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1. What is Multimedia?
Multimedia is the area concerned with the computer-controlled integration of
text, graphics, drawings, images, video, animation, audio, and any other media where
every type of information can be represented, stored, transmitted and processed digitally.
2. Explain the characteristics of each multimedia type.
a.) Text - is the most common multimedia element. It expresses the information that
developer is trying to get over to their viewers. It is also good idea to grab the
viewers’ attention if ever the picture does not load.
b.) Audio - most of the time, audio files are deployed using plug-in media players. There
are a few audio formats include RealAudio, MIDI, Wave, WMA, and MP3. The
developer will compress the format to reduce the length or duration of time. One can
stream the audio before the file is downloaded.
c.) Video - are seen concerning multimedia elements in the most common place which is
the web. Flash, MPEG, AVI, WMV, and QuickTime are a few digital video formats.
It can increase the speed of the playback when streaming digital videos. To hold on to
the viewers’ attention, developers use videos.
d.) Image - an image catches the viewers’ attention more quickly than text. Almost every
multimedia application holds images. The most common images are JPEGS and
PNGs. And also, Photoshop and Paint.NET creates high tech visual effects which are
common with images.
e.) Animation - draws in the younger crowd. The most common tool for creating these
animations is Adobe Flash. It is the most creative and fun multimedia element.
3. Give at least three (3) application software (either commercial, open source or freeware)
and explain their history and versions released, functionalities and features for the
a) Text Manipulation –
1. Microsoft Word – is one of the most popular and most widely used word processing
applications in the market. Microsoft Word has more than 90% of the word processing
market and more than 450 million users. Microsoft Corporation first released this
program to the market in 1989. Microsoft Word is a part of the Microsoft Office suite of
programs, which include Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook and Publisher. Word can be used to
format text and build layout documents.

Word 95
Word 97
Word 98
Word 2000
Word 2001/Word X
Word 2002/XP
Word 2003
Word 2004
Word 2007
Word 2008
Word 2010
Word 2011
Word 2013

Word 2016
Word 2019


The main purpose of Word is to create text documents that can be saved electronically, printed
on paper or saved as PDF files.

- Composition and Editing

Microsoft Word allows users to type words, sentences and paragraphs. It allows you to edit your
words after typing them. For example, you can correct spelling, grammar, change words, delete
or add words.

- Formatting and Saving

Microsoft Word have many features that you can use to format your text like boldface type,
italics, underlining, headers and footers, bullets and numbering. The program will also allow you
to save your document electronically to the computer's hard drive.

- Printing

Microsoft Word can also print your document. With Word, you can select printing options, such
as selecting how many copies of the document you want to print or whatever document you want
to be print.


- Working with Text and Styles

Microsoft Word is designed primarily for text-based documents. These can be business reports,
student papers, informal notes from a call or a lecture, or letters to friends and relatives.

In Microsoft Word, you type text and see roughly how it will appear on someone else's computer
screen or on paper. You can change the font, color, size and other style settings for text using
Word's built-in options. To style multiple sections of text the same way, such as to consistently
style headings in a certain way, you can create styles that group multiple formatting options into
one setting.

- Saving and Printing

After creating a document in Microsoft Word, you usually want to save it for later access, send
to someone, print it out, or any combination of these uses. With Word, you can save a document
in a variety of formats for compatibility with other software. You can save the document locally
on your computer or, if you're using a recent version, to a Microsoft-supported cloud system so
you and others can access it remotely. You can also print documents using most modern printers,
adjusting settings such as whether to print in color or black and white, whether to print on both
sides of the paper and what size and shape of paper you want to use.

- Word and Compatibility

Microsoft Word has been designed for years to maximize compatibility between versions.
Typically, versions of Microsoft Word can open files created in previous versions of the software
and save files in formats usable by earlier versions. You can also save files in formats such as

Rich Text Format, which is used by a variety of competing products. Many other word
processing programs can open files created in Microsoft Word. If you take advantage of newer
features in a document, you may not be able to fully rely on them when you open the document
in another program, including an earlier version of Word.

- Cloud and Local Support

Microsoft Word offers a local version of the software that you can access on your computer and
a version you can access through your web browser. In the past, Word was only available as a
program you install locally on your computer.

With either version of Word in Office 365 or Microsoft Office 2016, you can save files locally or
to a Microsoft-hosted cloud system where they can be accessed from any location.

- Built-in Collaboration

Modern versions of Microsoft Word allow multiple people to edit the same document. This is an
improvement on previous editions and some competing products, which require people to edit
documents one at a time and email or otherwise share changed versions for review and further
editing. In older versions of Word, collaboration tools are limited.

2. WordPerfect - is a word processing application from Corel Corp. WordPerfect was

popular in the early 1990s. It is best for writing simple essays and articles. Though it isn't used as
much today, WordPerfect is compatible with Microsoft Word, meaning that you can open and
edit WordPerfect files in the Word program, then save them as WordPerfect files
again. WordPerfect also can be used for formatting and laying out documents.


1991 WordPerfect 5.1 for Windows

1992 WordPerfect 5.2 for Windows
1993 WordPerfect 6.0 for Windows
1996 WordPerfect 7.0 for Windows 1
1997 WordPerfect 8.0 for Windows
1999 WordPerfect 9.0 for Windows (WordPerfect Office 2000)
2001 WordPerfect 10.0 for Windows (WordPerfect Office 2002)
2003 WordPerfect 11.0 for Windows (WordPerfect Office 2003)
2004 WordPerfect 12.0 for Windows (WordPerfect Office 12)
2005 WordPerfect X3 for Windows (WordPerfect Office X3) (X3 = version 13)
2008 WordPerfect X4 for Windows (WordPerfect Office X4) (X4 = version 14)
2010 WordPerfect X5 for Windows (WordPerfect Office X5) (X5 = version 15)
2012 WordPerfect X6 for Windows (WordPerfect Office X6) (X6 = version 16)
2014 WordPerfect X7 for Windows (WordPerfect Office X7) (X7 = version 17)
2016 WordPerfect X8 for Windows (WordPerfect Office X8) (X8 = version 18)
2018 WordPerfect X9 for Windows (WordPerfect Office X9) (X9 = version 19)


WordPerfect uses the file extension .wpd. The program was recognized for three major

1. Streaming code architecture

2. Reveal code feature
3. A user-friendly macro/scripting language called Perfect Script

The streaming code architecture parallels the formatting features of HTML and cascading style
sheets. The documents are created in the same way as HTML pages are written. The text is
interspersed by codes that handle data until a closing tag is encountered. Tags can be nested, and
a few data structures within the stream are also treated as objects. The data and formatting codes
of a WordPerfect document appear as a single continuous stream.

The reveal-code editing screen can be toggled open and closed at the bottom of the main editing
screen. Texts are presented interspersed with codes, while objects are represented by named

WordPerfect with DOS was well known for its "Alt" keystroke facility, which was expanded by
adding macro libraries. This allowed any sequence of keystrokes to be recorded, edited and
saved. The macros were capable of making decisions, examining system data, chaining and
operating recursively until a stop condition was encountered.


