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ALL types of plastics in ONE bin everywhere on the PLANET

DISPOSABLE GOODS DURABLE GOODS


FLEXIBLE RIGID FILM FLEXIBLE RIGID FILM

TRACK THREE
TRACK ONE TRACK TWO TRACK THREE ROUND ONE ROUND TWO
B
MANUFACTURING R
A COLLECTING O
N
SORTING Y S E PA R AT I O N RECOVERY
W

M
E B
Nature-based A
B
M Y
T

OMNIDEGRADABLE E I A
R
(BIODEGRADABLE & COMPOSTABLE) I
N T B
A
L F
E E
Bio, CO and CO2-based O R
D S
RECYCLABLE & I R I
S T
BIODEGRADABLE C
#
A
L
(NOT COMPOSTABLE) O L
S
U
M
R t E
Fossil-based E h C
r O T
RECYCLABLE L
A
B
o
N H
u
E
g T O
Fossil-based L
L h E D
*UNRECYCLABLE I
N N
G 7
*UNRECYCLABLE T

*UNRECYCLABLE PLASTIC PRODUCTS AND PACKAGING WILL BE PHASED OUT FROM MANUFACTURING CIRCULARITY BY DESIGN
*UNRECYCLABLE EXISITNG PLASTIC PRODUCTS AND PACKAGING
ALL types of plastics in ONE bin everywhere on the PLANET

TRACK ONE

DISPOSABLE GOODS MANUFACTURING


DURABLE GOODS
FLEXIBLE RIGID FILM FLEXIBLE RIGID FILM
Transparency Raw Material Disclosure Labelling
CHALLENGE SOLUTION
Traceability BARCODE / CODING / TAG / RFID / LIG / MARKERS

R
A
W

OMNIDEGRADABLE M
# New A # NAT 100% Nature-based
(BIODEGRADABLE & COMPOSTABLE) T
E i.e. Algae, Seaweed, Cassava
R
I
A
L
RECYCLABLE & BIODEGRADABLE
# New D
#0 PLA 100% Bio, CO and C02-based
(NOT COMPOSTABLE) I
S
C
i.e. Starch, Carbon Dioxide
L
O
S
RECYCLABLE # 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 U
R
#1 PET 100% Fossil-based
E Ethene
L
A
B
*UNRECYCLABLE E
#3 PVC 100% Fossil -based
# 3, 7 L

*UNRECYCLABLE L
I
#7 Mixed 25% Acrylic-75% Polyethylene Ethene
N
G

*UNRECYCLABLE EXISITNG PLASTIC PRODUCTS AND PACKAGING


*UNRECYCLABLE PLASTIC PRODUCTS AND PACKAGING WILL BE PHASED OUT FROM MANUFACTURING CIRCULARITY BY DESIGN
ALL types of plastics in ONE bin everywhere on the PLANET

TRACK TWO

DISPOSABLE GOODS COLLECTING


DURABLE GOODS
FLEXIBLE RIGID FILM FLEXIBLE RIGID FILM

O
N
CHALLENGE
E
OMNIDEGRADABLE Average citizen doesn't know the difference
#
(BIODEGRADABLE & COMPOSTABLE) B
I between plastic types. They put everything in
N
the blue box resulting contaminating the
RECYCLABLE & BIODEGRADABLE
F
O
established recycling system.
#0
(NOT COMPOSTABLE) R

Fossil-based RECYCLABLE # 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 SOLUTION


t
h
r
Raw Material Disclosure Labelling
Fossil-based
o
u
+
*UNRECYCLABLE # 3, 7 g ONE bin for ALL types of plastics
h
*UNRECYCLABLE
7

