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CHEMISTRY

CLASS 10 WORKSHEET

ACID ,BASES AND SALTS SECTION A


1. Why is Plaster of Paris stored in a moisture proof container?
2. What do you mean by neutralization reaction? Give two examples.
3. Mention two uses of baking soda and washing soda.
4. Why does a milkman add a small amount of baking soda to fresh milk to shift the pH of fresh milk from 6 to slightly alkaline?
5. Why do acids not show acidic behavior in the absence of water?
6. Rain water conducts electricity but distilled water does not. Why?
7. Why don’t we keep sour substances in brass and copper vessels?
8. What is the common name of CaOCl2?
9. Name the compound used for softening hard water.
10. What happens when baking soda is heated?
11. Give the properties and uses of bleaching powder.
12. Give a few uses of acids, bases and salts respectively.
SECTION B
1. How will you test for a gas which is liberated when HCL reacts with an active metal? (CBSE 2008)

2. What is baking powder? How does it make the cake soft and spongy? (CBSE 2008)

3. When fresh milk is changed into curd will its pH value increase or decrease? Why?
4. Give Arrhenius definition of an acid and a base. (CBSE 2009)
5. What happens chemically when quick lime is added to water? (CBSE 2008)
6. Name the gas evolved when dilute HCL reacts with Sodium hydrogen carbonate. How is it recognized? (CBSE 2008)
7. How does the flow of acid rain water into a river make the survival of aquatic life in the river difficult? (CBSE 2008)
8. How is the pH of a solution of an acid influenced when it is diluted? (CBSE 2008 F)
9. How does the pH of the solution change when a solution of base is diluted? (CBSE 2008 F)
10. Arrange these in increasing order of their pH values- NaOH, blood, lemon juice. (CBSE 2008 F)
11. Two solutions of A and B have pH values of 5 and 8. Which solution will be basic in nature? (CBSE 2008 C)
12. Why does tooth decay start when pH of mouth is lower than 5.5? (CBSE 2009)
13. What would be the colour of litmus in a solution of sodium carbonate? (CBSE 2009)
14. Name the products obtained when sodium hydrogen carbonate is heated. Write the chemical equation for the same. (AI CBSE 2009)
15. Write the chemical formula of washing soda and baking soda. Which one of these two is an ingredient of antacids? How does it provide relief in
stomachache? (CBSE 2008 F)
16. What do you mean by �water of crystallization� of a substance? Describe an activity to show that blue copper sulphate crystals contain
water of crystallization. (CBSE 2009 F)
17. How can washing soda be obtained from baking soda? Name an industrial use of washing soda other than washing clothes. (AI CBSE 2008)
18. Why does 1 M HCL solutions have a higher concentration of H+ ions than 1M CH3COOH solution? (AI CBSE 2009) SECTION C

1. Name two constituents of baking power. (1 mark)


2. What is universal indicator? (1 mark)
3. Name the chemicals that can be made of common salt (1 mark)
4. Why does cake become fluffy after adding baking soda? (1 mark)
5. Write the pH value, after which teeth start decaying? (1 mark)
6. State some uses of baking soda? (2 marks)
7. How is the concentration of hydroxide ions (OH-) affected when excess base is dissolved in a solution of sodium hydroxide? (2 mark)
8. Name the gas evolved when dilute sulphuric acid acts on sodium carbonate.Write the chemical equation for the reaction involved. (2 mark) 9.
What are the properties and uses of bleaching powder?(3 marks)
10. Write a chemical formula to represent the action of atmospheric CO2 gas on bleaching powder when left exposed in open. (2 marks) 11.
What happens when quick lime is added to water? (2 marks)
12. Write any two properties of acids. (2 marks)
METALS AND NON METALS SECTION A
1. A metal ‘X’ loses two electrons and a non-metal ‘Y’ gains one electron. Show the electron dot
structure of compound formed between them. Is ionic or covalent? Does it have high melting point or
low? Will it conduct electricity in solid state or in aqueous solution and why? Will it be soluble in
water?

