second for speaking time (TIME BACK TO THE CHAIR)