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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING MOCK - B __ Solutions

01. Ans: (D) 03. Ans: (B)


m1a1  m 2a 2 Sol: Work tolerance on hole = 0.06 mm
Sol: acm =
m1  m 2 Gauge tolerance = 0.006 mm
a1 = a2 = g
 acm = g 0.06
Hole
GO 0.006

02. Ans: (C) (Upper limit)GO gauge = 30 – 0.03+0.006


Sol: = 29.976 mm
r2 (Lower limit)GO gauge = 30 – 0.03
r1 = 29.970 mm
 GO gauge dimensions
Insulation
= 29.976 00..000 0.006
006 or 29.970 0.000

d1 = 1 cm
r1 = 0.5 cm = 5 mm 04. Ans: (D)
2
ho = 12 W/m K Sol: Friction at the sleeve of centrifugal
(k)insu = 0.108 W/mK governor makes it insensitive over a small
For maximum heat transfer, range of speed. The position of the sleeve
k insu 0.108
Critical radius = rc = r2 =  remains unchanged over a range of speed.
h0 12

= 910–3 m 05. Ans: 24


r2 = 9 mm Sol: Given that F(x) = f(g(x))
Critical thickness = r2 – r1  F1(x) = f1(g(x)). g1(x) (  by chain rule)
= 9 – 5 = 4 mm
 F1(5) = f1(g(5)). g1(5)
 F1(5) = f1(–2) .6
 F1(5) = (4) (6) = 24
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:2: Mechanical Engineering _Solutions

06. Ans: (C) 09. Ans: 10 [Range 10 to 10]


Sol: Entropy change of iron block 2D C 0
Sol: Q* 
Q dT Cc
Siron   =  mCav
T T
2  8000  300
T   = 400 units
= mCavn 2  30
 T1  D 8000
N  = 20 orders
 285  Q * 400
= 50  0.45  n 
 500  Time between orders
= –12.65 kJ/K Number of working days
T
N
07. Ans: 390 [Range 390 to 390] 200
T = 10 working days
Sol: E = 300 MPa 20

   0 1.3 0   0 With 20 orders placed each year, an order


Engineering strain, e  
0 0 for 400 transistors is placed every 10

e  0.3 working days.

Now, T = E (1 + e)
10. Ans: (D)
= 300 (1 + 0.3)
Sol: We know that,
T = 390 MPa
P(A  B)  min of {P(A), P(B)}

08. Ans: (B)  P(A  B)  0.25 ......... (1)

P  d t t per we have, P(A  B)  P(S)


Sol: T  = 0.8
P.t. t per  {P(A) + P(B) – P(A  B)}  1
 {0.25 + 0.8 – P(A  B)}  1
 d
1    0.8
 P  0.05  P(A  B) ........... (2)

d 20 From (1) and (2), we have


 0.2  P 
P 0.2 0.05  P(A  B)  0.25
P = 100 mm

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:3: GATE _ Full Length Mock Test

11. Ans: (A) 13. Ans: (B)


Sol: A joint produced without a filler metal is Sol:
N
called autogenous, and its weld zone is
composed of the resolidified base metal. A Ri

joint made with a filler metal has a central


Ro
zone called the weld metal and is composed
F T / Ro
of a mixture of the base and the filler    cons tant
A 2R o L
metals.
du 2N / 60   R o
 N
dy Ro  Ri
12. Ans: (B)
Thus, shear stress is constant and shear
Sol: Dimensions of a unit cell representing a
strain rate increases with respect to time.
tetragonal unit are:
  
a = b  c ;  =  =  = 90o. The apparent viscosity a  du / dy 
 
Unit cell:
decreases with respect to time. Hence, the
 A unit cell is a part of the material
type of fluid is thixotropic.
which explains whole structure of the
material. 14. Ans: (C)
 A unit cell of three dimensional crystal Sol: A1 = A2 (from the figure)
lattice is formed by intercepts a, b and c

