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Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Access, Rel. RL20, Operating Documentation, Issue 01 LTE RAN System

Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Access, Rel. RL20, Operating Documentation, Issue 01

LTE RAN System Description

DN0943905

Issue 02 Approval Date 2010-12-17

Confidential

LTE RAN System Description

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the use of Nokia Siemens Networks customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is submitted, and no part of it may be used, reproduced, modified or transmitted in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nokia Siemens Networks. The documentation has been prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full responsibility when using it. Nokia Siemens Networks welcomes customer comments as part of the process of continuous development and improvement of the documentation.

The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity, or performance of the mentioned hardware or software products are given "as is" and all liability arising in connection with such hardware or software products shall be defined conclusively and finally in a separate agreement between Nokia Siemens Networks and the customer. However, Nokia Siemens Networks has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia Siemens Networks will, if deemed necessary by Nokia Siemens Networks, explain issues which may not be covered by the document.

Nokia Siemens Networks will correct errors in this documentation as soon as possible. IN NO EVENT WILL Nokia Siemens Networks BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTA- TION OR FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDI- RECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL OR ANY LOSSES, SUCH AS BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF PROFIT, REVENUE, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OR DATA,THAT MAY ARISE FROM THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR THE INFORMATION IN IT.

This documentation and the product it describes are considered protected by copyrights and other intellectual property rights according to the applicable laws.

The wave logo is a trademark of Nokia Siemens Networks Oy. Nokia is a registered trademark of Nokia Corporation. Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.

Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective owners, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only.

Copyright © Nokia Siemens Networks 2010. All rights reserved

f Important Notice on Product Safety

Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment. Some of the parts may also have elevated operating temperatures.

Non-observance of these conditions and the safety instructions can result in personal injury or in property damage.

Therefore, only trained and qualified personnel may install and maintain the system.

The system complies with the standard EN 60950 / IEC 60950. All equipment connected has to comply with the applicable safety standards.

The same text in German:

Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit

In elektrischen Anlagen stehen zwangsläufig bestimmte Teile der Geräte unter Span- nung. Einige Teile können auch eine hohe Betriebstemperatur aufweisen.

Eine Nichtbeachtung dieser Situation und der Warnungshinweise kann zu Körperverlet- zungen und Sachschäden führen.

Deshalb wird vorausgesetzt, dass nur geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal die Anlagen installiert und wartet.

Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950 / IEC 60950. Angeschlossene Geräte müssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfüllen.

2

Id:0900d8058082d487

DN0943905

LTE RAN System Description

Table of contents

This document has 114 pages.

 

Summary of

 

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9

 

1

Introduction to the Nokia Siemens Networks LTE/EPC

 

13

2

Network architecture

 

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19

2.1

LTE architecture

 

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19

2.1.1

LTE

overview

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2.1.2

eNB functionality

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20

2.2

LTE multiple access radio interface (FDD)

 

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2.2.1

OFDM

 

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23

2.2.2

OFDMA principles

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24

2.2.3

SC-FDMA principles

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25

2.3

LTE radio protocol architecture

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26

2.4

Multi-antenna

 

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27

2.4.1

Receive diversity

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28

2.4.2

Transmit

 

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29

2.4.3

MIMO

 

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29

2.4.3.1

Downlink MIMO techniques

 

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31

2.4.3.2

Uplink MIMO techniques

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31

2.4.3.3

Multi-user MIMO techniques

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31

2.5

Radio network optimization

 

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32

2.6

Interference mitigation

 

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33

2.7

RAN sharing

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33

2.8

Flexi multiradio BTS LTE

 

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35

2.9

Spectrum and bandwidth deployment for

 

38

2.10

External interfaces of the Flexi Multiradio BTS LTE

 

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39

3

Network and service management

 

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40

3.1

Network management architecture

 

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3.2

Managing the LTE/EPC system with NetAct

 

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3.3

Element management tools

 

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41

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43

4.1

Mobility scenarios

 

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43

4.2

Mobility

 

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43

4.3

Inter-eNB handover

 

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44

4.4

Inter-RAT handover (3GPP)

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46

4.5

Optimized 3GPP2 (HRPD) inter-RAT handover

 

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5

Radio Resource Management and

 

48

5.1

RRM functions

 

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48

5.2

RRM procedures and measurements

 

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6

Transport and transmission

 

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52

6.1

LTE

transport

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52

6.2

Control plane transport (RAN signaling)

 

53

6.2.1

RRC signaling protocol (eNB <>

 

54

DN0943905

Id:0900d8058082d487

 

3

LTE RAN System Description

6.2.2

S1AP signaling protocol (eNB <>

 

55

6.2.3

X2AP signaling protocol (eNB <> eNB)

 

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6.2.4

NAS signaling protocol (MME <>

 

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6.3

User plane transport

 

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6.3.1

LTE-Uu user plane

 

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. 57

6.3.2

S1-U user plane

 

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6.3.3

X2 user plane

 

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6.4

Transport interface options

 

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. 59

6.5

Traffic engineering

 

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. 62

6.5.1

Traffic prioritization

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. 62

6.5.2

Traffic differentiation

 

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63

6.5.3

Traffic shaping

 

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. 64

6.6

Synchronization

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6.6.1

Synchronization from PDH

 

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6.6.2

Synchronization from 2.048 MHz signal

 

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6.6.3

Synchronization from GPS

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6.6.4

Timing over Packet

 

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6.6.5

Synchronous Ethernet

 

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67

7.1

NetAct framework

 

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67

7.2

BTS Site

 

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. 68

7.3

Flexi Multiradio BTS LTE management

 

71

7.3.1

Fault management

 

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