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6-1-36 ENGINE GENERAL INFORMATION AND DIAGNOSIS (H27 ENGINE)

Inspection of PCM (ECM) and its Circuits


PCM (ECM) and its circuits can be checked at PCM (ECM) wiring
couplers by measuring voltage and resistance.

CAUTION:
PCM/ECM cannot be checked by itself. It is strictly pro-
hibited to connect voltmeter or ohmmeter to PCM (ECM)
with couplers disconnected from it.

VOLTAGE CHECK

1) Remove PCM (ECM) cover from bracket referring to PCM


(ECM) REMOVAL.
2) Check voltage at each terminal of couplers connected.

NOTE:
As each terminal voltage is affected by the battery volt-
age, confirm that it is 11 V or more when ignition switch
is ON.

1. PCM (ECM)
2. PCM (ECM) connector (Viewed from harness side)
ENGINE GENERAL INFORMATION AND DIAGNOSIS (H27 ENGINE) 6-1-37

TERMINAL CIRCUIT NORMAL VOLTAGE CONDITION


Power source for CO adjusting
E61-1 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
resistor (if equipped)
E61-2 Power source for back up 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON and OFF
E61-3 – – –
Cruise control module Ignition switch ON, Voltage varies as specified at figure in
E61-4 (throttle opening signal) cruise control diagnosis of Section 8E while throttle valve is
(if equipped) opened gradually.
Duty output terminal
E61-5 0–1V Ignition switch ON
(vehicle with monitor connector)
E61-6 Tachometer 0–1V Ignition switch ON, engine stops
Malfunction indicator lamp 0 – 2.5 V Ignition switch ON, engine stops
E61-7
(“SERVICE ENGINE SOON” lamp) 10 – 14 V Engine running
0 – 1.5 V A/C is not operating
E61-8 A/C cut signal (if equipped)
10 – 14 V A/C is operating
10 – 14 V Ignition switch OFF
E61-9 Main relay Ignition switch ON or for 4 seconds
0–2V
after ignition switch OFF
E61-10 CO adjusting resistor (if equipped) – –
E61-11 – – –
Data link connector (5V)
E61-12 4–6V Ignition switch ON
(Vehicle with monitor connector)
E61-13 Data link connector (12V) 10 – 14 V Scan tool not connected to DLC
Test switch terminal
E61-14 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
(Vehicle with monitor connector)
Ignition switch ON, rear defogger
0 – 1.5 V
switch OFF
E61-15 Rear defogger switch (if equipped)
Ignition switch ON, rear defogger
10 – 14 V
switch
Ignition switch ON, heater blower
10 – 14 V
switch OFF
E61-16 Heater blower switch
Ignition switch ON, heater blower
0 – 1.5 V
switch ON
Ignition switch ON, A/C switch or
10 – 14 V
heater blower switch OFF
E61-17 A/C signal (if equipped)
Ignition switch ON, A/C switch ON
0–1V
and heater blower switch ON
E61-18 – – –
Ignition switch ON, Transfer lever :
0–1V
4H or 4L range
E61-19 “4WD” lamp
Ignition switch ON, Transfer lever :
10 – 14 V
2H range
For 4 sec. after ignition switch ON
0–1V
or overdrive cut switch ON
E61-20 “O/D OFF” lamp (A/T vehicle)
After 4 sec. from ignition switch ON
10 – 14 V
and overdrive cut switch OFF
Ignition switch ON, P/N change
0–1V
switch : POWER mode
E61-21 “POWER” lamp (A/T vehicle)
Ignition switch ON, P/N change
10 – 14 V
switch : NORMAL mode
6-1-38 ENGINE GENERAL INFORMATION AND DIAGNOSIS (H27 ENGINE)

TERMINAL CIRCUIT NORMAL VOLTAGE CONDITION


Ignition switch ON, A/C not oper-
A/C condenser fan motor relay
E61-22 10 – 14 V ated and Engine coolant temp. :
(if equipped)
less than 113°C, 235°F
For 3 sec. after ignition switch ON
0 – 2.5 V
or while engine running
E61-23 Fuel pump relay
After 3 sec. from ignition switch ON
10 – 14 V
with engine stopped
Ground for CO adjusting resistor
E61-24 – –
(if equipped)
E61-25 – – –
E61-26 – – –
E61-27 – – –
Ignition switch ON
E61-28 Fuel level sensor 0–6V
Voltage depends on fuel level
Diag. switch terminal
E61-29 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
(vehicle with monitor connector)
E61-30 ABS control module 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
Ignition switch ON, P/N change
0–1V
Power/Normal change switch switch : POWER mode
E61-31
(A/T vehicle) Ignition switch ON, P/N change
10 – 14 V
switch : NORMAL mode
Ignition switch ON, lighting switch
0–1V
OFF
E61-32 Lighting switch
Ignition switch ON, lighting switch
10 – 14 V
ON
Ignition switch ON, overdrive cut
10 – 14 V
switch released
E61-33 Overdrive cut switch (A/T vehicle)
Ignition switch ON, overdrive cut
0–1V
switch pressed
Brake pedal released (switch OFF),
0–1V
Ignition switch ON
E61-34 Stop lamp switch
Brake pedal depressed (switch ON),
10 – 14 V
Ignition switch ON
E61-35 Cruise control module (if equipped) 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON

Ignition switch ON, Sensor ambient


C51-3-1 Intake air temp. sensor 2.2 – 3.0 V
temp. : 20°C, 68°F
Ignition switch ON, Engine coolant
C51-3-2 Engine coolant temp. sensor 0.5 – 0.9 V
temp. : 80°C, 176°F
With engine running at idle after
C51-3-3 Knock sensor About 2.5 V
warned up
C51-3-4 Power source 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
C51-3-5 Ground for MAF sensor – –
C51-3-6 Ground – –
Ignition switch ON, Transfer lever :
0–1V
4H or 4L range
C51-3-7 4WD switch
Ignition switch ON, Transfer lever :
10 – 14 V
2H range
C51-3-8 Manifold absolute pressure sensor 3.3 – 4.3 V Ignition switch ON and engine stops
ENGINE GENERAL INFORMATION AND DIAGNOSIS (H27 ENGINE) 6-1-39

TERMINAL CIRCUIT NORMAL VOLTAGE CONDITION


Ignition switch ON, Throttle valve at
0.5 – 1.2 V
idle position
C51-3-9 Throttle position sensor
Ignition switch ON, Throttle valve at
3.4 – 4.7 V
full open position
1.0 – 1.6 V Ignition switch ON and engine stops
C51-3-10 Mass air flow sensor
1.7 – 2.0 V With engine running at idle speed
Heated oxygen sensor-1 (bank 1) Deflects between While engine running at 2,000 r/min.
C51-3-11
(if equipped) over and under 0.45 V for 1 min. or longer after warmed up
C51-3-12 Ground for TP sensor – –
C51-3-13 Power source for TP sensor
4.75 – 5.25 V Ignition switch ON
C51-3-14 Power source for MAP sensor
C51-3-15 Power source 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
C51-3-16 – – –
C51-3-17 Ground – –
Ignition switch ON, Transfer lever :
10 – 14 V
Pressure switch in 4WD air pump 4H or 4L range
C51-3-18
assembly Ignition switch ON, Transfer lever :
0–1V
2H range
C51-3-19 – – –
C51-3-20 Ignition switch 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
Heated oxygen sensor-1 (bank 2) Deflects between over While engine running at 2,000 r/min.
C51-3-21
(if equipped) and under 0.45 V for 1 min. or longer after warmed up
Heated oxygen sensor-2 (bank 1) Deflects between over While engine running at 2,000 r/min.
C51-3-22
(if equipped) and under 0.45 V for 1 min. or longer after warmed up
Heated oxygen sensor-2 (bank 2) Deflects between over While engine running at 2,000 r/min.
C51-3-23
(if equipped) and under 0.45 V for 1 min. or longer after warmed up
C51-3-24 Ground for ECT sensor – –
C51-3-25 Ground for IAT sensor, MAP sensor – –
C51-3-26 Ground for CMP sensor – –

C51-1-1 Shift solenoid B (A/T vehicle) 0–1V Ignition switch ON


C51-1-2 Shift solenoid A (A/T vehicle) 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
C51-1-3 – – –
C51-1-4 IAC valve (stepper motor coil 2) – –
C51-1-5 IAC valve (stepper motor coil 1) – –
Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
10 – 14 V
Transmission range switch “R” “R” range
C51-1-6
(A/T vehicle) Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
0–1V
Other than “R”
Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
10 – 14 V
Transmission range switch “P” “P” range
C51-1-7
(A/T vehicle) Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
0–1V
Other than “P” range
C51-1-8 TCC solenoid (A/T vehicle) 0–1V Ignition switch ON
Ignition switch ON, Transfer lever :
10 – 14 V
4H or 4L range
C51-1-9 4WD air pump assembly
Ignition switch ON, Transfer lever :
0–1V
2H range
6-1-40 ENGINE GENERAL INFORMATION AND DIAGNOSIS (H27 ENGINE)

