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Module 10 – Aviation Legislation _ Issue 2 Rev 0 _ September 2018

GCAA 147

CAR 66
CAT A
Module 10
Aviation Legislation
Module 10 – Aviation Legislation _ Issue 2 Rev 0 _ September 2018
AIRACRAFT MAINTENANCE ENGINEER TRAINING NOTES

These training notes have been issued to you on the understanding that they are intended for your
guidance, to enable you to assimilate classroom and workshop lessons and for self-study. Although
every care has been taken to ensure that the training notes are current at the time of issue, no
amendments will be forwarded to you once your training course is completed. It must be
emphasised that these training notes do not in any way constitute an authorised document for use
in aircraft maintenance.

All Rights Reserved

The copyright in these technical training notes remain the physical and intellectual property of
Vision Concept Aviation Training Institute, (VCATI). All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, including
photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written
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publisher, addressed “Attention: Permissions Coordinator,” at the email below:
“info@trainbyvision.com”.

Thank you

Vision Concept Aviation Training Institute www.trainbyvision.com

Module 10 – Aviation Legislation _ Issue 2 Rev 0 _ September 2018


Table of Contents
Description Page no.
1 Regulatory Framework 1-1
2 CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-1
3 CAR 145 – Approved Maintenance Organisation 3-1
4 CAR OPS 1 – Commercial and Private Air Transportation (Aeroplanes) 4-1
5 CAR M – Continuing Airworthiness Requirement 5-1
6 Applicable National – International Requirement 6-1
Introduction to UAE GCAA
Air Legislation

Module 10 – Aviation Legislation _ Issue 2 Rev 0 _ September 2018


Abbreviation

AC Advisory Circular
ACAC Arab Civil Aviation Commission
AD Airworthiness Directive
AEP Authorising Entry Point
AIC Aeronautical Information Circular
AIP Aeronautical Information Publication
AIS Aeronautical Information Services
AMC Acceptable Means of Compliance
AMEL Aircraft Maintenance Engineer License
AML Aircraft Maintenance License
AMM Aircraft Maintenance Maual
AMO Approved Maintenance Organisation
AMP Aircraft Maintenance Programme
ANSIN ANS Information Notice
AOC Air Operator Certificate
Module 10 – Aviation Legislation _ Issue 2 Rev 0 _ September 2018
Abbreviation

AIP Aeronautical Information Publication


AIS Aeronautical Information Services
ALI Airworthiness Limitation Item
AMC Acceptable Means of Compliance
AMEL Aircraft Maintenance Engineer License
AML Aircraft Maintenance License
AMM Aircraft Maintenance Maual
AMO Approved Maintenance Organisation
AMP Aircraft Maintenance Programme
ANSIN ANS Information Notice
AOC Air Operator Certificate
AOG Aircraft On Ground
APU Auxiliary Power Unit
ARC Airworthiness Review Certificate
AWN Airworthiness Notice
Module 10 – Aviation Legislation _ Issue 2 Rev 0 _ September 2018
Abbreviation

Module 10 – Aviation Legislation _ Issue 2 Rev 0 _ September 2018


Abbreviation
ETOPS Extended Range Operation with Two Engine Aeroplanes
EU European Union
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FTS Fuel Tank Safety
GCAA General Civil Aviation Authority
GM Guidance Material
HF Human Factors
i.a.w. in accordance with
IATA International Air Transport Association
IB Information Bulletin
ICA Instructions for Continued Airworthiness
ICAN International Commission for Air Navigation
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organisation
IDERA Irrevocable De-registration and Export Request Authorisation
IEM Interpretative/Explanatory Material
Module 10 – Aviation Legislation _ Issue 2 Rev 0 _ September 2018
Abbreviation
IPC Illustrated Parts Catalogue
IR International Registry of Mobile Assets
ISA International Standard Atmosphere
JAA Joint Aviation Authorities
JAR Joint Aviation Requirements
LAME Licensed Aircraft Maintenance Engineer
LBA Luftfahrt-Bundesamt
LROPS Long Range Operations
LRU Line Replaceable Unit
MAC Mean Aerodynamic Chord
MEL Minimum Equipment List
MMEL Master Minimum Equipment List
MNPS Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications
MO Maintenance Organisation
MOE Maintenance Organisation Exposition
Module 10 – Aviation Legislation _ Issue 2 Rev 0 _ September 2018
Abbreviation
MPD Maintenance Planning Document
MRB Maintenance Review Board
MCTOM Maximum Certified Take Off Mass
MSG Maintenance Steering Group
MTO Maintenance Training Organisation
MTOE Maintenance Training Organisation Exposition
MTOM Maximum Take-Off Mass
MTOW Maximum Take-Off Weight
MTWA Maximum Take-Off Weight Authorised
NAA National Aviation Authorities
NDI Non-Destructive Inspection
NDT Non-Destructive Testing
NOTAC Notice to Aerodrome Certificate Holders
NPA Notice for Proposed Amendment
OJT On Job Training
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Abbreviation
PBE Protective Breathing Equipment
PICAO Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization
POA Production Organisation Approval
RC of A Restricted Certificate of Airworthiness
RNAV Area Navigation
ROSI Reporting of Safety Incident
RTC Restricted Type Certificate
RVSM Reduced Vertical Separation Minima
S.L. Sea Level
SB Service Bulletin
SMI Scheduled Maintenance Inspection
SMS Safety Management System
SMSM Safety Management System Manual
STC Supplemental Type Certificate
STD Synthetic Training Device
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Abbreviation
TAC Type Acceptance Certificate
TC Type Certificate
TCDS Type Certificate Data Sheet
TR Type Rating
TRA Telecommunication Regulatory Authority
TSO Technical Standard Order
UAE United Arab Emirates
UN United Nations
US United Sates (of America)
w.e.f. with effect from

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1. Regulatory Framework 1-1
1-1
1-3
▪ Role of International Civil Aviation Organization:
▪ The Convention on International Civil Aviation, popularly known as the Chicago Convention
✓ Establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air
travel
✓ Also exempts air fuels from tax
✓ Signed on 7th December 1944 in Chicago 52 signatory states
✓ ICAO standards and recommended practices are published in 19 annexes to the Chicago Convention;
✓ October 1947: ICAO became a specialized agency of the UN charged with coordinating and regulating international
air travel
✓ Convention has since been revised eight times (in 1959, 1963, 1969, 1975, 1980, 1997, 2000 and 2006)

▪ Principles & arrangements are laid down in 96 articles, and ICAO standards & recommended practices are published in
18 annexes to the Chicago Convention. They are a minimum standard and are recognised partially or with the full
content by the civil aviation authorities.

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1. Regulatory Framework 1-2
1-2
1-3
▪ Role of General Civil Aviation Authority:
✓ The operation of Civil Aircraft registered in the United Arab Emirates is controlled by legislation set out in the UAE Federal
Civil Aviation Law.
✓ The Organisation responsible for Civil Aviation within the United Arab Emirates is the General Civil Aviation Authority
(GCAA).
✓ The GCAA, UAE issues Civil Aviation Regulations.
✓ These Regulations are largely based on the requirements of various foreign Airworthiness Organisations, in particular
those of the EASA / UK Civil Aviation Authority and the US Federal Aviation Administration

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1. Regulatory Framework 1-3
1-2
1-3
▪ Relationship between Approved Maintenance Organisation, Authority and Operator:

Owner / Operator
Air Operator Maintenance Technical Log
Certificate (AOC) Program

Maintenance
Oversight Task

CAMO
General Civil
Aviation
Authority
CAR 145
Oversight
AMO
CAR
66
Oversight
CAR 147
MTO
AMEL
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1. Regulatory Framework 1-4
1-2
1-3
▪ Relationship with other Aviation Authorities:
The Air Transport Section in the General Civil aviation Authority (GCAA) is responsible of air services
agreements signed between UAE and other states, and to negotiate with the foreign states for the purpose of
concluding agreements regarding scheduled and non-scheduled operations and any other agreements
relating to international air transport.

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1. Regulatory Framework 1-5
1-2
1-3
▪ Relationship with other Aviation Authorities:

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1. Regulatory Framework 1-6
1-2
1-3
▪ Civil Aviation Regulation (CAR) overview:

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1-3
1-3
1-3
1-7

PAGE
INTENTIONALLY
BLANK

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-1
1-3
2.1 Definitions

▪ Large Aircraft; means an aircraft, classified as


➢ an airplane with a MTOM of more than 5700 kg, or
➢ a multi-engine helicopter
▪ Certifying Staff; means personnel responsible for the release of an aircraft or a component after maintenance
▪ Maintenance; means any one or combination of
➢ overhaul,
➢ repair,
➢ inspection,
➢ replacement,
➢ modification, or
➢ defect rectification of an aircraft or component, except pre-flight inspection
▪ Licensed Aircraft Maintenance Engineer
➢ Is a person holding a current aircraft maintenance engineer licence
➢ issued by the UAE GCAA or GCAA recognised organisation/authority

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-2
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2.1 Definitions

▪ Certificate of Authorisation (Personal Authorisation Certificate)


➢ Is a certificate issued by or on behalf of the GCAA to permit the holder to make certification in accordance with the
Federal Civil Aviation LAW
▪ Appropriately Licensed Aircraft Maintenance Engineer
➢ A person holding a current aircraft maintenance engineer's licence
➢ which is valid in the appropriate category or group and is endorsed for the type of aircraft, engine or equipment for
which certification is required.
▪ Holder of Company Authorisation/Approval
➢ A person approved by the Vice President, Quality Assurance to certify work carried out. This authorisation/approval
may be issued for a specific function or system or for a complete trade category on an aircraft type operated or
maintained by an Airline/MRO.
▪ Certify, Signing Signature
➢ In the case of licensed or appropriately Licensed aircraft maintenance engineers, inspectors, or persons specifically
authorised on behalf of the GCAA making certification on a maintenance document, certify, sign or signature will mean
the normal signed name accompanied by licence number, authorisation number or stamp as applicable.

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-3
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General
▪ The E-Services system which has now been fully adopted by the GCAA for the issue, renewal and type endorsement of an
aircraft maintenance engineers licenses as defined in point 66.10 must be used for all applications.
▪ All license applications for conversion as described in point 66.70 and section 4 appendix I, must also be made using the E-
Licensing system.
▪ For the removal of limitations as described in points 66.45 and 66.50 the E-Licensing system must also be used.
▪ Manual applications may be used for cases where no Eservices are available, however this can only be done with prior
approval from the GCAA.
Technical Requirement (CAR 66.1)
▪ Scope:
▪ Subpart A covers:
➢ Requirements for application, issue
➢ Conditions of validity and use of AML for Aeroplanes & Helicopters

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-4
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Scope (CAR 66.1)
▪ Certifying staff shall be qualified in accordance with the provisions of CAR 66, except for:
CAR M.607(b);
➢ Where an aircraft is grounded at a location other than the main base where no appropriate certifying staff is available a
one-off certification authorization may be granted
CAR M.803;
➢ pilot-owner authorization
CAR 145.30(j);
➢ Maintenance station outside the UAE territory
➢ Limited certification authorization to the aircraft commander and/or the flight engineer for:
❑ A repetitive pre-flight AD (an AD may require a repetitive inspection each 50 hours for example)
❑ Aircraft operated away from a supported location
➢ One-off certification authorization for AOG situation (aircraft on ground)

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-4
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Enforcement (CAR 66.2)
▪ The GCAA may impose restrictions, suspend, limit or revoke any Aircraft Maintenance Engineers license issued if the holder
cannot demonstrate their capability to maintain the appropriate safety standards. Personnel granted with an Aircraft
Maintenance Engineers license shall not engage in, support or conceal unsafe acts.
Categories – Subcategories (CAR 66.3)

Subcategories Subcategories
Categories
Aeroplanes (Fixed Wings) Helicopters (Rotary Wings)
A1 A2 A3 A4
A
Turbine Piston Turbine Piston
B1.1 B1.2 B1.3 B1.4
B1
Turbine Piston Turbine Piston
B2 No Subcategories
B3 Piston Engine non pressurized aeroplanes of MTOM 2000KG and below
C No Subcategories

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-5
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Categories – Subcategories (GM 66.3)
▪ Individual Aircraft Maintenance Engineers License holders need not be restricted to a single category. Provided that each
qualification requirement is satisfied, any combination of categories may be granted
Categories – Aircraft (CAR 66.5)
▪ For the purpose of ratings on aircraft maintenance engineers licences aircraft shall be classified in the following groups.
➢ Group 1: Complex motor powered aircraft as well as multiple engine helicopters. Aeroplanes with maximum certified
operating altitude exceeding FL290. Aircraft equipped with fly-by-wire systems and other aircraft requiring an aircraft
type rating when defined so by the GCAA
➢ Group 2: Aircraft other than those in group 1 belonging to the following subgroups:
❑ sub-group 2a: single turbo-propeller engine aeroplanes
❑ sub-group 2b: single turbine engine helicopters
❑ sub-group 2c: single piston engine helicopters
➢ Group 3: Piston engine aeroplanes other than those in group 1.

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-6
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Application (CAR 66.10)
▪ An application for an Aircraft Maintenance Engineers License or amendment to such license shall be made using the AMEL
E-Licensing services application and/or any other assigned form and in a manner established by the GCAA and submitted
thereto.
▪ Each application shall be supported by documentation to demonstrate compliance with the applicable theoretical
knowledge, practical training and experience requirements at the time of application.
▪ The organization requesting the grant or amendment to a license is responsible for the review of the application before
making a recommendation to the GCAA.
Application (AMC 66.10)
▪ Maintenance experience should be written up in a manner that the reader has a reasonable understanding of where, when
and what maintenance constitutes the experience.
▪ A task-by- task account is not necessary but at the same time a bland statement “X year’s maintenance experience
completed” is not acceptable.
▪ A logbook of maintenance experience is desirable and the GCAA require such a logbook to be kept. It is acceptable to cross-
refer in the E-Licensing system to other documents containing information on maintenance.
▪ Applicants claiming the maximum reduction in 66.30(a) total experience based upon successful completion of CAR 147
approved basic training should include the CAR 147 certificate of recognition for approved basic training.

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-7
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Application (AMC 66.10)
▪ Applicants claiming reduction in 66.30(a) total experience based upon successful completion of technical training in an
organization or institute recognized by the GCAA as a competent organization or institute should include the relevant
certificate of successful completion of training.
▪ EASA-5 years experience+ type rating
▪ CGAA-2 years in CAR 147 training organization
Eligibility (CAR/AMC 66.15)
▪ Applicant shall be at least 18 years old to be eligible for issue of CAR 66 AML
Note: CAR 145 requires authorised staff to be at least 21 years old
Applicant shall either be:
▪ A UAE/GCC (Gulf Co-Operation Council) national or
▪ A legal employee of UAE approved organisation with proper justification for a need to hold a UAE GCAA aircraft
maintenance engineers licence or
▪ A graduate of a GCAA CAR 147 approved basic aircraft maintenance training organisation.

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-8
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Privileges of AMEL ‘A’ (66.20)

Category Release to Service privileges


Minor scheduled line maintenance and simple rectification of tasks❶ i.a.w.
A
authorization.
Line Maintenance Certifying Mechanic
Personally performed in a CAR 145 organization.
A category “A” Aircraft Maintenance Engineers Licence permits the holder to issue certificates of release to service following
minor scheduled line maintenance and simple defect rectification within the limits of tasks specifically endorsed on the
certification authorisation referred to in point 145.35 of CAR-145.
Privileges of AMEL ‘B1’ (66.20)

Category Release to Service privileges

Maintenance on aircraft structure, power plant, mechanical and electrical


B1
systems,
Maintenance Certifying Engineer
avionic LRU replacement requiring simple tests.
(Mechanical)
Category B1 includes the corresponding A subcategory.
A category B1 Aircraft Maintenance Engineers Licence shall permit the holder to issue certificates of release to service and to
act as B1 support staff following.
▪ Maintenance performed on aircraft structure, power plant and mechanical and electrical systems,
▪ Work on avionic systems requiring only simple tests to prove their serviceability and not requiring troubleshooting
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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-9
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Privileges of AMEL ‘B2’ (66.20)

Category Release to Service privileges


B2
Maintenance on avionic and electrical systems.
Maintenance Certifying Engineer
The category B2 licence does not include any A subcategory.
(Avionics)

A category B2 Aircraft Maintenance Engineers Licence shall permit the holder:


➢ To issue certificates of release to service, and
➢ To act as B2 support staff for the following:
❑ Maintenance performed on avionic and electrical systems, and electrical and avionics tasks within power plant and
mechanical systems, requiring only simple tests to prove their serviceability;
The category B2 licence does not include any A subcategory

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-10
1-3
B1 & B2 Support Staff (66.20)
▪ Ensures all relevant Base Maintenance tasks and inspections have been carried out to the required standard and inform
Category ‘C’ staff accordingly
▪ They do not need to sign off all tasks
▪ They do not need to be authorised but they must hold an appropriate type rated CAR 66 AML
▪ Category ‘C’ staff ensures all maintenance required by the customer has been carried out as indicated by the B1 or B2
support staff and assesses the impact on work not carried out, before issuing a CRS for all Base Maintenance on the aircraft.
Privileges of AMEL ‘B3’ (66.20)

Category Release to Service privileges

B3
Issues CRS and act as support staff for maint. Perform work on structure, power plant, mechanical
and electrical system of piston engined, non pressurized A/C of 2000kg and below.
Aircraft Maintenance
work on avionic systems (of the above A/C) requiring only simple tests to prove their serviceability
Engineers
and not requiring troubleshooting.

The category B3 licence does not include any A subcategory. Nevertheless, this does not prevent the B3 licence holder from
releasing maintenance tasks typical of the A1.2 subcategory for piston-engine non-pressurised aeroplanes of 2 000 kg MTOM
and below, within the limitations contained in the B3 licence

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-11
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Privileges of AMEL ‘C’ (66.20)

Category Release to Service privileges


C Base maintenance of entire aircraft
Base Maintenance Certifying Engineer in a CAR 145 organisation.

The category ‘C’ licence permits certification of scheduled Base Maintenance by the issue of a single Certificate of Release to
Service (CRS) for the complete aircraft after the completion of all such maintenance.
Privileges of AMEL Holder (66.20)
CAR66.20(b): The holder of an aircraft maintenance engineers licence may not exercise its privileges unless:
1. In compliance with the applicable requirements of CAR M & CAR-145; and
2. In the preceding 2-year period he/she has, either had 6 months of maintenance experience in accordance with the
privileges granted by the aircraft maintenance engineers licence or, met the provision for the issue of the appropriate
privileges; and
3. He/she has the adequate competence to certify maintenance on the corresponding aircraft; and
4. He/she is able to read, write and communicate to an understandable level in the language(s) in which the technical
documentation and procedures necessary to support the issue of the certificate of release to service are written.

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-12
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Privileges of AMEL Holder (66.20)
CAR66.20(b): The holder of an aircraft maintenance engineers licence may not exercise its privileges unless:
5. The 6 months maintenance experience in 2 years should be understood as consisting of two elements, duration and nature
of the experience.
6. The minimum to meet the requirements for these elements may vary depending on the size and complexity of the aircraft
and type of operation and maintenance.

Privileges (AMC 66.20(b)3)

The wording “has the adequate competence to certify maintenance on the corresponding aircraft” means that the license
holder and, if applicable, the organization where he/she is contracted/employed, should ensure that he/she has acquired
the appropriate knowledge, skills, attitude and experience to release the aircraft being maintained. This is essential because
some systems and technology present in the particular aircraft being maintained may not have been covered by the
training/examination/experience required to obtain the license and ratings.