F1-2 = F2-1 = 1  sin  
along the three axes respectively i.e. x, 2
y and z.
 10 
F1-2 = 1  sin   = 1 – sin5 = 0.912
 The three angles ,  and  are called 2
the inter facial angles of the crystal.
The intercepts and interfacial angles 15. Ans: (A)

constitute the lattice parameter. A Sol: |adjA| = |A|n−1


‘primitive cell’ may be defined as unit
 − 11 (4 − 6) + 3 (4 − 6) = |A|2
cells, which possess lattice points at its
 22 − 6 = |A|2
corners only.
∴ |A| = 4
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:4: Mechanical Engineering _Solutions

16. Ans: (B) 19. Ans: (C)


u u u
Sol: a x  u v 
17. Ans: (D) x y t

 x  1    y  x
0   2 
Sol:
=     
 For a given cantilever beam, portion BC is  t  t   t   t 

subjected to constant (hogging) bending =0


moment of 20 kN.m. v v v
ay  u v 
x y t
 Portion AB is subjected to constant
x   y   1   y 
(sagging) bending moment of (50 – 20) = =  0       2 
t  t  t   t 
30 kN.m.
Thus, the bending moment diagram can be 2y
=
t2
drawn as shown in the figure below.
 2y
50 kN.m 20 kN.m a  a x î  a y ĵ  0î  2 ĵ
A B C
t
2y
30 kN.m
= ĵ
(+ve)
t2
A B (–ve) C
20 kN.m
BMD 20. Ans: (B)
Sol: For N stage reciprocating compressor, the
optimum pressure ratio per stage for
18. Ans: (C) minimum work is given by
Sol: Following are values of hot hardness 1
 P N
temperatures of the following tool materials: r   d 
 Carbide – 1000oC  Ps 

 Stellite – 800oC Where, Pd = discharge pressure,


Ps = suction pressure
 Ceramic – 1200oC
For 4 stage reciprocating compressor, N = 4
 High speed steel – 600oC
 r = 16 1/ 4 = 2

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:5: GATE _ Full Length Mock Test

21. Ans: 1 24. Ans: (D)


Sol: If rank of A is 2, then |A| = 0 dy
Sol: (1  t )  4y
dt
 (x– 1) (x2 + x +1) = 0

 y dy   1  t dt
1 4
1 3 i
 x = 1,
2
Log y = 4 log (1+t) +logc
x=1
y = c(1+t)4
y (0) = 1 1 = c(1+0)4  c = 1
22. Ans: 75 [Range: 75 to 75]
y = (1+t)4
Sol: Given data:
F = 10 kN, b = 200 mm, max = 1 MPa
25. Ans: 3 [Range: 3 to 3]
For a rectangular beam,
3 Sol: Q2 
Q1
1  cos 
max   avg 2
2
3 F Q3 
Q1
1  cos 
 1  2
2 b.d
Q 2 1  cos 60
3 10  10 3  =3
 1  Q 3 1  cos 60
2 200  d
 d = 75 mm
26. Ans: (B)
Sol:
23. Ans: (B) B Q
37
2
V 3
Sol: t    P
A
 3  37 VA
t   2   t  2 A
 6 
 
V = 8 times ‘Q’ is instantaneous centre of link AB with
  3 8  2 times respect to rigid frame

 t = 4 times VB = BQ.AB
10
AB  = 2.504 rad/s
5 cos 37
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:6: Mechanical Engineering _Solutions

VP = PQ.AB 28. Ans: (D)

PQ = 32  5 cos 37   2  3  5 cos 37 . cos 37


2 Sol: We know that, natural frequency is given
by,
= 9  5cos 2 37 = 2.41
  static deflection of mass
VP = 2.412.504 = 6.034 m/s 2mg
   deflection of spring
s
27. Ans: 103.47 [Range: 102 to 105] Deflection of mass,
Sol: Energy balance: 4 mg
  2 
Thi = 300
s
1 = 180 Hot water
g s
Tce = 120C The = 87.5 n  s 
2 = 52.5 4 mg 4m
Cold water Tci = 35C
1000
n   7.07 rad / s
Heat released by hot water = Heat received 45
by cold water
 h Cph The  The   m
m  cCpc Tce  Tci  29. Ans: 768 [Range: 766 to 769]

( both fluid is water) Sol:


P 3
5000(300 – The) = 12500(120 – 35) Q 4
300 – The = 2.5  85 2
The = 300 – 212.5 = 87.5 1

  
 Tce  120 o C  The  87.5o C  V

 It is counter flow type of heat exchanger.