1. Changing the magnification level

2. Creating custom toolbars
3. Assigning shortcut keys
4. Using QuickWords™

3. Lotus Word Pro - if you are using Lotus Notes or Lotus 1-2-3--common in corporate
environments--Lotus Word Pro is an ideal program for word processing needs. This
program works in concert with Lotus applications to allow us to create and distribute
formatted text documents. It is produced and distributed by IBM Corp. Lotus Word Pro is
also compatible with Microsoft Word and ideal for writing reports, memos and proposals.


 1997: Word Pro 96 Edition for OS/2 Warp

 Last OS/2 version is a part of the Lotus Smartsuite 1.7.3 package and was not supplied
separately. Any 1.7.x version can be updated into 1.7.3 via free fixpacks. Note that OS/2 and
Windows version numbers are not in sync, 1.7.x versions of the OS/2 product share a
codebase with the 9.8.x version for MS Windows.
Windows 3.x (Win-OS/2)

 1996: Word Pro 96 - shipped as part of Lotus Smartsuite 4.0

 1997: Word Pro 97 - shipped as part of Lotus Smartsuite 4.5
Windows 32

 1996: Word Pro 96

 1997: Word Pro 97
 1999: WordPro 9.5
 Last MS Windows 32 bit versions: As part of IBM Smartsuite 9.8.61 for English language
Passport Advantage licence holders. 9.8.6 for International Passport Advantage licence
holders. 9.8.1 is the last GA version (No Passport Advantage licence needed). Strangely
enough, there are international versions of 9.8.61 available, but only for English language

Passport Advantage holders, in other words you can get the software currently in the
language versions below, but only if you agree to use only English ...
Known issues

 IBM states that Smartsuite and therefore Word Pro will not install and work on 64-
bit Microsoft Windows operating systems, this is only half true, the use of 16-bit installer
code means that the installer and some auxiliary programs supplied with the Lotus/IBM
Smartsuite will not install or run. However the bulk of the Smartsuite is actually 32-bit code
and will install and work on 64-bit systems if you get hold of a relatively recent IBM
branded version which uses a 32-bit installer.

NLP versions for OS/2 1.73 and Windows 9.8.61

 International English (USA, UK, Australia & South Africa)

 Spanish
 Swedish
 Brazilian Portuguese
 Dutch
 Finnish
 French
 German
 Danish
 Norwegian
 Italian


Lotus Notes is used with a variety of local and collaborative server applications, including email,
calendars, personal information managers (PIM) and the Web.


The Word Pro desktop consists in context-sensitive menus. This means that commands change as
the user works on different types of documents. For instance, if the “Create” command is used to
make a table, the menu bar shows a Table menu for working with tables. A “Modeless Bar” is
available for doing tasks like inserting index entries, checking the spelling, or merging a
document. The bar consists of the same components that make up a dialog box: text boxes,
command buttons, and text boxes.

Several other features make the program an efficient word processor. Moving text can be done
more directly than cutting and pasting. Word Pro provides a special hand “icon” for performing
this. There is a SmartFill module that allows for speeding up data entry in documents and tables.
It automatically fills in routine information like times, dates, or sequential numbers. The Fast
Format function quickly duplicates a format as the user selects text with the format he wants to

b) Video Editing -
1. iMOVIE - iMovie is a video editing software application sold by Apple Inc. for the
Mac and iOS (iPhone, iPad, and iPad Mini). It was originally released in 1999. Starting in
2003, iMovie is included free with all new Mac computers. iMovie imports video footage
to the Mac. From there, iMovie allows the user to edit photo and video clips. Users can
add titles, themes, music, and effects. iMovie allows the average person to create
professional quality videos at home or work.

Version Dates Availability System Notes

iMovie June 22, App Store iOS 4.0 Initial release for iPhone 4
for iOS 2010 or later

iMovie Improves reliability of exports with photos,

July 6, iOS 4.0
for iOS App Store resolves music playback issues and improves
2010 or later
1.0.1 general performance and relaibility

iMovie September App Store iOS 4.1 Added support for iPod Touch (4th generation)
for iOS 8, 2010 or later

iMovie March 10, App Store iOS 4.3 Added support for iPad 2, and later iPhone 4S
for iOS 2011 or later

iMovie Improves support for Apple Digital AV

June 1, iOS 4.3
for iOS App Store Adapter, various performance and relaibility
2011 or later
1.2.1 improvements.

October iOS 5.0 Improves support for importing videos from
for iOS App Store
12, 2011 or later external cameras

iMovie March 7, App Store iOS 5.1 Added support for iPad (3rd generation)
for iOS 2012 or later
1.3 rreatemovie trailters and import songs from

May 1, iOS 5.1 Adds ability to access help while editing a
for iOS App Store
2012 or later project

iMovie September App Store iOS 6.0 Added support for iPhone 5, iPod Touch (5th
for iOS 19, 2012 or later generation), iPad (4th generation) and iPad
1.4 Mini

February iOS 6.0
for iOS App Store Improves reliability and stability
13, 2013 or later

September iOS 6.0
for iOS App Store Fixes compatibility issues
3, 2013 or later

iMovie October App Store iOS 7.0 Added support for iPhone 5C, iPhone 5S, iPad
for iOS 22, 2013 or later Air and iPad Mini 2

iMovie September App Store iOS 8.0 Added support for iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus,
for iOS 17, 2014 or later iPad Air 2 and iPad Mini 3

November iOS 8.0 Added support for iCloud Photo Library and
for iOS App Store
6, 2014 or later iCloud Photo Sharing

April 30, iOS 8.0
for iOS App Store Fixes YouTube sharing compatibility
2015 or later

September iOS 9.0 Added 4K support on iPhone 6s, 6s Plus, iPad
for iOS App Store
16, 2015 or later Pro

October iOS 9.1
for iOS App Store Added 4K support on iPad Air 2
22, 2015 or later

April 20, iOS 9.2
for iOS App Store Fixes stability issues
2016 or later

iMovie Added the ability to start a project with

July 28, iOS 9.3
for iOS App Store multiple clips, share to Facebook and Vimeo,
2016 or later
2.2.3 and support for Shared iPad

September iOS 10.3
for iOS App Store Fixes YouTube sharing compatibility
5, 2017 or later

iMovie April 12, App Store iOS 11.2 Add support for Super Retina display on

for iOS 2018 or later iPhone X and Metal for graphics processing

iMovie Add support external display to preview while

November iOS 11.4
for iOS App Store editing on iPhone 7 or later and iPad (6th
7, 2018 or later
2.2.6 generation), iPad Pro (2017) or later

Adds support green-screen effects, ClassKit,

June 11, iOS 11.4 removes the ability to share to iMovie Theater
for iOS App Store
2019 or later with similar functionality being supported
through iCloud Photos[4]


To launch iMovie, click the iMovie icon in the Dock. (It looks like a star from the
Hollywood Walk of Fame.) You can also run Launchpad and click the iMovie icon there.


 Automated video editing

 Audio & music editing

 HD & 4K video support

 Video color settings

 Crop & rotate video clip

 Stabilization

 Video effects & transitions

 Video speed change (speed up/slow down)

 Clip browser

 Timeline

 Photo & music import

 Pre-built themes & backdrops

 Real-time titling

 Open multiple projects simultaneously

2. Windows Movie Maker - (known as Windows Live Movie Maker for the 2009 and
2011 releases) is a discontinued video editing software by Microsoft. It was part of Windows
Essentials software suite and offered the ability to create and edit videos as well as to publish
them on OneDrive, Facebook, Vimeo, YouTube, and Flickr.

Movie Maker was officially discontinued on January 10, 2017 and it is replaced by Video
Editor (formerly Microsoft Story Remix) which is built in with Microsoft Photos in Windows 10.


The first release of Windows Movie Maker was included with Windows Me on September 14,
Version 1.1 was included in Windows XP a year later, and included support for creating DV
AVI and WMV 8 files. Version 2.0 was released as a free update in November 2002, and added
a number of new features. Version 2.1, a minor update, is included in Windows XP Service Pack
2. The Movie Maker in Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 had more transitions and
support for DVD burning.


Windows Movie Maker was designed to be easy to use even if you don’t have any experience
with video editing. The program includes a task pane that guides you step-by-step through the
three steps involved in creating a movie:

1. Capturing video from your camera or importing it from a hard drive or other storage

2. Assembling the video clips and other resources into a movie using the Timeline or

3. Exporting the finished movie into a format that can be shared with other people.


Title Customization Tool

 Credit Customization Tool
 Auto Movie Options
 Timeline Narration
 Special Effects Options
 Transition Overlays
 Extensive Audio Track Selection

3. Final Cut Pro - is a series of non-linear video editing software programs first
developed by Macromedia Inc. and later Apple Inc. The most recent version, Final Cut Pro X
10.4.7, runs on Intel-based Mac computers powered by macOS Mojave 10.14.6 or later. The
software allows users to log and transfer video onto a hard drive (internal or external), where it
can be edited, processed, and output to a wide variety of formats. The fully rewritten Final Cut
Pro X was introduced by Apple in 2011, with the last version of the legacy Final Cut Pro being
version 7.0.3.

Version Date Significant Changes

 All new application with redesigned GUI

 64 Bit Support
 An advanced searchable database called the Event Browser that
uses Keyword Ranges and Smart Collections for clip sorting.
 New Magnetic Timeline that abandoned traditional track based
NLE paradigms
10.0.0[2] June 21, 2011
 Live Skimmer
 Filmstrip Thumbnail View
 Advanced Metadata Views in Clip Info Inspector
 New Color Board Interface for Color Correction
 ColorSync with the AV Foundation for accurate color
 Audio Roles for audio and video stem exports
September 9,  XML import and export
10.0.1 2011  Xsan support
 Custom start Timecode for Projects
 Performance Enhancements and Bug Fixes
November 16,
10.0.2 2011  Bug Fixes.

 Multicam Clips, automatic sync, mixed formats and frame rates,

up to 64 angles, and new Angle Editor interface
January 31,  Media Relinking
2012  Layered Photoshop Documents support
 Beta Broadcast Monitor Support
 XML 1.1
 Performance Enhancements and Bug Fixes
April 10,
10.0.4 2012  Performance Enhancements

10.0.5 June 11, 2012  Bug Fixes

 Multichannel Audio Editing in the Timeline

 Unified Import Window. Export Selected Ranges
 Native Redcode Raw Support
 MFX support through 3rd party plugin
 Dual Viewers with Scopes
 Chapter Markers for video file, DVD, and Blu-ray disc exports
October 23,  Range selections preserved with clips in the Event Browser
10.0.6 2012  Paste Attributes option for choosing specific effects to copy
between clips
 Drop shadow effect
 Compound Clips saved in the timeline save in the Event Browser
to be reused in other Projects
 XML 1.2
 Blade All Command
 Performance Enhancements

December 6,
10.0.7 2012  Bug Fixes

March 26,  Sony XAVC codec support

10.0.8 2013  Arri Alexa Log C to Rec 709 LUT
 Bug Fixes and Performance Enhancements.

10.0.9 July 30, 2013  Bug Fixes

 Event and Project Libraries now merged into new Library model
 Support for Dual GPUs in Mac Pro
 New 4K title, transition, and generators content
 External or Internal Media Management options for Libraries
December 19,  Project Snapshots for versioning. Custom Project Frame Sizes
10.1.0 2013  Native support for .MTS and .MT2S AVCHD files
 Used media indicators
 API for third parties to create custom Share options
 4K video Sharing to YouTube
 Performance Enhancements
January 16,
10.1.1 2014  Bug Fixes and Performance Enhancements

 Improved Media Management for Libraries

 Used Media ranges apply to Compound, Multicam, and Synched
June 27, 2014  Apply LUT corrections to view Log footage from Arri,
Blackmagic, Canon and Sony Cameras in Rec. 709 colorspace
 XML Library Export
 Automatically create Keywords on Import from Finder Tags
 4K video sharing to Vimeo
August 19,
10.1.3 2014  Bug Fixes

November 25,  Native support for MXF

10.1.4 2014  Panasonic AVC-LongG codec support
 Bug Fixes
 3D Titles
 Simultaneously display up to 4 Video Scopes
 Keying and Shape Masks can be applied to any effect
April 13,  Color Board now merged with new Color Correction effect
10.2.0[5] 2015  Support for Panasonic AVC-Ultra, Sony XAVC S, JVC Long
GOP codecs
 GPU-accelerated RED RAW Processing
 Smart Collections at the Library Level
 XML 1.5

10.2.1 May 14, 2015  Bug Fixes

 Sony XAVC-L, Canon XF-AVC 8-bit, and Panasonic AVC-Intra

September 4, 4:4:4 codec support
10.2.2 2015  Export Interlaced H.264
 Library Backup on Asset Management Systems

 Bug Fixes
 Customizable Default Effect
 4K Export Preset for Apple Devices
February 4,  Performance Enhancement for SANs
10.2.3 2016  Support for XF-AVC codecs
 Sharing to Multiple YouTube Accounts
 Bug Fixes
 Will not run on macOS High Sierra 10.13 or newer.
 Interface Improvements
October 27,  Magnetic Timeline 2
10.3 2016  Wide Color
 Support for the Touch Bar on MacBook Pro
 More Video Formats
 Import and Edit 360°/VR equirectangular video
December 14,  Color correction redesign
10.4 2017  Support for 8K projects and videos
 HEVC support
 HDR support
April 15,  Support for embedded Closed Captioning
10.4.1 2018  Support for ProRes RAW
 Bug Fixes
10.4.2  Bug fixes
 Support for Pro-Res RAW files
 Bug fixes
 Workflow extensions
 Batch sharing
 Video noise reduction
 Timecode window
November 15,
 Comparison viewer
10.4.4 2018  Tiny planet
 Captions, timeline drag, comic-ization, new 360° transitions
 Improvements to 360° video, audio, closed captions, color
correction, Effects, Multicam, Roles, Timeline, Titles
 Requires macOS High Sierra or later
January 17,
10.4.5 • Improvements to performance and stability

March 21,  Detects and offers the option to convert media files incompatible
10.4.6 with future macOS versions - those after Mojave 10.14[23]
 Bug fixes
 New Metal-based processing engine for faster rendering,
compositing and exporting.
 Better multiple GPU compatibility
October 7,  New color tools
10.4.7 2019  View HDR content tone-mapped to look correct on SDR displays
if running macOS Catalina
 Bug fixes
 Requires macOS Mojave or later


Final Cut Pro X is a revolutionary app for creating, editing, and producing the highest-
quality video. Final Cut Pro combines high-performance digital editing and native
support for virtually any video format with easy-to-use and time-saving features that let
you focus on storytelling.