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-13
1-3
Definitions (AMC 66.20(a))
▪ Electrical system
Means the aircraft electrical power supply source, plus the distribution system to the different components contained in the
aircraft and relevant connectors. Lighting systems are also included in this definition. When working on cables and
connectors which are part of these electrical systems, the following typical practices are included in the privileges:
➢ Continuity, insulation and bonding techniques and testing;
➢ Crimping and testing of crimped joints;
➢ Connector pin removal and insertion;
➢ Wiring protection techniques.
▪ Avionics system
Means an aircraft system that transfers, processes, displays or stores analogue or digital data using data lines, data buses,
coaxial cables, wireless or other data transmission medium, and includes the system’s components and connectors.
Examples of avionics systems include the following:
➢ Auto flight; Communication, Radar and Navigation;
➢ Instruments (see NOTE below);
➢ In-Flight Entertainment Systems;
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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-14
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▪ Line Maintenance:
“Any maintenance that is carried out before flight to ensure that the aircraft is fit for the intended flight”
➢ Trouble shooting;
➢ Defect rectification;
➢ Component replacement;
➢ Scheduled maintenance / checks (visual inspections, quick opening access panels/doors)
➢ Simple minor repairs and modifications
➢ Temporary or occasional cases (ADs/SBs)
▪ Base Maintenance:
“Maintenance tasks falling outside the criteria of line maintenance”
Troubleshooting - Definitions (AMC 66.20(a))
Means the procedures and actions necessary to identify the root cause of a defect or malfunction using approved
Maintenance data. It may include the use of BITE or external test equipment.
The category B3 license does not include any A subcategory. Nevertheless, this does not prevent the B3 license holder
from releasing maintenance tasks typical of the A1.2 subcategory for piston-engine non-pressurised aeroplanes of 2 000 kg
MTOM and below, within the limitations contained in the B3 license.

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-15
1-3
Qualification
Type
Training

Type
Training Experience as B1 Type
or B2 Training

Task
Experience
Training Experience Experience

Experience
Academic
Basic Knowledge Basic Knowledge degree
Basic Knowledge

Category Category C
Category A Category C
B1 or B2 ‘academic’
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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-16
1-3
Basic Knowledge Requirements (66.25)
a) An applicant for an aircraft maintenance engineers license or the addition of a category or subcategory to such an aircraft
maintenance engineers license shall demonstrate, by examination, a level of knowledge in the appropriate subject
modules in accordance with Appendix I to this CAR.
The basic knowledge examinations shall be conducted by a training organization appropriately approved under CAR 147 or
by the GCAA.
All examinations conducted outside the GCAA must be conducted by the same GCAA approved training organization.
Approved training may be carried out by another training provider if the provisions of AMC 66.25 (3) have been adopted
by a CAR 147 approved basic training organization.
b) The training courses and examinations shall be passed within 10 years prior(before) to the application for an aircraft
maintenance engineers license or the addition of a category or subcategory to such aircraft maintenance engineers license.
c) The applicant may apply to the GCAA for full or partial examination credit to the basic knowledge requirements for:
❑ basic knowledge examinations that do not meet the requirement described in point (b) above; and
❑ Any other technical qualification considered by the GCAA to be equivalent to the knowledge standard of CAR 66.
d) Credits expire 10 years after they were granted to the applicant by the GCAA. The applicant may apply for new credits after
expiration.

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-16
1-3
Basic Knowledge Requirements (AMC 66.25)
1. For an applicant being a person qualified by holding an academic degree in a aeronautical, mechanical or electronic
discipline from a recognized university or other higher educational institute the need for any examination will depend
upon the course taken in relation to Appendix I to CAR 66
2. Knowledge gained and examinations passed during previous experiences, for example, in military aviation and civilian
apprenticeships will be credited where the GCAA is satisfied that such knowledge and examinations are equivalent to that
required by Appendix I to CAR 66.
3. Approved training may be carried out at a different CAR 147 approved basic training organization provided the training
organization has a procedure approved by the GCAA for accepting such applicants. A declaration shall be made by both
the applicant and the training organization before making application to the GCAA. (CAR 66.10 refers).

Basic Knowledge Requirements (CAR 66 – Appendix I)


▪ The knowledge level indicators are defined on 3 levels as follows:
➢ LEVEL 1:
A familiarisation with the principal elements of the subject.
➢ LEVEL 2:
A general knowledge of the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject. An ability to apply that knowledge.
➢ LEVEL 3:
A detailed knowledge of the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject and a capacity to combine and apply the
separate elements of knowledge in a logical and comprehensive manner.

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-2
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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-18
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Basic Examination Standard (CAR 66 – Appendix II)
Multiple-choice Essay
3 alternatives Key Points defined
75 seconds per question 20 minutes per question
75% questions passed 75% of Key Points addressed
for each module (no error other key points)
Numbers of each type of question and allocated time
specified per module and category
• The training courses and examinations shall be passed within 10 years prior to the application for AMEL or Extension.
• Module exam may not be retaken within 90 days of failed attempt, except in the case of CAR 147 approved organization
conducting retraining tailored to the failed subjects maybe retaken after 30 days.
• All modules that make up a complete CAR 66 AMEL (sub)category must be passed within a 10 years time period of passing
the first module
A failed module:
➢ May not be retaken for at least 90 days,
➢ Except in the case of a CAR 147 approved MTO which conducts a course of retraining tailored to the failed subjects;
when the failed module may be retaken after 30 days
The 10 year time period does not apply to those modules which:
➢ Are common to more than one CAR 66 AMEL (sub)category, and were previously passed as part of another such
(sub)category examination where the license has already been issued.
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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-19
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Basic Examination Standard (CAR 66 – Appendix II)
▪ The maximum number of consecutive attempts for each module is three. Further sets of three attempts are allowed with a
1 year waiting period between sets.
▪ The applicant shall confirm in writing to the approved maintenance training organisation or the GCAA to which they apply
for an examination, the number and dates of attempts during the last year and the organisation where these attempts took
place. The maintenance training organisation or the GCAA is responsible for checking the number of attempts within the
applicable timeframes.
▪ If any of the modular examinations consists of 120 questions or more, the examinations may be split into two examinations
provided a procedure is established in the MTOE and approved by the GCAA.
▪ Each essay question requires the preparation of a hand written answer and the candidate must be allowed 20 minutes to
answer each such question.
▪ Suitable essay questions must be drafted and evaluated using the knowledge syllabus in Appendix I for Modules 7A, 7B, 9A,
9B and 10.
▪ Each question will have a model answer drafted for it, which will also include any known alternative answers that may be
relevant for other subdivisions.
▪ MTOE: maintenance training organization exposition
▪ The model answer will also be broken down into a list of the important points known as Key Points.
▪ The pass mark for each module and sub-module multi-choice part of the examination is 75 %.
▪ The pass mark for each essay question is 75 % in that the candidates answer must contain 75 % of the required key points
addressed by the question and no significant error related to any required key point.
▪ If either the multi-choice part only or the essay part only is failed, then it is only necessary to retake the multi-choice or
essay part, as appropriate

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-20
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Basic Examination Standard (CAR 66 – Appendix II)
▪ If one of the essay questions is failed in module 7, then both essay questions must be retaken.
▪ Both the essay paper and MCQ for the same module must be completed at the same examination location.
▪ Penalty marking systems must not be used to determine whether a candidate has passed.
▪ The time periods required by point 66.25 apply to each individual module examination, with the exception of those module
examinations which were passed as part of another category license, where the license has already been issued.
▪ The applicant shall confirm in writing to the approved maintenance training organization or the GCAA to which they apply
for an examination, the number and dates of attempts during the last year and the organization where these attempts took
place. The maintenance training organization or the GCAA is responsible for checking the number of attempts within the
applicable timeframes.
▪ Any false declaration made by the candidate will result in the cancellation of any examinations taken and may lead to
enforcement action(s).

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Experience Requirements for Extending a CAR 66 Aircraft Maintenance Engineers License (CAR 66 – Appendix IV)

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-22
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Aircraft Maintenance Engineer License (CAR 66 – Appendix V)

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-23
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Aircraft Maintenance Engineer License (CAR 66 – Appendix V)

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-23
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Aircraft Maintenance Engineer License (CAR 66 – Appendix V)

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-24
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Aircraft Maintenance Engineer License (CAR 66 – Appendix V)

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-25
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Experience Requirement (CAR 66.30)
Practical *) maintenance experience
on operating aircraft
Category
CAR 147
No previous training Relevant training **)
basic training
A
3 years 2 years 1 year
B1.2 / B1.4 (P)/B3
B2
5 years 3 years 2 years
B1.1 / B1.3 (T)
▪ At least one year recent relevant experience (6 months/last year) for initial license, minimum 3 months for additional
(sub)categories *) involved in representative cross section of maintenance tasks **) skilled worker in technical trade
Experience as
Category B1 or B2 certifying staff and/or
C B1 or B2 base maintenance support staff
(minimum 12 months)

B1 Turbine (B1.1 or B1.3)/B2: 3 years


Large aircraft
B1 Piston (B1.2 or B1.4): 5 years

Other aircraft 3 years

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Continued Validity of the AMEL (CAR 66.40)
a) The Aircraft Maintenance Engineers Licence becomes invalid eight years after its last issue, unless the holder submits
his/her Aircraft Maintenance Engineers Licence to the GCAA, in order to verify that the information contained in the
licence is the same as that contained in the GCAA records.
c) Any certification privileges based upon an Aircraft Maintenance Engineers Licence becomes invalid as soon as the Aircraft
Maintenance Engineers Licence is invalid.
d) The Aircraft Maintenance Engineers Licence is only valid when issued and/or amended by the GCAA and when the holder
has signed the document.
Type Rating Endorsement (CAR 66.45)
▪ In order to be entitled to exercise certification privileges on a specific aircraft type, the holder of an AMEL needs to have
his/her licence endorsed with the relevant aircraft ratings.
▪ Aircraft type ratings will only be endorsed if the aircraft type is registered in the UAE.
▪ For category B1, B2 or C the relevant aircraft ratings are the following:
➢ Group 1 aircraft, the appropriate aircraft type rating.
➢ Group 2 aircraft, the appropriate aircraft type rating, manufacturer sub-group rating or full sub-group rating.
➢ Group 3 aircraft, the appropriate aircraft type rating or full group rating.
❑ For category B3, the relevant rating is ‘piston-engine non-pressurized Aeroplanes of 2 000 kg MTOM and below’.
❑ For category ‘A’, no rating is required, subject to compliance with the requirements of point 145.35 of CAR-145.

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Type Rating Endorsement (CAR 66.45)
▪ The endorsement of aircraft type ratings requires the satisfactory completion of the relevant category B1, B2 or C aircraft
type training.
▪ In addition to the requirement of point given above, the endorsement of the first aircraft type rating within a given
category/sub-category requires satisfactory completion of the corresponding On Job Experience (OJE), as described in
Appendix III to CAR 66.

e) Group 2 aircraft:
1. The endorsement of manufacturer sub-group ratings for category B1 and C licence holders requires complying with
the aircraft type rating requirements of at least two aircraft types from the same manufacturer which combined are
representative of the applicable manufacturer sub-group;

f) Group 3 aircraft:
1. The endorsement of the full group 3 rating for category B1, B2 & C licence holders requires demonstration of practical
experience, which shall include a representative cross section of maintenance activities relevant to the licence
category and to the group 3.
for category B1, unless the applicant provides evidence of appropriate experience, the group 3 rating shall be subject
to the following limitations, which shall be endorsed on the licence:
➢ Pressurised aeroplanes
➢ Metal structure aeroplanes
➢ Composite structure aeroplanes
➢ Wooden structure aeroplanes
➢ Aeroplanes with metal tubing structure covered with fabric.
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Type Rating Endorsement (CAR 66.45)
g) For the B3 license
1. The endorsement of the rating
"piston-engine non-pressurized
Aeroplanes of 2 000 kg MTOM and
below" requires demonstration of
practical experience which shall
include a representative cross-
section of maintenance activities
relevant to the license category.
2. Unless the applicant provides
evidence of appropriate
experience, the rating referred to in
point 1 shall be subject to the
following limitations, which shall be
endorsed on the license:
➢ Wooden structure Aeroplanes
➢ Aeroplanes with metal tubing
structure covered with fabric
➢ Metal structure Aeroplanes
➢ Composite structure
Aeroplanes.

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Type Rating Endorsement (CAR 66.45)

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2. CAR 66 – Certifying Staff – Maintenance 2-30
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Type Rating Endorsement (CAR 66.45)

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Type Rating Endorsement (CAR 66.45)

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Limitations (CAR 66.50)

a) Limitations introduced on an AMEL are exclusions from the certification privileges and affect the aircraft in its entirety.
b) For limitations referred to in point 66.45, limitations shall be removed upon:
➢ demonstration of appropriate experience; or
➢ after a satisfactory practical assessment performed by the GCAA.
c) For limitations referred to in point 66.70 (c), limitations shall be removed upon satisfactory completion of examination on
those modules/subjects defined in the applicable conversion report and compliance with the relevant experience
requirements.
Evidence of Qualification (CAR 66.55)

▪ Personnel exercising certification privileges as well as support staff shall produce their licence, as evidence of qualification,
Within 24 hours upon request from an authorised person. If you have an authorization carried with you. Like the driving
license.

Conversion Provisions (CAR 66.70)

a) The holder of a certifying staff qualification valid, prior to the date of entry into force of this CAR shall be issued an Aircraft
Maintenance Engineers License by the GCAA without further examination subject to the conditions specified in the
conversion report.
b) A person undergoing a certifying staff qualification process valid, prior to the date of entry into force of this CAR may
continue to be qualified. The holder of a certifying staff qualification gained following such qualification process shall be
issued an Aircraft Maintenance Engineers License without further examination subject to the conditions specified in the
conversion report.
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Conversion Provisions (CAR 66.70)

c) Where necessary, the Aircraft Maintenance Engineers License shall contain limitations in accordance with point 66.50 to
reflect the differences between:
I. the scope of the certifying staff qualification valid before the entry into force of this Regulation and
II. the basic knowledge requirements and the basic examination standards laid down in Appendix I and II to this CAR.
d) By derogation to paragraph (c) for aircraft not involved in commercial air transport other than large aircraft, the Aircraft
Maintenance Engineers License shall contain limitations in accordance with point 66.50 to ensure that the certifying staff
privileges valid before the entry into force of this Regulation and the privileges of the converted CAR 66 Aircraft
Maintenance Engineers License remain the same.

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1-3
1-3
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PAGE
INTENTIONALLY
BLANK

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▪ Part V Airworthiness regulations
▪ Chapter 3 - CAR 145 approved Maintenance
Organisations

SECTION A REGULATIONS CAR 145.50 Certification of maintenance


CAR 145.1 General CAR 145.55 Maintenance records
CAR 145.10 Scope CAR 145.60 Occurrence reporting
CAR 145.15 Application CAR 145.65 Safety and quality policy, maintenance
CAR 145.20 Terms of approval procedures and quality system
CAR 145.25 Facility requirements CAR 145.70 Maintenance organization exposition
CAR 145.30 Personnel requirements CAR 145.75 Privileges of the organization
CAR 145.35 Certifying staff and category B1 + B2 CAR 145.80 Limitations on the organization
support staff CAR 145.85 Changes to the organization
CAR 145.40 Equipment, tools and material CAR 145.90 Continued validity
CAR 145.42 Acceptance of components CAR 145.95 Findings
CAR 145.45 Maintenance data
CAR 145.47 Production planning

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General (CAR 145.1)
▪ Organisations involved in the maintenance of all aircraft
registered in UAE in all categories of operations, except aircraft
below 5700 kg Maximum Certificated Take-Off Mass (MCTOM)
in non-commercial air transport, and components intended for
fitment thereto, shall be approved in accordance with CAR-145.
▪ Unless maintained by CAR-145 organisation, non-commercial air
transport category aircraft below 5700 kg MCTOM shall comply
with the requirements stipulated in CAR-M Subpart F.

Scope (CAR 145.1)


▪ This Section establishes the requirements to be met by an
organisation to qualify for the issue or continuation of an
approval for the maintenance of aircraft and components.

Application (CAR 145.15)


▪ An application for the issue, renewal, or change of an approval
shall be made in a form and manner established by the GCAA.

Terms of Approval (CAR 145.15)


▪ The organisation shall specify the scope of work deemed to
constitute approval in its exposition (Appendix II to CAR-145
contains a table of all classes and ratings).
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Facility Requirement (CAR 145.25)

The organisation shall ensure that:


a) Facilities are provided appropriate for all planned work, ensuring in particular, protection from the weather elements.
Specialized workshops and bays are segregated, as appropriate, to ensure that environmental and work area contamination
is unlikely to occur.
1. For base maintenance of aircraft, aircraft hangars are both available and large enough to accommodate aircraft on
planned base maintenance;
2. For component maintenance, component workshops are large enough to accommodate the components on planned
maintenance.
b) Office accommodation is provided for the management of the planned work referred to in paragraph (a), and certifying
staff so that they can carry out their designated tasks in a manner that contributes to good aircraft maintenance standards.
c) The working environment including aircraft hangars, component workshops and office accommodation is appropriate for
the task carried out and in particular special requirements observed. Unless otherwise dictated by the particular task
environment, the working environment must be such that the effectiveness of personnel is not impaired:
1. Temperatures must be maintained such that personnel can carry out required tasks without undue discomfort.
2. Dust and any other airborne contamination are kept to a minimum and not be permitted to reach a level in the work
task area where visible aircraft/component surface contamination is evident. Where dust/ other airborne
contamination results in visible surface contamination, all susceptible systems are sealed until acceptable conditions
are re-established.
3. Lighting is such as to ensure each inspection and maintenance task can be carried out in an effective manner.

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Facility Requirement (CAR 145.25)

4. Noise shall not distract personnel from carrying out inspection tasks. Where it is impractical to control the noise source,
such personnel are provided with the necessary personal equipment to stop excessive noise causing distraction during
inspection tasks.
5. Where a particular maintenance task requires the application of specific environmental conditions different to the
foregoing, then such conditions are observed. Specific conditions are identified in the maintenance data.
6. The working environment for line maintenance is such that the particular maintenance or inspection task can be carried
out without undue distraction. Therefore where the working environment deteriorates to an unacceptable level in
respect of temperature, moisture, hail, ice, snow, wind, light, dust/other airborne contamination, the particular
maintenance or inspection tasks must be suspended until satisfactory conditions are re-established.
d) Secure storage facilities are provided for components, equipment, tools and material. Storage conditions ensure segregation
of serviceable components and material from unserviceable aircraft components, material, equipment and tools. The
conditions of storage are in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions to prevent deterioration and damage of stored
items. Access to storage facilities is restricted to authorised personnel.

Personnel Requirement (CAR 145.30)

a) The organisation shall appoint an accountable manager who has corporate Authority for ensuring that all maintenance
required by the customer can be financed and carried out to the standard required by this regulation. The accountable
manager shall:

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1. Ensure that all necessary resources are available to accomplish maintenance in accordance with 145.65(b) to support
the organisation approval.
2. Establish and promote the safety and quality policy specified in 145.65(a).
3. Demonstrate a basic understanding of this regulation.
b) The organisation shall nominate a person or group of persons, whose responsibilities include ensuring that the organisation
complies with this regulation. Such person(s) shall ultimately be responsible to the accountable manager.
1. The person or persons nominated shall represent the maintenance management structure of the organisation and be
responsible for all functions specified in this Regulation.
2. The person or persons nominated shall be identified and their credentials submitted in a form and manner established
by the GCAA.
3. The person or persons nominated shall be able to demonstrate relevant knowledge, background and satisfactory
experience related to aircraft or component maintenance and demonstrate a working knowledge of this regulation.
4. Procedures shall make clear who deputizes for any particular person in the case of lengthy absence of the said person.
c) The accountable manager under paragraph (a) shall appoint a person with responsibility for monitoring the quality system,
including the associated feedback system as required by 145.65(c). The appointed person shall have direct access to the
accountable manager to ensure that the accountable manager is kept properly informed on quality and compliance matters.
d) The organisation shall have a maintenance man-hour plan showing that the organisation has sufficient staff to plan, perform,
supervise, inspect and quality monitor the organisation in accordance with the approval. In addition the organisation shall
have a procedure to reassess work intended to be carried out when actual staff availability is less than the planned staffing
level for any particular work shift or period.

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e) The organisation shall establish and control the competence of personnel involved in any maintenance, management and/or
quality audits in accordance with a procedure and to a standard agreed by the GCAA. In addition to the necessary expertise
related to the job function, competence must include an understanding of the application of human factors and human
performance issues appropriate to that person's function in the organisation.
▪ ‘Human factors‘ means principles which apply to aeronautical design, certification, training, operations and
maintenance and which seek safe interface between the human and other system components by proper consideration
of human performance. ‘Human performance‘ means human capabilities and limitations which have an impact on the
safety and efficiency of aeronautical operations.
f) The organisation shall ensure that personnel who carry out and/or control a continued airworthiness non-destructive test of
aircraft structures and/or components are appropriately qualified for the particular non-destructive test in accordance with
the European or equivalent Standard which is acceptable to the GCAA. Personnel who carry out any other specialized task
shall be appropriately qualified in accordance with officially recognized Standards. By derogation to this paragraph those
personnel specified in paragraphs (g) and (h)(1) and (h)(2), qualified in CAR 66 category B1 or B3 in accordance with
Appendix III to CAR 66 may carry out and/or control colour contrast dye penetrant tests.
g) Any organisation maintaining aircraft, except where stated otherwise in paragraph (j), shall in the case of aircraft line
maintenance, have appropriate aircraft type rated certifying staff qualified as category B1, B2 and B3, as appropriate, in
accordance with CAR-66 and 145.35.
▪ In addition, such organisations may also use appropriately task trained certifying staff holding the privileges described
in CAR 66.20(a)(1) and CAR 66.20(a)(3)(ii) and qualified in accordance with CAR-66 and 145.35 to carry out minor
scheduled line maintenance and simple defect rectification. The availability of such certifying staff shall not replace the
need for CAR 66 category B1, B2 and B3 certifying staff, as appropriate.

