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SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO KỲ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI OLYMPIC TRUYỀN

TỈNH PHÚ YÊN THỐNG 30/4 NĂM 2019


ĐỀ THI ĐỀ NGHỊ
Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH
Thời gian thi: 180 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề) SỐ PHÁCH
Ngày thi: 04/4/2019
Đề thi có 12 trang
-Thí sinh không được sử dụng tài liệu, kể cả từ điển.
-Giám thị không giải thích gì thêm.

I. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS


Part 1. For questions 1-80, choose the correct answer A, B, C or D to each of the following question.
Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.
1. The squirrels are______nuts into their homes for the winter.
A. picking B. stowing C. commuting D. concerting
2. The accountant______the company fund and ran away to another country.
A. swallowed B. confiscated C. embraced D. embezzled
3. She goes for a______once a week to ensure that her hands and nails are in good condition.
A. massage B. trimming C. manicure D. filing
4. The spendthrift has been______money out of his old parents.
A. squeezing B. pressing C. torturing D. squandering
5. It is impossible to miss______of the Generation X in America.
A. manifestation B. advancement C. initiation D. knowledge
6. When the forces on an object are balanced, you can say that the object is in______.
A. collusion B. equilibrium C. collision D. incubation
7. He has been trying to improve his grades but instead, they have remained as______as possible.
A. static B. oncoming C. parasitic D. virtual
8. Then, ______opening the door, Jerry found that his house had been broken into.
A. with B. on C. at D. during
9. Even a few drops of this liquid would represent a______dose for a small child.
A. lethal B. mundane C. terminal D. mortal
10. My friend is so______-she never believes people are telling the truth.
A. domestic B. erudite C. cynical D. crucial
11. I could not believe that he, of all people, was such a______to you.
A. brute B. harrow C. nuance D. philistine
12. People in this village has an______appetite for news.
A. inevitable B. inexorable C. insatiable D. inedible
13. The contestants have to ponder over that question very carefully because there is no______answer.
A. straightforward B. undemanding C. effortless D. cushy
14. Thu pupils have been prepared for a______career.
A. pedagogic B. academic C. didactic D. scholarly
15. The silly boy only______at the memory, feeling rather embarrassed.
A. laughed B. giggled C. sniggered D. roared
16. Tome said something disgusting, from which and a heated argument______, the result of which was that
they broke up.
A. ensued B. eventuated C. supervened D. transpired
17. We______and hawed for weeks before deciding to buy the house.
A. blared B. dined C. hummed D. thudded
18. Let alone being left out in the cold for an hour after a second 30-year-old lift failed and security guards
said they could not allow them to use the stairs, the staff started to______in their work.

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A. exasperate, such an unwarranted interference it was
B. fume, such was an unwarranted interference
C. smoulder, so unwarranted an interference it was
D. seethe, so unwarranted an interference was which
19. She expects the political experience gained in this election will stand her in good______in her future
career, which, she suggests, could include another campaign.
A. footing B. grounding C. precedent D. stead
20. Your story is interesting and lively, but it contains several historical inaccuracies. For example, your
hero______have offered Miss Swinton shelter under his umbrella, as they weren’t invented until a hundred
years later.
A. couldn’t B. might not C. shouldn’t D. wouldn’t
21. If we form an alliance with the US, who has a political______to grind against China, we’ll sabotage its
workings and maximize our problems in the Pacific Ocean.
A. axe B. hammer C. organ D. stone
22. After about an hour or two’s earful of the plaintiff’s accusations, without being able to get a word
in______, the defendant started talking over him.
A. ascendancies B. circumferences C. edgeways D. peripheries
23. Tan Hiep Phat must be ordered to pay substantial damages for retaliating against______.
A. mischief-makers B. scaremongers C. whistle-blowers D. wirepullers
24. Unofficial paths and access ways are now closed off to walkers, cyclists and horse riders, forcing them
to run the______of anti-nuclear protesters on the roads to reach the dwindling recreation areas.
A. drumsticks B. garter C. gaunlet D. ramrods
25. To prevent soldiers from rebelling, the commander splits them into groups to______one another.
A. let them off with B. pick up on them C. play them off against D. splash out on them
26. Many Americans refused to fall in with the idea that religion is a(n)______disreputable anachronism.
A. academically B. cerebrally C. cognitively D. intellectually
27. It is up to the court to decide, in the exercise of their______, whether to grant the favour or not.
A. circumspection B. discretion C. prudence D. judiciousness
28. Documentation is required before the drug can get the seal of______from world health authorities.
A. approval B. assent C. consent D. permission
29. Should you fail, the sacrifices made by your family would be meaningless and reside______.
A. on your conscience B. at your wits’ end C. off your own boat D. under your thumb
30. Most academic articles bounce around from topic to topic, really without______, but are informative.
A. common and garden B. hell or high water C. let or hindrance D. rhyme or reason
31. ______we have finished the first chapter of the book, let’s move on to the second one.
