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AKASH

(

THE

FIRST

INDIGENOUS

SURFACE

TO

AIR

WEAPON

SYSTEM

TO

BE

DESIGNED AND DEVELOPED BY DRDO, TRANSFERRED THE TECHNOLOGY

TO INDIAN INDUSTRY AND INDUCTED IN TO INDIAN AIR FORCE AND INDIAN ARMY)

1. SALIENT FEATURES :

AUTOMATED AIR DEFENCE FUNCTIONS

SIMULTANEOUS MULTIPLE TARGET ENGAGEMENT

GROUP / AUTONOMOUS MODE OPERATION

HIGH AVERAGE VELOCITY RAMJET MISSILE

SECURED RADIO COMMUNICATION

AUTOMATIC CHECKOUT & LAUNCH

READY TO FIRE MISSILE

HIGH SSKP / COST

HIGH PERFORMANCE WARHEAD

CUSTOM CONFIGURED & INDUCTED IN INDIAN AIR FORCE AND INDIAN ARMY

EXTENSIVELY TESTED AND VALIDATED BY USERS

2. CREDENTIALS OF AKASH :

FIRST SURFACE TO AIR WEAPON SYSTEM TO BE DESIGNED, DEVELOPED, PRODUCED AND INDUCTED IN BOTH IAF AND INDIAN ARMY FOR THE FIRST TIME INDIA

INTERNATIONALLY

COMPEATABLE

IN

PERFORMANCE

AND

COST EFFECTIVE SURFACE TO AIR WEAPON SYSTEM

FIRST WEAPON SYSTEM TO INTERCEPT FAST MOVING VERY LOW ALTITUDE AND NEAR BOUNDARY UAVs

FIRST INDIGENOUS WEAPON SYSTEM DEVELOPED BY DRDO TO GET PRODUCTION ORDERS WORTH MORE THAN Rs 25,000 Cr.

ABOUT 95% OF ITEMS ARE MADE IN INDIA

MORE THAN 265 INDIAN INDUSTRIES AND ABOUT 20,000 PEOPLE ARE BUSY IN CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION & INDUCTION OF SYSTEMS

MORE THAN 80% ITEMS ARE MADE IN PRIVATE INDUSTRIES

WEAPON

SYSTEM

COST

IS

ATLEAST

ABOUT

45%

EQUIVALENT IMPORTED SYSTEMS

OF

REPLACES SINGLE TARGET HANDLING IMPORTED SYSTEMS AND SAVED NEARLY Rs 60,000 Cr WORTH FOREIGN EXCHANGE TO THE COUNTRY

NEARLY

60%

OF

PRODUCTION

DELIVERED TO USERS

ORDERS

ARE

ALREADY

SUCCESSFULLY DEMONSTRATED THE INTEGRATED FUNCTIONS OF DRDO, DDP, USERS, INSPECTION AGENCIES, INDUSTRY PARTNERS

LIFTED UP THE USER CONFIDENCE IN INDIAN PRODUCTS / SYSTEMS DEVELOPED BY DRDO

HELPED INDIAN INDUSTRIES TO REACH FROM COMMERCIAL GRADE TO AEROSPACE CAPABILITY. SOME OF THESE INDUSTRIES ARE ALSO EXPORTING SYSTEMS TO ADVANCED COUNTRIES

CAPABILITY TO RE-ENGINEER THE WEAPON SYSTEM ELEMENTS TO SUIT CUSTOMER NEEDS

FIRST TIME SUCH A MEGA PROJECT COULD BE CONFIGURED,

ENGINEERED, PRODUCED AND DELIVERED TO INDIAN DEFENCE

FORCES IN LESS THAN 4 YEARS INCLUDING VALIDATION

TESTING

3. Technologies / Systems developed FOR AKASH :

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

Integral Ram Rocket Propulsion System

Multifunction Phased Array Radar System

Multi beam 3D Surveillance Radar System

C 4 I System hardware and software for Air Defence application

X-band radar to missile jam proof command link

Dual control digital autopilot & PN guidance

Digitally coded Radio Proximity Fuze in Ku band

Electrical Servo System for launcher application

Frequency hopping communication system for ranges up to 30 Km

Compact digital onboard processor

Switchable antenna system

Built in ECCM features for jam proof guidance

Digital coded guidance schemes for multiple missile tracking

End game techniques for maximizing effectiveness of kill

Multi Radar Tracking and fusion of tracks

Pre-fragmented warhead with high explosives for better density of kill

Power supply systems to deliver power at both high and low frequencies

Integrated Mathematical models representing the functionality of weapon system and its elements

Digital signal processing techniques to increase the flexibility of changes

Software Algorithms for automatic controlling of weapon system

Simulators and training aids to demonstrate capability of system

4.0

Configuration of Aka sh Missile System - Indian Air Force:

