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Tabla de propiedades

ENSAYO TENSION TENSION


MATERIAL: Aluminio 1 Acero Estructural
𝑑𝑜 6.30 mm 6.35 mm
𝐿𝑜 26.75 mm 27.94 mm
𝐿𝑟 36.42 mm 38.1 mm
𝐴𝑜 31.16 𝑚𝑚2 31.67 𝑚𝑚2
𝑑𝑓 3.35 mm 4.31 mm
𝐿𝑓 32.28 mm 30.73 mm
𝐴𝑓 8.83 𝑚𝑚2 14.59 𝑚𝑚2
VOLUMEN 1134.8472 𝑚𝑚3 1206.6 𝑚𝑚3
𝜀𝑐𝑒𝑑 0.013811093 mm/mm 0.026713178 mm/mm
𝜎𝑐𝑒𝑑 2 2
281.7715019 𝑁⁄𝑚𝑚 666.245658 𝑁⁄𝑚𝑚
𝜀𝑚𝑎𝑥 0.099395936 mm/mm 0.072883543 mm/mm
𝜎𝑚𝑎𝑥 2 2
314.5057766 𝑁⁄𝑚𝑚 697.821282 𝑁⁄𝑚𝑚
𝜀𝑟𝑢𝑝 0.182317408 mm/mm 0.19063587 mm/mm
𝜎𝑟𝑢𝑝 2 2
226.572529 𝑁⁄𝑚𝑚 503.631197 𝑁⁄𝑚𝑚
R.E.U 1.945786209 8.898769427
R.E.T 2208.170031 10737.25519
T.U 54.35586393 130.0200439
T.T 61685.59999 156882.185
%Elongación 20.67 9.98
%R.A 71.66 53.93

𝑉 = 𝐴𝑂 𝐿𝑟 → (31.16 𝑚𝑚2 )(36.42 mm) = 1134.8472 𝑚𝑚3


1 1
𝑅. 𝐸. 𝑈 = 𝜀𝑐𝑒𝑑 𝜎𝑐𝑒𝑑 → (0.013811093)(281.7715019) = 1.945786209
2 2
𝑅. 𝐸. 𝑇 = 𝑅. 𝐸. 𝑈 × 𝑉𝑂𝐿𝑈𝑀𝐸𝑁 → (1.945786209)(1134.8472 𝑚𝑚3 )=2208.170031
𝜎𝑐𝑒𝑑 + 𝜎𝑚𝑎𝑥 281.7715019 + 314.5057766
𝑇. 𝑈 = [ ] 𝜀𝑟𝑢𝑝 → [ ] 0.182317408 = 54.35586393
2 2
𝑇. 𝑇 = 𝑇. 𝑈 × 𝑉𝑂𝐿𝑈𝑀𝐸𝑁 → (54.35586393)(1134.8472 𝑚𝑚3 ) = 61685.59999

𝐿𝑓 − 𝐿𝑜 32.28 mm − 26.75 mm
% 𝐸𝑙𝑜𝑛𝑔𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑜𝑛 = × 100 → × 100 = 20.67
𝐿𝑜 26.75 mm

𝐴𝑂 − 𝐴𝑓 31.16 𝑚𝑚2 − 8.83 𝑚𝑚2


% 𝑅𝑒𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑑𝑒 𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎 = × 100 → × 100 = 71.66
𝐴𝑜 31.16 𝑚𝑚2