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English Pedagogical Module 1

Let's learn about science and technology

Curricular threads: Communication and Cultural Awareness, Lenguage Through the Art, Reading, Writing, Oral Communication.

Simple past 5 Greatest 6 Sciencie Invention Simple present 4 Language Science Social Studies Simple
Simple past
5
Greatest
6
Sciencie Invention
Simple present
4
Language
Science
Social Studies
Simple Present
and Simple Past:
Computer parts
3
7
sentences and
questions
It’s All
Dates and years
2
About
A science
Science
8
experiment
Frequency
1
adverbs
Values
Education
10
9
Interculturality
for change
English

You can be a scientist or an inventor!

Try things out and explore. Be curious:

through observation and questions you can discover new things. Learn from mistakes, as they can provide opportunities to refine your ideas and hypotheses. Don’t forget to use items you have at home to always experiment and explore.

Freepik / user10320847
Freepik / user10320847
and hypotheses. Don’t forget to use items you have at home to always experiment and explore.
and hypotheses. Don’t forget to use items you have at home to always experiment and explore.

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Lesson A

Communication and Cultural Awareness

Inventions around the world

Most of these famous inventors were born in the United States of América, and most
Most of these famous
inventors were born in the
United States of América,
and most inventions
occurred in the 20th
century. Marie Curie was
one of the few women
scientists and the first
woman to win
a Nobel Prize.
Freepik / brgfx

1. Work in pairs. Look at the pictures and write the names under the pictures. There is one extra name.

the first airplane, radioactivity, microscope, printing press, Apple Inc., telephone , the Internet, light bulb

Wikimedia Commons / Graferocommons Wikimedia Commons / Ed Uthman Freepik / somchaison Freepik/ user5356356 Freepik
Wikimedia Commons /
Graferocommons
Wikimedia Commons /
Ed Uthman
Freepik / somchaison
Freepik/ user5356356
Freepik / happyaprillboy
Freepik / your-photo
Freepik / laser

2. Listen to the audio. Match the invention with its year.

Apple Inc.

 

1906

The internet

1969

Radioactivity

1976

Light bulb

 

1903

The first airplane flight

1911

Telephone

 

1450

Printing press

1876

1911 Telephone   1450 Printing press 1876 Vocabulary 3. Listen and check ( ) the years

Vocabulary

3. Listen and check (

) the years you hear.Printing press 1876 Vocabulary 3. Listen and check ( 1 2002 1911 2 1989 1450 3

1 2002

1 2002

1911

1911

2 1989

2 1989

1450

1450

3 1903

3 1903

1913

1913

4 1876

4 1876

2019

2019
Freepik
Freepik
1450 3 1903 1913 4 1876 2019 Freepik radium . a radioactive chemical element that is
1450 3 1903 1913 4 1876 2019 Freepik radium . a radioactive chemical element that is
1450 3 1903 1913 4 1876 2019 Freepik radium . a radioactive chemical element that is

radium. a radioactive chemical element that is used in the treatment of some diseases.

polonium. a radioactive chemical element that is found in uranium.

radioactivity. the quality that some atoms have of producing a type of energy that can be very harmful to health.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

2

Oral Communication

The History of Computers

1. Match the words in the box with pictures 1-10. Write the number next to each word.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Freepik / macrovector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Freepik / macrovector
laptop mouse monitor keyboard printer scanner flash memory computer tower headphones tablet
laptop
mouse
monitor
keyboard
printer
scanner
flash memory
computer tower
headphones
tablet

Date

 

Event

 

1833

Charles Babbage developed the parts of a computer.

1936

   

, the first

Konrad Zuse invented the computer in human history.

 

1939

Konrad Zuse made the Z2: that is considered the

first

 

computer.

Computers were as big as a large room.  

Computers were as big as a large room.

 
Computers appeared the way we know them today.

Computers appeared the way we know them today.

Freepik / watcartoon
Freepik / watcartoon

Simple past

 

We talk about finished actions and events in the past.

Regular verbs: ed / d call - called appear - appeared invent - invented create – created

Irregular verbs:

make - made

4. Listen and say the words.

/d/. called, appeared, named /t/. developed /id/. invented, created

2. Listen and fill in complete the blanks in the table.

3. Listen again.

a. Is the History of Computers about the past or the present?

b. What is the past form of these verbs?: invent, call, make

c. Which two verbs adove do you hear?

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Freepik

Reading The Human Brain vs. Computers The human brain is an amazing organ. It is
Reading
The Human Brain vs. Computers
The human brain is an amazing organ. It is faster
than any machine and directs and controls all of your
movements. Your brain commands your muscles by telling
them how and when to move. You can feel different emotions
and protect yourself from dangerous situations, thanks to your
brain’s instructions.
When you sleep, your brain does not stop working. There are
billions of tiny little cells called neurons inside your brain.
Neurons control your body’s chemical and
electrical messages.
Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2XmAXwX
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1. Read. Write (B) for human brain or (C) for computer. Some sentences are true for both.

 

a. It stores information. B, C

b. It needs energy.

   

c. It’s easy to fix.

 

d. You cannot turn it off.

 

e. You can restart it.

 

f. It uses chemicals.

 

2. Read the text. Check the sentences that are true.

 

a. Machines are faster than the human brain.

a. Machines are faster than the human brain.

b. When you sleep your brain also rests.

b. When you sleep your brain also rests.

c. Your brain controls everything that happens in your body.

c. Your brain controls everything that happens in your body.

d. The brain contains thousands of nerve cells.

d. The brain contains thousands of nerve cells.

e. The brain sends and receives messages all the time.

 
e. The brain sends and receives messages all the time.  
 
sends and receives messages all the time.     Vocabulary store . to keep something for

Vocabulary

store. to keep something for future use.

turn (something) off. to stop the operation or flow of something.

asleep. sleeping or not awake.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

3. Our brain is a fantastic control center. How do you imagine this “control center”? Draw a picture.

3. Our brain is a fantastic control center. How do you imagine this “control center”? Draw
3. Our brain is a fantastic control center. How do you imagine this “control center”? Draw
3. Our brain is a fantastic control center. How do you imagine this “control center”? Draw
3. Our brain is a fantastic control center. How do you imagine this “control center”? Draw