Vc = V3 = V2 = 120.4 cc
1   2
LMTD(m) =  2 
  Vs  D L =  82  12 = 603.2 cc
n  1  4 4
 2 
V1 = VS + Vc = 723.6 cc
180  52.5 V1 723 .6
= = 103.47C Compression ratio, r   =6
 180 
n   V2 120 .4
 52.5 
The efficiency of Otto cycle is given by,

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:7: GATE _ Full Length Mock Test

1 1 W   21    21 
2
 1 = 1
   56 
=  7  x   x
2
r  1 6 0.4 Qs 2  2 
W
0.512     21 
2
   21 
2

 x   56    x  7
2
1500
 2   2 
 W = 768 kJ/kg
   21   x  35 
2 2

 x       56 
2

 2   2 
30. Ans: 0.2 [Range: 0.15 to 0.25]
 21  35   2x  14 
     56 
2
dy
 x 3  2y (  f x, y  )
dy 
Sol: Given that  2  2 
dx dx
with y(0) = 0.25 ( y(x0)= y0)  x  7  
562
Let x0 = 0, y0 = 0.25 & h = 0.1  56 / 2
Then x1 = x0 + h = 0.1 x = 105 MN/m2
The formula for Euler's forward method is
32. Ans: (D)
y(x1) ≃ y1 = y0 + h f(x0, y0)
P = 1200 rpm,
 y(0.1) ≃ y1 = 0.25 + (0.1) x 30  2 y 0 
Sol: TP = 25,
G = 200 rpm, m = 4 mm
 y(0.1) ≃ y1 = 0.25 + (0.1) [0 –2(0.25)] TG  P

T1  G
 y(0.1) ≃ y1 = 0.25 – (0.1) (0.5)
1200
= 0.25 – 0.05 = 0.2 TG   25  150
200

31. Ans: 105 [Range: 104 to 106] Center distance (c) =


m
TG  TP 
2
Sol: Given data:
y = 21 MN/m 2 c
4
25  150   350 mm
2
xy = –56 MN/m2
min = –7 MN/m2 33. Ans: (D)
Minimum principal stress is given by, Sol: λ = 6 customers per hour
2 μ = 10 customers per hour
x  y  x   y 
min      2xy  6
2  2  Traffic intensity =   = =0.6
 10
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:8: Mechanical Engineering _Solutions

Expected time a customer spends in the


1 35. Ans: (B)
system = Ws 
 Sol: Given v = y + e–x cosy

=
1 1
 hr = 15 min  vx = –e–x cos(y)
10  6 4 and vy = 1 – e–x sin (y)
Expected probability that a customer shall Consider
wait for more than t minutes in the queue du = (ux) dx + (uy) dy = (vy) dx + (–vx) dy
t / ws
= Wq(t) = e  du = (1 – e–x sin y ) dx + (e–x cos y) dy
Wq 10   0.6  e 10 / 15 = 0.31   du =  (1 – e–x sin y) dx +  0 dy + k

Probability of waiting upto 10 min in the  u = x+ e-x sin y + k


queue = 1 – probability of waiting greater Now the required analytic function f(z) is
than 10 min. given by f(z) = u + i v
= 1 – 0.31 = 0.69  f(z) = (x + e–x sin y + k) + i (y + e–x cos y)
 f(z) = z + ie–z + k
34. Ans: (C)
Sol: d = 100 mm, 36. Ans: (A)
Sol: The four single phases in the iron carbon
t = 3 mm,
phase diagram are:
u = 50 MPa,
1. Ferrite (alpha): Which is the room
S = 1 mm,
temperature body centred cubic
k = 50%
structure.
Fmax = dt u
2. Austenite (gamma): Which is the room
=   100  3  50 = 47.12 kN
temperature body centred cubic phase.
Since, work done with shear = work done
3. Delta-ferrite (delta): The high
without shear
temperature body centred cubic phase.
 F (kt + S) = Fmax kt
4. Cementite (Fe3C): The iron carbon
47.12
F intermetallic compound that occurs at
1
1
0.5  3 6.67 wt. percent carbon.
F = 28.272 kN
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:9: GATE _ Full Length Mock Test