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h) Any organisation maintaining aircraft, except where stated otherwise in paragraph (j) shall:
1. In the case of base maintenance of large aircraft, have appropriate aircraft type rated certifying staff qualified as
category C in accordance with CAR-66 and 145.35. In addition the organisation shall have sufficient aircraft type rated
staff qualified as category B1 and B2 in accordance with CAR-66 and 145.35 to support the category C certifying staff:
i. B1 and B2 support staff shall ensure that all relevant tasks or inspections have been carried out to the required
standard before the category C certifying staff issues the certificate of release to service.
ii. The organisation shall maintain a register of any such B1 and B2 support staff.
iii. The category C certifying staff shall ensure that compliance with paragraph (i) has been met and that all work
required by the customer has been accomplished during the particular base maintenance check or work package,
and shall also assess the impact of any work not carried out with a view to either requiring its accomplishment or
agreeing with the operator to defer such work to another specified check or time limit.
2. In the case of base maintenance of aircraft other than large aircraft have either:
i. Appropriate aircraft type rated certifying staff qualified as category B1, B2 and B3 in accordance with CAR-66 and
145.35 or,
ii. Appropriate aircraft type rated certifying staff qualified in category C assisted by support staff as specified in
145.35(a)(i).
i) Component certifying staff shall be appropriately qualified.
j) By derogation to paragraphs (g) and (h), the organisation may use certifying staff qualified in accordance with the following
provisions:
1. For organisation facilities located outside the UAE territory, certifying staff may be qualified in accordance with their
national aviation regulation of the state in which the organisation facility is registered subject to the conditions
specified in Appendix IV to this Regulation.

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2. For line maintenance carried out at a line station of an organisation which is located outside the UAE territory, the
certifying staff may be qualified in accordance with the national aviation regulations of the State in which the line
station is based or where the approved organisation is registered, or in accordance with EASA Part 66 regulation,
subject to the conditions specified in Appendix IV to CAR-145.
3. For a repetitive pre-flight airworthiness directive which specifically states that the flight crew may carry out such
airworthiness directive, the organisation may issue a limited certification Authorisation to the aircraft commander
and/or the flight engineer on the basis of the flight crew licence held. However, the organisation shall ensure that
sufficient practical training has been carried out to ensure that such aircraft commander or flight engineer can
accomplish the airworthiness directive to the required standard.
4. In the case of aircraft operating away from a supported location the organisation may issue a limited certification
Authorisation to the commander and/or the flight engineer on the basis of the flight crew licence held subject to being
satisfied that sufficient practical training has been carried out to ensure that the commander or flight engineer can
accomplish the specified task to the required standard. The provisions of this paragraph shall be detailed in an
exposition procedure.
5. In the following unforeseen cases, where an aircraft is grounded at a location other than the main base where no
appropriate certifying staff are available, the organisation contracted to provide maintenance support may issue a one-
off certification authorisation;
i. To one of its employees holding equivalent type authorisations on aircraft of similar technology, construction and
systems; or
ii. To any person with not less than five years maintenance experience and holding a valid ICAO aircraft
maintenance licence rated for the aircraft type requiring certification provided there is no organisation
appropriately approved under this regulation at that location and the contracted organisation obtains and holds
on file evidence of the experience and the licence of that person.
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All such cases as specified in this subparagraph shall be reported to the GCAA within seven days of the issue of such
certification authorisation. The organisation issuing the one-off Authorisation shall ensure that any such maintenance that
could affect flight safety is re-checked by an appropriately approved organisation.

Certifying staff and support staff (CAR 145.35)

a) In addition to the appropriate requirements of 145.30(g) and 145.30(h), the organisation shall ensure that certifying staff
and support staff have an adequate understanding of the relevant aircraft and/or components to be maintained together
with the associated organisation procedures. In the case of certifying staff, this must be accomplished before the issue or re-
issue of the certification authorisation.
i. “Support Staff” means those staff holding CAR 66 aircraft maintenance licence in category B1, B2 and/or B3 with the
appropriate type ratings, working in base maintenance environment while not necessarily holding certification
authorisation.
ii. “Relevant aircraft and/or components”, means those aircraft or components specified in the particular certification
authorisation.
iii. Certification authorisation’ means the Authorisation issued to certifying staff by the organisation and which specifies
the fact that they may sign certificates of release to service within the limitations stated in such Authorisation on
behalf of the approved organisation.
b) Excepting those cases listed in 145.30(j) the organisation may only issue a certification Authorisation to certifying staff in
relation to the basic categories or subcategories and any type rating listed on the aircraft maintenance licence as required
by CAR 66, subject to the licence remaining valid throughout the validity period of the Authorisation and the certifying staff
remaining in compliance with CAR 66.

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c) The organisation shall ensure that all certifying staff and support staff are involved in at least six months of actual relevant
aircraft or component maintenance experience in any consecutive two year period. For the purpose of this paragraph
involved in actual relevant aircraft or component ‘maintenance’ means that the person has worked in an aircraft or
component maintenance environment and has either exercised the privileges of the certification Authorisation and/or has
actually carried out maintenance on at least some of the aircraft type systems specified in the particular certification
authorisation. (See AMC 66.20(b)(2))
d) The organisation shall ensure that all certifying staff and support staff receive sufficient continuation training in each two
year period to ensure that such staff have up-to-date knowledge of relevant technology, organisation procedures and
human factor issues.
e) The organisation shall establish a programme for continuation training for certifying staff and support staff, including a
procedure to ensure compliance with the relevant paragraphs of 145.35 as the basis for issuing certification authorisations
under this regulation to certifying staff, and a procedure to ensure compliance with CAR 66.
f) Except where any of the unforeseen cases of 145.30(j)(5) apply, the organisation shall assess all prospective certifying staff
for their competence, qualification and capability to carry out their intended certifying duties in accordance with a
procedure as specified in the exposition prior to the issue or re-issue of a certification Authorisation under this regulation.
g) When the conditions of paragraphs (a), (b), (d), (f) and, where applicable, paragraph (c) have been fulfilled by the certifying
staff, the organisation shall issue a certification Authorisation that clearly specifies the scope and limits of such
authorisation. Continued validity of the certification Authorisation is dependent upon continued compliance with
paragraphs (a), (b), (d), and where applicable, paragraph (c).
h) The certification Authorisation must be in a style that makes its scope clear to the certifying staff and any authorised person
who may require examining the authorisation. Where codes are used to define scope, the organisation shall make a code
translation readily available. ‘Authorised person’ means the officials of the Authority who has responsibility for the oversight
of the maintained aircraft or component.
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i) The person responsible for the quality system shall also remain responsible on behalf of the organisation for issuing
certification authorisations to certifying staff. Such person may nominate other persons to actually issue or revoke the
certification authorisations in accordance with a procedure as specified in the exposition.
j) The organisation shall maintain a record of all certifying staff and support staff , which shall contain:
i. The details of any aircraft maintenance licence held under CAR 66; and
ii. All relevant training completed; and
iii. The scope of the certification authorisations issued, where relevant, and
iv. Particulars of staff with limited or one-off certification authorisations.
The organisation shall retain the record for at least three years after the staff referred in this paragraph have ceased
employment with the organisation or as soon as the Authorisation has been withdrawn. In addition, upon request, the
maintenance organisation shall furnish staff referred to in this paragraph with a copy of their personal record on leaving the
organisation.
The staff referred to in this paragraph shall be given access on request to their personal records as detailed above.
k) The organisation shall provide certifying staff with a copy of their certification Authorisation in either a documented or
electronic format.
l) Certifying staff shall produce their certification Authorisation to any authorised person within 24 hours.
m) The minimum age for certifying staff and support staff is 21 years.
n) The holder of a category A aircraft maintenance licence may only exercise certification privileges on a specific aircraft type
following the satisfactory completion of the relevant category A aircraft task training carried out by an organisation
appropriately approved in accordance with CAR-145 or CAR-147. This training shall include practical hands on training and
theoretical training as appropriate for each task authorised. Satisfactory completion of training shall be demonstrated by an
examination or by workplace assessment carried out by the organisation.

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o) The holder of a category B2 aircraft maintenance licence may only exercise the certification privileges described in CAR
66.20(a)(3)(ii) of CAR 66 following the satisfactory completion of:
i. The relevant category A aircraft task training, and
ii. 6 months of documented practical experience covering the scope of the authorisation that will be issued. The task
training shall include practical hands on training and theoretical training as appropriate for each task authorised.
Satisfactory completion of training shall be demonstrated by an examination or by workplace assessment. Task training
and examination/assessment shall be carried out by the maintenance organisation issuing the certifying staff
authorisation. The practical experience shall be also obtained within such maintenance organisation
NOTE: The certification privileges are limited to the rating already endorsed in the B2 aircraft maintenance licence.

Equipment, tools and material (CAR 145.40)

a) The organisation shall have available and use the necessary equipment, tools and material to perform the approved scope
of work:
1. Where the manufacturer specifies a particular tool or equipment, the organisation shall use that tool or equipment,
unless the use of alternative tooling or equipment is agreed by the GCAA via procedures specified in the exposition.
2. Equipment and tools must be permanently available, except in the case of any tool or equipment that is so infrequently
used that its permanent availability is not necessary. Such cases shall be detailed in an exposition procedure.
3. An organisation approved for base maintenance shall have sufficient aircraft access equipment and inspection
platforms/docking such that the aircraft can be properly inspected.
b) The organisation shall ensure that all tools, equipment and particularly test equipment, as appropriate, are controlled and
calibrated according to an officially recognized standard at a frequency to ensure serviceability and accuracy. Records of such
calibrations and traceability to the standard used shall be kept by the organisation.
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Acceptance of components (CAR 145.42)
a) The All components shall be classified and appropriately segregated into the following categories:
1. Components other than those under points 1a and 1b which are in a satisfactory condition, released on an AW Form 1
or equivalent and marked in accordance with CAR 21 Subpart Q or equivalent.
a) 1a. Restored UAE complete engine which is in a satisfactory condition released on an AW Form 1 as per 145.50 by
an appropriately rated GCAA AMO.
b) 1b. Components authorised to be manufactured under CAR-MOA which are in a satisfactory condition, released
on an AW Form 299 and marked in accordance with CAR-MOA.
2. Unserviceable components which shall be maintained in accordance with this section.
3. Unsalvageable components which are classified in accordance with 145.42(d).
4. Standard parts used on an aircraft, engine, propeller or other aircraft component when specified in the manufacturer's
illustrated parts catalogue and/or the maintenance data.
5. Material both raw and consumable used in the course of maintenance when the organisation is satisfied that the
material meets the required specification and has appropriate traceability. All material must be accompanied by
documentation clearly relating to the particular material and containing conformity to specification statement plus
both the manufacturing and supplier source.
b) Prior to installation of a component, the organisation shall ensure that the particular component is eligible to be fitted when
different modification and/or airworthiness directive standards may be applicable.
c) The organisation may fabricate a restricted range of parts to be used in the course of undergoing work within its own
facilities provided procedures are identified in the exposition.
d) Components which have reached their certified life limit or contain a non-repairable defect shall be classified as
unsalvageable and shall not be permitted to re-enter the component supply system unless certified life limits have been
extended or a repair solution has been approved according to CAR 21.
e) Reserved.
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Maintenance data (CAR 145.45)
a) The organisation shall hold and use applicable current maintenance data in the performance of maintenance, including
modifications and repairs. ‘Applicable’ means relevant to any aircraft, component or process specified in the organisation's
approval class rating schedule and in any associated capability list.
In the case of maintenance data provided by an operator or customer, the organisation shall hold such data when the work
is in progress, with the exception of the need to comply with 145.55(c).

b) For the purposes of this regulation, applicable maintenance data shall be any of the following:
1. Any applicable requirement, procedure, operational directive or information issued by the GCAA;
2. Any applicable airworthiness directive;
3. Instructions for continuing airworthiness, issued by type certificate holders supplementary type certificate holders, any
other organisation required to publish such data by CAR 21 and in the case of aircraft or components from third
countries the airworthiness data mandated by the GCAA;
4. Any applicable standard, such as but not limited to, maintenance standard practices recognized by the GCAA as a good
standard for maintenance;
5. Any applicable data issued in accordance with paragraph (d).

c) The organisation shall establish procedures to ensure that if found, any inaccurate, incomplete or ambiguous procedure,
practice, information or maintenance instruction contained in the maintenance data used by maintenance personnel is
recorded and notified to the author of the maintenance data.

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Maintenance data (CAR 145.45)
d) The organisation may only modify maintenance instructions in accordance with a procedure specified in the maintenance
organisation's exposition. With respect to those changes, the organisation shall demonstrate that they result in equivalent or
improved maintenance standards and shall inform the type-certificate holder of such changes. Maintenance instructions for
the purposes of this paragraph means instructions on how to carry out the particular maintenance task: they exclude the
engineering design of repairs and modifications
e) The organisation shall provide a common work card or worksheet system to be used throughout relevant parts of the
organisation. In addition, the organisation shall either transcribe accurately the maintenance data contained in paragraphs
(b) and (d) onto such work cards or worksheets or make precise reference to the particular maintenance task or tasks
contained in such maintenance data. Work cards and worksheets may be computer generated and held on an electronic
database subject to both adequate safeguards against unauthorised alteration and a back-up electronic database which shall
be updated within 24 hours of any entry made to the main electronic database. Complex maintenance tasks shall be
transcribed onto the work cards or worksheets and subdivided into clear stages to ensure a record of the accomplishment of
the complete maintenance task.
f) Where the organisation provides a maintenance service to an aircraft operator who requires their work card or worksheet
system to be used then such work card or worksheet system may be used. In this case, the organisation shall establish a
procedure to ensure correct completion of the aircraft operators' work cards or worksheets.
g) The organisation shall ensure that all applicable maintenance data is readily available for use when required by maintenance
personnel.
h) (g) The organisation shall establish a procedure to ensure that maintenance data it controls is kept up to date. In the case of
operator/customer controlled and provided maintenance data, the organisation shall be able to show that it has written
confirmation from the operator/customer that all such maintenance data is up to date or it has work orders specifying the
amendment status of the maintenance data to be used or it can prove that it is on the operator/customer maintenance data
amendment distribution list.
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Production planning (CAR 145.47)
a) The organisation shall have a system appropriate to the amount and complexity of work to plan the availability of all
necessary personnel, tools, equipment, material, maintenance data and facilities in order to ensure the safe completion of
the maintenance work.
b) The planning of maintenance tasks, and the organising of shifts, shall take into account human performance limitations.
c) When it is required to hand over the continuation or completion of maintenance tasks for reasons of a shift or personnel
changeover, relevant information shall be adequately communicated between outgoing and incoming personnel.

Performance of Maintenance (CAR 145.48)


The organisation shall establish, implement and maintain procedures to ensure that:
a) After completion of maintenance a general verification is carried out to ensure that the aircraft or component is clear of all
tools, equipment and any extraneous parts or material, and that all access panels removed have been refitted;
b) An error capturing method is implemented after the performance of any critical maintenance task;
c) The risk of multiple errors during maintenance and the risk of errors being repeated in identical maintenance tasks are
minimised; and,
d) Damage is assessed and modifications and repairs are carried out using data specified in point CAR M.304.

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Certification of maintenance (CAR 145.50)
a) A certificate of release to service shall be issued by appropriately authorised certifying staff on behalf of the organisation
when it has been verified that all maintenance ordered has been properly carried out by the organisation in accordance with
the procedures specified in 145.70, taking into account the availability and use of the maintenance data specified in 145.45
and that there are no non-compliances which are known to endanger the flight safety..
b) A certificate of release to service shall be issued before flight at the completion of any maintenance.
c) New defects or incomplete maintenance work orders identified during the above maintenance shall be brought to the
attention of the aircraft operator for the specific purpose of obtaining agreement to rectify such defects or completing the
missing elements of the maintenance work order. In the case where the aircraft operator declines to have such maintenance
carried out under this paragraph, paragraph (e) is applicable.
d) A certificate of release to service shall be issued at the completion of any maintenance on a component whilst off the
aircraft. The authorised release certificate ― AW Form 1 referred to in Appendix II to CAR-M constitutes the component
certificate of release to service. When an organisation maintains a component for its own use, an AW Form 1 may not be
necessary depending upon the organisation’s internal release procedures defined in the exposition.
e) By derogation to paragraph (a), when the organisation is unable to complete all maintenance ordered, it may issue a
certificate of release to service within the approved aircraft limitations. The organisation shall enter such fact in the aircraft
certificate of release to service before the issue of such certificate.
f) By derogation to paragraph (a) and 145.42, when an aircraft is grounded at a location other than the main line station or
main maintenance base due to the non- availability of a component with the appropriate release certificate, it is permissible
to temporarily fit a component without the appropriate release certificate for a maximum of 30 flight hours or until the
aircraft first returns to the main line station or main maintenance base, whichever is the sooner, subject to the aircraft
operator agreement and said component having a suitable release certificate but otherwise in compliance with all applicable
maintenance and operational requirements. Such components shall be removed by the above prescribed time limit unless
an appropriate release certificate has been obtained in the meantime under paragraph (a) and 145.42.
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Maintenance records (CAR 145.55)
a) The organisation shall record all details of maintenance work carried out. As a minimum, the organisation shall retain records
necessary to prove that all requirements have been met for issue of the certificate of release to service, including
subcontractor's release documents.
b) The organisation shall provide a copy of each certificate of release to service to the aircraft operator, together with a copy of
any specific approved repair/modification data used for repairs/modifications carried out.
c) The organisation shall retain a copy of all detailed maintenance records and any associated maintenance data for three years
from the date the aircraft or component to which the work relates was released from the organisation.
1. Records under this paragraph shall be stored in a manner that ensures protection from damage, alteration, and theft.
2. Computer backup discs, tapes etc., shall be stored in a different location from that containing the working discs, tapes
etc., in an environment that ensures they remain in good condition.
3. Where an organisation approved under this CAR terminates its operation, all retained maintenance records covering the
last three years shall be distributed to the last owner or customer of the respective aircraft or component or shall be
stored as specified by the GCAA.

Occurrence Reporting (CAR 145.60)


a) The organisation shall notify and report to the GCAA, the state of registry and the organisation responsible for the design of
the aircraft or component any condition of the aircraft or component identified by the organisation that has resulted or may
result in an unsafe condition that hazards seriously the flight safety.
b) The organisation shall establish an internal occurrence reporting system as detailed in the exposition to enable the collection
and evaluation of such reports, including the assessment and extraction of those occurrences to be reported under
paragraph (a). This procedure shall identify adverse trends, corrective actions taken or to be taken by the organisation to
address deficiencies an include evaluation of all known relevant information relating to such occurrences and a method to
circulate the information as necessary.
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Occurrence Reporting (CAR 145.60)
c) The organisation shall make such reports in a form and manner established by the GCAA and ensures that they contain all
pertinent information about the condition and evaluation results known to the person or organisation and details of the
investigation and actions it intends to take to prevent similar occurrences in the future.
d) Where the organisation is contracted by a commercial operator to carry out maintenance, the organisation shall also report
to the operator any such condition affecting the operator's aircraft or component.
e) Notification and Reports shall be made to the GCAA within the established reporting timeframes.

Safety and quality policy, maintenance procedures and quality system (CAR 145.65)
a) The organisation shall establish a safety and quality policy for the organisation to be included in the exposition under 145.70.
b) The organisation shall establish procedures agreed by the GCAA taking into account human factors and human performance
to ensure good maintenance practices and compliance with the applicable requirements established in 145.25 to 145.95
including requirements of CAR-M mentioned in this CAR and requirements contained in 10.2 of CAR Part VI Chapter 3.
The procedures under this point shall:
1. Ensure that a clear work order or contract has been agreed between the organisation and the organisation requesting
maintenance to clearly establish the maintenance to be carried out so that aircraft and components may be released to
service in accordance with 145.50; and,
2. Cover all aspects of carrying out the maintenance activity, including the provision and control of specialized services and
lay down the standards to which the organisation intends to work.

