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Vol.

II Part-8/Section-II

i. 220KV CONTROL & RELAY PANELS:

220 KV control, protection and relay Simplex design panels are also required for
substations for 220kV system. Offered protection and control schemes for 220 KV
“SIMPLEX” panels shall be suitable for “TWO MAIN AND ONE TRANSFER BUS
SWITCHING SCHEMES”. Bidders are required to offer following five categories of
“SIMPLEX” type panels:

i. “SIMPLEX” design Control & Relay panels for 220 KV transmission lines.
ii. “SIMPLEX” design Control & Relay panels for 220KV Transfer Bus coupler application.
iii. “SIMPLEX” design Control & Relay panels for 220 KV Bus tie application.
iv. “SIMPLEX” design Control & Relay panels for 220 KV Side of 220/33 KV 100 MVA
transformer
v. “SIMPLEX” design Control & Relay panels for 220/33 KV 100 MVA Transformer

vi.

ii. The bidder may please note that both 220kV & 33 KV C&R panels for
feeder and bus coupler protection shall have main I & main II protection. The

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main I shall be line current differential protection relay and main II shall be
distance protection relay. However the supply of line current differential
protection relay shall not be in the scope of bidder. As such, both panels shall be
supplied with one DPR relay along with installation arrangement for line current
differential protection relay with complete wiring provision in the panel so that
both the relay could be put into circuit as per our requirement. However final
protection scheme for 220 kV Feeder & Bus Coupler Panel shall be finalized
during detailed engineering in consultation with PGCIL.

2.0 LIMITS OF CONTRACT:

2.1 It is not the intent to specify completely here all the details of design and
construction of the control and relay panels. However, the C&R panels shall conform in
all respects to the high standard of engineering design and workmanship. Various
control and relay panels and other requirements specified under this section shall be
complete in themselves in all respect with all main and auxiliary relays, fuses, links &
switches duly wired, labels terminal panels, earthing terminals, indicating lamps, mimic
diagram, annunciator, name plate, foundation bolts, interior illumination, cable
termination arrangement with cable glands fitted on base mounting plate etc. including
all other accessories which are essentially required for satisfactory operation . Such
components shall be deemed to be within the scope of supply of the Bidder irrespective
of whether these are specifically brought out in this specification or not.

2.2 Supply and laying of control and power cables for interconnecting various
equipments is not covered under the specification. Cable terminating arrangements,
viz. the cable hold support boxes, multi-core cable glands, sealing ends for other types
of cables that may be specified, shall however be included in the offered price. These
shall be subject to approval of purchaser. It is the responsibility of Bidder to ensure that
the equipment specified and complimentary equipment required for completeness of the
protection/control scheme be properly accommodated in the panels without congestion
and if necessary Bidder may provide panels with larger dimensions in width only.

3.0 SYSTEM CONDITIONS:

Applicable climatic conditions shall be as per Section-I Volume-II.

4.0 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS:

220KV Simplex design C&R panels shall match with standard drawing
copies of which are enclosed.

4.1.1 PANEL FINISH AND COLOUR 220KV SIMPLEX DESIGN PANELS:

220 KV C&R panels for all applications shall be of Simplex design and each
panel shall be constructed of stretched – level selected sheet steel. Simplex type
panels shall be made in suitable sections so that while mounting the panels can be
located side by side with a view to form a compact unit. 220KV Simplex design panels
have swing type doors on the front with rear blocked.

4.1.2 220 KV C&R panels of Simplex design shall consist of a vertical front panel with
all equipment mounted thereon including protective relay, indicating / recording
instruments and energy meters etc. and having wiring access from the bottom. Double
leaf door with lift off hinges shall be provided at the back. Doors shall have handles with
built in locking facility.

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4.1.3 220 KV C&R panels shall be of SIMPLEX design having front swing door with
relays flush mounted and rear blocked. These panels will be of free standing unitized
construction with members folded and bolted.
 Load bearing members (front panel, base frame, door frame) will be 3mm thick.
 Non load bearing members (side panel, cubicle roof, door) will be 2mm thick.
 Cubicle bottom will be closed and shall have slots for cable entry. These will be
covered by detachable plates.
 Weight of one Control and Relay panel shall be 600 to 650 Kg approx.
 Panels will comply with ingress protection degree IP54 as per IS2147.
 All doors and metal joints will be provided with foam type gaskets as per IS
13847.
 15mm thick anti vibration pad will be provided loose (to be fixed below the base
frame of the panel).
 Width of the panel shall be strictly maintained as 1000mm.
 Swing front panel shall be rigid with suitable guided bolt at bottom.

A drawing is appended herewith which shows the elevation, end view and 3D
view of Simplex design 220KV Control and Relay panels.

4.1.4 Common Features applicable for both types of panels –


220KV SIMPLEX panels shall be dust, moisture and vermin proof.
 All unfinished surface of steel panels and frame work shall be thoroughly
cleaned by sand blasting, pickling and rinsing or by combination of
processes or by other latest and improved techniques to remove dust,
scales, foreign adhering matter and grease. Cleaning process shall be
followed immediately by the application of rust inhibiting wash process. All
control panels surfaces shall then be given suitable rust resisting primary
coat and then one or more coats of opaline green quick drying enamel to
serve as a base and binder for finishing coat.
 As mentioned earlier, purchaser has 64hosphate64ed colour schemes for
SIMPLEX design 220 KV C&R panels which shall be opaline green as per
colour shade No. 275 of IS : 5 for 220KV panels.
 Purchaser will accept respective matching colour and shade equivalent to
BS-381 or any matching colour and shade of other authoritative equivalent
standard. Colour finish shall be applied as per above colour scheme on the
exterior steel works of the panels. Exterior painted surface shall not be fully
glossy. Interior of all panels shall be painted with “Egg Shell White”.
Pretreatment & painting process is described in Clause 14.0. All steel works
shall be 64hosphate in accordance with IS-6005. Panels shall be provided a
degree of protection not less than IP-54 as per IS-2147.

COMPLIANCE OF PANELS, RELAYS, INSTRUMENTS AND OTHER GADGETS


WITH STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS:

4.2.1 STANDARDS:

Applicable Standards for the offered equipments/items shall be as per


Section-I Volume-II.

4.2.2 ACCEPTANCE OF OTHER AUTHORITATIVE STANDARDS:

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In Annexure-A relevant Indian standard specification/IEC standards have been


mentioned. Equipments meeting any other authoritative standard, which ensures equal
or better quality than the standards, mentioned shall also be acceptable. Equipment for
which Indian Standards are not available, the relevant British standards and IEC
recommendations will be applicable. Please attach photocopy of all such standards
according to which the equipment has been offered.