4

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Writing

1. Read about the discovery of the face mask of Tutankhamen.

a. Complete the sentences with the past form of the verb in the box. There is one extra verb.

b. Number the events in the correct order.

die go
die
go

discover

work become use make
work
become
use
make

The face mask of Tutankhamen

Freepik / vichailao
Freepik / vichailao

Howard Carter was born in 1874 in England.use make The face mask of Tutankhamen Freepik / vichailao The tomb Tutankhamen In 1891, Carter

The tomb/ vichailao Howard Carter was born in 1874 in England. Tutankhamen In 1891, Carter Tutankhamen The

TutankhamenHoward Carter was born in 1874 in England. The tomb In 1891, Carter Tutankhamen The Egyptians

In 1891, CarterCarter was born in 1874 in England. The tomb Tutankhamen Tutankhamen The Egyptians Carter In 1922,

Tutankhamenin 1874 in England. The tomb Tutankhamen In 1891, Carter The Egyptians Carter In 1922, Carter

The Egyptiansin England. The tomb Tutankhamen In 1891, Carter Tutankhamen Carter In 1922, Carter 50,000 gold and

Cartertomb Tutankhamen In 1891, Carter Tutankhamen The Egyptians In 1922, Carter 50,000 gold and silver objects

In 1922, CarterTutankhamen In 1891, Carter Tutankhamen The Egyptians Carter 50,000 gold and silver objects inside. when he

Carter Tutankhamen The Egyptians Carter In 1922, Carter 50,000 gold and silver objects inside. when he

50,000 gold and silver objects inside.

when he was nineteen.

toEgypt.

king when he was nine years old.

his face mask of gold.

king when he was nine years old. his face mask of gold. in Egypt as an
king when he was nine years old. his face mask of gold. in Egypt as an
king when he was nine years old. his face mask of gold. in Egypt as an
king when he was nine years old. his face mask of gold. in Egypt as an
king when he was nine years old. his face mask of gold. in Egypt as an

in Egypt as an archaeologist.

old. his face mask of gold. in Egypt as an archaeologist. the tomb of Tutankhamen. Stephenson

the tomb of Tutankhamen.

Stephenson H., Dummett P. and Hughes J. 2015. Life Level 2 Student Book. Boston, USA: National Geographic Learning/Cengage Learning.

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Freepik

c. Write a paragraph of 20 words about The Face Mask of Tutankhamen. Connect some of your ideas with and.

Simple past We talk about finished actions and events in the past. More irregular verbs:
Simple past
We talk about finished actions and events
in the past.
More irregular verbs:
Irregular verbs:
ed / d
discover - discovered
die - died
work - worked
become - became
go - went
make - made
have - had
worked become - became go - went make - made have - had Vocabulary silver .

Vocabulary

silver. a chemical element that is a valuable shiny, white metal, used for making jewelry, coins, and decorative objects.

tomb. a large underground room where someone is buried.

archaeologist. someone who studies the buildings, tombs, tools, and other objects of people who lived in the past.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

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5

Language through the Arts

Language through the Arts Leonardo the Artist and Scientist Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian genius.

Leonardo the Artist and Scientist

Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian genius. He was born in the town of Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian genius. He was born
in the town of Vinci on April 15, 1452.
He was an artist, sculptor, inventor, scientist,
mathematician, architect, and engineer. His interest
in science and nature had an effect on his work.
Leonardo Da Vinci is well-known around the world for
his drawings and paintings. The Mona Lisa is his most
popular piece of art. You can see it in the Louvre
Museum in Paris.
People are not sure about who the Mona Lisa is and
there are different theories; for example, that she was
the wife of a salesman, or even that some believe that
she represents the self-portrait of Leonardo as a woman.
Da Vinci kept the Mona Lisa until he died on May 2,
1519 in France.
Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2L0Ixqq
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1. Are these sentences TRUE (T) or FALSE (F)? 2. Color the Mona Lisa. Use
1. Are these sentences TRUE (T) or FALSE (F)?
2. Color the Mona Lisa. Use the colors in the key.
a. Leonardo da Vinci is
famous for his music.
2
2
b. You can see the Mona Lisa
in the Louvre Museum.
3
5
c. One theory says that the
Mona Lisa is the portrait of
DaVinci’s wife.
4
4
1
5
1
d. Another theory states that
the Mona Lisa is the self-
portrait of the artist.
5
3
5
3
6
e. Leonardo Da Vinci
died in Italy.
6
4
1
2
3
1
Pair work. Discuss this with
a classmate. What’s missing
on Mona Lisa’s face?
Key
1. Dark Blue
2. Light Blue
3. Brown
4. Ligth Brown
5. Green
6. Yellow
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Oral Communication

Freepik / pixabay
Freepik / pixabay
Freepik / Pixabay
Freepik / Pixabay

Vocabulary

Communication Freepik / pixabay Freepik / Pixabay Vocabulary portrait . a painting, photograph, drawing, etc. of

portrait. a painting, photograph, drawing, etc. of a person.

lips. one of the two soft, red edges of the mouth.

eyebrows. the line of short hairs above each eye in humans.

rich. having a lot of money.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

7

1. Listen to an audio about the Mona Lisa. Num- ber the topics in order from 1-3.

The self-portrait of Da Vinciabout the Mona Lisa. Num- ber the topics in order from 1-3. How long it took

How long it took to paint the Mona Lisathe topics in order from 1-3. The self-portrait of Da Vinci The portrait of a woman

The portrait of a womanof Da Vinci How long it took to paint the Mona Lisa 2. Listen again and

2. Listen again and choose the correct option.

There are / aren’t many theories about the Mona Lisa.

The Mona Lisa is probably the portrait of a rich / poor woman.

It took two / four years to complete the painting.

The painting isn’t finished because the woman doesn’t have lips / eyebrows.

