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/CONTARE ARTS IN ITS DIFFERENT FORMS

THE NATURE OF ARTS VISUAL ARTS


- Is an expression of our thoughts, emotions, - It takes a permanent form and allows
intuitions and desires appreciation by viewing the physical form of the
- Is a tangible manifestation and product of human artists imagination and expression
activity that allows the expression of
DRAWING
individuality through a set of skills
- Is a motion of communicating or conveying - Is a creation or an image, diagram or a form
insights and emotions. using drawing tools such as pen, ink, brush,
pencil, charcoal, crayons
ARTS AS DEFINED IN VARIED WAYS
PAINTING
PLATO (427 – 347 BC)
- A creative expression using pigment or color on
- “Art is merely an imitation of reality”
a surface for (aesthetic) value
LEO TOLSTOY
CERAMIC
- “Art is the production of objects from the
- May take the form of pottery, sculpture and
external environment that pleases the senses”
figurines
EUGENE VERON - “KERAMIKOS” – GREEK
- Ceramic needs to be cooked
- “Art is an external manifestation created and
produced through lines, movements, sounds, PHOTOGRAPHY
color and emotions”
- This art is through pictures taken by a
LEONARDO DA VINCI photographer
- An art where one produces images of varied
- “The queen of all sciences communicating
objects through lights and other forms of radiant
knowledge to all generations of the world”
energy
ELEMENTS OF ARTS ARCHITECTURE
FORM
- A creation of science with art purposive of
- includes shape and perceived volume designing structures
- also known as “STROKES” - “ARCHITEKTON” – GREEK
- marks the distance between two points
SCULPTURE
- create a moving point
- Is a from of fabric textile production where two
COLOR
distinct set of yarns, fibrous material or thread
- element that is produced when light strikes an are interlaced to form a fabric cloth
image
LITERARY ARTS
- HUE, VALUE, INTENSITY
- This art form denotes “LETTER” as a literature
SPACE
which come from the Latin word “LITTERA”
- Provided by artist for a specific purpose
PERFORMING ARTS
- POSITIVE SPACE – object
- NEGATIVE SPACE – surrounds the object - It involves creative activity that is performed
and delivered in front of a spectators
MUSIC
- Art that involves the creative use of sound to
express sights and emotions
THEATRE WEAVING
- “THEATRON” – GREEK – which is a place - Traditional source of living (TNALAK -
where spectators gather to watch a performance MARANAO)
or show
SCULPTURE
DANCE
- Carving focuses on the anito figures which they
- This is an expression represented by sequenced believe has ancestral spirits and gods
body movements
THE EVOLUTION OF PHILIPPNE ART
HISPANIC ARTS
PRE-COLONIAL ERA
- Marked the beginning of cultural transformation
- Longest period of Philippine literature through the use of the “SWORD AND THE
- Arts for ritual or everyday use CROSS”
- Proofs that the earliest inhabitants were learned - Art became the handmaiden of religion, serving
people before the Spaniards occupation to propagate the catholic faith and support the
colonial order at the same time
LITERATURE
- Religion became reflected in the practice of arts
FOLK SPEECHES under the supervision of the friars

