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NAMA : JULIANA RATNA NINGSIH

NO. BP :1601112
KELAS :VII C

ENGLISH TASKS ABOUT PHARMACEUTICAL BIOLOGY

1. Unicellular organisms are living things that consist of one single cell.
2. A cell is the simplest collection of matter that can live and is the constituent unit of all
living things.
3. Protein is a complex molecular weight high organic compound which is a polymer of
amino acid monomers that are connected to each other by peptide bonds
4. Bacteria are a group of organisms that do not have a nuclear membrane
5. Mitochondria are organelles where the cellular respiration function takes place, in
addition to other cellular functions, such as fatty acid metabolism, pyrimidine
biosynthesis, calcium homeostasis, cellular signal transduction, and energy production
6. Symbiosis is all types of long-term and close biological interactions between two
different biological organisms, be they mutualism, commensalism, or parasitism
7. Carbohydrates are a large group of the most abundant organic compounds on earth.
8. DNA is a type of biomolecule that stores and encodes the genetic instructions of each
organism and many types of viruses.
9. An organism is a collection of molecules that influence each other so that it functions
stably and has a living nature.
10. Photosynthesis is a biochemical process of carbohydrate formation from inorganic
substances carried out by plants, especially plants that contain leaf green substances,
namely chlorophyll.
11. The cytoplasm is the part of the cell that is enclosed in a cell membrane. In eukaryote
cells, the cytoplasm is the non-nucleus part of the protoplasm
12. Biology is the study of life, and living organisms, including their structure, function,
growth, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.
13. Genes are inheritance units of living organisms
14. Metabolic pathways are chemical reactions that occur in cells
15. Biochemistry is the study of molecules and chemical reactions catalyzed by enzymes that
take place in all organisms.
16. Anabolism is a metabolic pathway that arranges several simple organic compounds into
chemical compounds or complex molecules.
17. Botany is the science of plants, including fungi and algae with mycology and physiology
within the botanical branch.
18. Organic compounds are a large class of chemical compounds whose molecules contain
carbon, except carbides, carbonates, and carbon oxides. The study of organic compounds
is called organic chemistry.
19. Physiology or is one of the branches of biology that studies the ongoing life system
20. Enzymes are biomolecules in the form of proteins that function as catalysts (compounds
that accelerate the reaction process without reacting) in an organic chemical reaction.
21. Reproduction is the biological process of an individual to produce new individuals
22. Networks in biology are groups of cells that have the same shape and function.
23. Cell membrane is a universal feature possessed by all types of cells in the form of an
interface layer called the plasma membrane, which separates cells from the environment
outside the cell, primarily to protect the cell nucleus and the survival system that works
inside the cytoplasm
24. The nucleus or nucleus is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells
25. Fermentation is the process of producing energy in cells in anaerobic conditions (without
oxygen).
26. Lipids are a group of natural molecules that include fats,waxes,sterols, fat-soluble
vitamins suchas vitamins A,D,E,and K, monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides,
phospholipids, and others.
27. Macromolecules are very large molecules.
28. A molecule is an electrically neutral group composed of two or more atoms that are
bonded together through chemical bonds
29. Spiritus burner is for heating a solution or burning a chemical experiment process
substance.
30. Biosynthesis is a multi-stage, enzyme-catalyzed process in which the substrate is
converted to more complex products in living organisms
31. Wire netting is to hold the beaker or pumpkin during the heating process using a Bunsen
heater or Spiritus heater.
32. Bunsen burners are for heating, burning and sterilizing osi needles or other
33. Test tube rack is a place to store the test tube, dry and keep the test tube so that it does not
moldy.
34. Wooden tongs are used to clamp the test tube during the heating process.
35. This beaker and beaker is a laboratory device that functions as a container.
36. Pipettes are used to move the measured liquid volume.
37. Three legs in laboratory equipment is iron which has 3 legs which has the function of
supporting the ring.
38. Volumetric flask or measuring flask is a chemical device, which is used to thin the
solution to a certain volume.
39. Erlenmeyer flask is for mixing, measuring and storing liquid.
40. Measuring cup is as a tool for measuring the volume of solution, ranging from 10mL to
2L.
41. Test tubes are glassware made of glass or plastic. the shape is about the size of a human
finger.
42. Pharmaceutical Biology (in the broad sense) is science (applied) in the field of pharmacy
based on biology whose application includes the discovery, development and production
of drugs, standardization, processing control and use.
43. Natural material is material that can be obtained from nature without the need for a
synthesis process.
44. Isolation is the process of extracting or separating natural compounds by using suitable
solvents
45. Fungi are able to synthesize secondary metabolites in the growth phase stationary.
46. Primary metabolites are compounds found in all cells and play a central role in the
metabolism and reproduction of these cells
47. Secondary metabolites are chemical compounds contained in an organisms that are not
directly involved in the growth process, development or reproduction of organisms such
as terpenoids, steroids, coumarin, flavonoids and alkaloids.
48. Extraction is a process of separation of solid and liquid materials with the help of
solvents.
49. Maceration : The extraction of the active substance is carried out by immersing the
simplicia powder into a suitable liquid for three days at room temperature protected from
light, the liquid will enter the cell through the cell wall.
50. Percolation is a method of escape carried out by flowing the liquid through the powder of
simplicia that has been moistened. .