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MDSO804D

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining


Assignment 1

Question 1
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following is not one of the emerging scenario of Indian refining industry?
1. Constant product demand
2. Stringent product specifications
3. Shifting product demand
4. Stringent environmental regulations

Question 2
Select the most appropriate option
Although accounting information is used by a wide variety of external parties, financial
reporting is primarily directed toward the information needs of:
1. Investors and creditors
2. Government agencies such as the Internal Revenue Service
3. Customers
4. Trade associations and labor unions

Question 3
Choose the right option- The question may have more than one correct answer.
Low-octane compounds may be converted into more desireable high-octane compounds by
which THREE of the following processes?
1. Knocking

2. Isomerisation

3. Dehydrocyclisation

4. Catalytic cracking

Question 4
Select the most appropriate option
High-octane compounds are used to prevent knocking in petrol engines. Which one of
the following features is not present in high-octane compounds?
1. Presence of one or more ring structures
2. Short chain length
3. High degree of branching
4. Presence of C=C bonds

Question 5
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following is used for generation of power and calcined petroleum coke?
1. Propylene
2. Asphalt
3. Lube oils
4. Raw Petroleum Coke

Question 6
Select the most appropriate option
TAN stands for:
1. Total Active Number
2. Time Acid Number
3. Total Acid Number
4. None of the above

Question 7
Select the most appropriate option
What does SCADA stands for?
1. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition.
2. Supervisory Control and Data Application.
3. Super Control and Data Acquisition.
4. Supervisory Control and Design Application.

Question 8
Select the most appropriate option
Panipat Refinery of Idegree celsiuswas commissioned in:
1. 1988
2. 1978
3. 1968
4. 1998

Question 9
Fit the best option
ISOMERS
are metaxylene, orthoxylene andparaxylene.

Question 10
Select the most appropriate option
Blow-down in the form of leakage and manual draining is provided to :
1. Build-up of sulphur concentration.
2. Avoid build-up of sulphur concentration.
3. Build-up the salt concentration.
4. Avoid build-up of salt concentration.

Question 11
Select the most appropriate option
The unit of measurement of density of PC Naphtha is:
1. percent v
2. kg/M3
3. mg/kg Oil
4. mgKOH/gm

Question 12
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following is not one of the test conducted on petroleum products?
1. TON

2. RON

3. MON

4. BMCI

Question 13
Fit the best option
higher
Lower the sediments and water, the reliability of the unit.

Question 14
Fit the best option
80
India imports almost percent of its crude oil requirement.

Question 15
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following is not an improvement in refining?
1. Distillation
2. Hydro processing

3. Coking

4. Delayed coking

Question 16
Select the most appropriate option
What is crude oil?
1. A mixture of hydrocarbons
2. A mixture of carbons
3. A mixture of hydroatoms
4. A mixture of elements

Question 17
Select the most appropriate option
There are two basic types of desalters:
1. Chemical and electrical.
2. Chemical and Mechemical.
3. Mechemical and electrical.
4. None of the above

Question 18
Select the most appropriate option
Propane comes from :
1. Oil and natural gas wells
2. Oil
3. Petrol
4. Kerosene

Question 19
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following test is applicable to all fuels?
1. Flame point
2. Viscosity
3. Copper corrosion
4. Pour point

Question 20
Select the most appropriate option
Panipat Refinery is an oil refinery located in -------village, Panipat, India.
1. Bhadai
2. Majra
3. Jind
4. Baholi

Question 21
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following would not be classified as a chemical hazard?
1. Occupational Overuse Syndrome

2. Vapours

3. Gases

4. Fibres

Question 22
Select the most appropriate option
Crude oil is a fossil fuel. Which one of the following is not a fossil fuel?
1. Uranium ore
2. Natural gas
3. Coal
4. Coke

Question 23
Select the most appropriate option
Which is the most important property of motor gasoline?
1. Cetane Number
2. Density
3. Existent Gum
4. Octane number

Question 24
Select the most appropriate option
Worldwide availability of sweet and light crude is decreasing, therefore, future refineries
will have to be ready to process:
1. Light and sour crudes.
2. Heavy and sweet crudes.
3. Heavy and sour crudes.
4. Light and sweet crudes.

