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Becoming A Better Learner Self-regulated learning – is how students regulate their

own emotion, cognition, behavior, etc.

Learning – change in behavior
Metacognition – is often referred to as “thinking about Self-regulation – process wherein you activate or take
thinking” control of, and evaluate your own learning

 SKILLS Goal – can be short term or long term

1) Knowing your limits
2) modifying your approach – analyzation, Self-efficacy theory by Albert Bandura
introspection - Is a psychological procedure that serve as a
3) Skimming – browsing means of creating and strengthening
4) Rehearsing – application expectation of personal efficacy
5) Self-test  Outcome expectancy – is a person’s estimate
that a given behavior will lead to a certain
- Human beings are the highest form outcome
Concept Elements of Metacognition  Efficacy expectation – the conviction that one
can successfully execute the behavior required
1) self-appraisal to produce the outcome
2) Self-management
Social Cognitive theory – states that people are active
4 Types of Learners participants in their environment and are not simply
 Tacit Learner – are unaware of their shaped by that environment
metacognitive processes although they know
the extent of their knowledge. Self-Efficacy – refers to your belief of capacity to
 Aware Learner – knows some of their perform necessary action to produce specific
metacognitive strategies but they do not plan performance goals
on how to use these techniques - People’s belief about their capabilities to
 Strategic Learner – strategize and plan their produce designated level of performance that
course of action toward a learning experience exercise influence over events that affect their
 Reflective Learner – reflect on their thinking lives
while they are using the strategies and adopt - Reflection of your confidence
metacognitive skills
Social Learning theory – observational learning,
Advantages of Learning motivational learning
1) Self-growth (social growth, spiritual growth, etc.)
2) It builds confidence Develop self-esteem – degrees of self-evaluation;
3) Access to opportunities overall self-worth and self-value
4) Accomplishment
5) Learning speed increases Goal-setting theory Edwin Locke and Gary Latham
- Was based on the premise that match human
Big Brain Damaging Habits action is part potsful and it is directive by
1) Avoiding breakfast conscious goals
2) Overeating - It also predicts that people will channel effort
3) Smoking toward accomplishing their goals which will
4) High sugar consumption intern affected performance
5) lack of sleep - w/ regards to their findings:
6) Bad sleeping habit  The more difficult the goal, the greater the
7) Working during illness achievement
8) Narrow mindedness  The more specific/explicit, the more precise
9) Keeping silent performance is regulated
 Goals that are both specific and difficult
Metacognition – it is a learning strategy to understand, leads to the highest performance
control, and develop your own performance  Goal – level of performance proficiency that
one wants to attain within a certain time
5 principles of goal-setting theory Coping strategies
 Clarity Self-care – entails taking deliberate acts of
 Challenge looking after your mental, physical and emotional
 Commitment health
 Feedback Self-compassion theory – entails being warm
 Task Complexity and understanding towards ourselves when we suffer,
fail, and feel inadequate
SMART – specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, Self-care therapy
time bound  Stop, breath and tell yourself (…)
 Find someone who listens and is accepting
Carol Dweck  Maintain your normal routine as much as
- Fix mindset possible
- Growth mindset  Allow plenty of time for a task
 Take a good care of yourself
Types of Stress  Acknowledge to yourself what you are feeling
- Acute stress
- Episodic stress
- Chronic stress

Stress – mental, emotional strain/ tension

Causes of Stress:
- Internal cause (internal frustration, conflict,
- External cause (major changes in life, daily life
hassle, catastrophic events)

GAS – General Adaptation Syndrome

- Alarm stage (fight or flight)
- Resistance stage (rationalization, sublimation)
- Exhaustion stage

Symptoms of Stress
- Physical
- Cognitive
- Behavioral
- Emotional

Type of Stressors
- Eustress
- Distress