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Biografy of Jendral Sudirman

General Sudirman is one of the most popular figures in the history of the struggle of
the Indonesian nation. He was the first commander of the military, religious leaders,
educators, Muhammadiyah leader and a pioneer of guerrilla warfare in Indonesia. General
Sudirman also one of the five-star general in Indonesia besides General AH Nasution and
General Suharto. He was born in Bodas Karangjati, Purbalingga, Central Java, on January 24,
1916 and died in Magelang, Central Java, January 29, 1950 at the age of 34 years of
tuberculosis and is buried at the Heroes Cemetery in semaki State Kusuma, Yogyakarta.
General Sudirman was born and raised in a modest family. His father, KARSID
Kartowirodji, was a worker at Sugar Factory Kalibagor, Banyumas, and his mother, Siyem,
bleary-eyed offspring Wedana Apex. Soedirman since the age of 8 months was appointed as
a child by R. Tjokrosoenaryo, an assistant district officer Apex is still a brother of Siyem.
General Sudirman acquire formal education from the School Garden Student. Then he went
on to HIK (school teacher), Muhammadiyah Surakarta but not until the end. Sudirman was
also active at the moment Scouts organization Hizbul Wathan. After that he became a teacher
at his school in Cilacap Muhammadiyah.
The knowledge gained from the Japanese military through education. After
completing his education at the MAP, he became a battalion commander in Kroya, Central
Java. Later he became the commander of Division V / Banyumas after TKR formed, and
eventually was elected Commander of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia
(Commander TKR). Sudirman was known to have a private firm on principle and conviction,
he always put the interests of many people and nation above personal interests, even the
interests of his own health. His personality is written in a book by Tjokropranolo, bodyguard
during the guerrilla, as someone who is always consistent and consistent in defending the
interests of the homeland, the nation and the state. During the Japanese occupation, the
Sudirman been a member of the People's Food Board and a member of the House of
Representatives residency of Banyumas. In this time he set up a cooperative to help the
people from starvation.
After World War II, the Japanese surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. Sukarno
used the moment to declare the independence of Indonesia. Sudirman and his troops fought in
Banyumas, Central Java against the Japanese and captured weapons and ammunition. At that
time the Japanese position is still strong in Indonesia. MAP Soedirman organizing his
battalion into a regiment based in Banyumas, to become the army of the Republic of
Indonesia which then played a major role in the war Indonesian National Revolution.
After the People's Security Army (TKR) was formed, he was subsequently appointed as
Commander of Division V / Banyumas with the rank of Colonel. And through TKR
Conference on 12 November 1945, was elected Soedirman TKR Commander / Chief of the
Armed Forces of Indonesia. Later he began to suffer from tuberculosis, but he still falls
within the guerrilla war against the forces who want to master the Dutch NICA Indonesia
after the Japanese surrender.
The first great war is a war led Soedirman Palagan Ambarawa against the British and Dutch
NICA which lasts from November to December 1945. In December 1945, forces led by
Sudirman TKR fought against the British army in Ambarawa. And on December 12, 1945,
Sudirman launched simultaneous attacks against all top notch British Ambarawa. Famous
battle which lasted for five days to end with the withdrawal of British troops to Semarang.
The war ended on December 16, 1945. After victories in the Sudirman Ambarawa Theater,
on December 18, 1945 he was appointed as General by President Soekarno. Soedirman
gained the rank of General is not through the military academy or other higher education, but
because of his achievements.
He moved around for seven months from one forest to another forest, and from mountain to
mountain in sickness almost without treatment and medical care. Soedirman home of
guerrilla because his health condition does not allow her to lead the Armed Forces directly.
After that just a figure Soedirman planners behind the scenes in a guerrilla campaign against
the Dutch. After the Dutch surrender as the Indonesian archipelago States in the 1949 Round
Table Conference in The Hague, General Sudirman back to Jakarta with President Sukarno
and Vice President Mohammad Hatta. At the date January 29, 1950, General Sudirman died
in Magelang, Central Java illness suffered severe tuberculosis. He was buried in the Heroes
Cemetery in semaki State Kusuma, Yogyakarta. He was named the Defender of
Independence hero. In 1997 he was awarded posthumously to Major General of the five-star
rank possessed only by a few generals in Indonesia until now.
Biografy of Bung Tomo