4.2.3 TYPE TESTS:


All offered numerical distance and differential protection relays as well as other
static/electromechanical relays and meters on C&R Panels offered by the Bidders and
as indicated below shall be fully type tested as per relevant standards. In case the
equipment of the type and design offered, has already been type tested, the Bidder
shall invariably furnish type test reports from the reputed and approved
national/international laboratory/Government approved test houses to prove that
indicated accuracy and other specifications of the relays offered conform to the relevant
standards. Test certificates shall clearly indicate the type and model number etc., so
that relevant details of offered relays could be verified. While submitting offers the
model and type etc., shall be clearly indicated. Type test reports so furnished should
not pertain to the period earlier than five years from the date of opening of Bid. It may
be very specifically` noted by Bidders that non-submission of type test reports about
numerical and conventional relays and also about static meters along with the Bid shall
be treated as a disqualification.

i. Numerical distance protection relays


ii. Numerical differential protection relay for X-mer & reactor
iii. Numerical backup impedance relay for reactor
iv. Numerical, Non directional and communicable 3 O/C + 1
E/F Relays as backup protection on 220 KV panels
v. Static trivector energy meter of accuracy Class 0.2S
vi. Multifunction meter of accuracy Class 0.2S (MODBUS
protocol compatible with MPPTCL SCADA system)

4.2.4 DISCREPANCIES IN TECHNICAL PARTICULARS:

Regarding discrepancy in technical particulars stipulation under Section-I


Volume-II shall be applicable.

4.3.0 PANEL CUT OUT AND DIMENSIONS:

4.3.1 As mentioned earlier, the C&R panels for both voltage classes, i.e. 220 KV &
33 KV shall be of Simplex design and the Simplex design 220 KV panels shall have a
swing type front door and rear blocked.

4.3.2. Bidders may please note that the scheme / arrangement of panels envisaged
for 400 KV transmission line protection is such that the control gadgets shall be housed
in one panel and there shall be a provision for one relay panel to accommodate Main – I
and Main – II schemes alongwith their associated periphernia. Thus, there shall be two
nos. panels in all. As regards the 100 MVA, 220 / 33KV transformers, there shall be
two panels in all: one of which shall be control panel and the other shall be exclusively
a relay panel. The quantities of panels required for each application for 400 KV as well
as 220KV systems is summarized below –

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S. Description/ 400KV system 220KV system


No. application Simplex Simplex Simplex Simplex
design design Relay design design /Relay
Control panel Control Panel/ Control
panel panel & Relay panel
1. Transmission line 01 01 01 01
protection
(one for Main-I & ( Relay Panel
Main-II protection one for Main-I
schemes both) & Main-II
protection
schemes both)

2. HV side 01 01 Nil Nil


100 MVA
transformer

3. MV side Nil Nil Nil 01


100 MVA
Both Control
transformer
and Relay
Panel in one
Panel

4. HV side Nil Nil Nil 01


100 MVA
Both Control
transformer
and Relay
Panel in one
Panel

5. TBC application 01 01 01 01
(one for Main-I & ( Relay Panel
Main-II protection one for Main-I
schemes both) & Main-II
protection
schemes both)

6. Bus-tie application 01 Nil Nil 01


Both Control
and Relay
Panel in one
Panel
Nil
7. 400KV bus & line 01 01 Nil
Reactor application
Nil
8. For Bus-tie breaker 01 01 Nil
protection

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Bidders may please note that although GA drawings for individual applications
mentioned above are not being furnished with the Bid document, all the same, the
aforementioned table need be strictly followed in so far as number of panels for each
application is concerned. Control panel for tie breaker in case of 400kV substations
where one and half breaker switching scheme is applicable need also be supplied as a
part of scheme for protection.

4.3.3 Constructional details & dimensions for 400 KV and 220 KV SIMPLEX type
panels shall be as under:-

S. No. Title 400 KV PANELS 220 KV PANELS


Simplex (Control panel and Simplex design Control &
1 Type relay panel) Please refer no. Relay panel as shown in
SK273 for dimensional details MPPTCL’s standard drawing.
2312 (Panel 2210 + base 2312 (Panel 2210 + Base
2 Height (mm) frame of 102 mm) frame 102)
3 Depth (mm) 762 mm 750 mm
i. Control panel – 700 mm
1000 mm (Subject to variation
ii. Relay panel – 700 -1000
4 Width (mm) as per scheme requirement)
mm (Subject to variation as per
scheme requirement)
5 Base frame Anticorrosive Black painted Anticorrosive Black painted
6 Panel Exterior Smoke grey Opaline Green
7 Panel Interior Egg Shell white Egg Shell white
Mimic strips Dark violet
8 Dark Brown
over laid type
9 Variation in Bidder may please note that
dimension of the height and depth of control
Bidder may please note that
panels. panels will have to be
the height and depth of control
maintained as mentioned
panels will have to be
against Sl.No. 2&3 above. As
maintained as mentioned
far as width of the control
against Sl. No. 2&3 above. As
panels is concerned the same
far as width of the control
may be offered based on
panels is concerned, this shall
Bidder’s optimum design to
also be maintained as 1000
accommodate various relays
mm as per S.No.4 above.
and accessories, which are to
be mounted on the panels.
10 MPPTCL’s Bidders shall ensure to match Bidders shall ensure to match
Standard panels offered by them with panels offered by them with
Drawing MPPTCL’s standard drawing MPPTCL’s standard drawing
enclosed herewith. enclosed herewith.

4.3.4 The purchaser has standardized dimensions of panels for various applications
and therefore no deviation in height / depth of panels in particular shall be permitted.
The width of the panels is however subject to change. Bidders may please note that
preferred cut out dimensions for mounting of control gadgets and relays shall be strictly
inline with IS-4483 (Part I & II).

4.3.5 It is hereby clarified that standard drawing showing C&R panels for 400 &
220KV voltage classes have been developed considering that the Numerical
Distance Protection relays offered by the Bidders have the protection, recording

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and metering functions listed elsewhere in the document, built in them. For
example, relays type LBB, NDR, DTOC have been considered built in the DPR or
Differential and therefore has not been shown as discrete relays. Accordingly,
Bidders will have to offer discrete relays for trip circuit supervision, DC supply
supervision even these relays are also built-in feature of the numerical relays.
This has to be noted specifically.

4.3.6 Control and Relay panels shall be floor mounting dead front sheet steel
assemblies of unitised design. Panels shall be made in suitable sections as described
else where in the specification so that while mounting, panels can be located side by
side bolted together to form a compact and composite unit. Design, material selection,
workmanship, and width of panels shall be such as to present a neat appearance,
outside and inside with no works of welds, rivets, screw or bolts head apparently visible
from the exterior surface of the control panels.

4.4.0 LIGHTING:

4.4.1 In each SIMPLEX panel, one 20 W, 230V AC tube light guarded with protected
cage shall be provided inside the central roofed access for adequate illumination & the
same shall be controlled by a door switch. Two incandescent 40 Watt (or15W CFL)230
Volt lamps with switch housed in protective cage, one each on the front & rear side of
the panels shall be provided under the central roofed access.

One number 15A, 3 pin receiptable universal socket with switch shall be
provided in each simplex control panels. Third pin of the socket shall be effectively
grounded through the metallic structure. Socket shall be industrial grade control panels
type complete with protective metallic cover.

4.5.0. AUXILIARY SUPPLY:

4.5.1 The auxiliary AC / DC supply shall be as per clause No. 6 Section-I Volume –II
Part I of the specification
There shall be two independent DC supply sources suitable for 220V DC at 400
KV sub-stations.
4.5.2 Two dedicated separate DC supervision relays for each transformer or feeder
circuit at 400 KV sub-stations shall be provided in control panels in the 400 KV sub-
stations to monitor healthiness of each of the two main and duplicate DC sup ply. Main
DC supply shall be connected to main protection relay, control, and indication circuit.
Other (duplicate) DC supply shall be used exclusively for second trip coil and
associated relays and related application. For each trip coil separate trip cir cuit
supervision relay and healthy indication shall be provided including facility for pre and
post close supervision. Main DC supply in manual and auto trip circuit and control for
the second trip coil in the breaker control switch shall not be mixed up or paralleled with
the main DC supply, to ensure tripping through second trip coil even though the first trip
coil is burnt or becomes defective. Similarly auto trip through main protection relay
should energize trip coil-I using main DC supply and backup protection relay should
energize trip coil-II using duplicate DC supply. It is desired that at no point the main and
duplicate DC supply should be paralleled.

4.5.3 Bidders shall take due care to indicate two separate DC supply sources in the
schematic drawing showing the DC supply arrangement for panels.

4.5.4 Isolating devices with H.R.C. fuses shall be provided in each panels for both
A.C. and D.C. power supplies. Distribution and wiring of the same shall be unitized

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through fuses and links in such a way so that isolation of respective system unit is
possible without affecting the rest of the system or unit.

4.5.5 All H.R.C. fuses and links shall be with holder, and the same shall be mounted
on slant support with identification labels.

4.5.6 H.R.C. fuses shall be provided as per following details;


S. No. Circuit Fuse Rating
1. Circuit breaker-closing circuit 10A
2. Trip circuit -I 16A
3. Trip circuit -II 16A
4. Main Protection 10A
5. Back up protection 10A
6. Indication 6A
7. Annunciation 6A
8. P.T. Circuit main 6A
9. P.T. supply for Metering circuit 2A
10. A.C. Supply fuses and links 6A

NOTE: Additional HRC fuses and links for individual circuit shall also be provided as
per the requirement for completing the offered protection scheme.

4.6.0 CONTROL WIRING:

4.6.1 Successful Bidders shall furnish and install complete wiring up to the terminal
block for the equipment, instrument devices mounted in the control panels strictly in
accordance with the approved wiring diagram prepared by the Bidder based on the
purchaser's information and schematic diagram.

4.6.2 Wiring shall be completed in all respects so as to ensure proper functioning of


control, protection and metering schemes.

4.6.3 All spare relay contacts and spare contacts of switches shall be wired up to the
terminal blocks.

4.6.4 Wiring shall be done with flexible heat resistant control panels wires, PVC
insulated with stranded copper conductor. Minimum number of strand in the wire shall
be three. The conductor size shall be equivalent to 2.5 mm square minimum for
Current, potential & DC Control circuit and 1.5mm sq minimum for other indications and
annunciation circuits.

4.6.5 Coloured cores shall be used for wiring as per latest revision of IS-375 viz; red
yellow blue and black for R Y B phases and neutral respectively. Colour code for
earthing shall be Green, and for annunciation circuits gray colour code shall be used.
For DC circuits the colour code will be grey.

4.6.6 Each wire shall be identified at its both ends with wire designation number by
plastic ferrule as per wiring diagram based on latest revision of IS-375 to denote the
different circuit functions. Bidders shall take approval for the system of wire numbering
and colour coding schemes. For identifying each wire bidders should provide wire
schedule for each wire with drawing.

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4.6.7 All wire terminations shall be made with compression type connectors. Wires
shall not be tapped or spliced between terminal points. All wire shall have crimp type
termination and direct Tee connection at any place is not at all required.

4.6.8 All series connected devices and equipment shall be wired up in sequence.
Loop-in Loop out system of wiring shall be avoided as far as possible and the common
buses shall normally be made through the terminal block for better reliability of testing
and maintenance.

4.6.9 Fuses and links shall be provided for isolation of individual circuit from bus
bars without disturbing other circuits and equipment.

4.6.10 DC trip and DC voltage supplies and wiring to main protective gear shall be
segregated from those for special purposes. Each such group shall be fed through
separate fuses, either direct from main supply fuses or the bus bars.

4.6.11 Since a number of wires will run from one point to another, it is desired that the
support arrangement should be adequate and neat. Conventional method of bunching
of wires should not be adopted since the same creates problems in case any wire is to
be removed. Wires should be accommodated in suitable plastic channels with sliding
plastic cover, which may be suitably mounted inside the panels neatly. Inspection/
removal of wires laid in the plastic channels should be possible by sliding the covers.

4.6.12 Blank plastic channels should be provided by the sides of the panels to
accommodate incoming cables from switchyard through cable glands with suitable
holding arrangement rigidly fixed so that while handling other nearby cables no jerks are
transferred to the terminals inside the cubicle.

4.6.13 Wherever practicable wiring shall be accommodated in the sidewall of the


cubicles. Sharp bends shall be avoided.

4.7.0 TERMINAL BLOCKS:

4.7.1 Multi-way terminal blocks complete with necessary binding screws and
washers for wire connection and marking strip for circuit identification shall be furnished
for terminating the panel wiring and outgoing cables. Terminals shall be suitable for
receiving atleast 2x7/0.737mm stranded copper conductor or equivalent aluminum
conductor wires per terminal. It may please be noted that the current rating shall be
double the current rating of 2x7/0.737 non stranded copper wire and terminal shall be
suitable to receive 2x2.5sq mm/or 2x4sq mm copper conductor of control cable.

4.7.2 Terminal blocks shall have shorting and disconnection facilities ,so that the
Board side and outgoing wires could be disconnected just by opening the
disconnecting links which slides up or down without dislodging the wires from
their position. The technical specification for these blocks shall conform to latest IEC
60947-7-1 as mentioned hereunder -

‘The screw terminal block shall be manufactured as per IEC-60947-7-1. The insulating
material of Terminal Block shall be of polyamide 6.6 meeting VO / V2 inflammability
class as per UL 94. All metal parts including screws shall be copper alloy. The terminal
shall be suitable for mounting on both ‘DIN’ as well as ‘G’ type rail. All the metal parts
shall be captive and touch proof. The terminal block shall have screw locking design so
that it can be stand vibration level upto 5g and also prevent accidental loosening of
conductors.’

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Non-disconnecting and disconnecting type terminal connectors shall be made


of polyamide and shall be preferably of ‘ELMEX’ make having type designations KBTM4
and KLTDM4 respectively.

4.7.3 Highly reliable Test terminal blocks with facilities of shorting and easy removal
of connection shall be provided for CT & PT circuits. Instrument transformer wires shall
be terminated through suitably mounted test terminal blocks to facilitate site testing of all
main and backup protection relays.

4.7.4 Test terminal blocks shall be grouped according to the circuit functions and
each terminal block group shall have at least 20% spare terminals for accommodating
additional input wires.

4.7.5 Not more than two wires shall be connected to any terminal or either side of
the terminal block. If necessary, a number of terminals shall be connected by jumpers to
provide additional wiring points.

4.7.6 Each terminal point shall be marked with designation obtained from the
purchaser's schematic drawings.

4.7.7 Adjacent rows of terminal blocks shall be spaced not less than 100mm apart.
These shall be mounted vertically at the sides of the cubicle and set obliquely towards
the rear doors to give easy access to terminating end to enable ferrule number to be
read without difficulty.

4.7.8 Bottom of terminal blocks shall be spaced at least 200mm above the cable
gland of incoming multicore cables.

4.8 CABLE ENTRY:

4.8.1 All panels shall have provision of multiple cable entries from the bottom.
Necessary cable glands should also be provided in the rear & front side of panels on a 4
mm thick mild steel gland plate to be bolted firmly with nut and bolts on base plate.
Base plate shall be bolted further on the base frame with adequate number of nuts &
bolts as may be necessary to allow free working space for cable connections and to
facilitate its opening. Base plate shall be in 3 pieces for Simplex panels and one piece
for simplex panels with proper opening for fixing gland plates. Thickness of these base
plates shall not be less than 4 mm. Base plate provided on the base frame is to facilitate
free working space and also to serve as a cover for control cables laid in the trenches
from front to rear side of the Simplex panels. Purchaser will arrange for necessary floor
opening below the panels to suit the cable trench design of purchaser's requirement.

4.8.2 Wiring through the terminal blocks shall be located in a manner that it
becomes convenient to provide termination of control cable for floor openings.

4.8.3 Gland plate shall be supplied duly drilled and fitted with cable glands. Gland
plate and doors shall be provided with gasket properly. Necessary glands as per
clause- 4.8.5 below shall be fitted on the gland plate.

4.8.4 Rigid supports shall be provided along with terminal block for holding plastic
channel. Suitable clamps may also be provided in plastic channel for holding cables.

4.8.5 Following quantities of cable glands with suitable blanking arrangement shall
be fitted on the gland plate that shall be fastened suitably at the bottom of each of the
400 & 220 kV Simplex design panels quantities shown below shall be provided at the
rear and front both panels:-

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i For 4 core x 2.5sq.mm 1.1KV Copper control cable 12 nos.


ii For 8 core x 2.5sq.mm 1.1KV Copper control cable 6 nos.
iii For 12 core x 2.5sq.mm 1.1KV Copper control cable 6 nos.
iv For 19 core x 2.5sq.mm 1.1KV Copper control cable 6 nos.

Bidders may please note that for control, protection and relay panels for use in
400 & 220KV substations, armoured / unarmoured copper control cables respectively
shall be used by the purchaser. Offered cable glands shall be suitable for armoured and
unarmoured copper control cables accordingly.

4.9.0 GROUNDING:

4.9.1 12.5mm x 6mm copper grounding bus shall be provided for each control
panels extending along with entire length of the panels for the purpose of effectively
grounding all metal structures.

4.9.2 Each continuous length of ground bus shall have provision of two terminals at
two extreme points for connection to main ground grid of the substation.

4.9.3 Common star /neutral point of Potential and current transformer shall be
connected with the grounding bus through a disconnecting type connector so as to
adopt single point grounding of common star point either at the terminal block in the
control panels or in the marshalling box of the instrument transformer.

4.9.4 Whenever any circuit is shown grounded on the drawing a single wire for that
circuit shall be run independently up to the ground bus and connected to it.

5.0 CONTROL & RELAY PANELS:

As stated earlier, Control & Relay panels for 400 & 220KV voltage classes
shall be of Simplex design. Full constructional details in respect of these panels, their
colour scheme, details about the sheet steel utilized for construction and about other
constructional aspects, have been elaborated in para nos. 4.0 and 4.3.

6.0 CONTROL AND INDICATION CIRCUITS:

6.1 Control and Indication circuits for each circuit breaker controlling feeder,
shall generally comprise of the following:

a. Mimic diagram
b. A composite meter to indicate current, voltage, watts, VARS and Power factor.
c. Circuit Breaker Control switch.
d. "Trip coil / closing coil Healthy" lamps.
e. Alarm cancellation arrangement.
f. Breaker ON/OFF indication lamps.
g. Energy meter with display facility of various electrical quantities viz., MW, MVA,
MVAR, power factor etc.
h Facia annunciating windows
i. Test terminal block and Relay Test Block on the front panels for testing of
meters and relays as per specified scheme in Simplex panels.
j. Relay Test Block on rear side of Simplex panels as per scheme.
k. Any other devices which may be necessary for completing scheme based on
improvement in design and adoption of new technology by the Bidder.
l. In case of 400KV C&R panels provision of synchronizing plug and for 220KV
C&R panels in out switch.

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6.2 MIMIC DIAGRAM:

6.2.1 Mimic diagrams for 400 as well as 220KV Systems shall be made to represent
TWO MAIN & ONE TRANSFER BUS Scheme and shall be placed at the eye level to
indicate position of each breaker. Power transformer, voltage transformer shall be fixed
on mimic by suitable symbols having dark Black colour. Position indicator of isolating
devices shall have matching colour in accordance with the voltage class of the mimic.
Arrangement shall be of overlaid design using anodized aluminum section. Bidders may
please note that Painted type mimic diagrams are not acceptable.

6.2.3 Offered mimic diagram shall have colour scheme for representing 400 KV
voltage levels as Dark Violet and for 220KV the colour scheme shall be dark brown /
violet.

6.3 CIRCUIT BREAKER & ISOLATING DEVICE POSITION INDICATORS


(SEMAPHORES):

6.3.1 Position indicators of `SEMAPHORE' TYPE shall be provided as part of the


mimic diagrams on panels for indicating the position of circuit breakers and isolating
devices, as mentioned earlier. Indicator shall be suitable for semi-flush mounting with
only front disc projecting out and with terminal connection from the rear. Colour of
position indicator strips shall be matching with the colour of associated mimic. Position
indicators shall be suitable for DC operation. When the supervised object is in the
closed position, the pointer of the indicator shall take up a position in line with the mimic
bus bars, and at right angles to them, when the object is in the open position. When
supply failure to the indicator occurs, the pointer shall take up an intermediate position
to indicate the supply failure. Position indicators shall withstand 120% of rated voltage
on continuous basis.

6.3.2 All 400 and 220 kV isolating devices and earth switches are required to be
operated directly from the control room. Isolator operation shall be interlocked with the
breaker operation and the earth switch operation shall be interlocked with the operation
of both isolating device and breaker. For above purpose 3- position (close–open &
return to neutral) pistol grip control switch shall be provided near to the respective
semaphore for closing and opening operation of these devices by extending close and
open command with desired interlocks specified above.

7.0 ANNUNCIATION SYSTEM:

7.1 Alarm annunciation system shall be provided for each panels by means of
visual and audible alarm in order to draw the attention of the operating staff to the
abnormal operating conditions or the operation of some protective device. Annunciation
equipment shall be suitable for operation under the tolerance limit of voltages specified
in this specification.

7.2 Annunciation shall be of visual and audible type. Facia annunciator, flush
mounted on the front of the control panels, shall provide the visual annunciation. DC
hooter or DC bell shall provide the audible alarm. Apart from requirement of facia
windows for annunciating status of various relays, the Bidder shall also provide spare
facia annunciator windows (two nos. each) for trip and non-trip functions.

7.3 Each facia annunciator shall have a minimum size of 35 mm X 50 mm-


translucent plastic window for each Trip and alarm point. Translucent plastic plates of
facia window shall be engraved in black letters with respective inscriptions. All

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inscriptions shall be engraved on each window in not more than three lines and size of
letters shall not be less than 5 mm.

7.4 Each annunciation window shall be provided with two white lamps in parallel to
provide safety against lamp failure. Long life lamps shall be used. Lamp circuit shall
include series resistor of adequate rating. Cover plate of the facia windows shall be
flush with the panels and shall be capable of easy removal to facilitate replace ment of
lamps. Transparency of cover plates and wattage of the lamps provided in the facia
windows shall be adequate to ensure clear visibility of the inscriptions in the control
room having high illumination intensity (500 Lux) from the location of the operating staff
desk.

7.5 TRIP and NON TRIP facia shall be differentiated. All trip windows shall have
red colour translucent plastic window and all non-trip facia windows shall have white
colour translucent plastic window. Sequence of operation of the annunciator shall be as
follows:

Visual Audible
Alarm condition Fault contact
Annunciation Annunciation
Normal Open OFF OFF
Abnormal Close Flashing ON
Acknowledge push a. Close Steady on OFF
button is pressed/ b. Open Steady on OFF
Reset push button is a. Close ON OFF
pressed. b. Open OFF OFF
Lamp test push Open Steady on OFF
button pressed.

7.6 Any new annunciation appearing after the operation of audible annunciation
cancel, shall provide a fresh additional annunciation accompanied with visual alarm
even if acknowledging or resetting of previous alarm is in process or yet to be carried
out.

7.7 Annunciation system described above shall meet the following additional
requirements:

a. Annunciation system shall be capable of catering to at least 80% simultaneous


signals (of windows provided) at a time.
b. One self resetting push button shall be provided on each panels for testing the
facia window lamps. Push buttons for testing flasher and audible alarm circuit of
annunciation system and for testing the annunciation supply failure monitoring
circuit shall also be provided. These testing circuits shall also be so connected
that while test is being done it shall not prevent the registering of any new
annunciation that may land up during the test.
c. One set each of the following push buttons shall be provided on each panels as
shown in the front view drawing:
i Reset push button for annunciation system.
ii Accept push button for annunciation system.
iii Test push button for testing healthiness of annunciator. The
operation of this button should not cause inadvertent operation of any
equipment.
d. Annunciation shall be repetitive type and shall be capable of registering the
fleeting signal. Minimum duration of fleeting signal registered by the system shall
be 15milli seconds.

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e. Annunciation shall be suitable for operation with normally open potential free
contacts which close on a fault. It shall be possible at site to change operation of
annunciator from potential free contact from "close to fault" to "open to fault" and
vice versa.
f. In case of static annunciator scheme, special precaution shall be taken by
Bidder to ensure that spurious alarm condition does not appear due to
influence of external electromagnetic/electrostatic interference on the
annunciator wiring and switching disturbances from the neighboring circuits
within the panels.
g. Offered annunciation scheme shall be complete in all respects including
annunciator relay, flasher relay, test, accept and reset push buttons.
h. Additional four spare windows two each for non trip and trip signals supported by
trip relay for future application by the purchaser shall be provided duly wired up
and terminated to the row of connectors.
i. For each signal receiving through yard a separate Aux relay should be provided.
No Signal from yard should be directly connected on window facia.

8.0 PROTECTION SCHEMES:

8.1 Protection schemes for 400kV and 220 kV systems included in this Bid are
required for the following applications:

400 KV SYSTEM
1 Control & Relay panels for 400 KV lines.
Control & Relay panel for 315MVA /100MVA , 400/220/33KV
2
Transformer.
3 Control & Relay panel for Transfer Bus coupler application.
4 Control & Relay panel for bus tie application
5. Control and Relay panel for bus reactor application
6. Control and relay panel for protection of Tie Breaker application

220 KV SYSTEM
1 Control & Relay panels for 220 KV lines.
2 Control & Relay panels for Transfer Bus coupler bays.
3 Control & Relay panels for bus tie bays.
Control & Relay panel for 220KV side of 400/220 KV, 315MVA,
4
Transformer at 400 KV S/S
5 Control & Relay panel for 160MVA/100 MVA power transformer
6 Control and Relay panel for bus reactor application

8.2 PROTECTION SCHEMES FOR 400KV & 220KV LINES:

8.2.1 General philosophy is to have two main protections having equal performance
requirement specifically about the “time of operation” hereinafter referred to as Main I &
Main II Schemes for 400 KV & 220 KV Transmission lines. These schemes shall be in
the form of Numerical relays / One Distance Relay and One differential Relay having
built in back up protection, based on different fault detection algorithms and of different
make. However, as mentioned differential relay is not required to be supplied by the
bidder, where all wiring arrangement and provision for installation of differential relay is
required to be made in the panels for 400& 220kV line protection panel. Main I and
Main II schemes for 400 KV & 220 lines shall be suitable for use with CVTs having
transient response as per IEC. Besides Main I & Main II, the 400 KV lines shall be
provided with two stage OVERVOLTAGE PROTECITON which can form integral part
of the Numerical relays. For both 400 & 220 KV lines the maximum fault current could

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be as high as 40 KA and the minimum fault current could be 20% of rated CT secondary
i.e. 1 A. As such, the starting and measuring units should suit to these requirements.
Finally, protection schemes for both 400 & 220 KV lines shall be “Non-Switched
Schemes” having separate measurements for phase to phase to phase to ground faults
for each zone. Please note that Supply of Line Differential relay is not in scope of
bidder. Required Line Differential Relay for Feeder/TBC panels will be provided by
purchaser however necessary wiring and fixing arrangement of numerical
differential relays are to be provided by bidder. It is obligatory for bidder any
other auxiliary relays required for fruitful operation of panel shall invariably be
provide by the supplier. However, supply of distance relay for main II protection
of feeder & bus coupler panel and differential relay for transformer panel is in the
scope of the bidder. Bidder should note that no tripping command / closing command
shall be directly connected through numerical relay. For Tripping / auto re closing of
circuit breaker high speed tripping relay should be provided.

8.2.2 SALIENT FEATURES OF MAIN-I & MAIN-II DISTANCE PROTECTION


SCHEMES

i. Offered scheme shall have continuous self monitoring and diagnostic


feature.
ii. Offered scheme shall have stepped time-distance characteristics and
three independent zones ( zone 1, zone 2 and zone 3) and Zone 4 for
reverse reach.
iii. Offered scheme shall have mho and quadrilateral or other suitably
shaped characteristics for zone-1, zone-2 and zone-3.
iv. Offered scheme shall have following maximum operating time (including
trip relay time, if any) of 30 milli seconds for all types of faults and source
to line impedance ratio of 4.0.
v. Offered relays shall have characteristics angle between 30 and 85
degrees.

vi. Offered relays shall have resetting time of less than 50 milli seconds
including the resetting time of tripping relays.

Other important requirements about Numerical relays pertaining to their


protection, metering and recording functions have been elaborated in the subsequent
clauses which may be carefully noted.

8.2.3 It may be noted that, 400 as well as 220 KV circuit breakers will have two trip
coils which will receive simultaneous trip command. As such schematic shall be made
to select main DC supply or duplicate DC supply for each trip coil as stated in the
previous section. For this purpose, contact multiplication will not be acceptable but the
rating of the breaker control switch and each tripping relay contacts shall be adequate to
handle the burden of two trip coils. Pistol grip type breaker control switches along with
red and green indicating lamp for ON/OFF indication shall be provided.

 Offered distance protection schemes for both 400 KV and 220 KV lines
shall be suitable for single pole tripping and auto reclose duty and they
shall have facility for check synchronising.
 Salient requirements about automatic reclosing scheme –

Auto re-closing function shall be separate for Main-I & Main-II protection
schemes and shall have following features –
i. Single phase or / and three phase re-closing facilities

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ii. Have a continuously variable single phase dead time range of 0.1 to 2
secs in steps of 0.05 sec.
ix. Have a continuously variable three phase dead time range of 0.1 to 2
secs in steps of 0.05 sec.
x. Shall have a continuously variable reclaim time range of 5 – 300 secs in
steps of 0.05 sec.
xi. Shall have a two position selector switch from which auto-reclose IN /Out
mode can be selected.
xii. Shall have facilities for selecting check synchronizing or deadline
charging facilities.
xiii. Shall be of single shot type.
xiv. Shall include check synchronizing relay which will have following
features–
a. A time setting range continuously variable between 0.5 and 5 secs.
with a facility of additional 10 secs.
b. Shall have a response time within 200 mili secs. with the timer
disconnected.
c. Shall have phase angle setting not exceeding 35 degrees.
d. Shall have voltage difference setting not exceeding 10%.
e. Shall include deadline charging relay which shall have 2 sets of
relays and each set shall be able to monitor the three phase voltage
where 1 set shall be connected to the line CVT with a fixed setting of
20% of rated voltage and the other set shall be connected to Bus PT
with a fixed setting of 80% of rated voltage.
f. Shall incorporate necessary auxiliary relays and timers to give a
comprehensive scheme.
xv. Shall have a two position selector switch from which Carrier IN/Out
mode can be selected.

8.2.4 All 400KV and 220KV transmission lines are generally laid on double circuit
transmission towers and each circuit is protected against lightning by ground wire joined
at each tower. Maximum fault currents in both these voltage classes could be as high as
40KA but the minimum fault current could be as low as 20% of CT secondary rating
(1A). Thus, starting and measuring relay characteristics should satisfy both extreme
conditions. Numerical distance protection relay shall be suitable for use with CVTs also
having non-electronic damping and transient response as per IEC. It shall be ensured
that no additional delay to block tripping is involved in relay operating time created
intentionally to have stable operation. Power supply unit if provided as an integral part of
relay scheme shall be fully rated with liberal design in capacity. Insulation barriers shall
be provided to ensure that transient present in CT and VT signals due to extraneous
sources do not cause damage to static circuits. Circuits must comply with IEC
recommendation for impulse withstands values. Adequate measures shall be taken to
ensure that equipment is protected against voltage spikes occurring in auxiliary DC
supply.

8.2.5 Numerical distance protection schemes offered by the Bidders for 400KV
and 220KV lines shall have the following features -

 Numerical distance protection relay shall be capable of providing flexible,


reliable integration of protection, control, and monitoring and measurement
functions.
 Offered relay shall have 6 nos. of impedance measuring loops.
 Offered relay shall be suitable for protection of broken conductor following one
out of three phases getting open circuited without any line or ground fault.

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Protection shall perform satisfactorily both for loaded and unloaded line
condition.
 Offered relay shall preferably have independent polygonal characteristics with
adjustable reactive and resistance reaches for maximum selectivity and
maximum fault resistance coverage due to arc resistance.
 Offered relay shall provide selection and setting for mutual compensation of
double circuit lines.
 Offered relay shall have minimum four directional zones (Three forward and one
reverse) and minimum one non-directional zone. Zone setting ranges shall be
sufficient to cover line lengths appropriate to each zone. It shall have Carrier
aided scheme options of Zone-I extension, permissive under reach or over reach
and blocking.
 Offered relay shall have maximum operating time up to trip impulse generated
from relay (complete protection time including applicable carrier time and
tripping time )for the following source to line impedance ratios under all
possible combination of line fault with CVT being used on the line at 50% of
Zone-I reach:-

for Source Impedance Ratio 0.01 4 : 30ms at nearest end and 50ms at other
end of line.
for Source Impedance Ratio 4 -15 : 35ms at nearest end and 55ms at other
end of line.
 Offered relay shall have a secured directional response under all conditions,
achieved by memory voltage polarizing or healthy phase voltage polarizing as
may be appropriate.
 Offered relay shall have logic to detect VT fuse failure. Bidders shall clearly state
if VT fuse failure for all the three phases can be detected individually.
 Offered relays shall be suitable to detect switch on to fault (SOTF) condition by
appropriate means. Bidders may elaborate the SWITCH ON TO FAULT logic.
 Offered relay shall have LBB relay as a built in feature to take care of stuck
breaker condition. If it is not so, then the Bidders may have to offer discrete
relay to take care of stuck breaker condition.
 Offered relay shall have power swing blocking feature with suitable coverage to
encircle distance relay characteristic with facilities for
(a) Fast detection of power swing
(b) Selective blocking of zones and
(c) Settable deblocking criteria for earth faults, phase faults and three phase
faults.
 Offered relay shall have minimum three directional and one non-directional
step time distance characteristics with independently variable time graded
distance protection zones to cover two adjacent line sections.
 Offered scheme shall have minimum adjustable characteristics line angle
setting range of 30 -85 degrees.
 Offered relay shall have load enchroachment feature.
 Offered relay for 400 KV feeder shall have out of step protection.
 Offered Distance schemes for 400KV & 220KV lines shall be suitable for
single pole tripping and reclosing duty as stated in the previous para.
 Offered relay shall be selective for internal and external faults.
 Offered relay shall have minimum two independent continuous variable time
setting range of minimum 0-1 second for zone-2 and minimum 0-3 seconds
for zone-3 in step of 0.01 secs. Variable time settings for non-directional zone
shall also be provided to set minimum trip time of 0-5 seconds, over and
above time settings for directional zones in step of 0.01 secs .

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 It is desired that the total operating time of the offered relay need not exceed
30 ms.
 Offered relay shall have maximum resetting time of less than 35ms.
 Offered relay shall have built-in extensive self-supervision and diagnostic
testing facility.
 Suitable number of potential free contacts if required (multiplied through reed
relays only) may be provided on each distance scheme for carrier aided
selection of permissive tripping and blocking and auto reclosing. Provision for
event sequence recorder, stuck breaker, disturbance recorder, fault locator
etc. shall be available.
 Offered relay shall be capable of performing basic metering functions.
Voltages, Currents, Active and Reactive power registration shall be available
on demand.
 Offered Numerical Distance relays shall be suitable for use on series
compensated transmission lines. This is a desirable feature but it is not
mandatory.
 Offered relay shall be capable of supporting IEC 61850 communication
standard.
 Offered relay shall have two communication ports. Front port shall be for local
communication for relay settings, modifications, extraction / analysis of fault /
event / disturbance records from a lap top computer and there shall be rear
port on 61850 standard for remote communication.
 Offered relay shall have following tools for fault diagnostics.
 Offered relay shall have minimum 32 digital inputs and 36 digital outputs and
minimum 24 LED’s for 400 kV Panel and 18 digital inputs and 20 digital
outputs and minimum 20 LED’s for 220 kV Panel .

i. FAULT RECORDS -

Relay shall have facility to store fault records with information on cause
of tripping, date, time and trip values of electric parameters. It shall be
capable of storing not less than 10 nos. of previous fault records.

ii. EVENT RECORDS -

Relay shall have facility to store 1000 nos. time stamped event records
with 1 ms resolution.

iii. DISTURBANCE RECORDS -

Number of available analogue channels and digital channels shall not be


less than 8 and 32 respectively. Triggering for capturing / recording of
disturbance should be possible from within the distance relay and / or
from any other disturbance within the EHV sub-station. Offered relay
shall necessarily have a storage capacity of atleast 10 disturbance
records of 3 sec. duration each.

iv. Disturbance recorder, fault recorder and distance to fault locator


functions shall be provided as integral part of the line protection relays.

 Offered relay shall have front panels display with keys to enter scroll through
the settings and to view the measurements. It shall also be possible to take
data from a pre-stored file in the PC and download the settings to the relay
through the front port.

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 Offered relay shall have directional phase over current and earth fault
protection.
 Offered relay shall have non-directional phase over current and earth fault
IDMT protection with high set element for instantaneous tripping.
 Offered relay shall have under / over voltage protection (Two stage).
 Offered relays shall conform to communication protocol no. IEC-61850 as
stated earlier.
 Offered relay shall have self-monitoring and fault diagnostic feature with
appropriate annunciation. User definable LEDs shall be provided for visual
indication. Necessary serial ports and parallel ports with leads and termination
shall be provided.
 Offered relay shall have facility for communication from remote sub-station
(inline with IEC 61850 standard) so that these relays can be used for sub-
station automation. Required hardware and software shall be included in the
offered relay.
 Offered relays shall have port type IRIG – B for time synchronization.
 Bidder may please note that the feeder panel for 400 KV and 220 KV line shall
have phase measurement units as per latest recommendation of CEA/WRPC.
The phase measurement may be integral part of distance protection relay or
separate unit shall have to be provided.

Bidders shall elaborate following features of the numerical relays offered by


them.
i. Various programmable features of the relay
ii. Application.
iii. Relay functions.
iv. Block diagram for hardware of the relay.
v. Metering and recording.
vi. Human machine interface.
vii. Suitability of the relay for IEC communication protocol no. IEC-61850.

8.2.6 It may please note that for preclose supervision and post close
supervision of trip coil six nos. Trip circuit supervision relay has to be
provided Separately.
8.2.7 It may please be noted that for D.C. supervision of the panel two nos DC
supervision relay has to be provided separately.

8.3. PROTECTION SCHEMES For 220KV/ 33KV 100MVA & 160MVA,


220/132/33KV POWER TRANSFORMERS

8.3.1. Transformer protections required for 315 MVA, 400/220/33KV, 100 MVA
400/132/33 KV, shall be provided by two nos independent fully numerical
transformer differential relay . Transformer protection required for 220KV / 33KV
100 MVA & 160MVA, 220/132/33KV Power Transformers shall be provided by one no
fully numerical transformer differential protection relay. The offered numerical differential
relay shall be suitable for protection of 3 winding transformer without external
interposing CTs. In case protection requirement calls for providing interposing CTs,
same shall be provided by the bidder in the control panel without additional cost. It
should be ensured that differential Protection offered is stable under through fault
condition, normal and over fluxing conditions and shall not operate with magnetizing in
rush current. Bidders shall give all details of the protection offered. Differential relay
shall have current rating of 1 Amp CT secondary and the total operating time shall not
exceed 30 ms. from inception of fault up to contact status changing of output relay.

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Relay should have Bias setting adjustable from 15% to 50% with through fault current
not less than 10 times the normal current. Operating characteristics should have dual
slope for enhanced sensitivity for internal faults and better stability during through faults.
Fifth harmonic by-pass filters shall be provided to avoid possible mal-operation under
over-fluxing conditions. Relay shall have three instantaneous high set over current
unit and shall have continuous self monitoring and self diagnostic features. Visual
indication and alarm shall be provided in this panel for over fluxing relay, and for
standard Transformer protections. Alarm indication for SF6 gas pressure low, lockout,
and air pressure low shall be provided along with, Inter trip and trip transfer indication.
The offered differential relays shall also be suitable for IEC communication protocol
61850.

8.3.2 Numerical differential protection schemes offered by the Bidders for 400KV
and 220KV Transformer shall have the following features :
i. The scheme shall be based on numerical technology.
ii. The scheme shall be suitable for three winding transformer with REF protection.
iii. It should be ensured that differential Protection offered is stable under through fault
condition, normal and over fluxing conditions.
iv. Numerical differential relay shall not operate with magnetizing in rush current.
v. Differential relay shall have current rating of 1 Amp CT secondary.
vi. The total operating time shall not exceed 30 ms. from inception of fault up to
contact status changing of output relay.
vii. Relay should have Bias setting adjustable from 10% to 50% with through fault
current not less than 10 times the normal current. Operating characteristics should
have dual slope for enhanced sensitivity for internal faults and better stability
during through faults.
viii. In numerical differential protection fifth harmonic by-pass filters shall be provided
to avoid possible mal-operation under over-fluxing conditions.
ix. Relay shall have three instantaneous high set over current and IDMT unit and
shall have continuous self monitoring and self diagnostic features.
x. Relay have continuous self monitoring and self diagnostic features.
xi. Offered relays shall have port type IRIG – B for time synchronization.
xii. Offered relay shall be capable of supporting IEC 61850 communication standard.
xiii. Offered relay shall have two communication ports. Front port shall be for local
communication for relay settings, modifications, extraction / analysis of fault /
event / disturbance records from a lap top computer and there shall be rear port
on 61850 standard for remote communication.
xiii. Offered relay shall have facility to trigger oscillograpy through master trip relay.
xiv. Bidder may please note that the feeder panel for 400 KV and 220 KV line shall have
phase measurement units as per latest recommendation of CEA/WRPC. The
phase measurement may be integral part of distance protection relay or separate
unit shall have to be provided

8.3.2 (A) Transformer differential protection relay shall have following built- in
protections –
i. Thermal imaging.
ii. Restricted earthfault
iii. Local breaker back-up (LBB)
iv. Over excitation
v. Back-up overcurrent and earthfault relay
vi. Overload protection
vii. Negative phase sequence imbalance detection
viii. Trip circuit supervision
ix. DC supply supervision
x. NDR protection

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xi. Three Nos three stage definite time over current for each winding.
Note: Bidder may please note that If NDR protection and Definite time three stage
overcurent relay are not integral part of the relay bidder may provide separate relay for
the same.

 Offered relay shall have minimum 32 digital inputs and 36 digital outputs and
minimum 24 LED’s for 400 kV Panel and 18 digital inputs and 20 digital
outputs and minimum 20 LED’s for 220 kV Panel.

i. FAULT RECORDS -

Relay shall have facility to store fault records with information on cause
of tripping, date, time and trip values of electric parameters. It shall be
capable of storing not less than 10 nos. of previous fault records.

ii. EVENT RECORDS -

Relay shall have facility to store 1000 nos. time stamped event records
with 1 ms resolution.

iii. DISTURBANCE RECORDS -

Number of available analogue channels and digital channels shall not be


less than 12 and 32 respectively. Triggering for capturing / recording of
disturbance should be possible from within the distance relay and / or
from any other disturbance within the EHV sub-station. Offered relay
shall necessarily have a storage capacity of atleast 10 disturbance
records of 3 sec. duration each.

iv. Disturbance recorder, fault recorder and distance to fault locator


functions shall be provided as integral part of the line protection relays

8.3.2(B) AUXILIARY RELAYS FOR ALARM AND TRIP FUNCTIONS:

We have envisaged hand reset type auxiliary relays for alarm and trip
functions as mentioned against Sl. No. 35 and 36 for 400 KV C&R panels of the
BOM in clause no. 20. (A) & (B). Bidders may please note that these discrete
relays are essentially required even though they form integral part of the
Numerical Differential relay.

8.3.3 OVERFLUXING RELAY:

Power transformer should trip for over fluxing condition to isolate both from
primary and secondary sides. Accordingly over fluxing relay should be provided in the
control panel on the HV side for transformer protection, with provision of alarm and trip
Contacts. Transformer has following over fluxing capacity and the offered relay shall be
suitable to provide minimum settings as detailed hereunder:

Over fluxing factor Duration.


1.40 5 sec
1.12 10 sec
1.15 15 sec.
1.25 60 sec.
1.10 continuous.

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Relay shall have inverse characteristics and should be equipped with high set unit to
operate in less than 5 seconds whenever over fluxing exceed than the set value by 1.1
above 1.4 times in step of 0.01. Over-fluxing relay shall have setting that may be
continuously adjustable or in steps (0.01), for over-fluxing ranging from 1.0 and upward.
Resetting value shall not be less than 0.95 of the operating value. Settings shall be
available in two stages. First stage auxiliary element operation shall be around 1 sec.
This stage shall be complete with auxiliary relay so that alarm/facia etc. could be
initiated. Thereafter in the second stage the auxiliary element shall operate after a
further adjustable time delay say 10 to 100 sec in step of 0.1 second. This stage shall
also be complete with auxiliary relay, which could be utilized for the tripping. Rating of
auxiliary relay shall be selected accordingly. Relay shall be complete with independent
operation indicator for the two stages. Bidders may please note that the basic setting on
the relay shall be with over fluxing factor with 1.1 and shall have continuous duration.
However, between the remaining two i.e. over fluxing factor of 1.25 or 1.40, anyone can
be utilized.

8.3.4 Numerical differential protection relays offered by the Bidders for 315 MVA,
400/220/33KV, 100 MVA 400/132/33 KV, 100 MVA 220KV/ 33 KV and 160MVA,
220/132/33KV Xmers shall have “a definite time over current relay” as a built-in feature
with variable setting range from 50 to 200 per cent of relay current alongwith a timer
having a setting range of 2.5 to 25.0 sec. This relay shall be utilized to function as
overload protection relay for 315 MVA,100 MVA 400/132/33 KV , 50 MVA 220KV/ 33
KV and 160MVA Xmers.

8.3.5. Other standard transformer protections such as gas operated Buchholz relay,
winding temperature, oil temperature, low oil Level, Pressure release devices, Oil surge
relay etc. will be provided by the purchaser with the transformer. Bidders have to make
provision for alarm annunciation and tripping. These standard protections will be
provided on the panels as stated above. There should be three number auxiliary r elay
for three number Pressure release device and Oil surge relay.

8.3.6 Besides the built in back-up protection in the Numerical Differential


Relay, an additional Numerical, Non Directional, Communicable, 3 O/C + 1
E/F Relay is envisaged on 315 MVA 400/220/33KV, 100 MVA 400/132/33 KV ,
100 MVA 220KV/ 33 KV and 160MVA, 220/132/33KV X-mer panels. Bidders
may please note this very carefully.

8.3.7 Offered relay shall have port type IRIG – B for time synchronisation.

8.3.8 It may please be noted that for preclose supervision and post close
supervision of trip coil six nos. Trip circuit supervision relay has to be
provided Separately even this is inbuilt feature of the relay.
8.3.9 It may please be noted that for D.C. supervision of the panel two nos DC
supervision relay has to be provided separately even this is inbuilt feature
of the relay.
8.3.10 It may please be noted that in Numerical relay provision to trigger
Oscillography through Master trip relay to be done by supplier.
8.3.11 It should be noted that Numerical differential relay, Aux. relay for
Buchholz relay, PRV, OSR and Master trip relay should have one number
spare contact for use in NIFPS system.

8.4 PROTECTION SCHEMES FOR 400KV & 220KV TRANSFER BUS COUPLER
APPLICATION:

MPPTCL/TECH/PROC/09/FEB18 83 C & R Panels


Vol.II Part-8/Section-II

Protection scheme for 400 KV & 220 KV TRANSFER BUS


COUPLER shall be identical to the LINE protection scheme specified
above at 8.2.1 as such all standard features required for the scheme
shall be provided. The mimic shall represent scheme for transfer bus
instead of line. It may also may please note that Distance protection
provided in the Transformer bus coupler feeder may have five groups
of setting for different feeders and there should be arrangement for
group selection by providing five bay switch through digital inputs.
Bus coupler panel shall have one number 6 way switch for selection
of setting of group in numerical relay through digital input.

MPPTCL/TECH/PROC/09/FEB18 84 C & R Panels