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Environment is everything that is

around. It can be living or non-living


things. It
includes physical, chemical and other
natural forces. Living things live in
their environment. They constantly
interact with it and change in
response to conditions in their
environment. In the environment
there are interactions
between animals, plants, soil, water,
and other living and non-living
things.
pictures of the
environment today
Pictures of a
sustainable
Environment
1. Pollution: Pollution of air, water and soil require millions of years to recoup. Industry
and motor vehicle exhaust are the number one pollutants. Heavy metals, nitrates and plastic
are toxins responsible for pollution. While water pollution is caused by oil spill, acid rain,
urban runoff; air pollution is caused by various gases and toxins released by industries and
factories and combustion of fossil fuels; soil pollution is majorly caused by industrial waste
that deprives soil from essential nutrients.

2. Global Warming: Climate changes like global warming is the result of human practices like emission of
Greenhouse gases. Global warming leads to rising temperatures of the oceans and the earth’ surface
causing melting of polar ice caps, rise in sea levels and also unnatural patterns of precipitation such as flash
floods, excessive snow or desertification.

3. Overpopulation: The population of the planet is reaching unsustainable levels as it faces shortage of
resources like water, fuel and food. Population explosion in less developed and developing countries is
straining the already scarce resources. Intensive agriculture practiced to produce food damages the
environment through use of chemical fertilizer, pesticides and insecticides. Overpopulation is one of the
crucial current environmental problem.

4. Natural Resource Depletion: Natural resource depletion is another crucial current environmental
problems. Fossil fuel consumption results in emission of Greenhouse gases, which is responsible for global
warming and climate change. Globally, people are taking efforts to shift to renewable sources of energy
like solar, wind, biogas and geothermal energy. The cost of installing the infrastructure and maintaining
these sources has plummeted in the recent years.

5. Waste Disposal: The over consumption of resources and creation of plastics are creating a global crisis
of waste disposal. Developed countries are notorious for producing an excessive amount of waste or
garbage and dumping their waste in the oceans and, less developed countries. Nuclear waste disposal has
tremendous health hazards associated with it. Plastic, fast food, packaging and cheap electronic wastes
threaten the well being of humans. Waste disposal is one of urgent current environmental problem.

6. Climate Change: Climate change is yet another environmental problem that has surfaced in last couple
of decades. It occurs due to rise in global warming which occurs due to increase in temperature of
atmosphere by burning of fossil fuels and release of harmful gases by industries. Climate change has
various harmful effects but not limited to melting of polar ice, change in seasons, occurrence of new
diseases, frequent occurrence of floods and change in overall weather scenario.

7. Loss of Biodiversity: Human activity is leading to the extinction of species and habitats and and loss of
bio-diversity. Eco systems, which took millions of years to perfect, are in danger when any species
population is decimating. Balance of natural processes like pollination is crucial to the survival of the eco-
system and human activity threatens the same. Another example is the destruction of coral reefs in the
various oceans, which support the rich marine life.

8. Deforestation: Our forests are natural sinks of carbon dioxide and produce fresh oxygen as well as helps
in regulating temperature and rainfall. At present forests cover 30% of the land but every year tree cover is
lost amounting to the country of Panama due to growing population demand for more food, shelter and
cloth. Deforestation simply means clearing of green cover and make that land available for residential,
industrial or commercial purpose.

9. Ocean Acidification: It is a direct impact of excessive production of CO2. 25% of CO2 produced by
humans. The ocean acidity has increased by the last 250 years but by 2100, it may shoot up by 150%. The
main impact is on shellfish and plankton in the same way as human osteoporosis.

10. Ozone Layer Depletion: The ozone layer is an invisible layer of protection around the planet that
protects us from the sun’s harmful rays. Depletion of the crucial Ozone layer of the atmosphere is attributed
to pollution caused by Chlorine and Bromide found in Chloro-floro carbons (CFC’s). Once these toxic
gases reach the upper atmosphere, they cause a hole in the ozone layer, the biggest of which is above the
Antarctic. The CFC’s are banned in many industries and consumer products. Ozone layer is valuable
because it prevents harmful UV radiation from reaching the earth. This is one of the most important current
environmental problem.

11. Acid Rain: Acid rain occurs due to the presence of certain pollutants in the atmosphere. Acid rain can
be caused due to combustion of fossil fuels or erupting volcanoes or rotting vegetation which
release sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere. Acid rain is a known environmental
problem that can have serious effect on human health, wildlife and aquatic species.
12. Water Pollution: Clean drinking water is becoming a rare commodity. Water is becoming an
economic and political issue as the human population fights for this resource. One of the options
suggested is using the process of desalinization. Industrial development is filling our rivers seas and
oceans with toxic pollutants which are a major threat to human health.
13. Urban Sprawl: Urban sprawl refers to migration of population from high density urban areas to low
density rural areas which results in spreading of city over more and more rural land. Urban sprawl
results in land degradation, increased traffic, environmental issues and health issues. The ever growing
demand of land displaces natural environment consisting of flora and fauna instead of being replaced.
14: Public Health Issues: The current environmental problems pose a lot of risk to health of humans, and
animals. Dirty water is the biggest health risk of the world and poses threat to the quality of life and
public health. Run-off to rivers carries along toxins, chemicals and disease carrying organisms. Pollutants
cause respiratory disease like Asthma and cardiac-vascular problems. High temperatures encourage the
spread of infectious diseases like Dengue.
15. Genetic Engineering: Genetic modification of food using biotechnology is called genetic engineering.
Genetic modification of food results in increased toxins and diseases as genes from an allergic plant can
transfer to target plant. Genetically modified crops can cause serious environmental problems as an
engineered gene may prove toxic to wildlife. Another drawback is that increased use of toxins to make
insect resistant plant can cause resultant organisms to become resistant to antibiotics.
POLLUTION