Biography Bung Tomo Blog People and People to know where the famous hero of the
Indonesian nation. to increase our knowledge of science is also motivated to take the Positive
side of the world leaders in the know with Sutomo or call Bung Tomo is listed as a national
hero since 2 November 2008 through confinement by Information and Communications
Minister M Nuh. He was a character on the events of the battle popoler November 10 in
He was an orator, burning spirit to fight to the death, maintaining dignity, homeland
and nation was proclaimed on August 17, 1945.
For a closer look at Bung Tomo brings his passion for motivation We're so much better here's
a little story of life can bung tomo please login or take a look at the positive side that we are
also motivated.
Sutomo (Surabaya, October 3, 1920 - Makkah, October 7, 1981) or Bung Tomo is a
hero known for his role in encouraging the people to resist the return of the Dutch through
NICA troops and ending with the events of 10 November 1945 battle hitherto celebrated as
Heroes' Day .Sutomo worked as a civil servant, he was a staff person at a private company, as
an assistant in the office of government tax and employee small Dutch import-export
company.He has also worked as a policeman in the city of Praja and had also become
members of the SI, before he moved to Surabaya and become a distributor for the company's
sewing machine "Singer".
Sutomo grew up in a middle-class family. Education was important to be obtained
Sutomo and family. Sutomo tenacious personality, hard worker, his fighting power is very
high. At the young age Sutomo active in scouting organization or KBI. He is also joined by a
number of political and social groups. In 1944 he was member of the New People's
Since the arrival of allied forces and NICA in Surabaya, Bung Tomo struggled to
maintain grip Allied and Surabaya from NICA. Bung Tomo has a strong influence among the
youth and the fighters. He boldly fired up fighters to battle it out against the allied forces. The
fighting was triggered by the death of Brigadier General AWS Malaby in a firefight with
militants. Although power is not balanced by fighters allied troop strength, but the events of
the battle 10 November noted as the most important events in the history of Indonesia
Around the 1950's Bung Tomo was active in political life. He had become the country
Affairs Minister Former Combatants Forces / Veterans as well as Minister of Social Affairs
Ad Interim in 1955-1956 on Harahap Burhanuddin cabinet. Bung Tomo is also a member of
the House of People's Party of Indonesia 1956-1959. During the New Order government,
Bung Tomo criticizing Suharto's policies which he considered starting off.
As a result, on 11 April 1978 he was arrested and jailed by the Suharto
government. In fact so great merit in the struggle for independence. One year after the
resistance freed Bung Tomo later and not much active in political life.
Bung Tomo is known as a devout Muslim worship. Beliaupun died while performing
hajj in Mecca Arafah desert 1981.Jenazah October 7 Bung Tomo brought back to his
homeland and buried not in the Heroes Cemetery, but at the General Cemetery Ngagel place
in Surabaya.
Biografy of Sultan H asanuddin

Biography Sultan Hasanuddin. He was born in Makassar, South Sulawesi, January 12,
1631 and died in Makassar, South Sulawesi, June 12, 1670 at the age of 39 years, is the King
of Gowa to 16 and an Indonesian national hero who was born with the name I Mallombasi
Muhammad Bakir Daeng Mattawang Karaeng Bonto Mangepe , After converting to Islam, he
received an additional title of Sultan Hasanuddin Tumenanga Ri Balla Pangkana, only better
known as the Sultan Hasanuddin course, by the Netherlands he was nicknamed as the
Roosters From the East or in Dutch called de Haav van de Oesten for his courage against the
Dutch colonialists .. He was appointed as the Sultan of Gowa 6 to the age of 24 years (in
He is the second son of Sultan Malikussaid, King of Gowa 15th. Sultan Hasanuddin
ruled the Kingdom of Gowa, when the Netherlands which represented the Company was
trying to control the spice trade. Gowa is a great empire in the eastern region of Indonesia
who controlled the trade route. In 1666, under the leadership of Admiral Cornelis Speelman,
the Company tried to subdue the small kingdoms, but has not managed to subdue Gowa. On
the other hand, after Sultan Hasanuddin ascending the throne, he tried to combine the power
of small kingdoms in eastern Indonesia against the Company.
The battle between VOC and Gowa (Sultan Hasanuddin) began in 1660. At that time
the Kingdom of the Netherlands was assisted by Bone who is a conquered kingdom of Gowa.
In the war, the Commander Bone, Tobala Aru Palaka eventually killed but managed to escape
and the war ended with peace. However, dama agreement did not last long because the Sultan
Hasanuddin who feels aggrieved then attacked and merompak two Dutch ships, namely de
Walvis and Leeuwin. Holland was furious.
Then the Dutch sent a large fleet of war led by Cornelis Speelman. Palaka Aru, the
ruler of the kingdom of Bone also attacked the Kingdom of Gowa.

