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GE Energy Products – Europe

Rev. : A
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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

1 DESIGN OF SYSTEM
1.1 PURPOSE
The generator, synchronized to the grid, ensures the supply of active power and the
supply or absorption of reactive power.
1.2 DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM
The present document concerns a generator with a power of 115 875 kVA, a
nominal voltage of 15 kV, rotating at a speed of 3000 rpm, cooled by air that has
been water-cooled.
Energy is carried off by two three-phase channels. The excitation is composed of a
rotating supply and rectifying system fixed at the end of the rotor.
1.2.1 Generator general description
The Generating Unit's main components are the generator (stator + rotor), the exciter (a
multiphase a-c machine + rotating diodes), the coolers and the bearings.
These components are skid-mounted.
Skid-Mounted Unit of outdoor "package type"
The skid is a welded structure consisting of I beams and heavy steel plates.
The skid's rigidity permits handling and transportation of the unit without altering the
alignment of its components. It also provides for the transmission of forces to the
anchoring points of the unit and hence to the foundations.
The internal space of the skid is partitioned so as to allow for a proper distribution of the
cooling air flow in the lower part of the generator.
The following components are mounted on the skid:
• the stator, which is mechanically secured to the skid through special supports. These
supports are designed to transmit the torque to the skid, and to prevent transmission
of vibrations coming from the stator magnetic core to the structure of the generator.
• the bearings which support the rotor
• the brushless exciter
• the instrumentation, accessories, wiring, terminals and lube oil piping
• the housing which is bolted onto the skid covers the whole generator as well as the
bearings and the exciter. The access to the bearings and exciter compartments is
ensured by lateral doors. This housing ensures the stator protection and the
distribution of cooling air. It is internally lined with soundproof material. The coolers
are fitted in the upper part of the housing.

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69NT0259-01 Revision: A Date: 08/11/02
GE Energy Products – Europe

Rev. : A
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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

1.2.1.1 Masses
− Base .............................................................................. 33 500 kg
− Stator ............................................................................. 97 700 kg
− Rotor (+ exciter rotor) .................................................... 34 400 kg
− Exciter .............................................................................. 1 800 kg
− Bearings .......................................................................... 6 400 kg
− Housing ......................................................................... 23 000 kg
− Coolers............................................................................. 5 400 kg
− Miscellaneous .................................................................. 4 800 kg
− Generator approximate total weight ............................. 207 000 kg

1.2.1.2 Electrical characteristics


− Cold air temperature .................................................... 67°C
− Apparent power ........................................................... 115.875 kVA
− Voltage ± 10% ............................................................. 15 000 V
− Current ........................................................................ 4.460 A
− Cos. Phi ....................................................................... 0,80
− Frequency ................................................................... 50 Hz
− Speed .......................................................................... 3 000 rpm.
− Airgap .......................................................................... 65 mm
− Losses to be dissipated ............................................... 1.480 kW
− Number of high voltage outputs ................................... 6
− Number of phases ....................................................... 3

− Stator
− Number of slots ........................................................... 72
− Winding pitch ............................................................... 0 to 29
− Voltage ........................................................................ 15 000 V
− Current ........................................................................ 4.460 A
− Resistance per phase at 20°C ..................................... 0,00141 Ohm
− Number of terminal outputs .......................................... 6
− Insulation class ............................................................ F
− Temperature rise ......................................................... Class B
− Phases connection ...................................................... Star

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GE Energy Products – Europe

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

− Rotor
− Number of poles .......................................................... 2
− Number of slots ........................................................... 24
− Excitation voltage ........................................................ 158 V
− Excitation current ......................................................... 1.811 A
− Resistance at 20°C ...................................................... 0,0625 Ohm
− Insulation class ............................................................ F
− Temperature rise ......................................................... Class B

− Tests
Dielectrics
− Stator 31 000 V for 1 min.
− Rotor 1.580 V for 1 min.
Mechanical
− Over-speed 3600 rpm. for 2 min.

− Curves
Sheets 4, 5, 6 et 7.

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
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1.2.1.3 Base
The monobloc base assembly is a welded structure made of I shaped beams and
thick plates which support the stator, the bearings and the exciter.
This design also allows housing the magnetic core making up the magnetic circuit.
A tough and rigid structure is thus obtained to hold the magnetic core and winding.
This structure can resist the rotor magnetic attraction as well as nominal or spurious
torques.
Four trunnions facilitate handling and shifting of the assembly.
Base plates arranged under the generator assembly machined surfaces at the
location of the bearings and main heavy-equipment ensure the anchoring and
adjustment of the generator on the foundation sole plates.
Two of the support transversal beams are notched at their lower part to provide for
the installation of centering blocks embedded into the foundations and accessible
from the upper part of the base on Non-Drive End and through an opening in the
upper part of the base on Drive-End.
Two special locations constituted by bosses are provided for grounding on each
side of the base.
1.2.1.4 Magnetic core
The magnetic core is made up of silicon steel segmental laminations with high
permeability and low specific losses.
These laminations are punched, deburred and varnished on both sides. The
punchings are assembled in an annular, interleaved manner and are separated into
packets by radial vents through which the cooling air will flow. Keybars uniformly
distributed at the periphery of the core permit the precise stacking of the punchings.
After stacking, the core assembly is securely clamped between two heavy fingered
plates and is then blocked both axially and radially, thus forming a rigid core
structure with slots to receive the armature winding.
Given the magnitude of the alternating magnetic fields in the vicinity of the clamping
plates the following special provisions are made to reduce losses:
• The fingers of the clamping plates are non-magnetic.
• A flux shield of high conductivity material, usually aluminium, is mounted on the
clamping plates, thus forming a magnetic flux repulsion screen which protects
the clamping parts from the end-leakage flux between the stator and the rotor.
• The first packet of punchings has graded end-teeth to reduce losses due to the
front fringing flux.
The magnetic core is mechanically secured to the skid through special supports.

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
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1.2.1.5 Stator winding


The armature winding is formed by connecting half-coil bars to make a balanced
three phase lap type winding. There are two Roebel bars per slot. The connection
between consecutive bars is made by brazing their ends with lateral copper plates.
The end-windings are given a spiral shape to form a cone with small opening so as
to reduce the front magnetic field.
The number of stator slots is always chosen in order to have an integral number of
slots per pole and phase. This leads to an armature reaction wave, which is
symmetrical to the axis of the poles. It also reduces the space harmonic content due
to the load.
Half-coil bars
The bars are made of insulated copper strands, transposed according to the Roebel
system all along the core length, thus limiting losses produced by the transverse
slot field. The individual strands are insulated by a wrapping of glass polyester
thread. The bar is ground insulated over its full length - the straight portion as well
as the end-windings - by continuous taping.
The insulating tape is made of mica paper, glass cloth and bonding epoxy resin.
After wrapping, the bar is moulded and hot-polymerized.
Every bar is subjected to shop dielectric tests (high voltage test, measurement of
the variation of tan delta).
Blocking of end-windings
The end-windings are braced to each other and firmly tied with insulating material to
the clamping plates of the magnetic core.
The blocking system for the end-windings rests on stratified insulating material
brackets which are fixed on each of the two clamping plates.
Blocking between the cones formed by the end-windings and between the bars of
the same cone consists of hot polymerized material wedges and rings, and this
provides a bracing perfectly matching the sides of the bars and therefore a uniform
pressure.