 Moving & Trimming Clips

 Multicam Editing

 Effects

 360 Degree VR Editing

 VR Headset Playback

 Advanced Color Grading

 Presets

 HDR Video Support

 Motion Graphics Templates

 Asset Management

 Plug-Ins

c.) Sound/Audio Remixing -

1. Audio Cutter Pro - is a great application that creates ringtone, alarms, and notifications
from MP3, WAV, AAC/MP4, 3GPP/AMR Audio formats.
Make unlimited free ringtones with the music on your Android device, or record new
ones on the fly. It is a free trial software application from the Video Tools subcategory,
part of the Audio & Multimedia category. The application is currently available in
English and it was last updated on 2015-11-10. The program can be installed on Android.


Ultimate Audio Cutter PRO (version 1.0)


It’s a free online application that can be used to edit multiple audio fragments
simultaneously. The app features waveform zooming.


★ 100% FREE from ads

★ Supports MP3, WAV, AAC, AMR and most other music formats.
★ Record an audio/music for editing.
★ Easy to preview and play all the output ringtone list.
★ Free to manage your ringtone files. Delete, Edit, set as Ringtone/Alarm/Notification Tone.
★ View a scrollable waveform representation of the audio file at 4 zoom levels.
★ Set start & end for the audio clip, using an optional touch interface.
★ Tap anywhere on the wave & the built-in Music player starts playing at that position.
★ Option to name the new cut clip while saving it as Ringtone/Music/Alarm/Notification Tone.
★ Set the new clip as default ringtone or assign ringtone to contacts, using this ringtone editor.
★ Share your audio files

2. Audio MP3 Cutter Mix Converter and Ringtone Maker - The most powerful and
complete Audio Editor! It has all the features you would ever want in an Audio
Editor!! Trim Audio – MP3 Cutter for Ringtones, Merge two or more audio files, Mix
Audio Clips, Change Metadata fields like Art Cover, Music Album name etc, Convert
from one format to another - MP3, AAC, WAV … and the list of app features goes on!!


v1.85: Few Improvements
v1.53: Improved Mix Audio
v1.51: Improved Player
v1.50: Support for Dutch
v1.49: Support for Polish
v1.43: Added More Edit Options: Cut, Copy Paste.


This app is listed in Music and Audio category of app store. You could visit AppCloud
Technologies’ website to know more about the company/developer who developed this.
It can be downloaded and installed on android devices.


➜ MP3 Cutter: Select the best part from the Song then trim and cut the desired part of
the song for using in Ringtone, Notification tones, Alarm tones. Inbuilt player for easy
selection of ringtone cutter start location, end cut location and waveform support. Mp3
cutter supports cutting of MP3, AAC, WAV, M4A, AMR etc.
➜ Easily choose the Songs, other audio files from the list. You can search the list of
songs. Also Music, Ringtones, Notifications, Alarms are marked separately so that one
can choose easily. Also songs are listed alphabetically, so that one can choose by just
browsing as well.
➜ Ringtone Setting: Set Trimmed audio as Ringtone, Notification Tone, Alarm Tone.
Apart from default ringtone maker, you can also use ringtone cutter for a particular

➜ Audio Mixing Tool: Mix Audio of two songs to create remixes. Same or any format
songs can be remixed. You can also choose the Volume, for instance you can keep one
song at low volume and another at high volume in your mashups.
➜ Merge Audio: Merge two or more Audio Clips. You can merge any number of Audio
clips and make a unique tone with ringtone cutter. Merging of different formats is
possible for eg. One MP3 file and another WAV music. . It also supports Fade In/ Fade
Out support thus giving a professional output.
➜ Metadata Editor: You can change a number of metadata tags of a Song like – Song
Title tag, Cover Art, Music Album name, Singer Name/ Artist, Genre, Composer, Year,
Track number and more. This gives you enhanced control and professional audio editor
features with mp3 cutter. You can choose a photo from your gallery for using in art cover
in the tag editor.
➜ MP3 Converter: Easily convert from one format to another. Supports a large number
of formats like - MP3, AAC, WAV, M4A encoder etc. You can also choose the sample
rate like 32 Kb, 64, 128, 192 etc in mp3 converter.
➜ Supports large number of formats in all the features - MP3 Cutter, Merge, Metadata
Song Editor etc.
➜ Easily access your music creations. Music output list is well organized, stored in
different tabs like Trimmed Audio has the cut mp3 files, Merged files, Metadata change
files & Format Converter files. You can browse your music and search. You can play a
particular file, set as default ringtone. You can also use ringtone cutter for a particular
➜ Share your creations with the world! Share on Faceboook, Whatsapp, email and more.
➜ Mp3 Player: Inbuilt Mp3 player in the app.
➜ Recorder for recording your voice and music. Use these recordings in ringtone maker,
remixes etc. .
➜ Super Fast processing & rendering!
➜ Intuitive & Modern UI

3. Adobe Audition - formerly Cool Edit Pro, is a digital audio workstation from Adobe
Systems featuring both a multitrack, non-destructive mix/edit environment and a
destructive-approach waveform editing view. Audition began life as Cool Edit Pro.
Adobe acquired Cool Edit Pro 2.0 from Syntrillium Software in May 2003 and released
the first version of Audition in August 2003. This first version was essentially Cool Edit
Pro repackaged — the first major changes came with version 1.5 in May 2004. Version
1.5 added features such as pitch correction, frequency space editing, CD project view and
basic compatibility with video editing.


1.1Version 1
1.2Version 2
1.3Version 3
1.4Version 4 (CS5.5)
1.5Version 5 (CS6)
1.6Version 6 (CC)

1.7Version 7 (CC 2014)

1.8Version 8 (CC 2015)
1.9Version 9 (CC 2015.2)
1.10Version 10 (CC 2017)
1.11Version 11 (CC 2018)
1.12Version 12 (CC 2019)


Adobe Audition is a professional audio editing application that includes a non-destructive mixing
and editing environment, as well as a destructive waveform editing mode.

Adobe Audition can be used for:

 Recording and mixing sound projects

 Creating original or remixed music
 Producing radio spots
 Cleaning up audio from video tracks
 Compiling and editing video/movie soundtracks

d.) Image Manipulation –

1. Fotor - Founded in 2012, Fotor Photo Editor can be used online or downloaded
as a free mobile and computer application compatible with Windows, Android,
and Apple. It is used to adjust and alter images, both photographic and non-
photographic. As of 2014, the apps were supported in fourteen languages.



Current Version 3.4.1

What's New

 Optimization of performance, increasing speed, stability and compatibility to some device.

