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Topic 1: Foundations of ESS

1.1 Environmental 1.2 Systems and


value systems models

Paper 1 1, 3, 4, 11,

Paper 2 2a, 2b, 3a, 3c, 3d


Mayo

Paper 3
2005
Paper 1 1, 2
Paper 2
Noviembre
Paper 3

Paper 1 1, 3, 4, 25
Mayo Paper 2 4a, 4b
Paper 3 A1a
Paper 1 3, 4, 16
2006
Paper 2
Noviembre

Paper 3

Paper 1 1, 2, 3
Mayo Paper 2 1a, 1b, 1c
Paper 3
2007 Paper 1 1, 2, 3, 4
Paper 2 1a, 1b
Noviembre
Paper 3

Paper 1 1, 3, 4,
Paper 2 1d
Mayo
Paper 3
2008
Paper 1 1, 2, 3
Noviembre Paper 2 2a, 2b, 5cii
Paper 3
Paper 1 1, 9
Paper 2 2a, 2b, 3
Mayo
Paper 3
2009
Paper 1
Noviembre Paper 2
PRUEBAS
2009

Noviembre
PRUEBAS Paper 3
Paper 1 1b, 3ci, 3cii
Mayo
Paper 2 1f, 4c, 5b
2010
Paper 1 3a, 3b, 3c
Noviembre
Paper 2 1fi, 1fii, 3c, 4a, 4b, 4c

paper 1
Mayo
2011 Paper 2 4c, 5c
Paper 1 2ciii
Noviembre
Paper 2 2a 4a
Paper 1 2b
Mayo
Paper 2 1fi, 3b, 3c, 4c 4a, 4b
2012
Paper 1 5d
Noviembre
i 2c 3c
Paper 1
Mayo
Paper 2 1e, 3a, 3b
2013
Paper 1 3b, 5d
Noviembre
Paper 2 1hii, 4c, 5c

Paper 1 5c
Mayo
2014 Paper 2 1ciii, 4c
Paper 1 6c
Noviembre
Paper 2 2c, 5c 5b
Paper 1
Mayo
Paper 2 5c
2015
Paper 1 6b
Noviembre
Paper 2 1i, 2c 2b
Paper 1 2ai, 2aii, 5b
Mayo
Paper 2 5c 2a
2016
Paper 1
Noviembre
Paper 2 1l, 3a
Paper 1 12
Mayo
Paper 2 7c
2017
Paper 1
Noviembre
Paper 2 4c, 5b, 5c
Paper 1
Mayo
Paper 2 4b
2018
Paper 1
Noviembre
Paper 2 5a 6a
Topic 1: Foundations of ESS Topic 2: Ecosystems and eco

1.3 Energy and 1.5 Humans and 2.1 Species and 2.2 Communities
1.4 Sustainability
equilibria pollution populations and ecosystems

2 9, 7, 9, 12, 13

3b, 8a, 8b 1, 8b, 8c

D1a, D1b 4Aa, 4Ab

3 28 4, 12 8,
6a, 4a, 4b, 4c 5a, 5b, 5c

D1a, D1c

2 20, 21 7, 22 7, 10, 24
6b 1c, 5c 1a, 1b, 1d
D1a, D1b, D1c, D1d
6 20, 30 1, 26 7, 9, 13, 27, 29

9 5b, 5c

3 26 8, 9, 15 5, 7, 8, 13
1di 7a, 2a, 2b,
D1a
13, 28, 29 10, 11, 30 5
5a, 5b, 5c 2a

D1a

2 27, 28 6, 8
4a, 4b, 4c

30 4, 8
4a, 8a, 8b, 8c 6b 2b

2, 3, 16
1a
5a

4b 1aiii, 1dii

5b, 5d 2a
1ei, 1eii, 1eiii 1biii 1ai
3b
1bii, 1fii, 5a

1f, 1g 1bi, 5a 1aii, 1bii 1ai


5b, 5c 3a, 3b 6bi 4a, 4b

4c 1bii, 5a

3aii, 3aiii 3ai


2c 1a

5b

1bi, 4a, 4b
2b
2a

1aii, 3a, 5b 1ci 2a, 2b

5c 2c
2a 1h 1a, 1b
2aiii, 2aiv 1a 1d
1f, 2b, 2c, 4b 1b
6d
3b, 3c

4c, 5a 1c 1e
7 5a, 5b

11 13
4a, 4c 5a
1, 2
4a
Topic 2: Ecosystems and ecology Topic 3: Biodiversity and conserv

2.3 Flows of energy 2.4 Biomes, zonation, 2.5 Investigating 3.1 Introduction to 3.2 Origins of
and matter and succession ecosystems biodiversity biodiversity

5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 28 8, 10, 18, 23, 26,


3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 7a, 7b,
2c, 7c, 8c 4a, 4b, 4c
7c
2Abi, 2Abii, 3Aa, 3Ab,
1A 2Aa,
3Ac, 4Aa, 4Ab
5, 6, 7, 10, 11 12, 13, 14, 16,17 12 24,

A1a, A1b, A1c, A1d, A1a, A1b, A1c, A1d, C1b


A1e A1e, A2a, A2b
5, 6, 8, 23, 26 1, 8, 9, 11 16
1d, 6a, 6b, 6c, 7a 2a, 2b, 2c 3b
A1d, A1ei, A1eii, C1bi, A1b, A1c, A1eii C1a, C1bii
2, 5, 14 10, 12, 28 23
A1a, A1b, A1c, A1d,
3 1, 5a, 5b, 5c, 7a, 7b 2
A1e,

A1eiii, A1eiv

9, 10, 11, 13, 14 6, 12 7, 11 23


1di, 1dii, 5a, 5b, 5c 2c, 2d, 5b, 7b, 7c 5b 3a, 3b, 3c,
C1aii A1a, A1b, C1ai, C1aiv C1aii, C1aiii, C1aiv
6, 7, 9 13, 14, 15, 29 8, 9 24
2b, 2c, 6b 6a, 6c 1c
A1b, A1c, A1d, A1ei,
A1ei A1a, C1a C1bi, C1bii
A1eii, A1eiii
5, 9, 10, 14 7, 11, 13, 14, 15 12
7a, 7b, 7c 2a, 3 2b 5a, 5b, 5c

A2a A1a, A1b, A2aiii C2a C2b

5, 6, 9, 10, 11 7, 12, 14, 15, 16 9, 13 25


1a, 1b, 6a 4a, 4b, 6a 1b, 1c 7a, 7b, 7c
A1c A1a, A1b
4, 5, 6, 7, 11 8, 12, 14, 15 13 24
1b, 6a, 6b, 6c 1c, 5a, 5b, 5c, 5d 8a, 8b

A1a, A1b, A2a, A2b C1d


4a, 4b 2a, 2b

1aii, 1bi 1ai 4a, 4b 1aiii

2a, 2b, 4c 5a 5b

1ai, 1aii 3a, 5a, 5b 1fi, 1fii

3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 3e, 4a, 3e


4b, 4c, 4d, 4e, 4f
1c, 3a 3a
2civ 2b, 3e
4b 5b 5a
3a 1b, 1c, 3c, 3d
5b 1a, 2a, 2b 2c 3a
3a, 3b 1a, 1b, 1c, 2a, 3c

5a, 5b, 5c 6a, 6b

1di, 1diii 4a

1c 1a, 1b, 5a, 5c


2a, 2b, 2c 4a

1ai, 1aii, 1aiii, 1aiv, 4a 3ai

2a, 2b 3a, 3b
4a, 4b, 4c
3a, 4b 1a 1e 4a, 5a
3a, 3b 3c, 5a, 5b 3b, 4c

4c 4a, 4b

3a, 3b 2a, 2b
1g 1f, 4b, 5a, 5b 1c, 1e
1e 1b, 1c
1ciii 1d, 3a 5a
4a, 4b, 4c, 4d 3a 3b, 3c 2a, 2b, 2d
4a 1a, 1d, 2a 1e, 1f
1 2a
1a, 1b, 1d, 4a, 4b 4b 7a
1a, 1b, 3a 5c
4a, 7b 2b, 2c 2ai 2aii
1
5b
3 4b, 5 6, 10a, 10b
TOPICS ESS

3: Biodiversity and conservation Topic 4: Water, aquatic food production systems, and societies

