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Name: Lisly P.

Dizon Date: September 30, 2019


Subject: APRH 30 Teacher: Ms. Doname A. Reyes RFT, MsC

LABORATORY # 2

Milk Fish ( Chanos chanos ) Deboning

Introduction:

The milkfish (Chanos chanos) is the sole living species in the family Chanidae. However,
there are at least five extinct genera from the Cretaceous. The species has many common names.
The Hawaiian name for the fish is awa, and in Tahitian it is ava. ... Milkfish is also called bandeng
or bolu in Indonesia.

Milkfish is one of the most important fish species that is being cultured in the
Philippines. About 98% of milkfish production comes from aquaculture; only a small amount
comes from marine fisheries. Milkfish is farmed in brackishwater, freshwater and marine
water. Different culture structure used are fishpond, fishpen and fishcage. Brackishwater farming
constituted bulk of farmed milkfish production.

Objectives:

To know the facts about the number of thorns of a typical milk fish.

Materials:

 Basin
 Tweezer
 Sharp knife
 Chopping board

Methodology:

Pre-Preparation
1. Washing. Wash fish upon arrival from the market. Scales may or may not removed.

2. Splitting. Split fish on the dorsal side starting from the tail to the head by running the edge of
the knife along the backbone.
3. Removal of internal organs. Lay fish open like butterfly fillet. Remove gills and internal organs.
Wash fish to remove blood and dirt. The black membrane covering the belly cavity may or may
not be removed depending upon the consumers choice. Wash fish in running water.

4. Removal of backbone dorsal fin. Remove backbone by laying fish flat on the cutting board with
the skin down. Hold the knife in a horizontal/slanting position and cut in with the tip of the blade
along the backbone from the head to tail. Trim off the dorsal fin.

Deboning proper:

It is important to know the exact location of the spines most especially the the intermascular spines.

Total number of spines 196-208(don’t be silly. don’t count the spines. I just put it for illustration
purposes:-). Place fish in the shallow tray. With the end of the mosquito forceps, start removing
the spines.

1. Rib bones. The bones are located in the belly cavity. They are visible and superficially embedded
thus easy to pull out.

2. Dorsal intermascular spines. Make a superficial slit from head to tail along the dent of the dorsal
muscle. Pull out the embedded intermascular spines one at a time.The spines on the head portion
are branched spines while the rest are unbranched. The spines on the tail portion are very much
attached to the muscle tendon, making it difficult to remove. It is necessary to make a horizontal
slit on this portion for easier removal of these spines.

3. Lateral intermascular spines. Area located in-between the dorsal and ventral muscles. Pull out
first the large arch-shaped spines at the base of the operculum. Proceed puling out the Y-shaped
spines up the mid-portion of the body ending with 3 single delicate spines.

4. Ventral intermascular spines. Make a shallow slit along the dent between the muscle segments
of the ventral side and mid-portion of the body to the tip of the muscle in the tail. Pull out the first
2 very fine and delicate spines found in the mid-body which is the start of the spines located in this
portion. Proceed to the tail region.

After the deboning, you can start marinating the deboned bangus.

Conclusion:

The proper handling of fish is beneficial in everyday life as it provides protection to us and
especially to our health. eating fish is enough for our body to cure our illnesses. Having organized
skills contributes to our education or our work. like my deboning activity of milk fish there were
only 196 to 208 thorns but one in my count was 236 that I was counting on. I may have been
mistaken for its thorn but I know the truth about the number of thorns.