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Strength of Material

IIIrd Sem.

UNIT- I

Q.1. (a) A bar is 3 metres long and 60 mm. diameter. It is subjected to a tensile load of 200

KN. Find the stress and the elongation when the load is applied gradually.? Take E = 2 x

105 N/mm2.

(b) A 12 mm. diameter mild steel bar of length 1.25 metre is stressed by a weight of 150 N

dropping freely through 15 mm. before commencing to stretch the bar. Find the maximum

instantaneous stress and the elongation produced in the bar. Take E = 2 x 105 N/mm2.

Q.2.(a) An unknown weight falls by 22 mm. on to a collar rigidly attached the lower end

of a vertical bar 3.25 metre long and 600 mm2 in section. If the maximum instantaneous

extension is known to be 2.5 mm find the corresponding stress and the magnitude of the

falling weight. Take E = 2 x 105 N.mm2.

(b) A vertical steel rod of 25 mm diameter checks the fall on its end of a weight of 2300 N

which drops through a distance of 3.8 mm. before it strikes the rod. Find the shortest

length of the rod which will bear the impact it the stress is not to exceed 120 N/mm2. Take

E = 2 x 105 N/mm2. Verify that the length found is the least possible length.

Q.3.(a) Two elastic bar of the same material and length, one of circular section and the

other of square section, absorb the same amount of strain energy delivered by axial forces.

If the diameter of the circular section and the side of the square section are each 125 mm

compare the stress in the two bars.

(b) A vertically suspended steel tie bar is subjected to a load of 12 KN which falls by 12

mm on the rigid collar provided at the lower end of the bar. The bar is 2.5 m long. If the

ratio of the instantaneous extension to the original length shall not exceed 1/1800, find the

minimum cross sectional area of the bar. Take E = 2 x 105 N/mm2.

Q.4. (a) A steal rod ABCD 4.5 M long and 25 mm in diameter is subjected to a force as

shown in figure

60KN

10 KN 20KN .............

50 KN

2M 1`M 1.5 M

If the value of young modulus for steal is 210 GPa, determine its linear deformation.

(b) State clearly hooks law and principle of super position and explain its uses?

Q.5 (a) Derive from the fundamental the relation for the deformation of a body when it is

subjected to

(i) A tensile force

(ii) Its own weight

(b) Define stress strain and elasticity, derive a relation between stress and strain of an

elastic body?

Q.6. An alloy circular bar ABCD 3M long is subjected to a tensile force of 50 KN as

shown in figure

A B C D

50KN 50KN

40Φ 40Φ

l.0M

3.0 M

If the stresses in middle portion BC is not to exceed 150 Mpa. Then what should be its

diameter. Also find length of middle portion if the total extension of the bar should not

exceed by 2 mm. Take E as 120 Gpa?

Q.7. If tension test bar found to taper from (D+Q) to (D-Q) diameter, prove that the error

involved in using mean diameter to calculate youngs' modulus is (10 a/D)2 percent?

Q.8.(a) A brass bar, having cross sectional area of 500 mm2 is subjected to axial force as

shown in figure. Find the total elongation of the bar. Take E = 80 Gpa Also find stresses in

different part of bar ?

A B C D

100KN 80KN 50KN

30KN

(b) Derive an expression to find out deformation in the bars of uniformly tapering circular

section?

Q.9. (a) A circular steel rod ABCD of different cross section is loaded as shown in figure.

Find the maximum stresses induced in the rod and its deformation take E = 200 GPa. All

dimensions are in mm.

1000 70 ø

100

2000 KN 50 ø

50

KN

(b) An alloy bar of 1 M length has square section through out, which tapers from one end

10 x 10 mm to other end 20 x 20 mm. Find the change in its length due to an axial tensile

load of 30 KN. Take E for alloy as 120 GPa?

Q.10.(a) Two circular bars A and B of same material are subjected to the same pull (P) and

are deformed by the same amount. What is the ratio of their length, if one of them has a

constant diameter of 60 mm and other topers from 80 mm at one end to 40 mm at the

other end?

(b) Derive an expression to find thermal stresses in bar of circular tapering section having

its dia "d1" at one end and tapering to dia "d2" the length of bar is "l" and change in temp

is "t" 0C. Assume other constants?

Q.11. Two parallel walls 6 m apart are stayed together by a steel rod 25 mm dia passing

through the metal plates and nuts at each end. The nuts are tightended home, when rod is

at temperature of 1000C? Determine stresses in the rod when the temperature falls down to

600C, if

(a) Ends do not yield

(b) Ends yield by 0.9 mm

Take E = 220 GPa and α = 12 x 10-6 / 0C?