2. A student was given Mn, Zn, Fe and Cu metals. Identify which of them (a) will not displace H2
from dil. HCl.
(b) will react only with steam to give H2(g).
(c) Will give H2 with 5% HNO3.
Write the chemical reactions involved.
3. Compound X and aluminium are used to join railway tracks.
(a) Identify the compound X.
(b) Name the reaction.
(c) Write down its reaction.
4. Samples of five metals ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, ‘D’ and ‘E’ were taken and added to the following solution one
by one. The results obtained have been tabulated as follows.
Metal FeSO4 CuSO4 ZnSO4 AgNO3 Al2(SO4)3 MgSO4
A No reaction Displacement No reaction Displacement No reaction No reaction
B Displacement Displacement No reaction Displacement No reaction No reaction
C No reaction No reaction No reaction Displacement No reaction No reaction
D No reaction No reaction No reaction No reaction No reaction No reaction
E Displacement Displacement Displacement Displacement No reaction No reaction Use the above table to answer the following questions about the
given metals.
(a) Which of them is most reactive and why?
(b) What would you observe if ‘B’ is added to CuSO4?
(c) Arrange ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, ‘D’ and ‘E’ in the increasing order of reactivity.
(d) Container of which metal can store zinc sulphate and silver nitrate solution?
(e) Which of the above solution(s) can be stored in a container made of any of these metals and why?
5. A metal A, which is used in thermite process, when heated with oxygen gives an oxide B,
which is amphoteric in nature? Identify A and B. Write down the reactions of oxide B with HC1 and
NaOH.
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6. A non-metal A is an important constituent of our food and forms two oxides B and C. Oxide B
is toxic whereas C causes global warming.
(a) Identify A, B and C.
(b) To which group of periodic table does A belong?
7. An element A reacts with water to form a compound B which is used in white washing. The
compound B on heating forms an oxide which on treatment with water gives back B. Identify A, B and C
and give the reactions involved.
8. A non-metal A which is the largest constituent of air, when heated with H2 in 1 : 3 ratio in the
presence of catalyst (Fe) gives a gas B. On heating with O2, it gives an oxide C. If this oxide is passed
into water in the presence of air, it gives and acid D which act as a strong oxidising agent.
(a) Identify A, B, C and D.
(b) To which group of periodic table does this non-metal belong?
9. An element A burns with golden flame in air. It reacts with another element B, atomic number 17 to
give a product C. An aqueous solution of product C on electrolysis gives a compound D and liberates
hydrogen. Identify A, B, C and D. Also write down the equations for the reactions involved.
SECTION B
1.Name a reducing agent that may be used to obtain manganese from manganese dioxide. (CBSE 2009)
2. From amongst the metals sodium, calcium, aluminium, copper and mangnesium, name the metal (I) which reacts with metal only on boiling and
(II) another which does not react even with steam. (CBSE 2008)
3. (a) Show the formation of NaCl from sodium and chlorine atoms by the transfer of electrons.

(b) Why sodium chloride has a high melting point?