37. Ans: (D) 10 3


R x  10  
Sol: For the valve to remain closed, the moment 3 2
due to the buoyant force on the ball must Rx = – 5 N

equal the moment due to resultant force on


the valve. 39. Ans: (B)

Or, FR1 = FB5 Sol: TA = 130, TB = 55

 NB = 95 rpm
 water  8.0   0.012 1   water  submerged  5 B
4 N B  NC T
 A C
 1 N A  NC TB
Or, submerged = 8.0   0.012 
4 5 95  N C 130 A

= 0.40.012 m3  NC 55

= 40 cm3 9555 – 55NC = 130NC


95  55
NC  = 28.24 rpm
38. Ans: 5 [Range: 5 to 5] 185

Sol: Torque about hinge,  = 10  1 = 10 N-m


40. Ans: (A)
 = I
Sol:
10  32
10       1rad / s 2
3 3 (1) (2)
Tangential acceleration of centre of mass,

a t cm  L    3 1  3 m / s2 h
2r
2 2 2
F.B.D of rod is shown below:
Ry r
Rx
10 N Modulus of casting 1,
r 2 h
m1 
2rh  2r 2
Net force along horizontal direction = Mass
r 3 r
 Acceleration of centre of mass along  
4r 2
4
horizontal direction
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: 10 : Mechanical Engineering _Solutions

Modulus of casting 2, m1T1  m 2T2


Final temperature, T =
m1  m 2 
2r 
4 3
2r
m2  3  100  150  50  60
42r  = = 120C
2
3
100  50 
2
1  m1   r
2 2
  3 Change in entropy (S)
      3      0.14
 2  m 2   4  2r   8 
T T
S = m1cn  m 2 cn
T1 T2
41. Ans: (A) 393 393
2 2
= 100  4.2n  50  4.2n
Sol: Given (2xy – 9x )dx + (2y + x +1)dy = 0 423 333
Here, M = 2xy – 9x2 = 3.894 kJ/K
and N = 2y + x2 + 1 Decrease in availability = ToS
M N = 293  3.894 = 1140.9 kJ/kg
Now, = 2x =
y x
 The given D.E is exact 43. Ans: (C)
Now the general solution of the given D.E is Sol: P

(2xy – 9x2) dx + (2y + 0 + 1) dy = C


B
x3
 x2 y – 9 + y2 + y = C ........ (1) A D
3 RD RB
a L
but y = – 3 at x = 0
Now (1) becomes By taking moment about point D,
0–0+9–3=C MD = 0
C=6 aP+LRB = 0
 The solution of a given D.E is
R B  
aP
downward
x2y – 3x 3 + y2 + y = 6 L

Over the portion AD:


42. Ans: 1140.9 [Range: 1138 to 1142] Bending moment at distance x from A,
Sol: Given: T1 = 50 + 273 = 423 K, M = –Px
T2 = 60 + 273 = 333 K Strain energy is given by,

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: 11 : GATE _ Full Length Mock Test

a
M 2 dx 44. Ans: 54 [Range: 53 to 55]
U AD   P
0
2EI M Sol: L = 576 mm, D = 100 mm,
a N = 144 rpm, f = 0.2 mm/rev
1
 
2EI 0
P 2 x 2 dx A
x
D
Then, V = DN
V
a =   0.1  144
P2  x3  P 2a 3
    = 45.24 m/min
2EI  3  0 6EI
According to Taylor’s equation,
Over the portion DB:
VT0.75 = 75
D B 45.25  T0.75 = 75
M
 T = 2 min
y
576
aP Time for turning one bar =
L 0.2 144
Bending moment at distance y from B, = 20 min
20
M
aP
y  Total number of tools required =  10
L 2
Strain energy, Hence, the total time required for one bar
L L = 10 (2 + 3) + 4 = 54 min
M2 1 a 2P2 2
U DB   dy   2
y .dy
0
2 EI 2 EI 0
L
L 45. Ans: (B)
a 2P 2  y3 
   Sol: From the definition of the stream function,
2EIL2  3  0
1  
vr   and v 
a 2P2L r  r