Q.12. A metal bar 50 mm x 50 mm in section is subjected to an axial compression load of

500 KN. If the contraction of 200 mm gauge length was found to be 0.5 mm and the

increased in thickness 0.04 mm. Find the value of youngs' modulus, poissions ratio and

volumetric strain for the bar material? Assume any suitable parameter.

Q.13. (a) Derive an expression to find volumetric strain of a ractangular body subjected to

an axial force P.

(b) A steel bar ABCD 950 mm long is shown in figure. AB and CD are cylindrical having

25 mm diameter. The rod BC is square section 30 x 30 mm. The rod is subjected to a pull

26 KN. Find:

(i) The stresses in all three parts

(ii) Total elongation

A B C D

26KN 30 x 30 sq. 26KN

25 ø 25 ø

mm mm mm

200 KN what are change in length, width and volume of a bar, if the value of paissions

ratio is 03. Take E = 220 GPa.

(b) Find the decrease in length of the steel bar loaded as shown in figure take E= 200 GPa.

2KN

5 KN

10 mm dia 180 mm

15 mm dia 200 mm

Q.15. (a) A brass bar having cross- sectional area of 1000mm2 is subjected to axial force as

shown in fig. find the total change in length of the bar.

A B C D

60 20

50KN 10

KN KN

KN

600 1000 1200

mm mm mm

(b) The composite bar consisting of steel and alluminium component is shown in figure,

connected to two grips at a temperature of 600C. Find the stresses in the two rods when

temperature falls to 200C

(i) If the ends are not yielded

(ii) If ends yielded by 0.25 mm. Take Es = 2 x 105N/mm2, Ea= 0.70 x 105 N/mm2, θs =

1.17 x 10-5/cc, θa = 2.34 x 10-5 / cc

Q.16. A bar of steel is 40 mm x 40 mm in section and is 120 mm long. It is subjected to a

tensile load of 200 KN along the longitudinal axis and tensile loads of 500 KN and 400

KN on the lateral faces.

(a) Find the change in dimension of the bar and change in volume

(b) Find also what the axial longitudinal tensile load acting alone can produce the same

longitudinal strain as in (a)

Q.17. Figure shows three metal cube ABC of side 100 mm each in direct contact, resting

on a rigid box and confined in the x - direction, between two rigid plates. If the upper plate

of central cube (cube B) is subjected to a uniform compressive stress of 500 N/mm2

compute for the cube B -

(i) The direct stress in x - direction

(ii) The direct strain in x , y and z direction

(iii) The volumetric strain

500 N/mm2

Q.18. (a) A 15 mm diameter steel rod passes through a copper tube 50 mm external

diameter and 40 mm internal diameter. The tube is closed at each end by a rigid plate of

neglegible thickness. The nut is tighten home on the projecting part of the rod. If the

temperature of assembly raised by 600C. Calculate stress developed in copper and steel.

Take Es = 2.10 x 105 N/mm2, Ec = 1.05 x 105N/m2

θs = 12 x 10-6/0C, θc = 17.5 x 10-6 / 0C

(b) A straight bar 450 mm long is 20 mm in diameter for the first 250 mm length and 10

mm diameter for the remaining length. If the bar is subjected to an axial pull of 10 KN

find the extension of bar

Take E = 2 x 105 N/ mm2.

UNIT- II

Q.1. Write short note on

(a) (i) Principal plane

(ii) Principal stress

(b) Find the stresses on a oblique section inclined at θ angle subjected to a direct stress σ

in one plane.

Q.2. A tension member is formed by connecting two wooden member 200 mm x 100 mm

as shown in figure. Determine the safe force, if permissiable normal and shear stress in the

joint are 0.5 MPa and 1.25 MPa respectively.

A

P P

0

60

B

Q.3. Derive an expression to find shear stress on an oblique section inclined at θ0 with

horizontal and subjected to direct stresses in two mutually perpendicular direction.

Q.4. Derive an expression to find stresses on an oblique section of a body subjected to a

simple shear stress?

Q.5. An oblique section is inclined θ0 from horizontal axis and it is subjected to a direct

stress σx in one plane and accomplish by a simple shear stress حxy Show that the tangential

shear stress across the oblique section in equal to

σx/2 Sin2θ - حxy cos 2θ

Q.6. (a) A plane element in a body subjected to a tensile stress of 100 MPa accompanied

by a shear stress 25 MPa.

