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FIELD AND WAVE ELECTROMAGNETICS, by David K. Cheng, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1983, xvi+576 pages, $39.95, ISBN 0-201-01239-1

wave equation, and the radiation integral in the time domain (retarded vector potential) are presented prior the source free wave equations. This proved to bean inspiring way to introduce electromagnetic waves in that it first deals with the source of the wave and its generation.

Dr. Cheng also has

a nice discussion of

electromagnetic boundary conditions and interfaces

concept of time harmonic fields, Maxwell's equation in time harmonic form, and the scalar and vector potentials in time harmonic form are also presented here.

Chapter

starts with an excellent discussion of

plane waves in lossless media where he introduces the concepts of wave length and propagation velocity. He illustrates transverse electromagnetic waves and defines the propagation vector. Discussion is also presented of polarization and plane wave in conductin media, both low-loss dielectrics and good conductors. Also covered are group velocity, Poynting vector, and plane wave incidence on plane conducting and dielectric boundaries both normal and oblique. The concept of the reflection coefficient is introduced, as is hell's Law.

In Chapter 9, Dr. Cheng starts the discussion of transmission lines witha parallel plate transmission 'line supporting a TEM wave. He then goes into the generaltransmissionlineequationsusingthe equivalent circuits of differential lengths. The transmission line parameters of L and C are introduced. He then covers all of the aspects of the

As Dr. Cheng states in his preface, this book takes an axiomatic or deductive development. That is, starting with Haxwell's equations as fundamental postulates, he identifies each with the appropriate law. This is contrasted to the traditional or

inductive approach which starts with experimental laws involving dielectric and perfect conductors. The

and generalizes them to produce Maxwell's equations.

During the process of reviewing and evaluating this book, we used it on an experimental basis for3 quarters in 3 different courses. Generally, the students were pleased with the book. The book is intended for an undergraduate sequence. We also tried it for a special purpose short course and fora basic graduate course for students having no undergraduate waves experience.

The chapter titles are:

1. The Electromagnetic Model

2. Vector Analysis

3. Static Electric Field

4. Solution of Electrostatic Problems

5. Steady Electric Currents

6. Static Magnetic Fields

7. Time-Varying Fields and Maxwell's Equations Plane Electromagnetic Waves

9. Theory and Applications of Transmissions Lines

10. Waveguides and Cavity Resonators

11. Antennas and Radiating Systems

Chapter 1 is a basic chapter introducing charges, finite transmission line with various types of

charge densities, currents, constants, and units.

terminations. He, once again, deals with reflection coefficient and SWR. The Smith Chart is introduced very nicely with adequate examples supplied of a quarter wave transformer, single stub matching, and double stub matching, In general, the students found

In Chapter 10, where he covers wave guides and

cavity resonators, he starts off with general wave behavioralonguniformguidingstructures.He discusses transverse electromagnetic waves, TM waves

and TE waves, treats the parallel plate wave guide, deals with the attenuation and then goes into rectangular wave guides. A discussion on dielectric wave guides is also presented.

In Chapter 2, Dr. Cheng's presentation of vector calculusprovides a necessaryphysicaland mathematical understanding. The examples illustrate

necessary features of the Gradient, Divergence, Curl, his treatment of this quite readable. the Divergence theorem, and Stokes' theorem. It

presents allof the necessary tools in this chapter as

opposed to introducing the mathematical concepts as needed in the electrostatics. Dr. Cheng's treatment Helmholtz'sof theoremaidsgreatlythein presentation of static potentials.

The axiomatic approach clearly comes forth in subsequent chapters. Dr. Cheng postulates these in

Chapter 3 as Maxwell's equations for the static case.

thenis It

a

straightforwardstepinto

electrostatics. A detailed presentation of the static case is given in this chapter with figures and

In Chapter 11, he returns to what he started in Chapter and produces the solution to the phasor retarded potentials. He discusses the elemental

examples which illustrate the theory just presented. electric dipole, the elemental magnetic dipole, and

Chapter 4 presents the solution of Laplace's and Poisson's equations. The detail presented in the chapter aides in the discussion of parallel plate transmission lines and waveguides in subsequent

chapters. The text solves both equations in the three on antenna arrays, two element, and general uniform

standard coordinate systems, thus, introducing the student early to Bessel and Legendre functions.

then goes into defining antenna parameters and showing

basic antenna patterns.

He defines the concepts of

directivity and power gain. He then goes on to cover

longer linear antennas showing the equations and the power patterns thereof. Dr. Cheng also has a section

linear arrays, where he introduces the concept of the normalized array factor. He discusses antennas as receivers(dealingwiththecircuitaspects), effective area, impedance, and directional patterns. He discusses other antenna types briefly, namely, travelling wave antennas, Yagi-Uda antennas and broadband antennas, namely, the equi-angular spiral

on aperture antennas,horns, lenses, and reflectors.

