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A

PROJECT WORK ON

STUDENT PORTAL

BY
K.PRASANTHI
CH.RAMA LAKSHMI
SK.GOUSIYA PARVEEN
A.NAGA ANUSHA
S.NAGAMANI

GUIDED BY

MS.E.KIRANMAI(MCA)

(Computer Department)

SUBMITTED TO
SRI DURGA MALLESWARA SIDDHARTHA MAHILA
KALASALA
(An Autonomous in the jurisdiction of Acharya Nagarjuna University )
VIJAYAWADA-10
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

It is with immense pleasure that we would like to express


our indebted gratitude to our guide Miss E.KIRANMAI
who has guided us a lot and encouraged us in every step of
the project work. Her invaluable moral support and
guidance through out the project helped us to a greater
extent.

At the same time, we feel elated to thanks our Head of


the department Smt. T. SreeLakshmi Madam for
inspiring us all the way and for arranging all the facilities
and resources needed for our project.

We would like to take this opportunity to thank for


beloved Principal Smt. T.VIJAYA LAKSHMI Madam
for providing a great support for us in compiling our
projects and for giving us the opportunity of doing the
project.

We extend our gratitude to the faculty members of the


Computer Science Department for their unflinching and
valuable suggestions.

Not to forget our friend’s who had supported us in


completing our project in time.
CONTENTS

1. Abstract

2. Software and Hardware Requirements

3. Introduction to JAVA, SERVLETS, HTML, MSACCESS

4. Module Description

5. Testing

6. Data Flow Diagrams

7. Data Dictionary

8. Coding

9. Forms and Reports

10. Future scope of the Project


11. Bibliography
ABSTRACT

Student Portal is a private domain web portal, which is being


developed for a private College. The portal acts as a information
kiosk for students and faculties. The portal acts as a bridge of
communication between the students, faculties and the
administration. The application helps in improving the
communication standards between the different domains existing
in the organization. The overall advantage of the system is
empowered by decreasing the latency that arises while operating
through the manual process. The actual application decreases the
overheads that exist on the job schedules among the faculties and
the administration. The portal helps in adjusting and arranging the
operational standards in the maintenance of information related to
their students and examinations, the faculties and their assigned
job. The administrators can handle all the operational based
information with respect to the transactional state that may arise
in completing the application procedures that take place while the
system is functioning.
The actual purpose in designing the system is to make the
organizational process to get speed up. The management can have
the expected information at its bay at any instance. Generating the
required reports as per the operational requirements becomes
much easier and information availability at the hand. The system
not only becomes false proof and higher levels of satisfaction
prevail at the side of the student, faculty and administrators. The
application is also security oriented and gets associated with in
the system, as the general structure of accessibility is fairly
demandable.
The students can just get on to the portal to know any such
information that is of importance to their academics. The students
can also have referential information related to the normal
structure of their courses, semesters and time tables of the
examination .The portal also provides the accessibility towards
the provision of old question paper and their answers along with
the academic material that is given by the faculties.
From the side of the faculties point the site helps in managing the
nominal requirements for the faculties to enquire, for the subjects
what they have been allocated along with the courses for which
they have been registered. The portal also helps the
faculties in managing the information related to the
assignments that they have to schedule for students as
per the semester in which they are made responsible.
The Portal maintains the details of the corporate
companies that are interested to provide placements to
their College students through campus placements.
The portal maintains the list of all the corporate
sectors that are available and also provides the
facilities for registering them selves onto the database
of this site for their future endeavors. The Students
and the faculties as well as the management can have
a fair glance of information regarding all the
corporate sectors and guide their students regarding
the essentials and necessities of job placements.
The total portal has been planned to be associated
through the conceptual constant of the Java network
and databases technologies, the concept handles the
late trends that are set for higher data transfer rates
optimized bandwidth utilizations of the network by
using the technologies lire EJB & Servlets the web
content is applied through dynamism with oriental
usage of Java server pages at various stages.The
Portal also maintains the specifications of the library
catalog of all the books that are available in the
college, making the students and the faculties much
easier to check for the existing titles in the library
before hand.
PROJECT SYNOPSIS
Synopsis

The entire project has been developed keeping is of the


Distributed client server computing technologies mind. The
specifications have been normalized by 3NF to eliminate all
the anomalies that may arise due to the database transaction
that are executed by the administrator. The user interface is
browser specific to give distributed accessibility for the
overall system. The internal database has been selected as
MSAccess. The basic objectives of table have been exploited
to provide higher consistency and reliability for the data
storage. The MSAccess was a choice as it provides the
constructive of Relational criteria for higher-level reliability
and security. The total front end was dominated using HTML
standards applied with the dynamism of Java server pages.
The communication client was applied using the servlets at
all proper levels high-level care was taken to check that the
system manages date consistency with proper business
validation.
About the Organization

College has taken a standardized decision to extend its


services at the reach of the students and faculties, making
the system more flexible and adaptable. The college has a
group of different academic courses that are provided as
virtue of selection for the students who are joining the
College. The management has taken a decision in its
technical meeting to make the system more flexible and that
can be at the reach of the faculties and students. The system
has students enrolling from different areas of the country
and world. The system provides both technical and non-
technical courses, with a vast choice of electives at the
reach of the students. The students can award any course of
their choice once they fulfill the norms as stated by the
academic council of India. The student can get enrolled into
only one course at a time and he is cornered to adopt the
subjects that are very specific to that course from the
available options. The system at any print of time can
communicate with respect to the standards and strategies for
which a semester has been started. The major problem that
is faced by the organization is in managing the profile status
of each faculty and student with respect to their operational
standards under the environment. The organization to speed
up the entire activity has launched the proposal of
developing their portal, which can drastically decrease the
overall burden and load upon the system.

Why the New system?

With the new system the following activities gets more


momentum.

1. The student, faculty or the administrators can view of


access the information virtually from anywhere in the
College promises.

2. The faculties have the flexibility of providing the


student with all that material and information that is
necessary.

3. The information related to exam and assignments are


ported at the convenience of the faculties.

4. The students can gain hands on information related to


the examination and assignments on which he need to
get scheduled.
5. The students need not shuttle themselves around the
administrative office for the sake of examination or
fees payments information.