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GE Energy Products – Europe

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

1.2.1.6 Rotor
The rotor main components are the solid rotor shaft, the field winding, the retaining
rings and the fans.
The body of the rotor - the shaft's central part - receives after machining and milling
the field and, according to the type, the damper windings whose ends are blocked
and secured by the retaining rings. Further, from the center, there are the fans and
the bearing sections of the shaft.
Solid Rotor Shaft
The generator rotor is machined from a single forging whose ingot is prepared in an
electric furnace, cast under vacuum and weighs about twice as much as the rough-
machined shaft. The mechanical stresses sustained by the rotor while the unit is
running are such that it requires the use of alloy steels, with yield and tensile
strengths of at least 650 and 800 MPa respectively.
These data are measured on test-samples taken from the periphery of the forging.
In addition, ultra-sonic examination verifies the homogeneity of the material and
checks the absence of non-metallic inclusions.
For the field coils, slots of appropriate depth are milled in the central body of the
rotor and are distributed so as to generate a magneto-motive force close to a
sinusoidal wave. These slots cover two thirds of the rotor periphery.
For the damper winding, additional shallow slots are milled on the remaining third of
the rotor periphery.
Since the field winding is fitted only over the two thirds of the rotor periphery, the
asymmetrical arrangement of the coils in the rotor causes a difference in the area
moments of inertia with respect to the main planes of the rotor. In order to avoid
vibrations of twice the rated frequency, this inequality is compensated by slots
milled perpendicularly to the axis of rotation in the unwound portions, so that the
rotor behaves as an isotropic body.
The rotor is designed in such a way that the first critical speed is far below the
synchronous speed, and the second critical speed far higher than the overspeed.

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69NT0259-01 Revision: A Date: 08/11/02
GE Energy Products – Europe

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

1.2.1.7 Field and dampers windings


The field winding conductors are made of low silver alloy copper strips. They are
consolidated together with their insulating material to form half-coils. Then they are
placed in the slots and protected by their ground insulation made of laminated glass
bonded with epoxy resin. The conductors are then brazed together with the
conductors of the second half-coil to form the field winding.
The coil-ends secured under the retaining rings are wedged by laminated glass
spacers. They are insulated from the retaining rings by means of laminated glass
sheaths.
Full length aluminium wedges in the field winding slots form the damper winding
and are machined to ensure good contact with the retaining ring.
Two full length copper straps are used for the remainder of the damper winding in
shallow slots.

1.2.1.8 Retaining rings


The retaining rings are the generator parts which are subjected to the highest
mechanical stresses; in addition, they support asymmetrical loads due to the
distribution of the excitation winding. Therefore, they are made of forged non-
magnetic steel with high mechanical properties obtained by cold-rolling and
resulting from hydraulic expansion in the cold state.

1.2.1.9 Rotor ground detection system


To detect a rotor ground fault in the generator, a system formed by a brush
actuated by a solenoid comes into contact with a contact ring inside the exciter (non
drive-end).

1.2.1.10 Grounding system


This is intended to fix the path of currents possibly induced in the rotor.
It consists of a brush permanently bearing on the rotor on coupling side.
Perform a periodic visual inspection to check that this brush is not worn out.

1.2.1.11 Fans
Two axial fans with streamlined blades of heavy duty aluminium alloy are mounted
onto the rotor and ensure cooling air intake and circulation within the generator.
When fitting blades, apply "ROCOL" anti scuff lubricant to the bolt threads and to
the underside of the bolt heads.
Tightening torque for the M24 bolts: 360 Nm.

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69NT0259-01 Revision: A Date: 08/11/02
GE Energy Products – Europe

Rev. : A
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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

1.2.1.12 Bearings
The machine is equipped with two bearings:
One of them, on the side opposite the coupling (exciter side), is isolated from
ground by a dual insulation between the bearing mounting plate and the raising
block.
This insulation is provided to avoid currents in the shaft and damage to the journals.
It is also used for checking insulation of the whole before coupling.
The bearings are tilting pad type bearings with no stop.
Each pad is lined, for contact with the shaft, with an anti friction metal. Each bearing
is mounted on a spherical pivot providing a continuous adaptation of the position of
the pads with respect to the rotor journals. The pad support assembly is mounted in
a bearing body enclosed by a cover. The assembly is mechanically welded.
The bearing body acts as the oil reservoir.
Deflectors are provided for oil sealing on the shaft journals.
The bearings are lubricated with pressurized oil by the main lubrication system of
the turbogenerator shaft line.
An alternating current, high pressure oil injection unit located outside the machine is
provided for the two bearings. This unit is used for raising the shaft line during
startup and when the unit is slowed down.
An additional, direct current, emergency, high pressure oil injection unit is also
located outside the machine.
The bearing on coupling side is equipped with:
• One Resistance Thermo Detector which monitors the journal bearing
temperature.
• One Resistance Thermo Detector which monitors the bearing oil outlet
temperature.
• Two seismic detectors which monitor the bearing vibration.
• Two proximity sensors used for monitoring the shaft vibration.
The bearing on exciter side is equipped with:
• One Resistance Thermo Detector which monitors the journal bearing
temperature.
• One Resistance Thermo Detector which monitors the bearing oil outlet
temperature.
• One seismic detector which monitors the bearing vibration.
• Two proximity sensors used for monitoring the shaft vibration.
• One oil pressure switch + one pressure transmitter.

