Sei sulla pagina 1di 4

NMC_rn01

MAKE A TELEPHONE You can use the expressions to start a conversation on phone:

Hello. This is

speaking.

Can I speak to

May I speak to

You can use the expressions to extend a conversation on phone:

By the way.

Futhermore,

Moreover,

You can use the expressions to end a conversation on phone:

  See you then. Bye.  I’ll call you later.  All right. See you again, Sir/Ma’am. Thank you ver much. I. Telling the phone number. Study the example then practice the exercise! e.g. : 774484 = seven seven four, four eight four, or double seven, double four, eight four seven, seven, four, four, eight, four

: 0354 684032 = O, three, five four, six eight, four, O, three, two

: 081556413002 = O, eight one, five, five, six, four, one, three, O, O, two

US

(informal)

= Zero eight one, five, five, six, four, one, three, zero, sero, two = nought eight one, five five six, four, one, three, nought, nought, two

 1. 085790312150 2. 0354 – 770099 3. 496663 4. 567475 5. 0354 – 782642 II. Questions:

 Bob : hello. Adi : hello. Bob : Bob speaking, Can I speak to Marry, please? Adi : Hm. She is not home right now. Bob : Oh. Ok. Adi : Can I take a message? Bob : yes, please. Thanks. Adi : Wait a second. I’ll get a pen.

(a minute later)

 Adi : Ok. Bob : could you tell her to meet Bob at 7 p.m. in Adi front of the City Public Library? : All right. Bob : Thank you. Bye. Adi : Bye.

1. Who are the speakers? Do they know each other?

2. How does Bob open the conversation?

3. What does Bob want?

5. What will Adi tell Mary?

Information

missed

performances

speak

winner

attend

great

IV. Make a dialogue on telephone based on the situation below!

You call your friend a nd ask her / him to go with you to see a new movie. She / he agrees.

I love my country Indonesia

Aku mencintai negaraku, Indoesia

Page1

NMC_rn01

QUESTION TAQ (pertanyaan penegas) Berfungsi untuk meminta penegasan dari pendengar tentang sesuatu yang belum begitu meyakinkan pembicara / dapat

dikatakan untuk meminta persetujuan dari pendengar atas pernyataan yang di ucapkan. Aturan yang harus di perhatikan :

 1. Apabila pernyataan (statement ) merupakan kalimat positive (+), maka pertanyaan penegasnya negatif (-). Contoh: you are not sad, are you ? 2. Apabila pernyataan (statement) merupakan kalimat negatif (-), maka pertanyaan penegasnya positif (+) Contoh: she is a lawyer, isn’t she ? 3. Subyek dari pertanyaan penegasnya (taq) harus selalu bentuk personal pronoun (kata ganti orang/benda). Contoh: Bagas goes to office by car, doesn’t he? 4. Apabila dalam kalimat pernyataan menggunakan to be (is, am, are, was, were), maka to be tersebut harus di ulang dalam pertanyaan penegas, kecuali to be “am” yang berpasangan dengan subyek I (I am), maka pertanyaan penegas to be harus diganti dengan “are” Contoh: you are not a teacher, are you? I am a teacher, aren’t I? 5. Apabila dalam kalimat pernyataan menggunakan kata kerja bantu auxiliary verb (can, may, should, would, will, shall, had, selain to be), maka maka auxilliary verb tersebut harus di ulang dalam pertanyaan penegas. Contoh : he will invite us, won’t he ? 6. Apabila dalam kalimat pernyataan menggunakan kata kerja (verb), maka pertanyaan penegasnya (taq) harus menggunakan do / does / did. Contoh : Rossie looks pretty, doesn’t she? 7. Untuk kalimat perintah / ajakan, maka pertanyaan penegasnya (taq) dibentuk dengan menggunakan “will you” dan “shall we”. Contoh : pay attention, will you? 8. Ada beberapa kalimat positif yang dianggap sebagai kalimat negatif apabila kalimat pernyataan posiitif tersebut di ikuti oleh kata – kata : never, seldom, rarely, hardly, few / little, dan pertanyaan penegasnya (taq) positif (+). Contoh : he seldom comes on time, does he? I. Write its questions taq based on the sentences below! 1. They want to come, don’t they? 2. Nia is a dentist, ? 3. They won’t be there, ? 4. You’ll be there, ? 5. There aren’t any problems, ? 6. That’s your umbrella, ? 7. Zulfa is a student, ? 8. He has learned a lot in the last couple of years, ? 9. Defina has a bicycle, ? 10. Monkeys can’t swim, ? 11. Satria will help us later, ? 12. Anel would like to come with us to the party, ? 13. Those aren’t Ricky’s books, ? 14. You have never been to Paris, ? 15. There is something wrong with Jane today, ? 16. Everyone can learn how to swim, ? 17. Nobody cheated on the exam, ? 18. Nothing went wrong while I was gone, ? 19. I am invited, ? 20. This grammar is easy, ? II. Choose the best answer! 1. All the nails are useless, ? b. Didn’t he a. Don’t they c. Doesn’t he b. Aren’t they d. Does he c. Are they 6. He has never flown to Manila, he? d. Do they a. Hasn’t 2. Budi is soldier, he ? b. Is a. Hasn’t c. Isn’t b. Is d. Has c. Isn’t 7. Mother won’t buy me a dress, ? d. Has a. Will she 3. Rista didn’t stay here, ? b. Doesn’t she a. Did she c. Won’t she b. Didn’t she d. Did she c. Doesn’t she 8. We have nothing to do right now, ? d. Does she a. Haven’t we 4. There aren’t any student in the classroom, ? b. Have we a. Aren’t they c. Don’t we b. Are they d. Do we c. Are there 9. She is reading in the library, ? d. Aren’t there a. Isn’t she 5. Father bought nothing for me, ? b. Hasn’t she a. Did he c. Does she I love my country Indonesia Aku mencintai negaraku, Indoesia