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Safety and quality policy, maintenance procedures and quality system (CAR 145.65)
c) The organisation shall establish a quality system that includes the following:
1. Independent audits in order to monitor compliance with required aircraft/aircraft component standards and adequacy
of the procedures to ensure that such procedures invoke good maintenance practices and airworthy aircraft/aircraft
components. In the smallest organisations the independent audit part of the quality system may be contracted when
authorised by the GCAA to another organisation approved under this CAR or a person with appropriate technical
knowledge and proven satisfactory audit experience; and
2. A quality feedback reporting system to the person or group of persons specified in 145.30(b) and ultimately to the
accountable manager that ensures proper and timely corrective action is taken in response to reports resulting from the
independent audits established to meet paragraph (1).
d) The organisation shall establish a safety management system in accordance with CAR-X, if applicable.

Maintenance Organisation Exposition (CAR 145.70)


a) ‘Maintenance organisation exposition‘ means the document or documents that contain the material specifying the scope of
work deemed to constitute approval and showing how the organisation intends to comply with this regulation. The
organisation shall provide the GCAA with a maintenance organisation exposition, containing the following information:
1. A statement signed by the accountable manager confirming that the maintenance organisation exposition and any
referenced associated manuals define the organisation's compliance with this regulation and will be complied with at
all times. When the accountable manager is not the chief executive officer of the organisation then such chief executive
officer shall countersign the statement;
2. The organisation's safety and quality policy as specified by 145.65;
3. The title(s) and name(s) of the persons nominated under 145.30(b);

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Maintenance Organisation Exposition (CAR 145.70)
6. A list of certifying staff and support staff;
7. A general description of manpower resources;
8. A general description of the facilities located at each address specified in the organisation's certificate ;
9. A specification of the organisation's scope of work relevant to the extent of approval;
10. The notification procedure of 145.85 for organisation changes;
11. The maintenance organisation exposition amendment procedure;
12. The procedures and quality system established by the organisation under 145.25 to 145.90 including requirements of
CAR-M mentioned in this CAR and requirements contained in 10.2 of CAR Part VI Chapter 3;
13. A list of commercial operators, where applicable, to which the organisation provides an aircraft maintenance service;
14. A list of subcontracted organisations, where applicable, as specified in 145.75(b);
15. A list of line stations, where applicable, as specified in 145.75(d);
16. A list of contracted organisations, where applicable.
b) The exposition shall be amended as necessary to remain an up-to-date description of the organisation. The exposition and
any subsequent amendment shall be approved by the GCAA.
c) Notwithstanding paragraph (b) minor amendment to the exposition may be approved through an exposition procedure,
subject to the criteria of the minor amendment is defined in the exposition.
d) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) and (b), the GCAA may accept the exposition produced by the organisation supplemented by
specific control procedures to address the differences to ensure compliance with CAR-145.

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Privileges of the organisation (CAR 145.75)
In accordance with the approved exposition, the organisation and the GCAA approval shall be entitled to carry out the following
tasks:
a) Maintain any aircraft and/or component for which it is approved at the locations identified in the certificate and in the
exposition;
b) Arrange for maintenance of any aircraft or component for which it is approved at another organisation that is working under
the quality system of the organisation. This refers to work being carried out by an organisation not itself appropriately
approved to carry out such maintenance under this Regulation and is limited to the work scope permitted under 145.65(b)
procedures. This work scope shall not include a base maintenance check of an aircraft or a complete workshop maintenance
check or overhaul of an engine or engine module; A base maintenance check of an aircraft or a complete workshop
maintenance check or overhaul of an engine shall be carried out by organisations approved by the GCAA.
c) Maintain any aircraft or any component for which it is approved at any location subject to the need for such maintenance
arising either from the un-serviceability of the aircraft or from the necessity of supporting occasional line maintenance,
subject to the conditions specified in the exposition;
d) Maintain any aircraft and/or component for which it is approved at a location identified as a line maintenance location
capable of supporting minor maintenance and only if the organisation exposition both permits such activity and lists such
locations;
e) Issue certificates of release to service in respect of completion of maintenance in accordance with 145.50;
f) Issue certificates of Fitness for Flight to release an aircraft for a flight when it is not possible to issue a Certificate of Release
to Service when and as required by Appendix VII to CAR-145; and
g) Conduct activities as per MORC scheme defined in Section B of this CAR

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Limitations on the organisation (CAR 145.80)
The organisation shall only maintain an aircraft or component for which it is approved when all the necessary facilities,
equipment, tooling, material, maintenance data and certifying staff are available.

Changes to the organisation (CAR 145.85)


The organisation shall notify the GCAA of any proposal to carry out any of the following changes before such changes take place
to enable the GCAA to determine continued compliance with this regulation and to amend, if necessary, the certificate, except
that in the case of proposed changes in personnel not known to the management beforehand, these changes must be notified at
the earliest opportunity:
1. The name of the organisation;
2. The main location of the organisation;
3. Additional locations of the organisation;
4. The accountable manager;
5. Any of the persons nominated under 145.30(b);
6. The facilities, equipment, tools, material, procedures, work scope or certifying staff that could affect the approval.

Continued validity (CAR 145.90)


a) An approval once issued shall remain valid subject to:
1. The organisation remaining in compliance with CAR-145 and CAR Part III Chapter 9, in accordance with the provisions
related to the handling of findings as specified in 145.95, and
2. The GCAA being granted access to the organisation to determine continued compliance with this Regulation, and
3. The certificate not being surrendered or revoked.
b) Upon surrender or revocation, the approval shall be returned to the GCAA.
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Findings (CAR 145.95)
a) Level One (1) – A significant non- compliance with the CAR-145 regulations, which could jeopardize overall safety and
requires immediate corrective action. The organisation’s approval may be provisionally suspended in whole or in part
depending upon the extent of the Level 1 finding until corrective action has been taken.
b) Level Two (2) – A non- compliance with the CAR-145 regulations or the organisation’s procedures, which could lower the
organisation operations, maintenance and safety standard, which require corrective action and compliance within a period
not exceeding thirty (30) days of first notification (inspectors shall use their discretion in setting the time frame).

Note: Repeated Level (2) findings could be an indication of deterioration on the organisations standards and controls. In this
case the Inspector may decide to raise it to Level 1 and limitation on the operation shall apply.

c) A level 3 finding (Observation) is a minor irregularity which are considered as observations and warrant attention.
d) After receipt of notification of findings from the GCAA, the holder of the maintenance organisation approval shall identify the
root cause of each finding and define an action plan, including corrective and preventive actions to address the finding(s) and
prevent reoccurrence to the satisfaction the GCAA. The action plan must be complied with within the period agreed with the
GCAA. Action may be taken by the GCAA to suspend in whole or part the approval in case of failure by an organisation to
comply within the timescale granted by the GCAA

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• This CAR is a part of CAR PART IV – Operational Regulations

Applicability (CAR-OPS 1.001)

a) CAR–OPS 1 prescribes requirements applicable to the operation of any civil aeroplane for the purpose of commercial air
transportation by any operator whose principal place of business is in the United Arab Emirates; and
b) For private operators, except where exempted.

Reserved (CAR-OPS 1.002)

Terminology (CAR-OPS 1.003)


Terms used in this Subpart and not defined in CAR–1 have the following meaning:

a) Air Transport Operator. An Air Transport Operator is a commercial operator of an aeroplane engaged in transportation
of passengers, cargo and mail for remuneration or hire offering service to the public on demand and not to a published
schedule.
b) Air Carrier. An Air Carrier is a commercial operator of an aeroplane engaged in the transportation of passengers, cargo
and mail for remuneration or hire and offering services to the public in accordance with a published schedule.
c) Commercial Activities. Unless otherwise specified by the Authority, the following operations are categorized as
commercial operations;

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Terminology (CAR-OPS 1.003)
Terms used in this Subpart and not defined in CAR–1 have the following meaning:

1. Sightseeing flights ( A to A or A to B within UAE airspace );


2. Aerial work operations, including:
i. Agricultural operations
ii. External load operations
iii. Aerial photography and survey
iv. Aerial reconnaissance
v. Aerial advertising
vi. Air shows and aerial demonstrations
vii. Carriage and dropping of parachutists (operator of aircraft)
viii. Navigation aid calibration
ix. Other activities as determined by the Authority.

d) Operator. An operator means a person, organisation or enterprise engaged in or offering to engage in an aeroplane
operation. The definition, as used in this Part, applies to Private and Commercial operators as applicable.
e) Private Operator. Private operator means a person, organisation or enterprise engaged in the carriage of persons or
cargo not for hire or reward.

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General (CAR-OPS 1.005)

a) An operator shall not operate an aeroplane for the purpose of commercial air transportation other than in accordance
with CAR–OPS Part 1. For operations of Performance Class B aeroplanes; alleviated requirements, can be found in
Appendix 1 to CAR-OPS 1.005(a).Private Operator.
b) An operator regulated under this regulation shall comply with the requirements of CAR-M of CAR Part V.
c) Each aeroplane shall be operated in compliance with the terms of its Certificate of Airworthiness and within the
approved limitations contained in its Aeroplane Flight Manual.
d) All Synthetic Training Devices (STD), such as Flight Simulators or Flight Training Devices (FTD), replacing an aeroplane for
training and/or checking purposes are to be qualified in accordance with CAR-STD requirements and user approved by
the Authority for the exercises to be conducted.

Exemptions (CAR-OPS 1.010)

The Authority may exceptionally grant an exemption from the provisions of CAR–OPS 1 when satisfied that there is a need
and, subject to compliance with any supplementary condition the Authority considers necessary in order to ensure an
acceptable level of safety in the particular case.

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Operational Directives (CAR-OPS 1.015)

a) The Authority may direct by means of an Operational Directive that an operation shall be prohibited, limited or subject
to certain conditions, in the interests of safe operations.
b) Operational Directives state:
1. The reason for issue;
2. Applicability and duration; and
3. Action required by the operator(s).
c) Operational Directives are supplementary to the provisions of CAR-OPS 1.

Laws, Regulations and Procedures – Operator’s Responsibilities (CAR-OPS 1.020)

a) An operator must ensure that:


1. All employees are made aware that they shall comply with the laws, regulations and procedures of those States in
which operations are conducted and which are pertinent to the performance of their duties; and
2. All crew members are familiar with the laws, regulations and procedures pertinent to the performance of their
duties.

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Common Language (CAR-OPS 1.025)

a) An operator must ensure that all crew members can communicate in a common language.
b) An operator must ensure that all operations personnel are able to understand the language in which those parts of the
Operations Manual which pertain to their duties and responsibilities are written.
c) Aeroplane pilots who are required to use the radio telephone aboard an aircraft shall demonstrate the ability to speak
and understand the English language as used for radiotelephony communications.
d) As of 05 March, 2008, aeroplane pilots, shall demonstrate the ability to speak and understand the English language to
the level specified in the language proficiency requirements in ICAO Annex 1, Appendix.
e) As of 05 March, 2008, the language proficiency of aeroplane pilots, who demonstrate proficiency below the Expert
Level (Level 6) as stated in the ICAO Annex 1, Appendix, shall be formally evaluated at intervals in accordance with an
individual’s demonstrated proficiency level, as follows:
1. Those demonstrating proficiency at the Operational Level (Level 4) shall be evaluated once every three years; and
2. Those demonstrating proficiency at the Extended Level (Level 5) shall be evaluated once every six years.

Minimum Equipment Lists – Operator’s Responsibilities (CAR-OPS 1.030)

a) An operator shall establish, for each aeroplane, a Minimum Equipment List (MEL) approved by the Authority. This shall
be based upon, but no less restrictive than, the relevant Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL) (if this exists)
accepted by the Authority.
b) An operator shall not operate an aeroplane other than in accordance with the MEL unless permitted by the Authority.
Any such permission will in no circumstances permit operation outside the constraints of the MMEL.
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Quality System (CAR-OPS 1.035)
Note: (See AMC OPS 1.035 and IEM OPS 1.035)

a) An operator shall establish one Quality System and designate one Quality Manager to monitor compliance with, and the
adequacy of, procedures required to ensure safe operational practices and airworthy aeroplanes. Compliance
monitoring must include a feed-back system to the Accountable Manager (See also CAR-OPS 1.175(h)) to ensure
corrective action as necessary.
b) The Quality System must include a Quality Assurance Programme that contains procedures designed to verify that all
operations are being conducted in accordance with all applicable requirements, standards and procedures.
c) The Quality System and the Quality Manager must be acceptable to the Authority.
d) The quality system must be described in relevant documentation.
e) Notwithstanding sub-paragraph (a) above, the Authority may accept the nomination of two Quality Managers, one for
operations and one for maintenance, provided that the operator has designated one Quality Management Unit to
ensure that the Quality System is applied uniformly throughout the entire operation.

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Safety Management System (CAR-OPS 1.037)
a) An operator shall establish and implement a safety management system as specified by CAR PART X acceptable to the
Authority.
b) A safety management system shall clearly define lines of safety accountability throughout the operator’s organisation,
including a direct accountability for safety on the part of senior management.
c) An operator that operates aeroplanes of a maximum certificated take-off mass in excess of 27000 kg shall establish and
maintain a flight data analysis programme as part of its Safety Management System. (See AC 1.037(c)).
d) A flight data analysis programme shall be non-punitive and contain adequate safeguards to protect the source(s) of the
data. (See AC 1.037(d))
e) An operator shall establish a flight safety documents system, for the use and guidance of operational personnel, as part
of its safety management system.
f) The Safety management system shall include an occurrence reporting scheme to enable the collation and assessment of
relevant incident and accident reports in order to identify adverse trends or to address deficiencies in the interests of
flight safety. Post Holder SMS shall ensure that the scheme shall protect the identity of the reporter and include the
possibility that reports may be submitted anonymously (See AC OPS 1.037 (f)).
g) The Safety management system shall include evaluation of relevant information relating to accidents and incidents and
the promulgation of related information, but not the attribution of blame;
h) The Operator shall manage fatigue risks within the constraints of their approved Flight and Duty Time Schemes. If
supplemental mitigations are required for Fatigue hazards identified as part of their SMS, operators shall introduce
documented company rules to supplement the Flight and Duty Time scheme rules to demonstrably control their fatigue
related risks.
i) The SMS Post Holder shall implement and maintain an updated “safety risk register” accessible to the Authority,
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Documents to be Carried (CAR-OPS 1.125)
(See Appendix 1 to CAR-OPS 1.125)

a) An operator shall ensure that the following are carried on each flight:
1. The Certificate of Registration;
2. The Certificate of Airworthiness;
3. The original or a copy of the Noise Certificate (if applicable), including an English translation, where one has been
provided by the Authority responsible for issuing the noise certificate;
4. The original or a certified true copy of the Air Operator Certificate and a copy of Operations Specification relevant
to the aeroplane type, issued in conjunction with the certificate;
5. The Aircraft Radio Station Licence;
6. The original or a copy of the Insurance Certificate(s), which cover the aircraft, its crew, passengers and third party
liability clauses.
7. Airworthiness Review Certificates (ARC) if applicable
8. Journey Log or General Declaration.
b) Each flight crew member shall, on each flight, carry a valid flight crew licence with appropriate rating(s) for the purpose
of the flight.
c) For operations of A to A or A to B operations within UAE paragraph a(1) and a(2) may be carried in readable certified
true copy format.

Appendix 1 to OPS 1.125 Documents to be carried In case of loss or theft of documents specified in OPS 1.125, the operation
is allowed to continue until the flight reaches the base or a place where a replacement document can be provided.
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Manuals to be Carried (CAR-OPS 1.130)
(See: AMC OPS 1.130 Manuals to be carried & CAAP 18 EFB)

a) An operator shall ensure that:


1. The current parts of the Operations Manual relevant to the duties of the crew are carried on each flight
2. Those parts of the Operations Manual which are required for the conduct of a flight are easily accessible to the
crew on board the aeroplane; and
3. The current Aeroplane Flight Manual is carried in the aeroplane unless the Authority has accepted that the
Operations Manual prescribed in CAR-OPS 1.1045, Appendix 1, Part B contains relevant information for that
aeroplane.

Additional information and forms to be carried (CAR-OPS 1.135)

a) An operator shall ensure that, in addition to the documents and manuals prescribed in CAR-OPS 1.125 and CAR-OPS
1.130, the following information and forms, relevant to the type and area of operation, are carried on each flight:
1. Operational Flight Plan containing at least the information required in CAR-OPS 1.1060 Operational flight plan
2. Operator’s technical log system;
3. Details of the filed ATS flight plan;
4. Appropriate NOTAM/AIP/AIRAC/AIC/AIS briefing documentation;
5. Appropriate meteorological information;
6. Mass and balance documentation as specified in Subpart J;

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Additional information and forms to be carried (CAR-OPS 1.135)

7. Notification of special categories of passenger such as security personnel, if not considered as crew, handicapped
persons, inadmissible passengers, deportees and persons in custody;
8. Notification of special loads including dangerous goods including written information to the commander as
prescribed in AC OPS (IEM) 1.1160(c)(1) Scope – Dangerous goods carried by passengers or crew;
9. Current maps and charts and associated documents as prescribed in CAR-OPS 1.290 Flight preparation (b)(7)
10. Passenger manifest, cargo manifest, mail declaration, navigation certificates etc.; (if applicable) and
11. Forms to comply with the reporting requirements of the Authority and the operator.

b) The Authority may permit the information detailed in sub-paragraph (a) above, or parts thereof, to be presented in a
form other than on printed paper. An acceptable standard of accessibility, usability and reliability must be assured.

Appendix 1 to CAR-OPS 1.135 Additional information and forms to be carried


The Authority may authorize an alleviation against the non-carriage of specific documents for flights within the Emirates FIR.

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General rules for Air Operator Certification/Authorisation (CAR-OPS 1.175)
See Appendix 1 to CAR-OPS 1.175 Contents and conditions of the Air Operator Certificate
The air operator certificate shall contain at least the following:
1. The State of the Operator and the issuing authority;
2. The air operator certificate number and its expiration date;
3. The operator name, trading name (if different) and address of the principal place of business;
4. The date of issue and the name, signature and title of the authority representative; and
5. In an attachment of the air operator certificate, the contact details of operational management at which
operational management can be contacted.

Note 1: Appendix 1 to CAR-OPS 1.175 Contents and conditions of the Air Operator Certificate
Note 2: Appendix 2 to this paragraph specifies the management and organisation requirements.
Note 3: Unless otherwise specified by the Authority, all private aircraft shall meet these requirements for the issuance of an
authorization to operate.

a) An operator shall not operate an aeroplane for the purpose of commercial/private air transportation otherwise than
under, and in accordance with, the terms and conditions of an Air Operator Certificate (AOC)/Authorization.
b) An applicant for an AOC/Authorization, or variation of an AOC/Authorization, shall allow the Authority to examine all
safety aspects of the proposed operation.

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General rules for Air Operator Certification/Authorisation (CAR-OPS 1.175)
See Appendix 1 to CAR-OPS 1.175 Contents and conditions of the Air Operator Certificate
c) An applicant for an AOC/Authorization must:
1. Not hold an AOC/Authorization issued by another Authority unless specifically approved by the Authorities
concerned;
2. Have his principal place of business and, if any, his registered office located in the UAE; (See IEM OPS 1.175(c)(2)
Principal place of business and CAAP 8);
3. Have registered the aeroplanes which are to be operated under the AOC/Authorization in the UAE; and
4. Satisfy the Authority that he is able to conduct safe operations.
d) Notwithstanding sub-paragraph (c)(3) above, an operator may operate, with the mutual agreement of the Authority
issuing the AOC/Authorization and another Authority, aeroplanes registered on the national register of the second-
named Authority.
e) An operator shall grant the Authority access to his organisation and aeroplanes and shall ensure that, with respect to
maintenance, access is granted to any associated CAR 145 maintenance organisation, to determine continued
compliance with CAR–OPS.
f) An AOC/Authorization will be varied, suspended or revoked if the Authority is no longer satisfied that the operator can
maintain safe operations.
g) The operator must satisfy the Authority that;
1. Its organisation and management are suitable and properly matched to the scale and scope of the operation; and
2. Procedures for the supervision of operations have been defined.