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Lesson B

Communication and Cultural Awareness

Robots and Technology

B Communication and Cultural Awareness Robots and Technology Artificial Intelligence - AI Computers or robots that
B Communication and Cultural Awareness Robots and Technology Artificial Intelligence - AI Computers or robots that

Artificial Intelligence - AI

Computers or robots that find solutions to problems are called “intelligent”. Artificial intelligence is when computers can perform human actions.

Computers only use logic to solve a problem. Humans use other abilities to make a decision. They use their imagination, emotion, and values.

Adapted from:https://bit.ly/2JKUWMG

Simple present:

(I / you / we / they)

I use a cell phone.

I don’t have a robot.

Robots do the heavy work.

They don’t make decisions.

/ they) I use a cell phone. I don’t have a robot. Robots do the heavy

1. Read this information about robots Are they good or bad? Complete the chart with good and bad things about robots.

 

Do difficult and dangerous jobs - Don’t make decisions - Don’t get sick or grow old - Take people’s jobs - Do the heavy and repetitive work - Don’t express emotion - Help people with disabilities - Don’t eat or sleep - Make the world a better place

 

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2FpYzXd

Good things about robots

Bad things about robots

Look at the two sentences about robots. What is the main verb? What auxiliary verb do you add for a negative sentence?

Robots take people’s jobs.

Robots don’t eat or sleep.

2. Choose the correct form to make these sentences true for you.

 

a. I have / don’t have a robot.

b. I sleep / don’t sleep a lot.

c. I eat / don’t eat a lot of fruit.

d. I help / don’t help my parents at home.

e. I make / don’t make decisions.

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Oral Communication

1.

3.

Listen to a news report about the invention of an assistant robot. Circle the activities that the assistant robot can do.

The Assistant Robot (AR):

walks in the park.

plays with the children.

helps with the house chores.

makes the bed.

goes shopping.

prepares breakfast.

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walks your dog.

serves breakfast in bed.

cleans the floor.

Gina has the AR (Assistant Robot). She is telling the reporter how the robot helps her with chores.

2. Underline all the verbs about the AR. Then answer the questions:

a. It always puts the dishes in the washing machine.

b. The AR sometimes cleans the floor.

c. It often serves breakfast in bed.

d. It doesn’t usually clean the windows.

e. It never cooks.

f. It doesn’t often do the laundry.

In affirmative sentences how does the verb change for he /she /it?

In negative sentences what auxiliary verb do

you add?

Put the adverbs of frequency in the correct place on the time line.

sometimes

usually

never often
never
often

always

0% 100% sometimes Simple present (he/she/it) He polishes the floor. The AR serves breakfast in
0%
100%
sometimes
Simple present
(he/she/it)
He polishes the floor.
The AR serves breakfast in bed.
He doesn’t do the laundry.
The AR doesn’t clean
the windows.
Vocabulary
household. household: group of
people, often a family, who
live together.
chores. a job or piece of work that
is often boring or unpleasant.
laundry. the dirty clothes that need
to be washed.
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Language through the Arts One movie about robots is called BIG HERO 6. It is
Language through the Arts
One movie about robots is
called
BIG HERO 6.
It is a
Disney animated movie. A teenager called
Hiro interacts with Baymax, an
inflatable
robot nurse.
Hiro’s older brother, Tadashi, designed
a chip for
Baymax’s artificial
Adverbs of frequency
intelligence. This nurse robot
always cares for people and treats any
Baymax is often soft, calm and attentive.
• The nurse robot never
harms people.
• He sometimes gets distracted.
health problem.
Baymax is usually devoted to
He is also very curious; that
sometimes is distracted. He
his patients.
is why he
is often soft, calm
and attentive,
but his personality sometimes
changes
with another chip
that gives him
the ability to fight. But Baymax never harms
1. Read and underline all the frequency
adverbs in the text.
people.
The robot
becomes a hero and the
teenager’s best friend.
from: https://bit.ly/2L0Ixqq
Adapted
Flickr / BagoGames
Freepik / brgfx

2. Read the text again. Choose the correct option

Baymax never / care of people.

Hiro the robot’s chip.

The nurse robot is always / calm.

He doesn’t sometimes / pay attention.

always / calm. • He doesn’t sometimes / pay attention. takes never changes Freepik / jehsomwang

takes

never changes

He doesn’t sometimes / pay attention. takes never changes Freepik / jehsomwang Vocabulary devoted . extremely
He doesn’t sometimes / pay attention. takes never changes Freepik / jehsomwang Vocabulary devoted . extremely
He doesn’t sometimes / pay attention. takes never changes Freepik / jehsomwang Vocabulary devoted . extremely
Freepik / jehsomwang
Freepik / jehsomwang
/ pay attention. takes never changes Freepik / jehsomwang Vocabulary devoted . extremely loving and loyal.

Vocabulary

devoted. extremely loving and loyal.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

loving and loyal. Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z Speaking Pair work. Would you like to have a robot

Speaking

Pair work. Would you like to have a robot like Baymax? Imagine you have a robot. Describe what he does. Use frequency adverbs.

My robot always cleans my room.

My robot is never angry.

10

Oral Communication Pair work. Can you think of a good and useful invention for school?
Oral Communication
Pair work. Can you think of a good
and useful invention for school?
Discuss it with a classmate.
1.
Listen to two descriptions of children’s
inventions for school.
2.
Read the sentences about the children’s inventions and write
True (T) or False (F).
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a. Megan’s invention is a desk with a robot arm.

b. Grace’s invention has a disco ball.

c. Megan’s invention helps you with Math.

d. Grace’s robot is in sleep mode.

e. The robot arm hypnotizes the teacher.

Speaking Pair work. Which of the two inventions do you like more? Why? Tell your
Speaking
Pair work. Which of the two
inventions do you like more?
Why? Tell your classmate.
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Reading

1. What jobs do you think robots can do? Write as many different jobs as you can in the box.

pilot

Robots

as many different jobs as you can in the box. pilot Robots A robot is a

A robot is a machine that obeys computer orders. It moves and follows instructions.

Robots do not get tired and are usually precise and correct.

We can see robots everywhere. Some robots help make things like cars; others explore dangerous places like volcanoes. Robots help clean things or find objects underwater. Most ro- bots look like machines and not like human beings.

