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Pag-

unawa
sa
Sarili
Ang sarili bilang
kognitibong
konstruksyon
LAYUNIN
 Tukuyin ang iba’t-ibang ideya ng
sikolohiya tungkol sa “sarili”
 Makagawa ng sariling depinisyon
ng “sarili” base sa depinisyon ng
sikolohiya
 Suriin ang epekto ng iba’t-ibang
mga kadahilanang tinukoy ng
sikolohiya sa pagbuo ng “sarili”
MOTIVATION
“Ikaw” sa paningin ng “iba”
I AM WHO
I AM

If you are who you


are, then who are
you that makes you
who you are?
Self
 The sense of personal identity
and of who we are as individuals
 William James: “I” and “Me”

I ME
• Thinking • Physical
• Acting characteristics
• Feeling self • Psychological
capabilities
Self
 Carl Rogers: “I” and “Me”

I ME
• Acts and • Think and feel
decides about yourself
Identity
S  Personal characteristics
 Social roles and
e responsibilities
 Affiliation
l
Self Concept
f
 What comes to your mind
Carl Rogers’ Diagram
Hobbies

Family SELF Religion

Nationality
Sigmund Freud
Id
pleasure driven
selfish

Ego
rational
balances id and
superego

Superego
morality
Theory of Symbolic
Interactionism
Human
G.H Meads
Interaction

1.We do not create ourselves out of


nothing.
2.Whether we like it or not, we
actually need others to affirm and
reinforce who we think we are.
3.What we think may also have been
influenced by what is important
to our social or historical context.
Self awareness
Private Self Public Self
 Internal  Public image
standards  Good
 Private presentation to
thoughts others
 Feelings
Two types of
self that we can
be aware of
Three other
self-schema
 Actual: who
you are

 Ideal: who you


want to be

 Ought: who
you think you
should be
Group Identity
Self Awareness
AFFECTS Self-esteem
Self-esteem  Positive or
negative
evaluation or
perception of
self
 Associated
with “self”
Social Comparison
Theory
We learn by comparing ourselves to
others

Creates:
 Positive self-concept
 Motivation
Affects
 Lower self-esteem self-
esteem
Social evaluation
maintenance Theory
We react in three ways:
 We distance ourselves
 We reconsider our skill
 We strengthen our resolve to improve

We can feel threatened


when someone
outperforms us
Narcissism
Overly high self-esteem

Result of trying to increase


or maintain self-esteem

There is a thin line


between high self-
esteem and narcissism
Buod
Factors that
can affect “Self” Social Self
comparison evaluation
theory maintenance
Self- theory
awareness
Self-esteem

Self Identity
concept SELF
Symbolic
William Interactionism
James: Theory
Carl
I & ME
Rogers:
Sigmund
Hobbies,
Freud:
Family,
Id, Ego,
Religion,
Superego Definition
Nationality