A. Hitherto B. Now that C. By then D. For now
32. ______that she opened the mystical box sent from Zeus.
A. So curiosity was she B. Such her curiosity was C. Her curiosity was such D. So curious was she
33. ______you pull your weight, you will pass the exam with flying colors.
A. As well as B. As far as C. As soon as D. As long as
34. It is imperative that the Glee Vietnam______immediately.
A. recasting B. recats C. be recast D. recast
35. It was very sunny in Hanoi, but we had a good time______.
A. all the more B. all the same C. all the best D. all the space
36. Jack is______his sister, Jill.
A. just thick as B. as thick like C. every bit as thick as D. nowhere thick like
37. ______, we took a nap and had wonderful dreams.
A. Having the food eaten B. Eaten the food C. Eating the food D. The food eaten
38. You must not cough when we are eating like that______, excuse yourself.
A. As necessary B. If need be C. In due time D. Despite that
39. Michael Bay should know______than just include explosion scenes in his films.
A. more B. less C. worse D. better
40. Four quarts of oil______required to get that car running.
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A. is B. are C. being D. were
41. She scrouched, watching her captor with eyes______as those of a basilisk.
A. sinister B. baleful C. ominous D. obnoxious
42. It was______for the Dodgers as they lost to the Reds 4-3.
A. par for the course B. not brain surgery C. no ifs, ands, or buts D. close, but no cigar
43. Although Sean was a successful actor, his career hit the______when he appeared in a poorly-rated film.
A. hay B. bottle C. buffers D. dirt
44. It’s unlikely that two students would write identical compositions without______.
A. one who copies the other B. one copying from the other
C. one to copy the other’s D. each other’s copying
45. He has recovered from a nightmare______injury and is now forcing his way into Roker’s Wembley
plans.
A. pharynx B. pancreas C. pelvic D. pituitary
46. He enjoys taking______the government whenever the opportunity arises.
A. a pew B. a pounding C. a rain check D. a pot shot
47. Morayshire is the heart of the whisky industry and you can take the famous Whisky Trail to seven
distinctive malt whisky______.
A. distilleries B. burgundy C. benedictine D. charteuse
48. When he meets his boss, he always tugs his______.
A. manner B. tie C. forelock D. mark
49. ______, the Brown’s family felt relieved and secure.
A. The lost baby was found B. Found the lost baby
C. They found the lost baby D. The lost baby found
50. I’m usually up with the______to do morning exercises.
A. cygnet B. oriole C. lark D. flamingo
51. She was working with these gorgeous guys, and she managed to______despite being a bit intimidated by
them.
A. cotton on B. harp on C. impinge on D. soldier on
52. He realized that his fondness for her was turning into a foolish______.
A. fascination B. infection C. infatuation D. affliction
53. The salesman was a bit wet behind the______. The customers persuaded him to give them a huge
discount on the furniture they bought
A. elbows B. ears C. heels D. knees
54. Don’t believe a word he says; it’s just another of his______stories.
A. tall B. short C. lie D. white
55. Scottish pound notes are not legal______in England.
A. tender B. money C. exchange D. value
56. The townspeople formed a______mob to find and kill the man who killed the sheriff.
A. hunting B. lynch C. search D. punishment
57. I can tell you that we’re doing our absolute level best to ensure that that number of casualties from
military activities will be as low as______possible.
A. purely B. solidly C. humanly D. starkly
58. He was disappointed by his result but he is now______to having to re-take the exam.
A. composed B. submitted C. reconciled D. subdued
59. We can just about afford to go if we get a really cheap flight and some______accommodation.
A. no-frills B. affluent C. sumptuous D. ritzy
60. Some would say it’s a dead-end job, and it’s true that it’s not a career, but standing at a machine eight
hours a day still takes some______.
A. doing B. working C. considering D. thinking
61. If you were given the______treatment, would you be pleased?
A. silver-service B. double-glazing C. red-carpet D. on-the-spot
62. He was undoubtedly making progress, ______rather slowly.
A. albeit B. notwithstanding C. however D. whilst

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63. I don’t know why everybody ever listens to Teddy. He’s______as intelligent as his brother.
