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Activity No.

Components of a Computer
Course Code: CPE002 Program: BSCE
Course Title: Computer Applications and Networking Date Performed: 11/29/2019
Name:Nepomuceno, Vincent Gabrielle R. Date Submitted: 11/29/2019
Section: CPE11FC3 Instructor: ENGR.GABRIEL AVELINO
1. Objective(s): SAMPEDRO

The activity aims to introduce the different components of a computer system.

2. Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):

The students shall be able to:

2.1 Differentiate each component of a computer system.
2.2 Explain the importance of each component.
2.3 Set-up and operate a standard desktop computer.

3. Requirement(s):
 System Unit
 Monitor
 Cables ( VGA, SVGA, Power Plug, IDE/SATA)
 Connectors
4. Discussion

A computer is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory,
that can accept data, process data according to specified rules, produce results, and stores the results for
future use. It consists of several peripheral that are tangible in nature known as hardware. These
components include input & output devices, a system unit, storage devices, and communication devices.
The figure below shows a standard component of the computer hardware.

Figure 1.1 Computer Hardware Components

INPUT DEVICES –Any hardware component that allows you to enter data and instruction to the

The mouse allows control of movement of a symbol on a screen.

A computer keyboard contains keys you press to enter data into the

A Web cam is a digital video camera that allows users to create movies
or take pictures and store them on the computer instead of on tape or

A microphone allows a user to speak into the computer.

A scanner converts printed material (such as text and pictures) into a

form the computer can use.

OUTPUT DEVICES- Any hardware component that conveys information to one or more people.

A monitor displays text, graphics, and videos on screen.

A printer produces text and graphics on a physical medium such as a


Speakers allow you to hear music, voice, and other audio (sounds).

SYSTEM UNIT- It is a case that contains electronic components of the computer that are used to
process data.

It is the core of a computer system. The circuitry of the system usually is

part of or connected to the circuit board called the motherboard.

STORAGE DEVICES- Storage holds data, instructions, and information for future use.

A hard disk drive stores information on a rigid platter or stack of platters

with magnetic surface.

A USB flash drive is a portable storage device that is small and

lightweight enough to be transported on a keychain or in a pocket

An optical drive is a flat, round, portable metal disc with a plastic coating.
CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray Discs are three types of optical discs.

An external hard disk is a separate, freestanding unit, whereas you

insert and remove a removable hard disk from the computer or a device
connected to the computer.

COMMUNICATION DEVICES- It is a hardware component that enables a computer to send (transmit)
and receive data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers or mobile devices

A router is a device that determines the next

network point to which packet should be
forwarded towards its destination.

A switch is a communication device that connects

network segments.

5. Procedures

STEP 1: Setting Up a Desktop Computer

a. Use the checklist to verify all necessary components are available. Put check (√) if available and
(x) if not available.

System Unit
LCD Monitor
Power Supply Cables
VGA Cable

b. Connect the keyboard, mouse, power and VGA cable at the ports designated at the back of the
system unit.

Figure 1-2 Computer Back Plate

c. Connect the speaker, microphone, and headphones.

d. Connect the power cable to the system unit and LCD monitor.
e. Press the power button on the system and LCD monitor.
f. After you turn the computer on, wait for the Windows Setup to load.

6. Question &Answer

6.1 Recently, you purchased a USB flash drive that you plan to use to store work-related files. When you
attempt to store a file on the USB flash drive, the computer displays an error message indicating that the
file will not fit. How could a brand new USB flash drive not have enough room to store the first file you
attempted to store on it?

In my opinion, the reason the file that was unsuccessfully transferred to the flash drive
was too large and the capacity of the USB flash drive is not enough to contain the said

6.2 The power in your house has been out for the last two hours and has just come back on. When you
attempt to start your computer by pressing the power button, nothing happens. What is your next step
before calling for help?

First thing is I will check if the computer is plugged into the outlet and then check if the
avr is turned on. If all of them were checked, then now is the time to call for help.

6.3 You insert an optical disc with digital photos from your most recent family vacation and discover that
your computer will not read the optical disc. What might be wrong?

There are two things that could be wrong; the CD reader or the CD itself. Maybe, if you
try to insert another optical disc into the reader and if it reads it, then there's nothing
wrong with your CD reader. On the latter, maybe there are some scratches in the disc
that might affect its serviceability towards the reader.

7.Assessment (Rubric for Laboratory Performance):