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# Penetration Depth, Maximum Bending Moment and Section Modulus Calculation for

## Height of the Firewater Pond, H ≔ 3.5 m

kN
Density of SM & ML Soil, (ASSHTO T99) γ ≔ 17 ――
m3

kN
Density of Saturated Soil, γsat ≔ 19 ――
m3

kN kN
Effective Unit Weight of Soil, γ' ≔ γsat - 9.81 ――3
= 9.19 ――
m m3
2
⎛ ⎛ ϕ ⎞⎞
Rankine Active Pressure Coefficient, (Das,2004)* Ka ≔ ⎜tan ⎜45 deg - ―deg⎟⎟ = 0.283
⎝ ⎝ 2 ⎠⎠
2
⎛ ⎛ ϕ ⎞⎞
Rankine Passive Pressure Coefficient, (Das,2004)* Kp ≔ ⎜tan ⎜45 deg + ―deg⎟⎟ = 3.537
⎝ ⎝ 2 ⎠⎠

## According to (TMC Document)** The Equivalent Fluid Pressures are:

HW
EFPa1 ≔ 5.7 kPa ⋅ ―― = 11.4 kPa
1m

HW
EFPa2 ≔ 5.7 kPa ⋅ ―― = 11.4 kPa
1m

HW H
EFPa3 ≔ 3.1 kPa ⋅ ―― + 2.5 kPa ⋅ ―= 14.95 kPa
m m

HW H
EFPa4 ≔ 3 kPa ⋅ ―― + 2.2 kPa ⋅ ―= 13.7 kPa
m m

HW H
EFPa5 ≔ 3 kPa ⋅ ―― + 2.2 kPa ⋅ ―+ 2.5 D
m m

EFPp ≔ 40 ⋅ D
Penetration Depth, Maximum Bending Moment and Section Modulus Calculation for

## Pressure Due to Uniformly Distributed Surcharge

(12kPa), (TMC Document)** SRC ≔ 12 kPa ⋅ 0.4 = 4.8 kPa
1 kN
P1 ≔ ―⋅ EFPa1 ⋅ HW = 11.4 ――
2 m

kN
P2 ≔ EFPa2 ⋅ ⎛⎝H - HW⎞⎠ = 17.1 ――
m

1 kN
P3 ≔ ―⋅ ((EFPa3 - EFPa2)) ⋅ ⎛⎝H - HW⎞⎠ = 2.663 ――
2 m

1 kN
P4 ≔ ―GWT ⋅ ⎛⎝H - HW⎞⎠ = 11.025 ――
2 m

kN
P5 ≔ SRC ⋅ H = 16.8 ――
m
Penetration Depth, Maximum Bending Moment and Section Modulus Calculation for

DAssume ≔ 6.61 m

⎛ DAssume ⎞
EFPp ≔ ⎜40 ⋅ ――― ⎟ kPa = 264.4 kPa
⎝ m ⎠

DAssume
GWTp ≔ 9.8 kPa ⋅ ――― = 64.778 kPa
m

HW H
EFPa4 ≔ 3 kPa ⋅ ―― + 2.2 kPa ⋅ ―= 13.7 kPa
m m

HW H DAssume
EFPa5 ≔ 3 kPa ⋅ ―― + 2.2 kPa ⋅ ―+ 2.5 kPa ⋅ ――― = 30.225 kPa
m m m
GWT ≔ 14.7 kPa
⎛⎝H - HW + DAssume⎞⎠
GWTa ≔ 9.8 kPa ⋅ ―――――― = 79.478 kPa
m

