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Chapter 3

Research participants: The respondents of this study were current students of one private
school In Capas, Tarlac for the school year of 2019-2020. There were no specific or required genders in
this study. In this study, a random sampling technique was used because there were no students who
practiced homeschooling in the current year 2019-2020. Data gathering was executed by interviewing
the research respondents to further understand their perceptions of homeschooling.

Research Design:

The main purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of students regarding
homeschooling.

The participants were students of one of the private schools in Capas, Tarlac, and are selected
by using a random sampling technique.

This study employed qualitative descriptive type of research. According to Calderon (2008), as
cited by Alberto, et al (2011), descriptive method is also known as statistical research; it describes data
and characteristics about the population or phenomenon being studied. This research method is used
for frequencies, averages and other statistical calculations. This method is used to gather information in
order to test hypothesis or to answer questions concerning the currents status of the subject of the
study. Descriptive research involves gathering data that describe events and then organizes, tabulates,
depicts, and describes the data collection (Glass & Hopkins, 1984).

Some aspects of descriptive research can be examined for its advantages and disadvantages.
Data collection present a plethora of positives as they provide a multifaceted approach for data
collection that gives a view of information (Murphy, 2018). In addition, descriptive research designs
offer a unique means of collecting data in the means of examining life experiences as it can remove the
barriers of strict academic approaches as the researchers witnesses how others experience an event.
Moreover, the study being conducted may contain errors as the researchers may record only what she
wants to hear and ignoring other information that does not benefit the study. Overcoming a research
bias is extremely difficult; therefore those who choose the descriptive research design must be aware of
this flaw and must be aware of their own influence on the outcome of the research.

Moreover, the researchers used a one-on-one semi structured interview with the research
participants as a data gathering method. A semi-structured interview is a meeting in which the
interviewer does not strictly follow a formalized list of questions. They will ask more open-ended
questions, allowing for a discussion with the interviewee rather than a straightforward question and
answer format (Doyle, 2019). Interviews are good sources of comparable and reliable data as
respondents are offered the freedom to give their thoughts and views in the most convenient ways.
Additionally, interviews are fairly flexible, reliable and easy to analyze. On the other hand, interviews
can sometimes be time consuming and costly in terms of the resources required. A way to avoid these
problems is to let your research participants know few hours prior to the interview if they have time to
spare. Also, we can cover the budget problem as we can just use the resources that we have instead of
buying resources essential for the study.

The chosen place where the research will be conducted is one private school that is
located at 0769, Niña’s Homesite, Cutcut I, Capas Tarlac, and is established on June, 2002. This
school was built due to requests of parents and pupils of a certain private school in Capas, Tarlac
that only accommodates education up to the sixth grade and to continue its pattern of quality of
education that they have come to cherish at that private school, parents and pupils have hoped
a secondary school will become a reality. Thus, this school was given birth to. According to the
school’s registrar, the total population of the school is 369 which consists of 157 boys and 202
girls as of the year 2019-2020.
The vision of this school is to become a role model of proficiency for community
development and a well-known learner-centered institution rendering integral knowledge,
lifelong skills and quality education which are necessary for the life and work in the 21st century.
Moreover, its mission is to commit themselves in transforming learners into persons of
progression, competence, and benevolence instilled with genuine virtues and exceptional work
ethics.
Furthermore, the objectives of the private school are the following:

1. To invoke invoke a code of conduct that calls for couresy, politeness, and helpfulness.
2. To emphasize the discipline of punctuality, spirituality, and integrity.
3. To encourage students to be themselves, being young, but taking young responsibilities to
heart.
4. To develop among the students the timely skills needed for further growth to pursue their
chosen career.
5. To inculcate a culture of excellence that values honor and is geared towards the attainment of
the common good.
6. To provide assurance to quality concern and quality time for the students.
7. To promote a partnership of ideas between parents and teaching staff.
8. To prepare learners to be innovative, creative, collaborative and critical thinkers in solving
problems.
9. To provide a safe and motivational environment that encourages students to assert and fulfil
their potentials.
10. To provide opportunities for work-related experiences.

Additionally, this school, in the past, has implemented programs such as the Citizenship
Advancement Training (CAT) which exposes students with basic knowledge, and activities related to
the military. Also, the school has implemented a summer enrichment program which helped
students to grasp their past lessons, and to better understand future lessons of the following school
year. Additionally, the school has also implemented a program where the students who achieve top
marks in their classes teach other students who cannot fully understand the lessons. With this in
mind, the school has definitely implemented programs that benefitted the students, and through
time it will be interesting to see if the school will implement homeschooling, or at least giving a
certain curricula that avails homeschooling, as one of their programs.