Question 25
Select the most appropriate option
One PSA cycle is built up of two basic phases:
1. Adoption and Degeneration
2. Adoption and Regeneration
3. Adsorption and Regeneration
4. Adsorption and Degeneration

Question 26
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following is the purpose of Amine Treating Unit?
1. To remove H2S from natural gases to meet environmental requirements.
2. To add H2S in fuel gases to meet environmental requirements.
3. To remove H2S from fuel gases to meet environmental requirements.
4. Either 1 or 3

Question 27
Select the most appropriate option
In the new refineries, which of the following technology gaps have to be covered?
1. Reduction of ‘O’ (oxygen) from MS, HSD and FO.
2. Reduction of ‘N’ (Nitrogen) from MS, HSD and FO.
3. Reduction of ‘S’ (sulphur) from MS, HSD and FO.
4. Reduction of ‘H’ (Hydrogen) from MS, HSD and FO.

Question 28
Select the most appropriate option
Exhaust gas and flue gas emissions in the petroleum refining sector result from:
1. The combustion of petrol
2. The combustion of kerosene
3. The combustion of gas and fuel oil
4. None of the above

Question 29
Fit the best option
All the grades are blended from the same set of #FFTB#, but with different
blendstock
recipes.

Question 30
Select the most appropriate option
What is the boiling range of gas oil?
1. 250 degree celsius to 360 degree celsius
2. 150 degree celsius to 360 degree celsius

3. 250 degree celsius to 460 degree celsius

4. 150 degree celsius to 460 degree celsius

Question 31
Select the most appropriate option
Assessment to central excise duties is:
1. Invoice-based.

2. Process-based.

3. Product-based.

4. None of the above

Question 32
Fit the best option
paraffins
Normal have the lowest octane number

Question 33
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following is not an example of Improved and integrated refining?
1. Production of better quality products.

2. Residuation in residues/heavier ends.

3. Management of power and utilities.

4. Petrochemicals production

Question 34
Select the most appropriate option
The temperature at which the oil becomes immobile is:
1. Flour Point

2. Flash Point

3. Pour Point
4. Pair Point

Question 35
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following falls under the heads for capital cost?
1. Operational Cost

2. Technical Cost

3. Construction Cost

4. Creditors Cost

Question 36
Select the most appropriate option
In which fraction of crude oil do pentane and its isomers occur?
1. Fuel oil

2. Light gasoline

3. Naphtha

4. Gas oil

Question 37
State whether the given statement is True or False
Straight run naphtha, from the crude distillation unit, is desulphurized in the reformer feed.
1. true

2. false

Question 38
Select the most appropriate option
When did the Indian Oil Company was formed ?
1. 1959

2. 1964

3. 1970

4. 1973

Question 39
Select the most appropriate option
The difference in volume between the maximum safe fill capacity and the quantity below which
pump suction is ineffective (bottoms) is:
1. Operational Storage Capacity

2. Working Capacity

3. Storage Capacity

4. Working Storage Capacity

Question 40
Select the most appropriate option
An example of primary fuel is :
1. Wood charcoal

2. Natural gas

3. Coke

4. Petrol

Question 41
Select the most appropriate option
Distillation under reduced pressure (less the atmospheric) which lowers the boiling temperature
of the liquid being distilled is:
1. Hydro Distillation

2. Gasoline Distillation

3. Vacuum Distillation

4. Thermal Distillation

Question 42
Select the most appropriate option
Hydrocarbons with single carbon-to-carbon bonds are known as:
1. Alkynes

2. Alkenes

3. Alkanes
4. Aromatic hydrocarbons

Question 43
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following is NOT a petroleum product?
1. Crayons

