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Charge one

● Genghis khan was invading in Asia but when he died Hulugu khan decided to attack
Baghdad, also the tactics used were different showing how, other than conceiving the
children he had little to no influence on the siege of Baghdad
● H
● h
Charge two
● Talk about pax mongolica and when Genghis khan stationed troops at the silk road it
allowed for better trade
Charge three
● Genghis Khan was religiously tolerant it was his children and grandchildren who didn’t
instance this
Charge four
● Genocide is ​the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a
particular ethnic group or nation.
● It wasn’t one ethnicity

Geneva Convention: No one man can be held responsible for another man's actions
Opening Statement: Ladies and Gentlemen of the Jury and Your honor, we are gathered here
today for the trial of Genghis Khan. Genghis Khan,Temujin, was the ruler of the great Mongolian
Empire that expanded from China to Persia. It was a vast empire of many people. The big
question asked today was that was Genghis Khan a ruthless ruler, terrorist, trade disruptor, and
committed genocide. Did he deliberately stop trae, kill the Chinese? The answer is no and our
witnesses will prove to you that his true intentions were to expand the Mongol Empire for his
people and only for his people. Members of the jury, you will hear many different accounts of
witnesses from a range of places from the prosecution but remember, the Mongols had barely
any writing system with just the top advisors of Genghis Khan knowing how to write. Most of
those accounts were destroyed and so much of the hard evidence is in the POV of the people
being affected. Genghis Khan and his army were much more advanced strategically and
militarily and so it seems like they came after individual groups of people because of the
accounts of the conquered. He, like many other rulers was ruthless in his tactics but other rulers
had other accounts praising him while Genghis Khan had none. We, the defense of Genghis
Khan, will call four witnesses to prove our point that Genghis Khan did not have the intentions
that he was charged with. Listen closely to what each one has to say because the life of the
greatest ruler this world has ever seen life might depend on it.

Witness Questions:
William of Rubruck (prob not):
Genghis Khan (maybe): just no they can cross the cross out of him
When and where did Genghis Khan die?
He died in 1227 at Yinchuan, China
Yet after his death instead of continuing to attack where he had left off you led the siege
of Baghdad, why did you do this instead of just keep moving into China like Genghis
Khan did?
I moved my sights to Baghdad because one of my trusted advisors told me that if Baghdad fell,
the entirity of the Islam community would fall with it, so I took it over to protect it from later
attacks(fix this a bit)
So you were not influenced by your grandfather, in the attack on Baghdad, but your
advisor, N ​ aṣir-al-Din Ṭusi?
Can you read this article to the jury about the Geneva convention?
Yes. It states here that No one man can be held accountable for another man's actions
And your father had no actions in the Siege of Baghdad right?
(to jury)What can Genghis Khan be accused of as he didn’t commit any actions in the
Siege of Baghdad, allowing the Geneva convention to protect him, nor did he have any
influence over Hulegu in the Siege of Baghdad, but instead ​Naṣir-al-Din Ṭusi did.
Kublai Khan:
Chinese Scholar: ​Who are you and where are you from?  
What are your religious beliefs?  
Were they affected when the Yuan dynasty came into power? 

Cross Examination Questions:

Marco Polo: How can you say Genghis Khan deliberately stopped and hindered trade routes?
Did you write except about the Yuan dynasty and what did you say in it?
Pope Innocent IV - asked guyuk khan for the pardon of Europe from conquering but Guyul said
no - repeated this with many trips
Caliph of Baghdad

Closing Statement: ​Genghis Khan was not a man of violence but instead was a revolutionary
who saw his sick world and wanted to do something about it. He never intended to harm the
people but help improve his kingdoms, and other kingdoms quality of life. He didn't harm or
worsen trade in any was but actually improved it by making it safer and easier to pass through.
The merchant felt safer with the mongols around them.
Genghis khan instituted religious tolerance of other areas in his governments, even
allowing those whom he conquered to rule themselves. As you heard from Xu Heng, his
grandson implemented the values his Grandfather had taught him to allow for the diffusion of
Chinese culture to the Mongols.
According to the Geneva Convention, a man cannot be punished for another man’s
crimes. As you heard from Hulegu, Genghis had nothing to do with the sack of Baghdad.
Hulegu was 10 when Genghis Khan died and wouldn’t have learned anything from him. Also,
Genghis Khan was aiming more of the East coast of China while Hulegu went to Persia. Hulegu
implemented some terror tactics but Genghis Khan had nothing to do with it. It will be a mockery
of our justice system if Genghis Khan is charged with this crime that he didn’t even commit.
Additionally Helugu listened and was influenced b.y Naṣir-al-Din Ṭusi, his advisor, into the siege
of Baghdad nor by Genghis Khan
Lastly, genocide is ​the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a
particular ethnic group or nation. This isn’t what Genghis Khan did. As you heard from himslef,
The seige of kaifeng was only implemented after the Jin killed one of the Mongolian dimplomats.
Before this, both kingdoms were talking about peace treaties, Genghis khan only attacked after
one of his peoplewas killed which clearly isn’t genocide. This was warfare. Genghis Khan went
through war during his whole life; he fought against kingdoms and demolished them because of
his high skill military and amazing strategic mind. This cannot be tried as genocide becuase of