*UNRECYCLABLE EXISITNG PLASTIC PRODUCTS AND PACKAGING


*UNRECYCLABLE PLASTIC PRODUCTS AND PACKAGING WILL BE PHASED OUT FROM MANUFACTURING CIRCULARITY BY DESIGN
ALL types of plastics in ONE bin everywhere on the PLANET
TRACK THREE
ROUND ONE
DISPOSABLE GOODS SORTING & SEPARATION DURABLE GOODS
FLEXIBLE RIGID FILM FLEXIBLE RIGID FILM
Sorting by Polymer
CHALLENGE Separation by Polymer SOLUTION Raw Material Disclosure Labelling
TYPE EXAMPLE NUMBER SORTING BY SEPARATION BY
Nature-based OMNIDEGRADABLE Seaweed, Algae, Cassava, Fruit, B
# RMD, CODING, TAG, NIR, LIG, AI MANUAL, OPTICAL, MECHANICAL, AI
(BIODEGRADABLE & COMPOSTABLE) Casein, Chitosan Y
Starch-based, PHA/PHB, TPS, PEF,
Bio, CO and CO2-based RECYCLABLE & PBS/PBSA, PT, Bio-PET, Bio-PE, M
#0 RMD, CODING, TAG, NIR, LIG, AI MANUAL, OPTICAL, MECHANICAL, AI
BIODEGRADABLE (NOT COMPOSTABLE) Bio-PP, Bio-PA, Bio-PUR, PPC, PU, A
PC, PEC, PE
T
RMD, LIBS, FTIR, LIG, AI E
Fossil-based RECYCLABLE PET, PETE, rPET #1
Ioniqua Magnetic Sorting
MANUAL, OPTICAL, MECHANICAL, AI R
Filigrade Visisble & Invisible Markers
LOOPTM
I
A
RMD, ELECTROSTATIC, MDS, CODING, TAG, LIBS, L
Fossil-based RECYCLABLE HDPE, LDPE, PP, PS # 2, 4, 5, 6 MANUAL, OPTICAL, MECHANICAL, AI
FTIR, NIR, LIG, AI

C
# 2, 4, 5, 6
Fossil-based UNRECYCLABLE - TYPE A HDPE, LDPE, PP, PS RMD, OPTICAL, MECHANICAL, LIBS, FTIR, LIG, AI MANUAL, OPTICAL, MECHANICAL, AI O
FOOD CONTAMINATION
N
#3 T
Fossil-based UNRECYCLABLE - TYPE B PVC RMD, LIBS, LIG, AI MANUAL, OPTICAL, MECHANICAL, AI
FLEXIBLE PVC VINYL E
N
Fossil=based UNRECYCLABLE - TYPE C MIXED RESINS #7 RMD, LIG, AI DELAMINATION with Supercritical CO2 T

*UNRECYCLABLE EXISITNG PLASTIC PRODUCTS AND PACKAGING


*UNRECYCLABLE PLASTIC PRODUCTS AND PACKAGING WILL BE PHASED OUT FROM MANUFACTURING CIRCULARITY BY DESIGN
ALL types of plastics in ONE bin everywhere on the PLANET
ZERO EXPORTS OF PLASTIC WASTE – ZERO PLASTIC TO INCINERATOR – ZERO PLASTIC TO LANDFILL – ZERO PLASTIC INTO THE OCEANS

TRACK THREE
ROUND TWO
DISPOSABLE GOODS RECOVERY DURABLE GOODS
FLEXIBLE RIGID FILM FLEXIBLE RIGID FILM

CHALLENGE Raw Materials Recovery 1ST LOCALLY / 2ND REGIONALLY / 3RD NATIONALLY / 4TH INTERNATIONALLY

SOLUTION Raw Material Disclosure Labelling + ONE bin for all plastics + Advanced Plastic Recycling Facilities (aPRFs)
TYPE NUMBER 1st Choice 2nd Choice 3rd Choice 4rd Choice Last Choice
Nature-based
OMNIDEGRADABLE RECYCLING INTO OMNIDEGRADABLE COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL
# HOME COMPOSTING HOME TO BIOGAS
(BIODEGRADABLE & OR BIO-PLASTICS BIODIGESTER COMPOSTING
COMPOSTABLE)

Bio, CO and CO2-based


RECYCLABLE & RECYCLING INTO REUSABLE/REFILLABLE IBM Depolymerization / CHEMICAL NEWTECPOLY COMMINGLED
#0
BIODEGRADABLE (NOT BIO-PLASTICS POLYMER RECOVERY RECYCLING
COMPOSTABLE)

TRASHPRESSO /
LOOPTM
IBM Depolymerization / CHEMICAL NEWTECPOLY
Fossil-based RECYCLABLE #1 LOOPTM / Ioniqa / Filigrade CONVENTIONAL RECYCLING RECYCLING INTO
POLYMER RECOVERY COMMINGLED
TEXTILES
RECYCLING

IBM Depolymerization / CHEMICAL CADEL DEINKING & DELAMINATION TRASHPRESSO / NEWTECPOLY CONVENTIONAL
Fossil-based RECYCLABLE # 2, 4, 5, 6
POLYMER RECOVERY RECYCLING COMMINGLED RECYCLING RECYCLING