Chapter 5 then discusses the static electric current. The relationship of field theory to circuit

theory is presented which should help the EE student

relate

Chapter 6 then uses concepts developed to discuss the and the planar log periodic antenna. He hasa section

magnetic field.

EM theory to something already familiar.

Chapter introduces Faraday's Law of induction and, motivated by examples, generalizes it toa form applicable to a moving circuit in a time-varying magnetic field. Maxwell's complete equations are then presented by introducing displacement current into Ampere's law. Vector potential, the nonhomogeneous

Generally, we found

the

book

to

be

extremely we

liked by the students. They find it to be very readable.

There are several features of the book that make it a very useful text. The format and size of the

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book make it easy to read and manage, showing the The EMP note series actively solicits contributed attention to detail given in its layout. The artistic papers in this area for publication. For such contri- detail given in the figures helps point out the butions, contact Dr. Baum. conceptsquickly.Thereviewquestions(word questions given in each chapter before each problem section) highlight important concepts. The problem sections are excellent; we used several as examples for exams.

Reviewed by:

Andy Terzuoli

and

Ed Urbanik

Electrical Engineering Department Air Force Institute of Technology

Dayton, Ohio 45433

The following EMP-related notes have been pub- lished and distributed recently:

IN 449 "EMP Hardening Topology Expert System (Hard Top)," Michael Messier, JAYCOR, Santa Barbara, CA 93105, June 1985.

IN 452

"TransientResponseInfinitean of

GENERALIZED TRANSMISSION LINE MODEL OF MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNAS AND SOME APPLICATIONS

The transmission line model for the microstrip patch antenna, reported by Derneryd, has been generalized. The Generalized Transmission Line Model (GTLM) takes care of mutual coupling between the radiating edges, feed reactance and the effect of the substrate parameters on wall admittances and surface wave conductances. Wall admittances and surface wave conductances have been derived for circular and rectangular patches, using the integral transformation technique. GTLM has been applied to the analyses of annular ring, annular section, circular sector and rectangular microstrip patch antennas. Theoretical results for input impedance and radiating patterns compare very well with the experiment. It has been observed that annular rings with different mean radii can be designed to have the same resonant frequency for the TM12-mode. This behavior leads to the feasibility of a concentric ring array. A concentric

Cylindrical Antenna in a Dissipative Medium," ring array has been designed, fabricated, and tested.

IN

Kenneth C. Chen, Electromagnetic Analysis Division,SandiaNationalLaboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185, October 1985.

Good agreement between the theory and the experiment has been found.

The proposed model (GTIM) can be applied to the 453 "Transient Response of an Infinite Wire in a microstrip patches where the separation of variables

DissipativeMedium,"KennethChen,C. Electromagnetic Analysis Division, Sandia NationalLaboratories,Albuquerque, NM 87185, October 1985.

is possible for the wave equation when expressedin a coordinate system that matches with the patch geometry. The scope of GTLM to antenna arrays, patches with slots and pins, nonseparable geometries and circularly polarized antennas are discussed.

SSN 289 "TheDistributedSwitchforLaunching

Spherical Waves," Carl

E . Baum, Air Force

Weapons Laboratory, and D.V. Giri,Pro-Tech,

125 University Ave., Berkeley, CA 94710, August 1985.

SSN

290 "Surface-Current-DensityMeasurementVia Apertures," Y. -G. Chen, S. Lloyd, and R. Crumley, Maxwell Laboratories, Inc., San Diego, CA; Carl E. Baum, Air Force Weapons Laboratory; and D.V. Giri, Pro-Tech, 125 University Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94710, October 1985.

Ph.D. Dissertation of:

Kumar Bhattacharyya Centre for Research and Training in Radar and Communication Indian Institute of Technology

current address:

Department of Electrical Engineering University of Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba CANADA, R3T2N2 (Supervisor: Ramesh Gong)

Copies of these notes may be obtained directly from the author, from the Defense Documentation Cen- ter, Cameron Station, Alexandria, Virginia 22134, or from the note series editor, Dr. Carl Baum, Air Force Weapons Laboratory (EL), Kirtland AFB, NM 87117- 6008. Non-US citizens desiring the most recentlypub-

lished notes should request copies directly from the authors or through their embassies.

Degree recipients or their committee chairmen are requested to send abstractsof research of interest to AP-S members to Dr. AsokeK. Battacharyya at Concordia University, Loyola Campus, 7141 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H4B 1R6, Canada (telephone 514-848-3067) for publication in the newsletter.

In addition, these notes are available at many universities and companies doing research in EMF and electromagnetic theory.

Twolines of typesetheadlinewereinadvertently

insertedbelowthe"Response:" to the "Restricted

AccessCorrespondence"onpage

1986 NEWSLETTER.

The NEWSLETTER regrets this error.

18

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