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General rules for Air Operator Certification/Authorisation (CAR-OPS 1.175)
See Appendix 1 to CAR-OPS 1.175 Contents and conditions of the Air Operator Certificate
h) The operator must have nominated an Accountable Manager acceptable to the Authority who has corporate authority
for ensuring that all operations and maintenance activities can be financed and carried out to the standard required by
the Authority. (See AMC OPS 1.035)
i) The operator must have nominated post holders, acceptable to the Authority, who are responsible for the management
and supervision of the following areas,
1. Flight operations;
2. The maintenance system;
3. Crew training;
4. Ground operations;
5. Aviation Security;
6. Quality Assurance.
7. SMS
(See AC OPS 1.175(i) Nominated Postholders – Competence)

j) A person may hold more than one of the nominated posts if acceptable to the Authority but, for operators who employ
21 or more full time staff, a minimum of two persons are required to cover all the areas of responsibility with the
exception to the Quality Assurance. (See AC OPS 1.175(j) & (k) Employment of staff)
k) For operators who employ 20 or less full time staff, one or more of the nominated posts may be filled by the
Accountable Manager if acceptable to the Authority. (See AC OPS 1.175 j)

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General rules for Air Operator Certification/Authorisation (CAR-OPS 1.175)
See Appendix 1 to CAR-OPS 1.175 Contents and conditions of the Air Operator Certificate
l) The operator must ensure that every flight is conducted in accordance with the provisions of the Operations Manual.
m) The operator must arrange appropriate ground handling facilities to ensure the safe handling of its flights. Operator shall
ensure that any inadequacy of facilities observed in the course of operations is reported to the authority responsible for
them without undue delay.
n) The operator must ensure that its aeroplanes are equipped and its crews are qualified, as required for the area and type
of operation.
o) The operator must comply with the maintenance requirements, in accordance with CAR V Chapter 4 CAR M, for all
aeroplanes operated under the terms of its AOC/Authorization.
p) The operator must provide the Authority with a copy of the Operations Manual, as specified in Subpart P and all
amendments or revisions to it.
q) The operator must maintain operational support facilities at the main operating base, appropriate for the area and type
of operation.
r) The operator shall be subjected to a continued surveillance conducted by the Authority and must ensure that the
required standards of operations established are maintained.

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Issue, variation and continued validity of an AOC/Authorisation (CAR-OPS 1.180)

a) An operator will not be granted an AOC/Authorisation, or a variation to an AOC/Authorisation, and that


AOC/Authorisation will not remain valid unless:
1. Aeroplanes operated have a valid Certificate of Airworthiness;
2. The maintenance system has been approved by the Authority in accordance with CAR PART V, Chapter 4, CAR M;
and
3. He has satisfied the Authority that he has the ability to:
i. Establish and maintain an adequate organisation;
ii. Establish and maintain a quality system in accordance with CAR-OPS 1.035
iii. Comply with required training programmes;
iv. Comply with maintenance requirements, consistent with the nature and extent of the operations specified,
including the relevant items prescribed in CAR-OPS 1.175(g) to (o); and
v. Comply with CAR-OPS 1.175.
vi. Comply with Safety Management System requirements as prescribed in CAR-OPS 1.037.
b) Notwithstanding the provisions of CAR-OPS 1.185(f), the operator must notify the Authority as soon as practicable of
any changes to the information submitted in accordance with CAR-OPS 1.185(a) below.
c) If the Authority is not satisfied that the requirements of subparagraph (a) above have been met, the Authority may
require the conduct of one or more demonstration flights, operated as if they were commercial air transport flights.

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Administrative requirements (CAR-OPS 1.185)
a) An operator shall ensure that the following information is included in the initial application for an AOC/Authorisation
and, when applicable, any variation or renewal applied for:
1. The official name and business name, address and mailing address of the applicant;
2. A description of the proposed operation;
3. A description of the management organisation;
4. The name of the accountable manager;
5. The names of major post holders, including those responsible for flight operations, the maintenance system, crew
training, aviation security, quality assurance and ground operations together with their qualifications and
experience; and
6. The Operations Manual.
b) In respect of the operator’s maintenance system only, the following information must be included in the initial
application for an AOC/authorisation and, when applicable, any variation or renewal applied for, and for each aeroplane
type to be operated):
1. The operator's CAME ;
2. The operator’s aeroplane maintenance programme(s);
3. The aeroplane technical log;
4. Where appropriate, the technical specification(s) of the maintenance contract(s) between the operator and any
approved maintenance organisation;
5. The number of aeroplanes.

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Administrative requirements (CAR-OPS 1.185)

c) The application for an initial issue of an AOC/authorisation must be submitted at least 90 days before the date of
intended operation except that the Operations Manual may be submitted later but not less than 60 days before the date
of intended operation.
d) The application for the variation of an AOC/authorisation must be submitted at least 30 days, or as otherwise agreed,
before the date of intended operation.
e) The application for the renewal of an AOC must be submitted at least 30 days, or as otherwise agreed, before the end of
the existing period of validity.
f) Other than in exceptional circumstances, the Authority must be given at least 10 days prior notice of a proposed change
of a nominated post holder.
g) The operator shall ensure that pilots are knowledgeable with the descriptions and the authorisations that its contained
in its AOC and Operations Specifications and to add AOC and Operations specifications specimen and its descriptions in
the administration and control of the operations manual part A.

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Occurrence reporting (CAR-OPS 1.420)

Note: Detailed reporting requirements are stipulated in CAR PART VI, Chapter 3 4.2 and 10.2.2 and CAAP 22.
a) Terminology
1. Incident An occurrence, other than an accident, associated with the operation of an aircraft which affects or could
affect the safety of operation.
2. Serious Incident An incident involving circumstances indicating that an accident nearly occurred.
3. Accident An occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft which takes place between the time any
person boards the aircraft the aircraft with the intention of flight until such time as all persons have disembarked,
in which:
i. A person is fatally or seriously injured as a result of:
A. Being in the aircraft;
B. Direct contact with any part of the aircraft, including parts which have become detached from the
aircraft; or,
C. Direct exposure to jet blast;
except when the injuries are from natural causes, self-inflicted or inflicted by other persons, or when the injuries
are to stowaways hiding outside the areas normally available to the passengers and crew: or
ii. the aircraft sustains damage or structural failure which adversely affects the structural strength,
performance or flight characteristics of the aircraft; and would normally require major repair or replacement
of the affected component; except for engine failure or damage, when the damage is limited to the engine,
its cowlings or accessories; or for damage limited to propellers, wing tips, antennas, tyres, brakes, fairings,
small dents or puncture holes in the aircraft skin: or
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Occurrence reporting (CAR-OPS 1.420)

b) Incident Reporting An operator shall establish procedures for reporting incidents taking into account responsibilities
described below and circumstances described in sub-paragraph (d) below.
1. CAR-OPS 1.085(b) specifies the responsibilities of crew members for reporting incidents that endanger, or could
endanger, the safety of operation.
2. The commander or the operator of an aeroplane shall submit a report to the Authority of any incident that
endangers or could endanger the safety of operation.
3. Reports must be despatched within 72 hours of the time when the incident was identified unless exceptional
circumstances prevent this.
4. A commander shall ensure that all known or suspected technical defects and all exceedances of technical
limitations occurring while he was responsible for the flight are recorded in the aircraft technical log. If the
deficiency or exceedance of technical limitations endangers or could endanger the safety of operation, the
commander must in addition initiate the submission of a report to the Authority in accordance with paragraph
(b)(2) above.
5. In the case of incidents reported in accordance with sub- paragraphs (b)(1), (b)(2) and (b)(3) above, arising from, or
relating to, any failure, malfunction or defect in the aeroplane, its equipment or any item of ground support
equipment, or which cause or might cause adverse effects on the continuing airworthiness of the aeroplane, the
operator must also inform the organisation responsible for the design or the supplier or, if applicable, the
organisation responsible for continued airworthiness, at the same time as a report is submitted to the Authority.

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Occurrence reporting (CAR-OPS 1.420)

c) Accident and Serious Incident Reporting An operator shall establish procedures for reporting accidents and serious
incidents taking into account responsibilities described below and circumstances described in sub-paragraph (d) below.
1. A commander shall notify the operator of any accident or serious incident occurring while he was responsible for
the flight. In the event that the commander is incapable of providing such notification, this task shall be
undertaken by any other member of the crew if they are able to do so, note being taken of the succession of
command specified by the operator.
2. An operator shall ensure that the Authority in the State of the operator, the nearest appropriate Authority (if not
the Authority in the State of the operator), and any other organisation required by the State of the operator to be
informed, are notified by the quickest means available of any accident or serious incident and - in the case of
accidents only - at least before the aeroplane is moved unless exceptional circumstances prevent this.
3. The commander or the operator of an aeroplane shall submit a report to the Authority in the State of the operator
within 72 hours of the time when the accident or serious incident occurred.
d) Specific Reports. Occurrences for which specific notification and reporting methods must be used are described below;
1. Air Traffic Incidents A commander shall without delay notify the air traffic service unit concerned of the incident
and shall inform them of his intention to submit an air traffic incident report after the flight has ended whenever
an aircraft in flight has been endangered by:
i. A near collision with any other flying device;
ii. Faulty air traffic procedures or lack of compliance with applicable procedures by air traffic services or by the
flight crew;
iii. Failure of air traffic services facilities.
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Occurrence reporting (CAR-OPS 1.420)
In addition, the commander shall notify the Authority of the incident.

2. Airborne Collision Avoidance System Resolution Advisory A commander shall notify the air traffic service unit concerned
and submit an ACAS report to the Authority whenever an aircraft in flight has manoeuvred in response to an ACAS
Resolution Advisory.
3. Bird Hazards and Strikes
i. A commander shall immediately inform the local air traffic service unit whenever a potential bird hazard is
observed.
ii. If he is aware that a bird strike has occurred, a commander shall submit a written bird strike report after landing to
the Authority whenever an aircraft for which he is responsible suffers a bird strike that results in significant
damage to the aircraft or the loss or malfunction of any essential service. If the bird strike is discovered when the
commander is not available, the operator is responsible for submitting the report.
4. Dangerous Goods Incidents and Accidents. An operator shall report dangerous goods incidents and accidents to the
Authority and the appropriate Authority in the State where the accident or incident occurred, as provided for in
Appendix 1 to CAR-OPS 1.1225. The first report shall be despatched within 72 hours of the event unless exceptional
circumstances prevent this and include the details that are known at that time. If necessary, a subsequent report must
be made as soon as possible giving whatever additional information has been established. (See also CAR-OPS 1.1225)
5. Unlawful Interference Following an act of unlawful interference on board an aircraft, the commander or, in his absence,
the operator shall submit a report as soon as practicable to the local Authority and to the Authority in the State of the
operator. (See also CAR-OPS 1.1245)

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6. Encountering Potential Hazardous Conditions A commander shall notify the appropriate air traffic services unit as soon as
practicable whenever a potentially hazardous condition such as an irregularity in a ground or navigational facility, a
meteorological phenomenon or a volcanic ash cloud is encountered during flight.
7. Health related incidents requiring immediate action: the commander shall notify the appropriate air traffic services unit to
relay information to destination aerodrome, as soon as he/she becomes aware or suspects that there is a traveller on-board
suffering from communicable disease. The operator shall ensure that the operations manual contain information to handle
health related information, particularly communicable disease.

Fasten Seat belt and No Smoking signs (CAR-OPS 1.731)


An operator shall not operate an aeroplane in which all passenger seats are not visible from the flight deck, unless it is equipped
with a means of indicating to all passengers and cabin crew when seat belts shall be fastened and when smoking is not allowed.

Placards (CAR-OPS 1.740)


(See IEM OPS 1.740)
An operator shall not operate an aeroplane unless the following placards are installed;
a) (a) Every exit from the aircraft shall be marked with the words "Exit" and "Emergency Exit” in both English and Arabic script,
or with universal symbolic exit signs.
b) (b) Every exit from and to the aircraft shall be marked with instructions in English and Arabic or with universal symbolic exit
signs to indicate the correct method of opening the exit. The markings shall be placed on or near the inside surface of the
door or other closure of the exit and, if it is operable, from the outside of the aircraft on or near the exterior surface.
c) (c) Every safety related placards intended to be used by passengers and external emergency evacuation crew shall be in both
Arabic and English scripts or with universal symbolic signs. Bilingual placards shall meet the applicable airworthiness
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These notes are prepared using CAR PART V Chapter 4 CAR M - Continuing Airworthiness Requirements

(CAR M.001)
For the purpose of this Chapter, the “Authority” shall be understood as the General Civil Aviation Authority of the United Arab
Emirates whose authority shall cover:
1. Oversight of the continuing airworthiness of individual aircraft and the issue of airworthiness review certificates for
aircraft registered in the State.
2. Oversight of maintenance organisations as specified in Section A, Subpart F of this Chapter (CAR M).
3. Oversight of continuing airworthiness management organisations as specified in Section A, Subpart G of this Chapter
(CAR M).
4. Approval of maintenance programmes for aircraft registered in the State.

SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS


SUBPART A – General
Scope (CAR M.101)
This Section establishes the measures to be taken to ensure that airworthiness is maintained, including maintenance. It also
specifies the conditions to be met by the persons or organisations involved in such continuing airworthiness management.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
SUBPART B - ACCOUNTABILITY
Responsibilities (CAR M.201)

a) The owner is responsible for the continuing airworthiness of an aircraft and shall ensure that no flight takes place unless:
For the purpose of this Chapter, the “Authority” shall be understood as the General Civil Aviation Authority of the United Arab
Emirates whose authority shall cover:
1. The aircraft is maintained in an airworthy condition, and;
2. Any operational and emergency equipment fitted is correctly installed and serviceable or clearly identified as
unserviceable, and;
3. The certificate of airworthiness remains valid, and;
4. The maintenance of the aircraft is performed in accordance with the approved maintenance programme as specified in
CAR M.302.
b) When the aircraft is leased, the responsibilities of the owner are transferred to the lessee if:
1. The lessee is stipulated on the registration document, or;
2. Detailed in the leasing contract.
c) Any person or organisation performing maintenance shall be responsible for the tasks performed.
d) The pilot-in-command or, in the case of commercial air transport, the operator shall be responsible for the satisfactory
accomplishment of the pre-flight inspection. This inspection must be carried out by the pilot or another qualified person but
need not be carried out by an approved maintenance organisation or by CAR 66 certifying staff.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
SUBPART B - ACCOUNTABILITY
Responsibilities (CAR M.201)

e) In order to satisfy the responsibilities of paragraph (a):


1. The owner of an aircraft not listed in paragraphs (f), (h) and (i) must contract the tasks associated with continuing
airworthiness to a continuing airworthiness management organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart
G of CAR M. In this case, the continuing airworthiness management organisation assumes responsibility for the proper
accomplishment of these tasks.
2. Reserved
f) In the case of large aircraft not listed in (h) below, in order to satisfy the responsibilities of paragraph (a) the owner of an
aircraft shall ensure that the tasks associated with continuing airworthiness are performed by an approved continuing
airworthiness management organisation, whether contracted or owned and managed. If a continuing airworthiness
management organisation is contracted, a written contract shall be made in accordance with Appendix I. In this case, the
continuing airworthiness management organisation assumes responsibility for the proper accomplishment of these tasks.
The operator may assume this responsibility if approved pursuant to Section A Subpart G of this this Chapter (CAR M) for the
aircraft it operates.
g) Maintenance of large aircraft, aircraft used for commercial air transport and components thereof shall be carried out by a
CAR 145 approved maintenance organisation.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
SUBPART B - ACCOUNTABILITY
Responsibilities (CAR M.201)

h) In the case of commercial air transport the operator is responsible for the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft it operates
and shall:
1. Be approved, as part of the air operator certificate issued by the GCAA, pursuant to Section A Subpart G of this Chapter
(CAR M) for the aircraft it operates, and
2. Be approved in accordance with CAR 145 or contract such an organisation; and
3. Ensure that paragraph (a) is satisfied.
i) When an operator is engaged in commercial operations, other than commercial air transport, it shall:
1. Be appropriately approved, pursuant to Section A Subpart G of this Chapter (CAR M), for the management of the
continuing airworthiness of the aircraft it operates or contract such an organisation; and
2. Be appropriately approved in accordance with Section A Subpart F of this Chapter (CAR M) (if not listed in paragraph G
above) or CAR 145, or contract such organisations; and
3. Ensure that paragraph (a) is satisfied.
j) The owner/operator is responsible for granting the GCAA access to the organisation/aircraft to determine continued
compliance with this chapter.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
SUBPART B - ACCOUNTABILITY
Occurrence Reporting (CAR M.202)

a) Any person or organisation responsible under CAR M.201 shall report to the GCAA, the organisation responsible for the type
design or supplemental type design and, if applicable, the State of operator, any identified condition of an aircraft or
component that hazards seriously the flight safety.
b) Reports shall be made in a manner established by the GCAA and contain all pertinent information about the condition
known to the person or organisation.
c) Where the person or organisation maintaining the aircraft is contracted by an owner or an operator to carry out
maintenance, the person or the organisation maintaining the aircraft shall also report to the owner, the operator or the
continuing airworthiness management organisation any such condition affecting the owner's or the operator's aircraft or
component.
d) Reports shall be made as soon as practicable, but in any case within 72 hours of the person or organisation identifying the
condition to which the report relates.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
SUBPART C – Continuing Airworthiness
Continuing Airworthiness Task (CAR M.301)

The aircraft continuing airworthiness and the serviceability of both operational and emergency equipment shall be ensured by:
1. The accomplishment of pre-flight inspections;
2. The rectification in accordance with the data specified in CAR M.304 and/or CAR M.401, as applicable, of any defect and
damage affecting safe operation, taking into account, for all large aircraft or aircraft used for commercial air transport, the
minimum equipment list and configuration deviation list as applicable to the aircraft type;
3. The accomplishment of all maintenance, in accordance with the CAR M.302 approved aircraft maintenance programme;
4. For all large aircraft or aircraft used for commercial air transport the analysis of the effectiveness of the CAR M.302 approved
maintenance programme;
5. The accomplishment of any applicable:
i. Airworthiness directive,
ii. Operational directive with a continuing airworthiness impact,
iii. Continued airworthiness requirement established by the GCAA,
iv. Measures mandated by the GCAA in immediate reaction to a safety problem;
6. The accomplishment of modifications and repairs in accordance with CAR M.304;
7. For non-mandatory modifications and/or inspections, for all large aircraft or aircraft used for commercial air transport the
establishment of an embodiment policy;
8. Maintenance check flights, when necessary.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
SUBPART C – Continuing Airworthiness
Aircraft Maintenance programme (CAR M.302)

a) Maintenance of each aircraft shall be organised in accordance with an aircraft maintenance programme.
b) The aircraft maintenance programme and any subsequent amendments shall be approved by the GCAA.
c) When the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft is managed by a continuing airworthiness management organisation
approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Chapter (CAR M), the aircraft maintenance programme and its
amendments may be approved through an indirect approval procedure.
1. In that case, the indirect approval procedure shall be established by the continuing airworthiness management
organisation as part of the Continuing Airworthiness Management Exposition and shall be approved by the GCAA.
2. The continuing airworthiness management organisation shall not use the indirect approval procedure when this
organisation is not under the oversight of the GCAA, unless an agreement exists transferring the responsibility for the
approval of the aircraft maintenance programme to the GCAA responsible for the continuing airworthiness
management organisation.
d) The aircraft maintenance programme must establish compliance with:
1. Instructions issued by the GCAA;
2. Instructions for continuing airworthiness:
i. Issued by the holders of the type certificate, restricted type certificate, supplemental type certificate, major
repair design approval, ETSO authorisation or any other relevant approval issued under CAR 21, and
ii. Included in the certification specifications referred to in point 21.90B or 21.431B of CAR 21 if applicable

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
SUBPART C – Continuing Airworthiness
Aircraft Maintenance programme (CAR M.302)

3. Additional or alternative instructions proposed by the owner or the continuing airworthiness management
organisation once approved in accordance with CAR M.302, except for intervals of safety related tasks referred in
paragraph (e), which may be escalated, subject to sufficient reviews carried out in accordance with paragraph (g) and
only when subject to direct approval in accordance with CAR M.302(b).
e) The aircraft maintenance programme shall contain details, including frequency, of all maintenance to be carried out,
including any specific tasks linked to the type and the specificity of operations.
f) For large aircraft, when the maintenance programme is based on maintenance steering group logic or on condition
monitoring, the aircraft maintenance programme shall include a reliability programme.
g) The aircraft maintenance programme shall be subject to periodic reviews and amended accordingly when necessary. These
reviews will ensure that the programme continues to be valid in light of the operating experience and instructions from the
GCAA whilst taking into account new and/or modified maintenance instructions promulgated by the type certificate and
relevant supplementary type certificate holders and any other organisation that publishes such data in accordance with CAR
21 or in accordance with any other Regulation recognised by the GCAA.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
SUBPART C – Continuing Airworthiness
Airworthiness Directives (CAR M.303)

Any applicable airworthiness directive must be carried out within the requirements of that airworthiness directive.