A. rather B. fairly much C. every bit D. somewhat
64. The answer is no. That’s all______.
A. there is at it B. how it is C. there is to it D. there it is
65. It is estimated that______10% of the population goes to the university.
A. any B. a C. some D. the
66. The pills are not harmful______, but are dangerous when taken with alcohol.
A. as it all B. as much C. per se D. at that
67. I drove 200 miles to the concert, only______that the singer had cancelled it via a story on Instagram.
A. finding B. to find C. found D. to be finding
68. It turned out that we______rushed to the airport as the plane was delayed by several hours.
A. hadn’t B. should have C. mustn’t D. needn’t have
69. The foundation of the house is bult from rubble overlaid with concrete, but even carefully brewed
concrete is by______.
A. its very flawing nature B. its flawed nature
C. its very nature flawed D. its very nature flawing
70. Diligently______Mary studied, she never got best marks.
A. while B. when C. as D. since
71. The father settled only one starfruit tree______the two brothers.
A. on B for C. to D. between
72. The National English contestants were always______edge waiting for the results.
A. under B. up C. over D. on
73. It felt as though the walls of the room were closing______her.
A. in on B. over to C. up to D. into
74. She doesn’t mind mucking______with the rest of us when there’s work to be done.
A. in B. over C. up D. about
75. Buy an iPhone 5 and get an iPhone 4 thrown______!
A. together B. over C. in D. with
76. Please don’t go______the trouble to give me a lift. I can walk 200 km myself.
A. up B. about C. by D. to
77. My work shifts are quite hectic so I will just doss______for some minutes now.
A. in B. down C. over D. up
78. After they broke up, she auctioned______all the jewelry he had given her.
A. up B. away C. off D. around
79. There is too much rubbish bandied______by the gossip girls.
A. behind B. over C.about D. up
80. When the magician pulled a rabbit out of his hat, the audience clapped_____unison.
A. with B. in C. at D. off
Your answers:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.
31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.
41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.
51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70.
71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80.
II. READING COMPREHENSION
Part 1. For questions 1-10, read the following extract and choose the correct answer A, B, C or D which
fits best according to the text. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.
A classic of our times or an escapist yarn? Although its popularity is unparalleled, some intellectuals
dismiss “The Lord of the Rings” as boyish fantasy. Andrew O’Hehir defends Tolkien’s ‘true myth’ as a
modern masterpiece, and attempts to discover the secret of its success.
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In January 1997, reporter Susan Jeffreys of the London Sunday Times informed a colleague that J.R.R.
Tolkien’s epic fantasy The Lord of the Rings had been voted the greatest book of the 20th century in a
readers’ poll conducted by Britain’s Channel 4 and the Waterstone’s bookstore chain. Her colleague
responded: "What? Has it? Oh dear. Dear oh dear oh dear."
Attitudes in America are arguably more relaxed about this kind of thing. No one from the American
educated classes expressed much dismay when a 1999 poll of American on-line bookshop Amazon.com
customers chose The Lord of the Rings as the greatest book not merely of the century but of the millennium.
Tolkien’s book is so deeply ingrained in popular culture, after all, that a great many of today’s American
academics and journalists probably still havethose dog-eared paperbacks they read avidly in eighth grade
with their hallucinatory mid-1970s cover art, stashed somewhere in the attic.
Furthermore, members of the U.S. intelligentsia fully expect to have their tastes ignored, if not openly
derided, by the public at large. To some American intellectuals it seems gratifying, even touching, that so
many millions of readers will happily devour a work as complicated as The Lord of the Rings. Whatever
one may make of it, it’s a more challenging read than Gone with the Wind (runner-up in the Amazon
survey), not to mention Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone (fifth place).
Hugely ambitious in scope, The Lord of the Rings occupies an uncomfortable position in20th century
literature. Tolkien’s epic poses a stern challenge to modern literature and its defenders. (Tolkien on his
critics: “Some who have read the book, or at any rate have reviewed it, have found it boring, absurd, or
contemptible, and I have no cause to complain, since I have similar opinions of their works, or of the kinds
of writing they evidently prefer.”) Yet The Lord of the Rings has enjoyed massive and enduring popularity.
It would seem that Tolkien’s work supplied something that was missing among the formal innovations of
the 20th century fiction, something for which readers were ravenous. But what was it, and why was it
important?
Answering this question properly would probably require a book rather than an article. But it seems that
the crux of the matter lies in Tolkien’s wholehearted rejection of modernity and modernism. This is what so
powerfully attracts some readers, and just as powerfully repels others. In his book J.R.R. Tolkien: Auther of
the Century, T.A. Shippey expands on this notion by arguing that Tolkien saw his realm of Middle-earth
not as fiction or invention, but as the the recovery of something genuine that had become buried beneath
fragments of fairy tale and nursery rhyme.
“However fanciful Tolkien’s creation of Middle-earth was,” Shippey writes, “he did not think that he was
entirely making it up. He was ‘reconstructing’, he was harmonising contradictions in his source-texts,
sometimes he was supplying entirely new concepts (like hobbits), but he was also reaching back to an
imaginative world which he believed had once really existed, at least in a collective imagination.”
The book is also deeply grounded in Tolkien’s linguistic expertise – he invented whole languages for his
characters. Sometimes he became so absorbed in the creation of languages, in fact, that he put the story
itself aside for months or years at a time, believing he could not continue until some quandary or
inconsistency in his invented realm had been resolved. But Tolkien’s immense intellect and erudition is not
the source of his success; without his storytelling gift, The Lord of the Ringswould be little more than a
curiosity. And this gift seems to stem straight from his refusal to break from classical and traditional forms.
Tolkien himself often spoke of his work as something ‘found’ or ‘discovered’, something whose
existence was independent of him. It’s wise to tread lightly in this sort of interpretation, but it seems clear
that he believed his work to be something given, something revealed, which contained a kind of truth
beyond measure. As a result, his details have the weight of reality, linguistic and otherwise, and because of
this his great sweep of story feels real as well; you might say that his imaginary castles are built with a
certain amount of genuine stone. Other writers’ fantasy worlds are made up. Tolkien’s is inherited.
1. When The Lord of the Rings was voted the greatest book of the 20th century, ______.
A. many Americans were annoyed. B. some people didn’t believe it.
C. some people found the fact shocking. D. American academics disagreed.
2. It is implied in the second paragraph that The Lord of the Rings______.
A. is more popular in the States than in the UK. B. is taught in many schools throughout the world.
C. is mainly appreciated by academics and journalists.
D. is mostly read by schoolchildren.
3. The word ‘avidly’ in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to______.
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A. joyfully B. keenly C. feverishly D. hastily
4. The word ‘it’ in paragraph 3 refers to______.
A. Tolkien’s work B. the Amazon survey
C. public appreciation of the work D. Tolkien’s linguistic sophistication
5. What was Tolkien’s reaction to criticism of The Lord of the Rings?
A. He felt it was unjustified B. He wasn’t bothered by it
C. He couldn’t understand it D. He partly agreed with it.
6. The phrase ‘this notion’ in paragraph 5 refers to______.
A. polarizing opinions regarding Tolkien’s work B. lack of modern elements in Tolkien’s writings
C. Tolkien’s fictional realm of Middle-earth D. T.A Shippey’s book
7. According to Shippey, Tolkien believed that the world he described______.
A. was full of unresolved contradictions. B. was completely accurate, historically.
C. was imaginative but not pure fantasy. D. was as incredible as his sources.
8. Making languages for The Lord of the Rings______.
A. helped Tolkien to take the story forward.
B. was more interesting to Tolkien than writing the story.
C. was sometimes rather frustrating for Tolkien.
D. resulted in lengthy interruptions to Tolkien’s writing.
9. The word ‘erudition’in paragraph 7 is closest in meaning to______.
A. persistence in the face of criticism B. abiding passion for one’s job
C. wealth of academic knowledge D. a flair for storytelling
10. According to the writer of the article, the details in Tolkien’s work______.
A. are sometimes rather difficult to follow B. make the story seem more realistic
C. include some modern elements D. can be interpreted in different ways
Your answers:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Part 2. For questions 11-20, read the following extract about how CCTV affects our privacy and choose
the correct answer A, B, C or D which fits best according to the text. Write your answers in the
corresponding numbered boxes provided.
WHAT PRICE PRIVACY?
Don’t blame technology for threatening our privacy: it’s the way the institutions choose to use it.
The most depressing moment of my day is first thing in the morning, when I download my overnight
batch of emails. Without fail, it will contain dozens of messages from people who, knowing my interest in
the subject, write to me describing violations of their personal privacy. Throughout the day, the stream
continues, each message in my inbox warning of yet another nail in the coffin of personal privacy. In other
centuries, such invasions of liberty would have arisen from religious persecution or the activities of tax
collectors. Nowadays, the invasions take place through the use of information technology.
So, when those of us who value personal privacy are asked for their view, we will invariably speak in
disparaging terms about such technologies. In an effort to stem the speed and force of the invasion, we will
sometimes argue that the technologies themselves should simply be banned. 'Just stop using the cursed
technology,' we cry, 'then there won't be any privacy issue.' Of course, things are not so simple. Even the
strongest advocate of privacy recognises that technology can offer enormous benefits to individuals and to
society. To prohibit a technology on the grounds that it is being used to invade privacy would also be to
deny society the benefits of that innovation.
The sensible perspective is that technology does not necessarily have to invade privacy. The reality is that
it invariably does. They say that this is a matter of free choice. I doubt that there is any genuine free choice
in the matter. Whether I go with Orange or Vodaphone is indeed a free choice. But I have no choice over
whether my communications data will or will not be stored by my communications provider. They know the
location of my mobile and the numbers from which I received calls, and the emails I send are routinely
stored by all providers, whether I like it or not.