3.3 Threats to 3.4 Conservation of 4.1 Introduction to 4.2 Access to fresh


biodiversity biodiversity water systems water

20 26,

C1a, C1b, C2, C3a, C3b

9, 17 23

C2a C1a, C2b, C2c

29
3a, 4a, 4b
C1c C1d
11

4, 8

C1a, C1b, C1c, C2a,


C1d, C2bii, C2biii C2bi, C2c

21, 22 22
3b, 7c
C1b C1av
6, 17, 22, 23

C1c C1biii, C1biv

23, 24
1a, 1b, 1c, 1d

C1a, C1b, C1c

23 22, 24
5a, 5b, 5c
C1a, C1b, C1c C1biii, C1d
22

C1e, C1f
3civ
1bii, 1ciii, 1di, 1dii, 1ci, 1ei, 1fi, 3c
1eii, 3a, 3b
5ci, 5cii 1bi, 1bii 1ai, 1aii, 1bii

1cii, 1di 1e, 5c

1e, 1f, 3b, 3c 1d, 1fiv


3c, 3d, 3f
1aii, 1aiii, 1aiv 5c
1a, 1d, 1e
1bi 4c 5c 1c
3d 5d
1h 1ci, 1cii, 1e 1e

1biv, 4b 3c 1ai

4b, 5b, 5c
1ei, 3a, 3b, 3c 1b, 1c

1av, 3aii, 3aiii, 1biii 3b, 3c, 1biv

3a
2a, 2b 2c, 2d 6a, 6b, 6c
4c
4a, 4b, 4e 4d

3b 1bi, 1bii

6a
1d 1j, 1k, 1l 4a 4c

1ei 1eii, 5b
2c
4b 1b, 1c
3, 4 2b
7b 2a, 2b, 2c
5d
2d, 7c 5a
4, 5 6, 7, 9, 10, 12
6c
7a, 7b, 8, 9a, 9b, 10c 11 4a
4b 4c, 6c 1a, 1b
TOPICS ESS
Topic 5: Soil systems, terrestrial food production systems, and
atic food production systems, and societies societies

4.3 Aquatic food 5.1 Introduction to 5.2 Terrestrial food


4.4 Water pollution
production systems soil systems production systems

24,

2a, 2b, 2d 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b

B1a, B1b, B1c, B2a,


B1a, B1b, B1c D1c, D1d, D1e, D1f B2b, B2c
9, 21, 25
6b 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 3e 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d 6b

D2 B1a, B1b,

30
3a, 3b, 4c
B1f, B1g
22 11, 23, 24

8c

D1a, D1b, D1c, D1d,


B1d D1e, D2a, D2b, D2c, B1d
D3a
28 24, 25
2d
D1b
4, 25, 26
6b

B1e D1b, D1c, D1d B1e

22 25
6a

B2 D1d, D1e

30 23, 26
3a, 3b
B1a D1a B1a
10
4a, 4b, 4c
D1b, D1c, D1d, D1e,
D1f
3cii, 3ciii

4a, 4b, 4d

2a 4c 1b 2a

4f 4f

1b, 3c 1a, 1c, 4a, 4b


3e 1a, 1b 3a, 3b
1bi, 1bii, 1c, 1d 1biv 1c, 1d
5e 2a, 2c, 2di, 2dii 5a, 5b 5d, 5e
1ei, 1eii, 1eiii
2b, 2c, 5b, 6c, 6d, 6e 4a, 4b, 4c
1d 3a, 3b
3c
1aii, 1aiii, 1aiv, 1bi,
5b 5b
1bii, 1c, 1dii
4a
1e, 1f, 1g, 1h

1b 5a

2c 1bii, 5b 2c
3c 5a, 5b, 5c
3c 3b 2c, 3c

1aiii, 1ci, 1cii, 1ciii, 1d,


1ai 3b 1aii, 3c
1e, 5a
1a 1b, 1c
5c 4c 5c
2av
2c 1c, 4a 2c
6a, 6b, 6c, 6d
1f, 1j, 1k 2a 2b
9
5b, 5c 6a 2b

10
3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 4d 4c, 6b 2a, 2b, 2c 2d, 4d