Data for Modification and Repair (CAR M.304)

Damage shall be assessed and modifications and repairs carried out using as appropriate:
a) Data approved by the GCAA, or
b) Data approved by a CAR 21 design organisation, or
c) Data contained in the certification specifications referred to in point 21.90B or 21.431B of CAR 21

Aircraft Continuing Airworthiness Record System (CAR M.305)

a) At the completion of any maintenance, the certificate of release to service required by CAR M.801 or CAR 145.50 shall be
entered in the aircraft continuing airworthiness records. Each entry shall be made as soon as practicable but in no case more
than 30 days after the day of the maintenance action.
b) For all UAE registered aircraft having a valid Certificate of Airworthiness, the aircraft continuing airworthiness records shall
consist of:

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1. An aircraft logbook, engine logbook(s) or engine module log cards, propeller logbook(s) and log cards, for any service
life limited component as appropriate, and,
2. The operator's technical log.
c) The aircraft type and registration mark, the date, together with total flight time and/or flight cycles and/or landings, as
appropriate, shall be entered in the aircraft logbooks.
d) The aircraft continuing airworthiness records shall contain the current:
1. Status of airworthiness directives and measures mandated by the GCAA in immediate reaction to a safety problem;
2. Status of modifications and repairs;
3. Status of compliance with maintenance programme;
4. Status of service life limited components;
5. Mass and balance report;
6. List of deferred maintenance.
e) In addition to the authorised release document, AW Form 1 or equivalent, the following information relevant to any
component installed (engine, propeller, engine module or service life-limited component) shall be entered in the appropriate
engine or propeller logbook, engine module or service life limited component log card:
1. Identification of the component, and;
2. The type, serial number and registration of the aircraft to which the particular component has been fitted, along with
the reference to the installation and removal of the component, and;
3. The date together with the component’s accumulated total flight time and/or flight cycles and/or landings and/or
calendar time, as appropriate, and;
4. The current paragraph (d) information applicable to the component.

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f) The person responsible for the management of continuing airworthiness tasks pursuant to Section A Subpart B of this
Chapter (CAR M), shall control the records as detailed in this paragraph and present the records to the GCAA upon request.
g) All entries made in the aircraft continuing airworthiness records shall be clear and accurate. When it is necessary to correct
an entry, the correction shall be made in a manner that clearly shows the original entry.
h) An owner or operator shall ensure that a system has been established to keep the following records for the periods
specified:
1. All detailed maintenance records in respect of the aircraft and any service life-limited component fitted thereto, until
such time as the information contained therein is superseded by new information equivalent in scope and detail but
not less than 36 months after the aircraft or component has been released to service; and
2. The total time in service (hours, calendar time, cycles and landings) of the aircraft and all service life limited
components, at least 12 months after the aircraft or component has been permanently withdrawn from service; and
3. The time in service (hours, calendar time, cycles and landings) as appropriate, since last scheduled maintenance of the
component subjected to a service life limit, at least until the component scheduled maintenance has been superseded
by another scheduled maintenance of equivalent work scope and detail; and
4. The current status of compliance with maintenance programme such that compliance with the approved aircraft
maintenance programme can be established, at least until the aircraft or component scheduled maintenance has been
superseded by other scheduled maintenance of equivalent work scope and detail; and
5. The current status of airworthiness directives applicable to the aircraft and components, at least 12 months after the
aircraft or component has been permanently withdrawn from service; and
6. Details of current modifications and repairs to the aircraft, engine(s), propeller(s) and any other component vital to
flight safety, at least 12 months after they have been permanently withdrawn from service.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
SUBPART C – Continuing Airworthiness
Operator's Technical Log System (CAR M.306)

a) An aircraft technical log system shall contain the following information for each aircraft:
1. Information about each flight, necessary to ensure continued flight safety, and;
2. The current aircraft certificate of release to service, and;
3. The current maintenance statement giving the aircraft maintenance status of what scheduled and out of phase
maintenance is next due except that the GCAA may agree to the maintenance statement being kept elsewhere, and;
4. All outstanding deferred defects and related rectification actions that affect the operation of the aircraft, and;
5. Any necessary guidance instructions on maintenance support arrangements.
b) The aircraft technical log system and any subsequent amendment shall be approved by the GCAA.
c) An operator shall ensure that the aircraft technical log is retained for 36 months after the date of the last entry.

Transfer Of Aircraft Continuing Airworthiness Records (CAR M.306)

a) The owner or operator shall ensure when an aircraft is permanently transferred from one owner or operator to another that
the CAR M.305 continuing airworthiness records and, CAR M.306 operator's technical log are also transferred.
b) The owner shall ensure, when he contracts the continuing airworthiness management tasks to a continuing airworthiness
management organisation, that the CAR M.305 continuing airworthiness records are transferred to the organisation.
c) The time periods prescribed for the retention of records shall continue to apply to the new owner, operator or continuing
airworthiness management organisation.
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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart D – Maintenance Standards
Maintenance Data (CAR M.401)

a) The person or organisation maintaining an aircraft shall have access to and use only applicable current maintenance data in
the performance of maintenance including modifications and repairs.
b) (b) For the purposes of this Chapter, applicable maintenance data is:
1. Any applicable requirement, procedure, standard or information issued by the GCAA,
2. Any applicable airworthiness directive,
3. Applicable instructions for continuing airworthiness, promulgated by the type certificate and relevant supplementary
type certificate holders and any other organisation that publishes such data in accordance with CAR 21 or in
accordance with any other Regulation recognised by the GCAA.
4. Any applicable data issued in accordance with CAR 145.45(d).
c) The person or organisation maintaining an aircraft shall ensure that all applicable maintenance data is current and readily
available for use when required. The person or organisation shall establish a work card or worksheet system to be used and
shall either transcribe accurately the maintenance data onto such work cards or worksheets or make precise reference to
the particular maintenance task or tasks contained in such maintenance data.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart D – Maintenance Standards
Performance Of Maintenance (CAR M.402)

a) All maintenance shall be performed by qualified personnel, following the methods, techniques, standards and instructions
specified in the CAR M.401 maintenance data. Furthermore, an independent inspection shall be carried out after any flight
safety sensitive maintenance task unless otherwise specified by CAR 145 and agreed by the GCAA.
b) All maintenance shall be performed using the tools, equipment and material specified in the CAR M.401 maintenance data
unless otherwise specified by CAR 145. Where necessary, tools and equipment shall be controlled and calibrated to an
officially recognised standard.
c) The area in which maintenance is carried out shall be well organised and clean in respect of dirt and contamination.
d) All maintenance shall be performed within any environmental limitations specified in the CAR M.401 maintenance data.
e) In case of inclement weather or lengthy maintenance, proper facilities shall be used.
f) After completion of all maintenance a general verification must be carried out to ensure the aircraft or component is clear of
all tools, equipment and any other extraneous parts and material, and that all access panels removed have been refitted.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart D – Maintenance Standards
Aircraft Defects (CAR M.403)

a) Any aircraft defect that hazards seriously the flight safety shall be rectified before further flight.
b) Only the authorised certifying staff, according to CAR M.801(b)1, CAR M.801(d) or CAR 145 can decide, using CAR M.401
maintenance data, whether an aircraft defect hazards seriously the flight safety and therefore decide when and which
rectification action shall be taken before further flight and which defect rectification can be deferred. However, this does not
apply when:
1. The approved minimum equipment list as mandated by the GCAA is used by the pilot; or,
2. aircraft defects are defined as being acceptable by the GCAA.
c) Any aircraft defect that would not hazard seriously the flight safety shall be rectified as soon as practicable, after the date
the aircraft defect was first identified and within any limits specified in the maintenance data.
d) Any defect not rectified before flight shall be recorded in the CAR M.305 aircraft maintenance record system or CAR M.306
operator's technical log system as applicable.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart E – Components
Installation (CAR M.501)

a) No component may be fitted unless it is in a satisfactory condition, has been appropriately released to service on an AW
Form 1 or equivalent as defined by the GCAA, unless otherwise specified in (CAR 21), (CAR 145), Section A Subpart F of this
Chapter (CAR M) or CAR Part V – Chapter 6.
b) Prior to installation of a component on an aircraft the person or approved maintenance organisation shall ensure that the
particular component is eligible to be fitted when different modification and/or airworthiness directive configurations may
be applicable.
c) Standard parts shall only be fitted to an aircraft or a component when the maintenance data specifies the particular
standard part. Standard parts shall only be fitted when accompanied by evidence of conformity traceable to the applicable
standard.
d) Material being either raw material or consumable material shall only be used on an aircraft or on a component when the
aircraft or component manufacturer states so in relevant maintenance data or as specified in CAR 145. Such material shall
only be used when the material meets the required specification and has appropriate traceability. All material must be
accompanied by documentation clearly relating to the particular material and containing conformity to specification
statement plus both the manufacturing and supplier source.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart E – Components
Component Maintenance (CAR M.502)

a) The maintenance of components shall be performed by maintenance organisations appropriately approved in accordance
with Section A, Subpart F of this Chapter (CAR M) or with CAR 145 or by an organisation approved to issue the equivalent
documents specified in CAR M.501(a).
b) By derogation from paragraph (a), maintenance of a component in accordance with aircraft maintenance data or, if agreed
by the GCAA, in accordance with component maintenance data, may be performed by an A rated organisation approved in
accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Chapter (CAR M) or with (CAR 145) only whilst such components are fitted to
the aircraft. Nevertheless, such an organisation may temporarily remove this component for maintenance, in order to
improve access to the component, except when such removal generates the need for additional maintenance not eligible for
the provisions of this paragraph. Component maintenance performed in accordance with this paragraph is not eligible for
the issuance of an AW Form 1 and shall be subject to the aircraft release requirements provided for in CAR M.801.
c) By derogation from paragraph (a), maintenance of an engine/Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) component in accordance with
engine/APU maintenance data or, if agreed by the GCAA, in accordance with component maintenance data, may be
performed by a B rated organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Chapter (CAR M) or with (CAR
145) only whilst such components are fitted to the engine/APU. Nevertheless, such B rated organisation may temporarily
remove this component for maintenance, in order to improve access to the component, except when such removal
generates the need for additional maintenance not eligible for the provisions of this paragraph.
d) Reserved

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart E – Components
Service Life Limited Components (CAR M.503)
a) Installed service life limited components shall not exceed the approved service life limit as specified in the approved
maintenance programme and airworthiness directives, except as provided for in CAR M.504(c).
b) The approved service life is expressed in calendar time, flight hours, landings or cycles, as appropriate.
c) At the end the approved service life, the component must be removed from the aircraft for maintenance, or for disposal in
the case of components with a certified life limit.

Control Of Unserviceable Components (CAR M.504)


a) A component shall be considered unserviceable in any one of the following circumstances:
1. Expiry of the service life limit as defined in the maintenance program;
2. Non-compliance with the applicable airworthiness directives and other continued airworthiness requirement
mandated by the GCAA;
3. Absence of the necessary information to determine the airworthiness status or eligibility for installation;
4. Evidence of defects or malfunctions;
5. Involvement in an incident or accident likely to affect its serviceability.
b) Unserviceable components shall be identified and stored in a secure location under the control of an approved maintenance
organisation until a decision is made on the future status of such component. Nevertheless, for aircraft not used in
commercial air transport other than large aircraft, the person or organisation that declared the component unserviceable
may transfer its custody, after identifying it as unserviceable, to the aircraft owner provided that such transfer is reflected in
the aircraft logbook or engine logbook or component logbook.
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c) Components which have reached their certified life limit or contain a non-repairable defect shall be classified as
unsalvageable and shall not be permitted to re-enter the component supply system, unless certified life limits have been
extended or a repair solution has been approved according to CAR M.304.
d) Any person or organisation accountable under CAR M shall, in the case of a paragraph (c) unsalvageable components:
1. Retain such component in the paragraph (b) location, or;
2. Arrange for the component to be mutilated in a manner that ensures that it is beyond economic salvage or repair
before relinquishing responsibility for such component.
e) Notwithstanding paragraph (d) a person or organisation accountable under CAR M may transfer responsibility of
components classified as unsalvageable to an organisation for training or research without mutilation.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart F – Maintenance Organisation
Scope (CAR M.601)

This Subpart establishes the requirements to be met by an organisation to qualify for the issue or continuation of an approval for
the maintenance of aircraft and components not listed in CAR M.201(g).

Application (CAR M.602)

An application for issue or change of a maintenance organisation approval shall be made on a form and in a manner established
by the GCAA.

Extent Of Approval (CAR M.603)

a) The grant of approval is indicated by the issue of a certificate by the GCAA. The CAR M. 604 approved maintenance
organisation manual must specify the scope of work deemed to constitute approval.
b) The Appendix 4 to this Chapter defines all classes and ratings possible under Section A Subpart F of this Chapter (CAR M).
c) An approved maintenance organisation may fabricate, in conformity with maintenance data, a restricted range of parts for
their own use in the course of work undertaken within its own facilities, as identified in the maintenance organisation
manual.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart F – Maintenance Organisation
Maintenance Organisation Manual (CAR M.604)

a) The maintenance organisation shall provide a manual containing at least the following information:
1. A statement signed by the accountable manager to confirm that the organisation will continuously work in accordance
with CAR M and the manual at all times. When the accountable manager is not the chief executive officer of the
organisation then such chief executive officer shall countersign the statement, and;
2. The organisation's scope of work, and;
3. The title(s) and name(s) of person(s) referred to in CAR M.606(b), and;
4. An organisation chart showing associated chains of responsibility between the person(s) referred to in CAR M.606(b),
and;
5. A list of certifying staff with their scope of approval, and;
6. A list of locations where maintenance is carried out, together with a general description of the facilities, and;
7. Procedures specifying how the maintenance organisation ensures compliance with this Chapter, and;
8. The maintenance organisation manual amendment procedure(s).
b) The maintenance organisation manual and its amendments shall be approved by the GCAA.
c) Notwithstanding paragraph (b) minor amendments to the manual may be approved through a procedure (hereinafter called
indirect approval).

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart F – Maintenance Organisation
Facilities (CAR M.605)

The organisation shall ensure that:


a) Facilities are provided for all planned work, specialised workshops and bays are segregated as appropriate, to ensure
protection from contamination and the environment.
b) Office accommodation is provided for the management of all planned work including in particular, the completion of
maintenance records.
c) Secure storage facilities are provided for components, equipment, tools and material. Storage conditions shall ensure
segregation of unserviceable components and material from all other components, material, equipment and tools. Storage
conditions shall be in accordance with the manufacturers' instructions and access shall be restricted to authorised
personnel.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart F – Maintenance Organisation
Personnel requirements (CAR M.606)

a) The organisation shall appoint an accountable manager, who has corporate authority for ensuring that all maintenance
required by the customer can be financed and carried out to the standard required by this Chapter.
b) A person or group of persons shall be nominated with the responsibility of ensuring that the organisation is always in
compliance with this Subpart. Such person(s) shall be ultimately responsible to the accountable manager.
c) All paragraph (b) persons shall be able to show relevant knowledge, background and appropriate experience related to
aircraft and/or component maintenance.
d) The organisation shall have appropriate staff for the normal expected contracted work. The use of temporarily sub-
contracted staff is permitted in the case of higher than normally expected contracted work and only for personnel not
issuing a certificate of release to service.
e) The qualification of all personnel involved in maintenance shall be demonstrated and recorded.
f) Personnel who carry out specialised tasks such as welding, non-destructive testing/inspection other than colour contrast
shall be qualified in accordance with an officially recognised standard.
g) The maintenance organisation shall have sufficient certifying staff to issue CAR M.612 and CAR M.613 certificates of release
to service for aircraft and components. They shall comply with the requirements of CAR 66.
h) By derogation from paragraph (g), the organisation may use certifying staff qualified in accordance with the following
provisions when providing maintenance support to operators involved in commercial operations, subject to appropriate
procedures to be approved as part of the organisation’s manual:

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1. For a repetitive pre-flight airworthiness directive which specifically states that the flight crew may carry out such
airworthiness directive, the organisation may issue a limited certifying staff authorisation to the aircraft commander on
the basis of the flight crew licence held, provided that the organisation ensures that sufficient practical training has
been carried out to ensure that such person can accomplish the airworthiness directive to the required standard;
2. In the case of aircraft operating away from a supported location the organisation may issue a limited certifying staff
authorisation to the aircraft commander on the basis of the flight crew licence, provided that the organisation ensures
that sufficient practical training has been carried out to ensure that such person can accomplish the task to the
required standard.

Certifying Staff (CAR M.607)

a) In addition to CAR M.606(g), certifying staff can only exercise their privileges, if the organisation has ensured:
1. The. that certifying staff can demonstrate that they meet the requirements of CAR 66.20(b), and;
2. That certifying staff have an adequate understanding of the relevant aircraft and/or aircraft component(s) to be
maintained together with the associated organisation procedures.
b) In the following unforeseen cases, where an aircraft is grounded at a location other than the main base where no
appropriate certifying staff is available, the maintenance organisation contracted to provide maintenance support may issue
a one-off certification authorisation:
1. To one of its employees holding type qualifications on aircraft of similar technology, construction and systems; or
2. To any person with not less than three years maintenance experience and holding a valid ICAO aircraft maintenance
licence rated for the aircraft type requiring certification provided there is no organisation appropriately approved
under this Chapter at that location and the contracted organisation obtains and holds on file evidence of the
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3. All such cases must be reported to the GCAA within seven days of the issuance of such certification authorisation. The
approved maintenance organisation issuing the one-off certification authorisation shall ensure that any such
maintenance that could affect flight safety is re-checked.
c) The approved maintenance organisation shall record all details concerning certifying staff and maintain a current list of all
certifying staff together with their scope of approval as part of the organisation’s manual pursuant to CAR M.604 (a)5.

Components, Equipment And Tools (CAR M.608)

a) The organisation shall:


1. Hold the equipment and tools specified in the maintenance data described in CAR M.609 or verified equivalents as
listed in the maintenance organisation manual as necessary for day-to-day maintenance within the scope of the
approval; and,
2. Demonstrate that it has access to all other equipment and tools used only on an occasional basis.
b) Tools and equipment shall be controlled and calibrated to an officially recognised standard. Records of such calibrations and
the standard used shall be kept by the organisation.
c) The organisation shall inspect, classify and appropriately segregate all incoming components.

Maintenance Data (CAR M.609)

The approved maintenance organisation shall hold and use applicable current maintenance data specified in CAR M.401 in the
performance of maintenance including modifications and repairs. In the case of customer provided maintenance data, it is only
necessary to have such data when the work is in progress.
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Maintenance Work Orders (CAR M.610)
Before the commencement of maintenance, a written work order shall be agreed between the organisation and the organisation
requesting maintenance to clearly establish the maintenance to be carried out.

Maintenance Standards (CAR M.611)


All maintenance shall be carried out in accordance with the requirements of Section A Subpart D of this Chapter (CAR M).

Aircraft Certificate Of Release To Service (CAR M.612)


At the completion of all required aircraft maintenance in accordance with this Subpart an aircraft certificate of release to service
shall be issued in accordance with M.801.

Component Certificate Of Release To Service (CAR M.613)


a) At the completion of all required component maintenance in accordance with this Subpart a component certificate of
release to service shall be issued in accordance with CAR M.802. AW Form 1 shall be issued except for those components
maintained in accordance with CAR M.502(b) and components fabricated in accordance with CAR M.603(c).
b) The component certificate release to service document, AW Form 1 may be generated from a computer database.

