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Question 1: Inference technique

In this case study, the survey in United States is mentioned to study the relationship between
classroom seating positions and academic performance (GPA) for both female and male
students. Therefore, we believe to base on one-way ANOVA or two-way ANOVA to test the
According to an article “Technology Networks (2018)”, the definition of one-way ANOVA and
two-way ANOVA are deeply understood. “A one-way ANOVA is a type of statistical test that
compares the variance in the group means within a sample whilst considering only one
independent variable or factor” (Ruairi J Mackenzie, 2018), but two-way ANOVA compares the
mean differences between groups that have been split on two independent variables (called
factors). In this problem, we can see in the data which are given in detail: Seating positions and
GPA are two independent variables or factors with one dependent variable (or outcome variable)
that is gender. In there, Seating positions has three levels which front, middle, back. GPA is
based on a 0 to 4.0 scale. Gender has both male and female students. The one-way ANOVA
compares categorical groups in one factor whereas two-way ANOVA is frequently employed to
investigate two factors and test whether there is an interaction between the two independent
variables and the dependent variable concurrently.
From these points, two-way ANOVA is best the technique to test whether there is a significant
interaction between seat preference and gender and to test for any significant differences in GPA
due to these two variables. Checking assumption is the first step of testing two-way ANOVA and
it is actually essential step to demonstrate satisfy results. Therefore, it will be further
implemented in question three.
Ruairi J Mackenzie, 2018, “One-Way vs Two-Way ANOVA: Differences, Assumptions and
Hypotheses”, Technology Network, viewed 27 October 2018, available at: