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The COPAR Process

PHASES ACTIVITIES
PRE-ENTRY PHASE - Community consultations/dialogs
- Setting of issues/considerations related to site selection
- Development of criteria for site selection
- Site selection
- Preliminary social investigations (PSI)
- Networking with local government units (LGUs), NGOs and government
agencies
ENTRY PHASE - Integration with the community
- Sensitization of the community/information campaigns
- Continuing social investigation
- Core group (CG) formation
- Development of criteria for selection of CG members
- Defining the roles/functions/tasks of the CG
- Coordination/dialog/consultation with other community organizations
- Self-awareness and leadership training (SALT)/action planning
COMMUNITY - Selection of the research team
STUDY/DIAGNOSIS - Training on data collection methods and techniques/capability-building
PHASE (RESEARCH (includes development of data collection tools)
PHASE) - Planning for the actual gathering of data
- Data gathering
- Training on data validation (includes tabulation and preliminary analysis
of data)
- Community validation
- Presentation of the community study/diagnosis and recommendations
- Prioritization of community needs/problems for action
COMMUNITY - Community meetings to draw guidelines for the organization of the
ORGANIZTION AND community health organization (CHO)
CAPABILITY-BUILDING - Election of officers
PHASE - Development of management systems and procedures, including
delineation of the roles, functions and tasks of officers and members of
the CHO
- Team building/Action-Reflection-Action (ARA)
- Working out legal requirements for the establishment of the CHO
- Organization of working committees/task groups (e.g., education and
training, membership of committees)
- Training of the CHO officers/community leaders
COMMUNITY ACTION - Organization and training of community health workers (CHWs)
PHASE Development of criteria for the selection of CHWs
Selection of CHWs
Training of CHWs
- Setting up of linkages/network referral systems
- PIME (planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation) of health
services/interventions schemes and community development projects
- Initial identification and implementation of resource mobilization
schemes
SUSTENANCE AND - Formulation and ratification of constitution and by-laws
STRENGTHENING - Identification and development of “secondary” leaders
PHASE - Setting up and institutionalization of financing scheme for community
health program/activities
- Formalization and institutionalization of linkages, networks, and referral
systems
- Development and implementation of viable management systems and
procedures, committees, continuing education/training of leaders,
CHWs, community residents

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