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The free-body diagram of any joint is a concurrent force system in which the summation of

moment will be of no help. Recall that only two equilibrium equations can be written

and

This means that to solve completely for the forces acting on a joint, we must select a joint with

no more than two unknown forces involved. This can be started by selecting a joint acted on by

only two members. We can assume any unknown member to be either tension or compression. If

negative value is obtained, this means that the force is opposite in action to that of the assumed

direction. Once the forces in one joint are determined, their effects on adjacent joints are known.

We then continue solving on successive joints until all members have been found.

Problems

Find the force acting in all members of the truss shown in Figure T-01.

Solution

At joint A

At joint B

At joint E

At joint F

At joint C

check

At joint D

check

check

Summary

Problem 002-mj

The structure in Fig. T-02 is a truss which is pinned to the floor at point A, and supported by a roller

at point D. Determine the force to all members of the truss.

Solution 002-mj

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At joint A

At joint G

At joint B

At joint F

At joint C

At joint E

check

At joint D

check

check

Summary

FAB = 8.73 kN tension

FAG = 21.82 kN compression

FBC = 15.71 kN tension

FBF = 8.73 kN compression

FBG = 8.73 kN tension

FCD = 5.24 kN tension

FCE = 13.09 kN tension

FCF = 13.09 kN compression

FDE = 13.09 kN compression

FEF = 10.48 kN compression

FFG = 12.22 kN compression

Problem 003-mj

Find the force in each member of the truss shown in Fig. T-04.

Solution 003-mj

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At joint C

At joint D

At joint B

At joint E

At joint A

At joint F

Checking

check

check

check

Summary

Top chords

FDE = 64 kN tension

FEF = 176 kN tension

Bottom chords

FAB = 120 kN compression

FBC = 32 kN compression

Web members

FAF = 140 kN tension

FAE = 150.78 kN compression

FBE = 150.78 kN tension

FBD = 86.16 kN compression

FCD = 86.16 kN tension

Problem 004-mj

The truss pinned to the floor at D, and supported by a roller at point A is loaded as shown in Fig. T-

06. Determine the force in member CG.

Solution 004-mj

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At joint F

At joint A

At joint B

At joint G

answer

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At joint F

At joint D

At joint E

At joint C

answer

Problem 005-mj

Compute the force in all members of the truss shown in Fig. T-08.

Solution 005-mj

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At joint A

At joint B

At joint C

At joint E

At joint D

check

At joint F

check

check

Summary

Problem 403

Determine the force in each bar of the truss shown in Fig. P-403.

Solution 403

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

By symmetry

From joint D

Hence,

From joint C

From joint E

From joint A

From joint G

From joint H

From joint B

Summary

Problem 404

Determine the forces in the members of the roof truss shown in Fig. P-404.

Solution 404

At Joint A

At Joint C

At Joint B

Check!

At Joint D

Check!

Check!

Summary

AB = 450 N compression

AC = 389.71 N tension

BC = 450 N tension

BD = 900 N compression

CD = 389.71 N tension

Problem 405

Determine the force in each bar of the truss shown in Fig. P-405 caused by lifting the 120 kN load at

a constant velocity of 8 m per sec. What change in these forces, if any, results from placing the roller

support at D and the hinge support at A?

Solution 405

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

equilibrium), thus, the forces involve is similar to forces

under static equilibrium.

By symmetry of vertical forces

At Joint A

At Joint C

At Joint B

Check!

At Joint D

Check!

Check!

Summary

AB = 160 kN compression

AC = 128 kN tension

BC = 192 kN tension

CD = 32 kN tension

BD = 160 kN compression

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At Joint A

compression

At Joint C

At Joint B

Check!

At Joint D

Check!

Check!

Summary

AB = 160 kN compression

AC = 32 kN compression

BC = 192 kN tension

CD = 128 kN compression

BD = 160 kN compression

Problem 406

The cantilever truss in Fig. P-406 is hinged at D and E. Find the force in each member.

Solution 406

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At Joint A

tension

compression

At Joint B

compression

tension

At Joint C

tension

compression

Summary

AB = 2000 N tension

AC = 1732.05 N compression

BC = 866.02 N compression

BD = 2500 N tension

CD = 2020.72 N tension

CE = 3175.42 N compression

Problem 407

In the cantilever truss shown in Fig. P-407, compute the force in members AB, BE, and DE.

Solution 407

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At Joint A

compression

tension

At Joint C

compression

At Joint B

compression

Solve for the reaction at support H

Thus,

compression

At Joint E

tension

compression

compression Check!