2. Gasoline

3. Plastic

4. Concrete

Question 44
Fit the best option
Columbia
The United States is defined as the 50 States and the District of .
Question 45
Select the most appropriate option
Which is TRUE about the process of 'cracking' in the petrochemical oil industry?
1. It doesn't need a catalyst

2. It can make small molecules to convert into plastics

3. It needs a low temperature

4. It makes small molecules into more useful bigger molecules like petrol

Question 46
Select the most appropriate option
Dynamic model predicts responses of various equipment and process parameters due to any
change in:
1. 1) Feedstock quality or quantity 2) Financial conditions 3) Utility parameters (e.g. fuel gas quality
for the furnace) 4) Price of products.
2. 1) Feedstock quality or quantity 2) Economical conditions 3) Conditional parameters 4) Price of
products.
3. 1) Feedstock quality or quantity 2) Operating conditions 3) Utility parameters (e.g. fuel gas quality
for the furnace) 4) Price of products.
4. 1) Feedstock quality or quantity 2) Operating conditions 3) Utility parameters (e.g. fuel gas quality
for the furnace) 4) Change in demand of products.

Question 48
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following is the reason for the increase in ratio of carbon to hydrogen from the low
to high molecular weight fraction?
1. Decrease in polynuclear aromatic and multi ring cycloparaffins in these higher boiling fractions

2. Increase in polynuclear aromatic and multi ring cycloparaffins in these higher boiling fractions

3. Increase in polynuclear aromatic and multi ring cycloparaffins in these low boiling fractions

4. Both 2 and 3

Question 49
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following are crude indigenous crude oil sources in India?
1. 1) Bombay high and satellite fields 2) North Gujarat and Ankaleshwar crude 3) Assam crudes 4)
KG Basin-Rava crude 5) Cauvery Basin crude
2. 1) Gujarat high and satellite fields 2) North Gujarat and Ankaleshwar crude 3) Bihar crudes 4) KG
Basin-Rava crude 5) Cauvery Basin crude
3. 1) Bombay high and satellite fields 2) North Gujarat and Ankaleshwar crude 3) Assam crudes 4)
KG Basin-Rava crude 5) Krishna Basin crude
4. 1) Bihar high and satellite fields 2) West Gujarat and Ankaleshwar crude 3) Assam crudes 4) KG
Basin-Rava crude 5) Cauvery Basin crude

Question 50
Select the most appropriate option
Which has the highest entropy?
1. H2O(l) at 4degree celsius

2. H2O(g) at 100degree celsius

3. H2O(l) at 100degree celsius

4. H2O(g) at 150degree celsius

5. H2O(s) at -50degree celsius

Question 51
Select the most appropriate option
If the preliminary estimate looks attractive, funds may be sanctioned to allow which of the
following to take place?
1. Back End Engineering Design
2. Front End Technical Design

3. Back End Technical Design

4. Front End Engineering Design

Question 52
Fit the best option
sulphur
Crude oil is becoming heavier and higher in and metal content.

Question 53
Select the most appropriate option
Divisibility assumption in linear programming implies:
1. Resources can be divided among products

2. Products can be divided among customers

3. Decision variables may take on integer values

4. Decision variables may take on fractional values

Question 54
Select the most appropriate option
The capital investment required to meet a given ULSF standard depends not only on
theupgrading path of choice but also on:
1. Local political factors

2. Local financial factors

3. Local economic factors

4. Local technological factors

Question 55
State whether the given statement is True or False
The Saybolt universal viscosity is the time in seconds required for the flow of 60 ml of petroleum
from a container, at a constant temperature, through a calibrated orifice.
1. true

2. false

Question 56
Select the most appropriate option
At present how many refineries are there in India?
1. 19

2. 20

3. 21

4. 22

Question 57
Choose the right option- The question may have more than one correct answer.
Which two products are not blends of various streams from different units?
1. Kerosene