(c) Name the anode and cathode used in electrolytic refining of impure copper metal. (CBSE 2008)
Why are ionic compounds usually hard? How is it that ionic compounds in the solid state do not conduct electricity but they do so when in molten
state? (CBSE 2008)
On adding dilute HCL acid to copper oxide powder the solution formed is blue-green. Predict the new compound formed which imparts a
bluegreen colour to the solution. (CBSE 2008)
4. (a) Show on a diagram the transfer of electron between the atoms in the formation of MgO. (b) Name the solvent in which ionic compounds
are generally soluble.
(c) Why are aqueous solutions of ionic compounds able to conduct electricity? (CBSE 2008)
5. What are amphoteric oxides? Choose the amphoteric oxides from- Na2O, ZnO, Al2O3, CO2, H2O
6. Why is it that non-metals do not displace hydrogen from dilute acids? (AI CBSE 2008)
7. Show the electronic transfers in the formation of MgCl2 from its elements. (CBSE 2008 F)
8. Which of the following metals will melt at body temperature: gallium, magnesium, caesium, aluminium? (CBSE 2008 C)
9. Name the two metals which react violently with cold water. Write any three observations you would make when such a metal is dropped into
water. How would you identify the gas evolved, if any? (AI CBSE 2008)
10. Give reasons for the following: (i) Gold and silver are used for jewellery making.
(ii) carbonate and sulphide ores are usually converted into oxides prior to reduction during the process of extraction. (CBSE 2008 C)
11. Give reasons for the following: (i) Aluminium oxide is considered as an amphoteric oxide. (ii) Ionic compounds conduct
electricity in molten state. (CBSE 2008 C) 12. Give reasons for the following:
(i) Metals can be given different shapes according to our needs.
(ii) Hydrogen is not evolved when a metal reacts with nitric acid.
SECTION C
1. Fill in the blanks
(1 � 5 = 5 marks) a. Cu2S acts as ______ agent in Bassemerisation process.
b. CaSiO3 is known as _______ in extraction of iron.
c. SO2 is the product of ________ of sulphide ores.
d. ZnO can be reduced by ________.
e. ________ forms greenish layer due to basic copper carbonate.
2. Why can Zn replace hydrogen from dil. HCl?
(2 marks)
3. a. Show on a diagram the transfer of electrons between the atoms in the formation of
MgO. Write symbols of cation and anion present in MgO.
(2 marks)
4. Why do non-metals not conduct electricity? Also, name one non-metal that conducts
electricity.
(3 marks)
5. Write balanced chemical equations for the following:�
(3 marks) a. Dilute sulphuric acid reacts with aluminium powder.
b. Dilute hydrochloric acid reacts with sodium carbonate.
c. Carbon dioxide is passed through lime water.
6. Give the steps involved in the extraction of metals of low and medium reactivity from
their respective sulphide ores.
(5 marks)
CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND EQUATIONS SECTION A
1. What is a redox reaction?
2. What is corrosion? Explain its advantage and disadvantage.
3. What is rancidity? How can we reduce the problem of rancidity?
4. How is corrosion different from rusting?
5. What is meant by endothermic and exothermic reactions? Give suitable example for each.
6. Define different types of chemical reaction and give examples for each.
7. Why is photosynthesis considered as an endothermic reaction?
8. In electrolysis of water, why is the volume of gas collected over one electrode double that of the other electrode?
9. What happens when water is added to solid calcium oxide taken in a container? Write a chemical formula for the same.
10. Give one use of quick lime.
11. Give three types of decomposition reaction.
12. Name the compound used for testing CO2 gas. Section B

Q1. What happens chemically when quick lime is added to water?


Q2. How will you test for the gas which is liberated when HCL reacts with an active metal?
Q3. What is an oxidation reaction? Is it exothermic or endothermic? Give one example of oxidation Reaction.
Q4. Give an example of photochemical reaction.
Q5. Give an example of a decomposition reaction. Describe any activity to illustrate such a reaction by heating. Q6.
Why is respiration considered as exothermic process?
Q7. Balance the following chemical equation.
Fe(s) +H2O(g) = Fe3O4 + H2(g)
MnO2 + HCL = MnCl2 + Cl2 + H2O
HNO3 + Ca(OH)2 = Ca(NO3)2 + H2O
Q8. On what basis is a chemical equation balanced?
Q9. State any two observations in an activity suggesting the occurrence of a chemical reaction.
Q10. Name a reducing agent which may be used to obtain manganese from manganese dioxide.
Q11. What change in colour is observed when silver chloride is left exposed to sunlight? Also mention the type of chemical reaction.
Q12. Define a combination reaction. Give one example of an exothermic combination reaction.
Q13. What is observed when a solution of potassium iodide is added to lead nitrate solution?
What type of reaction is this? Write a balanced chemical equation for this reaction.
Q14. Distinguish between an exothermic and an endothermic reaction.
Q15. Distinguish between a displacement and a double displacement reaction.
Q16. Identify the type of reaction in the following:
Fe + CuSO4(aq) = FeSO4(aq) + Cu(s)
2H2 + O2 = 2H2O
SECTION C
1. Explain the process of corrosion and rusting. (2 marks)
2. How is exothermic reaction different from an endothermic reaction? (3 marks)
3. Explain four different types of chemical reaction with suitable examples. (8 marks)
4. How do we balance a chemical equation? (4 marks)
5. Why are oil and fat containing food items flushed with nitrogen? (3 marks)
6. What is the difference between displacement and double displacement reaction? Give suitable chemical equations for the same. (3 marks) 7. Give
two uses of quick lime. (2 marks)
8. What is electrolytic decomposition? (2 marks)
9. Identify the following type of reactions:-
▪ Na2SO4 + BaCL2 = BaSO4 + 2NaCL
▪ CaCO3 = CaO + CO2
▪ Fe + CuSO4 = FeSO4 + Cu (3 marks)