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Mock RMO 2018

Kayak and TheDarkPrince

Problems :

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Let a, b, c, d R + such that a + b + c + d 1. Prove that

4 (1 a 4 )(1 b 4 )(1 c 4 )(1 d 4 ) 255 · abcd.

2. Call a sequence of positive integers {a i } i1 to be polynomial like if i j|a i a j for all i

= j.

A sequence {b i } i1 of positive integers is called Mahismatian if there’s a constant c such that

0 b i+1 b i c for all i. Prove that if a polynomial like sequence {a i } i1 is Mahismatian

then there exists ﬁxed constants m, n with a i = mi + n for all i.

3.

A non-degenerate triangle ∆ABC is given in the plane, let S be the set of points which lie

strictly inside it. Also let C be the set of circles in the plane. For a point P S, let A P , B P , C P

be the reﬂection of P on sides BC, CA, AB respectively. Deﬁne a function ω : S C such that ω(P ) is the circumcircle of A P B P C P . Is ω injective?

Note: The function ω is called injective if for any P, Q S, ω(P ) = ω(Q) P = Q

4.

Let φ = 1 + 5 , and a be a positive integer. and f (a) denote the number of solutions to

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a b = 1, where b is allowed to vary on the set of positive integers

Prove there’s a constant c such that 0 f (a) c for all a, and f (a) = c inﬁntiely many often.

Let S = { log 2 a + 1|f (a) = c, a N}. Prove there are inﬁnitely many primes p such that p divides atleast one element of S

Note: It’s not terribly hard to see that the equation a b = 1 can have ﬁnitely many (possibly zero) solutions for ﬁxed a, so f (a) is well deﬁned.

5.

Let ∆ABC be a triangle with circumcircle ω, P A , P B , P C be the foot of altitudes from A, B, C onto the opposite sides respectively and H the orthocentre. Reﬂect H across the line BC to obtain Q. Suppose there exists points I, J ω such that P A is the incentre of ∆QIJ. If

M and N be the midpoints of P A P B and P A P C respectively, then show that I, J, M, N are collinear.

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Kayak and TheDarkPrince

6. Let n 2 be a positive integer. There’re n roads in Mahismati, no three roads are concurrent and no two roads are parallel (so each two of them intersect). Number all possible 4 n angles formed by intersection points with {1, 2, · · · , 4 n } in any order.

Baahubali moves in the road in the following way: he starts at an point in the road, moves forward until he reaches an intersection and every time he meets an intersection, he moves either left or right, alternating his choice at each intersection point.

Now, for a path traced by Baahubali, we say the path touches a numbered angle ( 1 , 2 ) if he goes through 1 , turns at the intersection point around the angle and then continues to 2 (or vice versa). Katappa colors two numbers i, j with 1 i, j 4 n with the same color iﬀ there’s a path traced by Baahubali which touches the angles numbered i, j simultaneously.

Is it true that atleast 2n colors will be used by Katappa to color all the numbers?

Example for n = 3 : In the picture attached below, total 2 × 3 = 6 colors will be used to color the numbers in each set with same color {1}, {6}, {11}, {4, 9, 7}, {12, 3, 5}, {10, 8, 2}. The numbers {4, 9, 7} will be colored with the same color because the red path traced by Baahubali touches the angles 4, 9, 7.

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Figure 1: Problem 6

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