Extra evidence:
This trial itself is a complete embarrassment to our legal system. This man hasn’t done
anything wrong throughout his life. He looked out for his people which is what any great leader
would do. He is misunderstood and thus is charged with these outrageous crimes that make no
sense whatsoever. Please stand with us to free the greatest military strategist the world has

In the ​Mongol siege of Kaifeng​ from 1232 to 1233, the ​Mongol Empire​ captured ​Kaifeng​, the
capital of the ​Jurchen​Jin dynasty​. The Mongols and Jurchens had ​been at war​ for nearly two
decades, beginning in 1211 after the Jurchens refused the Mongol offer to submit as a vassal.
Ögedei Khan​sent two armies to besiege Kaifeng, one led by himself, and the other by his brother
Tolui​. Command of the forces, once they converged into a single army, was given to ​Subutai​ who
led the siege. The Mongols arrived at the walls of Kaifeng on April 8, 1232.
The siege deprived the city of resources, and its residents were beset with famine and disease.
Jurchen soldiers defended the city with ​fire lances​ and bombs of gunpowder, killing many Mongols
and severely injuring others. The Jurchens tried to arrange a peace treaty, but the assassination of a
Mongol diplomat foiled their efforts. ​Emperor Aizong​, the Jurchen emperor, fled the city for the town
of Caizhou. The city was placed under the command of General ​Cui Li​, who executed the emperor's
loyalists and promptly surrendered to the Mongols. The Mongols captured Kaifeng on February 26,
1233, and looted the city. The dynasty fell two years later after the suicide of Aizong and the ​capture
of Caizhou​ in 1234.

Xu Heng​, (born 1209, China—died 1281, China), Chinese 

neo-Confucian​ thinker who became the leading scholar in the court 
of the ​Mongol​ ruler K
​ ublai Khan​ (1215–94). 

The Mongols reunited C ​ hina​ after the fall of the Southern ​Song 
dynasty​ in 1279. After this event the i​ ntellectual​ dynamism of the 
South profoundly affected intellectual discourse and scholarship in 
Northern China, which had been conquered in 1127 by the J ​ urchen 
people. The intellectual system of the great Southern thinker ​Zhu Xi 
(1130–1200), whose interpretation of C
​ onfucianism​ established the 
first major school of the movement subsequently known as 
neo-Confucianism, attained dominance. Although the harsh 
treatment of scholars by the Mongol conquerors, who established 
the Y​ uan dynasty​ (1206–1368), dampened intellectual activity, 
outstanding Confucian thinkers nevertheless emerged throughout 
the period. Some opted to purify themselves by leaving the court of 
the non-Chinese rulers, hoping to preserve the Confucian Way for 
the future. Others decided to put their teaching into practice by 
becoming engaged in politics. 

Xu Heng took a practical approach. Appointed by Kublai Khan as the 

president of the Imperial Academy and respected as the leading 
scholar in the court, Xu Heng conscientiously introduced Zhu Xi’s 
teaching to the Mongols. He assumed personal responsibility for 
educating the sons of the Mongol nobility to become qualified 
teachers of ​Confucian Classics​. His erudition and skills in m ​ edicine​, 
legal affairs, ​irrigation​, military science, ​arithmetic​, and a
​ stronomy 
enabled him to be an informed adviser to the conquest ​dynasty​. He 
not only set the tone for the eventual success of the Confucianization 
of Yuan ​bureaucracy​ but also ensured that Zhu Xi’s interpretation of 
the Confucian Way would prevail. In fact, it was the Yuan court that 
first officially adopted the Four Books (​Sishu​) as the basis of the ​civil 
service​ ​examination​, a practice that was to be observed until 1905. 

Ella script:

Who were you and how did the Mongols affect your life?
I was ​Xu Heng a chinese scholars who worked as the president of Kublai Khan's courts as a
Confucianist. I was affected by the Mongols because they came and attacked us and conquered
us. They took me as a prisoner as well but they freed me soon after.
Were you just freed to wonder or did you still have a connection with the Mongols?
I was freed but I was also asked to come and serve in the Mongolian courts. Kublai Khan really
respected me and appointed me as the president of the Imperial Academy and a leading scholar
of the Mongolian court.
With this position of power, how did you influence the Mongols
I was able to teach the Mongol scholars about the Chinese culture and who we are. I had the
opportunity to teach the sons of nobles Confucianism and was able to spread it across the