CCTV also gives me no free choice. Its purpose may be to keep me secure, but I have no alternative but
to accept it. Visual surveillance is becoming a fixed component in the design of modern urban centres, new
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housing areas, public buildings and even, in Britain at least, throughout the road system. Soon, people will
expect spy cameras to be part of all forms of architecture and design. Of course, there is another side to the
coin, many technologies have brought benefits to the consumer with little or no cost to privacy. Encryption
is one that springs to mind. Many of the most valuable innovations in banking and communications could
never have been deployed without this technique.
The problem with privacy is not technology, but the institutions which make use of it. Governments are
hungry for data, and will use their powers to force companies to collect, retain and yield personal
information on their customers. In recent years, governments have managed to incorporate surveillance into
almost every aspect of our finances, communication and lifestyle. While acknowledging the importance of
privacy as a fundamental right, they argue that surveillance is needed to maintain law and order and create
economic efficiency. The right to privacy, it is always claimed, should not be allowed to stand in the way of
the wider public interest. This argument is sound in principle, but there seems little intellectual or analytical
basis for its universal and unquestioned application.
When the UK government introduced the RIP legislation in 2000, it originally intended to allow an
unprecedented degree of communications interception on the grounds that the dangers of crime on the
Internet warranted increased surveillance. At no time did anyone produce much evidence for this crime
wave, however, nor did anyone in government seem to think any was required. It was left to an eleventh-
hour campaign by civil rights activists to block the more offensive elements of the legislation from a
personal privacy point of view. Such lack of prior justification is a common feature of privacy invasion for
law enforcement and national security purposes.
As I've said, technology does not have to be the enemy of privacy. But while governments insist on
requiring surveillance, and while companies insist on amassing personal information about their customers,
technology will continue to be seen as the enemy of privacy.
11. From the first paragraph, we understand that the writer______.
A. resents receiving such distressing emails from people
B. is surprised that people should contact him about privacy
C. finds it hard to cope with the tone of the emails he receives
D. is resigned to the fact that invasions of privacy are on the increase
12. What view does the writer put forward in the second paragraph?
A. People should be willing to do without certain forms of technology.
B. It is a mistake to criticise people for the way they use technology.
C. It is unrealistic to deny people the benefits that technology can bring.
D. People shouldn’t be allowed to use technologies that threaten privacy.
13. The writer feels that some companies______.
A. do not really give customers a say in issues related to privacy
B. fail to recognize that their products may invade people’s privacy
C. underestimate the strength of their customers’ feelings about privacy
D. refuse to make compromises with customers concerned about privacy
14. What point does the writer make about CCTV?
A. People no longer question how necessary it is.
B. People feel more secure the more widely it is used.
C. It ought to be a feature of all new building projects.
D. It would be difficult for society to function without it.
15. The writer gives encryption as an example of a technology which______.
A. brings only questionable benefits to society in general
B. poses much less of a threat to privacy than others
C. actually helps us to protect personal privacy
D. is worth losing some personal privacy for
16. In the fifth paragraph, the writer suggests that governments are______.
A. justified in denying the right of privacy to criminals
B. mistaken in their view that surveillance prevents crime
C. wrong to dismiss the individual’s right to privacy so lightly
D. unreasonable in their attitude towards civil rights campaigners

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17. What is the writer’s main criticism of the RIP legislation in the UK?
A. Changes were made to it at the last moment.
B. It contained elements that had to be removed.
C. There was no proof that it was really needed.
D. Civil rights groups were not consulted about it.
18. The phrase “springs to mind” in the fourth paragraph is closest in meaning to______.
A. comes quickly into your mind B. thinks less about something
C. never occurs to your thought D. identify something endlessly
19. Which of the following square brackets [A], [B], [C], or [D] best indicates where in the paragraph the
sentence “Companies may well argue that customers are prepared to ‘trade off’ a little privacy in return
for better service or a cooler and more sophisticated product” can be inserted?
[A] The sensible perspective is that technology does not necessarily have to invade privacy. The reality
is that it invariably does. [B] They say that this is a matter of free choice. I doubt that there is any genuine
free choice in the matter. Whether I go with Orange or Vodaphone is indeed a free choice. [C] But I have no
choice over whether my communications data will or will not be stored by my communications provider.
[D] They know the location of my mobile and the numbers from which I received calls, and the emails I
send are routinely stored by all providers, whether I like it or not.
A. [A] B. [B] C. [C] D. [D]
20. The phrase “are hungry for” in the fifth paragraph is closest in meaning to______.
A. have a strong desire for something B. are full of something
C. get rid of something D. painstakingly search for something
Your answers
11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
III. GUIDED CLOZE TEST
Part 1. For questions 1-10, read the following passage and choose the best answer A, B, C or D which fits
best each blank. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.
While living in a metropolis has its perks, it can (1)_____on our mental health. Compared to rural
residents, researchers have found that (2)______are 21 percent more likely to have anxiety disorders and 39
percent more likely to have mood disorders. A 2017 meta-analysis also found that rates of PTSD,
(3)______management, and generalized anxiety disorder were higher among those living in urban areas.
So, what’s the explanation? According to psychiatrists, urban living gives the brain a workout, which
alters how we scope with stress. Here’s how it works: the constant stimulation of city life can propel the
body into a stressful state, known as the fight-or-flight response. That can make us more vulnerable to
mental health concerns, such as depression, anxiety, and (4)______use. This might help explain why 19.1
percent of Americans live with an anxiety disorder, while 6.7 percent have depression. City living can also
(5)______at your psychological immune system, which can be (6)______for those with a family history of
mental illness. According to psychologists, this environmental stress can increase your risk of developing a
psychiatric condition, such as anxiety, depression or (7)______disorder. Even though urban life may lead to
emotional distress, shame and stigma can stop young adults from talking about their struggles. This may
explain why they feel lonelier than older generations, according to a Cigna study.
What’s more, young adults, especially millennials, often feel (8)______- a stressful state of mental and
physical exhaustion that can (9)______the joy out of life. Older generations may view millennials as
incompetent adults who (10)______responsibility, but as Anne Helen Peterson wrote for Buzzfeed,
millennials have ‘errand paralysis’ and think they should always be working.
1. A. cause damage B. take a big toll C. engender trouble D. go wrong
2. A. urbanists B. urbanees C. urbaners D. urbanites
3. A. time B. anger C. money D. resource
4. A. substantial B. subsequent C. substance D. subsequential
5. A. chip in B. chip up C. chip down D. chip away
6. A. precarious B. insecure C. unpredictable D. delicate
7. A. mixed B. bipolar C. tripolar D. depressive
8. A. outburn B. burnout C. inburn D. burn-in
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9. A. blow B. reveal C. squeeze D. force
10. A. fight shy of B. go away from C. go out of D. shy away from
Your answers:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Part 2. For questions 11-20, read the following passage and choose the best answer A, B, C or D which
fits best each blank. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.
There is a generation of young people that have been labeled as ‘snowflakes’- unable to handle stress and
more prone to (11)______- too emotionally vulnerable to cope with views that challenge their own. They are
also said to have less psychological (12)______than previous generations
Children’s lives are being (13)______. No longer are children able to spend time with friends
unsupervised, explore their community, or (14)______spontaneously in groups without being viewed with
suspicion. This is further impacted by the way children are taught in schools and how pressure to succeed
has led to a taming of education. Children are being (15)______and controlled; it’s not surprising this
impacts their mental health. Ideas about good parenting, which emphasize knowing where children are and
keeping them safe, combined with contemporary ideas that view children as naturally (16)______, also fail
to recognize their ability to cope with situations which we, as adults, deem to be complex.
This all comes (17)______a backdrop of increasing concern for children’s well-being. But what adults
see as important for a child’s well-being and what children themselves see as being important may not be the
same. This has led to a rise in a(n) (18)______type of parenting-often referred to as ‘helicopter parenting.’ It
may well be that the competitive nature of contemporary society contributes to parents dominating their
children’s lives- for reasons that are rational to them. But (19)______, they act against the long-term
interests of their children. This also leads to a childhood for many children, is (20)______by supervision,
surveillance, and lack of any real challenges.
11. A. taking amiss B. taking offence C. harboring feelings D. hating themselves
12. A. health B. well-being C. resilience D. assessment
13. A. suffocated B. choked C. silenced D. stifled
14. A. hang out B. hang around C. hang about D. hang over
15. A. overmanaged B. macromanaged C. undermanaged D. micromanaged
16. A. vulnerable B. susceptible C. unable D. disabled
17. A. against B. without C. within D. up to
18. A. thorough B. exhaustive C. rigorous D. intensive
19. A. in doing so B. during that time C. on doing so D. during the process
20. A. overstated B. overindulged C. overridden D. overpowered
Your answers:
11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
III. OPEN CLOZE TEST
Part 1. Read the following passage and fill each blank with ONE suitable word. Write your answers in
the corresponding numbered boxes provided.
