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Oct 27, 2019

set of integers

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detailed lp in math 7

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set of integers

detailed lp in math 7

© All Rights Reserved

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Mathematics

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Practice Teaching

Submitted

by

Marissel A. Lim

November 2016

I. Objectives

A. use the number line to acquire a clear understanding of the basic concepts of integers;

B. show the need for the set of integers by citing practical situations; and

C. Materials: Folder, cartolina, bond paper, envelopes, extension wire, laptop, LCD

projector

III. Procedure:

A. Preliminary Activity:

1. Prayer

ask the guidance of our Almighty God.

Ana will you lead the prayer?

(Ana will come in front and lead the prayer.)

All: We believe in you.

Leader: God our strength and salvation,

All: We trust in you.

Leader: God infinite goodness,

All: We love you with all our hearts.

Leader: You sent the Word into the world as

our savior,

All: Make us all one in Him.

Leader: Fill us with the spirit of Christ,

All: That we may proclaim your name

everywhere. Amen.

Good Morning Class.

Good Morning Ma’am.

2. Checking of Attendance

plan to monitor the absentees.)

right?

Yes, Ma’am.

Very good!

3. Checking of Assignment

count of 5, all papers must be here in front.

1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Are all papers here?

Yes, ma’am.

4. Review

Class let us recall the lesson that we

discussed yesterday.

What was our topic yesterday?

Ma’am.

Yes, Arman.

Our last topic was about set.

Very good, Arman.

And what is a set?

Ma’am.

Yes, Aileen.

A set is a collection of objects.

That is right Aileen.

the braces.

{1,2,3,4,5,}

What do you call the numbers inside

them?

Ma’am.

Yes, Euniz.

They are called the members or elements of the

set.

Correct, Euniz.

and irrational numbers. What is a rational

number?

Ma’am.

Yes, Hannah.

A rational number is any number that can be

written as a fraction as an integer in its numerator

and a nonzero integer in its denominator.

Very good, Hannah.

Ma’am.

Yes, Joje Ann.

An irrational number is a number that cannot be

expressed as a ratio of two integers.

And any number that is either rational

or irrational is called what?

Ma’am.

Yes, Kette.

It is called a real number.

Correct!

You already know the set of real

numbers. Let us proceed to our next topic.

B. Setting-up Activity:

1. Motivation

characteristics or attitudes you like for a

person to have?

Yes, Ma’am.

On a piece of paper, list down at least 5

characteristics or attitude you would like in

a person. And at least 5 characteristics or

attitudes you would not like in a person.

(All answers may vary.)

Now, anyone who would like to share

his/her work?

Ma’am.

Yes, Jun.

(Jun will share his answer.)

That is it. Having good characteristics or

attitudes would gain more friends while

being bad would give you enemies, just

like in the set of integers. All good

characteristics or attitudes serve as the

positive integers while the bad ones serve

as the negative integers.

and negative characteristics or attitudes in

forming friendships. Like being good is

positive while being bad is negative.

That is related to our next topic which is

the set of integers.

D. Presentation of Instructional

Objectives:

objectives?

Ma’am.

Yes, Melanie.

Objectives:

A. use the number line to acquire a clear

understanding of the basic concepts of integers;

B. show the need for the set of integers by

citing practical situations; and

C. write the absolute values of real numbers.

Thank you Melanie.

able to achieve those objectives.

E. Lesson Proper:

1. Discussion

positive whole numbers, all negative whole

numbers, and zero.

Anyone who could give some examples

of positive integers?

Ma’am.

Yes, Annabel.

{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,…}

You are right Annabel.

How about examples of negative

integers?

Ma’am.

Yes, Pia.

{…, -6, -5, -4, -3, -2, -1}

Yes, that is correct.

greater than zero may also be called as a set

of natural numbers.

line.

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

from zero (the origin), but on opposite

sides of zero are called opposites.

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

-(-2) = +2

-(+2) = -2

Note: The opposite of a number n is

written –n.

Class, try to answer this.

Write an integer for each lettered point.

Then give its opposite.

S -4 -3 A I 0 1 2 N T

a. Point S represents -5. Its opposite is 5.

b. Point A represents -2. Its opposite is 2.

c. Point I represents -1. Its opposite is 1.

d. Point N represents 3. Its opposite is -3.

e. Point T represents 4. Its opposite is -4.

Simplify each.

a. –(+7) b. +(-11) c. –[-(-6)]

d. –(-17) e. –{-[-(-28)]}

a. –(+7) = -7

b. +(-11) = -11

c. –[-(6)] = -[+6]

= -6

d. –(-17) = +17 or 17

e. –{-[-(-28)]} = -{-[+28]}

= -{-28}

= +28 or 28

Absolute value is that for every nonzero

real number a, the positive number in the

pair a and –a. This is denoted by | a |.

describe distance on a number line. The

absolute value of an integer is equal to its

distance from 0.

value of x?

Ma’am.

Yes, Jay-Ar?

The absolute value of x is written as | x |.

Good Jay-Ar.

An inequality is a mathematical

statement that contains the symbols >, ≥, <,

≤, or ≠.

and then determine what symbol is that.

1. > 2. ≥ 3. <

4. ≤ 5. ≠

1. Greater than

2. Greater than or equal to

3. Less than

4. Less than or equal to

5. Unequal

inequality problems:

1. The phrase “at most” means ≤ (less

than or equal to).