TERMINAL CIRCUIT NORMAL VOLTAGE CONDITION


A/T input speed sensor (–)
C51-1-10 About 2.5 V Ignition switch ON
(A/T vehicle)
A/T input speed sensor (+)
C51-1-11 About 2.5 V Ignition switch ON
(A/T vehicle)
Deflects between Ignition switch ON, crankshaft
C51-1-12 Camshaft position sensor 1
0 – 1 V and 4 – 6 V turned slowly
Deflects between Ignition switch ON, crankshaft
C51-1-13 Camshaft position sensor 2
0 – 1 V and 4 – 6 V turned slowly
Ignition switch ON, Rear right tire
Deflects between
C51-1-14 Vehicle speed sensor turned slowly with rear left tire
0 – 1 V and over 4V
locked
C51-1-15 EVAP canister purge valve 10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
C51-1-16 IAC valve (stepper motor coil 4) – –
C51-1-17 IAC valve (stepper motor coil 3) – –
Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
10 – 14 V
Transmission range switch “D” “D” range
C51-1-18
(A/T vehicle) Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
0–1V
Other than “D” range
Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
10 – 14 V
Transmission range switch “N” “N” range
C51-1-19
(A/T vehicle) Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
0–1V
Other than “N” range
Shield wire ground for A/T output
C51-1-20 – –
speed sensor (A/T vehicle)
Shield wire ground for A/T input
C51-1-21 – –
speed sensor (A/T vehicle)
A/T output speed sensor (–)
C51-1-22 About 2.5 V Ignition switch ON
(A/T vehicle)
A/T output speed sensor (+)
C51-1-23 About 2.5 V Ignition switch ON
(A/T vehicle)
10 – 14 V While engine cranking
C51-1-24 Engine start signal
0–1V Other than above
10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
With engine running at idle speed,
C51-1-25 Power steering pressure switch
0–1V turning steering wheel to the right or
left as far as it stops
Ignition switch ON, Transfer lever :
0–1V
4WD low range
C51-1-26 4WD low switch
Ignition switch ON, Transfer lever :
10 – 14 V
4H or 2H range
Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
10 – 14 V
Transmission range switch “L” “L” range
C51-1-27
(A/T vehicle) Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
0–1V
Other than “L” range
Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
10 – 14 V
Transmission range switch “2” “2” range
C51-1-28
(A/T vehicle) Ignition switch ON, selector lever :
0–1V
Other than “2” range
ENGINE GENERAL INFORMATION AND DIAGNOSIS (H27 ENGINE) 6-1-41

TERMINAL CIRCUIT NORMAL VOLTAGE CONDITION


C51-2-1 Fuel injector No.2
10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
C51-2-2 Fuel injector No.1
C51-2-3 – – –
10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
Heater of HO2S-1 (bank 1)
C51-2-4 At specified idle speed after engine
(if equipped) 0–2V
warmed up
10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
Heater of HO2S-1 (bank 2)
C51-2-5 At specified idle speed after engine
(if equipped) 0–2V
warmed up
C51-2-6 – – –
C51-2-7 Ground – –
C51-2-8 Fuel injector No.4
10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
C51-2-9 Fuel injector No.3
C51-2-10 – – –
C51-2-11 – – –
EGR valve (stepper motor coil 4)
C51-2-12 0–1V
(if equipped)
EGR valve (stepper motor coil 3)
C51-2-13 10 – 14 V
(if equipped)
Ignition switch ON
EGR valve (stepper motor coil 2)
C51-2-14 10 – 14 V
(if equipped)
EGR valve (stepper motor coil 1)
C51-2-15 0–1V
(if equipped)
10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
Heater of HO2S-2 (bank 1)
C51-2-16 At specified idle speed after engine
(if equipped) 0–1V
warmed up
10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
Heater of HO2S-2 (bank 2)
C51-2-17 At specified idle speed after engine
(if equipped) 0–1V
warmed up
C51-2-18 – – –
Crankshaft position sensor (+)
C51-2-19 – –
(if equipped)
Crankshaft position sensor (–)
C51-2-20 – –
(if equipped)
C51-2-21 Fuel injector No.6
10 – 14 V Ignition switch ON
C51-2-22 Fuel injector No.5
C51-2-23 Ignition coil assembly for No.6 – –
C51-2-24 Ignition coil assembly for No.5 – –
C51-2-25 Ignition coil assembly for No.4 – –
C51-2-26 Ignition coil assembly for No.3 – –
C51-2-27 Ignition coil assembly for No.2 – –
C51-2-28 Ignition coil assembly for No.1 – –
C51-2-29 – – –
Ground for CKP sensor shield wire
C51-2-30 – –
(if equipped)