6EI
We write
Total strain energy of beam AB,
1 
 Ar1  Br 2 cos 
U  UAD  UDB r 
P 2a 3 a 2 P 2 L 
  Or,  A  Br 1 cos 
6EI 6EI 

P 2a 2 Integrating with respect to , we get


 a  L
6EI  = – A – Br–1sin + f1(r)

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: 12 : Mechanical Engineering _Solutions

Differentiating with respect to r , we get 47. Ans: (D)


 Sol: Given curve 'C' is a closed curve.
 Br 2 sin   f1r 
r So, we have to evaluate the integral by using

But  v  Br 2 sin   f1r  = Br–2sin Green's theorem.
r
By Green's theorem, we have
or, f1r   0
 N M 
Integrating with respect to r,  M dx  N dy     x  y  dx dy
C R

f1(r) = C
Then,  = –A – Br–1sin + C
Now,  x  y dx  x  3y  dy 
C

where, C is an arbitrary constant.   


Given that  = 0,  = 0  C = 0
=   x x  3y  y x  y dx dy
R

Hence,

   A 
B sin  

=  1   1 dx dy
 r  R

= 2 1dx dy = 2(Area of the circle 'C')


R
46. Ans: (D)
= 2(r2)r=4 = 32 
Sol: The steady flow energy equation per unit
mass of air-fuel mixture between start and
48. Ans: (A)
end of combustion chamber can be written
Sol: Zmax = x1 + 2x2
as:
x1 x 2
V2  1
h1  1  Q  h 2 1 1 x2
2 3 (0,3)
x1 x 2
V12  3
C p T1   Q  C p  T2 1 3
2 2

Q = 1000  103J/kg
(0,1)
2 1
100
1000  300   1000  103  1000  T2
2
–1 1 2 3 x1
T2 = 1305 K
(–1,0) (1,0)

From the graph there is no common feasible


solution.
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: 13 : GATE _ Full Length Mock Test

49. Ans: (A) L


x3
=  .TB . .dx
T1  T2 T  300 L3
Sol:  carnot   1 0

T1 T1
1
= L..TB
E = 0.36 or 36% T1 4
E This deformation ‘’ has to be restricted.
2ndlaw =
carnot 
E    E.
0.36 L
0 .6 
T1  300 1
T2 = 300 K E  L..TB
T1 4
=
0.6T1  300 
L
 0.36
T1 1
= E..TB
4
 T1  750 K
1
=  100  103  21  106  40
4
50. Ans: (C) = 21 MPa
Sol:
A B
51. Ans: 15.3 [Range: 15 to 16]
dx
Sol: Work piece
x 10

Let us consider an element of length dx at a


25
distance x from A.
Given, at any distance x 60
Drill bit
3
x
T  TB .
L3 Total length travelled by drill bit,
dS = elongation of element dx 10
 25  4
= . T. dx 2 tan 60 o
x3 L = 31.88 mm
= .TB . dx
L3 L 31.88
T  = 15.3 sec
 = Total elongation of bar AB under free fN 0.5  250
expansion
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: 14 : Mechanical Engineering _Solutions

52. Ans: (B) Note: The pressure at point ‘A’ is not equal
Sol: Given data: I = 10000A to atmospheric pressure even though the
5 elevation of point ‘A’ is same as that of free
Time,   0.1sec
50 surface because the fluid at ‘A’ is in motion
3
Heat required, u = 30 J/mm and hydrostatic law is not applicable.
Total heat required, Hm = 30V
[Where, V = volume of weld nugget] 54. Ans: 0.0045 (Range 0.004 TO 0.005)
–6
Contact resistance, R = 30010  Sol: Let X = number of accidents between 5 P.M
Heat supplied, Hs = I2 R  and 6 P.M.
–6
=10000 30010 0.1
2
For Poisson distribution,
= 3000 J = np = (1000) (0.0001) = 0.1