 Added vertical distort, horizontal distort, and lens distort functions in the crop module.
 Added texture function, photos can be added with different textures.
 Added image noise reduction function to remove noise in high ISO photos and photos in low-
 Added HSL function to adjust specific colors in photos.
 Portraits Touch Up:

With Smoothing, Wrinkle Remover, Blemish Fix, Reshape, Clone and Red-Eye Remover tools,
you can easily touch up your portraits in any number of ways.
Using a range of portrait make up tools, Eye Tint, Eye Shadow, Eye Liner, Mascara, Eyebrow
Pencil, Blush, Lip Tint, and Teeth Whitening features, you will be screaming with joy about
these incredibly sophisticated effects.

 Enhanced the vignette function, and added adjustments of vignette size, roundness, and feather.
 Increased the resolution of histogram to optimized its display effect.

 With Fotor Pro, at Fotor Online and Fotor for Windows, you will experience a seamless cross-
platform experience.


Version 3.1.1

What's New

 New feature allowing to create a collage with custom aspect ratio;

 New packs of special effects / filters: Disposable, Cinematic, Serenity and Mono;
 New content for collage: textures, backgrounds and borders;
 Optimized algorithm for Tilt-Shift;
 Enhanced support for more RAW formats;
 Fixing some bugs in previous version;
 Language supported inside the app: English and Chinese (new).


Version 2.0.3

What's New
 Fix a couple of bugs that impact the function of sharing edited photos to main social platforms


Version 2.0.2

What's New

 Updated 1-Tap Enhance algorithm

 Bug fixes


Version 2.0.0
What's New

 Powerful Batch Processing - Save your time to quickly edit multiple photos
 New Useful Functions - Highlights, shadow and curves adjustments
 More Better Choices - More filters, special effects, borders, patterns and freestyle collage
 Improved Features - Added EXIF information when sharing photo to Flickr
 Better User Interface - Fotor Photo Editor is more fun and much easier to use
 Bug fixes


Version 1.3.0

What's New

 New flexible text editing tool

 New Red-eye removal
 Bug fixes


Version 1.2.0

What's New

 Prepare for liftoff with more navigation options and a smoother interface.
 Added shortcuts to help you crop like a ninja in no time.
 Improved color management to ensure accurate color and quality
 Optimized tilt-shift feathering for a more gradual transition into the effect
 Other bug fixes.


Version 1.1.0

What's New

 New dynamic collage options

 New file saving options (resize, JPEG quality control etc)
 Print photos
 Fixed various bug fixes


Fotor is a browser-based option that offers editing and beauty retouching. Its High Dynamic
Range feature can be particularly useful: You can take three photos with different exposures to
combine them into a single image, with the best light and tone from each of the separate photos.
It’s one of the best free photo editors out there, and you can also go pro for added features for a
small monthly fee.


 Basic Edit Adjustment

 Basic Effects

 Basic Portrait Touch-Up

 Classic Content

 Basic HDR Tech

 Exclusive 100+ photo effects

 Advanced Beauty features

 30+ stylized photo frames


 300+ custom designed stickers

 Artistically designed backgrounds and textures

 80+ exquisite collage templates

 1000+ design templates dimensions

 Regularly Updated New Content

 Advanced HDR Tech

2. Adobe Lightroom - (officially Adobe Photoshop Lightroom) is a family of image
organization and image manipulation software developed by Adobe
Systems for Windows, macOS, iOS, Android, and tvOS (Apple TV). It allows importing/saving,
viewing, organizing, tagging, editing, and sharing large numbers of digital images.[5] Unlike
Photoshop, Lightroom's edits are always non-destructive by keeping the original image and the
edits applied to it saved separately. Despite sharing its name with Adobe Photoshop, it cannot
perform many Photoshop functions such as doctoring (adding, removing or altering the
appearance of individual image items), rendering text or 3D objects on images, or modifying
individual video frames. Lightroom is not a file manager like Adobe Bridge. It cannot operate on
files unless they are imported into its database first, and only in recognized image formats.


1.2Version 1.0
1.3Version 2.0
1.4Version 3.0
1.5Version 4.0
1.6Version 5.0
1.7Version 6.0
1.8Apple TV


Elements offer huge functionality in editing photos one-by-one. Lightroom focuses on editing in
batches. So it retains many of the features you’d find in Elements, but is especially valuable for
organizing and editing a large number of pictures.


1. Create Presets To Save Time And Develop Style

Presets allow you to easily save configurations of the adjustment sliders in the Develop module.
You can then apply the effect to other photos with just one click! This can save you mega time
with your processing. Did you spend a lot of time perfecting a black & white? Save it as a preset
to be used on another image! You can create a wide variety of presets to save time and quickly
experiment with different looks.

2. Batch process images using the Quick Develop panel

Using the Quick Develop panel you can batch process and apply presets to multiple images at
once. Have a group of images that are all over exposed? Select them all and correct
them simultaneously.

Also, by roughly batch processing your images using the Quick Develop panel, you can save
time later when you’re fine tuning them in the Develop module. Who doesn’t like saving time?

3. Intuitive User Interface

It’s super easy to move from photo to photo in the Develop module, as well as view contact
sheets in the Library grid view.

When you’re working on a photo in the Develop module all the adjustments are laid out
logically, so you can efficiently move through a lot of adjustments on one image.

4. Easily transfer adjustment settings from one image to another

If you’ve spent some time adjusting one image and the next image is similar you can transfer the
settings from the original image with a single click! Just click the “Previous” button in the
Develop module and it’s done. This one feature alone allows you to cruise through groups of
images effortlessly. You can also copy settings to multiple images at once for extra power.

5. Non-destructive editing protects your originals

You never have to worry that you’re damaging the original file. When you make adjustments to
an image Lightroom basically creates a set of instructions. They’re stored in the catalog file, and
show how the image should be saved on export. These instructions can be automatically
embedded in DNG files. With RAW, JPEG and TIFF images an XMP sidecar file can be created
that stores those instructions right beside the original image.

Long story short, Lightroom protects your original files. You can edit fearlessly, knowing you
can always go back to a perfect quality original.

6. Powerful RAW file editor

Lightroom is a fantastic RAW file editor. The RAW format is the highest quality setting on most
dSLR cameras, and with Lightroom you can really take advantage of that.

When shooting in the RAW format it’s easy to correct exposure and white balance in
Lightroom. When shooting in the JPEG format, exposure and white balance can be difficult to
adjust, especially without loss of quality.

Because of the high quality of RAW files, you’re also able to perform adjustments like
conversion to black and white, adding custom colour toning effects, and fine tuning brightness
and contrast with little resulting loss of quality.

7. Easy to crop images

With Lightroom’s Crop tool it’s super easy to creatively crop photos to any aspect
ratio. Straightening your photos is also a snap with the straighten tool. You can click and drag
along any vertical or horizontal line and your image will automatically be rotated and cropped.

It seems like such a simple thing, but you’ll find that you use the straighten tool a LOT.

8. Creative Adjustment tools

Graduated filter – Introduce gradient-type effects to your image. Darkening skies is easy and
natural looking!

Adjustment brush – Using Lightroom you can paint on adjustments to specific parts of your
image. This means it’s easy to dodge and burn, sharpen or soften, or apply brightnness, contrast,
and other adjustments to specific parts of your image.