Plants and animals hold medicinal, agricultural, ecological (1)______. Endangered species must be
protected and saved so that future generations can experience their presence and value. Plants and animals
are responsible for a variety of useful medications. In fact, about forty percent of all prescriptions written
today are composed from the natural compounds of different species. These species not only save lives, but
they (2)______to a prospering pharmaceutical industry worth over $40 billion annually. Unfortunately, only
5% of known plant species have been screened for their medicinal values, although we continue to lose up
to 100 species daily. The Pacific yew, a slow-growing tree found in the ancient forests of the Pacific
Northwest, was historically (3)______a "trash" tree. (4)______, a substance in its bark was recently
identified as one of the most promising treatments for ovarian and breast cancer. Additionally, more than 3
million American heart disease sufferers would die within 72 hours of a heart attack without digitalis, a drug
(5)______from the purple foxglove.
Plant and animal species are the foundation of healthy ecosystems. Humans depend on ecosystems such
as coastal estuaries, prairie grasslands, and ancient forests to purify their air, clean their water, and supply
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them with food. When species become (6)______, it is an indicator that the health of these vital ecosystems
is beginning to unravel. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (7)______that losing one plant species can
trigger the loss of up to 30 other insect, plant and higher animal species. The northern spotted owl, listed as
threatened in 1990, is an indicator of the declining health of the ancient forests of the Pacific Northwest.
These forests are the home (8)______over 100 other old-growth dependent species, which are at risk due to
decades of unsustainable forest management practices. Pollution (9)______the coast of Florida is killing the
coral reefs along the Florida Keys, which serve as habitat for hundreds of species of fish. Commercial fish
species have begun to decline, (10)______a threat to the multi-million dollar tourism industry, which
depends on the quality of the environment.
Your answers:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Part 2. Read the following passage and fill each blank with ONE suitable word. Write your answers in
the corresponding numbered boxes provided.
PICTURED: THE ROBOT CAN PULL FACES JUST A HUMAN BEING
Scientists have created the first 'humanoid' robot that can mimic the facial expressions and lip movements of
a human being. 'Jules' - a disembodied androgynous robotic head - can automatically copy the movements
picked up by a video camera and mapped on to the tiny electronic motors in his skin. It can grin and grimace,
(11)______its brow and 'speak' as the software translates the expressions observed on a video camera into
digital commands produce mirrored movements. And it all happens in real time as the robot can (12)______the
commands at 25 frames per second.
The animatronic head has flexible rubber skin that is moved by 34 servo motors, which trigger command to
produce similarly realistic (13)______movements. The technology works using ten stock human emotions.
Copy cat robots head have been created before, but not with realistic (14)______faces. Jules’ human appearance
makes getting the expressions perfect even more critical, to avoid the notorious ‘uncanny’ valley, a term to
describe the way that human-like robots that are not quite true-to-life are perceived as more unnerving and
alarming than less realistic more mechanical-looking versions. It took a team of three engineers three and a half
years to develop the breakthrough software to create (15)______between humans and artificial intelligence.
Actually, human communication (16)______heavily on facial expression, so robots that can mimic them well
should find much wider application. It is anticipated that this would make them useful in healthcare settings,
such as nursing homes, and it is predicted that one day robotic companions will work and assist humans in
space- or any other field where trustworthiness, reliability and emotional intelligence are required.
(17)______, not everyone is impressed by Jules's mastery of (18)______, and some scientists question the
ethical implications of using human-like robots for more than entertainment. They fear that exposed or
vulnerable people, like children or elderly people, would be disconcerted by humanoid automatons. They might
be fooled (19)______trying to form a social relationship with the robot, thinking that it is capable of not only
looking like a human and behaves like a human, but also feeling like a human- or react (20)______towards a
robot which just looks too human.
Your answers:
11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
IV. WORD FORMATION
Part 1. Supply the following sentences with the correct forms of the words given in parentheses. Write
your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.
1. ______includes, beliefs, theories, or practices that have been or are considered scientific, but have no basis in
scientific fact. (SCIENCE)
2. They argue that killing seals for______products cannot be justified. (ESSENTIAL)
3. They were accused of______of the terms of the contract. (OBSERVE)
4. A business that teaches and reinforces______performance at all levels is a business that is dedicated to the
well-being of its employees. (ERROR)
5. From September 1829 until March 1830 Lundy was assisted in the______of the paper by William Lloyd
Garrison. (EDITE)
6. “______, this show is harmful to your belief structure,’ Stewart said in disbelief. (EDUCATE)
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7. The aim of this project is to create a______house that will serve as Dormitories, Restaurant with terrace, Bar,
Sharma Shop, Office and Meeting area. (PURPOSE)
8. Determining why some high ability students demonstrate low levels of achievement is difficult
because______occurs for many different reasons. (ACHIEVE)
9. This chapter explores how judicial______about what is at stake for constitutional losers puts constitutional
stature at risk. (TRUE)
10. A______person always tries to be fair and reasonable, and always listens to other people’s opinions.
(MIND)
Your answers:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Part 2. Fill in the blank with an appropriate form of one of the words given to make a meaningful
passage. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.