AKASH AIR DEFENCE SYSTEM – AIR FORCE

cher AREA TO BE DEFENDED Launcher Control Centre FIRING UNIT – 1 (FU-1) FIRING UN
cher
AREA TO BE
DEFENDED
Launcher
Control
Centre
FIRING UNIT – 1
(FU-1)
FIRING UN IT – 2
(FU-2 )
Command
Center
Surveillance
SQUADRON HQrs
Radar
TECHNICAL UNIT (TU)

5.0 Configuration of A kash Missile System - Indian Army

:

SQUADRON HQrs Radar TECHNICAL UNIT (TU) 5.0 Configuration of A kash Missile System - Indian Army

6.0

WEAPON SYSTEM ELEMENTS :

MULTI FUNCTION PHASED ARRAY RADAR

WEAPON SYSTEM ELEMENTS : MULTI FUNCTION PHASED ARRAY RADAR MULTIPLE TARGET SEARCH, DETECTION, TRACK MULTIPLE MISSILE
WEAPON SYSTEM ELEMENTS : MULTI FUNCTION PHASED ARRAY RADAR MULTIPLE TARGET SEARCH, DETECTION, TRACK MULTIPLE MISSILE

MULTIPLE TARGET

SEARCH,

DETECTION, TRACK

MULTIPLE MISSILE SEARCH &

TRACK, GUIDANCE IFF DIGITAL BEAM SCANNING PHASED ARRAY TECHNOLOGY DIGITAL COMMAND GUIDANCE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING MONOPULSE SLEWABLE

PHASE CONTROL MODULE

PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA INTEGRATION

AKASH MISSILE LAUNCHERS

PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA INTEGRATION AKASH MISSILE LAUNCHERS ROLE TO CARRY , ORIENT AND LAUNCH THREE AKASH
PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA INTEGRATION AKASH MISSILE LAUNCHERS ROLE TO CARRY , ORIENT AND LAUNCH THREE AKASH

ROLE

TO CARRY , ORIENT AND LAUNCH THREE AKASH MISSILES

TO PERFORM AUTO LAUNCH CHECKS

FEATURES

E. M. SERVO DRIVE CONTROL WITH

AZ 360 DEG & EL UPTO 60 DEG

BACK UP E M. OUTRIGGERS

BUILT IN POWER SUPPLY

LOCAL & REMOTE

REQUIRED TRACKING AND SLEWING

RATES RAIL AND ROAD TRANSPORTABLE

SELF TEST, FAULT INDICATION

MISSILE SIMULATORS

SECURING THE MISSILES IN

TRANSPORT OPERATION CONDITIONS

MODULAR DETACHABLE

3D SURVEILLANCE RADARS :

3D SURVEILLANCE RADARS : AKASH MISSILE FEATURES PHYSICAL : DIAMETER LENGTH WEIGHT OF MISSILE : 350
3D SURVEILLANCE RADARS : AKASH MISSILE FEATURES PHYSICAL : DIAMETER LENGTH WEIGHT OF MISSILE : 350

AKASH MISSILE FEATURES

3D SURVEILLANCE RADARS : AKASH MISSILE FEATURES PHYSICAL : DIAMETER LENGTH WEIGHT OF MISSILE : 350
PHYSICAL : DIAMETER LENGTH WEIGHT OF MISSILE : 350 mm : 5820 mm : 710
PHYSICAL :
DIAMETER
LENGTH
WEIGHT OF MISSILE
:
350 mm
:
5820 mm
: 710 kgs

FUNCTIONAL :

SOLID INTEGRAL RAM ROCKET PROPULSION SYSTEM CODED COMMAND GUIDANCE SYSTEM 16 DIGITALLY SETTABLE FREQUENCIES DIGITAL ONBOARD PROCESSOR LONG SHELF LIFE THERMAL POWER SOURCE HIGH PERFORMANCE PRE-FRAGMENTED WARHEAD DIGITAL RADIO PROXIMITY FUZE SWITCHABLE GUIDANCE ANTENNAE SAFETY ARMING MECHANISM AUTOMATIC CHECKOUT AND LAUNCH AUTOMATIC ABORT SYSTEM

VARIENTS EVOLVED DURING DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION :

AKASH WEAPON CONTROL RADAR EVOLUTION

BLR –I BLR – II BLR – III FLR TLR 1995 2000 2007 2010 2013
BLR –I
BLR – II
BLR – III
FLR
TLR
1995
2000
2007
2010
2013
PRODUCTION
DEVELOPMENT
BMP – I
Static Array
First
generation
processor –
16 bit
processor
BMP – II
Slewing
capability
32 bit
processors
Indigenous
PCMs
IFF Mk-X
T-72
Power PC
based
Computer
Analog
Display
Improved
Command
transmitter
Indigenous
PCMs
TRAILER
PSP
MPM
FO based
Ethernet
Radar Scan
Converter
IFF Mk-XI
TATRA
Transmitter
with better
duty cycle
IFF MK-XII
Power PC
based PSP
Dual core
processor
based
computer
LAUNCHER EVOLUTION ASPL- I ASPL – II ASPL- III AAFL AAL 1991 1996 2007 2005
LAUNCHER EVOLUTION
ASPL- I
ASPL – II
ASPL- III
AAFL
AAL
1991
1996
2007
2005
2013
BMP – I
BUILT IN GT
SET
BMP – II
BUILT IN GT
SET
T-72
BUILT IN GT
GENSET
•TRAILER
•OUTRIGGERS
• BUILT IN DG
SET
TATRA
BUILT IN DG
SET
DEVELOPMENT
PRODUCTION