## Factor of Safety, FS ≔ 1.5

EFPR.p
σ5 ≔ ――― = 143.117 kPa
FS

EFPR.a ⋅ DAssume
x ≔ ―――――― = 1.245 m
σ5 + EFPR.a

L3 ≔ x = 1.245 m

DAssume - x = 5.365 m
1 kN
PEFPr.a ≔ ―⋅ EFPR.a ⋅ x = 20.661 ――
2 m

1 kN
PEFPr.p ≔ ―⋅ σ5 ⋅ ⎛⎝DAssume - x⎞⎠ = 383.936 ――
2 m
Penetration Depth, Maximum Bending Moment and Section Modulus Calculation for

kN
P ≔ P1 + P2 + P3 + P4 + P5 + PEFPr.a = 79.649 ――
m

## 1 ⎛ ⎛ 2 HW ⎞ ⎛ H - HW ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎛⎝H - HW⎞⎠ ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎛⎝H - HW⎞⎠ ⎞ ⎛H⎞ ⎛ x ⎞⎞

z1 ≔ ―⋅ ⎜P1 ⋅ ⎜――⎟ + P2 ⋅ ⎜HW + ―――⎟ + P3 ⋅ ⎜HW + ――――⎟ + P4 ⋅ ⎜HW + ――――⎟ + P5 ⋅ ⎜―⎟ + PEFPr.a ⋅ ⎜H + ―⎟⎟ = 2.681 m
P ⎝ ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠⎠

z ≔ H + x - z1 = 2.063 m

σ5
A1 ≔ ―――― = 4.785 m (Das,2004)*
γ' ⋅ ⎛⎝Kp - Ka⎞⎠

8⋅P
A2 ≔ ―――― = 21.305 m ⋅ m (Das,2004)*
γ' ⋅ ⎛⎝Kp - Ka⎞⎠

## 6 P ⋅ ⎛⎝2 ⋅ z ⋅ γ' ⋅ ⎛⎝Kp - Ka⎞⎠ + σ5⎞⎠

A3 ≔ ――――――――― 2
= 142.396 m 2 ⋅ m (Das,2004)*
⎛⎝γ' ⋅ ⎛⎝Kp - Ka⎞⎠⎞⎠
P ⋅ ⎛⎝6 ⋅ z ⋅ σ5 + 4 P⎞⎠
A4 ≔ ―――――― 2
= 186.124 m 4 (Das,2004)*
⎛⎝γ' ⋅ ⎛⎝Kp - Ka⎞⎠⎞⎠
⎡ -4.5982063431622227578 ⎤
solve ⎢ -2.4050136735831461618 ⎥
L4 4 + a1 ⋅ L4 3 - a2 ⋅ L4 2 - a3 ⋅ L4 - a4 ＝ 0 ―― →⎢ ⎥
⎢ 5.3587513264109621999 ⎥
⎣ -3.1407466416392595803 ⎦
L4 ≔ 5.3587 m
DAssume = 6.61 m
Dtheory ≔ L3 + L4 = 6.603 m (Check with D.assume)

## Dactual ≔ 1.3 ⋅ Dtheory = 8.584 m (Das,2004)*

L ≔ H + Dactual = 12.084 m
Penetration Depth, Maximum Bending Moment and Section Modulus Calculation for

‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
2P
z' ≔ ―――― = 2.308 m (Das,2004)*
γ' ⋅ ⎝Kp - Ka⎞⎠

⎛1 ⎞ z' kN ⋅ m
Mmax ≔ P ⋅ ((z + z')) - ⎜―⋅ γ' ⋅ z' 2 ⎛⎝Kp - Ka⎞⎠⎟ ⋅ ―= 286.877 ――― (Das,2004)*
⎝2 ⎠ 3 m

MN ⎛ kN
Allowable Flexural Stress of The Sheet Pile, σall ≔ 172 ――2
= ⎝1.72 ⋅ 10 5 ⎞⎠ ――
m m2

## Section Modulus of The Sheet Pile Required

Mmax m3
per Unit Length of The Structure, S ≔ ――= ⎛⎝1.66789 ⋅ 10 -3⎞⎠ ――
σall m

Reference

## * Das, B. M. (2004). Principles of foundation engineering. Pacific Grove, CA: Thomson/Brooks/

Cole. 8th Edition, Chapter 14, pp: 709-730

## ** TMC Document # 01-13283-TS-ST00-CS-GTD-0006 R0

Penetration Depth, Maximum Bending Moment and Section Modulus Calculation for