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Code 9A01301

1

II B.Tech I semester (R09) Regular Examinations, November 2010 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(Aeronautical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering)

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 70

1. Prove E = 3K 1

(a)

2 n

(b)

An aluminium bar 60mm diameter when subjected to an axial tensile load 100KN elongates 0.20mm in a guage length 300mm and the diameter is decreased by 0.012mm. Calculate the modulus of elasticity and the poisson’s ratio of the material .

(a)

2. Deﬁne the following :

i. Bending Moment.

ii. Shear force.

iii. Point of contraﬂexure.

A cantilever beam of length 2m carries an uniformly distributed load of 3KN/m over a length of 1.5m from its ﬁxed end and a point load 5 KN at its free end. Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams.

3. Deﬁne Neutral axis. Sketch the bending stress distribution across the cross section of a rectangular beam section 230 × 400 mm subjected to 60KNm moment.

(b)

(a)

4. Circular beam of 120mm diameter is subjected to a shear force of 7KN. Calculate

i. Average shear stress.

ii. Maximum shear stress.

Also sketch the variation of the shear stress along the depth of the beam.

(b)

From ﬁrst principles derive the expression for shear stress at any point in any cross-section of a beam which is subjected to a shear force F.

(a)

5. What is moment area method? Explain the two Mohr’s theorems, as applicable to the slope and deﬂection of a beam.

(b)

A cantilever of uniform cross-section of length l carriers two point loads, w at the free end 2W at a distance a from the free end. Find the maximum deﬂection due to this loading.

6. A solid shaft has to transmit 75 KW at 200rpm. Taking allowable shear stress as 75N/m 2 , ﬁnd suitable diameter for the shaft, if the maximum torque transmitted on each revolution exceed the mean by 25%.

(a)

(b)

A closed coiled helical spring made of 6mm diameter steel wire has 20 coils, each of 100mm mean diameter, when subjected to axial loads of 70N, Calculate

i. The maximum shear stress produced

ii. The deﬂection

iii. The energy stored.

7. Deﬁne the terms :

 (a) Circumferential stress. (b) Longitudinal stress and derive the expressions for the same in thick cylinder.

8. The external diameter of a steel colar is 200mm, and the internal diameter increases by 0.125mm when shrunk onto a solid steel shaft of 125mm diameter. Find the reduction in diameter of the shaft, the radial pressure between the collar and the shaft and hoop stress at the inner surface of the tube. Take E = 210 GN/m 2 and poisons ratio = 0.3.

Code 9A01301

2

II B.Tech I semester (R09) Regular Examinations, November 2010 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(Aeronautical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering)

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 70

1. Derive a relation for the deformation of a body, when subjected to i. Tensile force ii. Its own weight

A steel bar 40mm × 40mm, 3000mm long is subjected to an axial pull of 128KN. Taking E = 2 × 10 5 N/m 2 and poisson’s ratio if 0.3. Calculate the alterations in the length and side of the bar during extension.

2. Deﬁne the ’Beam’ and the type of action and deformation it undergoes.

Draw the S.F and B.M diagram for a simply supported beam of span Lm loaded with UDL of wKN/m.

3. A timber beam of rectangular section is to support a load of 20KN/m over a span of 5m. If the depth of the section is to be twice the breadth, and the stress in the timber is not to exceed 50N/mm 2 , ﬁnd the dimensions of the cross-section. How would you modify the cross-section of the beam if it were a concentrated load placed at the centre with the same ratio of breadth to depth?

(a)

(b)

(a)

(b)

 (a) 4. What do you mean by shear stress in beams ? (b) From ﬁrst principles derive the expression for shear stress of any point in any cross-section of a beam which is subjected to a shear force F.

5. A 6.5m long cantilever carries a uniformly distributed load over the entire length. If the slope at the free end is 1 0 (one degree) , what is the deﬂection at the free end?

6. A shaft transmits 300Kw power at 120rpm. Determine the necessary diameter of solid circular shaft and the necessary diameter of hollow circular section, the inside diameter being 2/3 of the external diameter. The allowable shear stress is 70N/mm 2 . Taking the density at material as 77N/m 3 , calculate the % saving in the shaft if hollow shaft is used.

 (a) 7. Derive the expansion for the change of diameter and length of a thin cylindrical shell subjected to an internal pressure. (b) A cylindrical shell 2.4m long 0.6m in diameter is made up of 12mm thick plate .Find the change in the length & diameter when the shell is subjected to an internal pressure of 2N/mm 2 . Young’s Modulus = 2.1 × 10 5 N/mm 2 and poisson’s ratio = 0.25

8. Compare the values of maximum and minimum hoop stresses for a cast steel cylindrical shell of 600mm external diameter and 400mm internal diameter subjected to a pressure of 30N/mm 2 applied internally and Externally.