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Maintenance Records (CAR M.614)
a) The approved maintenance organisation shall record all details of work carried out. Records necessary to prove all
requirements have been met for issuance of the certificate of release to service including the sub-contractor's release
documents shall be retained.
b) The approved maintenance organisation shall provide a copy of each certificate of release to service to the aircraft owner,
together with a copy of any specific approved repair/modification data used for repairs/modifications carried out.
c) The approved maintenance organisation shall retain a copy of all maintenance records and any associated maintenance data
for three years from the date the aircraft or aircraft component to which the work relates was released from the approved
maintenance organisation.
1. The records under this paragraph shall be stored in a manner that ensures protection from damage, alteration and
theft.
2. All computer hardware used to ensure backup shall be stored in a different location from that containing the working
data in an environment that ensures they remain in good condition.
3. Where an approved maintenance organisation terminates its operation, all retained maintenance records covering the
last three years shall be distributed to the last owner or customer of the respective aircraft or component or shall be
stored as specified by the GCAA.

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Privileges Of The Organisation (CAR M.615)
The maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Chapter (CAR M), may:
a) Maintain any aircraft and/or component for which it is approved at the locations specified in the approval certificate and the
maintenance organisation manual;
b) Arrange for the performance of specialised services under the control of the maintenance organisation at another
organisation appropriately qualified, subject to appropriate procedures being established as part of the Maintenance
Organisation Manual approved by the GCAA directly;
c) Maintain any aircraft and/or component for which it is approved at any location subject to the need of such maintenance
arising either from the un-serviceability of the aircraft or from the necessity of supporting occasional maintenance, subject
to the conditions specified in the Maintenance Organisation Manual;
d) Issue certificates of release to service on completion of maintenance, in accordance with CAR M.612 or CAR M.613.

Organisational Review (CAR M.616)


To ensure that the approved maintenance organisation continues to meet the requirements of this Subpart, it shall organise, on
a regular basis, organisational reviews.

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Changes To The Approved Maintenance Organisation (CAR M.617)
In order to enable the GCAA to determine continued compliance with this Chapter, the approved maintenance organisation shall
notify it of any proposal to carry out any of the following changes, before such changes take place:
1. The name of the organisation;
2. The location of the organisation;
3. Additional locations of the organisation;
4. The accountable manager;
5. Any of the persons specified in paragraph CAR M.606(b);
6. The facilities, equipment, tools, material, procedures, work scope and certifying staff that could affect the approval.

In the case of proposed changes in personnel not known to the management beforehand, these changes shall be notified at the
earliest opportunity.

Continued Validity Of Approval (CAR M.618)


a) An approval shall be issued for one year. It shall remain valid subject to:
1. The organisation remaining in compliance with this Chapter, in accordance with the provisions related to the handling
of findings as specified under CAR M.619, and;
2. The GCAA being granted access to the organisation to determine continued compliance with this Chapter, and;
3. The approval not being surrendered or revoked;
b) Upon surrender or revocation, the approval certificate shall be returned to the GCAA.

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Findings (CAR M.619)
a) Level One (1): A significant non-compliance with regulations, which could jeopardize overall safety and requires immediate
corrective action. A maintenance organisation’s approval certificate may be provisionally suspended in whole or in part
depending upon the extent of the Level 1 finding until corrective action has been taken.
b) Level Two (2): Non-compliance with regulations or the maintenance organisation’s procedures, which could lower the
organisation’s safety standard. A level 2 finding requires corrective action and compliance within a period not exceeding
thirty (30) days of first notification (inspectors shall use their discretion in setting the time frame).

Note: Repeated Level Two (2) findings could be an indication of deterioration on the organisations standards and controls. In this
case the inspector may decide to raise it to Level 1 and limitation(s) on the maintenance organisation shall apply.

c) Level Three (3) (Observations): Minor irregularities which are considered as observations only and warrant attention.
d) After receipt of notification of findings, the holder of the maintenance organisation approval shall identify the root cause of
each finding and define an action plan, including corrective and preventive actions, to address the finding(s) and prevent
reoccurrence to the satisfaction of the GCAA. The action plan must be complied with within the period agreed with the
GCAA. Action shall be taken by the GCAA to suspend in whole or part the approval in case of failure by an organisation to
comply within the timescale granted by the GCAA.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart G – Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation
Scope (CAR M.701)
This Subpart establishes the requirements to be met by an organisation to qualify for the issue or continuation of an approval for
the management of aircraft continuing airworthiness.

Application (CAR M.702)


An application for issue or change of a continuing airworthiness management organisation approval shall be made on a form and
in a manner established by the GCAA.

Extent of Approval (CAR M.703)


a) The approval is indicated on a certificate included in Appendix VI issued by the GCAA.
b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), for commercial air transport, the approval shall be part of the air operator certificate issued
by the GCAA, for the aircraft operated.
c) The scope of work deemed to constitute the approval shall be specified in the continuing airworthiness management
exposition in accordance with CAR M.704.

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Continuing Airworthiness Management Exposition (CAR M.704)
a) The continuing airworthiness management organisation shall provide a continuing airworthiness management exposition
containing the following information:
1. A statement signed by the accountable manager to confirm that the organisation will work in accordance with this
Chapter and the exposition at all times. When the accountable manager is not the chief executive officer of the
organisation then such chief executive officer shall countersign the statement, and;
2. The organisation's scope of work, and;
3. The title(s) and name(s) of person(s) referred to in CAR M.706(a), CAR M.706(c) and CAR M.706(d), and;
4. An organisation chart showing associated chains of responsibility between all the person(s) referred to in CAR
M.706(a), CAR M.706(c) and CAR M.706(d);
5. A list of the airworthiness review staff referred to in CAR M.707, and;
6. A general description and location of the facilities, and;
7. Procedures specifying how the continuing airworthiness management organisation ensures compliance with this
Chapter, and;
8. The continuing airworthiness management exposition amendment procedures.
9. For:
i. (i) CAR M. Subpart G organisations which are part of a commercial air transport operator: The list of approved
aircraft maintenance programmes for those aircraft which are part of the AOC of this operator, and a generic list
of aircraft managed under Subpart G approval (if applicable).
ii. (ii) CAR M. Subpart G organisations which are not part of a commercial air transport operator, the list of
approved aircraft maintenance programmes, and/or “generic” and/or “baseline” maintenance programmes for
aircraft included within the scope of approval (as applicable).
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b) The continuing airworthiness management exposition and its amendments shall be approved by the GCAA. Notwithstanding
this, minor amendments to the exposition may be approved indirectly through an indirect approval procedure. The indirect
approval procedure shall define the minor amendment eligible, be established by the continuing airworthiness management
organisation as part of the exposition and be approved by the GCAA.

Facilities (CAR M.705)


The continuing airworthiness management organisation shall provide suitable office accommodation at appropriate locations for
the personnel specified in CAR M.706.

Personnel Requirements (CAR M.706)


a) The organisation shall appoint an accountable manager, who has corporate authority for ensuring that all continuing
airworthiness management activities can be financed and carried out in accordance with this Chapter.
b) For commercial air transport the paragraph (a) accountable manager shall be the person who also has corporate authority
for ensuring that all the operations of the operator can be financed and carried out to the standard required for the issue of
an air operator's certificate.
c) A person or group of persons shall be nominated with the responsibility of ensuring that the organisation is always in
compliance with this Subpart. Such person(s) shall be ultimately responsible to the accountable manager.
d) For commercial air transport, the accountable manager shall designate a nominated post holder. This person shall be
responsible for the management and supervision of continuing airworthiness activities, pursuant to paragraph (c).
e) The nominated post holder referred to in paragraph (d) shall not be employed by a CAR 145 approved organisation under
contract to the operator, unless specifically agreed by the GCAA.
f) The organisation shall have sufficient appropriately qualified staff for the expected work.
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g) All paragraph (c) and (d) persons shall be able to show relevant knowledge, background and appropriate experience related
to aircraft continuing airworthiness.
h) The qualification of all personnel involved in continuing airworthiness management shall be recorded.
i) Reserved
j) The organisation shall define and keep updated in the continuing airworthiness management exposition the title(s) and
name(s) of person(s) referred to in CAR M.706(a), CAR M.706(c), CAR M.706(d).
k) For all large aircraft and for aircraft used for commercial air transport the organisation shall establish and control the
competence of personnel involved in the continuing airworthiness management, airworthiness review and/or quality audits
in accordance with a procedure and to a standard agreed by the GCAA.

Airworthiness Review Staff (CAR M.707)


a) To be approved to carry out airworthiness reviews an approved continuing airworthiness management organisation shall
have appropriate airworthiness review staff to issue airworthiness review certificates or recommendations referred to in
Section A Subpart I of this Chapter (CAR M).
1. For all aircraft used in commercial air transport, and aircraft above 2 730 kg MTOM, except balloons, these staff shall
have acquired:
i. At least five years’ experience in continuing airworthiness; and
ii. An appropriate license in compliance with CAR 66 or an aeronautical degree or a national equivalent; and
iii. Formal aeronautical maintenance training; and
iv. A position within the approved organisation with appropriate responsibilities.
v. Notwithstanding (i) to (iv), the requirement laid down in CAR M.707(a)1(ii) may be replaced by five years of
experience in continuing airworthiness additional to those already required by CAR M.707(a)1(i).
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2. For aircraft not used in commercial air transport of 2730 kg MTOM and below, and balloons, these staff shall have
acquired:
i. At least three years’ experience in continuing airworthiness, and
ii. An appropriate licence in compliance with CAR 66 or an aeronautical degree or a national equivalent; and
iii. Appropriate aeronautical maintenance training; and
iv. A position within the approved organisation with appropriate responsibilities;
v. Notwithstanding (i) to (iv), the requirement laid down in CAR M.707(a)2(ii) may be replaced by four years of
experience in continuing airworthiness additional to those already required by CAR M.707(a)2(i).
b) Airworthiness review staff nominated by the approved continuing airworthiness organisation can only be issued an
authorisation by the approved continuing airworthiness organisation when formally accepted by the GCAA after satisfactory
completion of an airworthiness review under supervision.
c) The organisation shall ensure that aircraft airworthiness review staff can demonstrate appropriate recent continuing
airworthiness management experience.
d) Airworthiness review staff shall be identified by listing each person in the continuing airworthiness management exposition
together with their airworthiness review authorisation reference.
e) The organisation shall maintain a record of all airworthiness review staff, which shall include details of any appropriate
qualification held together with a summary of relevant continuing airworthiness management experience and training and a
copy of the authorisation. This record shall be retained until two years after the airworthiness review staff have left the
organisation.

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Continuing Airworthiness Management (CAR M.708)
All continuing airworthiness management shall be carried out according to the prescriptions of Section A Subpart C of this
Chapter (CAR M).
a) For every aircraft managed, the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation shall:
1. Develop and control a maintenance programme for the aircraft managed including any applicable reliability
programme,
2. Present the aircraft maintenance programme and its amendments to the GCAA for approval, unless covered by an
indirect approval procedure in accordance with CAR M.302(c), and provide a copy of the programme to the owner/
operator of aircraft, if applicable
3. Manage the approval of modification and repairs,
4. Ensure that all maintenance is carried out in accordance with the approved maintenance programme and released in
accordance with Section A Subpart H of this Chapter (CAR M),
5. Ensure that all applicable airworthiness directives and operational directives with a continuing airworthiness impact,
are applied,
6. Ensure that all defects discovered during scheduled maintenance or reported are corrected by an appropriately
approved maintenance organisation,
7. Ensure that the aircraft is taken to an appropriately approved maintenance organisation whenever necessary,
8. Coordinate scheduled maintenance, the application of airworthiness directives, the replacement of service life limited
parts, and component inspection to ensure the work is carried out properly,
9. Manage and archive all continuing airworthiness records and/or operator's technical log.

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10. Ensure that the mass and balance statement reflects the current status of the aircraft.
b) In the case of large aircraft, or commercial air transport, when the operator is not appropriately approved to CAR 145, the
operator shall establish a written maintenance contract between the operator and a CAR 145 approved organisation or
another operator, detailing the functions specified under CAR M.301-2, CAR M.301-3, CAR M.301-5 and CAR M.301-6,
ensuring that all maintenance is ultimately carried out by a CAR 145 approved maintenance organisation and defining the
support of the quality functions of CAR M.712(b). The aircraft base, scheduled line maintenance and engine maintenance
contracts, together with all amendments, shall be acceptable to the GCAA. However, in the case of:
1. An aircraft requiring unscheduled line maintenance, the contract may be in the form of individual work orders
addressed to a CAR 145 maintenance organisation.
2. For engine maintenance, the contract as referred to in paragraph (b) may be in the form of a contract between the
operator and an engine manufacturer or other third party programme provider offering a ‘power by the hour’ style
engine off-wing support programme. In such cases the contract should specify that maintenance is to be carried out by
a CAR 145 approved organisation. In this case each shop visit contract may be in the form of an individual work order
addressed to a CAR 145 maintenance organisation.
3. For component maintenance, the contract as referred to in paragraph (b) may be in the form of individual work orders
addressed to the maintenance organisation able to provide an acceptable release certificate in accordance with CAR
M.501(a).

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Documentation (CAR M.709)
a) The approved continuing airworthiness management organisation shall hold and use applicable current maintenance data in
accordance with CAR M.401 for the performance of continuing airworthiness tasks referred to in CAR M.708. This data may
be provided by the owner or the operator, subject to an appropriate contract being established with such an owner or
operator. In such case, the continuing airworthiness management organisation only needs to keep such data for the duration
of the contract, except when required by CAR M.714.
b) For aircraft not included in the AOC of the CAR M. Subpart G organisation the approved continuing airworthiness
management organisation may develop "baseline" and/or "generic" maintenance programmes in order to allow for the
initial approval and/or the extension of the scope of an approval without having the contracts referred to in Appendix I to
this Chapter (CAR M). These "baseline" and/or "generic" maintenance programmes however do not preclude the need to
establish an adequate Aircraft Maintenance Programme in compliance with CAR M.302 in due time before exercising the
privileges referred to in CAR M.711.

Airworthiness Review (CAR M.710)


a) To satisfy the requirement for the airworthiness review of an aircraft referred to in CAR M.901, a full documented review of
the aircraft records shall be carried out by the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation in order to be
satisfied that:
1. Airframe, engine and propeller flying hours and associated flight cycles have been properly recorded; and
2. The flight manual is applicable to the aircraft configuration and reflects the latest revision status; and

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3. All the maintenance due on the aircraft according to the approved maintenance programme has been carried out, and;
4. All known defects have been corrected or, when applicable, carried forward in a controlled manner, and;
5. All applicable airworthiness directives have been applied and properly registered, and;
6. All modifications and repairs applied to the aircraft have been registered and are approved according to CAR 21, and;
7. All service life limited components installed on the aircraft are properly identified, registered and have not exceeded
their approved service life limit, and;
8. All maintenance has been released in accordance with this Chapter, and;
9. The current mass and balance statement reflects the configuration of the aircraft and is valid, and;
10. The aircraft complies with the latest revision of its type design approved by the GCAA.
11. If required, the aircraft holds a noise certificate corresponding to the current configuration of the aircraft in compliance
with Subpart I of CAR-21).
12. A flight test report, if required by the GCAA, and in accordance with CAR Part V, Chapter 2, Section 10.
b) The airworthiness review staff of the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation shall carry out a physical
survey of the aircraft. For this survey, airworthiness review staff not appropriately qualified to issue a CAR M Subpart H or
CAR 145 certificate of release to service as appropriate for the type, for any work that may be carried out shall be assisted by
such qualified personnel.
c) Through the physical survey of the aircraft, the airworthiness review staff shall ensure that:
1. All required markings and placards are properly installed; and
2. The aircraft complies with its approved flight manual; and
3. The aircraft configuration complies with the approved documentation; and
4. No evident defect can be found that has not been addressed according to CAR M.403; and
5. No inconsistencies can be found between the aircraft and the paragraph (a) documented review of records.
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d) By derogation to CAR M.901 (a), the airworthiness review can be anticipated by a maximum period of 90 days without loss
of continuity of the airworthiness review pattern, to allow the physical review to take place during a maintenance check.
e) The airworthiness review certificate (AWF-ARC-15b) or the recommendation is issued by appropriately authorised CAR
M.707 airworthiness review staff on behalf of the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation when
satisfied that the airworthiness review has been properly carried out.
f) Upon issue, the original airworthiness review certificate shall be forwarded to the GCAA for endorsement.
g) Airworthiness review tasks shall not be sub-contracted.
h) Should the outcome of the airworthiness review be inconclusive, the GCAA shall be informed as soon as practicable but in
any case within 72 hours of the organisation identifying the condition to which the review relates.

Privileges Of The Organisation (CAR M.711)


a) A continuing airworthiness management organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Chapter
(CAR M) may:
1. Manage the continuing airworthiness of aircraft; except those involved in commercial air transport, as listed on the
approval certificate.
2. Manage the continuing airworthiness of commercial air transport when listed both on its approval certificate and on its
Air Operator Certificate (AOC).
3. Arrange to carry out limited continuing airworthiness tasks with any contracted organisation, working under its quality
system, as listed on the approval certificate;
4. Reserved

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b) An approved continuing airworthiness management organisation may, additionally, be approved to carry out airworthiness
reviews referred to in CAR M.710 and:
1. Issue the related airworthiness review certificate
2. Issue a recommendation for the airworthiness review to the GCAA.
Quality System (CAR M.712)
a) To ensure that the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation continues to meet the requirements of this
Subpart, it shall establish a quality system and designate a quality manager to monitor compliance with, and the adequacy
of, procedures required to ensure airworthy aircraft. Compliance monitoring shall include a feedback system to the
accountable manager to ensure corrective action as necessary.
b) The quality system shall monitor CAR M. Subpart G activities. It shall at least include the following functions:
1. Monitoring that all CAR M. Subpart G activities are being performed in accordance with the approved procedures, and;
2. Monitoring that all contracted maintenance is carried out in accordance with the contract, and;
3. Monitoring the continued compliance with the requirements of this Chapter.
c) The records of these activities shall be stored for at least two years.
d) Where the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation is approved in accordance with another CAR Part
or Chapter, the quality system may be combined with that required by the other Part or Chapter.
e) In case of commercial air transport the CAR M. Subpart G quality system shall be an integrated part of the operator's quality
system.
f) In the case of a small organisation not managing the continuing airworthiness of aircraft used in commercial air transport,
the quality system may be replaced by regular organisational reviews subject to the approval of the GCAA, except when the
organisation issues airworthiness review certificates for aircraft above 2730 kg MTOM. In the case where there is no quality
system, the organisation shall not contract continuing airworthiness management tasks to other parties.
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Changes To The Approved Continuing Airworthiness Organisation (CAR M.713)

In order to enable the GCAA to determine continued compliance with this Chapter, the approved continuing airworthiness
management organisation shall notify it of any proposal to carry out any of the following changes, before such changes take
place:
1. The name of the organisation.
2. The location of the organisation.
3. Additional locations of the organisation.
4. The accountable manager.
5. Any of the persons specified in CAR M.706(c).
6. The facilities, procedures, work scope and staff that could affect the approval.
In the case of proposed changes in personnel not known to the management beforehand, these changes shall be notified at the
earliest opportunity.

Record Keeping (CAR M.714)

a) The continuing airworthiness management organisation shall record all details of work carried out. The records required by
CAR M.305 and if applicable CAR M.306 shall be retained.
b) If the continuing airworthiness management organisation has the privilege referred to in CAR M.711(b), it shall retain a copy
of each airworthiness review certificate and recommendation issued together with all supporting documents.
c) Reserved

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d) The continuing airworthiness management organisation shall retain a copy of all records referred to in paragraph (b) until
two years after the aircraft has been permanently withdrawn from service.
e) The records shall be stored in a manner that ensures protection from damage, alteration and theft.
f) All computer hardware used to ensure backup shall be stored in a different location from that containing the working data in
an environment that ensures they remain in good condition.
g) Where continuing airworthiness management of an aircraft is transferred to another organisation or person, all retained
records shall be transferred to the said organisation or person. The time periods prescribed for the retention of records shall
continue to apply to the said organisation or person.
h) Where a continuing airworthiness management organisation terminates its operation, all retained records shall be
transferred to the owner of the aircraft.

Continued Validity Of Approval (CAR M.715)

a) An approval shall be issued with 1 year validity, unless otherwise specified by the GCAA. It shall remain valid subject to:
1. The organisation remaining in compliance with this Chapter, in accordance with the provisions related to the handling
of findings and;
2. The GCAA being granted access to the organisation to determine continued compliance with this Chapter, and;
3. The approval not being surrendered or revoked.
b) Upon surrender or revocation, the approval certificate shall be returned to the GCAA.

