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Henriel T. Tambio Engr.

Lina Dela Cruz

CHE 410 January 21, 2020

Different Types of Paint


Watercolors

Watercolors are cheap so easy to explore. They are thin


transparent paints usually painted on paper. The paint is
somewhat difficult to use because the paint changes form as it
dries. Most children can start finger painting with watercolors
because they are easy to wash off your hands and clothes. But
even finger painting can be very prestigious as 3-year-old Zach the
genius who has over 1 million hits on youtube of him painting a
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtle.

Acrylics

Acrylics are good for beginners. They are easy to work with
because they're thicker than watercolor paints. Because they
are thick, they are easy to blend with other colors and easy
to control when painting them on a canvas. Acrylics dry
quickly and turn into plastic, so if you make a mistake it is
easy to wait a few minutes for it to dry and then paint right
overtop of the mistake. But be careful, and keep the paint
wet or it could be tough to use and clean up.

Oils

Oils are the thickest paints and easiest to control. They


take days to dry so you can work with the paint for
hours to get the images you want. Once applied to a
canvas, you can work in other colors easily, change the
form and textures, all over long periods of time. If you
make a mistake, you can scrape of an entire layer of
paint without damaging the layers underneath. The
disadvantage of oils is that they are more expensive and
more materials are needed to work with them. They are
also messy and you cannot use water to clean them
up… you need some sort of turpentine.
Whitewash:
Whitewash is a low-cost paint made from mixture of slaked lime
or powdered chalk, size and water used for whitening walls,
woodworks, etc.

Emulsion Paint:
Emulsion Paints are basically water based paints.
Water is used as a solvent in emulsion paint. It is
used for internal as well as an external surface
coating of the building. They dry quickly & flexible
and hence are suitable for both external as well as
internal surfaces.

Enamel Paint:
Enamel paints are oil based paints and with a
considerably glossy finish. Enamel Paints consists of
white lead, zinc white, resinous matter and petroleum
spirit. Enamel paints are more durable and have hard
strong finish. Enamel paints provides excellent coverage
and colour retention. Enamel paints have hard, glossy
and opaque finish. Enamel paints dry slowly or quickly
depending on thinner used.

Distemper Paint:
Distemper paints are water based paints. The major
constituents of distemper are chalk, lime, water and
some colouring pigments if necessary. Distemper
Paints are available in powder and paste form. It is
cheaper than other paints. Distemper paints can be
classified as a one type of better white wash.
Distemper paints are used for both interior and
exterior walls.
Latex Paint:
A paint based on pigment and synthetic resin produced by
emulsion polymerization, as the principal constituent of the
binder. The word “latex” originally refer to the use of rubber in
one form or another as the resin, or solid, in paint. They can be
apply on walls and trim, concrete, wood etc.

Textured Paint:
Texture paint consists of coarse grains (such as
gypsum, sand, etc.) metal, ribbon, lace, leather, etc.
with the water-thinned binder used for creating a
rough pattern effect on a wall. They have become
one of the most popular trends in painting as
different types of styles can be created on the wall.
They are often used as an alternative to wallpaper
and it is also a great solution to hide uneven and
imperfect wall surfaces.

Reference(s):
- https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-different-types-of-Paints
- https://www.howtogeek.com/320201/the-different-types-of-paint-and-when-to-use-them