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Most people, have taken an antibiotic at one time or another.

We might take them for treat an


infection, and in our country we may have also taken them when they aren't indicated. For instance,
the common cold or the flu, both of which are caused by viruses, that will not respond to an
antibiotic.

Antibiotics are medicines used to prevent and treat bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance
occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines.

When people take antibiotics, the bacteria that are sensitive to the medicine are killed and then you
can get better, but there's some residual bacteria that, resist the medicine, and they can be left to
grow and multiply. And over time, as people have used antimicrobials, we have seen more and
more bacteria become resistant to them, and it's become very widespread. Now we have some
bacterial infections that are actually resistant to nearly all of our antibiotics that we have, and this
is a very serious situation, misuse of antibotics also make our harbor healthy bacteria. That called
the human microbiome-- they're both in our gut and all over our body. and when we take
unnecessary antibiotics, we kill some of the beneficial bacteria, and we may alter our microbiome
in ways we still don't understand very well.

Antibiotic resistance is accelerated by the misuse and overuse of antibiotics, as well as poor
infection prevention and control. Steps can be taken at all levels of society to reduce the impact
and limit the spread of resistance.

Individuals

To prevent and control the spread of antibiotic resistance, individuals can:

Only use antibiotics when prescribed by a certified health professional.

Never demand antibiotics if your health worker says you don’t need them.

Always follow your health worker’s advice when using antibiotics.

Never share or use leftover antibiotics.

Prevent infections by regularly washing hands, preparing food hygienically, avoiding close contact
with sick people, practisin safer sex, and keeping vaccinations up to date.

Prepare food hygienically, keep clean, separate raw and cooked, cook thoroughly, keep food at
safe temperatures, use safe water and raw materials