Sei sulla pagina 1di 13

Part – A

Micro-Project Proposal

Title of Micro-Project
TYPES OF FORMWORK USE FOR RCC STRUCTURES AT SITES
• Aims of the Micro-Project :
Prepare a report on types of formwork use for RCC structures at sites.

• Course Outcomes Addressed :


1) To acquire knowledge about types of formwork use for RCC structures at sites.
2) To study the suitability of types of formwork use for RCC structures at sites.

3.0 Proposed Methodology:


At the first step we got our topic of design of steel and RCC structures to Prepare
report on types of formwork use for RCC structures at sites. Then we discussed with our subject
teacher about the collection of data required for project, source of data, preparation of
report etc.
For our micro-project then we will discuss about topic in our group and distribute
our work among all group members. We will search for types of formwork use for RCC
structures at sites and then we will show our collected data to subject teacher after that we
will prepare a report.
4.0 Action Plan

Sr. Details of activity Planned Start date Planned Finish Roll no. of
No. date Responsible Team
Members
-
1. Micro project given 25/07/2019 46-51

2. Collecting the information 26/07/2019 30/07/2019 46-51


-
3. Distribution of work 30/07/2019 46-51

4. Preparation of Report 05/08/2019 10/08/2019 46 & 50


-
5. Submission /08/2019 46-51
6.0 Resources Required

Sr. No. Name of Resource/material Specifications Quality Remarks


1. Internet - -
2. Computer HP Company, Windows 10 01 Nos. -
3. Building construction Nirali publication 01 Nos. -

Names of Team Members with Roll Nos.

Sr no. Names Roll no.


01 Onkar Vyawahre 46

02 Kajal Mankar 47
03 Nihal Waghmare 48
04 Rushikesh Kuyate 49

05 Sumit Pingane 50
06 Akshay Reddiwar 51

Part – B
Micro-Project Report
Title of Micro-Project
TYPES OF FORMWORK USE FOR RCC STRUCTURES AT SITES

• Rationale:-
The use of formwork is very important in the process of construction. There
are many types of formwork and this is necessary when constructing a build. Because
of formwork, it is easy to make the different design of building parts such as stairs, walls,
and floor. There are 3 types of formwork design such as timber formwork, plywood
formwork, and steel formwork.

2.0 Aim of the Micro-Project :


Prepare a report on types of formwork use for RCC structures at sites.

• Course Outcomes Addressed:-

1) To acquire knowledge about types of formwork use for RCC structures at sites.
2) To study the suitability of types of formwork use for RCC structures at sites.

4.0 Literature Review


Sr. Title of Book Author Publication
no.

01. Building Construction Vithoba K. Kumawat , Nirali publication


Sheetal S. Karale ,
Vaibhao K. Sonarkar

02. Design of steel and R.C.C R. R. Gadpal, D.J. Nirali publication


Structure Khamkar, R.B.
Narahari

5.0 Actual Methodology Followed:-


At the first step we got our topic of design of steel and RCC structures to Prepare
report on types of formwork use for RCC structures at sites. Then we discussed with our
subject teacher about the collection of data required for project, source of data, preparation
of report etc.
For our micro-project then we will discuss about topic in our group and distribute
our work among all group members. We will search for types of formwork use for RCC
structures at sites and then we will show our collected data to subject teacher after that we
will prepare a report.

INTRODUCTION

FORMWORK
Formwork (shuttering) in concrete construction is used as a mould for a
structure in which fresh concrete is poured only to harden subsequently. Types
of concrete formwork construction depends on formwork material and type of
structural element.

The construction of formwork takes time and involves expenditure up to


20 to 25% of the cost of the structure or even more. Design of these temporary
structures are made to economic expenditure. The operation of removing the
formwork is known as stripping. Stripped formwork can be reused.

A good formwork should satisfy the following requirements:

• It should be strong enough to withstand all types of dead and live loads.

• It should be rigidly constructed and efficiently propped and braced both


horizontally and vertically, so as to retain its shape.
• The joints in the formwork should be tight against leakage of cement
grout.

• Construction of formwork should permit removal of various parts in


desired sequences without damage to the concrete.

• The material of the formwork should be cheap, easily available and


should be suitable for reuse.

• The formwork should be set accurately to the desired line and levels
should have plane surface.

• It should be as light as possible.

• The material of the formwork should not warp or get distorted when
exposed to the elements.

• It should rest on firm base.

Economy in Formwork

The following points are to be kept in view to effect economy in the cost of
formwork:

• The plan of the building should imply minimum number of


variations in the size of rooms, floor area etc. so as to permit reuse of
the formwork repeatedly.
• Design should be perfect to use slender sections only in a most
economical way.

• Minimum sawing and cutting of wooden pieces should be made to


enable reuse of the material a number of times. The quantity of surface
finish depends on the quality of the formwork.

Formwork can be made out of timber, plywood, steel, precast concrete or


fiberglass used separately or in combination. Steel forms are used in situation
where large numbers of re-use of the same forms are necessary. For small
works, timber formwork proves useful. Fibre glass made of precast concrete
and aluminium are used in cast-in-situ construction such as slabs or members
involving curved surfaces.

Types of Formwork (Shuttering) for Concrete Construction:

Timber Formwork:

Timber for formwork should satisfy the following requirement:

It should be

• Well-seasoned

• light in weight

• easily workable with nails without splitting

• free from loose knots


Timber used for shuttering for exposed concrete work should have smooth
and even surface on all faces which come in contact with concrete.

Timber Formwork

Plywood Formwork

Resin bonded plywood sheets are attached to timber frames to make up


panels of required sizes. The cost of plywood formwork compares favourably
with that of timber shuttering and it may even prove cheaper in certain cases
in view of the following considerations:

• It is possible to have smooth finish in which case on cost in surface


finishing is there.

• By use of large size panels it is possible to effect saving in the


labour cost of fixing and dismantling.

• Number of reuses are more as compared with timber shuttering.


For estimation purpose, number of reuses can be taken as 20 to 25.
Plywood Formwork

Steel Formwork

This consist of panels fabricated out of thin steel plates stiffened along the

edges by small steel angles. The panel units can be held together through the

use of suitable clamps or bolts and nuts. The panels can be fabricated in large

number in any desired modular shape or size. Steel forms are largely used in

large projects or in situation where large number reuses of the shuttering is

possible. This type of shuttering is considered most suitable for circular or

curved structures.
Steel Formwork

Steel forms compared with timber formwork:

• Steel forms are stronger, durable and have longer life than timber
formwork and their reuses are more in number.

• Steel forms can be installed and dismantled with greater ease and
speed.

• The quality of exposed concrete surface by using steel forms is


good and such surfaces need no further treatment.

• Steel formwork does not absorb moisture from concrete.

• Steel formwork does not shrink or warp.

Construction of Concrete formwork:

This normally involves the following operations:

• Propping and centring


• Shuttering

• Provision of camber

• Cleaning and surface treatment

Order and Method of Removing Formwork:

The sequence of orders and method of removal of formwork are as


follows:

• Shuttering forming the vertical faces of walls, beams and column


sides should be removed first as they bear no load but only retain the
concrete.

• Shuttering forming soffit of slabs should be removed next.

• Shuttering forming soffit of beams, girders or other heavily loaded


shuttering should be removed in the end.

Rapid hardening cement, warm weather and light loading conditions allow

early removal of formwork. The formwork should under no circumstances be

allowed to be removed until all the concrete reaches strength of at least twice

the stresses to which the concrete may be subjected at the time of removal of

formwork. All formworks should be eased gradually and carefully in order to

prevent the load being suddenly transferred to concrete.

Figure shows formwork for different types of members in civil engineering

construction.
FORMWORK FOR BEAMS AND SLABS

Period of removal of formwork

S. No. Description of structural member Time Period


1 Walls, columns and vertical sides of beams 1 to 2 days
2 Slabs (props left under) 3 days
3 Beam soffits (props left under) 7 days
Removal of props to slabs
4 (a) For slabs spanning up to 4.5 m 7 days
(b) For slabs spanning over 4.5 m 14 days
Removal of props to beams and arches
5 (a) Spanning up to 6 m 14 days
(b) spanning over 6 m 21 days
• Actual Resources Used

Sr. Name of Specifications Quality Remarks


No. Resource/material
1. Internet - -
2. Computer HP Company, Windows 01 Nos. -
10

• Outputs of the Micro-Projects


• We got the information about various types of formworks use for R.C.C.
structures.
• We studied the suitability of about various types of formworks.

• Skill Developed / Learning outcome of this Micro-Project;-


• Learning skill
• Working in a Team.
• Preparation of report.

9.0 Applications of this Micro-Project:-


 It is used as a mould for a structure in which fresh concrete is poured only
to harden subsequently.

**************