GLOBAL WARMING
OVERPOPULATION

NATURAL RESOURCE DEPLETION


WASTE DISPOSAL

CLIMATE CHANGE
LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY

DEFORESTATION
OCEAN ACIDIFICATION

OZONE LAYER DEPLETION


ACID RAIN

WATER POLLUTION
URBAN SPRAWL

PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUES


GENETIC ENGINEERING
AMAZING FACTS ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT

Our world is a beautiful place and it has sustained everything living on it for
millions of years. Although our presence has done much damage to it, we still
have a chance to change it.
The wonderful thing that’s happening today is that people are becoming more
aware of the needs of our environment and are showing signs of willingness to
make a change. When we talk of environment, it involves everything around
us, not just the weather. It includes all the animals, plants and the human
beings living in this planet.
Here are some amazing environmental facts that you need to know about.
 27,000 trees are cut down each day so we can have Toilet Paper.
 Aluminum can be recycled continuously, as in forever. Recycling 1
aluminum can save enough energy to run our TVs for at least 3 hours.
80 trillion aluminum cans are used by humans every year.
 American companies alone use enough Paper to encircle the Earth 3x!
(It’s a good thing that businesses are moving towards going paperless)
 We can save 75,000 trees if we recycled the paper used on the daily run
of the New York Times alone.
 When you throw plastic bags and other plastic materials in the ocean, it
kills as many as 1 million sea creatures annually.
 A glass bottle made in our time will take more than 4,000 years to
decompose.
 Only 1% of our planet’s water supply can be used. 97% is ocean water
and 2% is frozen solid in the Arctic, for now.
 Our planet gains inhabitants numbering to 77 million people a year.
 An estimated 50,000 species inhabiting our tropical forests become
extinct annually. That’s an average of 137 species a day.
 Rainforests are cut down at a rate of 100 acres per minute.
 The world’s oldest trees are more than 4,600 years old.
 Landfills are composed of 35% packaging materials
Environmental issues are harmful effects of human
activity on the biophysical environment. Environmental
protection is a practice of protecting the natural
environment on individual, organizational or
governmental levels, for the benefit of both the
environment and humans. Environmentalism,
a social and environmental movement, addresses
environmental issues through advocacy, education and
activism.

Sustainability is the key to prevent or reduce the effect of


environmental issues. There is now clear scientific
evidence that humanity is living unsustainably, and that
an unprecedented collective effort is needed to return
human use of natural resources to within sustainable
limits.[9][10]For humans to live sustainably, the
Earth's natural resources must be used at a rate at which
they can be replenished (and by limiting global warming).
THE ADVANTAGES OF SUSTAINABLE LIVING :

+ Cost-effectiveness
+ More quality time with friends and family
+ Greater appreciation for what you
already have (people, places, and things)
+ Increased confidence due to newly
acquired skills of self-reliance
+ Possible weight loss and increased
fitness
+ Improved life balance
+ Reconnection with your local community
+ A healthier, more stable planet for future
generations
+ The joyous feeling of being a part of
something worthwhile
Why Is It Important to Care
About the Environment?
The ecosystem (all the communities of living
organisms found in a specific place, their habitats
and their interactions) in which we live provides
natural services for humans and all other species
that are essential to our health, quality of life and
survival. For example, our forests remove carbon
dioxide and other pollutants from the air we
breathe and also cool our air temperatures,
reducing the formation of ground-level ozone, a
pollutant that can cause heart and lung problems
to worsen; our wetlands store storm water, filter
and make harmless storm water pollutants, and
recharge our aquifers (where most of us get our
drinking water) with these filtered waters; and the
dune systems on our beaches form natural barriers
to storm waves and provide important habitat and
travel ways for wildlife.
12 WAYS TO LIVE MORE SUSTAINABLY
Every day we make choices in our lives that affect the
environment, the climate and other species. From
what we eat to how many children we decide to have,
there’s a lot we can do to “choose wild” and reduce
our environmental footprint to leave more room for
wild animals and plants.
1. Think twice before shopping.

2. Make sure your big purchases have big


environmental benefits.

3. Ditch the plastic.

4. Boycott products that endanger wildlife.

5. Pay attention to labels.

6. Be water wise.

7. Drive less, drive green.

8. Green your home.

9. Choose renewable energy.

10. Take extinction off your plate: Eat less meat.

11. Choose to have a smaller family.

12. Use your voice and your vote.


TYPES OF ENVIRONMENT
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT:
Natural environment means all living and non-living
things that are natural. The universe is natural, but
often the term "natural environment" only means
nature on Earth.

BUILT ENVIRONMENT:
In social science, the term built environment refers to
the man-made surroundings that provide the setting for
human activity, ranging in scale from buildings to
parks. It has been defined as "the humanitarian-made
space in which people live, work, and recreate on a
day-to-day basis. The "built environment encompasses
places and spaces created or modified by people
including buildings, parks, and transportation
systems." In recent years, public health research has
expanded the definition of "built environment" to
include healthy food access, community gardens,
mental health, "walkability" and "bikeability.
IMAGES OF
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
IMAGES OF
BUILT ENVIRONMENT