(i) Find the normal and shear stress on a plane inclined at an angle of 200 with the tensile

stress.

(ii) The maximum shear stress on the plane

(b) If shear stress of 25 MPa tends to rotate the element in anticlock direction find

magnitude of normal and shear stress for the tensile stress of 100 MPa and section

inclined at 400?

Q.7. (a) The stresses at a point in a component are 100 MPa (tensile) and 50 MPa

(compressive). Determine magnitude of normal and shear stress on a plane inclined at an

angle 250 with tensile stress. Also determine the direction of the resultant stress and the

magnitude of the maximum intensity of shear stress?

(b) An element in a strained body is subjected to a compressive stress of 200 MPa and a

clock wise shear stress of 50 MPa on the same plane. Calculate the value of the normal

and shear stress on a plane inclined at 350 with the compressive stress. Also calculate the

value of maximum shear stress in the element.

Q.8. The stresses at a point of a machine component are 150 MPa and 50 MPa both

tensile find the intensities of normal, shear, resultant stresses on a plane inclined at angle

of 550 with the axis of major tensile stress by Mohr's circle method.

Also find the magnitude of the maximum shear stress in the component.

Q.9. The stress at a point in a component are 100 MPa (tensile) and 50 MPa

(Compressive). Determine the magnitude of normal and shear stress on a plane inclined at

an angle 250 with the direction of tensile stress. Also determine the direction of resultant

stress and the magnitude of the maximum intensity of shear stress.

Use Mohrs' circle method.

Q.`10. A plane element in a body is subjected to a tensile stress of 100 MPa accompanied

by a clockwise shear stress of 25 MPa. Using Mohrs' circle method find-

(i) The normal and shear stress on a plane inclined at an angle of 200 with the tensile

stress.

(ii) The maximum shear stress on the plane.

Q.11. An element in a strained body is subjected to a tensile stress of 50 MPa to rotate the

element in an anti-clockwise direction. Use graphical method and find

(i) The magnitude of the normal and shear stress on a section inclined at 400 with the

tensile stress.

(ii) The magnitude and direction of maximum shear stress that can exist on the element.

Q.12. An element in a strained body is subjected to a compressive stress of 200 MPa and a

clockwise shear stress of 50 MPa on the plane. Using graphical method calculate

(i) The value of normal and shear stress on a plane inclined at 350 with the compressive

stress.

(ii) Calculate the value of maximum shear stress in the element.

Q.13. At a point in an elastic material a direct tensile stress of 60 N/mm2 and direct

compressive stress of 40 N/mm2 are applied on a plane right angle to each other. If the

maximum principal stress is limited to 75 N/mm2 (tensile) find the shear stress that may be

allowed on the planes. Also determine the minimum principal stress and maximum shear

stress.

Q.14. Figure shows the normal and tangential stresses on two planes. Determine the

principal stresses

C

A 23.62MPA 60.62 MPa

65 MPa

400

B

UNIT- III

M = σ = E

I Y R

Q.2. (a) Write the assumptions of pure bending and define section modulus.

(b) Find the section modus of a hollow rectangular section

D d

B

Q3 (a) A cast iron cantilever of length 1.50M fails when a load of 1920 N is applied at the

free end. Determine the stress at failure if the section of cantilever is 40 x 60 mm?

(b) A timber beam is simply supported at the ends and carries a concentrated load at mid

span. The maximum longitudnal stress is "q" find the ratio of the span to the depth of the

beam ignoring self weight of beam.

Q.3. A simply supported beam of span is 350 mm deep. The section of beam is

symmetrical. The moment of inertia of section is 9.5 x 104 mm4 and permissible bending

stress is 120 N/mm2.

Find

(i) The safe point load that can be applied at centre of span.

(ii) The safe uniformly distributed load that can be applied on span. Neglect the self

weight of beam.

Q.4. (a) Find the maximum stress produced in a round steel bar 50 mm in dia and 9.0 M

long due to its own weight when it is simply supported at its end. Steel weight is 77000

N/cum.

(b) A timber beam is 100 mm wide and 150mm deep supports a udl over a span 2M. If

safe stresses are 28 N/mm2 in bending and 2N/mm2 in shear, Calculate the maximum load

which can be supported by beam.

Q.5. An I- section is proposed to be used as beam of span 10 M. The beam carries a udl of

80 KN/M over the whole span.

Find

(i) Maximum shear stress

(ii) Draw shear stress diagram along depth of beam.