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Findings (CAR M.716)

a) Level One (1): A significant non-compliance with CAR M regulations, which could jeopardize overall safety and requires
immediate corrective action. A continuing airworthiness management organisation’s approval may be provisionally
suspended in whole or in part depending upon the extent of the Level 1 finding until corrective action has been taken.
b) Level Two (2): Non-compliance with CAR M regulations or continuing airworthiness management organisation procedures,
which could lower the Organisation’s operation, maintenance and safety standard, which require corrective action and
compliance within a period not exceeding thirty (30) days of first notification (inspectors shall use their discretion in setting
the time frame).

Note: Repeated Level Two (2) findings could be an indication of deterioration on the organisations standards and controls. In this
case the inspector may decide to raise it to Level 1 and limitation(s) on the operation shall apply.

c) Level Three (3) (Observations): Minor irregularities which are considered as observations only and warrant attention.
d) After receipt of notification of findings, the holder of the continuing airworthiness management organisation approval shall
identify the root cause of each finding and define an action plan, including corrective and preventive actions to address the
finding(s) and prevent reoccurrence to the satisfaction of the GCAA. The action plan must be complied with within the
period agreed with the GCAA.
e) Action shall be taken by the GCAA to suspend in whole or part the approval in case of failure by an organisation to comply
within the timescale granted by the GCAA.

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart H – Certificate Of Release To Service — CRS
Aircraft Certificate Of Release To Service (CAR M.801)

a) Except for aircraft released to service by a maintenance organisation approved in accordance with CAR 145, the certificate of
release to service shall be issued according to this Subpart;
b) No aircraft shall be released to service unless a certificate of release to service is issued at the completion of any
maintenance, when satisfied that all maintenance required has been properly carried out, by:
1. Appropriate certifying staff on behalf of the maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart
F of this Chapter (CAR M); or
2. Reserved
3. Reserved
c) Reserved
d) Reserved
e) Reserved
f) A certificate of release to service shall contain as a minimum:
1. Basic details of the maintenance carried out; and
2. The date such maintenance was completed; and
3. The identity of the organisation and/or person issuing the release to service, including:
i. The approval reference of the maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of
this Chapter (CAR M) and the certifying staff issuing such a certificate;
ii. Reserved
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4. the limitations to airworthiness or operations, if any.
g) By derogation from paragraph (b) and notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (h) and provided that it is explicitly
authorised by the GCAA, when the maintenance prescribed cannot be completed, a certificate of release to service may be
issued within the approved aircraft limitations. Such fact together with any applicable limitations of the airworthiness or the
operations shall be entered in the aircraft certificate of release to service before its issue as part of the information required
in paragraph (f) 4;
h) A certificate of release to service shall not be issued in the case of any known non-compliance which endangers flight safety.

Component Certificate Of Release To Service (CAR M.802)


a) A certificate of release to service shall be issued at the completion of any maintenance carried out on an aircraft component
in accordance with CAR M.502.
b) The authorised release certificate identified as AW Form 1 constitutes the component certificate of release to service, except
when such maintenance on aircraft components has been performed in accordance with CAR M.502(b), in which case the
maintenance is subject to aircraft release procedures in accordance with CAR M.801.

Reserved (CAR M.803)

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SECTION A- TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Subpart I – Airworthiness Review Certificate
Aircraft Airworthiness Review (CAR M.901)

To ensure the validity of the aircraft certificate of airworthiness, an airworthiness review of the aircraft and its continuing
airworthiness records shall be carried out periodically.

a) An airworthiness review certificate is issued in a form approved by the GCAA on completion of a satisfactory airworthiness
review. The airworthiness review certificate is valid for one year provided that the certificate is accepted by the GCAA. This
acceptance is indicated by endorsing the certificate;
b) An aircraft in a controlled environment is an aircraft:
1. 1. continuously managed by a single continuing airworthiness management organisation approved in accordance with
Section A, Subpart G, of this CAR M, and
2. 2. which has been maintained by maintenance organisations approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this
CAR M, or with CAR 145.
c) For all aircraft, that are in a controlled environment, the organisation referred to in (b) managing the continuing
airworthiness of the aircraft may, if appropriately approved, and subject to compliance with paragraph (k):
1. Issue an airworthiness review certificate in accordance with CAR M.710.
2. Reserved

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d) When continuing airworthiness of any aircraft is managed by a continuing airworthiness management organisation that does
not hold the privilege to carry out airworthiness reviews on that type, the airworthiness review certificate shall be issued by
the GCAA upon satisfactory assessment based on a recommendation made by a continuing airworthiness management
organisation appropriately approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Chapter (CAR M) sent together with the
application from the owner or operator. This recommendation shall be based on an airworthiness review carried out in
accordance with CAR M.710;
e) Reserved
f) Reserved
g) Reserved
h) Whenever circumstances reveal the existence of a potential safety threat, the GCAA shall carry out the airworthiness review
and issue the airworthiness review certificate itself;
i) In addition to paragraph (h), the GCAA may also carry out the airworthiness review and issue the airworthiness review
certificate itself in the following cases:
1. For aircraft not involved in commercial air transport when the aircraft is managed by a continuing airworthiness
management organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this chapter (CAR M) located in a third
country;
2. Reserved
j) When the GCAA carries out the airworthiness review and/or issues the airworthiness review certificate itself, the
organisation appropriately approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Chapter (CAR M) managing the aircraft
shall provide the GCAA with:

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1. The documentation required by the GCAA; and
2. Suitable accommodation at the appropriate location for its personnel; and
3. When necessary, the support of personnel appropriately qualified in accordance with CAR 66 or equivalent personnel
requirements laid down in CAR 145.30(j)(1) and (2) of (CAR 145) or CAR M.607(a) of Section A, Subpart G of this
Chapter (CAR M).
k) An airworthiness review certificate cannot be issued if there is evidence or reason to believe that the aircraft is not
airworthy;
l) The airworthiness review certificate is considered to be part of the Aircraft Certificate of Airworthiness. The GCAA’s
endorsed airworthiness review certificate shall be carried on board the aircraft along with the Certificate of Airworthiness.

Validity Of The Airworthiness Review Certificate (CAR M.902)


a) An airworthiness review certificate becomes invalid if:
1. Suspended or revoked; or
2. The certificate of airworthiness is suspended, revoked or becomes invalid due to any reason specified in CAR 21.181; or
3. The aircraft is not on the aircraft register of the United Arab Emirates; or
4. The type certificate under which the certificate of airworthiness was issued is suspended or revoked, or
5. The 1 year validity period is lapsed unless specifically extended by the GCAA.
b) An aircraft must not fly if the certificate of airworthiness is invalid or if:
1. The continuing airworthiness of the aircraft or any component fitted to the aircraft does not meet the requirements of
this Chapter, or;
2. The aircraft does not remain in conformity with the type design approved by the GCAA; or
3. The aircraft has been operated beyond the limitations of the approved flight manual or the airworthiness certificate,
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4. The aircraft has been involved in an accident or incident that affects the airworthiness of the aircraft, without
subsequent appropriate action to restore airworthiness; or
5. A modification or repair has not been approved in accordance with CAR 21.
c) Upon surrender or revocation, the airworthiness review certificate shall be returned to the GCAA.
d) Airworthiness review certificate endorsement procedure:
1. The organisation responsible for the continued airworthiness of the aircraft as per CAR M.201 shall apply for the
endorsement of the Airworthiness Review Certificate in a form and a manner established by the GCAA.
2. The original Airworthiness Review Certificate shall be submitted to the GCAA along with all the required supporting
documents.

Transfer Of Aircraft Registration (CAR M.903)


a) Reserved
b) Reserved
c) When transferring an aircraft registration to another country and upon the importing authority’s request, the GCAA shall
issue an export certificate of airworthiness for this aircraft as per CAR PART V, Chapter II, Section 13 subject to it having an
airworthiness review carried out satisfactorily in accordance with CAR M.901.

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Airworthiness review of aircraft imported into the United Arab Emirates (CAR M.904)
a) When importing an aircraft onto the UAE register from a third country, the applicant shall:
1. Apply for the issuance of a new certificate of airworthiness in accordance with CAR 21;
2. Have an airworthiness review carried out satisfactorily in accordance with CAR M. 901; and
3. Have all maintenance carried out to comply with the approved maintenance programme in accordance with CAR
M.302.
b) When satisfied that the aircraft is in compliance with the relevant requirements, the continuing airworthiness management
organisation, if applicable, shall send a documented recommendation for the issuance of an airworthiness review certificate
to the GCAA.
c) The owner shall allow access to the aircraft for inspection by the GCAA.
d) A new certificate of airworthiness will be issued by the GCAA when it is satisfied the aircraft complies with the prescriptions
of CAR 21.
e) The GCAA shall also issue the airworthiness review certificate valid normally for one year unless the GCAA has safety reasons
to limit the validity.

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Findings (CAR M.905)
a) Level One (1): A significant non-compliance with CAR M regulations, which could jeopardize overall safety and requires
immediate corrective action. A continuing airworthiness management organisation’s approval may be provisionally
suspended in whole or in part depending upon the extent of the Level 1 finding until corrective action has been taken.
b) Level Two (2): Non-compliance with CAR M regulations or continuing airworthiness management organisation procedures,
which could lower the Organisation’s operation, maintenance and safety standard, which require corrective action and
compliance within a period not exceeding thirty (30) days of first notification (inspectors shall use their discretion in setting
the time frame).

Note: Repeated Level Two (2) findings could be an indication of deterioration on the organisations standards and controls. In this
case, the inspector may decide to raise it to Level 1 and limitation(s) on the operation shall apply.

c) Level Three (3) (Observations): Minor irregularities which are considered as observations only and warrant attention.
d) After receipt of notification of findings, the person or organisation accountable according to CAR M.201 shall identify the
root cause of each finding and define an action plan, including corrective and preventive actions to address the finding(s)
and prevent reoccurrence to the satisfaction of the GCAA. The action plan must be complied with within the period agreed
with the GCAA.
Action shall be taken by the GCAA to suspend in whole or part the approval in case of failure by an organisation to comply within
the timescale granted by the GCAA.

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3-1
Appendix I - Continuing Airworthiness Arrangement
1. When an owner contracts a CAR M. Subpart G approved continuing airworthiness organisation in accordance with CAR
M.201 to carry out continuing airworthiness management tasks, upon request by the GCAA a copy of the arrangement shall
be sent by the owner to the GCAA once it has been signed by both parties.
2. The arrangement shall be developed taking into account the requirements of CAR M and shall define the obligations of the
signatories in relation to continuing airworthiness of the aircraft.
3. It shall contain as a minimum the:
i. Aircraft registration,
ii. Aircraft type,
iii. Aircraft serial number,
iv. Aircraft owner or registered lessee's name or company details including the address, CAR M. Subpart G approved
continuing airworthiness organisation details including the address.
4. It shall state the following:
‘The owner entrusts to the approved organisation the management of the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft, the
development of a maintenance programme that shall be approved by the GCAA, and the organisation of the maintenance of
the aircraft according to said maintenance programme in an approved organisation. According to the present arrangement,
both signatories undertake to follow the respective obligations of this arrangement. The owner certifies, to the best of their
belief that all the information given to the approved organisation concerning the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft is
and will be accurate and that the aircraft will not be altered without prior approval of the approved organisation.
In case of any non-conformity with this arrangement, by either of the signatories, it will become null. In such a case, the
owner will retain full responsibility for every task linked to the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft and the owner will
undertake to inform the GCAA within two full weeks.’
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A-2
3-1
Appendix I - Continuing Airworthiness Arrangement
5. When an owner contracts an CAR M. Subpart G approved continuing airworthiness organisation in accordance with CAR
M.201 the obligations of each party shall be shared as follows:
a) Obligations of the approved organisation:
i. Have the aircraft's type in the scope of its approval;
ii. Respect the conditions to maintain the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft listed below:
I. Develop a maintenance programme for the aircraft, including any reliability programme developed,
II. Organise the approval of the aircraft's maintenance programme,
III. Once it has been approved, give a copy of the aircraft's maintenance programme to the owner,
IV. Organise a bridging inspection with the aircraft's prior maintenance programme,
V. Organise for all maintenance to be carried out by an approved maintenance organisation,
VI. Organise for all applicable airworthiness directives to be applied,
VII. Organise for all defects discovered during scheduled maintenance or reported by the owner to be
corrected by an approved maintenance organisation,
VIII. Coordinate scheduled maintenance, the application of airworthiness directives, the replacement of life
limited parts, and component inspection requirements,
IX. Inform the owner each time the aircraft shall be brought to an approved maintenance organisation,
X. Manage all technical records,
XI. Archive all technical records;

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3-1
iii. Organise the approval of all and any modification to the aircraft according to CAR-21 before it is embodied;
iv. Organise the approval of all and any repair to the aircraft according to CAR-21 before it is carried out;
v. Inform the GCAA whenever the aircraft is not presented to the approved maintenance organisation by the owner
as requested by the approved organisation;
vi. Inform the GCAA whenever the present arrangement has not been respected;
vii. Carry out the airworthiness review of the aircraft when necessary and fill the airworthiness review certificate or
the recommendation to the GCAA;
viii. Carry out all occurrence reporting mandated by applicable regulations;
ix. Inform the GCAA whenever the present arrangement is denounced by either party.
b) Obligations of the owner:
i. Have a general understanding of the approved maintenance programme;
ii. Have a general understanding of CAR M;
iii. Present the aircraft to the approved maintenance organisation agreed with the approved organisation at the due
time designated by the approved organisation's request;
iv. Not modify the aircraft without first consulting the approved organisation;
v. Inform the approved organisation of all maintenance exceptionally carried out without the knowledge and
control of the approved organisation;
vi. Report to the approved organisation through the logbook all defects found during operations;
vii. Inform the GCAA whenever the present arrangement is denounced by either party;
viii. Inform the GCAA and the approved organisation whenever the aircraft is sold;
ix. Carry out all occurrence reporting mandated by applicable regulations

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Appendices
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A-5
3-1
Appendix II –
*Authorised Release
Certificate - AW Form 1

* For more details about


the form/certificate,
refer to CAR M, Issue 3,
Rev 0 from the
respective appendix

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Appendix III

*Airworthiness Review Certificate – GCAA


Form No.: AWF-ARC-15a
Note: Form not included, form can be downloaded from GCAA website

*Airworthiness Review Certificate - CAMO


Form No.: AWF-ARC-15b
Note: Form not included, form can be downloaded from GCAA website
Refer to CAR M, Appendix 2 for more information

Appendix IV

*Class And Ratings System To Be Used For The Approval Of


Maintenance Organisations Referred To In Section A, Subpart F Of This CAR M

*For more details about the form/certificate, refer to CAR M, Issue 3, Rev 0 from the respective appendix

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3-1
Appendix V

*Subpart F Maintenance Organisation Approval Certificate


Form No.: AWF-AMO-011
Note: Form not included, form can be downloaded from GCAA website

Appendix VI

*Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation Approval Certificate


Form No.: AWF-ARC-014
Note: Form not included, form can be downloaded from GCAA website

*For more details about the form/certificate, refer to CAR M, Issue 3, Rev 0 from the respective appendix

Appendix VII
Reserved

Appendix VIII
Reserved

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6. Applicable National – International Requirements 6-1
1-3
Aircraft Maintenance Programs, Checks & Inspections 3-1
(CAR – OPS 1.910)

Line Maintenance Checks Base maintenance checks


Pre-flight B-check
Daily C-check
Weekly HMV heavy maintenance visit
A-check D-check

FLT hours

Cycles

Calendar Time
Module 10 – Aviation Legislation _ Issue 2 Rev 0 _ September 2018
6. Applicable National – International Requirements 6-2
1-3
Airworthiness Directives 3-1
(Part V CAR 21.2B)

CAR 21.3B Airworthiness directives


a) An airworthiness directive means a document issued or adopted by the Authority which mandates actions to be performed
on an aircraft to restore an acceptable level of safety, when evidence shows that the safety level of this aircraft may
otherwise be compromised.
b) The Authority shall issue an airworthiness directive when:
1. An unsafe condition has been determined by the Authority to exist in an aircraft, as a result of a deficiency in the
aircraft, or an engine, propeller, part or appliance installed on this aircraft; and
2. That condition is likely to exist or develop in other aircraft.
c) When an airworthiness directive has to be issued by the Authority to correct the unsafe condition referred to in paragraph
or to require the performance of an inspection, the holder of the type-certificate, restricted type-certificate, supplemental
type-certificate, major repair design approval, UAE TSO authorisation or any other relevant approval deemed to have been
issued under this regulation, shall:
1. Propose the appropriate corrective action or required inspections, or both, and submit details of these proposals to
the Authority for approval.
2. Following the approval by the Authority of the proposals referred to under subparagraph
i. Make available to all known operators or owners of the product, part or appliance and, on request, to any
person required to comply with the airworthiness directive, appropriate descriptive data and accomplishment
instructions

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6. Applicable National – International Requirements 6-3
1-3
Airworthiness Directives 3-1
(Part V CAR 21.2B)

CAR 21.3B Airworthiness directives


a) An airworthiness directive means a document issued or adopted by the Authority which mandates actions to be performed
on an aircraft to restore an acceptable level of safety, when evidence shows that the safety level of this aircraft may
otherwise be compromised.
b) The Authority shall issue an airworthiness directive when:
1. An unsafe condition has been determined by the Authority to exist in an aircraft, as a result of a deficiency in the
aircraft, or an engine, propeller, part or appliance installed on this aircraft; and
2. That condition is likely to exist or develop in other aircraft.
c) When an airworthiness directive has to be issued by the Authority to correct the unsafe condition referred to in paragraph
or to require the performance of an inspection, the holder of the type-certificate, restricted type-certificate, supplemental
type-certificate, major repair design approval, UAE TSO authorisation or any other relevant approval deemed to have been
issued under this regulation, shall:
1. Propose the appropriate corrective action or required inspections, or both, and submit details of these proposals to
the Authority for approval.
2. Following the approval by the Authority of the proposals referred to under subparagraph
i. Make available to all known operators or owners of the product, part or appliance and, on request, to any
person required to comply with the airworthiness directive, appropriate descriptive data and accomplishment
instructions

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6. Applicable National – International Requirements 6-3
1-3
d) An airworthiness directive shall contain 3-1
at least the following information: The holder of the:
1. An identification of the unsafe Design • Type certificate
condition; Organisation • Design Approval
2. An identification of the affected • ETSO authorization
aircraft;
3. The action(s) required; Proposes the corrective action with data to
4. The compliance time for the
required action(s);
5. The date of entry into force.

An AD is
mandatory !!

An AD shall contain :
• Identification of the unsafe The Authority shall issue an Airworthiness
condition Directives (AD) when:
• Identification of the unsafe • Evidence of an unsafe condition has been
aircraft found to exist in an aircraft, (engine, propeller,
• Action required part or appliance)
• Compliance time • That condition is likely to exist or develop in
• The date of entry into force. other aircraft

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6. Applicable National – International Requirements 6-4
1-3
Service Bulletins (SB), 3-1
Manufacturer Service Information Design
Organisation

Service Letters (SL), Service Bulletins (SB)


Alert Service Bulletin (ASB)
A Bulletin contains the following information: (equal standard)
• Planning information
• Compliance • Incidents
• Approval • Damages
• References • Malfunctions
• Publication affected • defects
• Material information
• Accomplishment instruction
• Appendices as required

Maintenance AMO Operator

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6. Applicable National – International Requirements 6-5
1-3
Modification, 3-1
Repairs

Modification and repairs as defined in the approved maintenance data of the manufacture may be accomplished as shown in
the respective data without further approvals

Alterations are a means to :


▪ Improve the performance
of an aircraft or
components.
AMM SRM CMM NDTM WDM ENGM ▪ To remove shortcomings
or flaws
▪ In the original design.

Service Modifications / repairs must be included in the approved data !


Bulletins Alert service
bulletins A Design Organisation (DO) may design and perform
modifications and repairs
Airworthiness
Directives (AD)

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6. Applicable National – International Requirements 6-6
1-3
Repairs 3-1
Damage

Design Major Minor


Organisation Damage Damage

Repair
Design Repair Design
Design
Organisation Design Organisation

Major
Design Repair
Organisation Design
Approval

Maintenance Production Maintenance


AMO base organisation AMO base

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6. Applicable National – International Requirements 6-7
1-3
Maintenance Data 3-1
This documentation includes all registered instructions held as approved data, which must be available at the
CAR-145 AMO.

E
T
AMM SRM CMM NDTM WDM ENGM MME MOE AFM IPC O
P
S

Integrity Management
Reliability Maintenance Maintenance
AD’s SB’s Quality Information
Programs Program Control
Monitoring System

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THE END

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