In the past, people also thought about robots. More than 2,000 years ago, Homer, the well-known poet, referred to robots in his work. His imaginary golden robots cleaned things and created things. There were not any authentic robots until 1961. Unimate was the first real robot; it was a giant arm that helped make cars.

In the next few decades we will be surrounded by robots. They will do tasks that people cannot do or that are too dangerous. Robots will help us fighting wars, fires or sicknesses, and they will make life better.

Retrieved from: www.ReadTheory.org © Copyright Read Theory LLC, 2012. All rights reserved.

2. Decide if each sentence is True or false. Correct the false ones.

a. These days, robots can be used to explore volcanoes.

a. These days, robots can be used to explore volcanoes. b. Paragraph 2 explains how easy

b. Paragraph 2 explains how easy it is to make a robot.

c. The first real robot was made 2000 years ago.

d. The author’s feeling about robots is that they are dangerous.

12

3. Read again and analyze this question. Do you agree with the idea that robots will help make life better? Why or Why not?

idea that robots will help make life better? Why or Why not? 4 . Imagine you

4 . Imagine you have a robot to help you at home and school. Which three jobs would you like your robot to do?

a.

b.

c

three jobs would you like your robot to do? a. b. c Speaking Pair work. How

Speaking

Pair work. How do you imagine your own robot? Draw apicture

and describe it to your classmate.

Pair work. How do you imagine your own robot? Draw apicture and describe it to your
Pair work. How do you imagine your own robot? Draw apicture and describe it to your

Writing

Freepik / tigatelu
Freepik / tigatelu
A Fun Experiment: Sink or swim? with things that we can We can do this
A Fun Experiment: Sink or swim?
with things that we can
We can do this experiment
experiment,
find in the house. For this
you need one
peeled
pitcher of water and two oranges: one
unpeeled.
We
and put
one the
oranges
in
which
the water
and we see
Can
you guess?
orange sinks and which one floats.
in
do
the water. What
First, put the unpeeled orange
you see?
is sinking!
Then,
test
orange.
you It can
the peeled
What happens?
It floats! The air in the
unpeeled orange makes
it float
and it doesn’t sink.

1. Read the experiment again, and number the pictures in the correct order (1-4).

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2. Write a paragraph of 25 - 30 words. Put the sentences in the correct order to describe the experiment’s process. Use: first, then, next, after that, and finally to make the order clear.

In affirmative sentences, how does the verb change for he /she /it? Tip Freepik /
In affirmative sentences,
how does the verb change
for he /she /it?
Tip
Freepik / macrovector
verb change for he /she /it? Tip Freepik / macrovector Vocabulary pitcher . a container for

Vocabulary

pitcher. a container for liquids.

peel. to remove the skin of fruits and vegetables.

sink. to go to the bottom of a liquid.

float. to stay on the surface of a liquid.

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13

Assessment

Reading and Grammar

1. Complete the text with the simple past of the verbs in the box. There
1. Complete the text with the simple past of the verbs in the box.
There is one extra verb.
move
be x 2
help
motivate
live
experiment
love
dedicated
use
Alexander Graham Bell was born in 1847 in Scotland. Young
Alexander (1)
curious about the science of sound.
He (2)
music and taught himself to play the
piano. When he (3)
to lose her hearing and that (4)
a teenager, his mother began
him to learn
more about sound. In 1871, he (5)
the United States and (6)
inventions. He (7)
to Boston in
his time to his
with a telegraph and
(8)
different sound frequencies. He believed that it
was possible to send the human voice over wires. In 1874,
he met Thomas Watson, an electrical designer and mechanic
who (9)
him with his work. In 1876 he made the
first
telephone.
Adapted form: https://bit.ly/29yWECk
2. Read the text in Exercise 1 again. Answer the questions in a
complete sentence.
a. Where was Alexander Graham Bell born?
b. Who was Thomas Watson?
c. Where was Bell in 1871?
d. Why was Bell interested in learning about sound?
e. When was the first telephone invented?
3. Listen to the biography of Alexander Graham Bell.
Check (
) the years you hear.
a.
1847
- 1827
b.
1871
- 1925
c.
1784
- 1874
d.
1876
- 1878
Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
- 1925 c. 1784 - 1874 d. 1876 - 1878 Wikimedia Commons Freepik Speaking 4. Think
Freepik
Freepik

Speaking

4. Think of your favorite invention. Talk to a classmate about it. Use these sentences.
4. Think of your favorite
invention. Talk to a
classmate about it. Use
these sentences.
•My favorite invention is
•I like it because
•It is
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Assessment

Let's learn about science and technology

Reading and grammar

Hanson Robotics Hanson Robotics
Hanson Robotics
Hanson Robotics
Little Sophia It is an innovation in robotics designed by Hanson Robotics Limited. She is
Little Sophia
It is an innovation in robotics designed by Hanson Robotics Limited. She
is an intelligent robot who loves to play and interact with children.
She was created especially for girls who are 7 to 13 years old. Little
Sophia is the perfect educational friend because she helps children learn
new things in robotics, science,technology, and math.
Little Sophia shows different emotions. She can be happy, sad, angry, etc.
She can have a conversation and interact by talking, singing, or telling
jokes. Little Sophia is also a great Artificial Intelligence (AI)
home assistant.
Retrieved from: https://bly/2XpXNDT

1. Read the article. What is it about? Choose the correct answer (a-c).

a. The benefits of Artificial Intelligence.

b. Little Sophia’s inventors.

c. The characteristics of the Little Sophia innovation.

2. Complete the chart with Little Sophia’s description and actions.

Description

Actions

intelligent

helps kids learn

Writing

Write a short description of 25 - 30 about what Little Sophia does. Use: first,
Write a short description of 25 - 30 about
what Little Sophia does. Use: first, then, next,
after that, and finally to organize your ideas.

I’m completing this self-evaluation based on what I learned in the module.

Self-evaluation

I check

Self-evaluation I check the box that most applies to me

the box that most applies to me

Topics

I do it very well

I do it somewhat well

I can improve

I can’t do it without help

I

can use the simple past in affirmative sentences.