Sultan Hasanuddin finally pressed and finally agreed to sign the agreement that is
most famous treaty of bongaja on 18 November 1667. On 12 April 1668, Sultan Hasanuddin
back attacks against the Dutch. But because the Netherlands has been stronger then Fort
Sombaopu which is the last defense of Gowa successfully mastered the Netherlands.
Until the end of his life, Sultan Hasanuddin remains unwilling to cooperate with the
Netherlands. Sultan Hasanuddin later resigned from his royal throne and died on June 12,
1670. Honour his services, the Government conferred the title of National Hero Ri him with
Presidential Decree No. 087 / TK / 1973.
Biografy of B.J. Habibie

Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie is the third President of Indonesia. He was born on June
25, 1936 in Pare-Pare, South Sulawesi. He is the fourth of eight children in his family. His
parents are Alwi Abdul Jalil Habibie and RA. Tuti Marini Puspowardojo. He spent his
childhood in Pare-Pare. Since he was a kid, he has shown his integrity and persistent
behaviour. At school, Habibie whose hobbies are riding horse and reading book is famous for
his intelligence.
Habibie’s father passed away due to heart attack when he was in elementary school.
After that, his mother sold their vehicle and house and then moved to Bandung. As a single
parent, Habibie’s mother worked hard to afford her life with her children.
In 1954, after Habibie graduated from senior high school in Bandung, he continued
his study to Bandung Institute of Technology. He did not finish his study at ITB because at
the same time he got a scholarship from The Ministry of education and Culture of Indonesia
to study in Germany. He remembered that Bung Karno had ever said about the importance of
plane development for Indonesia, and then he decided to take aerospace engineering with
aeroplane construction specialty at Rhein Westfalen Aachen Technische Hochschule
(RWTH), an institute of technology in Germany.
Habibie studied hard to be success since he remembered how hard his mother worked
for his life. Even, Habibie spent his time in holiday to earn extra money for buying books.
When holiday ended, he did not do anything except studying. In 1960, he graduated with
great score, almost perfect (9.5). With his education background, he applied at an industry
company of train, named Firma Talbot.
After that, he continued his doctoral degree at Technische Hochschule Die Facultaet
Fuer Maschinenwesen Aachean. In 1962, he got married with Hasri Ainun. She was a doctor
and she followed his husband to Germany. Habibie and Ainun has two sons. They are Ilham
Akbar dan Thareq Kemal. At that time, life got harder. He had to go to work in the early
morning because he walked to the office to save more money. He went home in the evening
and studied. He finished his doctoral degree in 1965 with perfect score (10).
In his life, Habibie has got many achievements and awards from Indonesia and other
International institution. Before he fulfilled a call from President Soeharto and went back to
Indonesia, he had worked at a leading aeroplane industry, MBB Gmbh, Germany. In
Indonesia, Habibie had been the minister of Research and Technology for 20 years and led 10
governmental company of strategic industry. He was elected by society representative
assembly as the Vice President of Indonesia. When the crisis happened in 1998 and President
Soeharto was insisted to step down from his position, Habibie was assigned to replace
President Soeharto to be the third President of Indonesia.
n 2012, the life of Habibie and how he met Ainun were filmed and got high rates for
the inspirational story. Hasri Ainun passed away on May 22, 2010 in Ludwig Maximilians
Universitat hospital, Klinikum, Muenchen, Germany. She suffered a cancer for a long time
however she never told her husband, Habibie. It was known that she had cancer when she
collapsed and had to be hospitalized. For Habibie, Ainun is everything. She is a great partner
of life who had accompanied him to go through good and bad times in life.
Biografy of Pangeran Diponegoro

Prince Diponegoro was the eldest son of Sultan Hamengkubuwana III, the third king
in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta. Born on November 11, 1785 in Yogyakarta with the name
Mustahar from a concubine named R.A. Mangkarawati, namely a garwa ampeyan
(concubine's wife) who came from Pacitan. During his childhood, Prince Diponegoro was
named Bendara Raden Mas Antawirya. [1]

Realizing his position as the son of a concubine, Diponegoro rejected the wishes of
his father, Sultan Hamengkubuwana III, to appoint him king. He refused to remember his
mother was not the empress. Diponegoro is at least married to 9 women in his lifeDiponegoro
was more interested in religious life and populist so he preferred to live in Tegalrejo where
his great grandparents were his daughters, empress of Sultan Hamengkubuwana I, Gusti
Kangjeng Ratu Tegalrejo, rather than in the palace. His rebellion against the palace began
with the leadership of Sultan Hamengkubuwana V (1822). At that time, Diponegoro was one
of the trustees who accompanied Hamengkubuwana V, who was only 3 years old, while the
daily government was held by Patih Danureja with the Dutch Resident. He did not approve of
such guardianship.