7.0

Production Methodology adopted :

SCHEME FOR PRODUCTION OF AKASH MISSILE SYSTEM

USERS (Army & Airforce) LEAD PRODUCTION AGENCY (BEL (B) / BDL) FOR PRODUCT DELIVERY &
USERS
(Army &
Airforce)
LEAD PRODUCTION AGENCY (BEL (B) / BDL)
FOR PRODUCT DELIVERY & LIFE CYCLE
SUPPORT
DRDO FOR
TECH SUPPORT
QA agency -
MSQAA
RADARS AND GROUND
ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
MISSILES
& SUPPORT EQUIPMENT
LAUNCHERS
M/S BHARAT ELECTRONICS LTD
• 3D Central Acquisition Radar
M/S BHARAT DYNAMICS
LTD
M/S TATA POWER
(SED), M/S L&T
• Troop Level Radar / FLR
• Missile
• Troop Control Center / FCC
• Mobile station for
• Command Control Center / SCC
Missile check out
• Akash Air Force
Launcher
• Troop Eqpt & Maint. Vehicles
• Missile Container
• Akash Army
Launchers
• Tactical Satellite Terminal
• Ground support
systems

AKASH PRODUCTION - STAKE HOLDERS - WORK SHARE

systems AKASH PRODUCTION - STAKE HOLDERS - WORK SHARE Clarifications to Users Flight trials DRDL LRDE

Clarifications to Users Flight trials

DRDL

LRDE

R&DE

VRDE

HEMRL

ARDE

ASL

RCI

ITR

CFEES

ADE

TBRL

CARE

USERs (IAF / IA) Prodn. orders
USERs
(IAF / IA)
Prodn.
orders

Design related issues ToT Documents, Drgs Qualification testg. WS integration testing Infrastructure planning S/W Dev. / inputs / testg.

Infrastructure planning S/W Dev. / inputs / testg. • Delivery of AMS • Product support •

Delivery of AMS

Product support

Training / User Docs.

DRDL Project AKASH
DRDL
Project
AKASH

LEAD PSUs (BEL / BDL)

/ User Docs. DRDL Project AKASH LEAD PSUs (BEL / BDL) QA proced. MQAP / QAP

QA proced. MQAP / QAP Docs. QTPs / ATPs Addl Vendor Qualfn.

SDRCs, WBs QA /QC work share I - noting
SDRCs, WBs
QA /QC work share
I - noting

Quality, Rate of production supply chain mgt.

MSQAA
MSQAA

critical stage insp SO / QAP vetting

INDUSTRY

PARTNERS

Addl sub-Vendor Dev.

8.0

VALIDATION FLIGHT TRIALS ON DELIVERABLE PRODUCTI ON SYSTEMS:

8.0 VALIDATION FLIGHT TRIALS ON DELIVERABLE PRODUCTI ON SYSTEMS: Page 9 of 10
8.0 VALIDATION FLIGHT TRIALS ON DELIVERABLE PRODUCTI ON SYSTEMS: Page 9 of 10
8.0 VALIDATION FLIGHT TRIALS ON DELIVERABLE PRODUCTI ON SYSTEMS: Page 9 of 10

9.0

ACHIEVEMENT

DRDO’S

ACHIEVEMENT

DESIGNED, DEVELOPED, PRODUCED, TESTED AND INDUCTED AKASH SURFACE TO AIR WEAPON SYSTEM IN BOTH ARMY
DESIGNED, DEVELOPED, PRODUCED, TESTED AND
INDUCTED
AKASH SURFACE TO AIR WEAPON SYSTEM IN BOTH ARMY AND
AIR FORCE FOR THE FIRST TIME IN THE COUNTRY
EVOLVED METHODOLOGIES & SCHEMES FOR CONTINUOUS
PRODUCTION, TESTING, ACCEPTANCE
AND INDUCTION
BUILT THE TEAMS & INFRASTRUCTURE ACROSS PUBLIC AND
PRIVATE INDUSTRY
& INFRASTRUCTURE ACROSS PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INDUSTRY DETAILS PROVIDED BY : G CHANDRAMOULI, OS & PD

DETAILS PROVIDED BY : G CHANDRAMOULI, OS & PD AKASH for DRDO WEBSITE