(iii) Maximum bending stress

250

200

15 600

20

All dimension in mm

250

Q.6. (a) A tube of steel of 5 mm bore with a wall thickness of 0.5 mm is 1 M long and full

of mercury. It is placed in a horizontal position supported its ends. If steel and mercury

weigh 7.7 x 10-5 N/mm3 and 1.36 x 10-4 N/m3 respectively. Find the maximum stress in the

tube.

(b) A wooden beam 100mm x 250 mm in cross section and 3.0 m long is carrying a

uniformly distributes load of 40 KN/m. Determine the maximum shear stress and sketch

variation of shear stress along the depth of beam.

Q 7 A timber beam is 100 mm wide and 150 mm deep. Carries a point load w at midle

point of span. The permissiable stress in flexure and shear are 10 N/mm2 and 1.5 N/mm2

respectively. Ignoring self weight, calculate the span length below which shear stress will

govern the safe load and above which the bending stress will govern the safe load.

Q.7.(a) A steel wire of 5mm diameter is into a circular shape of 5 m radius. Determine the

maximum stresses induced in wire. Take E = 200 GPa.

(b) A wooden floor is required to carry load of 12 KN/m2 and is to be supported by

wooden joists of 120 mm x 250 mm in section over a span 7.4m if bending stress in there

wooden joists is not to exceed 8 Ma, find spcing of joists.

Q.8.(a) For a given stress compare the moment of resistance of a beam of square section,

when placed

(i) With its two rides horizontal

(ii) With its diagonal horizontal

Q9 A circular beam of 100 mm in dia is subjected to a shear force of 30 KN calculate

value of maximum shear stress and sketch the variation of shear stress along the depth of

beam.

Q.9. Sketch the distribution of shear stress along the depth of I- section and mention the

shearing stress at critical points. Assume neutral axis lies below the flange.

Q.10. (a) An I- section beam 350 x 200 mm has a web thickness of 12.5 mm and a flange

thickness of 25 mm. If carries a shearing force of 200 KN at a section. sketch the shear

stress diagram across the section.

Q11 Three beams have the same length the same allowable stresses and the same bending

moment. The cross section of beam are a square, ractangle with depths twice the width

and a circle find the ratio of weights of circular and ractangular beam with respect to

square beam.

Q.11. A I- shaped cross- section of a beam as shown in figure is subjected to a vertical

shear force of 100 KN. Calculate the shear stress at important points and draw shear stress

diagram.

200

50

200

50

Q.12. Two beams are simply supported over the same span and have the same flexural

strength. Compare the weight of these two beams, if one of them is solid and other is

hollow circular with internal dia half of the external dia.

Q12 An I- section with rectangular ends has following dimensions-

Flanges 150 x 20 mm web 300 x 10 mm

Find the maximum shearing stress developed in the beam for shear force 50 KN. and draw

the shear stress distribution diagram.

Q.13. A rolled steel joist 200 x 160 mm wide has 22 mm thick flanges and 12 mm thick

web. Find the proportion in which the flanges and web resist shear force.

Q.14. The cross- section of a beam is a circle with the diameter 'D'. If 'F' is the total shear

force at the cross- section, show that the shear stress at a distance Y from the neutral axis

is

= 16F/3πD2 [ 1 - (2Y/D)2 ]

Q.15. Explain by mathematical expression that the shear stress abruptly changes at the

junction of the flange and web of an I- section and T- section.

UNIT- IV

Q.1. Find the mathematical expression from first principle to co-relate slope, deflection

and radius of curvature of a rectangular simlpy supported beam.

Q.2. (a) Derive the expression to find slope and deflection in a simply supported beam

with a point load 'W' at the centre of span by double integration method.

(b) A cantilever beam 3 M long carries a point load of 20 KN at a distance of 2 M from the

fixed end. Determine slope and deflection at free end of cantilever.

Take EI = 8 x 1012 N- mm2 .

Q.3. (a) Derive an expression by double integration method to determine slope and

deflection of a simply supported beam with a uniformly distributed load 'W' per unit run

over it?

(b) A cantilever beam of length 3.0M is carrying a uniformly distributed load of 'W'

KN/m. Assuming rectangular cross-section with depth(d) equal to twice the width(b).

Determine dimension of beam, so that vertical deflection at the free end does not exceed 8

mm. Take maximum bending stress = 100 MPa and E = 200 GPa.

Q.4. (a) Derive an expression by double integration method to determine slope and

deflection of a cantilever beam with a point load 'W' at the free end.

(b) A simply supported beam AB of span 5 M is carrying a point load 30 KN at a distance

3.75 M from the left end A. Calculate slope at A and B and delection under the load

Take EI= 26 x 1012 N- mm2 ?

Q.5. (a) Derive an expression by double integration method for a cantilever beam with

uniformly distributed load 'W' over the entire span to find slope and deflection at critical

point.

(b) A timber beam of rectangular section has a span of 4.8M and is simply supported at its

ends. It is required to carry a total load of 45 KN uniformly distributed over entire span

find the value of breadth (b) and depth (d) of the beam, if maximum bending stress is not

to exceed 7 MPa and maximum deflected is limited to 9.5 mm. Take E for timber as 10.5

GPa.

Q.6. (a) Derive an expression by moment area method for cantilever beam with point load

'W' at the free end to calculate slope and deflection at critical points.

(b) A simply supported of 3 M span is subjected to a point load of 40 KN at a distance of 1

M from left and support. Determine deflection of beam under the load. Take EI of the

beam as 12 x 109 N-m2 ?

Q.7.(a) Derive an expression by moment area method to find slope and deflection of a

cantiliver with a uniformly distributed load 'W' over the whole span.

(b) A rolled steel joist (beam) is simply supported over a span of 6 M, carried a point load

40 KN at a distance 4 M from left support. What is the position of the maximum

deflection of the beam.

Take E = 200 GPa and I = 7 x 106mm4?

Q.8. (a) Derive an expression to find slope and deflection of a simply supported beam

carrying a point load 'W' at center of span by moment area method.

(b) A cantilever beam of length 3 M is carrying a udl of W KN/m. Assuming rectangular

cross section with depth(d) equal to thrise the width(b). Determine the dimensions of

beam, so that vertical deflection at free end does not exceed 2 mm. Take maximum

bending stress 100 MPa and E = 200 GPa.

Q.9.(a) Derive an expression to find slope and deflection of a simply supported beam

carrying a uniformly distributed load 'W' over the whole span, by moment area method.

(b) A simply supported beam AB of 2.8 M span carries a point load 60 KN at a distance of

1 M from left support A. What is the position of maximum deflection of the beam. also

find the magnitude of deflection under the load. Take EI= 4 x 1012 N- mm2?

Q.10.(a) A simply supported beam of length 'L' carries a load 'W' at a distance 'a' from one

end and 'b' from other end (a>b). Find the position of the maximum deflection and show

that its position is always L/13 approximately from the centre.

(b) A cantilever of length 2 M carries a uniformly distributed load of 2.5 KN per metre for

a length of 1.25M from the fixed end and a point load of 1000 N at free end. If the section

is rectangular (120 mm wide x 240 mm deep) find the deflection at free end. Take E = 10

GPa ?

Q.11.(a) A timber beam 100 mm wide and 250 mm deep is simply supported over a span

of 4 M. Find the uniformly distributed load that can be applied on the beam over the

whole span so that the deflection at the centre may not exceed 6 mm. Take E = 1.12 x 104

N / mm2?

15 KN/m

(b)

3M

5M

Find slope and deflection at free end take EI= 4.2 x 1012 N- mm2

10KN/M

Q.12.

3M

6M

Find slope and deflection at free end take EI= 3.1 x 1012 N- mm2

6KN/M 40KN

(b)

2.4M

4.8M

Find slope and deflection at critical points take EI= 2.5 x 109 N-mm2

Q.13. (a) 10KN

2 KN/m

4.0M

Find slope and deflection at free end. take EI= 3.1 x 1012 N-mm2

(b) 20KN

10KN/m

2M

5M

Find the deflection under the point load. Take EI = 2.5 x 109 N- mm2

Q.14. (a) A simply supported beam of span 6 M is subjected a point load of 40 KN at a

distance 4.0 M from left support. Calculate the position of maximum deflection of beam.

(b) A cantilever of length 2a is carrying a point load W at the free end and another load W

at its centre. Determine, by moment of area method, the slope end deflection of the

cantilever at the free end?

Q.15. (a) Write Mohrs' theorem to get slope and deflection of beams.

(b) A simply supported beam of 2.4 M span is subjected to a udl of 6 KN/m over the entire

span. Calculate maximum slope and deflection of the beam if its flexural rigidity is 8 x

1012 N- mm2.

(c) A cantilever beam 100 mm wide and 200 mm deep is projecting 2M from wall.