       

can use vocabulary related to inventions and robots

I

       

can use understand routines and frequency adverbs.

I

       

15

Project 1 My Experiment! 1. Think of an easy and interesting Science experiment that you

Project 1

My Experiment!

1. Think of an easy and interesting Science experiment that you want to explain to
1. Think of an easy and interesting Science experiment that you
want to explain to the class.
1. Think of an easy and interesting Science experiment that you
2. want Describe to explain the materials to the class. you need.
2. Describe the materials you need.
3. Present
the
experiment
to
the
class.
You
can
use
images
or real objects.
3. Present
the
experiment
to
the
class.
You
can
use
images
4. or Show real objects. the result of the experiment.
4. Show the result of the experiment.
Freepik / user10320847

In the process explanation, use first, then, next, after that, and finally to make the order clear.

Include frequency adverbs in the experiment’s description (always, usually, often, sometimes, never.)

Draw and explain each step of the experiment.

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16 161616

Review

Grammar and Reading 1. Read about the Face of Cleopatra. Complete the sentences with the
Grammar and Reading
1. Read about the Face of Cleopatra.
Complete the sentences with the past
form of the verbs in the box. There is one
extra verb.
live
become
be
disappear
try
have
make
be born
invent
The Face of Cleopatra
Cleopatra
2000 years ago. She
when she
in Egypt more than
a queen
only 18 years old. She
is famous because people read about her in
history books. She appears as a beautiful
woman in paintings and even in movies.
The face of Cleopatra is a mystery.
She
city
in Alexandria, but this
and now it
is underwater. Archeologists
to
find the face of the queen in the objects
under the water.
Historians talk about her power, but do
not know about her appearance. Different
people probably
her
image. The only evidence of Cleopatra’s
face is on some coins from Alexandria. On
those coins the queen
like
someone with a large nose and a long neck.

Grammar and Listening

2. Listen and say these past forms. Then write them in the correct column on
2.
Listen and say these past forms. Then write
them in the correct column on the chart.
tried - disappeared - looked - became -
was born - was - lived
/d/
/t/
/id/
irregular
verbs
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Let's learn about science and technology

Vocabulary

1. Write the descriptions (a – h) with the parts of a computer. 1 2
1. Write the descriptions (a – h) with the parts
of a computer.
1
2
3
4
5
6
a. It shows words or pictures.
b. You press to make it work.
c. You move across a surface in order
to move a cursor.
d. You can listen to music without
other people hearing.
e. It uses ink.
f. You connect to printers, scanners
and digital cameras. It saves
information
Freepik / macrovector

Listening

1. Listen and mark ( Then listen and repeat. ) the years you hear. a.
1. Listen and mark (
Then listen and repeat.
) the years you hear.
a. 2002
- 2020
b. 1415
- 1450
c. 1904
- 1914
d. 1876
- 1976
Freepik / user592403

17

Lesson C

Communication and Cultural Awareness

World and Science

NASA is the abbreviation for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It is the US government
NASA is the abbreviation for National
Aeronautics and Space Administration.
It is the US government organization
that is responsible for space travel and
the scientific study of space. It began in
1958 and sent the first man to the
moon in 1969.
Freepik / pikisuperstar

1. Complete the text with the past tense of the verbs in the box. There is one extra verb.

dream do be get see
dream
do
be
get
see
motivate teach travel go
motivate
teach
travel
go

The first woman in space

Sally Ride was the first American woman to go to space.

She job in NASA. She

shuttle in 1983.

She

to launch satellites. Her trip to space women to follow her example.

satellites. Her trip to space women to follow her example. a doctor in Physics and a

a doctor in Physics and

space women to follow her example. a doctor in Physics and a in the Challenger space

a

space women to follow her example. a doctor in Physics and a in the Challenger space
space women to follow her example. a doctor in Physics and a in the Challenger space

in the Challenger space

scientific experiments and helped

She
She

into space in 1984 for the second

time, and later there were other women in

space. As a result, more people

becoming astronauts and traveling to space.

more people becoming astronauts and traveling to space. of Vocabulary shuttle . a vehicle or aircraft

of

more people becoming astronauts and traveling to space. of Vocabulary shuttle . a vehicle or aircraft

Vocabulary

shuttle. a vehicle or aircraft that travels regularly between two places.

launch. an occasion when a spacecraft is sent into space for the first time.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

2. Complete the table with the correct verb forms. Choose three verbs and write three sentences in the past about you or people you know.

18

Simple Past

(Irregular verbs)

Base form

be (am/is/are)

do

got

go

see

taught

Freepik / grmarc Prohibida su venta. Ministerio de Educación
Freepik / grmarc
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Oral Communication

Voyager I: The first trip to space Look at the photograph. What is the name
Voyager I: The first trip to space
Look at the photograph. What
is the name of the spacecraft?
Pie de foto
On August 20, 1977 a spacecraft called
Voyager I traveled to space. This journey
across the solar system was very long and
difficult. Voyager I flew past new places and
sent photos of planets and moons
to NASA (National Aeronautics and
Space Administration).
Voyager I arrived on Jupiter, 480 million mi-
les from Earth. It sent pictures to scientists
and they learned new information about the
climate there: clouds, lightning, and winds.
They discovered that it had a moon with vol-
canoes. Later, Voyager I visited
Saturn. This planet is famous for its rings.
With the photographs from the spacecraft,
scientists found out that the rings from
Saturn contained mostly water and ice.
Freepik / watcartoon
Wikipedia
Wikimedia Commons / NASA
Freepik / vectorpouch

1. Read the text and answer the questions:

a. Which planets did Voyager I visit?

b. Who did Voyager I send photos to?

Prohibida su venta. Ministerio de Educación Freepik / brgfx
Prohibida su venta. Ministerio de Educación
Freepik / brgfx

2. Read the first two sentences of the text again. Which one is an opinion, and which one is a fact? Write on the line.

a. On August 20, 1977 a spacecraft called Voyager I traveled to space.

b. This journey across the solar system was very long and difficult.

Vocabulary moon. an object similar to a planet that moves around another planet. spacecraft. a
Vocabulary
moon. an object similar to a planet that moves
around another planet.
spacecraft. a vehicle used for travel in space.
journey. the act of travelling Value: Social from Responsability one place to
another.
lightning. a flash of bright light in the sky that is
produced by electricity.
wind. a current of
air.
Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z
2
Freepik / pikisuperstar

19

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Freepik

Reading

Falling stars

A meteorite fell in Russia in 1908. It landed in a forest and burnt an area of 2,000 square kilometers with trees. Fortunately, people were not hurt.

1. Underline

the

adjectives

in

the

text

about

“Falling stars” Sometimes people see lines that move in the sky. They call them “falling stars” or “shooting stars”. They use a telescope to see them because they are far away. But, they are not stars. They are pieces of stone or iron that fall form the sky. Most of them are very small, and when they come to the earth, they are so bright and hot that they burn. The big stones that fall to the earth are called meteorites. They look like balls of fire.

earth are called meteorites. They look like balls of fire. 2. Complete the table with opposite
earth are called meteorites. They look like balls of fire. 2. Complete the table with opposite
earth are called meteorites. They look like balls of fire. 2. Complete the table with opposite
earth are called meteorites. They look like balls of fire. 2. Complete the table with opposite
earth are called meteorites. They look like balls of fire. 2. Complete the table with opposite

2. Complete the table with opposite adjectives from the text. Then, complete with two additional adjectives.

small

near

cold

dark

Then, complete with two additional adjectives. small near cold dark Vocabulary Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z 20

Vocabulary

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

20

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Writing

foto tomadas por el Voyager II On September 5, 1977 Voyager II left planet Earth.
foto tomadas por el
Voyager II
On September 5, 1977 Voyager II left
planet Earth. First, it visited Jupiter and Saturn.
Next, it continued to Uranus. Uranus has a lot of
ice on its surface, so it’s a very cold planet. Later,
Voyager II traveled to Neptune that is located 2.8
billion miles from the Sun. It is very far away. Vo-
yager II continues traveling now. Recently, it sent
important information to scientists. They learned
that there are winds not only on the sun, but also
on other stars.
1.
Number the sentences about the journey of Voyager II in the
correct order.
Recently, it sent important information to scientists.
When we describe a set of
events, the words first, next
and later help us make the
order clear.
First, it visited Jupiter and Saturn.
Uranus has a lot of ice on its surface, so it’s a very
cold planet
Flickr / Ryan Howerter
Freepik
Freepik / pikisuperstar
Freepik / pikisuperstar
Flickr / Ryan Howerter Freepik Freepik / pikisuperstar Vocabulary wind . a current of air. Retrieved

Vocabulary

wind. a current of air.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

Next, it continued to Uranus.a current of air. Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z On September 5, 1977, Voyager II left planet Earth.

On September 5, 1977, Voyager II left planet Earth.from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z Next, it continued to Uranus. It is very far away. Voyager II continues traveling

It is very far away.Uranus. On September 5, 1977, Voyager II left planet Earth. Voyager II continues traveling now. They

Voyager II continues traveling now.5, 1977, Voyager II left planet Earth. It is very far away. They learned that there

They learned that there are winds not only on the sun, but also on other stars.It is very far away. Voyager II continues traveling now. Later, Voyager II traveled to Neptune

Later, Voyager II traveled to Neptune that is located at 2.8 billion miles from the sun.are winds not only on the sun, but also on other stars. 2. Join the sentences

2. Join the sentences from exercise 1 to write a paragraph. Then give a title to the text.

billion miles from the sun. 2. Join the sentences from exercise 1 to write a paragraph.

21

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Language through the Arts

Joan Miró was born in 1893 in Barcelona and died in 1983 in his adoptive
Joan Miró was born in 1893 in Barcelona and
died in 1983 in his adoptive city Palma de
Majorca. There is a museum called the Joan
Miró Foundation dedicated to his work.
It opened in 1975 in Barcelona.
Adapted from https: //kids.kiddle.co/Joan_Miró
3MinutosDeArte

Underline the adjectives in the following text.

Space is an inspiration for artists in all times and genres. It is the topic of poems, tales, songs, paintings, and other artistic representations. In painting, Joan Miró’s collection “Constellations”, is important. It is a series of 23 small paintings of planets, stars, the sun, the moon, and cosmic space in general. Joan Miró, the Catalan artist, is famous because of his use of plain colors and suggestive shapes in the Surrealist Movement.

• Adjectives describe nouns (people, places and things). • Adjectives refer to opinion, size, color,
• Adjectives describe nouns (people,
places and things).
• Adjectives refer to opinion, size, color, age,
nationality and material of a noun.
• They are placed before the noun.
artistic representations
small paintings
Catalan artist
Freepik / brgfx
♫ ♫ ♫ Freepik
Freepik
Catalan artist Freepik / brgfx ♫ ♫ ♫ Freepik Vocabulary genre . a style, especially in

Vocabulary

genre. a style, especially in the arts, that involves a particular set of characteristics.

surrealism. a type of 20th-century art and literature in which unusual or impossible things happen.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

22

Oral Communication

1. Write the missing letters to pronounce the long vowel i. Then say the words.

l

fe

land

surv

ve

d

d

t

me

2. Match the words with the same rhyme and say the words.

life

ice

survive

arrive

died

crime

nice

cried

time

wife

3. Choose 3 words from the list above and say an original sentence with them to a parther. Example: “ I like to drink water with ice”

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“ I like to drink water with ice” Prohibida su venta. Ministerio de Educación Freepik /
Freepik / childrensilustration
Freepik / childrensilustration

23

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Lesson D

Communication and Cultural Awareness

Let’s try a science experiment.!

