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## DAILY Learning GENERAL

LESSON Teacher ARCY G. DELA CRUZ
Area MATHEMATICS
LOG Date March 26, 2018 Quarter First Quarter

I. OBJECTIVES
A. Content Standard Key concepts of inverse function, exponential functions and logarithmic functions.
Apply the concepts of inverse functions, exponential functions, and logarithmic functions to
B. Performance Standard
formulate and solve real-life problems with precision and accuracy.
Illustrate the laws of logarithms, M11GM-Ih-3
At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to:
C. Learning Competencies/
a. Familiarize the concept of laws of logarithms.
Specific Objectives
b. Apply the learned concepts in expanding and condensing logarithmic expressions.
c. Relate the importance of obeying rules and laws in real life situations.
Topic: LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS
II. CONTENT
Sub Topic: Laws of Logarithm
III. LEARNING RESOURCES 1. Teacher’s Guide Pages pp. 127−133 2. Learner’s Material Pages
General Mathematics for SHS
By: Roland S. Zorilla, Et al
A. References 3. Textbook Pages
Teaching Guide for SHS – General Mathematics
By: ChEd and Philippine Normal University
B. Other Learning Resources 4. Additional Materials Laptop, projector, speaker, chalk and presenter
IV. PROCEDURES
The students will be asked questions and recall the previous lesson.

Guide Question?
What are the three basic properties of logarithms?
A. REVIEW
Review previous or presenting Properties of Logarithm
new lesson. Let 𝑏 and 𝑥 be real numbers such that 𝑏 > 0 and 𝑏 ≠ 1
1. log 𝑏 1 = 0
2. log 𝑏 𝑏 𝑥 = 𝑥
3. 𝑏 log𝑏 𝑥 = 𝑥

Activity 1: The teacher will show a short video about the importance of following rules.
B. MOTIVATION
Establishing a purpose for the Guide Questions:
lesson. 1. What did God told to Adam and Eve about the forbidden tree?
2. What Adam and Eve did?
3. Did you obey your parents as you obey God?

## 4 Pics 1 Word Game

1.

C. PRESENTATION / ACTIVITY
Presenting examples/ instances
2. 3. 1. LAWS
2. LOG
3. RHYTHM
Laws of Logarithm

From the activity, the students will now be able to know the title of the lesson and the teacher now
D. PROCESSING
will introduce the laws one by one.
Discussing new concepts and LAWS OF LOGARITHMS
practicing new skills #1. Let b > 0, b ≠ 1 and let a ∈ ℝ. For m > 0, n > 0, then
1. log 𝑏 (𝑟𝑠) = log 𝑏 𝑟 + log 𝑏 𝑠
𝑟
2. log 𝑏 (𝑠 ) = log 𝑏 𝑟 − log 𝑏 𝑠

## 3. log 𝑏 (𝑟)𝑛 = 𝑛 log 𝑏 𝑟

The students will be able to apply the laws of logarithms to expand a given logarithmic expressions.
Example #1: Expand the following logarithmic expressions below:

## a. 𝑙𝑜𝑔2 5(3) ans. 𝑙𝑜𝑔2 5 + 𝑙𝑜𝑔2 3

b. 𝑙𝑜𝑔3 𝑎𝑏 2 ans. 𝑙𝑜𝑔3 𝑎 + 2𝑙𝑜𝑔3 𝑏

## c. 𝑙𝑜𝑔6 𝑥 9 𝑦 7 ans. 9𝑙𝑜𝑔6 𝑥 + 7𝑙𝑜𝑔6 𝑦

E. Discussing new concepts and
practicing new skills #2. 𝑥6
d. 𝑙𝑜𝑔5 (𝑧7 ) ans. 6𝑙𝑜𝑔5 𝑥 − 7𝑙𝑜𝑔5 𝑧

𝑥 5𝑦4
e. 𝑙𝑜𝑔8 ( ) ans. (5𝑙𝑜𝑔8 𝑥 + 4𝑙𝑜𝑔8 𝑦) − 3 𝑙𝑜𝑔8 𝑧
𝑧3

3 3
f. 𝑙𝑜𝑔3 (𝑥) ans. 3 − 3𝑙𝑜𝑔3 𝑥

## Example # 2: Condense the following logarithmic expressions below:

𝑎. log 8 4 + log 8 2 ans. 1
F. Discussing new concepts and 𝑏. log 4 8 + log 4 8 ans. 3
practicing new skills #3. 𝑐. 2log 5 𝑥 − 3 log 5 𝑥 ans. −log 5 𝑥
𝑑. 2 − log 5 ans. log 20

The students will apply the concepts learned in simplifying logarithmic expressions.

## Write the following expression in expanded form:

𝑎4
F. APPLICATION 𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑝 1. log 8 ( ) 𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑝 2. log 4 𝑚5 𝑛2 𝑝7
𝑏10
Finding practical application of 4 7𝑥 3
concepts and skills in daily living log 5 5𝑥 log 7 ( 𝑧6 )
10𝑥 2 3𝑏2
log ( ) log 3 ( )
𝑧 𝑐4

## The teacher will ask the students the following:

What is the purpose of rules and laws? What is the importance of following the rules and laws?
G. Developing mastery / Making
1. Following rules/laws help us to be directed. It guides us in a right way to avoid mistakes.
generalizations and abstractions
2. It serves as a basis to avoid biases.
3. In mathematics, we have also rules and laws/properties we follow in able for us to get the right
answer. It helps us to answer some difficult/complicated problems in math especially in simplifying
logarithmic expressions.
The teacher will give a formative test.

## A. Expand the following logarithmic expressions below:

𝑥5 6𝑥 4 𝑎𝑏7
1. log 9 ( 9 ) 2. log 6 ( ) 3. log ( 𝑐 8 )
H. ASSESSMENT 5
Evaluating learning.
B. Condense the following logarithmic expressions below:
4. 5log 2 𝑚 + 4 log 2 𝑛
5. (5log 2 𝑚 + 4 log 2 𝑛) − 2log 2 𝑟

Prepared by:

## ARCY G. DELA CRUZ

General Math Teacher