6. The information can be managed in a standardized


database, which can always serve the process of search
much easier and faster.

7. The students can also avail their examination results


through the systems itself.

8. The Students and administration can have a plan of


action for the campus placements that can take place in
near future as per the academic schedules.
REQUIREMENTS
Hardware Requirements

 Pentium IV Processor.

 128 MB RAM.

 20GB Hard Disk space.

 Ethernet card with an Internet

and Internet zone.

Software Requirements

 Windows 2000,Windows XP operating


system.

 Internet explorer 5.0 and Netscape


navigator.

 MS-Access.

 Java/J2EE.
 Tomcat 4.1,Tomcat 5.0

ACCESS,SERVLETS,
JDBC,JSP,HTML
In my project, I have chosen Java language for developing the code.

About Java

Initially the language was called as “oak” but it was renamed as “Java” in
1995. The primary motivation of this language was the need for a platform-
independent (i.e., architecture neutral) language that could be used to
create software to be embedded in various consumer electronic devices.
 Java is a programmer’s language.

 Java is cohesive and consistent.

Except for those constraints imposed by the Internet environment,


Java gives the programmer, full control.
Finally, Java is to Internet programming where C was to system
programming.

Importance of Java to the Internet

Java has had a profound effect on the Internet. This is because; Java
expands the Universe of objects that can move about freely in Cyberspace.
In a network, two categories of objects are transmitted between the Server
and the Personal computer. They are: Passive information and Dynamic
active programs. The Dynamic, Self-executing programs cause serious
problems in the areas of Security and probability. But, Java addresses those
concerns and by doing so, has opened the door to an exciting new form of
program called the Applet.

Java Virtual Machine (JVM)

Beyond the language, there is the Java virtual machine. The Java virtual
machine is an important element of the Java technology. The virtual
machine can be embedded within a web browser or an operating system.
Once a piece of Java code is loaded onto a machine, it is verified. As part of
the loading process, a class loader is invoked and does byte code
verification makes sure that the code that’s has been generated by the
compiler will not corrupt the machine that it’s loaded on. Byte code
verification takes place at the end of the compilation process to make sure
that is all accurate and correct. So byte code verification is integral to the
compiling and executing of Java code.

Overall Description

Java Source Java byte code JavaVM

Java . Class
Picture showing the development process of JAVA Program
Java programming uses to produce byte codes and executes them. The first
box indicates that the Java source code is located in a. Java file that is
processed with a Java compiler called javac. The Java compiler produces a
file called a. class file, which contains the byte code. The. Class file is then
loaded across the network or loaded locally on your machine into the
execution environment is the Java virtual machine, which interprets and
executes the byte code.

SERVLETS

Introduction

The Java web server is JavaSoft's own web Server. The Java web server is
just a part of a larger framework, intended to provide you not just with a
web server, but also with tools. To build customized network servers for any
Internet or Intranet client/server system . Servlets are to a web server, how
applets are to the browser.
About Servlets

Servlets provide a Java-based solution used to address the problems


currently associated with doing server-side programming, including
inextensible scripting solutions, platform-specific APIs, and incomplete
interfaces.
Servlets are objects that conform to a specific interface that can be plugged
into a Java-based server. Servlets are to the server-side what applets are to
the client-side - object byte codes that can be dynamically loaded off the
net. They differ from applets in that they are faceless objects (without
graphics or a GUI component). They serve as platform independent,
dynamically loadable, plugable helper byte code objects on the server side
that can be used to dynamically extend server-side functionality.

For example, an HTTP Servlets can be used to generate dynamic HTML


content. When you use Servlets to do dynamic content you get the
following advantages:
 They’re faster and cleaner than CGI scripts
 They use a standard API (the Servlets API)
 They provide all the advantages of Java (run on a variety of
servers without needing to be rewritten).
Attractiveness of Servlets

There are many features of Servlets that make them easy and attractive to
use. These include:
 Easily configured using the GUI-based Admin tool
 Can be loaded and invoked from a local disk or remotely across
the network.
 Can be linked together, or chained, so that one Servlets can
call another Servlets, or several Servlets in sequence.
 Can be called dynamically from within HTML pages, using
server-side include tags.
 Are secure - even when downloading across the network, the
Servlets security model and Servlets sandbox protect your
system from unfriendly behavior.
Advantages of the Servlet API

One of the great advantages of the Servlet API is protocol independence. It


assumes nothing about:
 The protocol being used to transmit on the net
 How it is loaded
 The server environment it will be running in

These qualities are important, because it allows the Servlet API to be


embedded in many different kinds of servers. There are other advantages
to the Servlet API as well. These include:
 It’s extensible - you can inherit all your functionality from the
base classes made available to you.
 It’s simple, small, and easy to use.
Features of Servlets

 Servlets are persistent. Servlet are loaded only by the web


server and can maintain services between requests.
 Servlets are fast. Since Servlets only need to be loaded once,
they offer much better performance over their CGI
counterparts.
 Servlets are platform independent.
 Servlets are extensible. Java is a robust, object-oriented
programming language, which easily can be extended to suit
your needs
 Servlets are secure.
 Servlets can be used with a variety of clients.
Loading Servlets

Servlets can be loaded from three places

From a directory that is on the CLASSPATH. The CLASSPATH of the


JavaWebServer includes service root/classes/ which is where the system
classes reside.

From the <SERVICE_ROOT /Servlets/ directory. This is *not* in the


server’s class path. A class loader is used to create Servlets from this
directory. New Servlets can be added - existing Servlets can be recompiled
and the server will notice these changes.

From a remote location. For this a code base like http: // nine.eng /
classes / foo / is required in addition to the Servlets class name. Refer to
the admin GUI docs on Servlet section to see how to set this up.

Loading Remote Servlets

Remote Servlets can be loaded by:

1. Configuring the Admin Tool to setup automatic loading of remote


Servlets
2. Setting up server side include tags in .shtml files
3. Defining a filter chain configuration
Invoking Servlets

A Servlet invoker is a Servlet that invokes the "service" method on a named


Servlet. If the Servlet is not loaded in the server, then the invoker first
loads the Servlet (either from local disk or from the network) and the then
invokes the "service" method. Also like applets, local Servlets in the server
can be identified by just the class name. In other words, if a Servlet name
is not absolute, it is treated as local.
A client can invoke Servlets in the following ways:
 The client can ask for a document that is served by the Servlet.
 The client (browser) can invoke the Servlet directly using a
URL, once it has been mapped using the Servlet Aliases section
of the admin GUI.
 The Servlet can be invoked through server side include tags.
 The Servlet can be invoked by placing it in the Servlets/
directory.
 The Servlet can be invoked by using it in a filter chain.

JavaScript

JavaScript is a script-based programming language that was developed by


Netscape Communication Corporation. JavaScript was originally called Live
Script and renamed as JavaScript to indicate its relationship with Java.
JavaScript supports the development of both client and server components
of Web-based applications. On the client side, it can be used to write
programs that are executed by a Web browser within the context of a Web
page. On the server side, it can be used to write Web server programs that
can process information submitted by a Web browser and then updates the
browser’s display accordingly

Even though JavaScript supports both client and server Web programming,
we prefer JavaScript at Client side programming since most of the browsers
supports it. JavaScript is almost as easy to learn as HTML, and JavaScript
statements can be included in HTML documents by enclosing the statements
between a pair of scripting tags

<SCRIPTS>.. </SCRIPT>.

<SCRIPT LANGUAGE = “JavaScript”>

JavaScript statements

</SCRIPT>
Here are a few things we can do with JavaScript:
 Validate the contents of a form and make calculations.
 Add scrolling or changing messages to the Browser’s status
line.
 Animate images or rotate images that change when we move
the mouse over them.
 Detect the browser in use and display different content for
different browsers.
 Detect installed plug-ins and notify the user if a plug-in is
required.
We can do much more with JavaScript, including creating entire application.
JavaScript Vs Java

JavaScript and Java are entirely different languages. A few of the most
glaring differences are:

 Java applets are generally displayed in a box within the web


document; JavaScript can affect any part of the Web document
itself.
 While JavaScript is best suited to simple applications and
adding interactive features to Web pages; Java can be used for
incredibly complex applications.
There are many other differences but the important thing to remember is
that JavaScript and Java are separate languages. They are both useful for
different things; in fact they can be used together to combine their
advantages.
Advantages

 JavaScript can be used for Sever-side and Client-side scripting.


 It is more flexible than VBScript.
 JavaScript is the default scripting languages at Client-side since
all the browsers supports it.

Hyper Text Markup Language


Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), the languages of the World Wide Web
(WWW), allows users to produces Web pages that include text, graphics and
pointer to other Web pages (Hyperlinks).

HTML is not a programming language but it is an application of ISO


Standard 8879, SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language), but
specialized to hypertext and adapted to the Web. The idea behind Hypertext
is that instead of reading text in rigid linear structure, we can easily jump
from one point to another point. We can navigate through the information
based on our interest and preference. A markup language is simply a series
of elements, each delimited with special characters that define how text or
other items enclosed within the elements should be displayed. Hyperlinks
are underlined or emphasized works that load to other documents or some
portions of the same document.
HTML can be used to display any type of document on the host computer,
which can be geographically at a different location. It is a versatile language
and can be used on any platform or desktop.
HTML provides tags (special codes) to make the document look attractive.
HTML tags are not case-sensitive. Using graphics, fonts, different sizes,
color, etc., can enhance the presentation of the document. Anything that is
not a tag is part of the document itself.
Basic HTML Tags :
<! -- --> Specifies comments
<A>……….</A> Creates hypertext links
<B>……….</B> Formats text as bold
<BIG>……….</BIG> Formats text in large font.
<BODY>…</BODY> Contains all tags and text in the HTML
document
<CENTER>...</CENTER> Creates text
<DD>…</DD> Definition of a term
<DL>...</DL> Creates definition list
<FONT>…</FONT> Formats text with a particular font
<FORM>...</FORM> Encloses a fill-out form
<FRAME>...</FRAME> Defines a particular frame in a set of
frames
<H#>…</H#> Creates headings of different levels
<HEAD>...</HEAD> Contains tags that specify information
about a document
<HR>...</HR> Creates a horizontal rule
<HTML>…</HTML> Contains all other HTML tags
<META>...</META> Provides meta-information about a
document
<SCRIPT>…</SCRIPT> Contains client-side or server-side script
<TABLE>…</TABLE> Creates a table
<TD>…</TD> Indicates table data in a table
<TR>…</TR> Designates a table row
<TH>…</TH> Creates a heading in a table

ADVANTAGES

 A HTML document is small and hence easy to send over the


net. It is small because it does not include formatted
information.
 HTML is platform independent.
 HTML tags are not case-sensitive.

Java Database Connectivity

What Is JDBC?

JDBC is a Java API for executing SQL statements. (As a point of interest,
JDBC is a trademarked name and is not an acronym; nevertheless, JDBC is
often thought of as standing for Java Database Connectivity. It consists of a
set of classes and interfaces written in the Java programming language.
JDBC provides a standard API for tool/database developers and makes it
possible to write database applications using a pure Java API.
Using JDBC, it is easy to send SQL statements to virtually any relational
database. One can write a single program using the JDBC API, and the
program will be able to send SQL statements to the appropriate database.
The combinations of Java and JDBC lets a programmer write it once and run
it anywhere.

What Does JDBC Do?


Simply put, JDBC makes it possible to do three things:
 Establish a connection with a database
 Send SQL statements
 Process the results.

JDBC versus ODBC and other APIs


At this point, Microsoft's ODBC (Open Database Connectivity) API is that
probably the most widely used programming interface for accessing
relational databases. It offers the ability to connect to almost all databases
on almost all platforms.

So why not just use ODBC from Java? The answer is that you
can use ODBC from Java, but this is best done with the help
of JDBC in the form of the JDBC-ODBC Bridge, which we will
cover shortly. The question now becomes "Why do you need
JDBC?" There are several answers to this question:
1. ODBC is not appropriate for direct use from Java because it uses a C
interface. Calls from Java to native C code have a number of
drawbacks in the security, implementation, robustness, and
automatic portability of applications.
2. A literal translation of the ODBC C API into a Java API would not be
desirable. For example, Java has no pointers, and ODBC makes
copious use of them, including the notoriously error-prone generic
pointer "void *". You can think of JDBC as ODBC translated into an
object-oriented interface that is natural for Java programmers.
3. ODBC is hard to learn. It mixes simple and advanced features
together, and it has complex options even for simple queries. JDBC,
on the other hand, was designed to keep simple things simple while
allowing more advanced capabilities where required.
4. A Java API like JDBC is needed in order to enable a "pure Java"
solution. When ODBC is used, the ODBC driver manager and drivers
must be manually installed on every client machine. When the JDBC
driver is written completely in Java, however, JDBC code is
automatically installable, portable, and secure on all Java platforms
from network computers to mainframes.

JDBC-ODBC Bridge
If possible, use a Pure Java JDBC driver instead of the Bridge and an
ODBC driver. This completely eliminates the client configuration required by
ODBC. It also eliminates the potential that the Java VM could be corrupted
by an error in the native code brought in by the Bridge (that is, the Bridge
native library, the ODBC driver manager library, the ODBC driver library,
and the database client library).

What Is the JDBC- ODBC Bridge?


The JDBC-ODBC Bridge is a JDBC driver, which implements JDBC
operations by translating them into ODBC operations. To ODBC it appears
as a normal application program. The Bridge implements JDBC for any
database for which an ODBC driver is available. The Bridge is implemented
as the

Sun.jdbc.odbc Java package and contains a native library used to


access ODBC. The Bridge is a joint development of Innersole and Java Soft.

Java Server Pages (Jsp)


Java server Pages is a simple, yet powerful technology for creating and
maintaining dynamic-content web pages. Based on the Java programming
language, Java Server Pages offers proven portability, open standards, and
a mature re-usable component model .The Java Server Pages architecture
enables the separation of content generation from content presentation.
This separation not eases maintenance headaches; it also allows web team
members to focus on their areas of expertise. Now, web page designer can
concentrate on layout, and web application designers on programming, with
minimal concern about impacting each other’s work.

Features of JSP

Portability:

Java Server Pages files can be run on any web server or web-enabled
application server that provides support for them. Dubbed the JSP engine,
this support involves recognition, translation, and management of the Java
Server Page lifecycle and its interaction components.

Components:

It was mentioned earlier that the Java Server Pages architecture can include
reusable Java components. The architecture also allows for the embedding
of a scripting language directly into the Java Server Pages file. The
components current supported include Java Beans, and Servlets.

Processing:
A Java Server Pages file is essentially an HTML document with JSP scripting
or tags. The Java Server Pages file has a JSP extension to the server as a
Java Server Pages file. Before the page is served, the Java Server Pages
syntax is parsed and processed into a Servlet on the server side. The
Servlet that is generated outputs real content in straight HTML for
responding to the client.

Access Models:
A Java Server Pages file may be accessed in at least two different ways. A
client’s request comes directly into a Java Server Page. In this scenario,
suppose the page accesses reusable Java Bean components that perform
particular well-defined computations like accessing a database. The result of
the Beans computations, called result sets is stored within the Bean as
properties. The page uses such Beans to generate dynamic content and
present it back to the client.

In both of the above cases, the page could also contain any valid Java code.
Java Server Pages architecture encourages separation of content from
presentation.

Steps in the execution of a JSP Application:


1. The client sends a request to the web server for a JSP file by giving
the name of the JSP file within the form tag of a HTML page.

2. This request is transferred to the JavaWebServer. At the server side


JavaWebServer receives the request and if it is a request for a jsp file
server gives this request to the JSP engine.
3. JSP engine is program which can understands the tags of the jsp and
then it converts those tags into a Servlet program and it is stored at
the server side. This Servlet is loaded in the memory and then it is
executed and the result is given back to the JavaWebServer and then
it is transferred back to the result is given back to the JavaWebServer
and then it is transferred back to the client.

Purpose

The generated application is the first version upon the system. The overall
system is planned to be in the formal of distributed architecture with
homogeneous database platform. The major objective of the overall system
is to keep the following components intact.

System consistencySystem integrity Overall security of data Data


reliability and Accuracy User friendly name both at administration and user
levels Considering the fact of generality and clarity To cross check that the
system overcomes the hurdles of the version specific standards
Project Plan

 Maintain and manage the fee payments details of the


students for their academic purposes and
examinations.

 Maintain and manage the faculty based material and


the previous question papers along with the answers.

 Maintain and manage the faculty assignments and


marks details.

MS-ACCESS

What is a Database?

A database is a computer term for a collection of related information


about certain topic or business application, such as an employee database or
a product database. Databases help you organize related information in a
logical manner for easy access.

Computer databases can store data in different formats, from simple lines of
text (such as names and addresses) to complex data structures that include
pictures, sounds or video images. Databases arrange information in such a
way that any specific piece of information can be accessed if a reference
point is known.

Additional Information
1.Difference between data and database

A) A data is a collection of related information put together.

B) A database is a computer term for a collection of related information about a certain


topic or business application. Database help in organizing related information in logical
manner for easy access and retrieval. Database consists of data within its objects.

2. The primary key is used to uniquely identify the records in a table.

3. The set of records returned by a query is known as dynaset.


How to create a database:

Microsoft Access provides three methods to create a database:

You can create a database by using the Database wizard. The wizard lets you
choose from one of the built-in templates, and customize it to some extent. Then it
creates a set of tables, queries, forms, and reports, and also a switchboard for the
database. The tables do not have any data in them. Use this method if one of the built-in
templates closely match your requirements.

Creating a database by using a Database Wizard

You can use a Database Wizard to create in one operation the required
tables, forms, and reports for the type of database you choose — this is the
easiest way to start creating your database. The wizard offers limited options to
customize the database.

1.Click New on the toolbar.

2.In the New File task pane, under Templates, click On my computer.

3.On the Databases tab, click the icon for the kind of database you want to
create, and then click OK.
4.In the File New Database dialog box, specify a name and location for the
database, and then click Create.

5.Follow the instructions in the Database Wizard.

Create a database by using a template:

This is the quickest way to create a database. This method


works best if you can find and use a template that very closely
matches your requirements.

1.Click New on the toolbar.

2.In the New File task pane, under Templates, either search for a specific
template or click Templates on Office Online to browse for a suitable template.

3.Locate the Access template you want, and click Download.

If you want to start creating a database based on your design, create a blank
database, then add the tables, forms, reports, and other objects individually — this is the
most flexible method, but it requires you to define each database element separately.

Create an empty database without using a Database Wizard:

1.Click New on the toolbar.

2.In the New File task pane, under New, click Blank Database.

3.In the File New Database dialog box, specify a name and location for the
database, and then click Create.
What is a table?

Relational databases are constituted by one or more tables than contain the
information in an organized form. Databases usually contain more than one table and
each one will have a fixed number of fields.

The tables are made up by two structures:


 Field: It corresponds to the name of the column. It must be unique and
besides to have a data type associate
 Record: It corresponds to each row that composes the table. There the
data and the registries are composed

Relationships in a Database:
 One-To-Many Relationships
A one-to-many relationship is the most common type of relationship. In this
type of relationship, a row in table A can have many matching rows in table B, but a row
in table B can have only one matching row in table A. For example, the Publishers and
Titles tables have a one-to-many relationship: each publisher produces many titles, but
each title comes from only one publisher.
A one-to-many relationship is created if only one of the related columns is a primary
key or has a unique constraint.
In Access, the primary key side of a one-to-many relationship is denoted by a key
symbol. The foreign key side of a relationship is denoted by an infinity symbol.
 Many-To-Many Relationships
n a many-to-many relationship, a row in table A can have many matching rows
in table B, and vice versa. You create such a relationship by defining a third table, called
a junction table, whose primary key consists of the foreign keys from both table A and
table B. For example, the Authors table and the Titles table have a many-to-many
relationship that is defined by a one-to-many relationship from each of these tables to
the TitleAuthors table. The primary key of the TitleAuthors table is the combination of
the au_id column (the authors table’s primary key) and the title_id column (the Titles
table’s primary key).
 One-To-One Relationships
In a one-to-one relationship, a row in table A can have no more than one
matching row in table B, and vice versa. A one-to-one relationship is created if both of
the related columns are primary keys or have unique constraints.

This type of relationship is not common because most information related in this way
would be all in one table. You might use a one-to-one relationship to:
 Divide a table with many columns
 Isolate part of a table for security reasons.
 Store data that is short-lived and could be easily deleted by simply
deleting the table.
 Store information that applies only to a subset of the main table.
In Access, the primary key side of a one-to-one relationship is denoted by a key
symbol. The foreign key side is also denoted by a key symbol.

MODULE
DESCRIPTION
The total number of databases that were identified to build
system is 14. The major parts of the databases are
categorized as administration components and students and
faculty’s components. The administration components are
useful is managing the actual master data that may be
necessary to maintain the consistency of the system. These
databases are purely used for the internal organizational
needs and necessities.

The students and faculty’s components are designed to


handle to transactional states that arise upon the system
whereas students or faculty can make a visit onto the portal
for the sake of the information related to semesters,
examinations fees, Library Books and Corporate details. The
students and faculty’s components are scheduled to accept
parametrical information from the uses as per the system
necessity.

The Administration users interface concentrate on the


consistent in that is practically part of organizational
actuaries and which needs proper authentication for date
collation. These interfaces to the visitors with all the
transactional states lute date in date deletion and date
updation only with the Date search capabilities.

The students or faculties user interface helps the ordinary


website visitors in transactions the required services that
are provided upon the site. The faculties can manage their
own information in a customized manner as per their
flexibilities.

Number Of Modules

Students Module: This module manages all that information


related to the students, who got enrolled into the system.
The students association towards the particular course and
the examination schedules along with the fee payments and
results are integrated into this. In this Module we give he
flexibility to the user in viewing his personal information,
applying for the certificates required at the academic level,
to the administrator. They can also view for any notifications
from the corporate, details of the marks obtained in various
subjects. Student is also given privilege of accessing their
account information and changes the passwords for the
security reasons.
Faculties Module: This module manages the information
that is specific to the faculties. The module also integrates
itself to the courses to which he is responsible and the
subjects on which he is being deputed. The module also
manages itself to maintain integration with the faculties’
details and association of their marks entry into the
concerned subjects depending upon the course, subjects and
semester he/she involved.

College Information Module: This module manages the


information of all the courses that are practically registered
within the College as per their academic councils decision.
This module also involves in maintaining the details of
infrastructure, faculties information, Library details and
associated data. This module internally maintains the fees
details of courses conducted in the organization, detailed
information of faculties, library catalogue, issue of the
books, available books in the library etc.

Corporate Information Management Module: The Module


maintains the details of the corporate companies that are
interested to provide placements to their College students
through campus placements. The portal maintains the list of
all the corporate sectors that are available and also provides
the facilities for registering them selves onto the database of
this site for their future endeavors. The Students and the
faculties as well as the management can have a fair glance
of information regarding all the corporate sectors and guide
their students regarding the essentials and necessities of job
placements.

Administrator Module:
This module deals with administrative strategies of the organization, which
involve checking out the student’s registrations, their admission details, and
authenticating them to access the information from the system. This
module also involves the maintenance of details of the students submitting
requests for the various certificates and permitting them accordingly to
have. This module is mainly designed to provide the validation check at the
administration level for every event generated at the front-end level.

TESTING
Testing
Testing is the process of detecting errors. Testing performs a very critical
role for quality assurance and for ensuring the reliability of software. The
results of testing are used later on during maintenance also.

Psychology of Testing

The aim of testing is often to demonstrate that a program works by showing


that it has no errors. The basic purpose of testing phase is to detect the
errors that may be present in the program. Hence one should not start
testing with the intent of showing that a program works, but the intent
should be to show that a program doesn’t work. Testing is the process of
executing a program with the intent of finding errors.

Testing Objectives
The main objective of testing is to uncover a host of errors, systematically
and with minimum effort and time. Stating formally, we can say,
 Testing is a process of executing a program with the intent

of finding an error.
 A successful test is one that uncovers an as yet

undiscovered error.

 A good test case is one that has a high probability of finding

error, if it exists.

 The tests are inadequate to detect possibly present errors.

 The software more or less confirms to the quality and

reliable standards.

Levels of Testing
In order to uncover the errors present in different phases we have
the concept of levels of testing. The basic levels of testing are as
shown below…
Client Needs

Acceptance
Testing
Requirements

System Testing
Design

Integration Testing

Unit Testing

Code

System Testing
The philosophy behind testing is to find errors. Test cases are devised with
this in mind. A strategy employed for system testing is code testing.

Code Testing:

This strategy examines the logic of the program. To follow this method we
developed some test data that resulted in executing every instruction in the
program and module i.e. every path is tested. Systems are not designed as
entire nor are they tested as single systems. To ensure that the coding is
perfect two types of testing is performed or for that matter is performed or
that matter is performed or for that matter is performed on all systems.
Types Of Testing

 Unit Testing
 Link Testing

Unit Testing

Unit testing focuses verification effort on the smallest unit of software


i.e. the module. Using the detailed design and the process
specifications testing is done to uncover errors within the boundary of
the module. All modules must be successful in the unit test before the
start of the integration testing begins.

In this project each service can be thought of a module. There are so


many modules like Login, HWAdmin, MasterAdmin, Normal User, and
PManager. Giving different sets of inputs has tested each module.
When developing the module as well as finishing the development so
that each module works without any error. The inputs are validated
when accepting from the user.

In this application developer tests the programs up as system.


Software units in a system are the modules and routines that are
assembled and integrated to form a specific function. Unit testing is
first done on modules, independent of one another to locate errors.
This enables to detect errors. Through this errors resulting from
interaction between modules initially avoided.

Link Testing

Link testing does not test software but rather the integration of each
module in system. The primary concern is the compatibility of each
module. The Programmer tests where modules are designed with
different parameters, length, type etc.
Integration Testing

After the unit testing we have to perform integration testing. The goal
here is to see if modules can be integrated proprerly, the emphasis
being on testing interfaces between modules. This testing activity can
be considered as testing the design and hence the emphasis on
testing module interactions.

In this project integrating all the modules forms the main system.
When integrating all the modules I have checked whether the
integration effects working of any of the services by giving different
combinations of inputs with which the two services run perfectly
before Integration.

White Box Testing

This is a unit testing method where a unit will be taken at a time and tested

thoroughly at a statement level to find the maximum possible errors. I

tested step wise every piece of code, taking care that every statement in

the code is executed at least once. The white box testing is also called Glass

Box Testing.

I have generated a list of test cases, sample data. which is used to check
all possible combinations of execution paths through the code at every
module level.

Black Box Testing


This testing method considers a module as a single unit and checks the unit
at interface and communication with other modules rather getting into
details at statement level. Here the module will be treated as a block box
that will take some input and generate output. Output for a given set of
input combinations are forwarded to other modules.
DATA FLOW
DIAGRAMS
DATA FLOW DIAGRAMS

Symbols in DFD:

Data Flow :

Process :

Data Store :

Terminator :

DFD For New Faculty Entry

Java Source Department Designation


Master Master
Validate Faculty ID

Java Java Verify Verify


Check Check
Source Sourc Data Data
For For
e 1.2 1.3

Department Designation

Insert

Faculty Master
DFD For New Subject Under Course Entry

Course_Sub Course Master Subject Master


Master
Validate CourseID SubjectID

Insert Verify Verify Verify


New Data Check Check Data
Data
For For
CourseID 2.1 2.2 2.3

Course Subject
SubjectID

Insert

Course_Sub
Master

DFD For new Examination Entry

Examination Course Master Semester


Master Master
Validate Exam ID

Insert Verify Verify Verify


New Data Check Check Data
Data
For For
Exam ID 3.1 3.2 3.3

Course Semester

Insert

Examination
Master
DFD For New Exam Time Table Entry

Exam Time Examination Subject Master


Table Master
Validate ExamID SubjectID

Insert Verify Verify Verify


New Data Check Check Data
Data
For For
ExamID 4.1 4.2 4.3
SubjectID
Exam Subject

Insert

Exam Time
Table

DFD For New Fee Payment Details

Fee Payment Type


Fee Payment Master Master
Payment
Master Details
Validate PaymentID PaymentTypeID

Insert Verify Verify Verify


New Data Check For Check Data
Data
For
PaymentID 5.1 Fee Payment 5.2 5.3
PaymentTypeID
Fee
Payment
TypeID

Insert

Exam Time
Table
DFD For New Faculty Course Entry

CourseMaster
Faculty Master
Faculty Course
Master
Validate FacultyID CourseID

Insert Verify Verify Verif


New Data Check For Check
Data
For y
FacultyID 6.1 6.2 Data
CourseID Faculty
Course
6.3

Insert

Faculty Course
Master
DFD For New Faculty Subject Entry

Subject Master
Faculty Master
Faculty Course
Master
Validate FacultyID CourseID

Insert Verify Verify Verif


New Data Check For Check
Data
For y
FacultyID 6.1 6.2 Data
Faculty
Subject
SubjectID 6.3

Insert

Faculty Subject
Master
DFD For New Student Registration

Semester Master
Course Master
Student Master

Request for Generate Validate Validate


StudentID() Course ID()
Semest
Student
Registration 7.1 7.2 er ID
7.3

Commi
t

Updatio
n Of
Data
Student Master

DFD For Student Examination Registration

Subject Master
Student Master
Examination
Master

Request for Generate Validate Validate


Exam ID() Student
ID()
Subject
Exam
Registration 8.1 ID
8.2
8.3

Commi
t

Updatio
n Of
Data
Examinantion
Master
DFD for Notes Submission By Faculty

Subject Master
Faculty Master
Faculty Notes
Master

Request for Generate Validate Validate


Notes ID() Faculty ID()
Subject
Notes
Submission 9.1 9.2 ID
9.3

Commi
t

Updatio
n Of
Data
Faculty Notes
Master

DFD For Fee Payment

Fee Payment Master


Details
Faculty Notes Student Master
Master

Generate Generate
Request for Fee Validate Fee Payment
Payment student ID()
Notes ID() ID()
Submission 10.3
10.1 10.2

Validate Fee
ID()
Commi
10.2
t

Updatio
n Of
Data
Faculty Notes Fee Master
Master
DATA DICTIONARY
LIST OF TABLES

TABLE NAME : ADMIN


NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT
USID TEXT 20 PRIMARY KEY
PWD TEXT 10

TABLE NAME : ADMIN_CORPORATE

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


CORPORATE_ID TEXT 20 PRIMARY KEY
NOTIFICATION_ID TEXT 20
NOTI_DATE DATE
NOTI_LDATE DATE
NOTIFICATION TEXT 20

TABLE NAME : BRANCH_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


BRANCH_ID TEXT PRIMARY KEY
BRANCH_NAME TEXT
BRANCH_DESC TEXT
COURSE_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
TABLE NAME : CATALOG

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


BOOK_ID TEXT 10 PRIMARY KEY
BOOK_NAME TEXT 20
BOOK_AUTHOR TEXT 20
BOOK_EDITION TEXT 10

TABLE NAME : CORPORATE_LOGIN


NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT
CID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
CUSER TEXT
PW_OLD TEXT
PW_NEW TEXT

TABLE NAME : CORPORATE_MASTER


NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT
CORPORATE_ID TEXT 20 PRIMARY KEY
CORPORATE_NAME TEXT 20
CORPORATE_DESC TEXT 10
CORPORATE_WEBSITE TEXT 20

TABLE NAME :COURSE_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


COURSE_ID TEXT 10 PRIMARY KEY
COURSE_NAME TEXT 20
COURSE_SHORT_NAME TEXT 5
COURSE_DESCRIPTION TEXT 20
COURSE_FEE TEXT 10

TABLE NAME: COURSE_SUBJECT_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


COURSE_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
SUBJECT_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
SEMESTER_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY

TABLE NAME:DEPARTMENT_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


DEPARTMENT_ID TEXT 8 PRIMARY KEY
DEPARTMENT_NAME TEXT 10
DEPARTMENT_DESCRIPTION TEXT 20

TABLE NAME:DESIGNATION_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


DESIGNATION_ID TEXT 10 PRIMARY KEY
DESIGNATION_NAME TEXT 15
DESIGNATION_DESCRITION TEXT 20

TABLE NAME:FACULTY_LOGIN

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


FACULTY_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
LOGIN_NAME TEXT
PW_OLD TEXT
PW_NEW TEXT
PW_CHANGED_DATE DATE

TABLE NAME:SEMISTER_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


SEMISTER_ID TEXT 10 PRIMARY KEY
SEMISTER_TYPE TEXT 10
SEM_START_DATE DATE
SEM_END_DATE DATE

TABLE NAME:STUDENT_CERTIFICATES

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


STUDENT_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
CERTIFICATES TEXT
APPLY_DATE DATE
APPLY_STATUS TEXT

TABLE NAME:FACULTY_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


FACULTY_ID TEXT PRIMARY KEY
PASSWORD TEXT
FIRSTNAME TEXT
LASTNAME TEXT
GENDER TEXT
ROLE TEXT
REM_QUESTION TEXT
REM_ANSWER TEXT
DOB DATE
HOUSENO TEXT
STREET TEXT
CITY TEXT
STATE TEXT
COUNTRY TEXT
PINCODE NUMBER
PHONENO NUMBER
DEPARTMENT_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
DESIGNATION_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
JOINDATE DATE
EMAIL TEXT

TABLE NAME:JOB_DETAILS

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


JOB_ID TEXT PRIMARY KEY
JOB_NAME TEXT
JOB_QUALIFICATION TEXT
NO_OF_VACANCIES NUMBER
LAST_DATE DATE
COMPANY_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY

TABLE NAME:NOTIFICATION_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


NOTIFICATION_ID TEXT PRIMARY KEY
NOTI_DATE DATE
NOTI_LDATE DATE
NOTIFICATION TEXT
INDENDED_FOR TEXT
STATUS TEXT

TABLE NAME:STUDENT_LOGIN

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


STUDENT_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
LOGIN_NAME TEXT
PW_OLD TEXT
PW_NEW TEXT
PW_CHANGED_DATE DATE

TABLE NAME:STUDENT_MARKS

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


STUDENTID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
STUDENTNAME TEXT
SUB1 NUMBER
SUB2 NUMBER
SUB3 NUMBER
SUB4 NUMBER
SUB5 NUMBER

TABLE NAME:STUDENT_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


STUDENT_ID TEXT PRIMARY KEY
PASSWORD TEXT
FIRSTNAME TEXT
LASTNAME TEXT
GENDER TEXT
ROLE TEXT
REM_QUESTION TEXT
REM_ANSWER TEXT
DOB DATE
HOUSENO TEXT
STREET TEXT
CITY TEXT
STATE TEXT
COUNTRY TEXT
PINCODE NUMBER
PHONENO NUMBER
COURSE_ID TEXT FOREIGN KEY
DATE_OF_ADMISSION DATE
EMAIL TEXT

TABLE NAME:STU_NOTIFICATION_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


NOTIFICATION_ID TEXT PRIMARY KEY
NOTI_DATE DATE
NOTI_LDATE DATE
NOTIFICATION TEXT
INDENDED_FOR TEXT
STATUS TEXT

TABLE NAME:SUBJECT_MASTER

NAME TYPE CONSTRAINT


SUBJECT_ID TEXT 10 PRIMARY KEY
SUBJECT_NAME TEXT 10
SUBJECT_LONG_NAME TEXT 20
SUBJECT_DESCRIPTION TEXT 20
CODING

1.CourseMasterServlet.java

/*StudentLoginServlet.java*/
import conpack.Conn;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;

public class CourseMasterServlet extends HttpServlet


{
public void service(HttpServletRequest req,HttpServletResponse
res) throws ServletException,IOException
{
PrintWriter out=res.getWriter();
try
{
String cid=req.getParameter("CNO");
String cname=req.getParameter("CNAME");
String cshort=req.getParameter("CSHORTNAME");
String cdesc=req.getParameter("CDESC");
String cfee=req.getParameter("CFEE");
String action=req.getParameter("action");

res.setContentType("text/html");
if (action.equals("Insert"))
{
java.sql.Connection con=Conn.getCon();
java.sql.Statement st=con.createStatement();
String sss="insert into course_master
values('"+cid+"','"+cname+"','"+cshort+"','"+cdesc+"',"+cfee+")";
System.out.println(sss);
int c=st.executeUpdate(sss);
System.out.println("IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII"+c);
if (c==1)
{
RequestDispatcher
rd=req.getRequestDispatcher("CourseInsertSuc.html");
rd.include(req,res);
}//if
else
{
RequestDispatcher
rd=req.getRequestDispatcher("AdminCourseMasterEntry.jsp");
rd.include(req,res);
out.println("<p><font color=\"#FF0000\">* Invalid
Operaion<br>* Try Once Again</font></p>");
return;
}
}
else
{
RequestDispatcher
rd=req.getRequestDispatcher("AdminCourseMasterEntry.jsp");
rd.include(req,res);
out.println("<p><font color=\"#FF0000\">* Invalid
Operation<br>* Try Once Again</font></p>");
return;
}

}
catch (Exception e)
{e.printStackTrace();
RequestDispatcher
rd=req.getRequestDispatcher("AdminCourseMasterEntry.jsp");
rd.include(req,res);
out.println("<p><font color=\"#FF0000\">* Invalid
Operation<br>* Try Once Again</font></p>");
return;
}
}
}

2. SubjectMasterServlet.java
/*StudentLoginServlet.java*/

import conpack.Conn;

import javax.servlet.*;

import javax.servlet.http.*;

import java.io.*;

import java.util.*;

public class SubjectMasterServlet extends HttpServlet

public void service(HttpServletRequest


req,HttpServletResponse res) throws
ServletException,IOException

{PrintWriter out=res.getWriter();

try

String sid=req.getParameter("sid");

String
sname=req.getParameter("sname");
String
slname=req.getParameter("slname");

String sdes=req.getParameter("sdes");

String action=req.getParameter("action");

res.setContentType("text/html");

out.println(sid+"<br>");

out.println(sname+"<br>");

out.println(slname+"<br>");

out.println(action+"<br>");

if (action.equals("Insert"))

java.sql.Connection
con=Conn.getCon();

java.sql.Statement
st=con.createStatement();

String sss="insert into


subject_master
values('"+sid+"','"+sname+"','"+slname+"','"+sdes+"')"
;

System.out.println(sss);

int c=st.executeUpdate(sss);

System.out.println("IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII"+c);

//con.close();st.close();

if (c==1)

{
RequestDispatcher
rd=req.getRequestDispatcher("SubjectInsertSuc.html");

rd.include(req,res);

}//if

else

RequestDispatcher
rd=req.getRequestDispatcher("AdminSubjectMasterEntry
.jsp");

rd.include(req,res);

out.println("<p><font
color=\"#FF0000\">* Invalid Operaion<br>* Try Once
Again</font></p>");

return;

else

RequestDispatcher
rd=req.getRequestDispatcher("/AdminSubjectMasterEntr
y.jsp");

rd.include(req,res);

out.println("<p><font
color=\"#FF0000\">* Invalid Operation<br>* Try Once
Again</font></p>");

return;
}

catch (Exception e)

{e.printStackTrace();

RequestDispatcher
rd=req.getRequestDispatcher("/AdminSubjectMasterEntr
y.jsp");

rd.include(req,res);

out.println("<p><font
color=\"#FF0000\">* Invalid Operation<br>* Try Once
Again</font></p>");

return;

}
FORMS AND
REPORTS

1.Homepage
2.Login Page

3.Student Page
4.Student Registration Page

5.Students Certificates Form


6.Students Search Form

7.Faculty Registration Form


8.Faculty Search Form

9. Job Inf orm at i on For m


10. Det ai l s Of Job

11.Course
12.Course Deatils

13.Semester Entry Form


14.Semester Entry Report

15.Subject Details
16.Subject Entry Form

17.Subject Details Report


18.Administrator Logout Form

19.About Us
20.About College

21.Infrastructure
22.Courses

23.Faculty
24.Library

25.Corporate Login
26.Corport Login Report

27.Job Details
28.Company Profile

29.Student Details
30.Student Login

31.Student Information
32.Certificates Application

33.MarkList
34.Job Information

35.Faculty Login Form


36.Faculty Profile

37.Student Details
FUTURE SCOPE

FUTURE UPGRADES:

This system can be upgraded in the future. The Future system will
be connected to online and perform all the transactions directly from the
Main System database which facilitates the full control to the authorities
over the sub systems. All the Transactions performed everywhere can be
easily known from the main System.

User Manual

The entire application has been designed using Ms-access as back end and
using the graphical features of HTML and dynamism through the JSP
provides the front end user interface.

 The customer can Interact with the website just by


providing the URL that is specified.
 The system displays the list of all items that are
practically working and ready for sale, which he can
click and select for shopping.

 Once the total number of items has been chosen, he


pushes them onto the card.

 If the customer is registered, the shopping card is


accepted; else a message is prompted which specifies
the customer to get registered.

 If the customer can get registered by clicking on the


logon button and provide the required information as
specified.

 Each time the registered customer come on to the site


he can makes use of the user name and the password
that is allocated to him.

 The administrator who is managing the actual


information should also be registered for the first
time, and they are also allocated with the user name
and password.

 The administrator has full-length privileges related to


the activities that govern the data maintenance.

 The administrator also has the privilege to manage


and maintain the authentication standards for all
customers.
 Using core java and components like JSP and EJB
needs proper deployment as per general specifications
developed the front end as it

SUMMARY CONCLUSION:
This Student Portal is developed using Java. So it can operate
effectively and efficiently on any platform with out any modifications. It
facilitates fast, secure, reliable and efficient Management to the end users.
Using this application the higher authorities have the full control on all
parts of the undergoing systems. This System provides the full security and
is free from malpractice in the Student Portal.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 J av a Co mplet e Refer en ce: HE RBE RT S C HIE LD

 Wo r k in g w ith MS - Office: RON MON S FIELD

 J av a S erv let Pr ogr ammin g: J AS ON HUN TE R

 So ftw ar e En gin eer in g: ROG E R S .PRE SS MA N