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69NT0259-01 Revision: A Date: 08/11/02
GE Energy Products – Europe

Rev. : A
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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

1.2.1.13 Bearings characteristics


− Number of bearing ......................................................... 2
− Bearing type ................................................................... journal pad
− Bore ............................................................................... 400 mm
− Contact length ................................................................ 240 mm
− Oil quality ....................................................................... ISO VG 32
− Oil inlet pressure ............................................................ 1.6 bar
− Oil flow per bearing ........................................................ 185 l/min.
− Maxi oil inlet temperature ................................................ 71°C
− diametric clearance ........................................................ 0,5 mm

1.2.1.14 Sound proofed enclosure


The enclosure provides a complete protection for the generator against inclement
weather conditions and thermally and acoustically insulates it.
The side uprights of the compartment are formed by a framework consisting of
square-section beams and members supporting and maintaining individual side
panels.
The panels are entirely removable from the outside of the generator. Four doors
with locks and reinforced hinges are provided for access to the bearing
compartments.

1.2.1.15 Lighting
The bearing compartments of the generator unit are lighted by standard
230 V A.C protected incandescent lamps.
Each of these lamps is controlled by a switch and supplied with single phase
alternating current, with grounding in the compartment.
Emergency lighting is ensured by protected incandescent lamps supplied with 125 V
D.C. located in the bearing compartments

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
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1.2.1.16 Fire protection


The fire protection system consists of a discharge of CO2 gas intended to reduce
the oxygen rate in the surrounding air (normal rate 21 %) to a value lower than 15%,
which is not sufficient to maintain combustion.
The system is devised to cause an intensive discharge in order to reach the
15 % rate within three minutes, followed by an extended discharge keeping the rate
to the above value for at least twenty minutes in order to limit the probability of re-
ignition.
The system can bring down the oxygen rate only when all doors are closed and all
the housing panels are in place.
The doors and panels gaskets must provide proper sealing because the CO2
protective system will not be effective should the leaks be too large.
It is recommended to check the operating condition of the damper flaps closing
system every six months.
IMPORTANT RECOMMENDATIONS
It is advisable not to intervene into the generator package too hastily during a CO2
gas discharge. Wait until the total extinction of the fire before opening the doors to
evacuate the CO2 gas.
Fire protection system in bearing compartments
A damper located in the top part of the housing is fitted with a closing flap controlled
by a piston lock. The piston displacement is controlled by the emission of gas from
the turbine and activates the closing of the flap.
The flap can be reopened manually from a box located on the side of the damper.
The CO2 gas discharge inside the bearing compartments is tripped by the gas
turbine.
The CO2 gas inlet piping to the nozzles in the bearing compartments and to the
damper lock on exciter end is connected to the gas turbine CO2 piping.
The fire detection is ensured by two sensors placed in each bearing compartment.
1.2.1.17 Lubrication
The oil required for the lubrication of the bearings is supplied by the turbine at a
pressure of 1.5 to 1.7 bars and a temperature of about 71°C.
The rated pressure at the inlet of each bearing is 1.7 bar and the oil flowrate 185
L/mm.
The oil feed and return lines are arranged in such a way to be easily accessible.
They are oriented towards the turbine end of the generator unit. Adapted flanges
are provided for connection to the turbine unit.
These lines are equipped with sight glasses which allow the oil flow to be monitored.
OIL QUALITY: ISO VG 32.