Calculate the udl, which can beam should carry. If deflection at free end not to exceed 3.5

mm. Take E = 200 GPa.

(d) A simply supported beam 3M in span subjected to a central load of 10 KN. Find

maximum slope and deflection.

Take I = 12 x 106 mm4, E = 200 GPa.

UNIT- V

Q.1. (a) Write the condition of failure of a long column.

(b) Write the assumptions in the Eulers' column theory.

(c) What is equivalent length of column

(d) Describe the slenderness ratio and tell its significance.

Q.2. (a) Derive a formula by Eulers' method to find the safe load on a long column with its both ends are

hinged.

(b) Calculate the safe load, the column can carry, if it is 4 M long having its one end fixed and other end

hinged. Assume the yield stress as 3.15 MPa and Rankines costant = 1/7500.

100mm

x x 150 mm

120mm

Given Ixx = 27.32 x 106 mm2 , Iyy = 4.04 x 106 mm4

Area = 5047 mm2

Q.3.(a) Calculate the safe load that a long column can carry with its one end is fixed and

other end is free, by rankines' method.

Q.3.(b) Calculate the safe load that a build up column can carry safely.

250 y

10 mm

x 200mm x

100mm

Area = 8554 mm2, length of column = 6M

Factor of safety = 4 σc = 320 MPa

Rankine constant = 1/7500

Distance of centroid from back to web = 19.7 mm.

Q.4. Calculate the safe load that a column can carry with its both ends are fixed by

rankines method.

Q.5. A column of length 'l' is subjected to a load P causing deflection 'y'. If modulus of

elasticity is E and moment of Inertial is 'I' find the expression to find oripling load P?

Q.6. A short length of tube 40 mm internal diameter and 50 mm external diameter failed in

compression a load of 240KN When = metre length of same tube was tested as a strut with

fixed ends. the load of failure was 158 KN. Assuming that fi in Rankines' formula given

by the first test, find the value of constant " x " in the some formula. find also the crippling

load of this tube if it is used as a strut 3M long with one end fixed and other end hinged?

Q.7. (i) Find Eulers' critical load for a hollow cylindrical cast iron column 200 mm

external dia and 25 mm thick, if it is 6 m long and hinged at both ends.

Take E = 8 x 104 N/mm2

(ii) Compare Eulers' critical load with Rankines' critical load taking

fc = 550 N/mm2 and σ = 1/1600

(iii) For what length of column would the critical load by Eulers' and Rankines' formula be

equal.

Q.8. A hallow cylindrical cast iron column is 4 M long both ends being fixed. Design the

column to carry an axial load of 250 KN. Use Rankines formula and adopt a factor of

safety of 5. The internal diameter may be taken as 0.80 times the external diameter.

Take fc = 550 N/mm2 and σ = 1/1600

Q.9. A column of mild steel is 3.50M long with both its ends are fixed. If the shape of

column is as per figure find the safe axial load on the column.

Take fc = 335 N/mm2 and σ = 1/7500 and a factor of safety of 3 .

180mm

15mm

235mm

10

mm

hinged at both its ends. Calculate the crippling load, if youg modulus for the material be

200 GPa.

(b) An I- section joist 400 x 200 x 20 mm and 6 M long is used as a strut with both ends

fixed. What is Eulers' crippling load for the column? Take young modulus for joist as 200

GPa.

Q.11. A built up column consisting of 150 mm x 100 mm RSI with 120 m x 12 m plate

riveted to each flange. Calculate the safe load, the column can carry if it is 4 M long

having one end fixed and other end hinged with a factor of safety 3.5. Take the properties

of joist as Area = 2167 mm2.

Ixx = 8.391 x 106 mm4, Iyy = 0.948 x 106 mm4.

Assume the yield stress 3.15 MPa and Rankine constant(a) = 1/7500

120 12 mm

x x 150 mm

100 mm

Q.12. A T-section 150 x 120 x 20 mm is used as a strut of 4.0 M long with hinged at both

ends. Calculate the crippling load, if young modulus for is material is 200 GPa.

Q.13. A I- section with plate welded as its both flanges as shown in figure is used a

column of 6.0M long with hinged at both ends. Calculate the crippling load, if modulus of

elasticity is 210 GPa.

500 mm

30 mm

20 mm

750 mm

20 mm

30 mm

500 mm

Q.14. A hollow square section of mild steel as shown in figure is used a column in a steel

structure. If its length is 4.50 M and

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