Page2

NMC_rn01

 d. Doesn’t she b. Won’t you 10. Your name is Sandro, ? c. Shall we a. Do you d. Will you b. Aren’t you 16. Tika and I didn’t attend the meeting, ? c. Didn’t you a. Did I d. Are you b. Did she 11. The ladies seldom play tennis, ? c. Did they a. Do they d. Did we b. Don’t they 17. Mr. Hartono was abroad last week, ? c. Do the ladies a. Was he d. Does she b. Wasn’t he 12. , can they? c. Wasn’t she a. Nobody can stop us d. Was she b. They can’t fix the car 18. He is not cooming, ? c. The teacher can stop us a. Isn’t he d. They can fix the car b. Is he 13. He has sent the letter to Marry, ? c. Has he a. Isn’t he d. Hasn’t he b. Is he 19. You don’t take sugar in cooffee, ? c. Has he a. Isn’t it d. Hasn’t he b. Do you 14. The maid hasn’t prepared the meal yet, c. Don’t you she? d. Is it a. Hasn’t 20. He arrived late, ? b. Is a. Isn’t it c. Isn’t b. Didn’t he d. has c. Is he 15. prepare your self before the test, ? d. Did he

a. Don’t you

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Use the present perfect tense to talk about happenings in the past that explain or affect the present. The verbs has and have are used as auxiliary verbs to form the present perfect tense. Below are the patterns:

(+) subject + have / has + V3

(-)

(?) have / has + subject + V3?

(+) subject + have / has + been + non verb (-) subject + have / has + not + been + non verb (?) have / has + subject + been + non verb?

subject + have / has + not + V3

 I. Write the past participle of these verbs! 1. Break 2. Drink 3. Cut 4. Do 5. Sing 6. Buy 7. Find 8. Draw 9. Hear 10. Know II. Fill in the blank with the present perfect tense of the verbs in parentheses. 1. Dad his car key. (lose) 2. All the guests (arrive) 3. Tony a goal. (score) 4. Peter in the tent several times. (sleep) 5. It not for two months. (rain) 6. Some prisoners from the prison. (escape) 7. The plane at the airport. (land) 8. John a puppet. (make) 9. Dad and I a big fish. (catch) 10. I this movie twice. (see) III. Change these sentences into positive, negative and interrogative! 1. I have been abroad two times. 2. Anna has not gotten a letter from President. 3. Has Steven ever eaten sushi? 4. We haven’t see Jeni since Friday. 5. She has been a teacher for more than ten years.

I love my country Indonesia

Aku mencintai negaraku, Indoesia

Page3

NMC_rn01

IV. Let’s find! How many diseases can you find?

C
O
U
G
H
E
A
D
A
E
B
A
I
D
E
H
C
1.
2.
T
3.
E
S
M
A
L
L
P
O
X
4.
5.
M
6.
7.
L
A
M
S
E
L
S
A
E
8.
A
R
I
A
F
E
V
E
R
C
A
N
C
E
R

I love my country Indonesia

Aku mencintai negaraku, Indoesia

Page4