Culture

Charles Darwin, a British scientist, embarked on the HMS Beagle to study natural life and
Charles Darwin, a British
scientist, embarked on
the HMS Beagle to study
natural life and geological
formations on South
American coasts. This
expedition started in 1831
and lasted 5 years. He had
the opportunity to visit the
Galapagos Islands, where
he observed the unusual
animals in this Ecuadorian
territory. He concluded that
species change, and evolve
in order to adapt to local
conditions and, be able to
survive. Results of his
studies are in his book
On the Origin of Species.
Freepik / igram
are in his book On the Origin of Species. Freepik / igram Vocabulary evolve . to

Vocabulary

evolve. to develop gradually in order to improve or adapt to external conditions.

HMS. His/Her Majesty’s Ship. Referent to a King’s (or Queen’s belonging in England, in this case, a ship).

species. animal s or plants that can be categorized due to their characteristics in common.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

1. Complete the chart with verbs from the text in Simple Past.

Simple past We talk about finished actions and events in the past Regular verbs: ed
Simple past
We talk about finished actions and events in the past
Regular verbs: ed / d
embark – embarked
Irregular verbs:
have - had
Freepik / macrovector

2. Listen and say the words.

/d/ /t/ /id/ started observed concluded studied embarked lasted Freepik / childrensilustration jehsomwan
/d/
/t/
/id/
started
observed
concluded
studied
embarked
lasted
Freepik / childrensilustration
jehsomwan

24

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Oral Communication

s e m t th meet be feel beach dream in
s
e
m
t th
meet
be
feel
beach
dream
in
s e m t th meet be feel beach dream in 1. Write the missing letters
1. Write the missing letters to pronounce the long vowel e. Then say the words.
1. Write the missing letters to pronounce the long vowel e. Then say the words.
t
m
2. Match the words with the same rhyme. Draw a line say the words.
free
teach
seem
heat
wheel
3. Choose 2 of the words from the list above to use
Mineduc

a sentence say it to a parther.

Example: “ I dont like the heat”

to use Mineduc a sentence say it to a parther. Example: “ I dont like the
to use Mineduc a sentence say it to a parther. Example: “ I dont like the
Freepik / childrensilustration
Freepik / childrensilustration
to use Mineduc a sentence say it to a parther. Example: “ I dont like the
25
25

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Reading Pair work. What do you know about Frankenstein? Talk with a partner. the story
Reading
Pair work. What do you know about
Frankenstein? Talk with a partner.
the story of
Frankenstein is an imaginary monster. The British novelist
Mary Shelly
invented it.
She wrote
about
a crazy scientist
Frankenstein who wanted to create human
called Dr. Victor
collected body parts from
life. The scientist’s assistant
didn’t know how to
a cemetery to build a human being. But, Dr. Frankenstein
give life
to that creature.
the creature
woke up.
Thanks to a bolt of lightning,
The scientist
created a strong and
fearful monster.
the creature and ran
The people in the village didn’t like
Fortunately, this monster is
away from him.
of the
It’s only the product
not real.
writer’s imagination.
Freepik / tigatelu
Freepik

1. Complete the table with adjectives and verbs in the simple past from the text.

Adjectives

Simple past verbs

imaginary

invented

Simple Past Simple Past affirmative negative Dr. Frankenstein wanted to create human life Dr. Frankenstein
Simple Past
Simple Past
affirmative
negative
Dr. Frankenstein
wanted to create
human life
Dr. Frankenstein
didn’t know how to
give life to
the creature.
2. Answer the questions:

a. What auxiliary verb do you use in Simple Past negative sentences?

b. Does the negative auxiliary verb change for I/you/we/they and he/she/it?

c. What form of the verb is after the negative auxiliary?

c. What form of the verb is after the negative auxiliary? Vocabulary assistant . helper. bolt

Vocabulary

assistant. helper.

bolt. a flash of bright light in the sky that is produced by electricity.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

26

Writing

Freepik / bazzier
Freepik / bazzier

Mary Shelly invented the story of a fantasy monster called Frankenstein. She wrote about scientist who was obsessed with creating human life. First, Dr. Frankenstein needed a body. Then he sent his assistant Igor to dig in a graveyard and take parts of dead people’s bodies. Next, the scientist joined the parts together, but he didn’t know how to make a creature come to life. After that, a bolt of lightning woke the creature up. Finally, Dr. Frankenstein didn’t invent a human being but a very strong monster.

2. Write the story of Frankenstein. Use the ideas from exercise 1. Link your sentences with first, then, next, after that, and finally to make the order clear.

1. Put the sentences of the story of Frankenstein in the correct order.

Dr. Frankenstein didn’t invent a human being but a very strong monster.sentences of the story of Frankenstein in the correct order. The scientist joined the parts together.

The scientist joined the parts together.didn’t invent a human being but a very strong monster. She wrote about scientist who was

She wrote about scientist who was obsessed with creating human life.strong monster. The scientist joined the parts together. But he didn’t know how to make a

But he didn’t know how to make a creature come to life.about scientist who was obsessed with creating human life. A bolt of lightning woke the creature

A bolt of lightning woke the creature up.But he didn’t know how to make a creature come to life. He sent his assistant

He sent his assistant Igor to dig in a graveyard and take parts of dead people’s bodies.come to life. A bolt of lightning woke the creature up. Mary Shelly invented the story

Mary Shelly invented the story of a fantasy monster called Frankenstein.in a graveyard and take parts of dead people’s bodies. Dr. Frankenstein needed a body. Prohibida

Dr. Frankenstein needed a body.the story of a fantasy monster called Frankenstein. Prohibida su venta. Ministerio de Educación Freepik /

Prohibida su venta. Ministerio de Educación Freepik / brgfx
Prohibida su venta. Ministerio de Educación
Freepik / brgfx
called Frankenstein. Dr. Frankenstein needed a body. Prohibida su venta. Ministerio de Educación Freepik / brgfx
called Frankenstein. Dr. Frankenstein needed a body. Prohibida su venta. Ministerio de Educación Freepik / brgfx
called Frankenstein. Dr. Frankenstein needed a body. Prohibida su venta. Ministerio de Educación Freepik / brgfx

27

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Language through the Arts

Culture Jules Verne wrote the famous science fiction novel Journey to the Center of the
Culture
Jules Verne wrote the famous science fiction
novel Journey to the Center of the Earth in 1864. The
main characters in this story are a Geology resear-
cher called Professor Lidenbrock and his nephew
Axel, both from Germany. They join Hans Bjelke, a
Danish hunter who becomes their guide and su-
pport in the entire journey. The journey starts in
the crater of a volcano in Iceland. This is their door
to the underground world.
During this expedition, Dr. Lidenbrock makes new
discoveries and learns geology and biology more
about Geology, Biology and other sciences. The
explorers have risky, dangerous, and
fantastic adventures.
The story ends when they arrive in southern Italy.
Etna volcano erupts and throws them
to a new territory.
Adapted from : //bit.ly/2GhPaS6
Wikimedia Commons / Edouard Riou

1. Remember to change the order of the subject and verb and, use the auxiliary “ do” when the verb is not to be.

a.

