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Prose and Poetry

Analysis

The Maze Runner

The lecture : Eri Rahmawati M.A

Arranged by :

Hikmatul Laila (2223180075)

3C

ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF SULTAN AGENG TIRTAYASA

2019
Table of Content

Table of Content ………………………………………………………………………………………….

Preface ………………………………………………………………………........................................

Chapter 1 Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………..

1.1 Background ………………………………………………………………………………………….


1.2 Problem Formulation ……………………………………………………………………………….
1.3 Purpose ……………………………………………………………………...................................

Chapter 2 Theoretical Review …………………………………………………………………………

2.1 Intrinsic Elements …………………………………………………………………………………..

2.2 Extrinsic Elements …………………………………………………………………………………

Chapter 3 Analysis …………………………………………………………...………………………...

3.1 Intrinsic Elements ………………………………………………………………………………….

3.2 Extrinsic Elements ………………………………………………………………………………..

Chapter 4 Closing ……………………………………………………………………………………..

4.1 Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………………………


Preface

I would like to thanks to God for giving us grace and assistance, so that we can complete
this paper entitled "The Maze Runner" for fulfilling group assignments namely subject and prose
poetry. I also want to thank all the group members who participated in making this paper. So that
we can complete this paper in a timely manner, and we realize that the writing of this paper is far
from perfect due to our limited experience and knowledge. Therefore we expect suggestions and
input and even constructive criticism from various parties.

Serang, 3rd December 2019


Chapter I

Introduction

1.1 Background

The Maze Runner is a 2014 American dystopian science fiction film directed by Wes Ball, in
his directorial debut, based on James Dashner's 2009 novel of the same name. The film is the
first installment in The Maze Runner film series and was produced by Ellen Goldsmith-
Vein, Wyck Godfrey, Marty Bowen, and Lee Stollman with a screenplay by Noah Oppenheim,
Grant Pierce Myers, and T.S. Nowlin. The film stars Dylan O'Brien, Kaya Scodelario, Aml
Ameen, Thomas Brodie-Sangster, Ki Hong Lee, Will Poulter, and Patricia Clarkson. The story
follows sixteen-year-old Thomas, portrayed by O'Brien, who awakens in a rusty elevator with no
memory of who he is, only to learn he's been delivered to the middle of an intricate maze, along
with many other boys, who have been trying to find their way out of the ever-changing
labyrinth — all while establishing a functioning society in what they call the Glade.
Development of The Maze Runner began in January 2011 when Fox purchased the film rights to
Dashner's novel with film studios Temple Hill Entertainment and TSG
Entertainment.[3] Principal photography began in Baton Rouge, Louisiana on May 13, 2013 and
officially concluded on July 12, 2013. The Maze Runner was released on September 19, 2014 in
the United States by 20th Century Fox. Critics considered it to be better than most young adult
book-to-film adaptations. A sequel, Maze Runner: The Scorch Trials, was released on September
18, 2015 in the United States. A third and final film, Maze Runner: The Death Cure, was
released on January 26, 2018.

1.2 Problem Formulation


The problems of this paper are :
1. What is the elements of
2. What is the part of elements of fiction
3. What is the meanings of extrinsic and intrinsic elements
1.3 Purpose
1. To find out the ele ments in the novel
2. To find out the extrinsic and intrinsic elements
3. To analyze the elements in the novel

Chapter II
Theoretical Review

2.1 Intrinsic Elements in Fiction

iIntrinsic elements of story or fiction in general can be used by the reader to increase enjoyment
and understanding of different literary pieces. More familiar the different kind of elements, the
better we will understand and critically analyze stories. There are two kinds of intrinsic elements,
first is a literary fact and second is a literary device.

Literary facts are main point of made the literary works. Literary fact are, plot, setting and
characters. The writing of the facts in the story depend on the author’s style. It also became the
first thing to find when we read the story. It purposes to know about how the author writes the
story and the fact of the story. The following are the intrinsic elements :

1. Definition of Plot

Plot is a literary term used to describe the events that make up a story, or the main part of a story.
These events relate to each other in a pattern or a sequence. The structure of a novel depends on
the organization of events in the plot of the story.

Plot is known as the foundation of a novel or story, around which the characters and settings are
built. It is meant to organize information and events in a logical manner. When writing the plot
of a piece of literature, the author has to be careful that it does not dominate the other parts of the
story.

Primary Elements of a Plot

There are five main elements in a plot.

• Exposition or Introduction

This is the beginning of the story, where characters and setting are established. The conflict or
main problem is introduced as well.

• Rising Action
Rising action which occurs when a series of events build up to the conflict. The main characters
are established by the time the rising action of a plot occurs, and at the same time, events begin
to get complicated. It is during this part of a story that excitement, tension, or crisis is
encountered.

• Climax

In the climax, or the main point of the plot, there is a turning point of the story. This is meant to
be the moment of highest interest and emotion, leaving the reader wondering what is going to
happen next.

• Falling Action

Falling action, or the winding up of the story, occurs when events and complications begin to
resolve. The result of the actions of the main characters are put forward.

• Resolution

Resolution, or the conclusion, is the end of a story, which may occur with either a happy or a
tragic ending.

2. Definition of Theme

Theme is defined as a main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work, which may be
stated directly or indirectly.