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

1.2.1.18 High voltage terminals


The suitably-isolated "high voltage" outputs are connected to the MEDIUM
VOLTAGE FRAME.
The chocking parts are made of glass roving.
The outputs are numbered in order of successive phases.
The outputs are numbered: U1, V1, W1.
The neutral outputs are fitted with current transformers directly mounted on the
busbars in the "medium voltage" frame.

1.2.1.19 Medium voltage frame


A medium voltage frame groups the voltage terminals, the current and power
transformer etc.

1.2.1.20 Terminal boxes


Three terminal boxes located in the base (non drive end) are provided for gathering
the power and control leads of the generator unit instrumentation and connections.
• Wiring
The wiring between the terminal boxes and the individual equipment or the peculiar
terminal boxes of the individual equipment is done through conduits or cable trays.
Control wiring uses different conduits from those of power wiring.
Each terminal is identified by a number. Wiring identification numbers are arranged
in such a way that they remain close to the terminal references.

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
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1.2.2 Exciter general description


The exciter is completely designed by ALSTOM company.
Its arrangement leads to a minimum overhang on the generator shaft end, which
ensures an overall required space as reduced as possible and a critical speed of
shaft end much higher than the rated speed and the overspeed.
The advantages of an excitation system by "reversed" generator with rotating
diodes are well known.
• Neither rings nor brushes, thus no rubbing parts and no need of any
maintenance.
• No brush dust and no pollution due to the dust.
• Low excitation output to be tapped from the network.
In the exciter the diodes are arranged in such a way that their possible renewal can
be made without dismantling the active parts.
The rotating diode exciter consists of a stationary field and a rotating armature
winding connected to the rotating rectifiers. The armature winding and the diodes
are mounted inside a steel cylinder which acts as a support. One of its sides is
closed, thus forming a coupling plate. It is overhung-mounted at the rotor shaft end,
i.e. without additional bearing.
The exciter armature winding is a polyphase wave type with two or four parts in
parallel.
The current is rectified by a pair of diodes - one of each polarity - at every corner of
the phase polygon. The direct current is then brought to the generator's field
windings by connections passing along the center of the shaft.
The cooling is ensured by the circulation of air derived from the generator cooling
air.

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
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Location of main components 1/2

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Location of main components 2/2

REPERES NOMENCLATURE

A FRAME
B FIELD WINDING SUPPORT
C LAMINATED YOKES - LAMINATIONS
D FIELD COILS
E ARMATURE SUPPORT
F CLAMPING PLATES
G ARMATURE LAMINATION
H ARMATURE BAR
J DIODES AND FITTINGS
K CONNECTION TO THE RECTIFIERS
L END FLANGE
M AIR DUCT COVER

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

1.2.2.1 Masses
− Field (stator) ......................................................................... 410 kg
− Armature (rotor) .................................................................... 1 105 kg
− Miscellaneous ....................................................................... 998 kg
− Exciter approximate total weight ........................................... 2 513 kg

1.2.2.2 Electrical characteristics


− Active power ......................................................................... 286 kW
− Voltage ................................................................................ 158 V
− Current ................................................................................ 1.811 A
− Frequency ............................................................................ 250 Hz
− Speed .................................................................................. 3 000 rpm
− Number of diodes ................................................................. 14
− Number of phases ................................................................ 7

Field
− Number of poles ................................................................... 10
− Number of coiled poles.......................................................... 5
− Number of coil per pole ........................................................ 3
− Voltage ................................................................................ 45 V
− Current ................................................................................ 83 A
− Cold resistance ..................................................................... 0.385 Ohms
− Insulation class ..................................................................... F
− Mounting of poles ................................................................. in series

Armature
− Number of slots .................................................................... 63
− Number of conductors per slots............................................. 2
− Voltage ................................................................................ 158 V
− Current ................................................................................ 1 811 A
− Insulation class ..................................................................... F
− Mounting of phases .............................................................. in polygon

Tests
Dielectric tets
For the dielectric tests, it is necessary to short-circuit the 7 phases and the polarity
rings.
− Armature .......................................................................... 1 580 V for 1 min
− Field ................................................................................. 1 580 V for 1 min
Mechanical tests
− Over-speed ...................................................................... 3 600 rpm for 2 min

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
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1.2.2.3 Frame
The frame is built with cut or bent steel sheets. It ensures two main functions:
• it supports the field,
• it allows the exciter ventilation.
1.2.2.4 Magnetic core
It is composed of a stack of magnetic punchings.
Each punching is insulated by a thin enamel layer.
The outer periphery of the core follows the shape of the 10 poles and its center is
cut to enable the stacking on the ferrule.