 

Yes, he is. Hans Bjelke is from Denmark.

b.

 

No, they don’t. They arrive to southern Italy.

c.

 

No, they aren’t: Dr. Lidenbrock and Axel aren’t father and son. They’re uncle and nephew.

Axel aren’t father and son. They’re uncle and nephew. Vocabulary journey . the act of travelling

Vocabulary

journey. the act of travelling from one place to another.

nephew. the son of your brother/sister, or the son of the brother/sister of your husband/wife.

join. to be part of a group or team.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

2. Write answers for the following questions.

a. Is Dr. Lidenbrock the writer of Journey to the Center of the Earth?

the writer of Journey to the Center of the Earth ? b. Are Dr. Lidenbrock and

b. Are Dr. Lidenbrock and Axel from Denmark?

Center of the Earth ? b. Are Dr. Lidenbrock and Axel from Denmark? c. Does the

c. Does the story begin in southern Italy?

Center of the Earth ? b. Are Dr. Lidenbrock and Axel from Denmark? c. Does the
Mineduc
Mineduc

28

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Freepik / macrovector

Freepik

Oral Communication

1. Write the missing letters to pronounce the long vowel a. Then say the words.

tooth

che

sh

ke

bre

k

w

ke

ste

2. Draw a line. Match the words with the same rhyme. Then circle the long sound.

pancake

snake

ate

Daisy

lazy

lemonade

mail

tale

made

great

Flickr / Blue Yonder
Flickr / Blue Yonder

3. Underline the long vowel a in these words. Then complete the list with two additional words. cake - earthquake - backache - skate

29

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Assessment

Writing and speaking Choose one of these planets and research it. Write 30 words about
Writing and speaking
Choose one of these planets and research it. Write 30 words
about it. Use adjectives.
Mars
Saturn
Uranus
Venus
Work in pairs. Read your
sentences. Which information
was interesting? Why?
Freepik / vanitjan
Freepik / nutcracker

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Assessment

Let's learn about science and technology

Reading and Grammar

1. Underline all the adjectives in the text.There are five. Charles Darwin’s contribution to humankind
1. Underline all the adjectives in the text.There are five.
Charles Darwin’s contribution to humankind is
enormous. Nowadays, inspired in Darwin’s legacy,
Charles Darwin Research Station CDRS works in the
preservation of species in the Galapagos
Islands. CDRS has its main office in Santa Cruz Island
and smaller offices in Isabella and San Cristobal Islands.
Scientists conduct important research studies and
monitor special projects in the Galapagos Islands,
together with National Park Galapagos. Experts in
different areas direct those interesting projects. There are
biologists, naturalists, ecologists, educators, and
volunteer students from Ecuador and other countries
around the world.
2. Take the 5 adjetives and write them on the lines. After
them write another word that the adjetive can describe.
Example: enormous elephants
Galapagos penguins are the only ones that live in the northern hemisphere (except for the
Galapagos penguins are
the only ones that live
in the northern hemisphere
(except for the ones who
live in zoos). There are
some species living outside
Antarctica, like the
Humboldt penguins who
live along the Pacific coast
of Chile and Peru, but only
Galapagos penguins live
above the equator.
Adapted form: https://bit.ly/2JAQzVC
Freepik / ingram
Mineduc
Mineduc

I’m completing this self-evaluation based on what I learned in the module.

 

I check

  I check the box that most applies to me

the box that most applies to me

Topics

I do it very well

I do it somewhat well

I can improve

I can’t do it without help

I can use simple past in negative sentences.

       

I can describe using adjectives.

       

I can differentiate facts from opinions.

       

31

Project 2 Let’s do an experiment! Objective of the experiment: To understand the density of
Project 2 Let’s do an experiment! Objective of the experiment: To understand the density of

Project 2

Let’s do an experiment!

Objective of the experiment: To understand the density of different substances.

Materials • Mineduc
Materials
Mineduc

A dropper

Honey

Corn syrup

Liquid dish soap (green or blue)

Water

Olive oil

Alcohol

Food coloring

Make your own rainbow. Look, read and order the pictures

1.

First, add five full spoons of honey to a jar (the jar needs to be wide and big enough to get the best results).Put the honey right in the middle of the container, not on its walls.

right in the middle of the container, not on its walls. 2. Then color the corn
2.
2.

Then color the corn syrup purple (with food coloring) and add five spoons to the jar.

3. Next, do the same with the liquid dish soap.

4. After that, add some colored water (different color from the liquid dish soap).

5. Now, put a thick layer of olive oil into the container.

6. Pour a little bit of red coloring in 5 spoons of alcohol. With a dropper, gently put the alcohol on the walls of the container.

gently put the alcohol on the walls of the container. Make sure it does not mix

Make sure it does not mix with the

olive oil.

7. Finally, look at your beautiful rainbow. A glass jar

Mineduc
Mineduc
rainbow. • A g l a s s j a r Mineduc Vocabulary jar . a

Vocabulary

jar . a glass or clay container with a wide opening at the top. wide

jar. a glass or clay container with a wide opening at the top.

wide. having a larger distance from one side to the other.

32

dropper. instrument to pour liquids by drops.

pour. to make a liquid flow from one recipient to another.

thick. difficult to flow.

Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2zfTy2z

Pair work. With a classmate, present the experiment to the class. You can use images or real material.

32