Code 9A01301

3

II B.Tech I semester (R09) Regular Examinations, November 2010 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(Aeronautical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering)

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 70

(a)

1. Deﬁne the terms :

i. Normal stress ii. Tangential stress

iii. Ductility

iv. Brittleness

(b)

A ﬂat steel plate is of trapezoidal form of uniform thickness ‘t’. Its width at one end is ‘a’ and at the other end is ‘b’.If its length is ‘L’, determine its elongation under an axial pull.

2. What are the diﬀerent types of beams? Describe the behavior of each of them.

(a)

(b)

Draw the S.F and B.M diagrams for a cantilever with a point load at the free end and u.d.L through out.

(a)

(b)

3. State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending.

Derive the bending equation from the ﬁrst principle.

4. Obtain the shear stress distribution for a rectangular cross section 230X40mm subjected to a shear force of 40KN. Calculate the maximum and average shear stress.

5. A beam of length L is supported at each end with a couple applied at an intermediate point. Deduce an expression for the deﬂection and hence calculate the deﬂection at the point of application of the moment.

A beam of length L carriers a uniformly distributed load w unit length and rests on three supports, two at the ends and one in the middle. Find how much the middle support be lower than the end ones in order that the pressure on the three supports shall be equal.

6. Derive an expression for the deﬂection in a closely coiled helical spring due to axial load w. Use standard notations.

(a)

(b)

(a)

(b)

Write the assumptions made in torsional equation.

7. A shell 3.25m long, 1m in diameter is subjected to an internal pressure of 1 N/mm 2 . If the thickness of the shell is 10mm, ﬁnd the circumferential and longitudinal stresses. Also ﬁnd out the maximum shear stress and the changes in the dimensions of the shell. Take E = 2.1 × 10 5 N/mm 2 , µ = 0.3

8. A steel cylinder of outside diameter 240mm and inside diameter 200mm is shrunk on to one having diameter 200mm and 160mm, the interference ﬁt being such that under an internal pressure p, the inner tensile stress in both cylinders is 85.4N/mm 2 . Find the initial diﬀerence in the nominal 200mm diameters and value of p if E = 2.1 × 10 5 N/mm 2 .

Code 9A01301

4

II B.Tech I semester (R09) Regular Examinations, November 2010 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(Aeronautical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering)

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 70

1. Distinguish between stress and strain, normal stress and shear stress, working stress and yield stress.

A 10mm diameter rod was subjected to axial full of 10KN and the change in diameter was observed to be 0.003mm. Calculate poisson’s ratio and modulus of elasticity. Find also bulk modulus. Assume rigidity modulus as 5 × 10 4 N/mm 2 .

2. Deﬁne statically determinate and statically indeterminate beams. Give examples.

Draw the shear force and B.M diagram for a simply supported beam of length 8m and carrying a uniformly distributed load of 12KN/m for a distance of 4m from the left end. Also calculate the maximum B.M on the section.

3. State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending.

(a)

(b)

(a)

(b)

(a)

(b)

(a)

(b)

(a)

(b)

Derive the bending equation from ﬁrst principle.

4. Prove that for a rectangular section the maximum shear stress is 1.5times the average stress. Sketch the variation of shear stress.

A timber beam 120m wide and 185mm deep supports a u.d.l of intensity wKN/m length over a span of 2.7m. If the safe stresses are 29Mpa in bending and 3Mpa in shear, calculate the safe intensity of the load which can be supported by the beam.

5. Derive an expression for the deﬂection of a simply supported beam subjected to uniformly dis- tributed load using integration method.

A rectangular R.C simply supported beam of length 2m and cross section 100mmX200mm is carrying an uniformly distributed load of 10KN/m through its span. Find the maximum slope and deﬂection. Take F = 2 × 10 4 N/mm 2 .

6. Derive the basic torsion equation

q

r

= f s

R

= T

J

=

L

and write the assumptions.

7. A spherical shell of 90mm internal diameter has to with stand an internal pressure of 35N/mm 2 . Find the thickness of the shell required. The max. permissible tensile stress is 80N/mm 2 .

 (a) 8. Find the ratio of thickness to internal diameter of a tube subjected to internal pressure when the pressure is 3/8 of the max. permissible hoop stress. (b) Find the increase in internal diameter of such a tube 100mm in internal diameter subjected to an internal pressure of 90N/mm 2 . Neglect longitudinal strain and take E = 200GN/m 2 and y m = 0.3.