# 2, 4, 5, 6 HERBOLD MECKESHEIM / HERMION /


Fossil-based UNRECYCLABLE - IBM Depolymerization / CHEMICAL NEWTECPOLY COMMINGLED
FOOD TUSTI INTENSIVE WASHING &
TYPE A POLYMER RECOVERY RECYCLING
CONTAMINATION RECYCLING

#3
Fossil-based UNRECYCLABLE - IBM Depolymerization / CHEMICAL NEWTECPOLY COMMINGLED
REUSE
TYPE B FLEXIBLE PVC VINYL POLYMER RECOVERY RECYCLING

#7 HERBOLD MECKESHEIM / HERMION NEWTECPOLY


Fossil=based UNRECYCLABLE - IBM Depolymerization / CHEMICAL CADEL DEINKING & DELAMINATION
/ TUSTI INTENSIVE WASHING & COMMINGLED
TYPE C POLYMER RECOVERY RECYCLING
MIXED RESINS RECYCLING RECYCLING
•Degradable: That undergoes significant changes in its chemical structure when subjected to
various specific environmental conditions, resulting in a loss of properties that can be measured
by standard methods, in a given period of time.

•Biodegradable: That undergoes degradation resulting from the action of naturally occurring
microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and algae. There is no reference to the amount of time
needed for degradation or the type of physical and chemical quality attributes of the end
product.

•Compostable : That undergoes degradation by biological processes during composting to yield


CO2, water, inorganic compounds and biomass at a rate consistent with other compostable
materials and leaves no visible, distinguishable or toxic residue.

•*OXO-biodegradable: Material to which a metal-based additive is added to accelerate


degradation by sunlight (UV), heat and / or mechanical stress. This first degradation results in
small fragments, often invisible to naked eye, that could be biodegraded in a second degradation
phase. *As oxo-degradable plastics are conventional plastics with additives and not biodegradable or bio-
based plastics, they should not be linked or named in the same context as bioplastics. From https://www.astm.org/
via https://bagtoearth.com/us/municipalities/compostable-vs-biodegradable/

A biodegradable material is not necessarily


compostable because it must also break up Omnidegradable® Safely decompose anywhere
during one composting cycle. On the other microbes are present - including landfills,
hand, a material that breaks up, over one Oceans and wilderness settings - without
composting cycle, into microscopic pieces that requiring sunlight, heat or oxygen to
are not totally biodegradable, is decompose.
not compostable.
•Difference between plastic to fuel and plastic to energy:
•Plastic to Fuel uses Pyrolysis high temperatures to convert plastics back into petroleum that can be refined
into gasoline, diesel, and kerosene.
•Depending on the solution provider, plastics #1, 3 and 7 can not be re-converted into oil but they can be used
to produce energy. (Plastic to Energy uses high temperature to burn plastics, create steam to produce
electricity).

•Difference between polymer chemical recovery, chemical recycling and recycling:


•Depolymerisation or Polymer chemical recovery extracts the monomers from plastic packaging to create raw
materials for the production of virgin plastics.
•Plastic chemical recycling includes converting the majority of unsorted plastic waste back into a valuable low
Sulphur hydrocarbon as light oil, wax, heavy fuel oil, and as a synthetic source for fully recycled plastic.
•Polymer/Plastic recycling includes taking any type of plastic, sorting it into different polymers, chipping it and
then melting it down into pellets.

•Existing Decontamination?: Industrial washing/recycling line. Stiphout Plastics in the Netherlands is able to
clean plastics that are polluted with frying oils. Using sophisticated separation technology they can re-use the water
and cleaning agent and supply the purified oil to biofuel producers.

•PVC - VYNIL REUSE: PVC flexible packaging for clothes, bedding etc. that are used once can be reused instead
of recycling them or sending them to landfill or incineration. Impose levies and deposit schemes to facilitate
development of a PVC-VYNIL reuse industry and market.

•Enforced lamination packaging standards?: Through Raw Material Disclosure, barcoding, coding, (RFID, Laser
Induced Graphene tagging, tracer and watermark sorting can add value and can be introduced and standardized across
the plastics industry to ensure uniform market take-up).

•Biodegradable & Recyclable materials: Scale recycling industry and markets.

•Biodegradable & Compostable from certified organic matter: Scale Upcycling to Bioplastics industry