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Plato Plato’s ideas remain deeply provocative and

fascinating. What unites them is their ambition and


– 427 BC
their idealism.
- founded the first known institution of higher
learning in the West (The Academy). Plato’s Ethics

Plato’s Forms

Plato also thought a lot about the natural world and how
it works. He thought that everything had a sort of ideal
form, like the idea of a chair.

Plato’s Allegory of the Cave

One of the ways Plato tried to explain his ideas was with
the famous metaphor of the cave.

Plato says that we are like those men sitting in the cave:
we think we understand the real world, but because we Quotes
are trapped in our bodies, we can see only the shadows
on the wall. One of his goals is to help us understand the
real world better, by finding ways to predict or
understand the real world even without being able to see
it. Today we might call that real world the world of pure
mathematics or physics.

Plato’s Works (36)

The Symposium

The Republic

The Laws

The Meno

The Apology

Plato devoted his life to one goal: helping people to


reach a state of what he termed:

EUDAIMONIA (fulfilment)

FOUR BIG IDEAS for making life more fulfilled.

1. Think More
Doxa (Popular Opinions)
2. Let your lover change you.
“FOR PLATO, IN A GOOD RELATIONSHIP, A
COUPLE SHOULDN’T LOVE EACH OTHER
EXACTLY AS THEY ARE RIGHT KNOW”
3. Decode the message of beauty.
4. Reform Society