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(Application of Derivatives)

π   π
31. The equation of the tangent to the curve cosy = xcos  + y  at the point  0,  , is
6   2
(a) 2y = 3x + π (b) 2y = 2x + π (c) 2y = x + π (d) 2y = 4x + π

32. If x = –3 and x = 4 are critical points of the function f(x) = alog|x| + bx2 + 3x, x ≠ 0,
then, a + 12b, equals
(a) 0 (b) 18 (c) –18 (d) 9

33. The variable Z is related to the variables N and W by Z = NW. If N and W change with respect to
time t as N = 3t2 + 5 and W = 2t2 – 5t + 9; then the rate of change of Z with respect to time t
at t = 3, is
(a) 428 (b) 468 (c) 480 (d) 440

34. The equation ecosx – e–cosx – 5 = 0. has


(a) infinite number of real roots (b) no real roots
(c) exactly four real roots (d) exactly one real root

35. The real number λ for which the equation 4x3 + 5x + λ = 0 has two distinct real roots in (0, 3)
(a) lies between – 2 and 5 (b) lies between 2 and 4
(c) lies between – 3 and 1 (d) does not exist

36. Let f(2) = –4 and f ’(x) ≥ 5.5 for 2 ≤ x ≤ 8. The possible values of f(8) lies in the interval
(a) (–20, ∞) (b) (30, 32) (c) (33, ∞) (d) (6, 12)

37. If F and G are differentiable functions in [0, 3] satisfying F(0) = 4 = G(3), G(0) = 0 and F(3) = 8.
Then, for some c∈ (0, 3),
(a) 3F’(c) = 2G’(c) (b) F’(c) = G’(c) (c) 2F’(c) = 3G’(c) (d) F’(c) = 4G’(c)

 b
38. The cost of running a bus from A to B, is  2av +  where v km/hr is the average speed of the
 v
bus. When the bus travels at 40km/hr the cost comes out to be 200 rupees. While at 60 km/hr, it
is 180 rupees. If the most economical speed (in km/hr) of bus is v, v2 equals
26800 24750 25600 28800
(a) (b) (c) (d)
7 7 7 7

39. The volume of the largest possible right circular cylinder that can be inscribed in a sphere of
radius 6 is
(a) 4π 6 (b) 8π 2 (c) 4π 2 (c) 16π

40. Two ships A and B are sailing straight away from a fixed point O along routes such that
∠AOB = 135°. At a certain instant, OA = 8 2 km and OB = 6 km. Also, ship A is sailing at the rate
of 15km/hr. While the ship B is sailing at the rate of 18 2 km/hr. Then the distance between
A and B is changing at the rate (km/hr)
228 2 + 189 324 + 189 2 188 2 + 240 208 2 + 108
(a) (b) (c) (d)
260 260 260 260

41. If (x0, y0) is a point on the curve xy2 = 16 which is nearest to the origin, (x20 + y20) equals.
(a) 12 (b) 8 (c) 16 (d) 21
42. Number of positive roots of the equation x7 + 14x5 + 17x3 + 15x − 22 = 0 is
(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3

x 5
43. f(x) = + , x ≠ 0 has a local maximum at
5 x
5
(a) 5 (b) − 5 (c) (d) no maximum point
2

6 x 2 + 15 x + 78
44. Let f(x) = . A local maximum value of f(x) is equal to
6 x 2 + 15 x + 17
(a) 1 (b) 9
(c) 18 (d) no local maximum exists

x2 y2
45. Area of the greatest rectangle that can be inscribed in the ellipse + = 1 is
49 25
35
(a) (b) 35 (c) 70 (d) 70 2
2