Summary (Answers)

AB = 1732.05 lb tension

BE = 1154.70 lb compression

DE = 1154.70 lb compression

Problem 408

Compute the force in each member of the Warren truss shown in Fig. P-408.

Solution 408

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At Joint A

compression

tension

At Joint B

tension

compression

At Joint C

tension

tension

At Joint D

compression

Check!

At Joint E

Check!

Check!

Summary

AB = 4041.45 lb compression

AC = 2020.72 lb tension

BC = 2886.75 lb tension

BD = 3464.10 lb compression

CD = 1732.05 lb tension

CE = 2598.07 lb tension

DE = 5196.15 lb compression

Problem 409

Determine the force in members AB, BD, BE, and DE of the Howe roof truss shown in Fig. P-409.

Solution 409

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At Joint A

compression answer

At Joint C

By inspection

tension

At Joint B

By inspection

compression answer

compression answer

At Joint D

By inspection

compression

tension answer

Problem 410

Determine the force in each member of the Pratt roof truss shown in Fig. P-410.

Solution 410

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

By symmetry

At Joint A

compression

tension

At Joint B

By inspection

compression

compression

At Joint C

tension

tension

At Joint E

By inspection

Summary

AB = FH = 20 kN compression

AC = GH = 16 kN tension

BC = FG = 8 kN compression

BD = DF = 20 kN compression

CD = DG = 9.6148 kN tension

CE = EG = 10.6667 kN tension

DE = 0

Problem 411

Determine the force in members AB, AC, BD, CD, and CE of the cantilever truss shown in Fig. P-

411. If the loads were applied at C and E instead of at B, specify which members would have their

internal force changed.

Solution 411

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At Joint A

tension answer

compression answer

At Joint B

By inspection

tension answer

compression

Length of member DE

At Joint C

tension answer

compression answer

The fastest way to solve for BD, CD, and CE is by method of sections. From the figure below:

tension Check!

tension Check!

compression Check!

Summary of Answers

AB = 180.2776 kN tension

AC = 150 kN compression

BD = 180.2776 kN tension

CD = 250 kN tension

CE = 300 kN compression

tension

tension

compression

At Joint E

compression

respectively

At Joint A

tension (no changes)

At Joint B

By inspection

(changed)

tension (no changes)

At Joint E

compression (changed)

DE from 300 kN compression to 100 kN compression

Problem 412

Compute the force in each member of the truss shown in Fig. P-412. If the loads at B and D are

shifted vertically downward to add to the loads at C and E, would there be any change in the

reactions? Which members, if any, would undergo a change in internal force?

Solution 412

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At Joint A

compression

tension

At Joint B

compression

tension

At Joint C

compression

tension

At Joint E

By inspection

tension

tension

At Joint D

compression

Check!

At Joint F

Check!

Check!

Summary

AB = 983.87 kN compression

AC = 440 kN tension

BD = 491.94 kN compression

BC = 700 kN tension

CD = 1118.03 kN compression

CE = 1440 kN tension

DE = 200 kN tension

EF = 1440 kN tension

DF = 1609.97 kN compression

RA and RF will not change, thus, internal forces of AB, AC, DF, and EF will not change.

By inspection at joint E, CE will not change because EF did not change but DE changed from

200 kN tension to 1000 kN tension.

sum of horizontal forces but BC changed from sum of vertical

forces.

tension

At joint C

Since AC and CE did not change, the value of CD will

not change in summing up forces in horizontal direction.

To check,

Check!

DE; from 200 kN tension to 1000 kN tension

Problem 413

Determine the force in each member of the crane shown in Fig. P-413.

Solution 413

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At Joint A

tension

compression

At Joint B

compression

compression

At Joint C

tension

Summary

AC = 131 kN tension

AB = 120 kN compression

BC = 60 kN compression

BD = 104 kN compression

CD = 0

CE = 90 kN tension

Problem 414

Determine the force in members AB, BD, and CD of the truss shown in Fig. P-414. Also solve for the

force on members FH, DF, and DG.

Solution 414

HideClick here to show or hide the solution

At Joint A

compression answer

At Joint B

compression answer

tension

At Joint C

compression answer

Summary

AB = 84.85 kN compression

BD = 63.24 kN compression

CD = 12.5 kN compression

At Joint H

compression answer

At Joint F

compression answer

tension

At Joint G

tension answer

Summary

FH = 127.28 kN compression

DF = 94.87 kN compression

DG = 37.5 kN tension

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