OUTDATED ACT STATE ESTABLISH MORTALITY
FORM CONDUIT ALLEGATION ART ADMINISTER
HOTEL CHELSEA
To say that the Hotel Chelsea has an interesting history would be a/ an (11)______ . Since the early twentieth
century, the hotel has been home to dozens of celebrities. The fame of the building itself (12)______ its fame as
a hotel; when it was constructed in 1883 as a block of flats, it was New York's tallest building. It became a hotel
in 1905. Although prosperous at first, during a period of (13)______, the hotel began to degenerate. It went
bankrupt and changed hands in 1939. Its (14)______new managers soon got it up and running again and, in the
post-war era, its fame grew.
As a part of the New York artistic scene, the hotel is irreplaceable. Its famous residents have included actors,
artists, singers, writers and numerous (15)______figures. Frida Kahlo, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jackson Pollock,
Marilyn Monroe, Bob Dylan, Jimi Hendrix, Madonna and Uma Thurman all lived there for a while, and the
hotel has been (16)______in dozens of songs, books and films. Always a place of (17)______, the hotel 's
management sometimes allowed penniless residents to pay for their rooms by their (18)______, some of which
still hang in its lobby today. Its famous residents have found the hotel (19)______to creativity.
However, the hotel is also associated with artistic misbehaviour and tragedy. One of numerous examples of
wild adventures behind its closed doors, the poet Dylan Thomas (20)______collapsed in room 205 of the hotel
after partying too hard. He died four days later.
Your answers:
11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
V. ERROR IDENTIFICATION AND CORRECTION
For questions 1-10, the passage blow contains TEN mistakes which are incorrect in terms of vocabulary,
grammar and structure. Identify and make correction for them. Write your answers in the corresponding
numbered boxes provided.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) is worried that 1.1 billions teenagers and people of their twenties
and early thirties are damaging their hearing by listening to loud music. It says nearly half of the young
people in middle- and high-income countries risk hearing damages because of the "unsafe use" of personal
music players, including smart phones. Loud music in nightclubs, bars and at sportive events also increases
the risk. The WHO recommends a safe limit of listening to music for just one hour a day. The WHO director
for injuring prevention, Dr Etienne Krug, told the BBC that: "What we're trying to do is raise awareness of
an issue that is not talked about enough." He said hearing loss is easily preventable.
Dr Krug said taking the volume down and limiting the use of personal audio devices to less than one hour
a day would prevent a lot of people's hearing. However, he also said that, "even an hour can be too much
unless the volume is too loud". Ralph Holme, a biomedical researcher, explained how loud noise can
damage ears. He said: "Loud sounds damage your hear by killing of thousands of little hair cells in the inner
ear. The cells detect different pitches of sound through vibration; therefore, they are very fragile and if they
vibrate too much due to loud sounds for too long, they get damaged and die." He warned that: "The problem
is they don’t grow back and the ear can no longer detect sound."
Your answers:
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Lines Mistakes Corrections
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
VI. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION
Rewrite the sentences below in such a way that their meanings stay the same. You must use the words in
capital without changing their forms. Write your answers in the blank space provided.
1. Nowadays, many doctors are too busy with their work, so they have less time for their children.
(BOUND)
 Nowadays_________________________________________________________________to have time
for their children.
2. Managing the company will probably be much more complicated than they say.
 Managing the company should not____________________________________________________easy
as they say.
3. I did not attend the farewell party last night because I had a lot of work to deal with. (NECK)
 If I_________________________________________________, I would have attended the farewell
party last night.
4. Despite having been very nervous at first, he completed the test successfully. (STATE)
 Despite__________________________________________________________________________gas.
5. Sam’s impressive speech helped her achieve very good results for her promotion. (MIRACLES)
 Sam’s impressive speech helped her_______________________________________________________.
6. The secretary admires her manager so much that she doesn’t see his faults, so she does everything he
orders. (TUNE)
 The secretary dances____________________________________________________________pedestal.
7. When the year is coming, all members are excited. (FEVER)
 When the year is coming, _____________________________________________________________.
8. The singer was willing to sacrifice her happiness to become famous. (ALTER)
 ____________________________________________________________________________________.
9. I think we should not make the discussion last longer because we need to reach a decision. (DRAG)
 __________________________________________________________________________________.
10. In the court, a lawyer made every effort to find mistakes in the witness’s statement. (HOLES)
 ____________________________________________________________________________________.
END OF TEST- BEST OF LUCK

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