Post-crop vignette – Produce natural looking vignettes to help draw your viewers eye towards the
centre of the image. You can also use Lightroom to remove vignettes created by the lens.

3. Afterlight - (previously known as Afterglow) is an image

editing app for Android, iOS and Windows Phone devices.
Similar with most image-editing apps, Afterlight allows the user to take a photo or load one from
the previously taken photos. After loading a photo, the user has various buttons to edit a photo.
The buttons are Undo, Adjustments, Filters, Film, Modify and Frame.[1] Additional tools are
available with in-app purchases.

Current Version


Afterlight is the perfect image editing app for quick and straight forward editing. Our
simple design, paired with powerful and snappy tools, will give you the look you want in


Use any of our 15 uniquely made adjustment tools to enhance your images to perfection with

Afterlight has 27 fully adjustable Original Filters, 14 Guest Filters by various Instagram users,
and the new Seasons filter pack including 18 filters.

Afterlight includes a range of real and natural light leaks we created with 35mm film and instant
film, to simplistic scratchy film textures.


Crop your photos with our quick and easy cropping tool with 15 different presets.
Transform your photos with our rotating tool, vertical and horizontal flipping tools, and

We provide a list of 77 different simplistic and adjustable frames, paired perfectly with
Instagram. Now including the new Wallpaper Pack.

d.) Animation Development –

1. PicsArt Animator - Named “Most Entertaining” in Google Play’s Best Apps of 2017, it’s
an animation creator and cartoon maker that’s simple to use and delivers maximum
functionality. Make cartoon videos, animated GIFs and funny doodles in a few simple

steps — no advanced skills required! Just doodle, have fun and amaze your friends.




PicsArt Animator is jam-packed with animation features like duplicate frames, layers, fully
equipped drawing tools, animated stickers, Emoji Me features, and much more!


• Use animated stickers and add customized movement

• Draw frame-by-frame animations
• Use animation timeline to scroll through frames
• Duplicate, insert, delete frames
• Draw on your photos and make animated selfies
• Draw with advanced drawing and sketching tools
• Use multiple layers for complex animations
• Control animation length and speed
• Save animations as video or GIF and share to social networks like YouTube, Facebook and
• Record sounds and voiceovers for your animations
• Make your own personal emojis with Emoji Me feature

2. Stop Motion Studio - is an animated filmmaking technique in which objects are

physically manipulated in small increments between individually photographed frames so
that they will appear to exhibit independent motion when the series of frames is played
back as a slow sequence. Objects with movable joints or clay figures are often used in
stop motion for their ease of repositioning. Stop-motion animation using plasticine
figures is called clay animation or "clay-mation". Not all stop motion, however, requires

figures or models: stop-motion films can also be made using humans, household
appliances, and other objects, usually for comedic effect. Stop motion using humans is
sometimes referred to as pixilation.


Current Version


Stop Motion Studio is a powerful, full-featured movie editor with a whole host of
features. It's simple to use, deceptively powerful and insanely fun to play with.

• A simplistic, easy-to-use interface

• Overlay mode showing the differences between frames
• Grid mode to position animated objects more easily
• Copy, paste, cut, and insert frames at any position
• Movie editor with frame-by-frame preview
• Timeline so you never get lost, even if you have hundreds of frames


Create beautiful movies:

• Choose from a whole lot of unique titles, credits, and text cards or create your very own
with the built-in editor
• Give your movie the perfect look with different video filters
• Enhance your movie with different foregrounds, backgrounds, aspect ratios, and fade
• Create a soundtrack using built-in music, and sound effects, songs from your music
library, and your own narration
• Rotoscoping: Import video clips and create stunning animations by painting over it.
• Green Screen: Change the background of your scene to make the figures you capture fly
or appear anywhere you can imagine.
• Connect a keyboard and use simple shortcuts to edit movies quickly

Capture like a pro:

• Capture with an adjustable time interval feature
• Full camera control with automatic or manual white balance, focus and exposure
• Use a second device as a remote camera
• Use your headphones as a remote shutter release

Powerful, built-in layer-based image editor:

• Add text and speech bubbles or create titles
• Add facial expressions
• Touch up and enhance images, sketch, and paint
• Wipe away unwanted objects with the eraser tool
• Merge frames together to simulate fast movement

Share with friends and family:

• Save to your device or share to YouTube in 4K or 1080p
• Save as animated GIF
• Save all images
• Easily transfer projects between devices using Google Drive or Dropbox
• Start creating on your mobile device and continue right where you left off on your Mac
Publish movies on Stop Motion TV for everyone to see

3. Animoto - is a cloud-based video creation service that produces video from photos,
video clips, and music into video slideshows and customized web-based presentations. It
is considered one of the scalable web applications that were developed from the early
phases of cloud computing by companies with limited IT infrastructure. It is available in
both online and mobile platforms and offered for free and paid upgraded accounts.




Make fun videos wherever you are, with photos and video clips from your phone or tablet.
Choose from one of our sleek video styles, add a song, and you’re done! Share via email,
Twitter, or Facebook and impress the socks off your friends and family.



• Create videos using photos and video clips from your device's Gallery


• Over 50 different video styles to choose from
• Hundreds of songs in our built-in music library
• Captions for photos, video clip trimmer, and intro/outro cards


• Easy sharing via Messages, email, Twitter, and Facebook

• Create longer videos
• Add longer video clips


1. Define at least ten (10) Linux distribution Operating System and explain their history and
versions released.
1.) Fedora - has been a commercial product since 2003. It is the free version of Red Hat,
whose RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux). Fedora is particularly strong on enterprise
features, and it often offers them before RHEL does. It is also offers a six-month release
schedule, and its security features are excellent.

Fedora 30
Fedora 29
Fedora 28
Fedora 27
Fedora 26
Fedora 25
Fedora 24
Fedora 23
Fedora 22
Fedora 21
Fedora 20
Fedora 19
Fedora 18
Fedora 17
Fedora 16
Fedora 15
Fedora 14
Fedora 13
Fedora 12
Fedora 11
Fedora 10
Fedora 9
Fedora 8
Fedora 7
Fedora Core 5–6
Fedora Core 1–4

2.) Ubuntu – it becomes the poster child for Linux these days, and it is the most popular
distro by far, garnering more than 2,200 hits per day on the Distrowatch site alone. Been
announced in just 2004 and it is actually late arrival on the Linux scene. It is founded by
South African millionaire which is Mark Shuttleworth, Canonical is the company behind
Ubuntu. For many years shipped Ubuntu CDs to interested users for free, thus speeding
its market penetration. It is based on Debian and includes well-known apps such
as Firefox and It has a predictable, six-month release schedule, with

occasional Long Term Support (LTS) versions that are supported with security updates
for three to five years. Ubuntu is also notable for its ease of use and its inclusion of a
migration assistant for Windows users and support for the latest technologies. Version
10.10 of Ubuntu--also known as Maverick Meerkat--will include a multitouch and
gesture stack.



Eoan Release October 17,

Ubuntu 19.10 July, 2020 July, 2020
Ermine Notes 2019
Disco Release January,
Ubuntu 19.04 April 18, 2019 January, 2020
Dingo Notes 2020
Ubuntu 18.04.3 Bionic August 8,
Changes April 2023 April 2028
LTS Beaver 2019
Ubuntu 18.04.2 Bionic February 15,
Changes April 2023 April 2028
LTS Beaver 2019
Ubuntu 18.04.1 Bionic
Changes July 26, 2018 April 2023 April 2028
LTS Beaver
Bionic Release
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS April 26, 2018 April 2023 April 2028
Beaver Notes
Ubuntu 16.04.6 Xenial February 28,
Changes April 2021 April 2024
LTS Xerus 2019
Ubuntu 16.04.5 Xenial August 2,
Changes April 2021 April 2024
LTS Xerus 2018
Ubuntu 16.04.4 Xenial
Changes March 1, 2018 April 2021 April 2024
LTS Xerus
Ubuntu 16.04.3 Xenial August 3,
Changes April 2021 April 2024
LTS Xerus 2017
Ubuntu 16.04.2 Xenial February 16,
Changes April 2021 April 2024
LTS Xerus 2017
Ubuntu 16.04.1 Xenial
Changes July 21, 2016 April 2021 April 2024
LTS Xerus
Xenial Release
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS April 21, 2016 April 2021 April 2024
Xerus Notes
Ubuntu 14.04.6 Trusty
Changes March 7, 2019 April 2019 April 2022
LTS Tahr
Ubuntu 14.04.5 Trusty August 4,
Changes April 2019 April 2022
LTS Tahr 2016
Ubuntu 14.04.4 Trusty February 18, HWE August
Changes April 2022
LTS Tahr 2016 2016
Ubuntu 14.04.3 Trusty August 6, HWE August
Changes April 2022
LTS Tahr 2015 2016
Ubuntu 14.04.2 Trusty February 20, HWE August
Changes April 2022
LTS Tahr 2015 2016
Ubuntu 14.04.1 Trusty
Changes July 24, 2014 April 2019 April 2022
LTS Tahr
Trusty Release
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS April 17, 2014 April 2019 April 2022
Tahr Notes

3.) Linux Mint - currently in Distrowatch's third spot in popularity, launched in 2006, it is
an Ubuntu-based distro. The operating system adds to Ubuntu with its own, distinct
desktop theme and a different set of applications; also unique to the distro are a variety of
graphical tools for enhanced usability, such as mintDesktop for configuring the desktop
environment, mintInstall for easier software installation and mintMenu for easier
navigation. Mint is easy to use, so it's another good one for beginning users. It also
includes some proprietary multimedia codecs that are often absent from larger
distributions, thereby enhancing its hardware compatibility.

Long term support release (LTS), supported
19.2 Tina Ubuntu Bionic
until April 2023.
Long term support release (LTS), supported
19.1 Tessa Ubuntu Bionic
until April 2023.
Long term support release (LTS), supported
19 Tara Ubuntu Bionic
until April 2023.
Long term support release (LTS), supported
18.3 Sylvia Ubuntu Xenial
until April 2021.
Long term support release (LTS), supported
18.2 Sonya Ubuntu Xenial
until April 2021.
Long term support release (LTS), supported
18.1 Serena Ubuntu Xenial
until April 2021.
Long term support release (LTS), supported
18 Sarah Ubuntu Xenial
until April 2021.
3 Cindy Debian Stretch Long term support release (LTS).

4.) OpenSUSE – with some 1,200 hits per day on Distrowatch, openSUSE holds the No. 4
spot in popularity on the site and is also the foundation for Novell's SUSE Linux
Enterprise Desktop and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server products. YaST which is the
package’s administration utility is widely acknowledged as one of the best, and its boxed
edition comes with some of the best printed documentation you'll find for any distro.


1.110.x Series
1.211.x Series
1.312.x Series
1.413.x Series
1.5Leap 42 series
1.6Leap 15 series

5.) PCLinuxOS - The precursor to PCLinuxOS was a set of RPM packages created to
improve successive versions of Mandrake Linux (now Mandriva Linux). These packages

were created by Bill Reynolds, a packager better known as Texstar. From 2000 to 2003,
Texstar maintained his repository of RPM packages in parallel with the PCLinuxOnline
site. In an interview, Reynolds said he started PCLinuxOS "to provide an outlet for [his]
crazy desire to package source code without having to deal with egos, arrogance and


1.1PCLinuxOS 2007
1.2PCLinuxOS 2009
1.3PCLinuxOS 2010
1.4PCLinuxOS 2010.1
1.5PCLinuxOS 2011.6
1.6PCLinuxOS 2012
1.7PCLinuxOS 2013 64-bit
1.8PCLinuxOS 2014.7

6.) Debian - also known as Debian GNU/Linux, is a Linux distribution composed of free
and open-source software, developed by the community-supported Debian Project, which
was established by Ian Murdock on August 16, 1993. The first version, Debian 0.01, was
released on September 15, 1993,[6] and the first stable version, 1.1, was released on June
17, 1996.[7] The Debian Stable branch is the most popular edition for personal
computers and servers, and is the basis for many other distributions.

1.1Debian 1.1 (Buzz)
1.2Debian 1.2 (Rex)
1.3Debian 1.3 (Bo)
1.4Debian 2.0 (Hamm)
1.5Debian 2.1 (Slink)
1.6Debian 2.2 (Potato)
1.7Debian 3.0 (Woody)
1.8Debian 3.1 (Sarge)
1.9Debian 4.0 (Etch)
1.10Debian 5.0 (Lenny)
1.11Debian 6.0 (Squeeze)
1.12Debian 7 (Wheezy)
1.13Debian 8 (Jessie)
1.14Debian 9 (Stretch)
1.15Debian 10 (Buster)
1.16Debian 11 (Bullseye)
1.17Debian 12 (Bookworm)
7.) Mandriva - Mandriva was first made public by a French software
company MandrakeSoft. Its first release was based on Red Hat Linux 5.1 and was
released in July 1998. Mandriva Linux was originated by Gaël Duval, and intended to
focus on ease of use for new users.

Year Number Name

1998 5.1 Venice

1998 5.2 Leeloo

1999 5.3 Festen
1999 6.0 Venus
1999 6.1 Helios
2000 7.0 Air
2000 7.1 Helium
2000 7.2 Odyssey (called Ulysses during beta)
2001 8.0 Traktopel
2001 8.1 Vitamin
2002 8.2 Bluebird
2002 9.0 Dolphin
2003 9.1 Bamboo
2003 9.2 FiveStar
2004 10.0 Community and Official
2004 10.1 Community
2004 10.1 Official
2005 10.2 Limited Edition 2005
2005 2006.0 Mandriva Linux 2006
2006 2007 Mandriva Linux 2007
2007 2007.1 Mandriva Linux 2007 Spring
2007 2008.0 Mandriva Linux 2008
2008 2008.1 Mandriva Linux 2008 Spring
2008 2009.0 Mandriva Linux 2009
2009 2009.1 Mandriva Linux 2009 Spring
2009 2010.0 Mandriva Linux 2010
2010 2010.1 Mandriva Linux 2010 Spring
2010 2010.2 Mandriva Linux 2010.2
2011.0 2011.0 Hydrogen
2012.0 2012.0 Bernie Lomax

8.) Sabayon/Gentoo - is a Gentoo-based Italian Linux distribution created by Fabio

Erculiani and the Sabayon development team. Sabayon follows the "out of the box"
philosophy, aiming to give the user a wide number of applications ready to use and a self-
configured operating system.
Sabayon Linux features a rolling release cycle, its own software repository and a package
management system called Entropy. Sabayon is available in both x86 and AMD64 distributions
and there is support for ARMv7 in development for the BeagleBone.
It is named after an Italian dessert, zabaione, which is made from eggs. Sabayon's logo is an
impression of a chicken foot.