- These are riddles which has the talinhaga or LITERATURE


metaphor that test keen analytical ability of
POETRY
listener
- Religious poetry during Hispanic rule was either
PROVERBS OR APHORISM
lyrics or narratives ex: “dalit” and “PASYON”
- These escapulate the rules of conduct and
PROSE
community beliefs which instill the values
through short verses with rhyme that is full of - Religious narratives prose consists of those
wisdom written to prescribe proper behavior
- Channels for instruction in catholic faith and
FOLK SONG
colonization of the students in all catholic
- A folk lyric expressing the relationships, lesson schools ex: “Manuel de Urbanidad”,
about aspiration of people in the community “Pagsusulatan ng dalawang binibini na si Urbana
at Feliza”
FOLK NARRATIVES
VISUAL ARTS
- These are epics and folk tales such as legends
which explain the origin of the world, places and SCULPTURE AND ARCHITECTURE
other creations
- Manifested through the building of churches, the
VISUAL ARTS grandest achievements in this manner are the
retablos or altar pieces which are the center of
DANCES the church
- Preforming during special occasions such as PAINTING
birth, baptism, circumcision, puberty rites,
courtship, wedding, during illness and death - Religious icons, saints, religious scenes were the
focus of painting in this period ex: “JUAN
POTTERY LUNA - SPOLIARUM” Felix Resurrecion
- Most ancient arts during the pre-colonial PRINTING
MANUNGGUL JAR
- Done through the xylographic method using
woodblocks
AMERICAN ARTS PAINTING
- Marked profound changes in the Philippine Arts - Paintings were utilized for commercial purposes
as the introduction of public education brought such as advertising and commercial products
forth literacy and the further westernization of - “VICTORIO EDADES” – his works were
the Filipinos considered the first ever modernist painting as it
- Art illustration, advertising and commercial shown hardships of the working class in the
design gained popularity and incorporated in Philippines
fine arts - VICTORIO EDADES worked on naked and
disturbed paintings
LITERARY ARTS
- “FERNANDO AMORSOLO” known for his
FREE VERSE romantic paintings that captured the warm glow
of the Philippine sunlight
- Became the hallmark of modern poetry through - “THE PHILIPPINE READERS (textbook) and
the writing of “LIKE A MOLAVE” by Zulueta de the independent (illustration)”
Costain, in 1940 which topped all other ntries in - Fernando Amorsolo created the San Miguel
the Commonwealth literary contest Ginebra Logo
FILIPINO NOVELS
- These were written in English and have JAPANESE ARTS
proliferated as literature was infused with
American Pop Culture - Time when Filipino literature was given a
chance to flourish specifically in the form of
ESSAYS literary arts
- The entry of modernism provided an alternative - GREATER EAST ASIA CO-PROSPERITY
to the conventions. These essays embarked on SPHERE a propaganda that sought to create a
the social, political, and economic realities of pan-asian identity that rejected western
these times traditions

PERFORMING ARTS LITERATURE

THEATER POETRY

- American colonial tradition highly influenced - The usual theme was about love of country, real
Filipino Theater that can be seen in “BODABIL” life, religions and arts
(from the French word “VOVDEVILLE”) - HAIKU (5-7-5, about nature)

VISUAL ARTS SHORT STORY

- The American colonial strategy was - This literary form became progressive during the
implemented throughout the public-school Japanese occupation
system - “BRIGIDO BATUNGBKAL”, “MACARIO
- “VISUAL ARTS ILLUSTRATION ARTS AND PINEDA”, “LIWAY ARCEO”, “NVM
CARTOONS” became a necessity for GONZALES”, and “GLORIA GUZMAN”
distribution in the public schools - “HOBODU” – information bureau
- “ADVERTISING AND COMMERCIAL - “LEON MA GUERERO”, “RAUL
DESIGNS, LANDSCAPES” became in demand MANGLAPOZ”, and “CARLOS BULOSAN”
journalists that was suppressed by a prohibition
SCULPTURE
PERFORMING ARTS
- “GUILLERMO TOLENTINO” and
“NAPOLEON ABUEVA” – prominent DRAMA
sculptors in these eras - DRAMATIC PHILIPPINES was established by
- “BONIFACIO MONUMENT AND FRANCISCO soc RODRIGO, ALBERT
OBLATION” CONCIO, and NARCISO PIMENTEL
- Most of the play was the reproduction of English
plays translated to tagalog
MUSIC
- The Japanese government held lectures on
oriental music to allow appreciation of Asian
and not western music
- “PHILIPPINE PHILHARMONIC
ORCHESTRA” rise in this era
- “AWIT SA PAGLIKHA NG BAGONG
PILIPINAS” NI Felipe P. Deleon
VISUAL ARTS
SCULPTURE
- Abstract sculptures were prominent in this
period, sculptors like Nestor Vinluan and Phyllis
Zaballero. Both of the them uses elements that
are symbolic and high of emotions
- SIGNIFIES CHAOS
PAINTING
- This art formed were used to produce materials
for propaganda
- “VICTORIO EDADES”, CARLOS V.
FRANCISCO (BOTONG FRANCISCO) and
GALO B. OCAMPO were the known for
focusing on the subject content and form that
risen the modern art.