1.2.2.5 Clamping plates


The assembly of the core punchings is strongly clamped between two clamping
plates.
The clamping plate on external side is welded on the ferrule before stacking, the
other clamping plate is welded on the ferrule after clamping and thus ensures the
final blocking.

1.2.2.6 Field winding


• It includes 10 poles; 5 poles receive a coil.
• 1 coil includes 3 pancakes.
• Each pancake is wound around a metal jig and includes several turns of copper
wire, with a spacer between each turn. These pancakes are insulated and
varnished.
• A pancake is made of a copper wire with a specific section.
• In order to make the series-assembly easier the coils are pre-manufactured,
arranged, and then fixed on each pole by means of a binding with polyester glass
tape.
• The 3 pancakes are connected to each other by copper "Flag type" sockets.
1.2.2.7 Field winding support
It is a bent and welded steel sheet ferrule supporting the core.
The inside of this ferrule allows the cooling air to flow. One of its ends is fitted with a
disk welded for the fastening of the whole to the frame end-shield.

1.2.2.8 Armature support


The armature support is made of forged steel with high mechanical properties.
It is centered on the generator rotor shaft by a shoulder.
The screws and positioning pins ensure fixation and short-circuit torque
transmission.
On its external side, a groove is machined on the armature support to receive the
balancing masses.

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1.2.2.9 Diodes
On the internal side, the armature support holds 14 diodes.
The diodes are fixed on a clamping plate with an insulated wedge and a cooling
block.
The assembly of 2 diodes constitutes a branch of the rectifier-bridge (which includes
7 branches).
There are two kinds of diodes:
• the S1104-SVD27 diodes, positive polarity
• the S1104-SVU27 diodes, negative polarity
The diodes must be fitted in such a way as to connect the SVU diodes negative
polarity to the collecting ring branched to the negative connection of the rotor.

1.2.2.10 Rotor magnetic core


The core is composed of a stack of magnetic punchings.
Each punching is insulated by a thin enamel layer.
Holes are equally distributed in the ring to allow the cooling air circulation.
Slots are cut on the bore to receive the armature winding bars maintained by
trapezoidal wedges.
Punchings are stuck by a varnish at each extremity of the stacking.

1.2.2.11 Rotor clamping plates


The two clamping plates are made of forged steel and have two main functions:
• they maintain the whole core strongly tight,
• at the core outlet they support the end-windings.
Punchings are tight between the two plates with clamping screws, then the assembly is
hot fitted in the armature support with a slight tightening - then the screws are removed.
Both plates also include equidistant holes for the cooling air flow.

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1.2.2.12 Armature winding


The armature winding is of the single wave type.
Each slot of the magnetic core receives two bars:
• 1 slot bottom bar
• 1 air-gap bar
Each bar consists of 2 Kapton lapped copper wires.
Bar insulation:
The straight part of each bar is insulated by 2 NOMEX half-lapped coats.
In the endwindings the bars are insulated by one KAPTON half-lapped coat and one
coat of glass tape.
In the slot, the bars are separated by a NOMEX paper spacer and protected from
the iron by a calendered NOMEX paper cover.
The connections between the bars are made with brazed sockets.
Outgoers are provided for diode connections.

1.2.2.13 Current collecting rings


The collecting rings and their insulation make a compact assembly which sets in the
internal diameter of the armature support.
On the rings, 14 contact plugs are provided for the connection with the diodes.
• 7 connections join 7 diodes to the negative ring
• 7 connections join 7 diodes to the positive ring
In addition, a connection connects each ring to one of the generator central
connections.

1.2.2.14 End flange


The flange is fixed on the exciter frame on the generator side.
It is constituted with 2 plates assembled by a flat iron welded vertically on one of the
plates. The other plate is screwed on the flat iron.
An opening is provided for the generator shaft for the coupling with the exciter.
On the internal diameter of the flange a two-part aluminium deflector is fixed to
ensure the sealing on the rotor.

1.2.2.15 Air duct cover


The cover comprises plates welded on edge to facilitate fixation of the cover on the
rear of the exciter.
The air coming from the base is directed inside the exciter by the cover.
Angle sections are welded at the lower part of the cover for fixation on the base.
A neoprene rubber seal under the angle sections ensures contact on the base in
order to prevent vibration and air leakage.

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69NT0259-01 Revision: A Date: 08/11/02
GE Energy Products – Europe

Rev. : A
Page : 23/24
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

1.2.3 Equipment and circuit description

1.2.3.1 List of measuring devices


See documents in section DRAWINGS N° 69NT0259-06

1.3 FUNCTIONS OF SYSTEM


1.3.1 Generator functions
The generator is an air-cooled AC generator, driven by a gas turbine. Seen from the
turbine, the direction of rotation is counter-clockwise.
The end of the generator rotor, turbine end, is rigidly coupled to the turbine and
supported by a bearing. The end of the rotor, opposite turbine end, is supported by
a bearing, separated from the generator frame.
The generator is dimensioned such that the stresses remain within reasonable limits
when running in 120% overspeed.
The generator can run, without risk of damage, at all loads and withstand sudden
variations of loads, regardless of their importance, between its capacity end limits.
Sudden opening of the circuit exterior to the generator does not cause damage to
the generator.
The construction of the generator is such that it cannot be damaged by two-phase
or three-phase faults due to short-circuits exterior to stator windings if the duration
of these faults is short enough not to cause harmful overheating.
1.3.2 Exciter functions
The fixed field (from whence the name reversed generator is derived) has 10 poles, 5
of which are wound and series-excited. The poles and the magnetic circuit are
laminated in order to reduce the time constant of the exciter.
The number of 10 poles leads to a frequency of 250 Hz, authorizing reduced
dimensioning of the magnetic circuit all the while keeping losses down to a perfectly
acceptable level.
The armature rotates. Its winding has seven phases and its current is rectified by
seven phase Graetz bridge diodes, fixed to the armature-holder drum.
The silicon diodes are very widely overdimensioned in order to eliminate protective
fuses and the drawbacks connected to the use of these fuses (unwanted blowing).
1.3.3 Cooling system functions
See specification N° FBGE 400 468 in appendices, chapter 1.8

All rights reserved copyright


69NT0259-01 Revision: A Date: 08/11/02
GE Energy Products – Europe

Rev. : A
Page : 24/24.
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DESCRIPTION

1.4 DESCRIPTION OF THE INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROLS


See specifications N° FBGE 400 466 and N° FBGE 400 470 in appendices, chapter 1.8
1.5 ANALYSIS OF FAILURE IN SERVICE
Not applicable
1.6 INTERFACE OF SYSTEMS
Not applicable
1.7 HEALTH AND SAFETY
Before performing any actions detailed within this instruction the Site Health and
Safety Instructions shall be reas and fully understood. The instructions in this
document shall also be read and fully understood.
Whenever the equipment is operated, maintained or used in any way, the procedures
detailed within the Site Health and Safety Manual and any procedures detailed within
these instructions shall be followed.
A WARNING is to inform the user that failure to comply with its instructions could
result in injury or death to personnel.
A CAUTION is to inform the user that failure to comply with its instruction could
result in damage to equipment or pollution to the system or surrounding
environment.

1.8 APPENDICES

• FBGE 200 181 PID diagram - Cooling system


• FBGE 100 140 PID diagram – Shaft control system
• FBGE 400 466 Cooling system – Description of operation
• FBGE 400 470 Setting specification – List of measuring device
• FBGE 400 467 Logic analogic diagram - Cooling system
• FBGE 400 468 Logic analogic diagram – Jacking control system
• 69NT0259-01-01 Equipment list

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69NT0259-01 Revision: A Date: 08/11/02