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# 10/21/2019 Humidifying Air by Adding Steam or Water

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## Humidifying Air by Adding Steam or Water

Air can be humidified by adding water or steam

## Pipe Flow Software - Pipe

Calculations
Pipe Flow Software

## Air can be humidified by

adding water vapor - or steam

## Humidifying Air by adding Water

If water is added to the air without any heat supply the state of the air changes adiabatic along a constant
enthalpy line - h - in the Mollier or psychrometric chart. The dry temperature of the air decreases as
indicated in the process from A to C in the Mollier diagram above.

The amount of water required to change the specific humidity can be calculated as

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where

## x = humidity ratio (kgh2o/kgdry_air)

If water is added at the same temperature as the air the enthalpy change is zero.

## Example - Humidifying Air by adding Water

An airflow of 3000 m3/h at 25oC and 10% relative humidity (A) is humidified to 60% relative humidity (C)
by adding water through spray nozzles.

Using the Mollier diagram following the constant enthalpy line 30 kJ/kg from A to 60% relative humidity,
the state at C can be found at 14.7oC.
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The humidity ratio at (A) is 0.002 kg/kg and at (C) 0.0062 kg/kg.

## The amount of water:

mw = ((3000 m3/h) / (3600 s/h)) (1.184 kg/m3) ( (0.0062 kg/kg) - (0.002 kg/kg) )

= 0.0041 kg/s

= 14.9 kg/h

## Humidifying Air by adding Steam

If steam is added to the air the state will change along a constant dh/dx - line for steam as indicated in
process A to B in the Mollier diagram above.

When adding saturated steam at atmospheric pressure the constant line dh/dx = 2502 kJ/kg (the
evaporation heat of water at atmospheric pressure). When adding saturated steam at atmospheric
pressure the temperature rise is very small - in general less than 1oC. For practical purposes the process of
adding saturated steam at atmospheric pressure approximates the horizontal temperature line.

## The water vapor added can be calculated using (1).

The enthalpy added can be estimated by using the Mollier diagram or a psyhrometric chart.

## Example - Humidifying Air by adding Steam

An airflow of 3000 m3/h at 25oC and 10% relative humidity (A) is humidified to 60% relative humidity (B)
by adding saturated steam at atmospheric pressure.

Using the Mollier diagram the process from (A) to (B) can be approximated by following the constant
temperature line 25oC to 60% relative humidity and approximately 25.5oC (a temperature increase less than
1oC).

Note! - by adding enough steam the state of air (B) is moved to the saturation line where the air is fully
saturated. By adding even more steam the process starts following the saturation line - moisture content and
dry bulb temperature will increase - and droplets or fog may be introduced in the moist air.

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The humidity ratio at (A) is 0.002 kg/kg and at (B) 0.012 kg/kg.

## The amount of water added can be calculated as:

mw = ((3000 m3/h) / (3600 s/h)) (1.184 kg/m3) ( (0.012 kg/kg) - (0.002 kg/kg) )

= 0.01 kg/s

= 35.5 kg/h

The enthalpy change can be estimated from the Mollier diagram. The enthaply at (A) is 30 kJ/kg and at (B)
55 kJ/kg. The enthalpy difference is

= 25 kJ/kg

## q = ((3000 m3/h) / (3600 s/h)) (1.184 kg/m3) (55 kJ/kg - 30 kJ/kg)

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## Example - Humidifying Air with Steam in the Psychrometric Chart

The chart below indicates a similar process of humidifying air with steam in the psychrometric chart.

## Pipe Flow Software - Flow Rate

& Pressure Drop Calculations
Pipe Flow Software

Related Topics
Air Psychrometrics - The study of moist and humid air - psychrometric charts, Mollier diagrams,
air-condition temperatures and absolute and relative humidity and moisture content

Related Documents
Absolute Humidity of Air - Humidity - or moist - is the water vapor present in air where commonly
used terms are Absolute, Specific and Relative Humidity

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Air - Density, Specific Weight and Thermal Expansion Coefficient at Varying Temperature and
Constant Pressures - Online calculator, figures and tables showing density, specific weight and
thermal expansion coefficient of air at temperatures ranging -100 to 1600 °C (-140 to 2900 °F) at
atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units
Air and Steam Mixture - Air in the steam will lower the surface temperatures in heat exchangers -
and less heat will be transferred
Air Humidifying with Steam - Imperial Units - Amount of vapor (lb/h in 100 cfm) in humid air
Changing the State of Air by Heating, Cooling, Mixing, Humidifying or Dehumidifying
Processes - Basic air condition processes - heating, cooling, mixing, humidifying and dehumidifying
by adding steam or water - psychometric diagrams and the Mollier charts
Cooling and Dehumidifying Air - Cooling and dehumidifying processes of moist and humid air -
sensible and latent cooling
Cooling and Heating Equations - Latent and sensible cooling and heating equations - imperial
units
Density of Moist Humid Air - Density of dry air and water vapor - moist or humid air
Enthalpy of Moist Air - The enthalpy of humid air consists of sensible and latent heat
Enthalpy of Wet Steam - Wet steam, the dryness fraction and enthalpy
Heat Recovery Efficiency - Classification of heat recovery efficiency - temperature efficiency,
moisture efficiency and enthalpy efficiency - online heat exchanger efficiency calculator
Heating Air with Steam - Calculate air heating with steam
Humidifiers - Sprayed coils, spinning discs and steam humidifiers
Humidifying Air with Steam - SI units - Use steam to humidify air
Mixing Humid Air - The state of mixed moist air - enthalpy, heat, temperature and specific humidity
Moisture Holding Capacity of Air - Moisture holding capacity of air increases with temperature
Mollier Diagram - The Mollier diagram is a graphic representation of the relationship between air
temperature, moisture content and enthalpy - and is a basic design tool for building engineers and
designers
Psychrometric Chart - Barometric Pressure 29.921 inches of Mercury - A psychrometric chart in
English units - temperature ranging 20oF to 120oF
Steam Heating Process - Load Calculating - Calculating the amount of steam in non-flow batch
and continuous flow heating processes
Transforming a Mollier Diagram to a Psychrometric Chart - or vice versa - The relation between
Psycrometric charts and Mollier diagrams
Vapor and Steam - Introduction to vapor and steam

Tag Search
en: humid air steam water
es: agua vapor aire húmedo
de: feuchte Luft Wasserdampf

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