2. LPG

3. Naphtha

4. Olefins

Question 58
Select the most appropriate option
Which of the following form is crude oil in when it enters the fractionating tower?
1. Vapour

2. Gasoline

3. Diesel

4. Petrol

Question 59
State whether the given statement is True or False
Excess gas should be vented for efficient disposal.
1. true

2. false

Question 60
Select the most appropriate option
The proper arrangement of the petroleum fractions in order of their boiling points is:
1. 1) Lubricating oil 2) Diesel 3) Petrol 4) LPG
2. 1) Lubricating oil 2) Petrol 3) Diesel 4) LPG

3. 1) Petrol 2) Lubricating oil 3) Diesel 4) LPG

4. 1) Petrol 2) Diesel 3) LPG 4) lubricating oil

Question 61
State whether the given statement is True or False
Based on boiling point, the fractions are combined and given primary treatment to utilise it as
finished products.
1. true

2. false

Question 62
Choose the right option- The question may have more than one correct answer.
Which of the following are the properties of kerosine?
1. Kerosines are colourless blends of relatively involatile petroleum fractions.

2. Kerosines boil between about 150-250 degree celsius, and have a relative density of about 0.8.

3. Kerosines are yellow colour blends of relatively involatile petroleum fractions.

4. Kerosines boil between about 250-350 degree celsius, and have a relative density of about 1.8.

Question 63
Select the most appropriate option
A measurement of the quality of an organisation’s policies, products, programs, strategies, etc.,
and their comparison with standard measurements or similar measurements of its peers is
known as:
1. Planning

2. Comparative analysis

3. Benchmarking

4. Controlling

Answer:
 Question 1

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following is not one of the emerging scenario of Indian refining industry?

 Question 2

Select the most appropriate option


Although accounting information is used by a wide variety of external parties, financial
reporting is primarily directed toward the information needs of:

 Question 3

Choose the right option- The question may have more than one correct answer.
Low-octane compounds may be converted into more desireable high-octane compounds
by which THREE of the following processes?

 Question 4

Select the most appropriate option


High-octane compounds are used to prevent knocking in petrol engines. Which one of
the following features is not present in high-octane compounds?

 Question 5

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following is used for generation of power and calcined petroleum coke?

 Question 6

Select the most appropriate option


TAN stands for:

 Question 7

Select the most appropriate option


What does SCADA stands for?

 Question 8
Select the most appropriate option
Panipat Refinery of Idegree celsiuswas commissioned in:

 Question 9

Fit the best option


[var0] are metaxylene, orthoxylene andparaxylene.

 Question 10

Select the most appropriate option


Blow-down in the form of leakage and manual draining is provided to :

 Question 11

Select the most appropriate option


The unit of measurement of density of PC Naphtha is:

 Question 12

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following is not one of the test conducted on petroleum products?

 Question 13

Fit the best option


Lower the sediments and water, [var0] the reliability of the unit.

 Question 14

Fit the best option


India imports almost [var0] percent of its crude oil requirement.

 Question 15

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following is not an improvement in refining?

 Question 16
Select the most appropriate option
What is crude oil?

 Question 17

Select the most appropriate option


There are two basic types of desalters:

 Question 18

Select the most appropriate option


Propane comes from :

 Question 19

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following test is applicable to all fuels?

 Question 20

Select the most appropriate option


Panipat Refinery is an oil refinery located in -------village, Panipat, India.

 Question 21

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following would not be classified as a chemical hazard?

 Question 22

Select the most appropriate option


Crude oil is a fossil fuel. Which one of the following is not a fossil fuel?

 Question 23

Select the most appropriate option


Which is the most important property of motor gasoline?
 Question 24

Select the most appropriate option


Worldwide availability of sweet and light crude is decreasing, therefore, future refineries
will have to be ready to process:

 Question 25

Select the most appropriate option


One PSA cycle is built up of two basic phases:

 Question 26

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following is the purpose of Amine Treating Unit?

 Question 27

Select the most appropriate option


In the new refineries, which of the following technology gaps have to be covered?

 Question 28

Select the most appropriate option


Exhaust gas and flue gas emissions in the petroleum refining sector result from:

 Question 29

Fit the best option


All the grades are blended from the same set of #FFTB#, but with different
recipes. [var0]

 Question 30

Select the most appropriate option


What is the boiling range of gas oil?

 Question 31
Select the most appropriate option
Assessment to central excise duties is:

 Question 32

Fit the best option


Normal [var0] have the lowest octane number.

 Question 33

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following is not an example of Improved and integrated refining?

 Question 34

Select the most appropriate option


The temperature at which the oil becomes immobile is:

 Question 35

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following falls under the heads for capital cost?

 Question 36

Select the most appropriate option


In which fraction of crude oil do pentane and its isomers occur?

 Question 37

State whether the given statement is True or False


Straight run naphtha, from the crude distillation unit, is desulphurized in the reformer
feed.

 Question 38

Select the most appropriate option


When did the Indian Oil Company was formed ?

 Question 39
Select the most appropriate option
The difference in volume between the maximum safe fill capacity and the quantity below
which pump suction is ineffective (bottoms) is:

 Question 40

Select the most appropriate option


An example of primary fuel is :

 Question 41

Select the most appropriate option


Distillation under reduced pressure (less the atmospheric) which lowers the boiling
temperature of the liquid being distilled is:

 Question 42

Select the most appropriate option


Hydrocarbons with single carbon-to-carbon bonds are known as:

 Question 43

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following is NOT a petroleum product?

 Question 44

Fit the best option


The United States is defined as the 50 States and the District of [var0].

 Question 45

Select the most appropriate option


Which is TRUE about the process of 'cracking' in the petrochemical oil industry?

 Question 46
Select the most appropriate option
Dynamic model predicts responses of various equipment and process parameters due to
any change in:

 Question 47

Choose the right option- The question may have more than one correct answer.
Which of the following are the impacts of emissions from chemical plant?

 Question 48

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following is the reason for the increase in ratio of carbon to hydrogen from
the low to high molecular weight fraction?

 Question 49

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following are crude indigenous crude oil sources in India?

 Question 50

Select the most appropriate option


Which has the highest entropy?

 Question 51

Select the most appropriate option


If the preliminary estimate looks attractive, funds may be sanctioned to allow which of
the following to take place?

 Question 52

Fit the best option


Crude oil is becoming heavier and higher in [var0] and metal content.

 Question 53

Select the most appropriate option


Divisibility assumption in linear programming implies:
 Question 54

Select the most appropriate option


The capital investment required to meet a given ULSF standard depends not only on
theupgrading path of choice but also on:

 Question 55

State whether the given statement is True or False


The Saybolt universal viscosity is the time in seconds required for the flow of 60 ml of
petroleum from a container, at a constant temperature, through a calibrated orifice.

 Question 56

Select the most appropriate option


At present how many refineries are there in India?

 Question 57

Choose the right option- The question may have more than one correct answer.
Which two products are not blends of various streams from different units?

 Question 58

Select the most appropriate option


Which of the following form is crude oil in when it enters the fractionating tower?

 Question 59

State whether the given statement is True or False


Excess gas should be vented for efficient disposal.

 Question 60

Select the most appropriate option


The proper arrangement of the petroleum fractions in order of their boiling points is:

 Question 61
State whether the given statement is True or False
Based on boiling point, the fractions are combined and given primary treatment to utilise
it as finished products.

 Question 62

Choose the right option- The question may have more than one correct answer.
Which of the following are the properties of kerosine?

 Question 63

Select the most appropriate option


A measurement of the quality of an organisation’s policies, products, programs,
strategies, etc., and their comparison with standard measurements or similar
measurements of its peers is known as: