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NIGERIAN ELECTRICITY REGULATORY

COMMISSION

PROPOSED ENERGY EFFICIENCY LABELLING


STANDARDS

FOR
ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES
Aug-10 Electricity on Demand 1
LABELLING STANDARDS FOR APPLIANCES AND
EQUIPMENT

PART 1

(a)LUMINAIRES,
(b)ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS,
(c) REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS

Aug-10 Electricity on Demand 2


Introduction

Economic activities, worldwide, are inextricably


dependent on electrical appliances, instruments
and equipment and consumption of electricity is
rising rapidly.

One of the most cost-effective and proven methods


to curb rising electricity demand is to establish and
implement energy efficiency – based products
labelling standards.

This document is a discussion paper on such


standards for some household electrical
appliances.
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Goal of Appliance Labelling
The goal of an energy labelling programme is
to encourage consumer awareness and choice
in the purchase of an energy-using product or
appliance and thus shift the market toward
greater energy efficiency.

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What is Labeling
• Energy Labeling involves providing
information on the energy efficiency
performance of appliances.
• Energy Efficiency Labels are informative labels
affixed to manufactured products, indicating
the products energy performance.
• Labeling programmes may differ from country
to country but have a common purpose.

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Types of Labels
Endorsement Label
• Only informs user that the product meets
certain required standard.
• Points out that a product belongs to a certain
class.

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Types of Labels
Comparison Label
• Shows key information on energy efficiency
performance of a product for comparative
purposes.

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Need for EE Labelling Standards in Nigeria

It is necessary to develop and implement EE


Labelling Standards for electrical appliances,
equipment and machinery in order to
Provide consumers with relevant information on
the energy efficiency of common household
appliances.
Stop Nigeria from becoming a dumping ground
for inefficient appliances.
Reduce total electricity demand

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Need for EE Labeling in Nigeria cntd.
With proper information, purchasers will be
able to make informed decisions and avoid
substandard products, from the energy
conservation perspective.
• Energy Efficiency Labeling has been
implemented with success in many
jurisdictions, including Malaysia, Ghana,
Egypt, Tunisia, South Africa, Singapore, etc.
• Nigeria will benefit immensely if implemented
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Benefits of EE labeling Standards
• Creates awareness on energy efficiency
• Assists consumers to make purchase decisions
• Promotes quality and standards
• Encourages competition
• Makes savings from avoided electricity
billings/costs
• Creates job opportunities

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Energy Efficiency Labelling Standards for Luminaires, Room Air
Conditioners, Refrigerators and Freezers

This Appliance Labelling Standards regime will


require manufacturers, and suppliers of room air
conditioners, refrigerators, freezers and luminaires
to affix to each unit, an energy efficiency label
which meets the Energy Efficiency Labelling
requirements of the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory
Commission.
• Consumers will be encouraged to purchase only
labelled appliances, especially those with higher
energy efficiency ratings as they are more energy
conserving.
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Suggested Parameters for labeling Luminaires
(Lamps)
• Star rating
• Lamp Efficacy, in lumens per watt (lu/W)
• Lamp type
• Input power, in watts
• Name of manufacturer or company
• Lamp life, in hours
• Energy Consumption, in kWh/yr

The Label is to be printed on a prominent surface of


the lamp and where this is not possible, an
alternative location may be specially approved.
It shall also be printed on a prominent surface of the12
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package. Electricity on Demand
Suggested Parameters for labeling Room Air
Conditioners/Refrigerators/Freezers
• Star rating
• Model’s COP (EER)
• Cooling capacity in kW
• Name of manufacturer or company
• Model Number
• Refrigerant
• Energy Consumption per year (kWh/yr)

The Label is to be securely printed on a very


conspicuous and unobstructed surface of the unit,
and on the package, or elsewhere as may be specially
permitted.

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Appliance Labelling Requirements and Standards.

• Compliance with the appliance Labelling


Standards should be made voluntary for a period
of time, then become mandatory after the
voluntary period has elapsed.

• All energy labels must be as approved by the


Commission and all products within the scope of
the energy labelling regulations must be
registered.

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SUGGESTED RATING STANDARDS FOR NIGERIA
( Lamps )
Star Rating Efficiency Class Lamp Efficacy
(lu/W)
5 star Excellent >= 75
4 star Very good 65 – 74
3 star Good 55 – 64
2 star Fair 45 – 54
1 star Low 40 – 44
Not permitted
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- < 40 15
Comments on the Rating
• The ratings are based on lamp efficacy
• Suggested efficacy range is referenced to the minimum
efficacy of fluorescent lighting.
• Efficacies of incandescent bulbs are in the range of 5 –
35 lu/W.
• The values for fluorescent tubes are 50 – 104 lu/W.
• For CFLs, the values are 45 – 60 lu/W
• White LEDs have values of 26 – 70 lu/W, and up to 150
lu/W for prototypes.
• The table implies that incandescent bulbs are not rated

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Suggested Ratings for Room Air
Conditioners, Refrigerators and Freezers
Star Rating Efficiency Class COP ( = EER ) Rating

5 star excellent COP > 4.0

4 star Very good 3.6 <= COP < 4.0

3 star Good 3.2 <= COP < 3.6

2 star Fair 2.8 <= COP <3.2

1 star Low 2.5 <= COP < 2.8

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Compare this model with others
Uses least energy
4 This model uses xxxxx
xxxx kWh/yr

kWh/yr*

Appliance: xxxxxx
Type: xxxxxx
Manufacturer: xxxxxx
Uses most energy
Model Number: xxxxxx
xxxxx
Cooling Capacity: xxxxxx

Coefficient of Performance (COP)** xxxxx


*Based on xxxx hours use. Actual consumption may vary depending on your use of the product
**Coefficient of Performance is the quantity of cooling energy in Watts per Watt of power input.

Similar Models compared with: xxxxx

Test Standard Registration number on certificate of


registration
xxxxxx xxxxxx

Aug-10 DO NOT REMOVE THIS LABEL 18


Compare this model with others

This model uses xxxxx Uses least energy


5 kWh/yr*
xxxx kWh/yr

Appliance: xxxxxx
Type: xxxxxx
Manufacturer: xxxxxx
Uses most energy
Model Number: xxxxxx
xxxxx
Cooling Capacity: xxxxxx

Coefficient of Performance (COP)** xxxxx


*Based on xxxx hours use. Actual consumption may vary depending on your use of the product
**Coefficient of Performance is the quantity of cooling energy in Watts per Watt of power input.

Similar Models compared with: xxxxx

Test Standard Registration number on certificate of


registration
xxxxxx xxxxxx

Aug-10 DO NOT REMOVE THIS LABEL 19


Compare this model with others
Uses least energy
3 xxxx kWh/yr

Appliance: xxxxxx
This lamp uses xxxxx
Type: xxxxxx kWh/yr*
Manufacturer: xxxxxx
Flux (Lumens): xxxxxx
Uses most energy
Input Power (W): xxxxxx
xxxxx
Lamp Life (hours): xxxxxx

Lamp efficacy in Lumens per Watt** xxxxx


*Based on xxxx hours use. Actual consumption may vary depending on your use of the product
**Coefficient of Performance is the quantity of cooling energy in Watts per Watt of power input.

Similar Models compared with: xxxxx

Test Standard Registration number on certificate of


registration
xxxxxx xxxxxx

Aug-10 DO NOT REMOVE THIS LABEL 20


Compare this model with others

Appliance Type: xxxxxx 3


Manufacturer: xxxxxx
Input Power (W): xxxxxx
Frequency: xxxxxx
Voltage: xxxxxx
Lamp Life (hours): xxxxxx

Lamp efficacy in Lumens per Watt** xxxxx

**Lumens per Watt is the amount of light in Lumens produced per Watt of power input.

Test Standard Registration number on certificate of


registration
xxxxxx xxxxxx

DO NOT REMOVE THIS LABEL


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Compare this model with others

5
Appliance: xxxxxx
Type: xxxxxx
Manufacturer: xxxxxx
Model Number: xxxxxx
Cooling Capacity: xxxxxx

Energy Efficiency Rating (EER)** xxxxx


*Based on xxxx hours use. Actual consumption may vary depending on your use of the product
**Energy Efficiency Rating is the quantity of cooling energy in Watts per Watt of power input.

Similar Models compared with: xxxxx

Test Standard Registration number on certificate of


registration
xxxxxx xxxxxx

DO NOT REMOVE THIS LABEL

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LABELLING REQUIREMENTS
• All energy labels are expected to be as approved
by the Commission.
• All products within the scope of the energy
labeling regulations should be registered.
• Applications for product registration are to
include the following:

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Registration Requirements
• Performance test report or data, in
accordance with the standard testing and
reporting guidelines to be developed and
adopted by NERC
• Evidence that the relevant performance tests
were carried out in accordance with the
standard procedures.
• A sample label.
• The prescribed fee.
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Additional Requirements for Labels
• Labels shall be in the English language.
• Be enclosed in a box.
• Be printed on the packaging, with the print
and the background in colours that preserve
the legibility of the label, as prescribed in the
regulations.
• Be waterproof.
• All stars on the label shall be green against
white background.
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More Requirements for Lamps
The following are to be printed on the base or
on the surface of the lamp, whichever is more
convenient and shall not affect the luminance
of the lamp:
• Star rating
• Manufacturer
• Wattage
• Frequency and Voltage information
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Compliance Commencement
• Could be made voluntary for a period of time,
say two years.
• Thereafter, it becomes illegal to manufacture,
import, distribute, retail, sell or otherwise any
appliance which does not meet the minimum
requirements, or which does not carry the
required label.

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Case study for Nigeria
• Implementing Agency: NERC and/or - - - - -?
• Program Type: Comparative Labeling, Mandatory or
Voluntary ?
• Appliances to label: Refrigerators, freezers, room air
conditioners, CFLs, etc - - - -?
• Date to Commence Labeling: - - - - - - ?
• Primary Colours: Green Stars on White background,
black writing, etc - - - - -?
• Rating System: Efficiency rating (1 - 5 star, 5 best),
Energy (kWh/month) - - - - -?
• Approximate Dimension: - - - mm high, - - - mm wide?

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Incentives and Disincentives
• Place high duties on non-energy efficient
appliances like lamps, fridges, freezers, air-
conditioners, etc.
• Zero duties on energy efficient appliances for
a period of time to be recommended by NERC.
• Confiscate, destroy, fine or prosecute after the
period of voluntary compliance has elapsed.

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Local Manufacturers of EE Appliances
Should enjoy:
• Up to five-year tax holiday.
• Capital grants
• Loan guarantees
• Other forms of incentives

For EE lamps that contain mercury, designated


outlets shall be prepared for their disposal.
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Conclusion
• To ensure the success of the Energy Labelling
Programme, major key sector stakeholders should
be involved in the initiative.
• Workshops should be organised to involve major
appliance marketers and solicit their input on
implementation issues.
• The above contain the fundamental elements that
will be used for drawing up the Labelling Standards
and Regulations, in the appropriate language and
format.

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THANK YOU
Contact us at:
Adamawa Plaza, Plot 1099 First Avenue,
Off Shehu Shagari Way,
Central Business District,
Abuja
Website: www.nercng.org
E-mail: info@nercng.org
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