5b, 5c 1c, 3b, 3c 1d, 1e 5c, 6c


l food production systems, and Topic 6: Atmospheric systems and societies
eties

5.3 Soil degradation 6.1 Introduction to 6.2 Stratospheric 6.3 Photochemical


and conservation the atmosphere ozone smog

16, 19, 22, 23, 21,

21, 25 9, 15, 16, 18 18, 27 18, 22

D1b

13, 14, 27, 28 19 12


3a 7a, 7b, 7c

11, 15 8, 15, 17 15, 19

25 16, 17 18 18
4a

12, 16, 17, 20 18 16, 19


1a, 1b, 1d, 4a 4b, 4c

16, 17, 18, 21 19 20


6b, 6c

23 17, 18, 20 19
9a, 9b, 9c

17, 23 18, 19 18
7a, 7b, 7c
1d

2b

6c, 6d, 6e 6b

1b

5c 6a, 6c

4a
1a 1b

4c 4c 4biii, 4c
1cii

4b, 4c, 4d

5a, 5b, 5c

5a, 5b, 5c, 5d 1a, 1b, 1c

3b

5a 5b

6a, 6b 6a
4c

3c 5a, 5b

7b 7b
3b, 3c
3a, 3b
3a, 3b
2d

2a, 2b, 2c, 2d, 6b 7b


d societies Topic 7: Climate change and energy production

7.3 Climate change:


7.1 Energy choices 7.2 Climate change:
6.4 Acid deposition mitigation and
and security causes and impacts adaptation

22,

6a, 6b, 6c 6b,

19 20
3c, 3d 4a, 4b, 4c, 6c

B2b

15 13

B1ei, B1eii D1c, D1d


21 17, 20, 22 18

B1ci, B1cii

20 19
4b, 4c
B1a D1c D1d
21 12, 20
1d

B1a, B1b, B1c, B1d

6c

D2a D2b

21

B1c D1b D1c, D1d


21 20
7c

B2a, B2b D1a, D2


1a, 1bii, 1c, 1d

2b 2a, 2b 4b 2c

6a

3a, 3b 3c

2d, 6a, 6b 5a, 5b

1g, 2a, 2b, 2c 2c


1c 5a 2ci, 2cii
4c 2a, 2b, 2c
6b
4c
5a 6a, 6b 5c
5b, 5c 2a, 4c 2b, 2c
2a, 2b

2a, 2c 2b

3aiv
5a, 5b 1d

1a, 4c

1f 1j 1g, 5c, 5d 1h, 1i


2a, 2b, 2c, 2d, 2e

3b
5a, 5b
4c 5c
5a, 5b, 5c 5d
5a, 5b, 5c
7, 10a, 10b
5c 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 3e 3f
6a, 6b 4
4b 4c

7c 1a, 1b, 6a 1c, 1d, 1e

7c 6b
Topic 8: Human systems and resource use

8.4 Carrying capacity


8.1 Human population 8.2 Resource use in 8.3 Solid domestic and ecological
dynamics society waste footprints

17, 25, 29, 30, 27

D2a, D2b, D3 B2c

26 29 30
2a, 2b, 2c 6c

B2aii, B2b, D1b, D1c B2a,

17, 18
5a, 5b, 5c 5c
D1b, D1d, D1f D1e B1a, B1b, B1c. B1d
25

5d, 9

B1a B1bii, D3a, D3b B1b, B1ci

27, 30 19 28, 29
6a, 6b, 6c 6c 6c
B1b, B1c, , D1d B1d
27 30 30
3a, 3b, 3c 5a, 5b, 5c

A1eiii D1e B1f

26, 30 29 21

B1a, B1b, B1c, B1d,


B1d B1b, B1c, B1d
D1a, D1b, D1c
27, 28 29 30
4a, 8a, 8b, 8c
B1a D1e B1b
25, 26, 30 27, 29, 30 28, 29
1a
B1a, B1b, B1c, B1d, B1f, B1g
B1e
3b, 4c 5b, 5c 3a

5a, 5c

2b 1ci, 2c

1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d 1c, 1d, 1e, 1f, 6c, 6d

5a, 5b
5c
3a, 3c 3b, 3c
4ai, 4aii 4b
1di 1dii
7a, 7b 7c 4d
2a, 2b 4b
7a, 7b 7c

5b, 5c

2a 2b
4b, 4c

2a, 2b, 2d 2c

1ci, 1cii, 2c 3b, 3c


5a, 1b 1c
1b, 1c, 1d, 2b 1d, 2c
2b

2c

3c 5c 3a
3a, 3b 4aiii
1a, 3b, 3c 1f
1a, 1b, 1c, 1d
1g, 1h, 1f 4c 2c
5a, 5b, 6 11
6b 6c
2 7
1b 1c, 6a 1a, 1c
2 8
7a, 7b

7a 3a, 3b, 3c