• Difference Between a Theme and a Subject

It is important not to confuse a theme of a literary work with its subject. Subject is a topic that
acts as a foundation for a literary work, while a theme is an opinion expressed on the subject. For
example, a writer may choose a subject of war for his story, and the theme may be his personal
opinion that war is a curse for humanity. Usually, it is up to the readers to explore the theme of a
literary work by analyzing characters, plot, and other literary devices.

1. Characterization and character Definition

Character: applies to any individual in a literary work. Characters act out in a particular time and
place (SETTING) some kind of conflict in a pattern of events. Characterization: the process by
which an author creates a character.
2. Definition Of point of view

Point of view is the angle of considering things, which shows us the opinion or feelings of the
individuals involved in a situation. In literature, point of view is the mode of narration that an
author employs to let the readers “hear” and “see” what takes place in a story, poem, or essay.

3. Definition of setting

Setting is an environment or surrounding in which an event or story takes place. It may provide
particular information about placement and timing, such as New York, America, in the year
1820. Setting could be simply descriptive, like a lonely cottage on a mountain. Social conditions,
historical time, geographical locations, weather, immediate surroundings, and timing are all
different aspects of setting.

4. Definition of Style and Tone

• Style

The style in writing can be defined as the way a writer writes. It is the technique that an
individual author uses in his writing. It varies from author to author, and depends upon one’s
syntax, word choice, and tone. It can also be described as a “voice” that readers listen to when
they read the work of a writer.

• Tone

Tone, in written composition, is an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. Tone is


generally conveyed through the choice of words, or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular
subject.

2.2 Ekstrinsic Element of fiction

Ekstrinsik elment is element from outside fiction give indirect influence to shape the system of
fiction.

• Definition of Literature and Biography

A biography is simply an account or detailed description about the life of a person. It entails
basic facts, such as childhood, education, career, relationships, family, and death. Biography is a
literary genre that portrays the experiences of all these events occurring in the life of a person,
mostly in a chronological order. Unlike a resume or profile, a biography provides a life story of a
subject, highlighting different aspects of his of her life. A person who writes biographies, is
called as a “biographer.”

• Types of Biography

There are three types of biography:

1. Autobiography

An autobiography tells the story of a person’s own life. While that person writes his own
account, he or she may take guidance from a ghostwriter or collaborator.

2. Biography

A biography narrates the life story of a person, as written by another person or writer.

• Definition of Literature and Psychology

The study of how people think, act, influence and relate to each other is part of the context of
Social Psychology, a branch of Psychology that, in the 20th century, has been devoted to an
attempt to dialogue with the Social Sciences, also dealing with the social experience acquired by
the individuals who participate in different social movements. Within the first context, Krech and
Crutchfield (1973, p. 13) stated that denominations of the following type: “man-who-perceives”,
“man-who-needs” and “man-who-solves-problems” only represent a tripartition that acts as a
didatic artifice for the study of man. In other words, according to the author, in psychology
“there exists only one individual - who perceives and struggles and thinks” (i.e., an individual
who is characterized by having a “pattern of perceptions, motives, emotions and adaptive
behaviors” that “is unlike the pattern of anybody else”). Within this context, the writer, as an
individual, is a unique being highlighted in the uniqueness that conjugates the human ensemble
of individuals. His world is made up of what he perceives, feels, sees, thinks and imagines in a
manner that cannot be identically reproduced by any other person. The world, perceived in this
manner, precedes the writer's linguistic creation, primarily making him think with his senses. As
a consequence, the individual perception of a writer is his thought, his invention, an observation
about what is perceived.

• Definition of Literature andSociety


Interest in the relationship between literature and society is hardly a new phenomenon. We still
read and refer to the ancient Greeks in this regard. In The Republic, for example, Plato presages
both Mme. de Staël's treatise of 1800, which was the first to discuss cross-national differences in
literature, and later notions of literary reflection with his idea of imitation. What is new,
however, is the relative legitimacy of the study of literature within the discipline of sociology.
This is due both to the increasing interest in culture in sociology after years of marginalization
(Calhoun 1989) and to the increasing influence of cultural studies on sociology and throughout
the academy.

2.2 Extrinsic Elements in Fiction

Extrinsic Element is the element that is outside of literature or stories, but also determines the
form and content of a work/story. It inspired the writing of literary works and influence of
literature as a whole.The following are the extrinsicelements :

1. Definition of Literature and Biography

A biography is simply an account or detailed description about the life of a person. Unlike a
resume or profile, a biography provides a life story of a subject, highlighting different aspects of
his of her life.

2. Definition of Literature and Psychology

Literature is a product of human thought. It can be influenced by the environment of the


author; even it may contain the author’s way of life. Whilst, most people consider that literary
works are mirror of human life. In other words, literary works are used by authors for telling
what they feel and see and what they face in the social life involving human activities. Literary
works are known by people in the written form, those are novel, poetry, and also play (Sangidu,
2004:2)

3. Definition of Literature andSociety

A literary society is a group of people interested in literature. In the modern sense, this refers
to a society that wants to promote one genre of writing or a specific author. Modern literary
societies typically promote research, publish newsletters, and hold meetings where findings can
be presented and discussed.