Now, m 
Hm e   .x
P(X= x) = (x = 0, 1, 2,……..)
Hs x
30V Required Probability = P(X  2)
 0.8 
3000 = 1 – P(X < 2)
 V = 80 mm 3
= 1 – {P(X = 0) + P(X = 1)}
= 1 – e–0.1 (1 + 0.1)
53. Ans: 70 [Range: 69 to 71]
= 0.0045
Sol: Applying Bernoulli’s equation between
point ‘A’ and the exit (B) of siphon 55. Ans: 1692.33 [Range: 1689 to 1694]
PA VA2 P V2 Sol:
  ZA  B  B  ZB T
g 2g g 2g T2
Tm

 
Tm
PA  PB  VA2  VB2  gZB  ZA 
2  3 4 
As the pipe diameter is constant the velocity 2
T1
remains same by virtue of continuity
equation Given, T2 = 2.8T1 ,
 VA = VB 2    250
 = 26.18 rad/sec
60
 PA = 70 kPa
Cs = 0.01
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: 15 : GATE _ Full Length Mock Test

Let T be the load torque, T = 18.5kW 60. Ans: (A)


2 N Tm Sol: a0 = 1; an = 2an1 if n is odd
 18.5  103  Tm = 707N-m
60
an = an1 if n is even
4Tm = –T1 + T2 = (1.8T1)
a100 = a100  1 = a99 = 2.a99  1
T1 = 1571.11N-m
= 2.a99 = 2.a98  1 = 2a97
Energy stored in flywheel
= 2.2a971 = 22.a96 ……… 250.a0 = 250
= (T2 – Tm)
=  (2.8  1571.11 – 707)
61. Ans: (C)
= 11599.099 N-m
Sol: A = 1; B = 1
11599.099 = I  Cs 2
(a) B = B + 1 = 2
11599 .099
 I = 1692.33 kg-m2 (b) & (c) A = A × B = 1 × 2 = 2
26.18  0.01
2
Step 2: B = 2 + 1 = 3; A = A × B = 2 × 3 = 6
Step 3: B = 3 + 1 = 4; A = A × B = 6×4 = 24
56. Ans: (D)
Step 4: B = 4 + 1 = 5; A = 24 × 5 = 120
Sol: (PART AND THE WHOLE) A fragment is
Step 5: B = 5 + 1 = 6; A = 120 × 6 = 720
a piece of broken bone; a shard is a piece of
broken pottery.
62. Ans: (A)

57. Ans: (A) Sol: Ratio of efficiency (P & Q) = 2 : 1


Ratio of efficiency (P + Q, R) = 3 : 1
58. Ans: (D) If R does 1 unit work, then P& Q together
Sol: Irretrievably means impossible to recover or do 3 units.
get back, so irrevocably is the correct Out of 3 units, P does 2 units and Q does 1
synonym, which means not capable of being unit.
changed : impossible to revoke.  Ratio of efficiency (P, Q & R) = 2 : 1 : 1
Hence, earnings should be divided in the
59. Ans: (B)
ratio is 2 : 1 : 1
Sol: Indiscriminate (adj.) means not
discriminating or choosing randomly;
haphazard; without distinction.
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: 16 : Mechanical Engineering _Solutions

63. Ans: (C) 65. Ans: (B)


Sol: In 1972, A was as old as the number formed Sol: The issue is more about punishing criminals,
by the last two digits of his year of birth. and so punishment is more important than
So, A was born in 1936 (as in 1972, he is 36 crime prevention (correct answer B).
yrs older also, last two digits of 1936 are
36).
Hence, B was born in 1936 + 15 = 1951
So, he is 21 yrs old in 1972

64. Ans: (B)


Sol: Difference (in thousands) between the
numbers of customers in the 2 complexes in:
January: 22 – 20 = 2
February: 25 – 24 = 1
March: 20 – 15 = 5
April: 28 – 25 = 3
May: 20 – 14 = 6 [Max]
June: 20 – 15 = 5

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