2. The phrase “at least” means ≥ (greater

than or equal to).

2. Generalization

Did you understand our lesson class?

Yes, Ma’am.

Very good. Now to recap our lesson for

today, let us have a recitation.

Ma’am.

Yes, Jhoy.

The set of integers contains of all positive whole

numbers, all negative whole numbers, and zero.

Very good Jhoy. What is another term of

the set of positive integers or integers

greater than zero?

Ma’am

Yes, Aira.

It may also be called as the set of natural

numbers.

That is right Aira.

What do we call numbers that are of the

same distance from zero (the origin), but on

opposite sides of zero?

Ma’am.

Yes, Berna?

They are called opposites.

You’re correct Berna.

For every nonzero real number a, the

positive number in the pair a and –a. What

do we call it and it is denoted by what?

Ma’am.

Yes, Lorenzo?

It is called absolute value and it is denoted by

|a|.

Very good Lorenzo.

What is inequality?

Ma’am.

Yes, Aileen.

An inequality is a mathematical statement that

contains the symbols >, ≥, <, ≤, or ≠.

What is the other term for less than or

equal to?

Ma’am.

Yes, Alyssa.

It is called at most Ma’am.

You’re right Alyssa. What is the other

term for greater than or equal to?

Ma’am.

Yes, Gretchen.

It is called at least.

You are correct Gretchen. Class, it seems

that you already know our lesson.

3. Application

Let’s apply the set of integers in real life.

Class, in what situation can we apply the

integers?

Ma’am.

Yes, Apple.

Integers are used to describe situations

involving temperature.

That is right. What else?

Ma’am.

Yes, Lita.

Integers are used to describe situations

involving profit or loss.

Correct Lita. Another?

Ma’am.

Yes, Chelo.

Integers are used to describe situations

involving time before or after.

You are right Chelo. What else?

Ma’am.

Yes, Joyce.

Integers are used to describe situations

involving a lift of a space shuttle.

Very good Joyce. Last one?

Ma’am.

Yes, Ronel.

Integers are used to describe situations

involving elevation of land.

Yes, you are all correct. In all of those

examples, integers are used to count

positive and negative units.

examples.

Rewrite each of the following as a

positive or negative number.

a. 20°C below 0°C

b. A gain of P 1 000

c. The year 2000 BC

(Three students will come in front and answer

the problem.)

negative integer. It can be written as -20.

b. A gain of P 1 000 can be modeled by a

positive integer. It can be written as + 1 000.

c. The year 2000 B.C. can be modeled by a

negative integer. It can be written as -2000.

Class, are all their answers correct?

Yes Ma’am.

Remember that distance is always a

positive value (or zero). The absolute value

of an integer is equal to its distance from 0.

4. Values Integration

our topic by solving word puzzle.

be the group 1, group 2, group 3, and this is

the group 4. Make a short yell for your

group. I have here envelopes, inside of

them are big letters which you will form

and an attached paper for your solution. I

will flash the problems on the screen. The

corresponding answers to the problems

were written on the bottom part of the

puzzled letters. Each group has different

puzzled letters to the other group. You will

orderly form the letters into a word then

afterwards, you will do the yell.

Are you ready to do the activity?

Yes, Ma’am.

Here is your envelope. At a count of 5, I

will flash the problems on the screen and

you will form the words. 1,2,3,4,5.

Replace each with > or < to write a

true statement.

1. |5| + |4| |-7| + |4|

2. |-4| +|-11| |8| + |-9|

3. |12-32| |-4|+|-5|-|-8|

4. |4∙5| ∙|-5| |-3|∙|-16|+ |14|-|3|

after you do the yell.

For group 1:

K I N D

For group 2:

GE NE RO US

For group 3:

TH OU GHT FUL

For group 4:

TR U ST ED

out?

Kind, Ma’am.

How about the group 2?

Generous, Ma’am.

How about the group 3?

Thoughtful, Ma’am.

How about the group 4?

Trusted, Ma’am.

Very good. The group 2 was the one

who accomplished the task first, so each of

them will be given 4 points for their

recitation, 3 points for the group 1, 2 points

for the group 4, and 1 point for the group 3.

attitude that you may possess. If you have

some of the pleasant attitudes such as kind,

generous, thoughtful and trusted, you must

be a good person and for sure you have

many friends.

5. Evaluation

would you indicate 8 km north?

2. If + 25 indicates a profit of P25, how

would you indicate a loss of P25?

3. If 4 flights down are represented by

-4, how would you represent 4 flights up?

4. Anne’s Science teacher told the class

that the term paper would have to be at

least 10 pages.

Translation: Number of pages in term

paper 10 pages.

5. The publisher told the author he had

sold at most 50 000 copies of book.

Translation: Number of copies sold

50 000.

6. What is the opposite of +4?

7. What is the opposite of -100?

8. Which is greater, +7 or -5?

9. Write a true statement using > or < in

20, 48, 34.

10. List the integers that can replace x to

make a true statement, | x | = 16.

Answer key:

1. +8 or 8

2. -25

3. +4 or 4

4. ≥

5. ≤

6. -4

7. +100 or 100

8. +7 or 7

9. 20 < 48 > 34

10. -16 and 16

F. Assignment:

14°F

0°F

7° below 0° F

1° below 0° F

-8°F

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