Version Desktop Environment Notes

1 July
3.0RC1b miniEdition

16 August Distribution name switch

2006 from RR4 to Sabayon

24 August
3.0 RC2 miniEdition

3.0 September

3.0 miniEdition September

4 October
3.05 miniEdition

3.1 October

9 October
3.1 miniEdition

3.2 November

3.2 miniEdition December

2 January

8 January

16 March

25 March
3.3 miniEdition

13 April
3.4 Loop 1

18 May
3.4 Loop 2

26 June
3.4 Loop 3

"Business 15 July
Edition" 2007

24 July

3.4 6 August
Revision E 2007

3.4 miniEdition September

3.4 7
Revision F September


1.1 Professional Edition October

First release including
3.5 Loop 1 December

17 March
3.5 Loop 2

15 May
3.5 Loop 3

1 July First stable release including

2008 entropy

11 July
Pod 3.5

3.5.1 November

4 Revision

4 January
4 LiteMCE

KDE and GNOME versions

13 April
4.1 GNOME split off. ISO size changes
from 4.7GB to 1.5-2GB.

29 April
4.1 KDE

30 June

6 July
4.2 KDE

25 July
coreCD 4.2

2 October

5.1 GNOME/KDE December


Special Christmas versions
5.1 x86 GAMING EDITION December
containing only games

26 March

5 June

18 June
5.3 SpinBase Replaces the CoreCD

18 June
5.3 CoreCDX CoreCD with X and Fluxbox

19 July First stable version featuring

5.3 LXDE/Xfce
2010 LXDE/Xfce

First stable version featuring

19 July
5.3 SpinBase/OpenVZ Templates ready to
use OpenVZ templates

5.4 GNOME/KDE September

27 January

23 June

7 GNOME/KDE/Xfce October

7 February

8 June

First stable version featuring
10 GNOME/KDE/Xfce/MATE September
a MATE edition

11 GNOME/KDE/Xfce/MATE February

30 April

12 August systemd adopted as default

2013 init system, GNOME 3.8

20 Big Steam, Parallel

14.01 Gnome/KDE/Xfce/Mate December Entropy, Long Term
2013 Stable versions

Alpha Stage of LXQt spin,

28 June
16.07 Gnome/KDE/Xfce/Mate Anaconda installer, Rolling
Release versions

New Anaconda version,

kernel 4.8, Latest KDE-
Plasma version, New
Greeter!, Improvements and
fixes to Entropy, New
16.11 Gnome/KDE/Xfce/Mate/Fluxbox October
supported ARM devices!,
Also new website, Rolling
Release versions extra.
Desktop, Server, and Cloud
versions available

19.03 21 January
Gnome/KDE/Xfce/Mate/Fluxbox Unknown Changes

19.03 21 January
Minimal Install Unknown Changes

19.03 21 January
DockerHub/VagrantImage/(LXD/LXC) Unknown Changes
CLOUD 2018

9.) Arch Linux - The Arch community has grown and matured to become one of the most
popular and influential Linux distributions, also testified by the attention and review received
over the years.
Arch developers remain unpaid, part-time volunteers, and there are no prospects for monetizing
Arch Linux, so it will remain free in all senses of the word. Those curious to peruse more detail
about Arch's development history can browse the Arch entry in the Internet Archive
Wayback Machine and the Arch Linux News Archives.

Release Date Version Download Size

2019-06-01 2019.06.01 614.0 MB

2019-05-02 2019.05.02 609.0 MB


2019-05-01 2019.05.01 608.0 MB

2019-04-01 2019.04.01 604.0 MB

10.) Puppy Linux - was originally created by Barry Kauler in 2003, as a smaller, leaner version
of Vector Linux.
From the beginning, the idea was to make a small, lean, yet complete edition of Linux
distribution that was useful from the get-go: the downloaded ISO contains all the standard
applications to handle usual computing needs: word processor, spreadsheet, and web browser.

Version Release Date

Puppy 0 18 June 2003

Puppy 1 29 March 2005

Puppy 2 1 June 2006

Puppy 3 2 October 2007

Puppy 4 5 May 2008

Puppy 5 15 May 2010

Puppy 6 26 October 2014

Puppy 7 4 December 2017

Puppy 8 24 March 2019

2. Define at least three (3) application software for the following:

a) Scientific and Engineering -
1. Iformula – it is a math formula, equation library, which was specially developed for
academic students, engineers, high school students with math courses and scientist with
higher mathematics skills.

2. AutoCAD - is a computer-aided design (CAD) program that is used for 2-D and 3-D
design and drafting. AutoCAD was developed and marketed by Autodesk Inc. and one of
the first CAD programs that could be executed on personal computers.

3. Math Ref – it is just an awesomely useful application for the students, teachers, and

anyone else who works with Mathematics and needs to do a lot of calculations.

b) Educational -
1. Oxford Dictionary of English – is widely accepted as one of the highest authorities in
the study and reference of English language globally, with more than 150 years of
research behind it. Regarded as one of the flagship products in Oxford University Press
catalog of dictionaries, it features advanced search and learning tools designed by a vastly
experienced developer.

2. SimpleMind – helps you organize your thoughts, remember things and generate new

3. Evernote – helps you focus on what matters most and have access to your information
when you need it. Input typed notes or scan handwritten notes. Organize notes any way
you want and share with anyone.

c) Business -
1. Salesforce – run your business from your phone. Faster, easier, and with Al as your
sidekick. The Salesforce mobile app unlocks a whole new level of productivity,
personalization, and speed.

2. Finance and Banking Dictionary – is a comprehensive offline Financial and

Accounting Dictionary with 11000+ terms around every are of Finance. It contains
various types of Financial Calculators to calculate the time span of your loan/mortgage
with Amortization.

3. Slack - is essentially a chat room for your whole company, designed to replace email
as your primary method of communication and sharing. Its workspaces allow you to
organize communications by channels for group discussions and allows for private
messages to share information, files, and more all in one place.

d) Medical -
1. Medscape – is the leading online global destination for physicians and healthcare
professionals worldwide, offering the latest medical news and expert perspectives; point-
of-care drug and disease information; and relevant professional education and CME/CE.
It is designed to provide a personalized experience so that you can easily access what you
need, when you need it.

2. Drugs Dictionary – is a medical hand book that provides all information about drugs
used for medication: uses, dosage, how to take, side effects, precautions, drug
interactions, missed dose and storage.

3. CliniCalc Medical Calculator – is a comprehensive tool for medical professionals,

making it easy to perform complex calculations and remember scores, scales,
classifications, and more with high quality images. It gives you the answer you need,
when you need them.